Results for 'Vance Lockton'

201 found
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  1. RFID: The Next Serious Threat to Privacy. [REVIEW]Vance Lockton & Richard S. Rosenberg - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4):221-231.
    Radio Frequency Identification, or RFID, is a technology which has been receiving considerable attention as of late. It is a fairly simple technology involving radio wave communication between a microchip and an electronic reader, in which an identification number stored on the chip is transmitted and processed; it can frequently be found in inventory tracking and access control systems. In this paper, we examine the current uses of RFID, as well as identifying potential future uses of the technology, including item-level (...)
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  2. States of Contradiction: Twelve Ways to Do Nothing About Trafficking While Pretending To.Carole S. Vance - 2011 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 78 (3):933-948.
    In the form of a tongue-in-cheek how-to guide, Carole S. Vance discusses the complex role of the state and the media with regard to human trafficking. Calling attention to the portrayal of human trafficking as an overwhelmingly female issue, Vance explores the ubiquitous connection between prostitution and human trafficking, and weighs the impact of this portrayal on men and women who are trafficked into other, less problematized sectors of labor. Vance also contemplates the handling of human trafficking (...)
     
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  3. Noise, Uncertainty, and Interest: Predictive Coding and Cognitive Penetration.Jona Vance & Dustin Stokes - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:86-98.
    This paper concerns how extant theorists of predictive coding conceptualize and explain possible instances of cognitive penetration. §I offers brief clarification of the predictive coding framework and relevant mechanisms, and a brief characterization of cognitive penetration and some challenges that come with defining it. §II develops more precise ways that the predictive coding framework can explain, and of course thereby allow for, genuine top-down causal effects on perceptual experience, of the kind discussed in the context of cognitive penetration. §III develops (...)
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  4. Emotion and the New Epistemic Challenge From Cognitive Penetrability.Jona Vance - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 169 (2):257-283.
    Experiences—visual, emotional, or otherwise—play a role in providing us with justification to believe claims about the world. Some accounts of how experiences provide justification emphasize the role of the experiences’ distinctive phenomenology, i.e. ‘what it is like’ to have the experience. Other accounts emphasize the justificatory role to the experiences’ etiology. A number of authors have used cases of cognitively penetrated visual experience to raise an epistemic challenge for theories of perceptual justification that emphasize the justificatory role of phenomenology rather (...)
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  5.  67
    Cognitive Penetration and the Tribunal of Experience.Jona Vance - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):641-663.
    Perception purports to help you gain knowledge of the world even if the world is not the way you expected it to be. Perception also purports to be an independent tribunal against which you can test your beliefs. It is natural to think that in order to serve these and other central functions, perceptual representations must not causally depend on your prior beliefs and expectations. In this paper, I clarify and then argue against the natural thought above. All perceptual systems (...)
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  6. Climate Change, Individual Emissions, and Foreseeing Harm.Chad Vance - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (5):562-584.
    There are a number of cases where, collectively, groups cause harm, and yet no single individual’s contribution to the collective makes any difference to the amount of harm that is caused. For instance, though human activity is collectively causing climate change, my individual greenhouse gas emissions are neither necessary nor sufficient for any harm that results from climate change. Some (e.g., Sinnott-Armstrong) take this to indicate that there is no individual moral obligation to reduce emissions. There is a collective action (...)
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  7.  50
    Linking Linear/Nonlinear Thinking Style Balance and Managerial Ethical Decision-Making.Kevin Groves, Charles Vance & Yongsun Paik - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):305-325.
    This study presents the results of an empirical analysis of the relationship between managerial thinking style and ethical decision-making. Data from 200 managers across multiple organizations and industries demonstrated that managers predominantly adopt a utilitarian perspective when forming ethical intent across a series of business ethics vignettes. Consistent with expectations, managers utilizing a balanced linear/nonlinear thinking style demonstrated a greater overall willingness to provide ethical decisions across ethics vignettes compared to managers with a predominantly linear thinking style. However, results comparing (...)
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  8.  42
    The World Is a Necessary Being.Chad Vance - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (1):377-390.
    A standard conception of metaphysical modality accepts that Some de re modal claims are true, These should be understood in terms of a possible worlds semantics, and There is trans-world identity. For instance, it seems true that Humphrey could have won the election. In possible worlds speak, we say that there exists a possible world where Humphrey wins the election. Furthermore, had that possibility been actualized instead of this one, Humphrey—our Humphrey, the very same man—would still have existed. Here, I (...)
