Results for 'Ursula Thiemer-Sachse'

811 found
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  1.  38
    I—Ursula Coope: Aristotle on Action.Ursula Coope - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):109-138.
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  2.  46
    Reductionism in the Philosophy of Science.Christian Sachse - 2007 - Ontos.
    Contrary to a widespread belief, this book establishes that ontological and epistemological reductionism stand or fall together.
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  3. Measuring Consciousness in Dreams: The Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale.Ursula Voss, Karin Schermelleh-Engel, Jennifer Windt, Clemens Frenzel & Allan Hobson - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):8-21.
    In this article, we present results from an interdisciplinary research project aimed at assessing consciousness in dreams. For this purpose, we compared lucid dreams with normal non-lucid dreams from REM sleep. Both lucid and non-lucid dreams are an important contrast condition for theories of waking consciousness, giving valuable insights into the structure of conscious experience and its neural correlates during sleep. However, the precise differences between lucid and non-lucid dreams remain poorly understood. The construction of the Lucidity and Consciousness in (...)
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  4.  20
    Insight and Dissociation in Lucid Dreaming and Psychosis.Ursula Voss, Armando D’Agostino, Luca Kolibius, Ansgar Klimke, Silvio Scarone & J. Allan Hobson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  5.  33
    Reduction of Biological Properties by Means of Functional Sub-Types.Christian Sachse - 2005 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 27 (3/4):435 - 449.
    The general aim of this paper is to propose a reductionist strategy to higher-level property types. Starting from a common ground in the philosophy of science, I shall elaborate on possible realizer differences of higher-level property types. Because of the realizer types' causal heterogeneity, an introduction of functional sub-types of higher-level properties will be suggested. Each higher-level functional sub-type corresponds to one realizer type. This means that there is the theoretical possibility to reach some kind of type-identity and this opens (...)
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  6. Theory Reduction by Means of Functional Sub‐Types.Michael Esfeld & Christian Sachse - 2007 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1):1 – 17.
    The paper sets out a new strategy for theory reduction by means of functional sub-types. This strategy is intended to get around the multiple realization objection. We use Kim's argument for token identity (ontological reductionism) based on the causal exclusion problem as starting point. We then extend ontological reductionism to epistemological reductionism (theory reduction). We show how one can distinguish within any functional type between functional sub-types. Each of these sub-types is coextensive with one type of realizer. By this means, (...)
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  7.  16
    The Sacred Depths of Nature.Ursula Goodenough - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    For many of us, the great scientific discoveries of the modern age--the Big Bang, evolution, quantum physics, relativity--point to an existence that is bleak, devoid of meaning, pointless. But in The Sacred Depths of Nature, eminent biologist Ursula Goodenough shows us that the scientific world view need not be a source of despair. Indeed, it can be a wellspring of solace and hope. This eloquent volume reconciles the modern scientific understanding of reality with our timeless spiritual yearnings for reverence (...)
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  8.  42
    Waking and Dreaming: Related but Structurally Independent. Dream Reports of Congenitally Paraplegic and Deaf-Mute Persons.Ursula Voss, Inka Tuin, Karin Schermelleh-Engel & Allan Hobson - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):673-687.
    Models of dream analysis either assume a continuum of waking and dreaming or the existence of two dissociated realities. Both approaches rely on different methodology. Whereas continuity models are based on content analysis, discontinuity models use a structural approach. In our study, we applied both methods to test specific hypotheses about continuity or discontinuity. We contrasted dream reports of congenitally deaf-mute and congenitally paraplegic individuals with those of non-handicapped controls. Continuity theory would predict that either the deficit itself or compensatory (...)
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  9.  36
    Physicalism, or Something Near Enough – Jaegwon Kim. [REVIEW]Christian Sachse - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (4):508–512.
  10.  81
    Aristotle on the Infinite.Ursula Coope - 2012 - In Christopher Shields (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Oxford University Press. pp. 267.
    In Physics, Aristotle starts his positive account of the infinite by raising a problem: “[I]f one supposes it not to exist, many impossible things result, and equally if one supposes it to exist.” His views on time, extended magnitudes, and number imply that there must be some sense in which the infinite exists, for he holds that time has no beginning or end, magnitudes are infinitely divisible, and there is no highest number. In Aristotle's view, a plurality cannot escape having (...)
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  11. Time for Aristotle: Physics Iv.Ursula Coope - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    What is the relation between time and change? Does time depend on the mind? Is the present always the same or is it always different? Aristotle tackles these questions in the Physics. In the first book in English exclusively devoted to this discussion, Ursula Coope argues that Aristotle sees time as a universal order within which all changes are related to each other. This interpretation enables her to explain two striking Aristotelian claims: that the now is like a moving (...)
