Results for 'Vance Adair'

320 found
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  1.  2
    Mark Wigley, The Architecture of Deconstruction: Derrida's Haunt , Xv + 278 Pp.Vance Adair - 1996 - Oxford Literary Review 18 (1):232-235.
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  2. States of Contradiction: Twelve Ways to Do Nothing About Trafficking While Pretending To.Carole S. Vance - 2011 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 78 (3):933-948.
    In the form of a tongue-in-cheek how-to guide, Carole S. Vance discusses the complex role of the state and the media with regard to human trafficking. Calling attention to the portrayal of human trafficking as an overwhelmingly female issue, Vance explores the ubiquitous connection between prostitution and human trafficking, and weighs the impact of this portrayal on men and women who are trafficked into other, less problematized sectors of labor. Vance also contemplates the handling of human trafficking (...)
     
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  3. Emotion and the New Epistemic Challenge From Cognitive Penetrability.Jona Vance - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 169 (2):257-283.
    Experiences—visual, emotional, or otherwise—play a role in providing us with justification to believe claims about the world. Some accounts of how experiences provide justification emphasize the role of the experiences’ distinctive phenomenology, i.e. ‘what it is like’ to have the experience. Other accounts emphasize the justificatory role to the experiences’ etiology. A number of authors have used cases of cognitively penetrated visual experience to raise an epistemic challenge for theories of perceptual justification that emphasize the justificatory role of phenomenology rather (...)
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  4. Noise, Uncertainty, and Interest: Predictive Coding and Cognitive Penetration.Jona Vance & Dustin Stokes - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:86-98.
    This paper concerns how extant theorists of predictive coding conceptualize and explain possible instances of cognitive penetration. §I offers brief clarification of the predictive coding framework and relevant mechanisms, and a brief characterization of cognitive penetration and some challenges that come with defining it. §II develops more precise ways that the predictive coding framework can explain, and of course thereby allow for, genuine top-down causal effects on perceptual experience, of the kind discussed in the context of cognitive penetration. §III develops (...)
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  5. Attentional Processes and Meditation.Holley S. Hodgins & Kathryn C. Adair - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):872--878.
    Visual attentional processing was examined in adult meditators and non-meditators on behavioral measures of change blindness, concentration, perspective-shifting, selective attention, and sustained inattentional blindness. Results showed that meditators noticed more changes in flickering scenes and noticed them more quickly, counted more accurately in a challenging concentration task, identified a greater number of alternative perspectives in multiple perspectives images, and showed less interference from invalid cues in a visual selective attention task, but did not differ on a measure of sustained inattentional (...)
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  6.  62
    Cognitive Penetration and the Tribunal of Experience.Jona Vance - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):641-663.
    Perception purports to help you gain knowledge of the world even if the world is not the way you expected it to be. Perception also purports to be an independent tribunal against which you can test your beliefs. It is natural to think that in order to serve these and other central functions, perceptual representations must not causally depend on your prior beliefs and expectations. In this paper, I clarify and then argue against the natural thought above. All perceptual systems (...)
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  7. Climate Change, Individual Emissions, and Foreseeing Harm.Chad Vance - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (5):562-584.
    There are a number of cases where, collectively, groups cause harm, and yet no single individual’s contribution to the collective makes any difference to the amount of harm that is caused. For instance, though human activity is collectively causing climate change, my individual greenhouse gas emissions are neither necessary nor sufficient for any harm that results from climate change. Some (e.g., Sinnott-Armstrong) take this to indicate that there is no individual moral obligation to reduce emissions. There is a collective action (...)
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  8.  32
    The World is a Necessary Being.Chad Vance - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-14.
    A standard conception of metaphysical modality accepts that (i) Some de re modal claims are true, (ii) These should be understood in terms of a possible worlds semantics, and (iii) There is trans-world identity. For instance, it seems true that Humphrey could have won the election. In possible worlds speak, we say that there exists a possible world where Humphrey wins the election. Furthermore (given trans-world identity), had that possibility been actualized instead of this one, Humphrey—our Humphrey, the very same (...)
