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Valerie Tiberius
University of Minnesota
  1.  33
    The Reflective Life: Living Wisely with Our Limits.Valerie Tiberius - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    How can we live life wisely? Tiberius argues that we need to develop the kind of wisdom that emphasizes the importance of learning from experience. We need to care about things that sustain us and give us good experiences, have perspective on our successes and failures, and be moderately self-aware and cautiously optimistic about human nature.
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  2. Quantifying the Gender Gap: An Empirical Study of the Underrepresentation of Women in Philosophy.Molly Paxton, Carrie Figdor & Valerie Tiberius - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (4):949-957.
    The lack of gender parity in philosophy has garnered serious attention recently. Previous empirical work that aims to quantify what has come to be called “the gender gap” in philosophy focuses mainly on the absence of women in philosophy faculty and graduate programs. Our study looks at gender representation in philosophy among undergraduate students, undergraduate majors, graduate students, and faculty. Our findings are consistent with what other studies have found about women faculty in philosophy, but we were able to add (...)
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  3. Arrogance.Valerie Tiberius & John D. Walker - 1998 - American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (4):379 - 390.
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  4. How Theories of Well-Being Can Help Us Help.Valerie Tiberius - 2014 - Journal of Practical Ethics 2 (2):1-19.
    Some theories of well-being in philosophy and in psychology define people’s well-being in psychological terms. According to these theories, living well is getting what you want, feeling satisfied, experiencing pleasure, or the like. Other theories take well-being to be something that is not defined by our psychology: for example, they define well-being in terms of objective values or the perfection of our human nature. These two approaches present us with a trade-off: The more we define well-being in terms of people’s (...)
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  5.  61
    Well-Being Policy: What Standard of Well-Being?Daniel M. Haybron & Valerie Tiberius - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (4):712--733.
  6. Well-Being.Valerie Tiberius & Alexandra Plakias - 2010 - In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press. pp. 402--432.
     
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  7. Well-Being: Psychological Research for Philosophers.Valerie Tiberius - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (5):493–505.
  8. Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction.Valerie Tiberius - 2014 - Routledge.
    This is the first philosophy textbook in moral psychology, introducing students to a range of philosophical topics and debates such as: What is moral motivation? Do reasons for action always depend on desires? Is emotion or reason at the heart of moral judgment? Under what conditions are people morally responsible? Are there self-interested reasons for people to be moral? Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction presents research by philosophers and psychologists on these topics, and addresses the overarching question of how empirical (...)
     
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  9.  80
    Substance and Procedure in Theories of Prudential Value.Valerie Tiberius - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (3):373 – 391.
    In this paper I argue that the debate between subjective and objective theories of prudential value obscures the way in which elements of both are needed for a comprehensive theory of prudential value. I suggest that we characterize these two types of theory in terms of their different aims: procedural (or subjective) theories give an account of the necessary conditions for something to count as good for a person, while substantive (or objective) theories give an account of what is good (...)
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  10.  53
    In Defense of Reflection.Valerie Tiberius - 2013 - Philosophical Issues 23 (1):223-243.
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  11.  24
    Comments on John Doris, Talking to Our Selves: Reflection, Ignorance, and Agency.Valerie Tiberius - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (3):758-764.
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  12.  89
    How to Think About Virtue and Right.Valerie Tiberius - 2006 - Philosophical Papers 35 (2):247-265.
    Robert Johnson argues that virtue ethical accounts of right action fail because they cannot take account of the fact that there are things we ought to do precisely because we do not possess virtuous character traits. Self-improving actions are his paradigm case and it would indeed be a problem if virtue ethics could not make sense of the propriety of self-improvement. To solve this serious problem, I propose that virtue ethics ought to define right action in terms of the virtuous (...)
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  13.  18
    Well-Being, Wisdom and Thick Theorizing: On the Division of Labor Between Moral Philosophy and Positive Psychology.Valerie Tiberius - 2013 - In Simon Kirchin (ed.), Thick Concepts. Oxford University Press. pp. 217.
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  14. Cultural Differences and Philosophical Accounts of Well-Being.Valerie Tiberius - 2004 - Journal of Happiness Studies 5:293-314.
    In cross-cultural studies of well-being psychologists have shown ways in which well-being or its constituents are tailored by culture (Arrindell et. al. 1997, Diener and Diener 1995, Kitayama et. al. 2000, Oishi & Diener 2001, Oishi et. al. 1999). Some psychologists have taken the fact of cultural variance to imply that there is no universal notion of well-being (Ryan and Deci, 2001, Christopher 1999). Most philosophers, on the other hand, have assumed that there is a notion of well-being that has (...)
     
