Results for 'Ulrike Ossowski'

598 found
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  1.  7
    The Effects of Emotional Stimuli on Target Detection: Indirect and Direct Resource Costs.Ulrike Ossowski, Sanna Malinen & William S. Helton - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1649-1658.
    The present study was designed to explore the performance costs of negative emotional stimuli in a vigilance task. Forty participants performed a vigilance task in two conditions: one with task-irrelevant negative-arousing pictures and one with task-irrelevant neutral pictures. In addition to performance, we measured subjective state and frontal cerebral activity with near infrared spectroscopy. Overall performance in the negative picture condition was lower than in the neutral picture condition and the negative picture condition had elevated levels of energetic arousal, tense (...)
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  2.  19
    Ulrike Strate-Schneider: Einmischen - Mitmischen. Beiträge der Arbeitsstelle Sozial-, Kultur- Und Erziehungswissenschaftliche Frauenforschung. TU Berlin 1980 Bis 1992.Ulrike Ramming - 1994 - Die Philosophin 5 (10):113-114.
  3.  3
    Ulrike Strate-Schneider: Einmischen - Mitmischen. Beiträge der Arbeitsstelle Sozial-, Kultur- und Erziehungswissenschaftliche Frauenforschung. TU Berlin 1980 bis 1992.Ulrike Ramming - 1994 - Die Philosophin 5 (10):113-114.
  4.  13
    Rawls’s Original Position and Algorithmic Fairness.Ulrik Franke - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1803-1817.
    Modern society makes extensive use of automated algorithmic decisions, fueled by advances in artificial intelligence. However, since these systems are not perfect, questions about fairness are increasingly investigated in the literature. In particular, many authors take a Rawlsian approach to algorithmic fairness. This article aims to identify some complications with this approach: Under which circumstances can Rawls’s original position reasonably be applied to algorithmic fairness decisions? First, it is argued that there are important differences between Rawls’s original position and a (...)
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  5.  3
    Bruder Wernher: Sangsprüche: Transliteriert, Normalisiert, Übersetzt Und Kommentiert.Ulrike Zuckschwerdt - 2014 - De Gruyter.
    The 13th century poet Bruder Wernher is considered the successor of Walther von der Vogelweide in the history of Sangspruchdichtung. For many years, the only access to Wernher s Sangspruche was the complete edition published in 1904/5. The present edition has reedited Bruder Wernher s works in keeping with today s textual standards.".
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  6. Machineries for Making Publics: Inscribing and De-Scribing Publics in Public Engagement.Ulrike Felt & Maximilian Fochler - 2010 - Minerva 48 (3):219-238.
    This paper investigates the dynamic and performative construction of publics in public engagement exercises. In this investigation, we, on the one hand, analyse how public engagement settings as political machineries frame particular kinds of roles and identities for the participating publics in relation to ‘the public at large’. On the other hand, we study how the participating citizens appropriate, resist and transform these roles and identities, and how they construct themselves and the participating group in relation to wider publics. The (...)
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  7.  34
    Developmental Plasticity and Language: A Comparative Perspective.Ulrike Griebel, Irene M. Pepperberg & D. Kimbrough Oller - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):435-445.
    The growing field of evo-devo is increasingly demonstrating the complexity of steps involved in genetic, intracellular regulatory, and extracellular environmental control of the development of phenotypes. A key result of such work is an account for the remarkable plasticity of organismal form in many species based on relatively minor changes in regulation of highly conserved genes and genetic processes. Accounting for behavioral plasticity is of similar potential interest but has received far less attention. Of particular interest is plasticity in communication (...)
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  8.  39
    A Difference in Kind? Jürgen Habermas and Charles Taylor on Post-Secularism.Ulrike Spohn - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (2):120-135.
    In this essay I examine the debate between Jürgen Habermas and Charles Taylor on the post-secular state. I argue that, although their views on the relation of religion and politics converge in certain respects, a profound difference remains between their overall approaches. Their disagreement on the epistemic status of religious as opposed to secular moral reasons, and on the role religious arguments can play in the public sphere testify to a deeper schism. Thus what might at first seem like a (...)
