Results for 'Valerie Pinsky'

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  1.  17
    Valerie Pinsky and Alison Wylie . Critical Traditions in Contemporary Archaeology: Essays in the Philosophy, History and Socio-Politics of Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pp. Ix + 160. ISBN 0-521-32109-3. £27.50, $54.50. [REVIEW]Stephen Shennan - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (3):384-385.
  2.  35
    Critical Traditions in Contemporary Archaeology: Essays in the Philosophy, History and Socio-Politics of Archaeology. Valerie Pinsky, Alison Wylie.Linda E. Patrik - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (4):701-703.
  3.  50
    Critical Traditions in Contemporary Archaeology: Essays in the Philosophy, History, and Socio-Politics of Archaeology.Valerie Pinsky & Alison Wylie (eds.) - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    EDITORS' INTRODUCTION Perhaps the single most broadly unifying feature of the early new archaeology was the demand that archaeologists not take the aims and ...
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  4. Gabriel gachelin Valerie chansigaud.Valerie Chansigaud - 2011 - Ludus Vitalis 19 (36):217-229.
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  5. Andrew Garnar Valerie Gray Hardcastle.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford University Press.
     
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  6. A Hardcastle, Valerie Gray, 173 Pauen, Michael, 202 Peters, Madelon L., 27 Heywood, CA, 410 Azzopardi, Paul, 292 Hirshman, Elliot, 103 Hobson, J. Allan, 67 R B. [REVIEW]Valerie Huemer, Cristina Ramponi, Talis Bachmann, G. Keith Humphrey, Antti Revonsuo, Marlene Behrmann, Raffaella Ricci, Neil Binder, Edoardo Bisiach & Marc Jeannerod - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7:647.
     
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  7.  11
    Sister's Ghost: Valerie's Story.Valerie J. Mills - 1998 - Anthropology of Consciousness 9 (2-3):56-61.
  8. Well-Being as Value Fulfillment: How We Can Help Each Other to Live Well.Valerie Tiberius - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    What is well-being? This is one of humanity's oldest and deepest questions; Valerie Tiberius offers a fresh answer. She argues that our lives go well to the extent that we succeed in what matters to us emotionally, reflectively, and over the long term. So when we want to help others achieve well-being, we should pay attention to their values.
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  9.  34
    The Reflective Life: Living Wisely with Our Limits.Valerie Tiberius - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    How can we live life wisely? Tiberius argues that we need to develop the kind of wisdom that emphasizes the importance of learning from experience. We need to care about things that sustain us and give us good experiences, have perspective on our successes and failures, and be moderately self-aware and cautiously optimistic about human nature.
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  10. Democracy, Culture and the Voice of Poetry.Robert Pinsky - 2005 - Princeton University Press.
    The place of poetry in modern democracy is no place, according to conventional wisdom. The poet, we hear, is a casualty of mass entertainment and prosaic public culture, banished to the artistic sidelines to compose variations on insipid themes for a dwindling audience. Robert Pinsky, however, argues that this gloomy diagnosis is as wrongheaded as it is familiar. Pinsky, whose remarkable career as a poet itself undermines the view, writes that to portray poetry and democracy as enemies is (...)
     
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  11.  11
    Responsibilities of the Poet.Robert Pinsky - 1987 - Critical Inquiry 13 (3):421-433.
    Certain general ideas come up repeatedly, in various guises, when contemporary poetry is discussed. One of these might be described as the question of what, if anything, is our social responsibility as poets.That is, there are things writers owe the art of poetry—work, perhaps. And in a sense there are things writers owe themselves—emotional truthfulness, attention toward one’s own feelings. But what, if anything, can a poet be said to owe other people in general, considered as a community? For what (...)
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  12.  24
    The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):237-251.
    Although widely studied in other domains, relatively little is known about the metacognitive processes that monitor and control behaviour during reasoning and decision-making. In this paper, we examined the conditions under which two fluency cues are used to monitor initial reasoning: answer fluency, or the speed with which the initial, intuitive answer is produced, and perceptual fluency, or the ease with which problems can be read. The first two experiments demonstrated that answer fluency reliably predicted Feeling of Rightness judgments to (...)
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  13.  90
    Dual Process Theories: A Metacognitive Perspective.Valerie A. Thompson - 2009 - In Keith Frankish & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (eds.), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
  14.  21
    Do Smart People Have Better Intuitions?Valerie A. Thompson, Gordon Pennycook, Dries Trippas & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (7):945-961.
  15.  35
    Conflict, Metacognition, and Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson & Stephen C. Johnson - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):215-244.
    One hundred and three participants solved conflict and non-conflict versions of four reasoning tasks using a two-response procedure: a base rate task, a causal reasoning task, a denominator neglect task, and a categorical syllogisms task. Participants were asked to give their first, intuitive answer, to make a Feeling of Rightness judgment, and then were given as much time as needed to rethink their answer. They also completed a standardized measure of IQ and the actively open-minded thinking questionnaire. The FORs of (...)
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  16. Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction.Valerie Tiberius - 2014 - Routledge.
    This is the first philosophy textbook in moral psychology, introducing students to a range of philosophical topics and debates such as: What is moral motivation? Do reasons for action always depend on desires? Is emotion or reason at the heart of moral judgment? Under what conditions are people morally responsible? Are there self-interested reasons for people to be moral? Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction presents research by philosophers and psychologists on these topics, and addresses the overarching question of how empirical (...)
     