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  15. Why Be Moral? Can the Psychological Literature on Well-Being Shed Any Light?Valerie Tiberius - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (3):347-364.
    In Plato’s dialogue the Republic, Glaucon challenges Socrates to prove that the just (or moral) life is better or more advantageous than the unjust one. Socrates’s answer to the challenge is notoriously unsatisfying. Could new research on well-being in philosophy and psychology allow us to do better? After distinguishing two different approaches to the question “why be moral?” I argue that while new research on well-being does not provide an answer that would satisfy Glaucon, it does shed light on the (...)
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  16.  49
    Humean Heroism: Value Commitments and the Source of Normativity.Valerie Tiberius - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):426–446.
    This paper addresses the question "In virtue of what do practical reasons have normative force or justificatory power?" There seems to be good reason to doubt that desires are the source of normativity. However, I argue that the reasons to be suspicious of desire-based accounts of normativity can be overcome by a sufficiently sophisticated account. The position I defend in this paper is one according to which desires, or more generally, proattitudes, do constitute values and provide rational justifications of actions (...)
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  17.  56
    Wisdom Revisited: A Case Study in Normative Theorizing.Valerie Tiberius & Jason Swartwood - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (3):277-295.
    Extensive discussions of practical wisdom are relatively rare in the philosophical literature these days. This is strange given the theoretical and practical importance of wisdom and, indeed, the etymology of the word "philosophy." In this paper, we remedy this inattention by proposing a methodology for developing a theory of wisdom and using this methodology to outline a viable theory. The methodology we favor is a version of wide reflective equilibrium. We begin with psychological research on folk intuitions about wisdom, which (...)
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  18.  68
    Virtue and Practical Deliberation.Valerie Tiberius - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 111 (2):147-172.
    The question of how to reason well is an important normative question,one which ultimately motivates some of our interest in the more abstracttopic of the principles of practical reason. It is this normative questionthat I propose to address by arguing that given the goal of an importantkind of deliberation, we will deliberate better if we develop certainvirtues. I give an account of the virtue of stability and I argue thatstability makes reasoners reason better. Further,I suggest at the end of the (...)
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  19. Constructivism and Wise Judgment.Valerie Tiberius - 2012 - In Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 195.
    In this paper I introduce a version of constructivism that relies on a theory of practical wisdom. Wise judgment constructivism is a type of constructivism because it takes correct judgments about what we have “all-in” reason to do to be the result of a process we can follow, where our interest in the results of this process stems from our practical concerns. To fully defend the theory would require a comprehensive account of wisdom, which is not available. Instead, I describe (...)
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  20.  23
    Perspective: A Prudential Virtue.Valerie Tiberius - 2002 - American Philosophical Quarterly 39 (4):305 - 324.
  21.  6
    The Moral Parameters of Good Talk: A Feminist Analysis. [REVIEW]Valerie Tiberius - 2000 - Dialogue 39 (1):161-162.
    This is an interesting and intelligent book which will be fruitfully read by teachers and others interested in combatting sexism in their everyday lives. The book does not contain profound philosophical arguments, but this is not a criticism of it. The author's contribution is an application of reasonable moral principles to empirical data in defense of feminist conclusions about our current linguistic practices. This is an important task, and one which Ayim accomplishes well. In this review I will first summarize (...)
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  22. The Reflective Life: Wisdom and Happiness for Real People.Valerie Tiberius - 2009 - In Lisa Bortolotti (ed.), Philosophy and Happiness. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 215--32.
     