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  9.  40
    A Probabilistic Model of Semantic Plausibility in Sentence Processing.Ulrike Padó, Matthew W. Crocker & Frank Keller - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (5):794-838.
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  10.  11
    The Value of Doubt: Humanities-Based Literacy in Management Education.Ulrike Landfester & Jörg Metelmann - 2020 - Humanistic Management Journal 5 (2):159-175.
    Our paper addresses the question of what exactly the contribution of the humanities to management education could or should be, suggesting the concept of Literacy as both this contribution’s goal and method. Though there seems to emerge a consensus in the debate about the future of management education that the humanities should be involved with shaping it, some misconceptions about the humanities obscure the understanding of the why and how of it, most notably as to the manner in which they (...)
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  11.  7
    Negotiating the Reuse of Health-Data: Research, Big Data, and the European General Data Protection Regulation.Ulrike Felt & Johannes Starkbaum - 2019 - Big Data and Society 6 (2).
    Before the EU General Data Protection Regulation entered into force in May 2018, we witnessed an intense struggle of actors associated with data-dependent fields of science, in particular health-related academia and biobanks striving for legal derogations for data reuse in research. These actors engaged in a similar line of argument and formed issue alliances to pool their collective power. Using descriptive coding followed by an interpretive analysis, this article investigates the argumentative repertoire of these actors and embeds the analysis in (...)
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  12.  27
    The Rationality of Informal Argumentation: A Bayesian Approach to Reasoning Fallacies.Ulrike Hahn & Mike Oaksford - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (3):704-732.
  13. Stanisław Ossowski o demokracji: „Ku nowym formom życia społecznego” raz jeszcze.Krzysztof Sztalt - 2002 - Colloquia Communia 73 (2):445-454.
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  14.  14
    Depression and Rumination: Relation to Components of Inhibition.Ulrike Zetsche, Catherine D'Avanzato & Jutta Joormann - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):758-767.
  15.  23
    How Communication Can Make Voters Choose Less Well.Ulrike Hahn, Momme von Sydow & Christoph Merdes - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):194-206.
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  16.  61
    A Normative Framework for Argument Quality: Argumentation Schemes with a Bayesian Foundation.Ulrike Hahn & Jos Hornikx - 2016 - Synthese 193 (6):1833-1873.
    In this paper, it is argued that the most fruitful approach to developing normative models of argument quality is one that combines the argumentation scheme approach with Bayesian argumentation. Three sample argumentation schemes from the literature are discussed: the argument from sign, the argument from expert opinion, and the appeal to popular opinion. Limitations of the scheme-based treatment of these argument forms are identified and it is shown how a Bayesian perspective may help to overcome these. At the same time, (...)
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  17. A Bayesian Approach to Informal Argument Fallacies.Ulrike Hahn & Mike Oaksford - 2006 - Synthese 152 (2):207-236.
    We examine in detail three classic reasoning fallacies, that is, supposedly ``incorrect'' forms of argument. These are the so-called argumentam ad ignorantiam, the circular argument or petitio principii, and the slippery slope argument. In each case, the argument type is shown to match structurally arguments which are widely accepted. This suggests that it is not the form of the arguments as such that is problematic but rather something about the content of those examples with which they are typically justified. This (...)
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  18.  22
    Beate Ulrike La Sala: Hermann Cohens Spinoza-Rezeption, Freiburg/München: Verlag Karl Alber 2012, 338 S.Martin Arndt - 2014 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 66 (2):191-192.
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  19.  12
    Social Support as a Mediator for Musical Achievement.Roman Ossowski & Anna Antonina Nogaj - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (2):300-308.
    This article focuses on the issue of social support received by students of music schools in the context of their musical achievements. The theoretical part of this article contains the characteristics of factors related to the musical achievements of students; the support they receive from their environment is essential for their success in the process of musical education and their subsequent artistic career, in addition to their musical abilities and traits of personality. The research part is devoted to detailed analysis (...)
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  20. Argument Content and Argument Source: An Exploration.Ulrike Hahn, Adam J. L. Harris & Adam Corner - 2009 - Informal Logic 29 (4):337-367.
