Results for 'Value Theory'

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  1.  95
    Value Theory.Francesco Orsi - 2015 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    What is it for a car, a piece of art or a person to be good, bad or better than another? In this first book-length introduction to value theory, Francesco Orsi explores the nature of evaluative concepts used in everyday thinking and speech and in contemporary philosophical discourse. The various dimensions, structures and connections that value concepts express are interrogated with clarity and incision. -/- Orsi provides a systematic survey of both classic texts including Plato, Aristotle, Kant, (...)
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  2. Value Theory and Ecology in Environmental Ethics: A Comparison of Rolston and Niebuhr.Judith N. Scoville - 1995 - Environmental Ethics 17 (2):115-133.
    The objective of Holmes Rolston, III’s writings has been the development of an “ecologically formed” environmental ethics based both on environmental values and ecological description. I show how recasting Rolston’s value theory in terms of H. Richard Niebuhr’s relational value theory can clarify and strengthen this project. Niebuhr developed a theory of value in which value is found in relationships and value systems are constructed in relation to centers of value. Niebuhr’s (...)
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  3. Value Theory.Mark Schroeder - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The term “value theory” is used in at least three different ways in philosophy. In its broadest sense, “value theory” is a catch-all label used to encompass all branches of moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, aesthetics, and sometimes feminist philosophy and the philosophy of religion — whatever areas of philosophy are deemed to encompass some “evaluative” aspect. In its narrowest sense, “value theory” is used for a relatively narrow area of normative ethical (...) of particular concern to consequentialists. In this narrow sense, “value theory” is roughly synonymous with “axiology”. Axiology can be thought of as primarily concerned with classifying what things are good, and how good they are. For instance, a traditional question of axiology concerns whether the objects of value are subjective psychological states, or objective states of the world. (shrink)
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  4.  23
    Value Theory in Ecological Economics: The Contribution of a Political Economy of Wealth.Ali Douai - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (3):257-284.
    This paper demonstrates how a Political Economy of Wealth – an analytical framework inspired from Ricardo's and Marx's theories of value – strengthens the analytical force of Socio- Ecological Economics in the context of the controversy over the value of nature. The Political Economy of Wealth helps to overcome some theoretical limitations encountered in Socio- Ecological Economics, to develop a critical perspective on neoclassical theory of environmental values, as well as a new justification of value incommensurability, (...)
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  5.  15
    Value Theory and Dialectics.Tony Smith - 1998 - Science and Society 62 (3):460 - 470.
    If Capital is read as a work in systematic dialectics, early and later stages of the work do not relate externally as model and concrete reality. Both are instead different conceptualizations of the same totality. On this reading standard objections to the so-called "transformation problem" dissipate. An appreciation of dialectics also enables a deeper comprehension of Marx's key notions of "value" and "abstract labor.".
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  6.  3
    Value Theory in Soviet Philosophy.Richard T. De George - 1963 - Memorias Del XIII Congreso Internacional de Filosofía 4:133-143.
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  7. Polish Value Theory: Five Lectures with Texts.Czesław Porębski - 1996 - Jagiellonian University Press.
  8. Value Theory and Ethics : An Introductory Perspective.Jinfen Yan & David E. Schrader - 2009 - In Jinfen Yan & David E. Schrader (eds.), Creating a Global Dialogue on Value Inquiry: Papers From the Xxii Congress of Philosophy (Rethinking Philosophy Today). Edwin Mellen Press.
     
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  9.  17
    Stoic Value Theory: Indifferent Things and Conditional Goods.Daniel C. Russell - 2004 - Southwest Philosophy Review 20 (1):125-137.
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  10. Value Theory and Theology.H. Richard Niebuhr - 1937 - In Eugene Garrett Bewkes, Julius Seelye Bixler & Douglas Clyde Macintosh (eds.), The Nature of Religious Experience. London: Harper & Brothers.
     
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  11. Epistemic Value Theory and Information Ethics.Don Fallis - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (1):101-117.