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  23.  68
    Practical Reason and the Stability Standard.Valerie Tiberius - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (3):339-354.
    In this paper I argue that one of the standards that governs practical reasoning is the stability standard. The stability standard, I argue, is a norm that is constitutive of practical reasoning: insofar as we do not take violations of this norm to be relevant considerations, we do not count as engaged in reasoning at all. Furthermore, I argue that it is a standard we can explicitly employ in order to deliberate about our ends or desires themselves. Importantly, this standard (...)
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  24. Normative Theory and Psychological Research: Hedonism, Eudaimonism and Why It Matters.Valerie Tiberius & Alicia Hall - 2010 - Journal of Positive Psychology 5 (3):212-225..
    This paper is a contribution to the debate about eudaimonism started by Kashdan, Biswas-Diener, King, and Waterman in a previous issue of The Journal of Positive Psychology. We point out that one thing that is missing from this debate is an understanding of the problems with subjective theories of well-being that motivate a turn to objective theories. A better understanding of the rationale for objective theories helps us to see what is needed from a theory of well-being. We then argue (...)
     
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  25. Wisdom and Perspective.Valerie Tiberius - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (4):163 - 182.
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  26.  22
    Integrating Philosophical and Psychological Approaches to Well-Being: The Role of Success in Personal Projects.Cianna Bedford-Petersen, Colin G. DeYoung, Valerie Tiberius & Moin Syed - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (1):84-97.
    Interdisciplinary research on the relation of well-being to personality, virtue and life experience is impeded by lack of agreement about the nature of well-being. Psychologists tend to reduce well-being to various subjective evaluations. Philosophers tend to reject these reductions but often do not agree among themselves. We believe most conceptions of well-being can agree that well-being involves success in one’s personal projects and that personal projects should be a central construct for well-being assessments. Here we provide some initial evidence that (...)
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  27.  65
    Full Information and Ideal Deliberation.Valerie Tiberius - 1997 - Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (3):329-338.
    When we are confronted with choices we take to be important, choices that affect our more important ends or goals, we usually attempt to judge what would be best for us. We reflect on what is best for us when we have to decide such things as which college to attend, whether to go to graduate school or law school, whether to marry, or whether to take our parents in when they need care. When we make such decisions, we think (...)
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  28. Commentary.Erik Angner & Valerie Tiberius - unknown
    In the history of Western philosophy, questions of well-being and happiness have played a central role for some 2,500 years. Yet, when it comes to the systematic empirical study of happiness and satisfaction, philosophers are relative latecomers. Empirically-minded psychologists began studying systematically the determinants and distribution of happiness and satisfaction – understood as positive or desirable subjectively experienced mental states – during the 1920’s and 30’s, as personality psychology emerged as a bona fide subdiscipline of psychology shortly after World War (...)
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  29.  21
    Book ReviewsThomas Augst,. The Clerk’s Tale: Young Men and Moral Life in Nineteenth‐Century America.Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. Pp. 321. $62.00 ; $25.00. [REVIEW]Valerie Tiberius - 2005 - Ethics 115 (2):386-389.
  30. Value Commitments and the Balanced Life.Valerie Tiberius - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (1):24-45.
    According to critics such as Bernard Williams, traditional ethical theories render it impossible to lead good and meaningful lives because they emphasize moral duty or the promotion of external values at the expense of the personal commitments that make our lives worth living from our own perspective. Responses to this criticism have not addressed the fundamental question about the proper relationship between a person's commitments to moral values and her commitments to non-moral or personal values. In this article, I suggest (...)
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  31.  98
    Appiah and the Autonomy of Ethics.Valerie Tiberius - 2010 - Neuroethics 3 (3):209-214.
  32.  6
    Deliberation About the Good: Justifying What We Value.Valerie Tiberius - 1999 - Routledge.
    This work advances a theory of deliberation about the goals, projects and values that constitute a good or worthwhile life for a person. The central argument begins with the assumption that the concerns most people have in this kind of deliberation are to discover which goals are worth pursuing, or which ends worth valuing, given those features of ourselves that we find important on reflection, and choose our goals and values in such a way that our choices can bear our (...)
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  33.  88
    The Practical Irrelevance of Relativism.Valerie Tiberius - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):722-731.
    I learned a lot from reading Jesse Prinz's ambitious and entertaining book, The Emotional Construction of Morals. I think he’d be pleased to know that I learned many interesting things that I would not ordinarily find in a book of academic philosophy. Also, even when I disagreed with him, almost all of my questions were anticipated and addressed as the book proceeded, which is a very satisfying experience as a reader and high praise in philosophy. I say ‘almost all’ of (...)
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  34. Philosophical Foundations of Wisdom.Jason Swartwood & Valerie Tiberius - forthcoming - In Robert Sternberg & Judith Gluek (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Wisdom. Cambridge University Press.
    Practical wisdom (hereafter simply ‘wisdom’), which is the understanding required to make reliably good decisions about how we ought to live, is something we all have reason to care about. The importance of wisdom gives rise to questions about its nature: what kind of state is wisdom, how can we develop it, and what is a wise person like? These questions about the nature of wisdom give rise to further questions about proper methods for studying wisdom. Is the study of (...)
     