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  9.  46
    Linking Linear/Nonlinear Thinking Style Balance and Managerial Ethical Decision-Making.Kevin Groves, Charles Vance & Yongsun Paik - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):305-325.
    This study presents the results of an empirical analysis of the relationship between managerial thinking style and ethical decision-making. Data from 200 managers across multiple organizations and industries demonstrated that managers predominantly adopt a utilitarian perspective when forming ethical intent across a series of business ethics vignettes. Consistent with expectations, managers utilizing a balanced linear/nonlinear thinking style demonstrated a greater overall willingness to provide ethical decisions across ethics vignettes compared to managers with a predominantly linear thinking style. However, results comparing (...)
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  10.  62
    Classical Theism and Modal Realism Are Incompatible.Chad Vance - 2016 - Religious Studies 52 (4):561-572.
    The standard conception of God is that of a necessary being. On a possible worlds semantics, this entails that God exists at every possible world. According to the modal realist account of David Lewis, possible worlds are understood to be real, concrete worlds—no different in kind from the actual world. Some have argued that Lewis’s view is incompatible with classical theism (e.g., Sheehy, 2006). More recently, Ross Cameron (2009) has defended the thesis that Lewisian modal realism and classical theism are (...)
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  11.  28
    Heroic Antireductionism and Genetics: A Tale of One Science.Russell E. Vance - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):45.
    In this paper I provide a novel argument against the claim that classical genetics is being reduced to molecular genetics. Specifically, I demonstrate that reductionists must subscribe to the unargued and problematic thesis that molecular genetics is 'independent' of classical genetics. I also argue that several standard antireductionist positions can be faulted for unnecessarily conceding the Independence Thesis to the reductionists. In place of a 'tale of two sciences', I offer a 'heroic' stance that denies classical genetics is being reduced, (...)
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  12.  61
    Dispositional Modal Truthmakers and the Necessary Origin.Chad Vance - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (4):1111-1127.
    Several philosophers have recently suggested that truths about unactualized metaphysical possibilities are true in virtue of the existence of actual objects and their dispositional properties. For example, on this view, it is true that unicorns are metaphysically possible only if some actual object has (or had) the disposition to bring it about that there are unicorns. This view, a dispositionalist version of what has recently been dubbed “The New Actualism,” is a proposal about the nature of modal truthmakers. But, I (...)
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  13.  58
    The Recycling Problem for Event Individuation.Chad Vance - 2016 - Erkenntnis 81 (1):1-16.
    If the wedding had taken place an hour later, it would have been rained out. When we make counterfactual claims like this, we indicate that events are not terribly fragile things. That is, we typically think of events as particulars which can survive small changes in nearby possible worlds, such that one and the same event could have occurred under slightly different circumstances. I argue, however, that any account of “non-fragile” event individuation is subject to what is known as the (...)
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  14. The Correlation Between Hunting and Crime: A Comment.Holiday E. Adair - 1995 - Society and Animals 3 (2):189-195.
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  15.  55
    Truthmaker Theory Does Not Solve The Gettier Problem.Chad Vance - 2014 - Ratio 27 (3):291-305.
    Truthmaker theory has become immensely popular in recent years. So, it is not surprising that we are beginning to see it put to work in other areas of philosophy. Recently, several philosophers have proposed that truthmaker theory is the key to solving the Gettier problem. Edmund Gettier demonstrated that the traditional analysis of knowledge (as justified, true belief) was unsatisfactory. The truthmaker solution proposes that knowledge is a justified, true belief, where the source of one's justification is either identical to, (...)
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  16.  7
    Stigmata: A Memoir of Pain and Resistance.Vivyan Adair - 2019 - Feminist Studies 45 (1):235.
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  17.  82
    Sculpture.Robert D. Vance - 1995 - British Journal of Aesthetics 35 (3):217-226.
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  18. The Star of Christ in the Light of Astronomy.Aaron Adair - 2012 - Zygon 47 (1):7-29.