    Three of the major issues in information ethics – intellectual property, speech regulation, and privacy – concern the morality of restricting people’s access to certain information. Consequently, policies in these areas have a significant impact on the amount and types of knowledge that people acquire. As a result, epistemic considerations are critical to the ethics of information policy decisions (cf. Mill, 1978 [1859]). The fact that information ethics is a part of the philosophy of information highlights this important connection with (...)
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  12. Value Theory and the Problem of Moral Obligation.W. H. Werkmeister - 1964 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 45 (3):354.
     
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  13.  21
    Value Theory and Capital Accumulation.Paul Mattick - 1959 - Science and Society 23 (1):27 - 51.
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  14. Value, Theory Of.Abraham Edel - 1992 - In Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ethics. Garland Publishing.
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  15.  28
    Historical Spectrum of Value Theories. [REVIEW]S. C. A. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):819-820.
    These volumes provide a large introduction to the works of modern value theory from their beginnings in J. Bentham, F. Nietzsche, and H. Lotze to the more recent Anglo-American studies. Volume I is concerned with "the German-Language Group." Extensive discussion is devoted to the views of F. Brentano, A. Meinong, C. von Ehrenfels, J. C. Kreibig, E. Heyde, H. Rickert, H. Münsterberg, M. Scheler, K. Wiederhold, W. Stern, F. Wilken, M. Beck, and V. Krafts. It provides a good (...)
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  16.  75
    Value Theory and the Best Interests Standard1.David Degrazia - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (1):50-61.
    The idea of a patient's best interests raises issues in prudential value theory–the study of what makes up an individual's ultimate good or well‐being. While this connection may strike a philosopher as obvious, the literature on the best interests standard reveals almost no engagement of recent work in value theory. There seems to be a growing sentiment among bioethicists that their work is independent of philosophical theorizing. Is this sentiment wrong in the present case? Does (...) theory make a significant difference in interpreting best interests? In pursuing this question, I begin with a quick sketch of broad kinds of value theories, identifying representatives that are plausible enough to count as contenders. I then explore what each account suggests in neonatal treatment decisions, and decisions for patients in persistent vegetative states. I conclude that while these accounts converge somewhat in their interpretations of best interests, they also have importantly different implications. (shrink)
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  17. The Value Theory of Democracy.Corey Brettschneider - 2006 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (3):259-278.
    Liberal political theorists often argue that justice requires limits on policy outcomes, limits delineated by substantive rights. Distinct from this project is a body of literature dedicated to elaborating on the meaning of democracy in procedural terms. In this article, I offer an alternative to the traditional divide between procedural theories of democracy and substantive theories of justice; I call this the ‘value theory of democracy’. I argue that the democratic ideal is fundamentally about a core set of (...)
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  18. Epistemic Value Theory and Social Epistemology.Don Fallis - 2006 - Episteme 2 (3):177-188.
    In order to guide the decisions of real people who want to bring about good epistemic outcomes for themselves and others, we need to understand our epistemic values. In Knowledge in a Social World, Alvin Goldman has proposed an epistemic value theory that allows us to say whether one outcome is epistemically better than another. However, it has been suggested that Goldman's theory is not really an epistemic value theory at all because whether one outcome (...)
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  19.  7
    The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory.Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Value theory, or axiology, looks at what things are good or bad, how good or bad they are, and, most fundamentally, what it is for a thing to be good or bad. Questions about value and about what is valuable are important to moral philosophers, since most moral theories hold that we ought to promote the good. This Handbook focuses on value theory as it pertains to ethics, broadly construed, and provides a comprehensive overview of (...)
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  20. Introduction to Value Theory.Nicholas Rescher - 1969 - Upa.
    A reprint of the popular 1969, Prentice-Hall edition, the principal innovation of this philosophical introduction to value theory is its focus upon values as they are dealt with in everyday life situations, and have sometimes been studied by sociologists and social psychologists, rather than upon value as has been standard in the philosophical tradition.
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  21.  20
    The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory.Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Value theory, or axiology, looks at what things are good or bad, how good or bad they are, and, most fundamentally, what it is for a thing to be good or bad. Questions about value and about what is valuable are important to moral philosophers, since most moral theories hold that we ought to promote the good. This Handbook focuses on value theory as it pertains to ethics, broadly construed, and provides a comprehensive overview of (...)