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  17. Well-Being.Valerie Tiberius & Alexandra Plakias - 2010 - In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press. pp. 402--432.
    Whether it is to be maximized or promoted as the object of a duty of beneficence, well-being is a vitally important notion in ethical theory. Well-being is a value, but to play the role it has often been assigned by ethical theory it must also be something we can measure and compare. It is a normative concept, then, but it also seems to have empirical content. Historically, philosophical conceptions of well-being have been responsive to the paired demands for normative and (...)
     
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  18.  60
    The Myth of Pain.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2000 - MIT Press.
    or Browse over 3500 reviews in " by Valerie Hardcastle, Ph.D. " _Metapsychology_.
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  19. Arrogance.Valerie Tiberius & John D. Walker - 1998 - American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (4):379 - 390.
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  20.  36
    Implicit bias and social schema: a transactive memory approach.Valerie Soon - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (7):1857-1877.
    To what extent should we focus on implicit bias in order to eradicate persistent social injustice? Structural prioritizers argue that we should focus less on individual minds than on unjust social structures, while equal prioritizers think that both are equally important. This article introduces the framework of transactive memory into the debate to defend the equal priority view. The transactive memory framework helps us see how structure can emerge from individual interactions as an irreducibly social product. If this is right, (...)
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  21.  52
    Dirt, Disgust, and Disease: Is Hygiene in Our Genes?Valerie Curtis & Adam Biran - 2001 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):17-31.
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  22. Well-Being: Psychological Research for Philosophers.Valerie Tiberius - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (5):493–505.
  23.  43
    Analytic Thinking: Do You Feel Like It?Valerie Thompson & Kinga Morsanyi - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (1):93-105.
    A major challenge for Dual Process Theories of reasoning is to predict the circumstances under which intuitive answers reached on the basis of Type 1 processing are kept or discarded in favour of analytic, Type 2 processing (Thompson 2009 ). We propose that a key determinant of the probability that Type 2 processes intervene is the affective response that accompanies Type 1 processing. This affective response arises from the fluency with which the initial answer is produced, such that fluently produced (...)
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  24. How Theories of Well-Being Can Help Us Help.Valerie Tiberius - 2014 - Journal of Practical Ethics 2 (2):1-19.
    Some theories of well-being in philosophy and in psychology define people’s well-being in psychological terms. According to these theories, living well is getting what you want, feeling satisfied, experiencing pleasure, or the like. Other theories take well-being to be something that is not defined by our psychology: for example, they define well-being in terms of objective values or the perfection of our human nature. These two approaches present us with a trade-off: The more we define well-being in terms of people’s (...)
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  25.  37
    How Do Parents Experience Being Asked to Enter a Child in a Randomised Controlled Trial?Valerie Shilling & Bridget Young - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):1-.
    BackgroundAs the number of randomised controlled trials of medicines for children increases, it becomes progressively more important to understand the experiences of parents who are asked to enrol their child in a trial. This paper presents a narrative review of research evidence on parents' experiences of trial recruitment focussing on qualitative research, which allows them to articulate their views in their own words.DiscussionParents want to do their best for their children, and socially and legally their role is to care for (...)
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  26.  46
    Hierarchies, Power Inequalities, and Organizational Corruption.Valerie Rosenblatt - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):237-251.
    This article uses social dominance theory (SDT) to explore the dynamic and systemic nature of the initiation and maintenance of organizational corruption. Rooted in the definition of organizational corruption as misuse of power or position for personal or organizational gain, this work suggests that organizational corruption is driven by the individual and institutional tendency to structure societies as group-based social hierarchies. SDT describes a series of factors and processes across multiple levels of analysis that systemically contribute to the initiation and (...)
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  27.  37
    Matching Bias on the Selection Task: It's Fast and Feels Good.Valerie A. Thompson, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jamie I. D. Campbell - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):431-452.
    We tested the hypothesis that choices determined by Type 1 processes are compelling because they are fluent, and for this reason they are less subject to analytic thinking than other answers. A total of 104 participants completed a modified version of Wason's selection task wherein they made decisions about one card at a time using a two-response paradigm. In this paradigm participants gave a fast, intuitive response, rated their feeling of rightness for that response, and were then allowed free time (...)
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  28. Normative Theory and Psychological Research: Hedonism, Eudaimonism and Why It Matters.Valerie Tiberius & Alicia Hall - 2010 - Journal of Positive Psychology 5 (3):212-225..
    This paper is a contribution to the debate about eudaimonism started by Kashdan, Biswas-Diener, King, and Waterman in a previous issue of The Journal of Positive Psychology. We point out that one thing that is missing from this debate is an understanding of the problems with subjective theories of well-being that motivate a turn to objective theories. A better understanding of the rationale for objective theories helps us to see what is needed from a theory of well-being. We then argue (...)
     
