Results for 'Treatment'

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  1.  5
    In Part, This 'Declaration of Dresden Against Coerced Psychiatric Treatment'Stated.on Coercive Treatment Users’Views - 2011 - In Thomas W. Kallert, Juan E. Mezzich & John Monahan (eds.), Coercive Treatment in Psychiatry: Clinical, Legal and Ethical Aspects. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  2.  9
    Making Treatment Choices From “Dark Places”: A Role for Ethics Consultation.Gail Leslie, Ellen M. Robinson, Mary Zwirner, John J. Purcell & Cornelia Cremens - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):72-74.
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  3.  97
    Unproven Treatment in Childhood Oncology--How Far Should Paediatricians Co-Operate?C. Yeoh, E. Kiely & H. Davies - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (2):75-76.
    Parents of children with terminal illness may try many different types of alternative and unproven treatment, not all recognised by the medical establishment. When active participation is requested difficult ethical dilemmas may arise. We present one such case, a child of five years with an inoperable posterior fossa brain tumour.
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  4.  17
    Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia: Evidence-Based Strategies.S. Englisch & M. Zink - 2012 - Mens Sana Monographs 10 (1):20.
    Treatment-resistant symptoms complicate the clinical course of schizophrenia, and a large proportion of patients do not reach functional recovery. In consequence, polypharmacy is frequently used in treatment-refractory cases, addressing psychotic positive, negative and cognitive symptoms, treatment-emergent side effects caused by antipsychotics and comorbid depressive or obsessive-compulsive symptoms. To a large extent, such strategies are not covered by pharmacological guidelines which strongly suggest antipsychotic monotherapy. Add-on strategies comprise combinations of several antipsychotic agents and augmentations with mood stabilizers; moreover, (...)
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  5. Moral Treatment.Louis C. Charland - 2015 - In Robin L. Cautin & Scott O. Lilienfeld (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology. New York, NY, USA:
    Moral treatment refers to a psychological approach to treating mental disorder that arose across Europe and North America around the turn of the eighteenth century. It is mostly associated with the French physician Philippe Pinel (1745–1826) and the English Quaker philanthropist William Tuke (1732–1819). Pinel and Tuke each independently developed their own distinct models of the once popular therapy known as moral treatment. Although moral treatment is often considered to have been a successful therapy in its early (...)
     
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  6.  44
    Forgoing Treatment at the End of Life in 6 European Countries.Georg Bosshard, Tore Nilstun, Johan Bilsen, Michael Norup, Guido Miccinesi, Johannes J. M. van Delden, Karin Faisst, Agnes van der Heide & for the European End-of-Life Consortium - 2005 - JAMA Internal Medicine 165 (4):401-407.
    Modern medicine provides unprecedented opportunities in diagnostics and treatment. However, in some situations at the end of a patient’s life, many physicians refrain from using all possible measures to prolong life. We studied the incidence of different types of treatment withheld or withdrawn in 6 European countries and analyzed the main background characteristics.
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  7. Genetic Treatment and Preselection. Ethical Differences and Similarities.Christian Munthe - manuscript
    Medical genetic interventions can be performed in two ways. First, genetic defects may be repaired (gene therapy). Secondly, a possible future individual (an embryo or a possible combination of gametes) may be preselected because of its favourable genetic make-up (by using genetic diagnostic methods and procedures from reproductive medicine so called Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis). The first kind of intervention means that someone gets medical treatment in the normal sense, however, the second kind does not. Rather, in that case, the (...)
     