     
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  12.  28
    Emotional Expressivity in Men and Women: Stereotypes and Self-Perceptions.Ursula Hess, Sacha Senécal, Gilles Kirouac, Pedro Herrera, Pierre Philippot & Robert E. Kleck - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (5):609-642.
  13.  12
    Cassirer’s Enlightenment: On Philosophy and the ‘Denkform’ of Reason.Ursula Renz - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (3):636-652.
    This paper examines the way in which Cassirer implicitly commented on current issues in his historical studies, proposing a case study on his monograph The Philosophy of the Enlightenment, publishe...
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  14. ‘Change and its Relation to Actuality and Potentiality'.Ursula Coope - 2009 - In G. Anagnostopoulos (ed.), A Companion to Aristotle. Blackwells.
     
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  15. The New Utopian Politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's The Dispossessed.Laurence Davis, Peter Stillman & Ursula K. Le Guin - 2006 - Utopian Studies 17 (2):375-379.
    The Dispossessed has been described by political thinker Andre Gorz as 'The most striking description I know of the seductions—and snares—of self-managed communist or, in other words, anarchist society.' To date, however, the radical social, cultural, and political ramifications of Le Guin's multiple award-winning novel remain woefully under explored. Editors Laurence Davis and Peter Stillman right this state of affairs in the first ever collection of original essays devoted to Le Guin's novel. Among the topics covered in this wide-ranging, international (...)
     
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  16. Time for Aristotle: Physics Iv. 10-14.Ursula Coope - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    What is the relation between time and change? Does time depend on the mind? Is the present always the same or is it always different? Aristotle tackles these questions in the Physics. In the first book in English exclusively devoted to this discussion, Ursula Coope argues that Aristotle sees time as a universal order within which all changes are related to each other. This interpretation enables her to explain two striking Aristotelian claims: that the now is like a moving (...)
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  17. Psycho-Neural Reduction Through Functional Sub-Types.Patrice Soom, Christian Sachse & Michael Esfeld - unknown
    The paper argues that a functional reduction of ordinary psychology to neuropsychology is possible by means of constructing fine-grained functional, mental sub-types that are coextensive with neuropsychological types. We establish this claim by means of considering as examples the cases of the disconnection syndrome and schizophrenia. We point out that the result is a conservative reduction, vindicating the scientific quality of the mental types of ordinary psychology by systematically linking them with neuroscience. That procedure of conservative reduction by means of (...)
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  18. The Self-Other Relation in Beauvoir’s Ethics and Autobiography.Ursula Tidd - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (4):163-174.
    : This article examines how some of Simone de Beauvoir's ethical notions about the Self-Other relation explored in her theoretical philosophy of the 1940s were developed in her subsequent autobiography. It argues that Beauvoir represents reciprocal alter-ity in these autobiographical texts through a testimonial engagement with autobiography conceptualized as an act of bearing witness for the Other, through the privileging of various interlocutors and privileged others with whom "the real" is experienced and through a negotiation with the reader. The article (...)
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  19.  50
    Origin of the Concept Chemical Compound.Ursula Klein - 1994 - Science in Context 7 (2):163-204.
  20.  1
    Das Problem des Moralischen Sollens.Ursula Wolf - 1984 - De Gruyter.
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  21. Aristotle on Action.Ursula Coope - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):109–138.
  22. From Biology to Consciousness to Morality.Ursula Goodenough & Terrence W. Deacon - 2003 - Zygon 38 (4):801-819.
    Social animals are provisioned with pro-social orientations that transcend self-interest. Morality, as used here, describes human versions of such orientations. We explore the evolutionary antecedents of morality in the context of emergentism, giving considerable attention to the biological traits that undergird emergent human forms of mind. We suggest that our moral frames of mind emerge from our primate pro-social capacities, transfigured and valenced by our symbolic languages, cultures, and religions.
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  23.  16
    Who May Frown and Who Should Smile? Dominance, Affiliation, and the Display of Happiness and Anger.Ursula Hess, Reginald Adams & Robert Kleck - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (4):515-536.
  24.  70
    Zum Problem der Willensschwäche.Ursula Wolf - 1985 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 39 (1):21 - 33.
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  25. The Sacred Depths of Nature: Excerpts.Ursula Goodenough - 2000 - Zygon 35 (3):567-586.
    For many of us, the great scientific discoveries of the modern age--the Big Bang, evolution, quantum physics, relativity-- point to an existence that is bleak, devoid of meaning, pointless. But in The Sacred Depths of Nature, eminent biologist Ursula Goodenough shows us that the scientific world view need not be a source of despair. Indeed, it can be a wellspring of solace and hope. This eloquent volume reconciles the modern scientific understanding of reality with our timeless spiritual yearnings for (...)
