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  1.  76
    AI4People—an Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations.Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Monica Beltrametti, Raja Chatila, Patrice Chazerand, Virginia Dignum, Christoph Luetge, Robert Madelin, Ugo Pagallo, Francesca Rossi, Burkhard Schafer, Peggy Valcke & Effy Vayena - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):689-707.
    This article reports the findings of AI4People, an Atomium—EISMD initiative designed to lay the foundations for a “Good AI Society”. We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations—to assess, to develop, to incentivise, and to support good AI—which in some cases may be undertaken directly by national or supranational policy makers, while in others may be led by other (...)
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  2.  29
    Key ethical challenges in the European Medical Information Framework.Luciano Floridi, Christoph Luetge, Ugo Pagallo, Burkhard Schafer, Peggy Valcke, Effy Vayena, Janet Addison, Nigel Hughes, Nathan Lea, Caroline Sage, Bart Vannieuwenhuyse & Dipak Kalra - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (3):355-371.
    The European Medical Information Framework project, funded through the IMI programme, has designed and implemented a federated platform to connect health data from a variety of sources across Europe, to facilitate large scale clinical and life sciences research. It enables approved users to analyse securely multiple, diverse, data via a single portal, thereby mediating research opportunities across a large quantity of research data. EMIF developed a code of practice to ensure the privacy protection of data subjects, protect the interests of (...)
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  3.  18
    Algo-Rhythms and the Beat of the Legal Drum.Ugo Pagallo - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (4):507-524.
    The paper focuses on concerns and legal challenges brought on by the use of algorithms. A particular class of algorithms that augment or replace analysis and decision-making by humans, i.e. data analytics and machine learning, is under scrutiny. Taking into account Balkin’s work on “the laws of an algorithmic society”, attention is drawn to obligations of transparency, matters of due process, and accountability. This US-centric analysis on drawbacks and loopholes of current legal systems is complemented with the analysis of norms (...)
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  4.  60
    When Morals Ain’T Enough: Robots, Ethics, and the Rules of the Law.Ugo Pagallo - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (4):625-638.
    No single moral theory can instruct us as to whether and to what extent we are confronted with legal loopholes, e.g. whether or not new legal rules should be added to the system in the criminal law field. This question on the primary rules of the law appears crucial for today’s debate on roboethics and still, goes beyond the expertise of robo-ethicists. On the other hand, attention should be drawn to the secondary rules of the law: The unpredictability of robotic (...)
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  5.  91
    Killers, Fridges, and Slaves: A Legal Journey in Robotics. [REVIEW]Ugo Pagallo - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (4):347-354.
    This paper adopts a legal perspective to counter some exaggerations of today’s debate on the social understanding of robotics. According to a long and well-established tradition, there is in fact a relative strong consensus among lawyers about some key notions as, say, agency and liability in the current use of robots. However, dealing with a field in rapid evolution, we need to rethink some basic tenets of the contemporary legal framework. In particular, time has come for lawyers to acknowledge that (...)
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  6.  71
    Online Security and the Protection of Civil Rights: A Legal Overview. [REVIEW]Ugo Pagallo - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (4):381-395.
    The paper examines the connection between online security and the protection of civil rights from a legal viewpoint, that is, considering the different types of rights and interests that are at stake in national and international law and whether, and to what extent, they concern matters of balancing. Over the past years, the purpose of several laws, and legislative drafts such as ACTA, has been to impose “zero-sum games”. In light of current statutes, such as HADOPI in France, or Digital (...)
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  7.  14
    The Design of GDPR-Abiding Drones Through Flight Operation Maps: A Win–Win Approach to Data Protection, Aerospace Engineering, and Risk Management.Eleonora Bassi, Nicoletta Bloise, Jacopo Dirutigliano, Gian Piero Fici, Ugo Pagallo, Stefano Primatesta & Fulvia Quagliotti - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (4):579-601.
    Risk management is a well-known method to face technological challenges through a win–win combination of protective and proactive approaches, fostering the collaboration of operators, researchers, regulators, and industries for the exploitation of new markets. In the field of autonomous and unmanned aerial systems, or UAS, a considerable amount of work has been devoted to risk analysis, the generation of ground risk maps, and ground risk assessment by estimating the fatality rate. The paper aims to expand this approach with a tool (...)
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  8.  9
    The Design of GDPR-Abiding Drones Through Flight Operation Maps: A Win–Win Approach to Data Protection, Aerospace Engineering, and Risk Management.Eleonora Bassi, Nicoletta Bloise, Jacopo Dirutigliano, Gian Piero Fici, Ugo Pagallo, Stefano Primatesta & Fulvia Quagliotti - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (4):579-601.
    Risk management is a well-known method to face technological challenges through a win–win combination of protective and proactive approaches, fostering the collaboration of operators, researchers, regulators, and industries for the exploitation of new markets. In the field of autonomous and unmanned aerial systems, or UAS, a considerable amount of work has been devoted to risk analysis, the generation of ground risk maps, and ground risk assessment by estimating the fatality rate. The paper aims to expand this approach with a tool (...)
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  9.  8
    The Design of GDPR-Abiding Drones Through Flight Operation Maps: A Win–Win Approach to Data Protection, Aerospace Engineering, and Risk Management.Eleonora Bassi, Nicoletta Bloise, Jacopo Dirutigliano, Gian Piero Fici, Ugo Pagallo, Stefano Primatesta & Fulvia Quagliotti - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (4):579-601.
    Risk management is a well-known method to face technological challenges through a win–win combination of protective and proactive approaches, fostering the collaboration of operators, researchers, regulators, and industries for the exploitation of new markets. In the field of autonomous and unmanned aerial systems, or UAS, a considerable amount of work has been devoted to risk analysis, the generation of ground risk maps, and ground risk assessment by estimating the fatality rate. The paper aims to expand this approach with a tool (...)