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  8.  28
    Coercive Treatment in Psychiatry: Clinical, Legal and Ethical Aspects.Thomas W. Kallert, Juan E. Mezzich & John Monahan (eds.) - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book considers coercion within the healing and ethical framework of therapeutic relationships and partnerships at all levels, and addresses the universal ...
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  9.  20
    Treatment of ADHD with Methylphenidate May Sensitize Brain Substrates of Desire: Implications for Changes in Drug Abuse Potential From an Animal Model.J. Panksepp, J. Burgdorf, N. Gordon & C. Turner - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (1):7-19.
    Aims. Currently, methylphenidate (MPH, trade name Ritalin) is the most widely prescribed medication for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We examined the ability of repeated MPH administration to produce a sensitized appetitive eagerness type response in laboratory rats, as indexed by 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (50-kHz USVs). We also examined the ability of MPH to reduce play behavior in rats which may be partially implicated in the clinical efficacy of MPH in ADHD. Design. 56 adolescent rats received injections of either 5.0 mg/kg (...)
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  10.  79
    Patenting Treatment Methods.Sophie Flaherty - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (3):307-310.
    Apotex Pty Ltd v Sanofi-Aventis Australia Pty Ltd [2013] 304 ALR 1At the heart of some disputes regarding medical treatment is the conceptual difficulty of finding the appropriate legal framework. The diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions are clearly subject to professional standards and thus sit within the negligence framework, but what of those who develop and provide that diagnosis and treatment? Do innovative approaches give rise to a patentable interest and can the intellectual property in a (...)
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  11.  25
    Punishment, Treatment, Empowerment: Three Approaches to Policy for Pregnant Addicts.Iris Marion Young - 1993 - Feminist Studies: Fs 20 (1):33-57.
  12. The Treatment of Hard Cases in American Juvenile Justice: In Defense of Discretionary Waver.Franklin Zimring - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 5 (2):267-280.
     
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  13. Moral Treatment of Returning Warriors.Bernard J. Verkamp - 2006 - University of Scranton Press.
    Soldiers returning from war have always exhibited signs of psychological and emotional distress. In this book, Bernard J. Verkamp argues that the contemporary response to such symptoms—psychiatric treatment and therapy—is only a partial solution, and that when dealing with soldiers’ emotions of guilt and shame we would benefit greatly from a consideration of the religiously grounded practices of the Middle Ages. Drawing on a wide range of sources, including Reinhold Niebuhr, Michael Walzer, and the long tradition of just war (...)
     
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  14.  10
    Non-Treatment of Spina Bifida Babies.Douglas N. Walton & Deborah C. Hobbs - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:463-480.
    This article presents a philosophical framework for physician-family ethical decision-making for the controversial cases of withdrawal, initiation, or continuation of treatment for spina bifida infants. The well-known criteria for selective treatment proposed by Lorber are shown to be ethically sub-optimal on the grounds that they are based on a general conception of the decision framework that is open to serious criticisms and questioning.We propose a model of joint physician-family decision-making that we think represents a more rational method of (...)
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  15. Experimental Treatments for Ebola.Dilinie Herbert - 2014 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 20 (1):9.
    Herbert, Dilinie The Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa is a tragedy of mass proportions. It has afflicted a region with poor public health infrastructure, communities fearful of medical intervention due to past atrocities, and in a situation where the people are protective of themselves and their families. As the death toll continues to rise, experimental treatments are being offered as a solution. The widespread use and management of these treatments is a challenge due to the social and cultural (...)
     
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  16.  27
    Covert Treatment in Psychiatry: Do No Harm, True, but Also Dare to Care.Ajai R. Singh - 2008 - Mens Sana Monographs 6 (1):81.
    _Covert treatment raises a number of ethical and practical issues in psychiatry. Viewpoints differ from the standpoint of psychiatrists, caregivers, ethicists, lawyers, neighbours, human rights activists and patients. There is little systematic research data on its use but it is quite certain that there is relatively widespread use. The veil of secrecy around the procedure is due to fear of professional censure. Whenever there is a veil of secrecy around anything, which is aided and abetted by vociferous opposition from (...)
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  17. Forgoing Treatment in an Adult with No Apparent Treatment Preferences: A Case Report.David M. Price - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1).
    This article reports in detail an ethics case consultation involving a decision to forgo life-sustaining treatment for a middle-aged man following a massive cerebral bleed resulting in profound brain damage, but not unconsciousness. An unusual feature of this case is that, despite normal intelligence, caring family relationships and a history of life-threatening cardiac disease, vigorous and sustained inquiry could not elicitany indications of this patient's values, perceptions or preferences regarding end of life care.Other than a deliberately autobiographical methodological prologue (...)
     