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  26. Why Does Aristotle Think That Ethical Virtue is Required for Practical Wisdom?Ursula Coope - 2012 - Phronesis 57 (2):142-163.
    Abstract In this paper, I ask why Aristotle thinks that ethical virtue (rather than mere self-control) is required for practical wisdom. I argue that a satisfactory answer will need to explain why being prone to bad appetites implies a failing of the rational part of the soul. I go on to claim that the self-controlled person does suffer from such a rational failing: a failure to take a specifically rational kind of pleasure in fine action. However, this still leaves a (...)
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  27. Facial Reactions to Emotional Facial Expressions: Affect or Cognition?Ursula Hess, Pierre Philippot & Sylvie Blairy - 1998 - Cognition and Emotion 12 (4):509-531.
  28.  26
    Why Are Schadenfreude and Gluckschmerz Not Happiness or Anger? Or Are They?Ursula Hess - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (4):306-308.
    This comment on Smith and van Dijk’s discussion of the antecedents and consequences of schadenfreude and gluckschmerz considers these emotions in an appraisal framework and discusses the usefulness of naming emotions that do not come with ready-made labels in many languages.
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  29.  23
    A Revolution That Never Happened.Ursula Klein - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 49:80-90.
  30.  28
    Free to Think? Epistemic Authority and Thinking for Oneself.Ursula Coope - 2019 - British Academy 7.
    People generally agree that there is something valuable about thinking for oneself rather than simply accepting beliefs on authority, but it is not at all obvious why this is valuable. This paper discusses two ancient responses, both inspired by the example of Socrates. Cicero claims that thinking for yourself gives you freedom. Olympiodorus argues that thinking for yourself makes it possible to achieve understanding, and that understanding is valuable because it gives you a certain kind of independence. The paper asks (...)
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  31.  35
    Technoscience avant la lettre.Ursula Klein - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (2):226-266.
    I argue and demonstrate in this essay that interconnected systems of science and technology, or technoscience, existed long before the late nineteenth century, and that eighteenth-century chemistry was such an early form of technoscience. Based on recent historical research on the early development of carbon chemistry from the late 1820s until the 1840s—which revealed that early carbon chemistry was an experimental expert culture that was largely detached from the mundane industrial world—I further examine the question of the internal preconditions within (...)
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  32.  14
    The Chemical Workshop Tradition and the Experimental Practice: Discontinuities Within Continuities.Ursula Klein - 1996 - Science in Context 9 (3).
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  33. Why Does Aristotle Say That There is No Time Without Change?Ursula Coope - 2001 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 101 (3):359–367.
  34.  53
    ‘Self-Care Without a Self’: Alzheimer’s Disease and the Concept of Personal Responsibility for Health. [REVIEW]Ursula Naue - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):315-324.
    The article focuses on the impact of the concept of self-care on persons who are understood as incapable of self-care due to their physical and/or mental ‘incapacity’. The article challenges the idea of this health care concept as empowerment and highlights the difficulties for persons who do not fit into this concept. To exemplify this, the self-care concept is discussed with regard to persons with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In the case of persons with AD, self-care is interpreted in many different (...)
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  35.  12
    Moral Controversies and Moral Theory.Ursula Wolf - 1993 - European Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):58-68.
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  36. 'Aristotle's Account of Agency in Physics III.3'.Ursula Coope - 2004 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy.
     
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  37.  66
    Aquinas on Judgment and the Active Power of Reason.Ursula Coope - 2013 - Philosophers' Imprint 13.
    This paper examines Aquinas’ account of a certain kind of rational control: the control one exercises in using one’s reason to make a judgment. Though this control is not itself a kind of voluntary control, it is a precondition for voluntariness. Aquinas claims that one’s voluntary actions must spring from judgments that are subject to one’s rational control and that, because of this, only rational animals can act voluntarily. This rational kind of control depends on a certain distinctive feature of (...)
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  38.  49
    Ein Vergleich der von Ludwig bzw. Popper vorgeschlagenen Interpretationen der Quantenmechanik.Ursula Wegener - 1980 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 11 (2):357-366.
    Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede in den Interpretationen von Ludwig und Popper werden aufgezeigt. Daß überhaupt Unterschiede festzustellen sind, erscheint zunächst verwunderlich, da zum einen von verschiedenen Autoren eine enge Korrelation zwischen Interpretationen der Quantenmechanik und Wahrscheinlichkeitsinterpretationen behauptet wird, zum anderen aber Ludwigs Chancengewichtungen als propensities im Sinne Poppers interpretiert werden können. Es zeigt sich, daß die Unterschiede in den Interpretationen der Quantenmechanik auf Unterschieden in dem jeweils verwendeten wahrscheinlichkeitstheoretischen Formalismus beruhen, die jedoch für die Möglichkeit, Chancengewichtungen als propensities zu interpretieren, ohne (...)
