Results for 'Uzi Levi'

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  1.  21
    Not Just a Passion for Negativity.Yechiel Klar & Uzi Levi - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):349-349.
    The Krueger & Funder (K&F) article would gain in constructive value if the authors spelled out what role the heuristics-and-biases approach could play in balancing the field of social cognition, lowering the burden of blame on it, cautioning overly enthusiastic readers from championing the “enough-with-the-biases” movement, and acknowledging that not all biases are caused by minorities.
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  2. God, Wittgenstein and John Cook: Don S. Levi.Don S. Levi - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):267-286.
    This essay is a meditation on Wittgenstein's injunction to ‘look and see’, especially when it is applied to the debate over theological realism. John Cook thinks that the injunction should be followed in metaphysics and epistemology, something he believes that Wittgenstein himself did not do. I am inclined to think that Cook is right about this, even though I am not persuaded by him that Wittgenstein goes wrong because he was committed to Neutral Monism. Interestingly, Cook thinks that there is (...)
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  3.  46
    Determinism as a Thesis About the State of the World From Moment to Moment: Don S. Levi.Don S. Levi - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (3):399-419.
    Determinism, as the thesis that given the state of the world at a moment there is only one way it can be at the next moment, is problematic. After explaining why the thesis is defined as it is, the paper goes on to raise questions about the terms in which it is defined. Is the ‘world’ to be understood as constituted by whatever figures in our talk or thought, or to what is reconstituted by an ontology seemingly derived from the (...)
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  4.  11
    Antioch Mosaic Pavements. 2 Volumes. By D. Levi. Pp. Xxi + 650; Pl. 183 + 229 Text Figs. Princeton: University Press , 1947. 200s. [REVIEW]D. Talbot Rice & D. Levi - 1947 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 67:138-138.
  5.  8
    Two Documents by Paul Levi.Paul Levi - 2017 - Historical Materialism 25 (1):175-183.
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  6.  4
    The Liar Parody: Don S. Levi.Don S. Levi - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):43-62.
    The Liar Paradox is a philosophical bogyman. It refuses to die, despite everything that philosophers have done to kill it. Sometimes the attacks on it seem little more than expressions of positivist petulance, as when the Liar sentence is said to be nonsense or meaningless. Sometimes the attacks are based on administering to the Liar sentence arbitrary if not unfair tests for admitting of truth or falsity that seem designed expressly to keep it from qualifying. Some philosophers have despaired of (...)
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  7. On the Descriptive Adequacy of Levi Decision-Theory-Reply.I. Levi - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (1):101-103.
     
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  8. Saggio di Una Bibliografia Filosofica Italiana, Dal 1o Gennaio 1901 Al 30 Giugno 1908, Compolato da A. Levi E B. Varisco. [REVIEW]Alessandro Levi & Bernardino Varisco - 1908
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  9.  30
    Mild Contraction: Evaluating Loss of Information Due to Loss of Belief.Isaac Levi - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Isaac Levi's new book develops further his pioneering work in formal epistemology, focusing on the problem of belief contraction, or how rationally to relinquish old beliefs. Levi offers the most penetrating analysis to date of this key question in epistemology, offering a completely new solution and explaining its relation to his earlier proposals. He mounts an argument in favor of the thesis that contracting a state of belief by giving up specific beliefs is to be evaluated in terms (...)
  10.  69
    Hard Choices: Decision Making Under Unresolved Conflict.Isaac Levi - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    It is a commonplace that in making decisions agents often have to juggle competing values, and that no choice will maximise satisfaction of them all. However, the prevailing account of these cases assumes that there is always a single ranking of the agent's values, and therefore no unresolvable conflict between them. Isaac Levi denies this assumption, arguing that agents often must choose without having balanced their different values and that to be rational, an act does not have to be (...)
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  11.  49
    The Fixation of Belief and its Undoing: Changing Beliefs Through Inquiry.Isaac Levi - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    Isaac Levi's new book is concerned with how one can justify changing one's beliefs. The discussion is deeply informed by the belief-doubt model advocated by C. S. Peirce and John Dewey, of which the book provides a substantial analysis. Professor Levi then addresses the conceptual framework of potential changes available to an inquirer. A structural approach to propositional attitudes is proposed, which rejects the conventional view that a propositional attitude involves a relation between an agent and either a (...)
