Results for 'Tyler L. Harrison'

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  1.  48
    No Evidence of Intelligence Improvement After Working Memory Training: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study.Thomas S. Redick, Zach Shipstead, Tyler L. Harrison, Kenny L. Hicks, David E. Fried, David Z. Hambrick, Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):359.
  2.  92
    Legal Personhood for Artificial Intelligence: Citizenship as the Exception to the Rule.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (2):343-354.
    The concept of artificial intelligence is not new nor is the notion that it should be granted legal protections given its influence on human activity. What is new, on a relative scale, is the notion that artificial intelligence can possess citizenship—a concept reserved only for humans, as it presupposes the idea of possessing civil duties and protections. Where there are several decades’ worth of writing on the concept of the legal status of computational artificial artefacts in the USA and elsewhere, (...)
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  3.  81
    Citizenship as the Exception to the Rule: An Addendum.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (3):911-930.
    This addendum expands upon the arguments made in the author’s 2020 essay, “Legal Personhood for Artificial Intelligence: Citizenship as the Exception to the Rule”, in an effort to display the significance human augmentation technologies will have on (feasibly) inadvertently providing legal protections to artificial intelligence systems (AIS)—a topic only briefly addressed in that work. It will also further discuss the impacts popular media have on imprinting notions of computerised behaviour and its subsequent consequences on the attribution of legal protections to (...)
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  4.  9
    “I Am Not Your Robot:” the Metaphysical Challenge of Humanity’s AIS Ownership.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2021 - AI and Society.
    Despite the reality that self-learning artificial intelligence systems are gaining in sophistication, humanity’s focus regarding SLAIS-human interactions are unnervingly centred upon transnational commercial sectors and, most generally, around issues of intellectual property law. But as SLAIS gain greater environmental interaction capabilities in digital spaces, or the ability to self-author code to drive their development as algorithmic models, a concern arises as to whether a system that displays a “deceptive” level of human-like engagement with users in our physical world ought to (...)
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  5.  15
    The Legal Ambiguity of Advanced Assistive Bionic Prosthetics: Where to Define the Limits of ‘Enhanced Persons’ in Medical Treatment.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2021 - Clinical Ethics 16 (3):171-182.
    The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence systems has generated a means whereby assistive bionic prosthetics can become both more effective and practical for the patients who rely upon the use of such machines in their daily lives. However, de lege lata remains relatively unspoken as to the legal status of patients whose devices contain self-learning CIS that can interface directly with the peripheral nervous system. As a means to reconcile for this lack of legal foresight, this article approaches the topic (...)
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  6.  93
    Towards a Distributed Account of Conceptual Knowledge.L. TyLer & H. Moss - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (6):244-252.
  7.  19
    The Category Effect in Visual Selective Attention.Patti L. Kelly, David W. Harrison & Milton H. Hodge - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (1):71-74.
  8.  10
    Rotation-Induced Taste Aversions in Strains of Rats Selectively Bred for Strong or Weak Acquisition of Drug-Induced Taste Aversions.Ralph L. Elkins & William Harrison - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (1):57-60.
  9.  9
    Heidegger: A Critical Reader : Edited by Hubert Dreyfus and Harrison Hall.Hubert L. Dreyfuss & Harrison Hall (eds.) - 1992 - Blackwell.
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  10. Cross Cultural Research on Perception of Possibilities.L. E. Tyler & N. D. Sundberg - 1991 - In Michael I. Posner, B. Dwivedi & I. Singh (eds.), Contemporary Approaches to Cognitive Psychology. Rishi Publications. pp. 17--29.
     
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  11.  8
    A History of Factory Legislation.B. L. Hutchins & A. Harrison - 1904 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):397-398.
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  12. Philosophy and the Spiritual Life.Tyler McNabb & Victoria S. Harrison - forthcoming - Oxford, UK: Routledge.
    Spirituality has become a focus of academic interest within a range of disciplines, including theology, religious studies, psychology and anthropology. Philosophers of religion have, however, typically given the topic of spirituality scant attention. This volume fills this important gap in the field. The volume consists of three main parts: Spiritual practice and philosophical understanding; The spiritual life and being; and Philosophical problems with the spiritual life. The first part contains chapters that are united by discussion of whether or not the (...)
