Results for 'Uri Pincas'

243 found
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  1.  62
    Program Verification and Functioning of Operative Computing Revisited: How About Mathematics Engineering? [REVIEW]Uri Pincas - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (2):337-359.
    The issue of proper functioning of operative computing and the utility of program verification, both in general and of specific methods, has been discussed a lot. In many of those discussions, attempts have been made to take mathematics as a model of knowledge and certitude achieving, and accordingly infer about the suitable ways to handle computing. I shortly review three approaches to the subject, and then take a stance by considering social factors which affect the epistemic status of both mathematics (...)
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  2.  25
    Life as a Meshwork of Selves. Interview with Uri Hershberg.Uri Hershberg, Jacek Seweryn Podgórski & Witold Wachowski - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (1):26-36.
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  3. Foundations for Mathematical Structuralism.Uri Nodelman & Edward N. Zalta - 2014 - Mind 123 (489):39-78.
    We investigate the form of mathematical structuralism that acknowledges the existence of structures and their distinctive structural elements. This form of structuralism has been subject to criticisms recently, and our view is that the problems raised are resolved by proper, mathematics-free theoretical foundations. Starting with an axiomatic theory of abstract objects, we identify a mathematical structure as an abstract object encoding the truths of a mathematical theory. From such foundations, we derive consequences that address the main questions and issues that (...)
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  4.  27
    P-Curve: A Key to the File-Drawer.Uri Simonsohn, Leif D. Nelson & Joseph P. Simmons - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):534-547.
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  5. Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics: Debunking and Dispensability.Uri D. Leibowitz & Neil Sinclair (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    How far should our realism extend? For many years philosophers of mathematics and philosophers of ethics have worked independently to address the question of how best to understand the entities apparently referred to by mathematical and ethical talk. But the similarities between their endeavours are not often emphasised. This book provides that emphasis. In particular, it focuses on two types of argumentative strategies that have been deployed in both areas. The first—debunking arguments—aims to put pressure on realism by emphasising the (...)
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  6. Brain-to-Brain Coupling: A Mechanism for Creating and Sharing a Social World.Uri Hasson, Asif A. Ghazanfar, Bruno Galantucci, Simon Garrod & Christian Keysers - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):114-121.
  7. Scientific Explanation and Moral Explanation.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2011 - Noûs 45 (3):472-503.
    Moral philosophers are, among other things, in the business of constructing moral theories. And moral theories are, among other things, supposed to explain moral phenomena. Consequently, one’s views about the nature of moral explanation will influence the kinds of moral theories one is willing to countenance. Many moral philosophers are (explicitly or implicitly) committed to a deductive model of explanation. As I see it, this commitment lies at the heart of the current debate between moral particularists and moral generalists. In (...)
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  8.  29
    Nature-Nuture Reconceptualized in Developmental Perspective: A Bioecological Model.Urie Bronfenbrenner & Stephen J. Ceci - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (4):568-586.
  9. Particularism in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (2):121-147.
    In this essay I offer a new particularist reading of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. I argue that the interpretation I present not only helps us to resolve some puzzles about Aristotle’s goals and methods, but it also gives rise to a novel account of morality—an account that is both interesting and plausible in its own right. The goal of this paper is, in part, exegetical—that is, to figure out how to best understand the text of the Nicomachean Ethics. But this paper (...)
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  10.  13
    Better P-Curves: Making P-Curve Analysis More Robust to Errors, Fraud, and Ambitious P-Hacking, a Reply to Ulrich and Miller.Uri Simonsohn, Joseph P. Simmons & Leif D. Nelson - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):1146-1152.
  11. A Defense of a Particularist Research Program.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2009 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (2):181-199.
    What makes some acts morally right and others morally wrong? Traditionally, philosophers have thought that in order to answer this question we must find and formulate exceptionless moral principles—principles that capture all and only morally right actions. Utilitarianism and Kantianism are paradigmatic examples of such attempts. In recent years, however, there has been a growing interest in a novel approach—Particularism—although its precise content is still a matter of controversy. In this paper I develop and motivate a new formulation of particularism (...)
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  12.  34
    Hierarchical Process Memory: Memory as an Integral Component of Information Processing.Uri Hasson, Janice Chen & Christopher J. Honey - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (6):304-313.