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  18.  25
    The Effective Treatment of Juveniles Who Sexually Offend: An Ethical Imperative.Elizabeth J. Letourneau & Charles M. Borduin - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (2-3):286 – 306.
    This article raises serious concerns regarding the widespread use of unproven interventions with juveniles who sexually offend and suggests innovative methods for addressing these concerns. Dominant interventions (i.e., cognitive-behavioral group treatments with an emphasis on relapse prevention) typically fail to address the multiple determinants of juvenile sexual offending and could result in iatrogenic outcomes. Methodologically sophisticated research studies (i.e., randomized clinical trials) are needed to examine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group interventions, especially those delivered in residential settings. The (...)
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  19.  13
    Implementation Neutrality and Treatment Evaluation.Stephen F. LeRoy - 2018 - Economics and Philosophy 34 (1):45-52.
    :Statisticians have proposed formal techniques for evaluation of treatments, often in the context of models that do not explicitly specify how treatments are generated. Under such procedures they run the risk of attributing causation in settings where the implementation neutrality condition required for causal interpretation of parameter estimates is not satisfied. When treatment assignments are explicitly modelled, as economists recommend, these issues can be formally analysed, and the existence of implementation neutrality, and therefore quantifiable causation, can be determined. Examples (...)
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  20.  14
    Moral Treatment and the Personality Disorders.Louis C. Charland - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford, UK: pp. 64-77.
    This chapter argues that the conditions under the umbrella “personality disorders” actually constitute two very different kinds of theoretical entities. In particular, several core personality disorders are actually moral, and not medical, conditions. Thus, the categories that are held to represent them are really moral, and not medical, theoretical kinds. The chapter works back from the possibility of treatment to the nature of the kinds that are allegedly treated, revisiting 18th-century ideas of moral treatment along the way. The (...)
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  21. Psychoanalytic Treatment in Adults: A Longitudinal Study of Change.Rosemary Cogan & John H. Porcerelli - 2016 - Routledge.
    The outcomes of psychoanalysis, as with other psychotherapies, vary considerably. _Psychoanalytic Treatment in Adults _examines the results of a longitudinal study of change during psychoanalysis, illuminating the characteristics of patients, analysts and analyses which can help to predict outcomes of treatment. Written by experienced psychologists and psychoanalysts, chapters in the book draw upon sixty case studies to consider how patients with very different analytic outcomes respond at both the beginning and end of their analysis. Psychoanalysts used a clinician (...)
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  22.  70
    Opioid Treatment Agreements and Patient Accountability.Larisa Svirsky - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (4):46-9.
    Opioid treatment agreements are written agreements between physicians and patients enumerating the risks associated with opioid medications along with the requirements that patients must meet to receive these medications on an ongoing basis. The choice to use such agreements goes beyond the standard informed consent process, and has a distinctive symbolic significance. Specifically, it suggests that physicians regard it as important to hold their patients accountable for adhering to various protocols regarding the use of their opioid medications. After laying (...)
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  23.  6
    Abating Treatment with Critically Ill Patients: Ethical and Legal Limits to the Medical Prolongation of Life.Robert F. Weir - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers an in-depth analysis of the wide range of issues surrounding "passive euthanasia" and "allow-to-die" decisions. The author develops a comprehensive conceptual model that is highly useful for assessing and dealing with real-life situations. He presents an informative historical overview, an evaluation of the clinical settings in which treatment abatement takes place, and an insightful discussion of relevant legal aspects. The result is a clearly articulated ethical analysis that is medically realistic, philosophically sound, and legally viable.
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  24.  39
    Syntactical Treatment of Modalities, 6 February.Lorenz Demey & Jan Heylen - 2013 - The Reasoner 7 (4):45-45.
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  25.  16
    Treatment of Mood Disorders.Pedro L. Delgado & Paul Zarkowski - 2004 - In Jaak Panksepp (ed.), Textbook of Biological Psychiatry. Wiley-Liss. pp. 231.
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  26. Addressing Treatment Futility and Assisted Suicide in Psychiatry.J. S. Dembo - 2010 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 5 (1):1-3.
     