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  29.  92
    How to Think About Virtue and Right.Valerie Tiberius - 2006 - Philosophical Papers 35 (2):247-265.
    Robert Johnson argues that virtue ethical accounts of right action fail because they cannot take account of the fact that there are things we ought to do precisely because we do not possess virtuous character traits. Self-improving actions are his paradigm case and it would indeed be a problem if virtue ethics could not make sense of the propriety of self-improvement. To solve this serious problem, I propose that virtue ethics ought to define right action in terms of the virtuous (...)
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  30.  68
    Wisdom Revisited: A Case Study in Normative Theorizing.Valerie Tiberius & Jason Swartwood - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (3):277-295.
    Extensive discussions of practical wisdom are relatively rare in the philosophical literature these days. This is strange given the theoretical and practical importance of wisdom and, indeed, the etymology of the word "philosophy." In this paper, we remedy this inattention by proposing a methodology for developing a theory of wisdom and using this methodology to outline a viable theory. The methodology we favor is a version of wide reflective equilibrium. We begin with psychological research on folk intuitions about wisdom, which (...)
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  31.  17
    The Relationship Between Androgen Levels and Human Spatial Abilities.Valerie J. Shute, James W. Pellegrino, Lawrence Hubert & Robert W. Reynolds - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (6):465-468.
  32.  6
    Robert Pinsky: Democracy, Culture and the Voice of Poetry. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New York, 2002.Jaime Macabías - 2003 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 3:162-164.
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  33.  18
    Animals and Other Worlds: Haraway Looks at Nature, Culture and Science.Michael Pinsky - 1998 - Angelaki 3 (1):117 – 122.
  34.  88
    Do Machines Think About Machines Thinking?Leonard Pinsky - 1951 - Mind 60 (July):397-398.
  35. Future Present: Ethics and/as Science Fiction.Pinsky Pinsky - 2003 - Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
    To prepare for the Other: this is the mission of ethics. Future Present: Ethics and/as Science Fiction fuses contemporary philosophy from Heidegger, Derrida, Levinas, and others with cultural texts preoccupied with the future arrival of an Other: science fiction. We peer through the lens of science fiction with the help of H. G. Wells, Walt Disney, Star Trek, David Cronenberg, Philip K. Dick, and many others, in search of a theory of ethics that leaves open the possibility of the Other (...)
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  36.  23
    Ode to Meaning.Robert Pinsky - 2003 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 27 (1):1–3.
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  37. Positivism and Realism.L. O. Pinsky - 1954 - Mind 63 (252):495-503.
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  38.  40
    Critical Realism as Emancipatory Action: The Case for Realistic Evaluation in Practice Development.Valerie Wilson & Brendan McCormack - 2006 - Nursing Philosophy 7 (1):45-57.
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  39.  86
    Substance and Procedure in Theories of Prudential Value.Valerie Tiberius - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (3):373 – 391.
    In this paper I argue that the debate between subjective and objective theories of prudential value obscures the way in which elements of both are needed for a comprehensive theory of prudential value. I suggest that we characterize these two types of theory in terms of their different aims: procedural (or subjective) theories give an account of the necessary conditions for something to count as good for a person, while substantive (or objective) theories give an account of what is good (...)
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  40.  45
    Food Assistance Through “Surplus” Food: Insights From an Ethnographic Study of Food Bank Work.Valerie Tarasuk & Joan M. Eakin - 2005 - Agriculture and Human Values 22 (2):177-186.
    .In Canada, food assistance is provided through a widespread network of extra-governmental, community-based, charitable programs, popularly termed “food banks”. Most of the food they distribute has been donated by food producers, processors, and retailers or collected through appeals to the public. Some industry donations are of market quality, but many donations are “surplus” food that cannot be retailed. Drawing on insights from an ethnographic study of food bank work in southern Ontario, we examined how the structure and function of food (...)
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  41.  22
    Well-Being, Wisdom and Thick Theorizing: On the Division of Labor Between Moral Philosophy and Positive Psychology.Valerie Tiberius - 2013 - In Simon Kirchin (ed.), Thick Concepts. Oxford University Press. pp. 217.
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  42. Why Be Moral? Can the Psychological Literature on Well-Being Shed Any Light?Valerie Tiberius - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (3):347-364.
    In Plato’s dialogue the Republic, Glaucon challenges Socrates to prove that the just (or moral) life is better or more advantageous than the unjust one. Socrates’s answer to the challenge is notoriously unsatisfying. Could new research on well-being in philosophy and psychology allow us to do better? After distinguishing two different approaches to the question “why be moral?” I argue that while new research on well-being does not provide an answer that would satisfy Glaucon, it does shed light on the (...)
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  43. Constructivism and Wise Judgment.Valerie Tiberius - 2012 - In Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 195.
    In this paper I introduce a version of constructivism that relies on a theory of practical wisdom. Wise judgment constructivism is a type of constructivism because it takes correct judgments about what we have “all-in” reason to do to be the result of a process we can follow, where our interest in the results of this process stems from our practical concerns. To fully defend the theory would require a comprehensive account of wisdom, which is not available. Instead, I describe (...)
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  44. Cultural Differences and Philosophical Accounts of Well-Being.Valerie Tiberius - 2004 - Journal of Happiness Studies 5:293-314.
    In cross-cultural studies of well-being psychologists have shown ways in which well-being or its constituents are tailored by culture (Arrindell et. al. 1997, Diener and Diener 1995, Kitayama et. al. 2000, Oishi & Diener 2001, Oishi et. al. 1999). Some psychologists have taken the fact of cultural variance to imply that there is no universal notion of well-being (Ryan and Deci, 2001, Christopher 1999). Most philosophers, on the other hand, have assumed that there is a notion of well-being that has (...)
     