  13. Explaining Moral Knowledge.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (1):35-56.
    In this paper I assess the viability of a particularist explanation of moral knowledge. First, I consider two arguments by Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge that purport to show that a generalist, principle-based explanation of practical wisdom—understood as the ability to acquire moral knowledge in a wide range of situations—is superior to a particularist, non-principle-based account. I contend that both arguments are unsuccessful. Then, I propose a particularist-friendly explanation of knowledge of particular moral facts. I argue that when we are (...)
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  14. What is Friendship?Uri D. Leibowitz - 2018 - Disputatio 10 (49):97-117.
    The paper identifies a distinctive feature of friendship. Friendship, it is argued, is a relationship between two people in which each participant values the other and successfully communicates this fact to the other. This feature of friendship, it is claimed, explains why friendship plays a key role in human happiness, why it is praised by philosophers, poets, and novelists, and why we all seek friends. Although the characterization of friendship proposed here differs from other views in the literature, it is (...)
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  15.  39
    Reliability of Cortical Activity During Natural Stimulation.Uri Hasson, Rafael Malach & David J. Heeger - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):40-48.
  16. Thinking Like a Wolf, a Sheep, or a Firefly: Learning Biology Through Constructing and Testing Computational Theories.Uri Wilensky & Kenneth Reisman - 2006 - Cognition & Instruction 24 (2):171-209.
    Biological phenomena can be investigated at multiple levels, from the molecular to the cellular to the organismic to the ecological. In typical biology instruction, these levels have been segregated. Yet, it is by examining the connections between such levels that many phenomena in biology, and complex systems in general, are best explained. We describe a computation-based approach that enables students to investigate the connections between different biological levels. Using agent-based, embodied modeling tools, students model the microrules underlying a biological phenomenon (...)
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  17. Moral Advice and Moral Theory.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (3):349 - 359.
    Monists, pluralists, and particularists disagree about the structure of the best explanation of the rightness (wrongness) of actions. In this paper I argue that the availability of good moral advice gives us reason to prefer particularist theories and pluralist theories to monist theories. First, I identify two distinct roles of moral theorizing—explaining the rightness (wrongness) of actions, and providing moral advice—and I explain how these two roles are related. Next, I explain what monists, pluralists, and particularists disagree about. Finally, I (...)
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  18.  15
    Grounding the Neurobiology of Language in First Principles: The Necessity of Non-Language-Centric Explanations for Language Comprehension.Uri Hasson, Giovanna Egidi, Marco Marelli & Roel M. Willems - 2018 - Cognition 180:135-157.
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  19.  21
    Universal Computably Enumerable Equivalence Relations.Uri Andrews, Steffen Lempp, Joseph S. Miller, Keng Meng Ng, Luca San Mauro & Andrea Sorbi - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (1):60-88.
  20.  48
    Forcing Closed Unbounded Sets.Uri Abraham & Saharon Shelah - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (3):643-657.
    We discuss the problem of finding forcing posets which introduce closed unbounded subsets to a given stationary set.
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  21.  14
    Aronszajn Trees on ℵ2 and ℵ3.Uri Abraham - 1983 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 24 (3):213-230.
    Assuming the existence of a supercompact cardinal and a weakly compact cardinal above it, we provide a generic extension where there are no Aronszajn trees of height ω 2 or ω 3 . On the other hand we show that some large cardinal assumptions are necessary for such a consistency result.
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  22.  14
    On the Consistency of Some Partition Theorems for Continuous Colorings, and the Structure of ℵ1-Dense Real Order Types.Uri Abraham, Matatyahu Rubin & Saharon Shelah - 1985 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 29 (2):123-206.
    We present some techniques in c.c.c. forcing, and apply them to prove consistency results concerning the isomorphism and embeddability relations on the family of ℵ 1 -dense sets of real numbers. In this direction we continue the work of Baumgartner [2] who proved the axiom BA stating that every two ℵ 1 -dense subsets of R are isomorphic, is consistent. We e.g. prove Con). Let K H, be the set of order types of ℵ 1 -dense homogeneous subsets of R (...)
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  23.  31
    Reliability of Cortical Activity During Natural Stimulation.David J. Heeger Uri Hasson, Rafael Malach - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):40.
  24. Evolution and the Missing Link (in Debunking Arguments).Uri D. Leibowitz & Neil Sinclair - 2017 - In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Evolutionary Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    What are the consequences, for human moral practice, of an evolutionary understanding of that practice? By ‘moral practice’ we mean the way in which human beings think, talk and debate in moral terms. We suggest that the proper upshot of such considerations is moderate support for anti-realism in ethics.