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  12.  32
    The Covenant of Reason: Rationality and the Commitments of Thought.Isaac Levi - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    Isaac Levi is one of the preeminent philosophers in the areas of pragmatic rationality and epistemology. This collection of essays constitutes an important presentation of his original and influential ideas about rational choice and belief. A wide range of topics is covered, including consequentialism and sequential choice, consensus, voluntarism of belief, and the tolerance of the opinions of others. The essays elaborate on the idea that principles of rationality are norms that regulate the coherence of our beliefs and values (...)
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  13. Contraction: On the Decision-Theoretical Origins of Minimal Change and Entrenchment.Horacio Arló-Costa & Isaac Levi - 2006 - Synthese 152 (1):129 - 154.
    We present a decision-theoretically motivated notion of contraction which, we claim, encodes the principles of minimal change and entrenchment. Contraction is seen as an operation whose goal is to minimize loses of informational value. The operation is also compatible with the principle that in contracting A one should preserve the sentences better entrenched than A (when the belief set contains A). Even when the principle of minimal change and the latter motivation for entrenchment figure prominently among the basic intuitions in (...)
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  14.  10
    Decisions and Revisions: Philosophical Essays on Knowledge and Value.Isaac Levi - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a collection of Isaac Levi's philosophical papers. Over the period represented by the work here, Professor Levi has developed an interrelated set of views, in the tradition of Peirce and Dewey, on epistemology and the philosophy of science and social science. This focus has been on the problem of induction and the growth of knowledge, the foundations of probability and the theory of rational decision-making. His most important essays in these areas are assembled here, with an (...)
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  15.  24
    Value Commitments, Value Conflict, and the Separability of Belief and Value.Isaac Levi - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (4):509-533.
    Leeds (1990) levels an objection against the criterion of rational choice I have proposed (Levi 1997, Ch. 6; 1980; 1986), pointing out that the criterion is sensitive to the way possible consequences are partitioned. Seidenfeld, Kadane and Schervish (1989) call into question the defense of the cross product rule by appeal to Pareto Unanimity Principles that I had invoked in my 1986. I offer clarifications of my proposals showing that the difference between my views and those of my critics (...)
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  16.  54
    Gambling with Truth: An Essay on Induction and the Aims of Science.Isaac Levi - 1967 - MIT Press.
    This comprehensive discussion of the problem of rational belief develops the subject on the pattern of Bayesian decision theory. The analogy with decision theory introduces philosophical issues not usually encountered in logical studies and suggests some promising new approaches to old problems."We owe Professor Levi a debt of gratitude for producing a book of such excellence. His own approach to inductive inference is not only original and profound, it also clarifies and transforms the work of his predecessors. In short, (...)
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  17. Replies.Isaac Levi - 2006 - In Erik J. Olsson (ed.), Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on the Pragmatism of Isaac Levi. Cambridge University Press.
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  18.  40
    Possibility and Probability.Isaac Levi - 1989 - Erkenntnis 31 (2-3):365--86.
    De Finetti was a strong proponent of allowing 0 credal probabilities to be assigned to serious possibilities. I have sought to show that (pace Shimony) strict coherence can be obeyed provided that its scope of applicability is restricted to partitions into states generated by finitely many ultimate payoffs. When countable additivity is obeyed, a restricted version of ISC can be applied to partitions generated by countably many ultimate payoffs. Once this is appreciated, perhaps the compelling character of the Shimony argument (...)
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  19.  33
    Direct Inference and Confirmational Conditionalization.Isaac Levi - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (4):532-552.
    The article responds to some of the points raised by B. van Fraassen concerning probability kinematics and direct inference within the framework of the approach to the revision of probability judgment proposed by Levi in The Enterprise of Knowledge. In particular, the critical importance of the question of direct inference is emphasized and explained.
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  20.  41
    Teaching Logic.Don S. Levi - 1998 - Teaching Philosophy 21 (3):237-256.
    This paper presents three lessons designed to alert students to the setting in which they are learning and the ways in which this setting provides the context for a discourse which is different than everyday discourse. In the first lesson, students examine empirical studies that illustrate how being in a classroom significantly changes how one reasons about even the most basic logical relationships. In the second lesson, Levi critiques an imaginative way of teaching logic that, while appearing to call (...)