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  27.  17
    Punishment, Treatment, Empowerment: Three Approaches to Policy for Pregnant Addicts.Iris Marion Young - 1994 - Feminist Studies 20 (1):33.
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  28.  26
    Are Treatment Effects of Neurofeedback Training in Children with ADHD Related to the Successful Regulation of Brain Activity? A Review on the Learning of Regulation of Brain Activity and a Contribution to the Discussion on Specificity.Agnieszka Zuberer, Daniel Brandeis & Renate Drechsler - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  29.  2
    Culturology: Treatments and Conceptions.Kelle V. Zh - 2003 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 41 (4):79-82.
    I recently heard a presentation by E. V. Semenov, the director of the Russian State Science Foundation. He said that culturology has not been included in the Foundation's rubrication. There are grants, but there is no rubric, because so far culturology is an extremely fluid area, and very diverse topics are relegated to it. Aleksei Iur'evich [Shemanov] is quite right when he says that "the process of shaping culturology into a special discipline" is still under way. In such conditions, it (...)
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  30.  6
    Treatment Search Fatigue and Informed Consent.Peter Zuk & Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 12 (1):77-79.
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  31.  3
    Forgoing Life Sustaining Treatment Decision-Making in Critically Ill Children: Parental Views and Factor’s Influence.Nurnaningsih Nurnaningsih, Sri Setiyarini, Syafa’Atun Al Mirzanah, Retna Siwi Padmawati & Mohammad Juffrie - 2021 - Clinical Ethics 16 (3):246-251.
    Objective Explore parents’ point of view about forgoing life sustaining treatment in terminal critically ill children and factors affecting their decisions. Method This was a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with parents whose child died between 6–12 months old in pediatric intensive care unit of a university-affiliated teaching hospital. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed. Data were analyzed using interpretive description method. Result A total of 7 parents of 5 children decided to withhold or withdraw LST. Five parents from 4 (...)
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  32.  3
    Children’s Medical Treatment Decision-Making: Reform or Review?Jo Bridgeman - 2021 - Clinical Ethics 16 (3):183-188.
    This article considers proposals to reform the law in response to recent high profile cases concerning the medical treatment of children, currently before Parliament in the Access to Palliative Care and Treatment of Children Bill 2019–21. It considers the proposed procedural change, to introduce a requirement for mediation before court proceedings, and argues that dispute resolution processes should be a matter of good practice rather than enshrined in law. It argues that the proposed substantive change to determination of (...)
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  33.  42
    Treatments and Services for Neurodevelopmental Disorders on Advocacy Websites: Information or Evaluation? [REVIEW]Nina C. Di Pietro, Louise Whiteley & Judy Illes - 2011 - Neuroethics 5 (2):197-209.
    The Internet has quickly gained popularity as a major source of health-related information, but its impact is unclear. Here, we investigate the extent to which advocacy websites for three neurodevelopmental disorders—cerebral palsy (CP), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)—inform stakeholders about treatment options, and discuss the ethical challenges inherent in providing such information online. We identified major advocacy websites for each disorder and assessed website accountability, the number, attributes, and accessibility of treatments described, and the (...)
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  34.  4
    Three Treatments of Universals.Roger Bacon - 1989 - Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton.
  35. The Treatment That Leaves Something to Luck.Nafsika Athanassoulis - 2005 - In Philosophical Reflections on Medical Ethics. Palgrave-Macmillan.
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  36. Descartes' Treatment of Animals.John Cottingham - 1998 - In Descartes. Oxford University Press.
     
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  37. Treatment of Patients With Recovered Memories of Trauma and With False Memories.Constance Dalenberg, Eve Carlson & O. Brandt Caudill Jr - 2009 - In Steven F. Bucky (ed.), Ethical and Legal Issues for Mental Health Professionals: In Forensic Settings. Brunner-Routledge.
     