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  25.  81
    The Immune System and Other Cognitive Systems.Uri Hershberg & Sol Efroni - 2001 - Complexity 6 (5):14-21.
    In the following pages we propose a theory on cognitive systems and the common strategies of perception, which are at the basis of their function. We demonstrate that these strategies are easily seen to be in place in known cognitive systems such as vision and language. Furthermore we show that taking these strategies into consideration implies a new outlook on immune function calling for a new appraisal of the immune system as a cognitive system.
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  26. Moral Deliberation and Ad Hominem Fallacies.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (5):507-529.
    Many of us read Peter Singer ’ s work on our obligations to those in desperate need with our students. Famously, Singer argues that we have a moral obligation to give a significant portion of our assets to famine relief. If my own experience is not atypical, it is quite common for students, upon grasping the implications of Singer ’ s argument, to ask whether Singer gives to famine relief. In response it might be tempting to remind students of the (...)
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  27.  22
    A Δ22 Well-Order of the Reals and Incompactness of L.Uri Abraham & Saharon Shelah - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 59 (1):1-32.
    A forcing poset of size 221 which adds no new reals is described and shown to provide a Δ22 definable well-order of the reals . The encoding of this well-order is obtained by playing with products of Aronszajn trees: some products are special while other are Suslin trees. The paper also deals with the Magidor–Malitz logic: it is consistent that this logic is highly noncompact.
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  28.  10
    On Isomorphism Classes of Computably Enumerable Equivalence Relations.Uri Andrews & Serikzhan A. Badaev - 2020 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 85 (1):61-86.
    We examine how degrees of computably enumerable equivalence relations under computable reduction break down into isomorphism classes. Two ceers are isomorphic if there is a computable permutation of ω which reduces one to the other. As a method of focusing on nontrivial differences in isomorphism classes, we give special attention to weakly precomplete ceers. For any degree, we consider the number of isomorphism types contained in the degree and the number of isomorphism types of weakly precomplete ceers contained in the (...)
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  29.  22
    Iconic Gestures, Imagery, and Word Retrieval in Speech.Uri Hadar & Brian Butterworth - 1997 - Semiotica 115 (1-2):147-172.
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  30.  30
    Emotions and Perceived Risks After the 2006 Israel–Lebanon War.Uri Benzion, Shosh Shahrabani & Tal Shavit - 2008 - Mind and Society 8 (1):21-41.
    The current study aims to examine how the intense emotions experienced by different Israeli groups during the 2006 Second Lebanon War affected their perceptions of risk. Two weeks after the end of the war, a questionnaire was distributed among 205 people. Some were from the north and had been directly affected by the rocket attacks; others were from the center of Israel. The questionnaires, based on Lerner et al., measured emotions and perceived risk. The results show significant differences between those (...)
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  31.  11
    Separable Models of Randomizations.Uri Andrews & H. Jerome Keisler - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (4):1149-1181.
  32.  10
    Definable Closure in Randomizations.Uri Andrews, Isaac Goldbring & H. Jerome Keisler - 2015 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 166 (3):325-341.
  33.  5
    Effective Inseparability, Lattices, and Preordering Relations.Uri Andrews & Andrea Sorbi - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-28.
    We study effectively inseparable prelattices $\wedge, \vee$ are binary computable operations; ${ \le _L}$ is a computably enumerable preordering relation, with $0{ \le _L}x{ \le _L}1$ for every x; the equivalence relation ${ \equiv _L}$ originated by ${ \le _L}$ is a congruence on L such that the corresponding quotient structure is a nontrivial bounded lattice; the ${ \equiv _L}$ -equivalence classes of 0 and 1 form an effectively inseparable pair of sets). Solving a problem in we show, that if (...)
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  34.  44
    National, Ethnic or Civic? Contesting Paradigms of Memory, Identity and Culture in Israel.Uri Ram - 2000 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 19 (5/6):405-422.
    Zionist national identity in Israel is today challenged by two mutuallyantagonistic alternatives: a liberal, secular, Post-Zionist civic identity, on the one hand, and ethnic, religious, Neo-Zionist nationalistic identity, on the other. The other, Zionist, hegemony contains an unsolvable tension between the national and the democratic facets of the state. The Post-Zionist trend seeks a relief of this tension by bracketing the nationalcharacter of the state, i.e., by separation of state and cultural community/ies; the Neo-Zionist trend seeks a relief of the (...)