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  21.  15
    Obligation and Permission When There is a Second Best and When There is a Second Worst.Isaac Levi - 2006 - Análisis Filosófico 26 (2):356-372.
    A comparison is made between the criterion of choice of E-admissibility I proposed in Levi, 1974 and elaborated in Levi, 1980 and 1986, and the ideas about norms elaborated by Alchourrón and Bulygin with an emphasis on the fact that choice cannot always be evaluated in terms of binary comparisons as the distinction between second worst and not second worst illustrates. Se establece una comparación entre el criterio de E-admisibilidad propuesto en Levi,1974 y elaborado en Levi,1980 (...)
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  22.  9
    Teaching Logic: How to Overcome the Limitations of the Classroom.Don S. Levi - 1998 - Teaching Philosophy 21 (3):237-256.
    This paper presents three lessons designed to alert students to the setting in which they are learning and the ways in which this setting provides the context for a discourse which is different than everyday discourse. In the first lesson, students examine empirical studies that illustrate how being in a classroom significantly changes how one reasons about even the most basic logical relationships. In the second lesson, Levi critiques an imaginative way of teaching logic that, while appearing to call (...)
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  23.  11
    Culture: A Guess at the Riddle.Albert William Levi - 1977 - Critical Inquiry 4 (2):299-329.
    It is necessary to realize first of all that the concept of culture is founded upon two closely related dichotomies: that between the natural and artificial and that between the chaotic and the orderly. In its most primitive signification, culture means simply the imposition of an exquisite order upon the raw givenness of experience. In this sense, nature represents the immediacy of need, culture its formalization. Man may be "a rational animal," as Aristotle said, but in possessing the rational potential (...)
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  24.  7
    "De Interpretatione": Cognition and Context in the History of Ideas.Albert William Levi - 1976 - Critical Inquiry 3 (1):153-178.
    One can sympathize with [Leo] Strauss' ultimate aim—to protect the validity of moral judgment against that form of relativism which would assess the value of great philosophic works simply in terms of how they satisfied the needs of the times for which they were written. But in believing that "historicism " meant "relativism," and that all attention to the temporal relevance of great doctrines in the history of ideas was somehow perverse, Strauss was profoundly mistaken. Hermeneutics is not axiology. Questions (...)
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  25. Point of View.Edward Hirsch Levi - 1969 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Edward H. Levi served the University of Chicago for most of his professional life, as a professor, dean of the law school, provost, and eventually president. Gathered here are fourteen talks he delivered between 1963 and 1969 that include such topics as the role of the university; the purposes of undergraduate and liberal education, professional training, and graduate research; the relations between the university and its surroundings; and the causes of student unrest. Throughout these talks, the reader will find (...)
     
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  26.  81
    The Enterprise of Knowledge: An Essay on Knowledge, Credal Probability, and Chance.Isaac Levi - 1980 - MIT Press.
    This major work challenges some widely held positions in epistemology - those of Peirce and Popper on the one hand and those of Quine and Kuhn on the other.
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  27. Gambling with Truth.Isaac Levi - 1967 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
  28. La questione femminile nella cultura ebraica contemporanea tra comunitarismo E liberalismo.P. Levi & B. Greenberg - forthcoming - Annali Della Facoltà di Lettere E Filosofia.
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  29. On Indeterminate Probabilities.Isaac Levi - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (13):391-418.
  30.  63
    Visual Crowding: A Fundamental Limit on Conscious Perception and Object Recognition.David Whitney & Dennis M. Levi - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):160-168.
  31.  20
    On Indeterminate Probabilities.Isaac Levi - 1978 - In A. Hooker, J. J. Leach & E. F. McClennen (eds.), Journal of Philosophy. D. Reidel. pp. 233--261.
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  32. Too Soon to Give Up: Re-Examining the Value of Advance Directives.Benjamin H. Levi & Michael J. Green - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):3 – 22.
    In the face of mounting criticism against advance directives, we describe how a novel, computer-based decision aid addresses some of these important concerns. This decision aid, Making Your Wishes Known: Planning Your Medical Future , translates an individual's values and goals into a meaningful advance directive that explicitly reflects their healthcare wishes and outlines a plan for how they wish to be treated. It does this by (1) educating users about advance care planning; (2) helping individuals identify, clarify, and prioritize (...)
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  33.  77
    Direct Inference.Isaac Levi - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy 74 (1):5-29.