    Abstract Centuries of both theologians and astronomers have wondered what the Star of Bethlehem (Matt 2:2, 9) actually was, from miracle to planetary conjunction. Here a history of this search is presented, along with the difficulties the various proposals have had. The natural theories of the Star are found to be a recent innovation, and now almost exclusively maintained by scientists rather than theologians. Current problems with various theories are recognized, as well as general problems with the approach. The interactions (...)
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  19.  34
    The Combined Probabilities of 345 Studies: Only Half the Story?John G. Adair - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):386-387.
  20.  32
    Causal Relevance, Permissible Omissions, and Famine Relief.Chad Vance - 2018 - Dialectica 72 (1):25-47.
    Failures are sometimes, but not always, causally relevant to events. For instance, the failure of the sprinkler was causally relevant to the house fire. However, the failure of the dam upstream to break (thus inundating the house with water) was not. Similarly, failures to prevent harms are sometimes, but not always, morally wrong. For instance, failing to save a nearby drowning child is morally wrong. Yet, you are also in some sense “allowing” someone on another continent to drown right now, (...)
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  21.  21
    HIV Status and Age at First Marriage Among Women in Cameroon.Timothy Adair - 2008 - Journal of Biosocial Science 40 (5):743-760.
    Summary Recent research has highlighted the risk of HIV infection for married teenage women compared with their unmarried counterparts (Clark, 2004). This study assesses whether a relationship exists, for women who have completed their adolescence (age 20–29 years), between HIV status with age at first marriage and the length of time between first sex and first marriage. Multivariate analysis utilizing the nationally representative 2004 Cameroon Demographic and Health Survey shows that late-marrying women and those with a longer period of pre-marital (...)
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  22.  32
    Maternal Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors Associated with the Sex Ratio at Birth in Vietnam.Bang Nguyen Pham, Timothy Adair & Peter S. Hill - 2010 - Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (6):757-772.
    In recent years Vietnam has experienced a high sex ratio at birth SRB) amidst rapid socioeconomic and demographic changes. However, little is known about the differentials in SRB between maternal socioeconomic and demographic groups. The paper uses data from the annual Population Change Survey (PCS) in 2006 to examine the relationship of the sex ratio of the most recent birth with maternal socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and the number of previous female births. The SRB of Vietnam was significantly high at (...)
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  23. Unity and Difference: A Critical Appraisal of Polarizing Gender Identities.Stephanie Adair - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (4):847-863.
    In The Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel draws out the interdependency of unity and difference. In order to have a unity, there must be differences that compose it, as a unity unifies different elements. At the same time, in unifying these elements, they must not cease to be different from one another, as that would reduce the unity to a simple singularity.In this paper, I take up this interdependency of unity and difference, applying it to gender identities. I follow the psychoanalytically (...)
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  24.  44
    Modal Truthmakers, Truth Conditions, and Analyses: Or, How to Avoid the Humphrey Objection.Chad Vance - 2017 - Acta Analytica 32 (2):145-159.
    Truthmakers, truth conditions, and analyses are closely related, but distinct in rather important ways. A failure to properly appreciate their differences has led to some confusion regarding the role that possible worlds ought to play with respect to modality. Those philosophers who initially proposed the existence of possible worlds were understood as providing an analysis of modality. More recently, many have interpreted them as providing modal truthmakers. But, possible worlds are only suited to serve as truth conditions for modal truths. (...)
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  25.  27
    Technology Assessment and Resource Allocation for Predictive Genetic Testing: A Study of the Perspectives of Canadian Genetic Health Care Providers.Alethea Adair, Robyn Hyde-Lay, Edna Einsiedel & Timothy Caulfield - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):6-.
    With a growing number of genetic tests becoming available to the health and consumer markets, genetic health care providers in Canada are faced with the challenge of developing robust decision rules or guidelines to allocate a finite number of public resources. The objective of this study was to gain Canadian genetic health providers' perspectives on factors and criteria that influence and shape resource allocation decisions for publically funded predictive genetic testing in Canada. The authors conducted semi-structured interviews with 16 senior (...)
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  26.  1
    Commentary: The Myth of Cognitive Agency: Subpersonal Thinking as a Cyclically Recurring Loss of Mental Autonomy.Jonna Vance - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  27.  8
    Unwilling Consumers: A Historical Materialist Conception of Compulsory Sexuality.Carter Vance - 2018 - Studies in Social Justice 12 (1):133-151.