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  10.  73
    Robotrust and Legal Responsibility.Ugo Pagallo - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3):367-379.
    The paper examines some aspects of today’s debate on trust and e-trust and, more specifically, issues of legal responsibility for the production and use of robots. Their impact on human-to-human interaction has produced new problems both in the fields of contractual and extra-contractual liability in that robots negotiate, enter into contracts, establish rights and obligations between humans, while reshaping matters of responsibility and risk in trust relations. Whether or not robotrust concerns human-to-robot or even robot-to-robot relations, there is a new (...)
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  11.  49
    ISPs & Rowdy Web Sites Before the Law: Should We Change Today’s Safe Harbour Clauses?Ugo Pagallo - 2011 - Philosophy and Technology 24 (4):419-436.
    The paper examines today’s debate on the new responsibilities of Internet service providers in connection with legal problems concerning jurisdiction, data processing, people’s privacy and education. The focus is foremost on the default rules and safe harbour clauses for ISPs liability, set up by the US and European legal systems. This framework is deepened in light of the different functions of the services provided on the Internet so as to highlight multiple levels of control over information and, correspondingly, different types (...)
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  12. Robots of Just War: A Legal Perspective.Ugo Pagallo - 2011 - Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):307-323.
    In order to present a hopefully comprehensive framework of what is the stake of the growing use of robot soldiers, the paper focuses on: the different impact of robots on legal systems, e.g., contractual obligations and tort liability; how robots affect crucial notions as causality, predictability and human culpability in criminal law and, finally, specific hypotheses of robots employed in “just wars.” By using the traditional distinction between causes that make wars just and conduct admissible on the battlefield, the aim (...)
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  13.  13
    Three Roads to P2P Systems and Their Impact on Business Practices and Ethics.Ugo Pagallo & Massimo Durante - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S4):551 - 564.
    This article examines some of the most relevant issues concerning P2P systems so as to take sides in today's strongly polarized debate. The idea is to integrate a context-based perspective with an ontological representation of informational norms; thanks to a procedural outlook which is presented in terms of burden of proof More particularly, we examine three ''roads." First, the topological approach to complex social networks allows us to comprehend the laws according to which information is distributed through P2P systems and (...)
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  14.  12
    Plato’s Daoism and the Tübingen School.Ugo Pagallo - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (4):597–613.
  15. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Giuseppe Capograssi.Ugo Pagallo - 1994 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia Del Diritto 71 (3):452-461.
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  16.  8
    A New “Ring of Gyges” and the Meaning of Invisibility in the Information Revolution.Ugo Pagallo - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (4):364-376.
  17.  26
    Bacon, Hobbes and the Homo Homini Deus Formula.Ugo Pagallo - 1998 - Hobbes Studies 11 (1):61-69.
  18.  16
    Bacon, Hobbes and the Aphorisms at Chatsworth House.Ugo Pagallo - 1996 - Hobbes Studies 9 (1):21-31.
    In my research published last year, i.e. Homo homini deus. Per un'introduzione al pensiero giuridico di Francis Bacon, I have analytically presented the Aphorismi de Jure gentium maiore sive de fontibus justiciae et iuris and I have closely studied the relationship between the legal and political philosophy of the Lord Chancellor and the civil science of Thomas Hobbes1. In the present essay I will try to summarize some of the main reasons why I think that manuscript of Chatsworth House, discovered (...)
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  19.  33
    Cyber Force and the Role of Sovereign States in Informational Warfare.Ugo Pagallo - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (3):407-425.
    The use of cyber force can be as severe and disruptive as traditional armed attacks are. Cyber attacks may neither provoke physical injuries nor cause property damages and still, they can affect essential functions of today’s societies, such as governmental services, business processes or communication systems that progressively depend on information as a vital resource. Whereas several scholars claim that an international treaty, much as new forms of international cooperation, are necessary, a further challenge should be stressed: authors of cyber (...)
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  20.  3
    Plato’s Daoism and the Tübingen School.Ugo Pagallo - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (4):597-613.
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  21.  4
    The Challenges of Digital Democracy, and How to Tackle Them in the Information Era.Ugo Pagallo - 2019 - In Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso & Don Berkich (eds.), On the Cognitive, Ethical, and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence. Springer Verlag. pp. 385-393.
    Scholars examine legal hard cases either in the name of justice, or in accordance with the principle of tolerance. In the case of justice, scholars aim to determine the purposes that all the norms of the system are envisaged to fulfil. In the second case, tolerance is conceived as the right kind of foundational principle for the design of the right kinds of norms in the information era, because such norms have to operate across a number of different cultures, societies (...)
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  22.  7
    The Governance of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS): Aviation Law, Human Rights, and the Free Movement of Data in the EU.Ugo Pagallo & Eleonora Bassi - 2020 - Minds and Machines 30 (3):439-455.
    The paper deals with the governance of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in European law. Three different kinds of balance have been struck between multiple regulatory systems, in accordance with the sector of the governance of UAS which is taken into account. The first model regards the field of civil aviation law and its European Union ’s regulation: the model looks like a traditional mix of top-down regulation and soft law. The second model concerns the EU general data protection law, the GDPR, (...)
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  23.  11
    The Realignment of the Sources of the Law and Their Meaning in an Information Society.Ugo Pagallo - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):57-73.
    The paper examines the realignment of the legal sources in an information society, by considering first of all the differences with the previous system of sources, dubbed as the “Westphalian model”. The current system is tripartite, rather than bipartite, for the sources of transnational law should be added to the traditional dichotomy between national and international law. In addition, the system is dualistic, rather than monistic, because the tools of legal constructivism, such as codes or statutes, have to be complemented (...)
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