  34.  72
    Iteration of Conditionals and the Ramsey Test.Isaac Levi - 1988 - Synthese 76 (1):49 - 81.
  35.  66
    Subjunctives, Dispositions and Chances.Isaac Levi - 1977 - Synthese 34 (4):423 - 455.
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  36.  15
    Should Bayesians Sometimes Neglect Base Rates?Isaac Levi - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):342-343.
  37.  27
    Pragmatism and Inquiry: Selected Essays.Isaac Levi - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Corrigibilism without solidarity -- Inquiry, deliberation, and method -- Pragmatism and change of view -- Beware of syllogism : statistical reasoning and conjecturing according to Peirce -- Dewey's logic of inquiry -- Wayward naturalism : saving Dewey from himself -- Seeking truth -- The logic of consistency and the logic of truth -- Belief, doubt, and evidentialism -- Induction, abduction, and oracles -- Knowledge as true full belief.
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  38.  21
    Deductive Cogency in Inductive Inference.Isaac Levi - 1965 - Journal of Philosophy 62 (3):68-77.
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  39.  49
    Imprecision and Indeterminacy in Probability Judgment.Isaac Levi - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):390-409.
    Bayesians often confuse insistence that probability judgment ought to be indeterminate (which is incompatible with Bayesian ideals) with recognition of the presence of imprecision in the determination or measurement of personal probabilities (which is compatible with these ideals). The confusion is discussed and illustrated by remarks in a recent essay by R. C. Jeffrey.
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  40.  52
    Information and Inference.Isaac Levi - 1967 - Synthese 17 (1):369 - 391.
  41.  57
    The Paradoxes of Allais and Ellsberg.Isaac Levi - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (1):23.
    In The Enterprise of Knowledge, I proposed a general theory of rational choice which I intended as a characterization of a prescriptive theory of ideal rationality. A cardinal tenet of this theory is that assessments of expected value or expected utility in the Bayesian sense may not be representable by a numerical indicator or indeed induce an ordering of feasible options in a context of deliberation. My reasons for taking this position are related to my commitment to the inquiry-oriented approach (...)
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  42.  48
    Newcomb's Many Problems.Isaac Levi - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (2):161-175.
  43. Must the Scientist Make Value Judgments?Isaac Levi - 1960 - Journal of Philosophy 57 (11):345-357.
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  44.  62
    Two Notions of Epistemic Validity.Horacio Arló Costa & Isaac Levi - 1996 - Synthese 109 (2):217 - 262.
    How to accept a conditional? F. P. Ramsey proposed the following test in (Ramsey 1990).(RT) If A, then B must be accepted with respect to the current epistemic state iff the minimal hypothetical change of it needed to accept A also requires accepting B.
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  45.  64
    The Demons of Decision.Isaac Levi - 1987 - The Monist 70 (2):193-211.
    For three centuries, philosophers have mounted defenses against the melan genie with an obsessive intensity comparable to the Reaganite determination to squander American wealth on defenses against a Communist threat. And for three centuries, skeptics have argued for the futility of the expenditure of conceptual effort with no more success than critics of the Pentagon have had in stemming the flow of funds to the military and its industrial minions. My own sympathies are with the skeptics. However, their own intense (...)
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  46. Probability Kinematics.Isaac Levi - 1967 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 18 (3):197-209.
  47.  36
    On the Seriousness of Mistakes.Isaac Levi - 1962 - Philosophy of Science 29 (1):47-65.
    Several authors have recently contended that modern statistical theory provides a powerful argument in favor of the view that if scientists accept or reject hypotheses at all they do so only in a behavioral sense--i.e., in a sense which reduces "accepting P" to "acting on the basis of P relative to an objective O". In this paper, the argument from statistics in favor of a behavioral view is outlined; an interpretation of two statistical procedures (Bayes method and signifigance testing) is (...)
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  48.  12
    Newcomb's Many Problems.Isaac Levi - 1978 - In A. Hooker, J. J. Leach & E. F. McClennen (eds.), Theory and Decision. D. Reidel. pp. 369--383.
  49.  60
    Corroboration and Rules of Acceptance.Isaac Levi - 1962 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (52):307-313.
  50.  56
    Jaakko Hintikka.Isaac Levi - 2004 - Synthese 140 (1-2):37 - 41.
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