     
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  13. Philosophy and the Spiritual Life.Victoria S. Harrison & Tyler D. McNabb (eds.) - forthcoming
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  14. Responsible Brains: Neuroscience, Law, and Human Culpability.William Hirstein, Katrina L. Sifferd & Tyler K. Fagan - 2018 - New York, NY, USA: MIT Press.
    [This download includes the table of contents and chapter 1.] -/- When we praise, blame, punish, or reward people for their actions, we are holding them responsible for what they have done. Common sense tells us that what makes human beings responsible has to do with their minds and, in particular, the relationship between their minds and their actions. Yet the empirical connection is not necessarily obvious. The “guilty mind” is a core concept of criminal law, but if a defendant (...)
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  15. Ived Spaces of Infant-Toddler Education and Care. International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education and Development, Vol 11.L. Harrison & J. Sumsion (eds.) - 2014 - Springer.
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  16. Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburh.J. L. Hall, James A. Harrison & Robert Sharp - 1895 - American Journal of Philology 16 (1):99.
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  17.  10
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Maria Magnabosco, Paul Unger, Jennings L. Wagoner, John L. Harrison, Mary Anne Christenberry, J. Stanley Ahmann, Roy R. Nasstrom, Jack F. Parker, Lorraine Harner & Richard L. Hopkins - 1977 - Educational Studies 8 (1):73-94.
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  18.  21
    Review of Instructional Approaches in Ethics Education. [REVIEW]Tyler J. Mulhearn, Logan M. Steele, Logan L. Watts, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Michael D. Mumford & Shane Connelly - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (3):883-912.
    Increased investment in ethics education has prompted a variety of instructional objectives and frameworks. Yet, no systematic procedure to classify these varying instructional approaches has been attempted. In the present study, a quantitative clustering procedure was conducted to derive a typology of instruction in ethics education. In total, 330 ethics training programs were included in the cluster analysis. The training programs were appraised with respect to four instructional categories including instructional content, processes, delivery methods, and activities. Eight instructional approaches were (...)
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  19.  26
    Books in Review.J. R. Cresswell, Bowman L. Clarke & Frank R. Harrison - 1970 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 1 (4):256-260.
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  20.  74
    Review Of: Gerald K. Harrison, Normative Reasons and Theism. [REVIEW]Tyler McNabb - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (4):219-223.
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  21.  2
    Apuleius: Rhetorical Works.S. J. Harrison, J. L. Hilton & Vincent Hunink (eds.) - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    These rhetorical texts by Apuleius, second-century Latin writer and author of the famous novel Metamorphoses or Golden Ass, have not been translated into English since 1909. They are some of the very few Latin speeches surviving from their century, and constitute important evidence for Latin and Roman North African social and intellectual culture in the second century AD, a period where there is increasing interest amongst classicists and ancient historians. They are the work of a talented writer who is being (...)
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  22.  23
    The Roles of Shared Vs. Distinctive Conceptual Features in Lexical Access.Harrison E. Vieth, Katie L. McMahon & Greig I. de Zubicaray - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  23.  32
    Are Ethics Training Programs Improving? A Meta-Analytic Review of Past and Present Ethics Instruction in the Sciences.Logan L. Watts, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Tyler J. Mulhearn, Logan M. Steele, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2017 - Ethics and Behavior 27 (5):351-384.
    Given the growing public concern and attention placed on cases of research misconduct, government agencies and research institutions have increased their efforts to develop and improve ethics education programs for scientists. The present study sought to assess the impact of these increased efforts by sampling empirical studies published since the year 2000. Studies published prior to 2000 examined in other meta-analytic work were also included to provide a baseline for assessing gains in ethics training effectiveness over time. In total, this (...)
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  24.  34
    Can Businesses Effectively Regulate Employee Conduct?: The Antecedents of Rule Adherence in Work Settings.Tom R. Tyler & Steven L. Blader - forthcoming - Ethics.
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  25. Chimpanzee Rights: The Philosophers' Brief.Kristin Andrews, Gary Comstock, G. K. D. Crozier, Sue Donaldson, Andrew Fenton, Tyler John, L. Syd M. Johnson, Robert Jones, Will Kymlicka, Letitia Meynell, Nathan Nobis, David M. Pena-Guzman & Jeff Sebo - 2018 - London: Routledge.
    In December 2013, the Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP) filed a petition for a common law writ of habeas corpus in the New York State Supreme Court on behalf of Tommy, a chimpanzee living alone in a cage in a shed in rural New York (Barlow, 2017). Under animal welfare laws, Tommy’s owners, the Laverys, were doing nothing illegal by keeping him in those conditions. Nonetheless, the NhRP argued that given the cognitive, social, and emotional capacities of chimpanzees, Tommy’s confinement constituted (...)