    Argumentation is pervasive in everyday life. Understanding what makes a strong argument is therefore of both theoretical and practical interest. One factor that seems intuitively important to the strength of an argument is the reliability of the source providing it. Whilst traditional approaches to argument evaluation are silent on this issue, the Bayesian approach to argumentation (Hahn & Oaksford, 2007) is able to capture important aspects of source reliability. In particular, the Bayesian approach predicts that argument content and source reliability (...)
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  21.  21
    Truth tracking performance of social networks: how connectivity and clustering can make groups less competent.Ulrike Hahn, Jens Ulrik Hansen & Erik J. Olsson - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1511-1541.
    Our beliefs and opinions are shaped by others, making our social networks crucial in determining what we believe to be true. Sometimes this is for the good because our peers help us form a more accurate opinion. Sometimes it is for the worse because we are led astray. In this context, we address via agent-based computer simulations the extent to which patterns of connectivity within our social networks affect the likelihood that initially undecided agents in a network converge on a (...)
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  22.  65
    Ulrike Kistner and Philippe Van Haute: Violence, Slavery and Freedom Between Hegel and Fanon, Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2020, 168 Pp., ISBN 978-1-77,614-623-9, ISBN 978-1-77,614-627-7. [REVIEW]Cara S. Greene - 2022 - Continental Philosophy Review 55 (1):133-136.
    Violence, Slavery and Freedom between Hegel and Fanon is a volume of secondary literature that dispels common misconceptions about the relationship between Hegelian and Fanonian philosophy, and sheds new light on the connections and divergences between the two thinkers. By engaging in close textual analyses of both Hegel and Fanon, the chapters in this volume disambiguate the philosophical relation between Sartre and Fanon, scrutinize the conflation of Self-Consciousness in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit and subjectivity in Hegel’s Lectures on the Philosophy (...)
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  23.  3
    Challenging Diversity: Steering Effects of Buzzwords in Projectified Health Care.Ulrike Felt, Kay Felder & Michael Penkler - 2020 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 45 (1):138-163.
    This article discusses the effects of two trends in contemporary biomedicine that have so far been largely addressed separately: the steering of fields through programmatic “buzzwords” and the projectified nature of contemporary health research, care, and promotion. Drawing on a case study of an Austrian diversity-sensitive health promotion project related to obesity prevention, we show how the articulation of these trends—governance by buzzwords and projectification—often leads to not unproblematic and often paradoxical outcomes. Buzzwords such as “diversity” become especially important in (...)
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  24.  22
    How Good Is Your Evidence and How Would You Know?Ulrike Hahn, Christoph Merdes & Momme von Sydow - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (4):660-678.
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  25.  61
    Public Reception of Climate Science: Coherence, Reliability, and Independence.Ulrike Hahn, Adam J. L. Harris & Adam Corner - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):180-195.
    Possible measures to mitigate climate change require global collective actions whose impacts will be felt by many, if not all. Implementing such actions requires successful communication of the reasons for them, and hence the underlying climate science, to a degree that far exceeds typical scientific issues which do not require large-scale societal response. Empirical studies have identified factors, such as the perceived level of consensus in scientific opinion and the perceived reliability of scientists, that can limit people's trust in science (...)
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  26. Reasons for Actions and Desires.Ulrike Heuer - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 121 (1):43–63.
    It is an assumption common to many theories of rationality that all practical reasons are based on a person's given desires. I shall call any approach to practical reasons which accepts this assumption a "Humean approach". In spite of many criticisms, the Humean approach has numerous followers who take it to be the natural and inevitable view of practical reason. I will develop an argument against the Humean view aiming to explain its appeal, as well as to expose its mistake. (...)
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  27.  19
    A Logic for Diffusion in Social Networks.Zoé Christoff & Jens Ulrik Hansen - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (1):48-77.
    This paper introduces a general logical framework for reasoning about diffusion processes within social networks. The new “Logic for Diffusion in Social Networks” is a dynamic extension of standard hybrid logic, allowing to model complex phenomena involving several properties of agents. We provide a complete axiomatization and a terminating and complete tableau system for this logic and show how to apply the framework to diffusion phenomena documented in social networks analysis.