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  22.  15
    Value Theory and the Behavioral Sciences.Rollo Handy - 1969 - Springfield, Ill., Thomas.
  23.  25
    Interactional Value Theory: An Interpretation. [REVIEW]Amarjit S. Sethi - 1986 - Journal of Value Inquiry 20 (3):209-222.
    The imperatives of organization, technology, and planning operate similarly in both capitalist and Marxist systems. Differences in behavioural outputs (such as organizational productivity, industrial relations behaviour, or the outcomes of different health services systems) can be explained by adopting a framework of an interactional value theory which accepts convergence of different value systems and points out and analyzes differences in outputs in light of interactions between available “climatic techniques and preferred values”. The interactional approach links together “ethical (...)
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  24.  31
    Value Theory and the "Golden Eggs": Appropriating the Magic of Accumulation.Michael W. Macy - 1988 - Sociological Theory 6 (2):131-152.
    Prominent neo-Marxists have recently acknowledged longstanding criticisms of Marx's labor theory of value as at best a cumbersome and redundant price model but continue to variously defend the doctrine as an interpretation of historically observed class conflict between exploiters and exploited. This essay counters that value theory also fails badly as a "labor theory of exploitation." The fundamental flaw is the canonical premise that labor alone is productive, with normative implications closer to the entrepreneurial work (...)
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  25.  23
    Systems of Ethics and Value Theory.William S. Sahakian - 1963 - New York: Philosophical Library.
    In the extensive study, Systems of Ethics and Value Theory, author William S. Sahakian deconstructs these two complex philosophical systems for a scholarly audience.
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  26. Value Theory.Thomas Hurka - 2006 - In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press. pp. 357--379.
    This chapter surveys a variety of views about which states of affairs are intrinsically good, that is, in themselves or apart from their consequences. It considers the claims to intrinsic value of such states of individuals as pleasure, the fulfillment of desire, knowledge, achievement, moral virtue, and personal relationships; the different ways such goods can be compared and aggregated both within and across individual lives; and the possibility, given a principle of “organic unities,” of goods located in wholes larger (...)
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  27.  77
    Epistemic Value Theory and Judgment Aggregation.Don Fallis - 2005 - Episteme 2 (1):39-55.
    The doctrinal paradox shows that aggregating individual judgments by taking a majority vote does not always yield a consistent set of collective judgments. Philip Pettit, Luc Bovens, and Wlodek Rabinowicz have recently argued for the epistemic superiority of an aggregation procedure that always yields a consistent set of judgments. This paper identifies several additional epistemic advantages of their consistency maintaining procedure. However, this paper also shows that there are some circumstances where the majority vote procedure is epistemically superior. The epistemic (...)
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  28. Value Theory, Beneficence, and Medical Decision-Making.David DeGrazia - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):71-73.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 71-73.
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  29.  10
    Ecology and Value Theory.E. M. Adams - 1972 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):3-6.
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  30.  8
    Value Theory in Twentieth-Century Russian Philosophy.Sergey F. Anisimov - 1996 - Journal of Value Inquiry 30 (1-2):91-100.
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  31.  25
    Comparative Value Theory.Robert Edgar Carter - 1979 - Journal of Value Inquiry 13 (1):33-56.
  32. Constitutionalism and Value Theory.Andras Szigeti - 2010 - In Andras Sajo & Renata Uitz (eds.), Constitutional Topography: Values and Constitutions. ELEVEN INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING.
    The theory and practice of constitutionalism is tightly interwoven with references and appeals to values. However, these references and appeals frequently remain undertheorized and are seldom connected directly to philosophical theories of value. This chapter outlines some ways in which such connections might be established.
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  33.  3
    Value Theory and the Behavioral Sciences.David H. Degrood - 1969 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (2):303-304.
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  34.  2
    Value Theory and the Behavioral Sciences.R. F. Atkinson - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (82):89-90.
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  35.  22
    Economic Value Theory as a Policy Guide. Oliver - 1957 - Ethics 68 (3):186-193.
  36.  18
    Value Theory as a Formal System.Robert S. Hartman - 1958 - Kant Studien 50 (1-4):287-315.