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  26.  12
    Impact of Migration, Environment and Socioeconomic Conditions on the Physique of Sikhs.L. P. Singh & G. A. Harrison - 1996 - Journal of Biosocial Science 28 (1):101-116.
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  27.  20
    Age Differences Among Women in the Functional Asymmetry for Bias in Facial Affect Perception.L. S. Billings, D. W. Harrison & J. D. Alden - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (4):317-320.
  28.  40
    Shadows of Complexity: What Biological Networks Reveal About Epistasis and Pleiotropy.Anna L. Tyler, Folkert W. Asselbergs, Scott M. Williams & Jason H. Moore - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (2):220-227.
  29. The Eroding Artificial/Natural Distinction: Some Consequences for Ecology and Economics.C. Tyler DesRoches, Stephen Andrew Inkpen & Thomas L. Green - 2019 - In Michiru Nagatsu & Attilia Ruzzene (eds.), Contemporary Philosophy and Social Science: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue. New York: pp. 39-57.
    Since Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962), historians and philosophers of science have paid increasing attention to the implications of disciplinarity. In this chapter we consider restrictions posed to interdisciplinary exchange between ecology and economics that result from a particular kind of commitment to the ideal of disciplinary purity, that is, that each discipline is defined by an appropriate, unique set of objects, methods, theories, and aims. We argue that, when it comes to the objects of study in (...)
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  30.  14
    Modeling the Instructional Effectiveness of Responsible Conduct of Research Education: A Meta-Analytic Path-Analysis.Logan L. Watts, Tyler J. Mulhearn, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Logan M. Steele, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2017 - Ethics and Behavior 27 (8):632-650.
    Predictive modeling in education draws on data from past courses to forecast the effectiveness of future courses. The present effort sought to identify such a model of instructional effectiveness in scientific ethics. Drawing on data from 235 courses in the responsible conduct of research, structural equation modeling techniques were used to test a predictive model of RCR course effectiveness. Fit statistics indicated the model fit the data well, with the instructional characteristics included in the model explaining approximately 85% of the (...)
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  31.  11
    Let's Not Miss the Forest for the Trees: A Reply to Montefinese and Vinson's Commentary on Vieth Et Al.Harrison E. Vieth, Katie L. McMahon & Greig I. de Zubicaray - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  32.  79
    Author’s Reply: Negligence and Normative Import.Katrina L. Sifferd & Tyler K. Fagan - 2022 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 22 (August):1-19.
    In this paper we attempt to reply to the thoughtful comments made on our book, Responsible Brains, by a stellar group of scholars. Our reply focuses on two topics discussed in the commenting papers: frst, the issue of responsibility for negligent behavior; and second, the broad claim that facts about brain function are normatively inert. In response to worries that our theory lacks normative implications, we will concentrate on an area where our theory has clear relevance to law and legal (...)
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  33.  15
    Peter Harrison, Ronald L. Numbers and Michael H. Shank , Wrestling with Nature: From Omens to Science. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press, 2011. Pp. X+416. ISBN 978-0-226-31783-0. £22.50. [REVIEW]David Beck - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (2):282-283.
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  34.  25
    Peter Harrison, Ronald L. Numbers, and Michael H. Shank, Eds. Wrestling with Nature: From Omens to Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Pp. X+416. $35.00. [REVIEW]Marie Hicks - 2012 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (2):361-364.
  35.  1
    Peter Harrison. The Territories of Science and Religion. Xiii + 300 Pp., Illus., Figs., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2015. $30. [REVIEW]Mogens Lærke - 2016 - Isis 107 (3):613-614.
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  36.  7
    Ralph Tyler Flewelling 1871-1960.Herbert L. Searles - 1961 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 35:106 - 107.
  37. Andrew Harrison, Ed., Philosophy and the Visual Arts: Seeing and Abstracting Reviewed By.Susan L. Feagin - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8 (8):304-306.
     
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  38.  16
    Corporate Social Performance and Economic Cycles.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Shawn L. Berman - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (2):279-294.
    Do firms respond to changes in economic growth by altering their corporate social responsibility programs? If they do respond, are their responses simply neglect of areas associated with corporate social performance or do they also cut back on positive programs such as profit sharing, public/private housing programs, or charitable contributions? In this paper, we argue that because CSP-related actions and programs tend to be discretionary, they are likely to receive less attention during tough economic times, a result of cost-cutting efforts. (...)