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  9.  78
    Classical Theism and Modal Realism Are Incompatible.Chad Vance - 2016 - Religious Studies 52 (4):561-572.
    The standard conception of God is that of a necessary being. On a possible worlds semantics, this entails that God exists at every possible world. According to the modal realist account of David Lewis, possible worlds are understood to be real, concrete worlds—no different in kind from the actual world. Some have argued that Lewis’s view is incompatible with classical theism (e.g., Sheehy, 2006). More recently, Ross Cameron (2009) has defended the thesis that Lewisian modal realism and classical theism are (...)
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  10.  31
    Heroic Antireductionism and Genetics: A Tale of One Science.Russell E. Vance - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):45.
    In this paper I provide a novel argument against the claim that classical genetics is being reduced to molecular genetics. Specifically, I demonstrate that reductionists must subscribe to the unargued and problematic thesis that molecular genetics is 'independent' of classical genetics. I also argue that several standard antireductionist positions can be faulted for unnecessarily conceding the Independence Thesis to the reductionists. In place of a 'tale of two sciences', I offer a 'heroic' stance that denies classical genetics is being reduced, (...)
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  11.  64
    Dispositional Modal Truthmakers and the Necessary Origin.Chad Vance - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (4):1111-1127.
    Several philosophers have recently suggested that truths about unactualized metaphysical possibilities are true in virtue of the existence of actual objects and their dispositional properties. For example, on this view, it is true that unicorns are metaphysically possible only if some actual object has (or had) the disposition to bring it about that there are unicorns. This view, a dispositionalist version of what has recently been dubbed “The New Actualism,” is a proposal about the nature of modal truthmakers. But, I (...)
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  12.  62
    The Recycling Problem for Event Individuation.Chad Vance - 2016 - Erkenntnis 81 (1):1-16.
    If the wedding had taken place an hour later, it would have been rained out. When we make counterfactual claims like this, we indicate that events are not terribly fragile things. That is, we typically think of events as particulars which can survive small changes in nearby possible worlds, such that one and the same event could have occurred under slightly different circumstances. I argue, however, that any account of “non-fragile” event individuation is subject to what is known as the (...)
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  13.  10
    Comparing Thinking Style and Ethical Decision-Making Between Chinese and U.S. Students.Charles M. Vance, Judith A. White, Kevin S. Groves, Yongsun Paik & Lin Guo - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 13:117-146.
    This study provides a comparison of thinking style and ethical decision-making patterns between 386 U.S. students and 506 students from the People’s Republic of China enrolled in undergraduate business education in their respective countries. Contrary to our expectations, the Chinese students demonstrated a significantly greater linear thinking style compared to American students. As hypothesized, both Chinese and U.S. students possessing a balanced linear and nonlinear thinking style profile demonstrated greater ethical intent across a series of ethics vignettes. Chinese students also (...)
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  14.  61
    Truthmaker Theory Does Not Solve The Gettier Problem.Chad Vance - 2014 - Ratio 27 (3):291-305.
    Truthmaker theory has become immensely popular in recent years. So, it is not surprising that we are beginning to see it put to work in other areas of philosophy. Recently, several philosophers have proposed that truthmaker theory is the key to solving the Gettier problem. Edmund Gettier demonstrated that the traditional analysis of knowledge (as justified, true belief) was unsatisfactory. The truthmaker solution proposes that knowledge is a justified, true belief, where the source of one's justification is either identical to, (...)
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  15.  84
    Sculpture.Robert D. Vance - 1995 - British Journal of Aesthetics 35 (3):217-226.
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  16.  39
    Causal Relevance, Permissible Omissions, and Famine Relief.Chad Vance - 2018 - Dialectica 72 (1):25-47.
    Failures are sometimes, but not always, causally relevant to events. For instance, the failure of the sprinkler was causally relevant to the house fire. However, the failure of the dam upstream to break (thus inundating the house with water) was not. Similarly, failures to prevent harms are sometimes, but not always, morally wrong. For instance, failing to save a nearby drowning child is morally wrong. Yet, you are also in some sense “allowing” someone on another continent to drown right now, (...)
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  17.  4
    Commentary: The Myth of Cognitive Agency: Subpersonal Thinking as a Cyclically Recurring Loss of Mental Autonomy.Jonna Vance - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18.  48
    Fairness in International Trade and Investment: North American Perspectives. [REVIEW]Frederick Bird, Thomas Vance & Peter Woolstencroft - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S3):405 - 425.