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  38.  34
    Descartes' Treatment of 'Lumen Naturale'.Stephen H. Daniel - 1978 - Studia Leibnitiana 10 (1):92 - 100.
    Descartes’ “natural light” has been interpreted as a faculty of the mind, the sense-imagination-reason-under-standing composite, the principle of intellectual integrity and growth, or even God himself. In Meditations III and IV in particular, the meaning of lumen natural depends on recognizing how light and nature define one another and how “my nature” serves as the basis for pointing to what is beyond the domain of natural reason, including religious faith and natural belief (especially regarding morality).
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  39. A Treatment for Survivors of Sexual Assault Suffering Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (Vol 13, Pg 275, 2005).C. Lefkowitz, M. Prout, J. Bleiberg, I. Paharia & D. Debiak - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (1):II.
     
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  40. Differential Treatment of Students by Middle School Science Teachers-Unintended Cultural-Bias-Reply.O. Lee - 1991 - Science Education 75 (4):491-492.
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  41. Treatment.Pekka Louhiala, Iona Heath & John Saunders - 2008 - In Martyn Evans, Rolf Ahlzén, Pekka Louhiala & J. Jill Gordon (eds.), Medical Humanities Companion. Radcliffe Publishing.
     
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  42.  1
    Treatment of Traumatised Sexuality.Elsa Almås & Esben Esther Pirelli Benestad - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Based on therapeutic meetings with individuals who have experienced sexual violence and abuse, the challenge is how do we help these couples to establish sexual relationships on their own terms, without interference of defence or coping strategies they have used to protect themselves against the overwhelming experiences of violence or abuse in the past? This article will focus on therapeutic work with such couples and how to interact with them and support their efforts to establish satisfying sexual relationships, based on (...)
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  43.  42
    Psychosocial Treatment Research With Ethnic Minority Populations: Ethical Considerations in Conducting Clinical Trials.Patricia A. Areán & Jennifer Alvidrez - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):103-116.
    Because of historical mistreatment of ethnic minorities by research and medical institutions, it is particularly important for researchers to be mindful of ethical issues that arise when conducting research with ethnic minority populations. In this article, we focus on the ethical issues related to the inclusion of ethnic minorities in clinical trials of psychosocial treatments. We highlight 2 factors, skepticism and mistrust by ethnic minorities about research and current inequities in the mental health care system, that researchers should consider when (...)
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  44.  12
    Futile Treatment—A Review.Lenko Šarić, Ivana Prkić & Marko Jukić - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (3):329-337.
    The main goal of intensive care medicine is helping patients survive acute threats to their lives, while preserving and restoring life quality. Because of medical advancements, it is now possible to sustain life to an extent that would previously have been difficult to imagine. However, the goals of medicine are not to preserve organ function or physiological activity but to treat and improve the health of a person as a whole. When dealing with medical futilities, physicians and other members of (...)
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  45.  15
    Current Treatment of Chronic Heart Failure in Primary Care; Still Room for Improvement.Marije Bosch, Michel Wensing, J. Carel Bakx, Trudy Van Der Weijden, Arno W. Hoes & Richard P. T. M. Grol - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):644-650.
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  46.  7
    Treatment at the End of Life and Ethics.Norman Ford - 2002 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 8 (2):3.
  47. The Treatment of Ethics in a Swedish Government Commission on Gene Technology.Birgitta Forsman - 1995 - The Royal Society of Arts and Sciences in Gothenburg, Centre for Research Ethics.
  48.  4
    Futile Treatments.Deirdre Fetherstonhaugh - 2001 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 7 (1):4.
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  49. Coercive Treatment and Stigma–Is There a Link?Wolfgang Gaebel & Harald Zäske - 2011 - In Thomas W. Kallert, Juan E. Mezzich & John Monahan (eds.), Coercive Treatment in Psychiatry: Clinical, Legal and Ethical Aspects. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 13--32.
     
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  50.  12
    Infertility Treatments for Gay Parents?Jeffrey Blustein - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (5):6.
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