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  28.  99
    The Burden of Proof and Its Role in Argumentation.Ulrike Hahn & Mike Oaksford - 2007 - Argumentation 21 (1):39-61.
    The notion of “the burden of proof” plays an important role in real-world argumentation contexts, in particular in law. It has also been given a central role in normative accounts of argumentation, and has been used to explain a range of classic argumentation fallacies. We argue that in law the goal is to make practical decisions whereas in critical discussion the goal is frequently simply to increase or decrease degree of belief in a proposition. In the latter case, it is (...)
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  29.  14
    Liberating the Cena.Ulrike Roth - 2016 - Classical Quarterly 66 (2):614-634.
    That the extraordinary narrative experiment known as theSatyriconhas regularly stimulated scholarly investigation into the relationship between status and freedom is not surprising for a work, the longest surviving section of which features an excessive dinner party at the house of alibertus. Much of the discussion has concentrated on the depiction of the dinner's host and his freedmen friends. Following the lead of F. Zeitlin and others in seeing the depiction of a ‘freedmen's milieu’ in theCena, J. Bodel argued in a (...)
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  30. Normative Theories of Argumentation: Are Some Norms Better Than Others?Adam Corner & Ulrike Hahn - 2013 - Synthese 190 (16):3579-3610.
    Norms—that is, specifications of what we ought to do—play a critical role in the study of informal argumentation, as they do in studies of judgment, decision-making and reasoning more generally. Specifically, they guide a recurring theme: are people rational? Though rules and standards have been central to the study of reasoning, and behavior more generally, there has been little discussion within psychology about why (or indeed if) they should be considered normative despite the considerable philosophical literature that bears on this (...)
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  31. Reasons and Impossibility.Ulrike Heuer - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (2):235 - 246.
    In this paper, I argue that a person can have a reason to do what she cannot do. In a nutshell, the argument is that a person can have derivate reasons relating to an action that she has a non-derivative reason to perform. There are clear examples of derivative reasons that a person has in cases where she cannot do what she (non-derivatively) has reason to do. She couldn’t have those derivative reasons, unless she also had the non-derivative reason to (...)
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  32.  59
    Causal Inference in Perception.Ladan Shams & Ulrik R. Beierholm - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (9):425-432.
  33. Propedeutyka filozofii.Stanisław Ossowski - 1996 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 20 (4):147-172.
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  34. Stanisław Ossowski (1897-1963) o pojęciu znaku oraz języku nauki, języku poezji i języku mistyki.Jerzy Pelc - 1998 - Studia Semiotyczne 21:293-295.
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  35.  21
    The Bayesian Boom: Good Thing or Bad?Ulrike Hahn - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  36.  21
    The Rise of the "Global Social": Origins and Transformations of Social Rights Under UN Human Rights Law.Ulrike Davy - 2013 - International Journal of Social Quality 3 (2):41-59.
  37.  15
    Argument Quality in Real World Argumentation.Ulrike Hahn - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (5):363-374.
  38.  52
    Patientenverfügungen: Zwischenbericht der Enquetekommission Ethik und Recht der modernen Medizin des Deutschen Bundestages.Ulrike Riedel - 2005 - Ethik in der Medizin 17 (1):28-33.
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  39.  10
    War Demokrits Weltbild mechanistisch und antiteleologisch?Ulrike Hirsch - 1990 - Phronesis 35 (1):225-244.
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  40.  74
    A Normative Theory of Argument Strength.Ulrike Hahn & Mike Oaksford - 2006 - Informal Logic 26 (1):1-24.
    In this article, we argue for the general importance of normative theories of argument strength. We also provide some evidence based on our recent work on the fallacies as to why Bayesian probability might, in fact, be able to supply such an account. In the remainder of the article we discuss the general characteristics that make a specifically Bayesian approach desirable, and critically evaluate putative flaws of Bayesian probability that have been raised in the argumentation literature.
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  41. Causal Argument.Ulrike Hahn, Frank Zenker & Roland Bluhm - 2017 - In Michael R. Waldmann (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. 475-494.