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  35.  40
    Beyond the Experience Machine: How to Build a Theory of Well-Being.Valerie Tiberius - 2013 - In Matthew C. Haug (ed.), Philosophical Methodology: The Armchair or the Laboratory? Routledge. pp. 398.
  36.  33
    Open-Mindedness And.. Normative Contingency.Valerie Tiberius - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 7:182.
  37. Eudaimonia.Valerie Tiberius & Michelle Mason - 2009 - In Shane J. Lopez (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 1--351.
  38.  53
    Maintaining Conviction and the Humean Account of Normativity.Valerie Tiberius - 2002 - Topoi 21 (1-2):165-173.
  39.  52
    Julia Driver, Uneasy Virtue (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), Pp. VII + 134.Valerie Tiberius - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (3):350-351.
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  40.  16
    Facing the Facts and Living Well: Comments on Neera Badhwar, Well-Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life.Valerie Tiberius - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (1):219-226.
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  41.  20
    Justifying Reasons for Valuing.Valerie Tiberius - 1999 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (1):141-158.
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  42.  27
    Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View (Christine Swanton). [REVIEW]Valerie Tiberius - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (2):494-497.
    Christine Swanton’s Virtue Ethics is a welcome addition to the newly flourishing field of virtue ethics. Swanton defends a rich and multifaceted virtue ethical theory that differs in interesting ways from the current paradigm, Aristotelian virtue ethics. The richness of her theory is, in part, dictated by her methodology: wide reflective equilibrium. Taking this methodology seriously, she draws on a wide range of scholarship not just in philosophy but also in psychiatry, psychology, sociology, and education.
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  43.  14
    Justifying Reasons for Valuing: An Argument Against the Social Account.Valerie Tiberius - 1999 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (1):141-158.
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  44.  1
    Humean Heroism: Value Commitments and the Source of Normativity.Valerie Tiberius - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):426-446.
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  45. The Value of Time and Leisure in a World of Work.Kevin Aho, Robert Audi, Peter A. French, Al Gini, Charles Guignon, Annette Holba, Marcia Homiak, Mike W. Martin & Valerie Tiberius - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    This book is concerned with how we should think and act in our work, leisure activities, and time utilization in order to achieve flourishing lives. The scope papers range from general theoretical considerations of the value, e.g. 'What is a balanced life?', to specific types of considerations, e.g. 'How should we cope with the effects of work on moral decision-making?'.
     
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  46. Aristotle.Michelle Mason & Valerie Tiberius - 2009 - In Shane J. Lopez (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  47. Well-Being as Value Fulfillment: How We Can Help Each Other to Live Well.Valerie Tiberius - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    What is well-being? This is one of humanity's oldest and deepest questions; Valerie Tiberius offers a fresh answer. She argues that our lives go well to the extent that we succeed in what matters to us emotionally, reflectively, and over the long term. So when we want to help others achieve well-being, we should pay attention to their values.
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