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  45.  43
    Belief Bias in Informal Reasoning.Valerie Thompson & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):278 - 310.
    In two experiments we tested the hypothesis that the mechanisms that produce belief bias generalise across reasoning tasks. In formal reasoning (i.e., syllogisms) judgements of validity are influenced by actual validity, believability of the conclusions, and an interaction between the two. Although apparently analogous effects of belief and argument strength have been observed in informal reasoning, the design of those studies does not permit an analysis of the interaction effect. In the present studies we redesigned two informal reasoning tasks: the (...)
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  46.  12
    The Task-Specific Nature of Domain-General Reasoning.Valerie A. Thompson - 2000 - Cognition 76 (3):209-268.
  47.  65
    In Defense of Reflection.Valerie Tiberius - 2013 - Philosophical Issues 23 (1):223-243.
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  48.  23
    Young People Online and the Social Value of Privacy.Valerie Steeves & Priscilla Regan - 2014 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 12 (4):298-313.
  49. Does the Normal Brain Have a Theory of Mind?Valerie E. Stone & Philip Gerrans - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (1):3-4.
  50.  64
    Humean Heroism: Value Commitments and the Source of Normativity.Valerie Tiberius - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):426–446.
    This paper addresses the question "In virtue of what do practical reasons have normative force or justificatory power?" There seems to be good reason to doubt that desires are the source of normativity. However, I argue that the reasons to be suspicious of desire-based accounts of normativity can be overcome by a sufficiently sophisticated account. The position I defend in this paper is one according to which desires, or more generally, proattitudes, do constitute values and provide rational justifications of actions (...)
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