    This article reviews the practices and differing sets of attitudes North Americans have taken with respect to fairness in international trade and proposes a set of common considerations for ongoing debates about these matters. After reviewing the asymmetrical relations between Canada, the United States, and Mexico and the impact of multilateral trade agreements on bilateral trade between these countries, the article looks at four typical normative views with respect to trade held by North Americans. These views variously emphasize concerns for (...)
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  19.  49
    Modal Truthmakers, Truth Conditions, and Analyses: Or, How to Avoid the Humphrey Objection.Chad Vance - 2017 - Acta Analytica 32 (2):145-159.
    Truthmakers, truth conditions, and analyses are closely related, but distinct in rather important ways. A failure to properly appreciate their differences has led to some confusion regarding the role that possible worlds ought to play with respect to modality. Those philosophers who initially proposed the existence of possible worlds were understood as providing an analysis of modality. More recently, many have interpreted them as providing modal truthmakers. But, possible worlds are only suited to serve as truth conditions for modal truths. (...)
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  20.  40
    An Ethical Argument for Host Country Workforce Training and Development in the Expatriate Management Assignment.Charles M. Vance & Eduardo S. Paderon - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (8):635 - 641.
    This paper seeks to establish the ethical foundation of MNCs' responsibility for providing host country workforce (HCW) preparation and training attendant to the new expatriate management assignment. It argues that such moral responsibility arises from a set of correlative duties which MNCs acquire as business institutions. They include duties involving the expatriate manager, the HCW, and the host nation to (1) assist all employees, including the expatriate manager, in the successful execution of their assignments; (2) avoid the semblance of discriminatory (...)
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  21.  9
    Unwilling Consumers: A Historical Materialist Conception of Compulsory Sexuality.Carter Vance - 2018 - Studies in Social Justice 12 (1):133-151.
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  22.  14
    Thinking with, Against, and Beyond the Pratyabhijñā Philosophy—and Back Again.Sari L. Berger, J. M. Fritzman & Brandon J. Vance - 2018 - Asian Philosophy 28 (1):1-19.
    We argue that the pratyabhijñā system of Kaśmir Śaivism holds an inconsistent position. On the one hand, the Pratyabhijñā regards Śiva as an impersonal mechanism and the universe, including persons, as not having agency; call this the Impersonal Component. On the other hand, it considers Śiva himself as a person, and individual persons as having agency sufficient to respond to Śiva; call this the Personal Component. We maintain that the Personal Component should be affirmed and the Impersonal Component rejected. The (...)
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  23. 38. Feminist Antipornography Legislation.Lisa Duggan, Nan Hunter & Carole Vance - 1993 - In James P. Sterba (ed.), Morality in Practice. Wadsworth. pp. 326.
     
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  24.  12
    Medievalisms and Models of Textuality. [REVIEW]Eugene Vance - 1985 - Diacritics 15 (3):54.
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  25.  32
    Rethinking Irish History. Nationalism, Identity and Ideology: Patrick O’Mahony and Gerard Delanty; Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2001, 222pp, £22-95, ISBN 0-333-97110-8. [REVIEW]Norman Vance - 2003 - History of European Ideas 29 (2):251-253.
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  26.  24
    The Reception Of Plato Demetriou Studies on the Reception of Plato and Greek Political Thought in Victorian Britain. Pp. Xii + 280. Farnham, Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Variorum, 2011. Cased, £75. ISBN: 978-1-4094-2051-4. [REVIEW]Norman Vance - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (2):409-411.
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  27.  27
    Chesterton and Conservatism.Craig Vance - 1986 - The Chesterton Review 12 (3):408-408.
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  28.  13
    Moral Being in Contemporary Views of the Self.Robert L. Vance - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (4):713-729.
    ABSTRACT: Recent discussions of the nature of mind, emotion, and self have often intersected with renewed interest in the sources of morals and morality. In this article l examine proposals on these matters by Charles Taylor and two of his interlocutors, Thomas Wren and Justin Oakley. I describe and compare the “holistic” epistemological approaches of these three in their searches for the “moral self,” and then evaluate the adequacy of their correlative ontological proposals. Finally, I discuss the meta-ethical implications of (...)
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  29.  18
    Secular Apocalyptic and Thomas Hardy.Norman Vance - 2000 - History of European Ideas 26 (3-4):201-210.
    Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure makes ironically secular use of the imagery of the New Jerusalem and of unregenerate Babylon in the Book of Revelation. His purchase on the text is mediated both by Bunyan's Pilgrim’s Progress, a childhood favourite, and hymns such as ‘Jerusalem the Golden’ translated from Bernard of Cluny's De Contemptu Mundi. Avoiding the traditions of anti-Catholic interpretation, and of explicitly political readings which identify Babylon and the mysterious ‘number of the beast’ with particular historical adversaries and (...)