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  35.  30
    The Hydroid Hydractinia: A Versatile, Informative Cnidarian Representative.Uri Frank, Thomas Leitz & Werner A. Müller - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (10):963-971.
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  36.  19
    Jumps of Computably Enumerable Equivalence Relations.Uri Andrews & Andrea Sorbi - 2018 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 169 (3):243-259.
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  37.  15
    A Δ< Sup> 2< Sub> 2 Well-Order of the Reals and Incompactness of< I> L(< I> QMM).Uri Abraham & Saharon Shelah - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 59 (1):1-32.
  38.  75
    Coding with Ladders a Well Ordering of the Reals.Uri Abraham & Saharon Shelah - 2002 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (2):579-597.
    Any model of ZFC + GCH has a generic extension (made with a poset of size ℵ 2 ) in which the following hold: MA + 2 ℵ 0 = ℵ 2 +there exists a Δ 2 1 -well ordering of the reals. The proof consists in iterating posets designed to change at will the guessing properties of ladder systems on ω 1 . Therefore, the study of such ladders is a main concern of this article.
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  39.  30
    Structuralist Approaches to Character in Narrative: The State of the Art.Uri Margolin - 1989 - Semiotica 75 (1-2):1-24.
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  40.  18
    On the Consistency of Some Partition Theorems for Continuous Colorings, and the Structure of ℵ 1 -Dense Real Order Types.J. Steprans, Uri Abraham, Matatyahu Rubin & Saharon Shelah - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):303.
    We present some techniques in c.c.c. forcing, and apply them to prove consistency results concerning the isomorphism and embeddability relations on the family of ℵ 1 -dense sets of real numbers. In this direction we continue the work of Baumgartner [2] who proved the axiom BA stating that every two ℵ 1 -dense subsets of R are isomorphic, is consistent. We e.g. prove Con). Let K H , be the set of order types of ℵ 1 -dense homogeneous subsets of (...)
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  41.  7
    Toward a Philosophy of Zen Buddhism.Marian Ury - 1981 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (2):234.
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  42.  23
    The State of the Nation: Contemporary Challenges to Zionism in Israel.Uri Ram - 1999 - Constellations 6 (3):325-338.
  43.  8
    Gesture, Speech, and Computational Stages: A Reply to McNeill.Brian Butterworth & Uri Hadar - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (1):168-174.
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  44.  22
    The Talmudic Logic Project, Ongoing Since 2008.Dov M. Gabbay, Uri Schild & Esther David - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (4):425-442.
    We describe the state of the Talmudic Logic project as of end of 2019. The Talmud is the most comprehensive and fundamental work of Jewish religious law, employing a large number of logical components centuries ahead of their time. In many cases the basic principles are not explicitly formulated, which makes it difficult to formalize and make available to the modern student of Logic. This project on Talmudic Logic, aims to present logical analysis of Talmudic reasoning using modern logical tools. (...)
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  45.  17
    Al-Ṣamad and the High God. An Interpretation of Sūra CXII.Uri Rubin - 1984 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 61 (2):197-217.
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  46.  11
    The Tripartite Structure and its Design in a Tannaitic Source.Uri Zur - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3):1-3.
    This article deals with a tripartite structure applied to a Tannaitic source. This structure is designed in the form of a difficulty and a short resolution, bringing one example for each of the three parts of the Tannaitic source. The uniform formative-stylistic phrasing gives the discussion of the Tannaitic source's three parts a tripartite form. The Tannaitic source utilises a chaining of examples from the first to the second part and from the second to the third part.
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  47.  28
    The Humane Imperative: A Moral Opportunity.Kimberly A. Urie, Alison Stanley & Jerold D. Friedman - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):20 – 21.
  48.  8
    Forcefield Analogy for Communications Involving Movement of the Head: An Exercise in Ecological Semiotics.Uri Hadar - 1986 - Semiotica 62 (3-4):279-296.
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  49.  13
    Some Thoughts on Common Scents.Uri Almagor - 1990 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (3):181–195.
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  50.  34
    Some Results in Polychromatic Ramsey Theory.Uri Abraham, James Cummings & Clifford Smyth - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (3):865 - 896.
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