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  28.  39
    An Ethical Argument for Host Country Workforce Training and Development in the Expatriate Management Assignment.Charles M. Vance & Eduardo S. Paderon - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (8):635 - 641.
    This paper seeks to establish the ethical foundation of MNCs' responsibility for providing host country workforce (HCW) preparation and training attendant to the new expatriate management assignment. It argues that such moral responsibility arises from a set of correlative duties which MNCs acquire as business institutions. They include duties involving the expatriate manager, the HCW, and the host nation to (1) assist all employees, including the expatriate manager, in the successful execution of their assignments; (2) avoid the semblance of discriminatory (...)
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  29.  5
    A Physics Editor Comments on Peters and Ceci's Peer-Review Study.Robert K. Adair - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):196-196.
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  30.  30
    Subjects' Access to Cognitive Processes: Demand Characteristics and Verbal Report.John G. Adair & Barry Spinner - 1981 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 11 (1):31–52.
    The present paper examines the arguments and data presented by Nisbett and Wilson relevant to their thesis that subjects do not have access to their own cognitive processes. It is concluded that their review of previous research is selective and incomplete and that the data they present in behalf of their thesis does not withstand a demand characteristics analysis. Furthermore, their use of observer-subject similarity as evidence of subjects' inability to access cognitive processes makes tests of their hypothesis confounded and, (...)
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  31.  20
    Attitude–Scenario–Emotion Sentiments Are Superficial.Heather Adair & Peter Carruthers - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  32.  14
    Thinking with, Against, and Beyond the Pratyabhijñā Philosophy—and Back Again.Sari L. Berger, J. M. Fritzman & Brandon J. Vance - 2018 - Asian Philosophy 28 (1):1-19.
    We argue that the pratyabhijñā system of Kaśmir Śaivism holds an inconsistent position. On the one hand, the Pratyabhijñā regards Śiva as an impersonal mechanism and the universe, including persons, as not having agency; call this the Impersonal Component. On the other hand, it considers Śiva himself as a person, and individual persons as having agency sufficient to respond to Śiva; call this the Personal Component. We maintain that the Personal Component should be affirmed and the Impersonal Component rejected. The (...)
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  33.  29
    The Modality of Artistic Objects.Stephanie Adair - 2017 - Axiomathes 27 (2):147-159.
    Nicolai Hartmann describes how artistic objects arise through the interplay between a material foreground and immaterial background. In this paper, I show how the layered structure also prevents the modal imbalance inherent in artistic objects from violating the intermodal laws of the real. The real law of intermodal implication specifies that real possibility cannot extend beyond real necessity. I begin by explicating the real intermodal laws and describing how they give the real sphere its characteristic narrowness and determinateness. Hartmann describes (...)
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  34.  12
    Medievalisms and Models of Textuality. [REVIEW]Eugene Vance - 1985 - Diacritics 15 (3):54.
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  35.  24
    An Oasis in the Desert? The Benefits and Constraints of Mobile Markets Operating in Syracuse, New York Food Deserts.Jonnell A. Robinson, Evan Weissman, Susan Adair, Matthew Potteiger & Joaquin Villanueva - 2016 - Agriculture and Human Values 33 (4):877-893.
    In this paper we critically examine mobile markets as an emerging approach to serving communities with limited healthy food options. Mobile markets are essentially farm stands on wheels, bringing fresh fruits, vegetables and other food staples into neighborhoods, especially those lacking traditional, full service grocery stores, or where a significant proportion of the population lacks transportation to grocery stores. We first trace the emergence of contemporary mobile markets, including a brief summary about how and where they operate, what they aim (...)
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  36. 38. Feminist Antipornography Legislation.Lisa Duggan, Nan Hunter & Carole Vance - 1993 - In James P. Sterba (ed.), Morality in Practice. Wadsworth. pp. 326.
     
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  37. The Field for Virtue and Getting a Feel for It.Ronald Polansky, Stephanie Adair & Geoffrey Bagwell - 2009 - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 20:15-26.