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  39.  82
    Victor Frankenstein’s Institutional Review Board Proposal, 1790.Gary Harrison & William L. Gannon - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1139-1157.
    To show how the case of Mary Shelley’s Victor Frankenstein brings light to the ethical and moral issues raised in Institutional Review Board protocols, we nest an imaginary IRB proposal dated August 1790 by Victor Frankenstein within a discussion of the importance and function of the IRB. Considering the world of science as would have appeared in 1790 when Victor was a student at Ingolstadt, we offer a schematic overview of a fecund moment when advances in comparative anatomy, medical experimentation (...)
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  40.  15
    Neuroanatomical Substrates for the Volitional Regulation of Heart Rate.Catherine L. Jones, Ludovico Minati, Yoko Nagai, Nick Medford, Neil A. Harrison, Marcus Gray, Jamie Ward & Hugo D. Critchley - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  41. Partially-Ordered Modalities.Gerard Allwein & William L. Harrison - 2010 - In Marcus Kracht, Maarten de Rijke, Heinrich Wansing & Michael Zakharyaschev (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic. CSLI Publications. pp. 1-21.
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  42.  4
    Partially-Ordered Modalities.Gerard Allwein & William L. Harrison - 2010 - In Lev Beklemishev, Valentin Goranko & Valentin Shehtman (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 8. CSLI Publications. pp. 1-21.
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  43. Juvenile Self-Control and Legal Responsibility: Building a Scalar Standard.Katrina L. Sifferd, Tyler Fagan & William Hirstein - 2020 - In Alfred Mele (ed.), Surrounding Self-Control.
    US criminal courts have recently moved toward seeing juveniles as inherently less culpable than their adult counterparts, influenced by a growing mass of neuroscientific and psychological evidence. In support of this trend, this chapter argues that the criminal law’s notion of responsible agency requires both the cognitive capacity to understand one’s actions and the volitional control to conform one’s actions to legal standards. These capacities require, among other things, a minimal working set of executive functions—a suite of mental processes, mainly (...)
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  44. Heidegger: A Critical Reader.Hubert L. Dreyfus & Harrison Hall - 1995 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 57 (1):153-154.
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  45. Book Review: The Epistle to the Romans. [REVIEW]Ronald L. Tyler - 1990 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 44 (3):315-316.
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  46.  69
    On G. E. Moore’s View of Hedonistic Utilitarianism.C. L. Sheng & Harrison F. Lee - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:277-287.
    At Moore’s time, the main-stream ethical theory is the doctrine that pleasure alone is good as an end as held by the hedonistic utilitarianism. Moore, however, asserts that good, not composed of any parts, is a simple notion and indefinable, and naturalistic ethical theories, in particular hedonistic utilitarianism, interpret intrinsic good as a property of a single natural object---pleasure, which is also the sole end of life, thus violates naturalistic fallacy. Moore seems to believe that there exist things other than (...)
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  47.  12
    De La Genière Ed. Les clients de la céramique grecque. Actes du colloque de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris, 30–31 janvier 2004 . Paris: Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 2006. Pp. 253, illus. €90. 782877541770. [REVIEW]Tyler Jo Smith - 2010 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 130:269-270.
  48.  9
    La Religion de la Science Et de l'Esprit Pur.Charles Mellen Tyler - 1899 - Philosophical Review 8 (1):94-95.
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  49.  63
    Pour Mieux Comprendre l'Antiquité Classique. Histoire Et Méthode Historique—Pédagogie—Linguistique. [REVIEW]E. Harrison - 1938 - The Classical Review 52 (1):43-43.
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  50.  28
    Pretrial Detention and Moral Agency.Katrina L. Sifferd & Tyler K. Fagan - 2018 - In David Boonin (ed.), Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag. pp. 11-23.
    In this chapter we explore the ethical justifications for criminal detentions prior to adjudication. Because defending pretrial detentions cannot be justified on purely forward-looking grounds, any plausible justification for pre-conviction detention must be partly backward-looking. Reflecting on the aims of the criminal law more broadly suggests that pretrial detentions, like post-conviction detentions, may be justified on “hybrid” grounds—but only if certain backward-looking retributive criteria and forward-looking instrumental criteria are met. We conclude that while it is possible in principle to justify (...)
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