  37.  70
    Technology and Value Theory.Carol Ann Smith - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:481 - 490.
    A rough categorization of issues in the field of Technology and Society Studies is provided and the kinds of values and value issues under discussion are examined. It is argued that value theory is not sufficiently well-developed to address some of the value issues that arise. Three approaches to values with which the author disagrees are discussed: the atomistic view of values; the ordinary language approach; and, an approach the author calls the "rationality approach". Under the (...)
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  38.  62
    An Epistemic Value Theory.Dennis Whitcomb - 2007 - Dissertation, Rutgers
    For any normative domain, we can theorize about what is good in that domain. Such theories include utilitarianism, a view about what is good morally. But there are many domains other than the moral; these include the prudential, the aesthetic, and the intellectual or epistemic. In this last domain, it is good to be knowledgeable and bad to ignore evidence, quite apart from the morality, prudence, and aesthetics of these things. This dissertation builds a theory that stands to the (...)
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  39.  21
    Introduction to Value Theory[REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):564-564.
    Rescher has prepared this book for use as a text in upper level courses in value theory, and as supplementary reading in courses in normative ethics, methodology in economic theory, and methodology in the social sciences. Some sections have been published previously. More than half the chapters are new material. Reference tools are provided in 50 pages of bibliography and indexes. The values studied are the ordinary ones of life situations. Rescher takes an essentially objectivist view of (...)
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  40.  1
    Lectures on Polish Value Theory.Czesław Porębski - 2019 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This book introduces an important chapter of Polish 20th century philosophy, by analyzing the studies that contributed to value theory; i.e. the studies of Kazimierz Twardowski, Tadeusz Czeżowski, Tadeusz Kotarbiński, Władysław Tatarkiewicz, Roman Ingarden, Henryk Elzenberg, Maria Ossowska, and Józef Maria Bocheński.
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  41.  76
    Notions of the Stoic Value Theory in Contemporary Debates: Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide.Evangelos D. Protopapadakis - 2009 - Journal of Classical Studies MS 11:213-221.
    Arguments concerning central issues of contemporary Medical Ethics often not only bear similarities, but also derive their sheer essence from notions which belong to the celebrated history of Ethics. Thus, argumentation pro euthanasia and assisted suicide which focus on the detainment of dignity and the ensuring of posthumous reputation on behalf of the moral agent is shown to echo stoic views on arête and the subordination of life to the primary human goal, namely the achievement of virtue. The progress made (...)
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  42.  32
    Ecology and Value Theory.E. M. Adams - 1972 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):3-6.
  43.  44
    Stoic Value Theory: Indifferent Things and Conditional Goods.Daniel C. Russell - 2004 - Southwest Philosophy Review 20 (1):125-137.
  44.  3
    On Value Theory, by Way of the Commonplace.Joseph Margolis - 1956 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 17 (4):504-515.
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  45. The Face‐Value Theory, Know‐That, Know‐Wh and Know‐How.Giulia Felappi - 2019 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):63-72.
    For sentences such as (1), "Columbus knows that the sea is unpredictable", there is a face-value theory, according to which ‘that’-clauses are singular terms denoting propositions. Famously, Prior raised an objection to the theory, but defenders of the face-value theory such as Forbes, King, Künne, Pietroski and Stanley urged that the objection could be met by maintaining that in (1) ‘to know’ designates a complex relation along the lines of being in a state of knowledge (...)
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  46.  48
    Value Theory and Aesthetics.Wilbur M. Urban - 1926 - The Monist 36 (4):605-626.
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  47.  13
    The Value-Theory of C. I. Lewis.Lester Meckler - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (20):565-579.
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  48. Values and Value Theories in the Light of Sri Aurobindo.V. Madhusudan Reddy - 1973 - Institute of Human Study.
     
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  49.  32
    The Value Theory of V. P. Tugarinov.James J. O'Rourke - 1984 - Studies in East European Thought 28 (2):109-116.
  50.  18
    The Value Theory of V. P. Tugarinov.James J. O'Rourke - 1984 - Studies in Soviet Thought 28 (2):109-116.
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