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U. Schild [5]Uri Schild [3]Uri J. Schild [2]Ulrike Schild [2]
  1.  37
    How space-number associations may be created in preliterate children: six distinct mechanisms.Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Katarzyna Patro, Ulrike Cress, Ulrike Schild, Claudia K. Friedrich & Silke M. Göbel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  2. Analysis of the Talmudic Argumentum A Fortiori Inference Rule using Matrix Abduction.M. Abraham, Dov M. Gabbay & U. Schild - 2009 - Studia Logica 92 (3):281-364.
    We motivate and introduce a new method of abduction, Matrix Abduction, and apply it to modelling the use of non-deductive inferences in the Talmud such as Analogy and the rule of Argumentum A Fortiori. Given a matrix with entries in {0,1}, we allow for one or more blank squares in the matrix, say $a_{i,j} =?.$ The method allows us to decide whether to declare $a_{i,j} = 0$ or $a_{i,j} = 1$ or $a_{i,j} =?$ undecided. This algorithmic method is then applied (...)
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  3.  75
    Obligations and prohibitions in Talmudic deontic logic.M. Abraham, D. M. Gabbay & U. Schild - 2011 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (2-3):117-148.
    This paper examines the deontic logic of the Talmud. We shall find, by looking at examples, that at first approximation we need deontic logic with several connectives: O T A Talmudic obligation F T A Talmudic prohibition F D A Standard deontic prohibition O D A Standard deontic obligation. In classical logic one would have expected that deontic obligation O D is definable by $O_DA \equiv F_D\neg A$ and that O T and F T are connected by $O_TA \equiv F_T\neg (...)
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  4.  40
    The Talmudic Logic Project, Ongoing Since 2008.Dov M. Gabbay, Uri Schild & Esther David - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (4):425-442.
    We describe the state of the Talmudic Logic project as of end of 2019. The Talmud is the most comprehensive and fundamental work of Jewish religious law, employing a large number of logical components centuries ahead of their time. In many cases the basic principles are not explicitly formulated, which makes it difficult to formalize and make available to the modern student of Logic. This project on Talmudic Logic, aims to present logical analysis of Talmudic reasoning using modern logical tools. (...)
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  5.  25
    Future determination of entities in Talmudic public announcement logic.M. Abraham, I. Belfer, D. M. Gabbay & U. Schild - 2013 - Journal of Applied Logic 11 (1):63-90.
  6.  56
    Contrary to time conditionals in Talmudic logic.M. Abraham, D. M. Gabbay & U. Schild - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (2):145-179.
    We consider conditionals of the form A ⇒ B where A depends on the future and B on the present and past. We examine models for such conditional arising in Talmudic legal cases. We call such conditionals contrary to time conditionals.Three main aspects will be investigated: Inverse causality from future to past, where a future condition can influence a legal event in the past (this is a man made causality).Comparison with similar features in modern law.New types of temporal logics arising (...)
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  7. Decision support for criminal sentencing.U. Schild - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 6 (4):151-202.
  8.  53
    Modeling the Evolution of Legal Discretion. An Artificial Intelligence Approach.Ruth Kannai, Uri Schild & John Zeleznikow - 2007 - Ratio Juris 20 (4):530-558.
    Much legal research focuses on understanding how judicial decision-makers exercise their discretion. In this paper we examine the notion of legal or judicial discretion, and weaker and stronger forms of discretion. At all times our goal is to build cognitive models of the exercise of discretion, with a view to building computer software to model and primarily support decision-making. We observe that discretionary decision-making can best be modeled using three independent axes: bounded and unbounded, defined and undefined, and binary and (...)
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  9.  8
    A Finger-Based Numerical Training Failed to Improve Arithmetic Skills in Kindergarten Children Beyond Effects of an Active Non-numerical Control Training.Ulrike Schild, Anne Bauch & Hans-Christoph Nuerk - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  10.  59
    Intelligent Computer Evaluation of Offender’s Previous Record.Uri J. Schild & Ruth Kannai - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 13 (3-4):373-405.
    This paper considers the problem of how to evaluate an offender’s criminal record. This evaluation is part of the sentencing process carried out by a judge, and may be complicated in the case of offenders with a heavy record. We give a comprehensive overview of the approach to an offender’s past record in various (Western) countries, considering the two major approaches: desert-based and utilitarian. The paper describes the determination of the parameters involved in the evaluation, and the construction of a (...)
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  11.  44
    Logical Analysis of the Talmudic Rules of General and Specific (Klalim-u-Pratim).Michael Abraham, Dov M. Gabbay, Gabriel Hazut, Yosef E. Maruvka & Uri Schild - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (1):47-62.
    This article deals with a set-theoretic interpretation of the Talmudic rules of General and Specific, known as Klal and Prat (KP), Prat and Klal (PK), Klal and Prat and Klal (KPK) and Prat and Klal and Prat (PKP).
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  12.  7
    Pragmatic Studies in Judaism.Andrew Schumann, Aviram Ravitsky, Lenn E. Goodman, Furio Biagini, Alan Mittleman, Uri J. Schild, Michael Abraham, Dov Gabbay, Peter Ochs, Yuval Jobani & Tzvee Zahavy (eds.) - 2013 - Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press.
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