  38.  32
    Rethinking Irish History. Nationalism, Identity and Ideology: Patrick O’Mahony and Gerard Delanty; Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2001, 222pp, £22-95, ISBN 0-333-97110-8. [REVIEW]Norman Vance - 2003 - History of European Ideas 29 (2):251-253.
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  39.  26
    Unmet Need for Contraception Among HIV-Positive Women in Lesotho and Implications for Mother-to-Child Transmission.Timothy Adair - 2009 - Journal of Biosocial Science 41 (2):269-278.
    In Lesotho, the risk of mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of HIV is substantial; women of childbearing age have a high HIV prevalence rate (26·4%), low knowledge of HIV status and a total fertility rate of 3·5 births per woman. An effective means of preventing MTCT is to reduce unwanted fertility. This paper examines the unmet need for contraception to limit and space births among HIV-positive women in Lesotho aged 15–49 years, using the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey. HIV-positive women have their (...)
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  40.  13
    Moral Being in Contemporary Views of the Self.Robert L. Vance - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (4):713-729.
    ABSTRACT: Recent discussions of the nature of mind, emotion, and self have often intersected with renewed interest in the sources of morals and morality. In this article l examine proposals on these matters by Charles Taylor and two of his interlocutors, Thomas Wren and Justin Oakley. I describe and compare the “holistic” epistemological approaches of these three in their searches for the “moral self,” and then evaluate the adequacy of their correlative ontological proposals. Finally, I discuss the meta-ethical implications of (...)
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  41.  47
    Fairness in International Trade and Investment: North American Perspectives. [REVIEW]Frederick Bird, Thomas Vance & Peter Woolstencroft - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S3):405 - 425.
    This article reviews the practices and differing sets of attitudes North Americans have taken with respect to fairness in international trade and proposes a set of common considerations for ongoing debates about these matters. After reviewing the asymmetrical relations between Canada, the United States, and Mexico and the impact of multilateral trade agreements on bilateral trade between these countries, the article looks at four typical normative views with respect to trade held by North Americans. These views variously emphasize concerns for (...)
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  42.  24
    Chesterton and Conservatism.Craig Vance - 1986 - The Chesterton Review 12 (3):408-408.
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  43.  17
    The Reception Of Plato Demetriou Studies on the Reception of Plato and Greek Political Thought in Victorian Britain. Pp. Xii + 280. Farnham, Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Variorum, 2011. Cased, £75. ISBN: 978-1-4094-2051-4. [REVIEW]Norman Vance - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (2):409-411.
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  44.  18
    Is There a Duty for an Elite Athlete to Be a Role Model?Paul Johnson, Daryl Adair & Sandra Lynch - unknown
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  45.  16
    Secular Apocalyptic and Thomas Hardy.Norman Vance - 2000 - History of European Ideas 26 (3-4):201-210.
    Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure makes ironically secular use of the imagery of the New Jerusalem and of unregenerate Babylon in the Book of Revelation. His purchase on the text is mediated both by Bunyan's Pilgrim’s Progress, a childhood favourite, and hymns such as ‘Jerusalem the Golden’ translated from Bernard of Cluny's De Contemptu Mundi. Avoiding the traditions of anti-Catholic interpretation, and of explicitly political readings which identify Babylon and the mysterious ‘number of the beast’ with particular historical adversaries and (...)
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  46.  20
    NAIPs: Building an Innate Immune Barrier Against Bacterial Pathogens.Eric M. Kofoed & Russell E. Vance - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (7):589-598.
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  47.  16
    The Kelo Decision and the Fourteenth Amendment.Laurence M. Vance - 2007 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 21 (2):69-100.
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  48.  15
    The Country Doctor and the Specialist—Excerpts.Fred Lyman Adair - 1969 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 12 (4):631-635.
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  49.  19
    Dark Adaptation After Intermitent and Continuous Pre-Exposures of Equal Duration.F. A. Mote & Eleanor R. Adair - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (3):215.
  50.  18
    Class Absences: Cutting Class in Feminist Studies.Vivyan C. Adair - 2005 - Feminist Studies 31 (3):575.
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