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  30.  21
    NAIPs: Building an Innate Immune Barrier Against Bacterial Pathogens.Eric M. Kofoed & Russell E. Vance - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (7):589-598.
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  31.  17
    The Kelo Decision and the Fourteenth Amendment.Laurence M. Vance - 2007 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 21 (2):69-100.
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  32.  13
    The Etymology of Kami.Timothy J. Vance - 1983 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 10 (4):277-288.
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  33.  8
    Structure of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fourth Edition in a Group of Children with ADHD.Rapson Gomez, Alasdair Vance & Shaun D. Watson - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  34.  12
    Imperial Rome and Britain's Language of Empire 1600–1837.Norman Vance - 2000 - History of European Ideas 26 (3-4):211-224.
    Britain's pre-Victorian overseas expansion stimulated Roman comparisons. But imperial Rome was a warning as much as an inspiration to future empires, a harsh and uncomfortable model for Britain as a former Roman colony. Roman dignity was claimed for British monarchs and achievements by Dryden and others. But there were mixed feelings about identifying expanding Britain as a second Roman Empire. In the eighteenth century the British freedom-fighter Caractacus, defeated by the Romans, appealed far more to popular taste than Virgil's Aeneas (...)
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  35.  7
    L'Ambiguïté: Cinq Études Historiques. Irène Rosier.Eugene Vance - 1992 - Speculum 67 (1):211-213.
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  36.  8
    Methohexital, Succinylcholine, ECS,and the Estrous Cycle.Margaret Seaton, Gail Vance, Eleanor Jones & Joel S. Milner - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (2):92-93.
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  37.  10
    Medicine as a Dependent Tradition: Historical and Ethical Reflections.R. Vance - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (2):282-302.
  38.  15
    Moral Being in Contemporary Views of the Self.Robert L. Vance - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (4):713-729.
    Recent discussions of the nature of mind, emotion, and self have often intersected with renewed interest in the sources of morals and morality. In this article l examine proposals on these matters by Charles Taylor and two of his interlocutors, Thomas Wren and Justin Oakley. I describe and compare the “holistic” epistemological approaches of these three in their searches for the “moral self,” and then evaluate the adequacy of their correlative ontological proposals. Finally, I discuss the meta-ethical implications of these (...)
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  39.  8
    Cultural Literacy of Medical Students.Richard P. Vance, R. W. Prichard, C. King & G. Camp - 1991 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (2):281-291.
  40.  8
    Rethinking Irish History. Nationalism, Identity and Ideology: Patrick O’Mahony and Gerard Delanty; Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2001, 222pp, £22-95, ISBN 0-333-97110-8.Norman Vance - 2003 - History of European Ideas 29 (2):251-253.
  41.  6
    Toward a More Natural Science: Biology and Human Affairs by Leon R. Kass.Richard P. Vance - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (1):152-153.
  42.  6
    No Pope Here? The Catholics of Ulster: A History: Marianne Elliott, Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, 2000, 642pp, £25.00, ISBN 0 713 99464 9. [REVIEW]Norman Vance - 2001 - History of European Ideas 27 (2):171-180.
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  43.  7
    J. McGuire and J. Quinn, Editors, Irish Lives 9 Vols, Royal Irish Academy and Cambridge University Press £775.00. ISBN 978-0-521-19973-3. [REVIEW]Norman Vance - 2010 - History of European Ideas 36 (4):448-450.
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  44.  12
    On Being Earlier Than.Robert D. Vance - 1970 - Noûs 4 (2):153-173.
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  45.  10
    Fiction and Thede Seself.Robert D. Vance - 1994 - Philosophical Papers 23 (2):89-107.
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  46.  6
    First Page Preview.Norman Vance - 2010 - History of European Ideas 36 (4):448-450.
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  47.  6
    No Pope Here? The Catholics of Ulster: A History: Marianne Elliott, Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, 2000, 642pp, £25.00, ISBN 0 713 99464 9.Norman Vance - 2001 - History of European Ideas 27 (2):171-180.
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  48.  4
    The Lost World of Augustan Patriotism.Norman Vance - 1998 - History of European Ideas 24 (1):59-69.
  49.  3
    A Hebrew Reader for Ruth.Alan S. Kaye & Donald R. Vance - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (4):921.
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  50.  3
    Angels and Absences. Child Deaths in the Nineteenth Century.N. Vance - 1998 - History of European Ideas 24 (1):59-60.
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