    In this chapter, we outline the range of argument forms involving causation that can be found in everyday discourse. We also survey empirical work concerned with the generation and evaluation of such arguments. This survey makes clear that there is presently no unified body of research concerned with causal argument. We highlight the benefits of a unified treatment both for those interested in causal cognition and those interested in argumentation, and identify the key challenges that must be met for a (...)
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  42.  49
    Vocal Development as a Guide to Modeling the Evolution of Language.D. Kimbrough Oller, Ulrike Griebel & Anne S. Warlaumont - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):382-392.
    Modeling of evolution and development of language has principally utilized mature units of spoken language, phonemes and words, as both targets and inputs. This approach cannot address the earliest phases of development because young infants are unable to produce such language features. We argue that units of early vocal development—protophones and their primitive illocutionary/perlocutionary forces—should be targeted in evolutionary modeling because they suggest likely units of hominin vocalization/communication shortly after the split from the chimpanzee/bonobo lineage, and because early development of (...)
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  43.  9
    Ulrike May. Freud at Work: On the History of Psychoanalytic Theory and Practice, with an Analysis of Freud’s Patient Record Books. Translated by Daniela Haller, Bettina Mathes, Michael Molnar, Philip Slotkin, and Deirdre Winter. Xxvii + 366 Pp., Bibl., Index. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2018. £35.99 . ISBN 9781782205012. [REVIEW]Andreas Mayer - 2019 - Isis 110 (4):847-848.
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  44.  15
    “Making Meaning”: Communication Between Sign Language Users Without a Shared Language.Ulrike Zeshan - 2015 - Cognitive Linguistics 26 (2):211-260.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Cognitive Linguistics Jahrgang: 26 Heft: 2 Seiten: 211-260.
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  45.  6
    Language Origins Viewed in Spontaneous and Interactive Vocal Rates of Human and Bonobo Infants.D. Kimbrough Oller, Ulrike Griebel, Suneeti Nathani Iyer, Yuna Jhang, Anne S. Warlaumont, Rick Dale & Josep Call - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    From the first months of life, human infants produce “protophones,” speech-like, non-cry sounds, presumed absent, or only minimally present in other apes. But there have been no direct quantitative comparisons to support this presumption. In addition, by 2 months, human infants show sustained face-to-face interaction using protophones, a pattern thought also absent or very limited in other apes, but again, without quantitative comparison. Such comparison should provide evidence relevant to determining foundations of language, since substantially flexible vocalization, the inclination to (...)
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  46.  18
    “Ernährung und Medizin”. Berichtüber das 21. Stuttgarter Fortbildungsseminar des Instituts für Geschichte der Medizin der Robert Bosch Stiftung vom 25. bis 27.?April 2002 in Stuttgart. [REVIEW]Ulrike Thoms - 2003 - Berichte Zur Wissenschafts-Geschichte 26 (4):299-300.
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  47. Ethical Considerations Regarding the Use of Social Robots in the Fourth Age.Catrin Misselhorn, Ulrike Pompe & Mog Stapleton - 2013 - Geropsych 26 (2):121-133.
    The debate about the use of robots in the care of older adults has often been dominated by either overly optimistic visions (coming particularly from Japan), in which robots are seamlessly incorporated into society thereby enhancing quality of life for everyone; or by extremely pessimistic scenarios that paint such a future as horrifying. We reject this dichotomy and argue for a more differentiated ethical evaluation of the possibilities and risks involved with the use of social robots. In a critical discussion (...)
     
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  48. The Paradox of Deontology, Revisited.Ulrike Heuer - 2011 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  49.  40
    Source Reliability and the Conjunction Fallacy.Andreas Jarvstad & Ulrike Hahn - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (4):682-711.
  50.  22
    The Kind of Group You Want to Belong To: Effects of Group Structure on Group Accuracy.Martin Jönsson, Ulrike Hahn & Erik J. Olsson - 2015 - Cognition 142:191-204.
    There has been much interest in group judgment and the so-called 'wisdom of crowds'. In many real world contexts, members of groups not only share a dependence on external sources of information, but they also communicate with one another, thus introducing correlations among their responses that can diminish collective accuracy. This has long been known, but it has-to date-not been examined to what extent different kinds of communication networks may give rise to systematically different effects on accuracy. We argue that (...)
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