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  39.  21
    Psycho-Neural Reduction Through Functional Sub-Types.Patrice Soom, Christian Sachse & Michael Esfeld - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):7-26.
    The paper argues that a functional reduction of ordinary psychology to neuropsychology is possible by means of constructing fine-grained functional, mental sub-types that are coextensive with neuropsychological types. We establish this claim by means of considering as examples the cases of the disconnection syndrome and schizophrenia. We point out that the result is a conservative reduction, vindicating the scientific quality of the mental types of ordinary psychology by systematically linking them with neuroscience. That procedure of conservative reduction by means of (...)
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  40.  6
    Who May Frown and Who Should Smile? Dominance, Affiliation, and the Display of Happiness and Anger.Ursula Hess, Reginald Adams & Robert Kleck - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (4):515-536.
  41.  18
    The Bidirectional Relation of Emotion Perception and Social Judgments: The Effect of Witness’ Emotion Expression on Perceptions of Moral Behaviour and Vice Versa.Ursula Hess, Helen Landmann, Shlomo David & Shlomo Hareli - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (6):1152-1165.
    ABSTRACTThe present research tested the notion that emotion expression and context perception are bidirectionally related. Specifically, in two studies focusing on moral violations and positive moral deviations respectively, we presented participants with short vignettes describing behaviours that were either moral, polite or unusual together with a picture of the emotional reaction of a person who supposedly had been a witness to the event. Participants rated both the emotional reactions observed and their own moral appraisal of the situation described. In both (...)
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  42.  31
    Becoming Aware of One’s Thoughts: Kant on Self-Knowledge and Reflective Experience.Ursula Renz - 2015 - In Annalisa Coliva, Volker Munz & Danièle Moyal-Sharrock (eds.), Mind, Language and Action: Proceedings of the 36th International Wittgenstein Symposium. De Gruyter. pp. 581-600.
  43.  53
    Paper Tools In Experimental Cultures.Ursula Klein - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (2):265-302.
    The paper studies various functions of Berzelian formulas in European organic chemistry prior to the mid-nineteenth century from a semiotic, historical and epistemological perspective. I argue that chemists applied Berzelian formulas as productive ‘paper tools’ for creating a chemical order in the ‘jungle’ of organic chemistry. Beginning in the late 1820s, chemists applied chemical formulas to build models of the binary constitution of organic compounds in analogy to inorganic compounds. Based on these formula models, they constructed new classifications of organic (...)
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  44.  1
    The Hassle of Housework: Digitalisation and the Commodification of Domestic Labour.Ursula Huws - 2019 - Feminist Review 123 (1):8-23.
    This article revisits materialist second-wave feminist debates about domestic labour in the context of digitalisation. Using a differentiated typology of labour, it looks at how the tasks involved in housework have undergone dramatic changes through commodification, decommodification and recommodification without fundamentally altering the gender division of labour in social reproduction, drawing on recent research on the use of online platforms to deliver social reproductive labour via the market in a context in which reproductive labour sits at the centre of an (...)
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  45.  10
    Susanne Heim, Carola Sachse and Mark Walker , The Kaiser Wilhelm Society Under National Socialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Pp. Xxiv+477. ISBN 978-0-521-87906-4. £45.00. [REVIEW]Margit Szöllösi-Janze - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Science 44 (1):151-152.
  46.  5
    Silke Fengler; Carola Sachse . Kernforschung in Österreich: Wandlungen eines interdisziplinären Forschungsfeldes, 1900–1978. 411 pp., illus., tables. Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2012. €35 .Silke Fengler. Kerne, Kooperation und Konkurrenz: Kernforschung in Österreich im internationalen Kontext . 373 pp. Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2014. €49. [REVIEW]Roland Wittje - 2016 - Isis 107 (3):666-668.
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  47.  11
    Appell an Das Publikum: Die Öffentliche Debatte in der Deutschen Aufklärung 1687-1796.Ursula Goldenbaum - 2004 - Akademie Verlag.
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  48.  59
    Mindful Virtue, Mindful Reverence.Ursula Goodenough & Paul Woodruff - 2001 - Zygon 36 (4):585-595.
  49.  45
    Haben wir moralische Verpflichtungen gegen Tiere.Ursula Wolf - 1988 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 42 (2):222 - 246.
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  50.  5
    A Ristotle on A Ction.Ursula Coope - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):109-138.
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