46 found
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  1.  32
    Disclosing Individual Genetic Results to Research Participants.Vardit Ravitsky & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):8 – 17.
    Investigators and institutional review boards should integrate plans about the appropriate disclosure of individual genetic results when designing research studies. The ethical principles of beneficence, respect, reciprocity, and justice provide justification for routinely offering certain results to research participants. We propose a result-evaluation approach that assesses the expected information and the context of the study in order to decide whether results should be offered. According to this approach, the analytic validity and the clinical utility of a specific result determine whether (...)
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  2.  53
    Epigenetics and the Environment in Bioethics.Charles Dupras, Vardit Ravitsky & Bryn Williams‐Jones - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (7):327-334.
    A rich literature in public health has demonstrated that health is strongly influenced by a host of environmental factors that can vary according to social, economic, geographic, cultural or physical contexts. Bioethicists should, we argue, recognize this and – where appropriate – work to integrate environmental concerns into their field of study and their ethical deliberations. In this article, we present an argument grounded in scientific research at the molecular level that will be familiar to – and so hopefully more (...)
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  3.  18
    Sleepwalking Into Infertility: The Need for a Public Health Approach Toward Advanced Maternal Age.Marie-Eve Lemoine & Vardit Ravitsky - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (11):37-48.
    In Western countries today, a growing number of women delay motherhood until their late 30s and even 40s, as they invest time in pursuing education and career goals before starting a family. This social trend results from greater gender equality and expanded opportunities for women and is influenced by the availability of contraception and assisted reproductive technologies. However, advanced maternal age is associated with increased health risks, including infertility. While individual medical solutions such as ART and elective egg freezing can (...)
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  4.  34
    Epigenetics in the Neoliberal “Regime of Truth”.Charles Dupras & Vardit Ravitsky - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):26-35.
    Recent findings in epigenetics have been attracting much attention from social scientists and bioethicists because they reveal the molecular mechanisms by which exposure to socioenvironmental factors, such as pollutants and social adversity, can influence the expression of genes throughout life. Most surprisingly, some epigenetic modifications may also be heritable via germ cells across generations. Epigenetics may be the missing molecular evidence of the importance of using preventive strategies at the policy level to reduce the incidence and prevalence of common diseases. (...)
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  5.  6
    The ‘Serious’ Factor in Germline Modification.Erika Kleiderman, Vardit Ravitsky & Bartha Maria Knoppers - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (8):508-513.
    Current advances in assisted reproductive technologies aim to promote the health and well-being of future children. They offer the possibility to select embryos with the greatest potential of being born healthy and may someday correct faulty genes responsible for heritable diseases in the embryo ). Most laws and policy statements surrounding HGGM refer to the notion of ‘serious’ as a core criterion in determining what genetic diseases should be targeted by these technologies. Yet, this notion remains vague and poorly defined, (...)
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  6.  16
    Toward an Ethically Sensitive Implementation of Noninvasive Prenatal Screening in the Global Context.Jessica Mozersky, Vardit Ravitsky, Rayna Rapp, Marsha Michie, Subhashini Chandrasekharan & Megan Allyse - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (2):41-49.
    Noninvasive prenatal screening using cell-free DNA, which analyzes placental DNA circulating in maternal blood to provide information about fetal chromosomal disorders early in pregnancy and without risk to the fetus, has been hailed as a potential “paradigm shift” in prenatal genetic screening. Commercial provision of cell-free DNA screening has contributed to a rapid expansion of the tests included in the screening panels. The tests can include screening for sex chromosome anomalies, rare subchromosomal microdeletions and aneuploidies, and most recently, the entire (...)
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  7.  19
    Conceived and Deceived: The Medical Interests of Donor‐Conceived Individuals.Vardit Ravitsky - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (1):17-22.
  8.  8
    Withholding and Withdrawing: A Religious–Cultural Path Toward a Practical Resolution.Avraham Steinberg & Vardit Ravitsky - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):49-50.
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  9.  6
    Providing Unrestricted Access to Prenatal Testing Does Not Translate to Enhanced Autonomy.Vardit Ravitsky, Francois Rousseau & Anne-Marie Laberge - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):39-41.
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  10.  16
    Parents’ Posthumous Use of Daughter’s Ovarian Tissue: Ethical Dimensions.Aliya O. Affdal & Vardit Ravitsky - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):82-90.
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  11. Toward a Public Health Approach to Infertility: The Ethical Dimensions of Infertility Prevention.Marie-Eve Lemoine & Vardit Ravitsky - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (3):pht026.
    While many experts and organizations have recognized infertility as a public health issue, most governments have not yet adopted a public health approach to infertility. This article argues in favor of such an approach by discussing the various implications of infertility for public health. We use a conceptual framework that focuses on the dual meaning of the term ‘public’ in this context: the health of the public, as opposed to that of individuals, and the public/collective nature of the required interventions. (...)
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  12.  6
    Mitochondrial/Nuclear Transfer: A Literature Review of the Ethical, Legal and Social Issues.Raphaëlle Dupras-Leduc, Stanislav Birko & Vardit Ravitsky - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique 1 (2):1-17.
    Mitochondrial/nuclear transfer to avoid the transmission of serious mitochondrial disease raises complex and challenging ethical, legal and social issues. In February 2015, the United Kingdom became the first country in the world to legalize M/NT, making the heated debate surrounding this technology even more relevant. This critical interpretive review identified 95 relevant papers discussing the ELSI of M/NT, including original research articles, government-commissioned reports, editorials, letters to editors and research news. The review presents and synthesizes the arguments present in the (...)
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  13.  18
    The Shifting Landscape of Prenatal Testing: Between Reproductive Autonomy and Public Health.Vardit Ravitsky - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (s3):S34-S40.
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  14.  19
    The Best Interest Standard and the Child’s Right to an Open Future.Aliya O. Affdal & Vardit Ravitsky - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):74-76.
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  15.  7
    The Ambiguous Nature of Epigenetic Responsibility.Charles Dupras & Vardit Ravitsky - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (8):534-541.
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  16.  46
    Israel: Bioethics in a Jewish-Democratic State.Michael L. Gross & Vardit Ravitsky - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):247-255.
    Unlike most Western nations, Israel does not recognize full separation of church and state but seeks instead a gentle fusion of Jewish and democratic values. Inasmuch as important religious norms such as sanctity of life may clash with dignity, privacy, and self-determination, conflicts frequently arise as Israeli lawmakers, ethicists, and healthcare professionals attempt to give substance to the idea of a Jewish-democratic state. Emerging issues in Israeli bioethics—end-of-life treatment, fertility, genetic research, and medical ethics during armed conflict—highlight this conflict vividly.
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  17.  24
    Noninvasive Prenatal Testing: Implications for Muslim Communities.Hazar Haidar, Vardit Rispler-Chaim, Anthony Hung, Subhashini Chandrasekharan & Vardit Ravitsky - 2015 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (1):94-105.
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  18.  24
    On the Proliferation of Bioethics Sub-Disciplines: Do We Really Need "Genethics" and "Neuroethics"?Benjamin S. Wilfond & Vardit Ravitsky - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):20 – 21.
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  19.  66
    Incentives for Postmortem Organ Donation: Ethical and Cultural Considerations.Vardit Ravitsky - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):380-381.
    Chronic shortage in organs for transplantation worldwide is leading many policy-makers to consider various incentives that may increase donation rates.1 These range from giving holders of donor cards some priority on the transplant waiting list or a discount on health insurance premiums, to giving families who consent to donation a medal of honour, reimbursement of funeral expenses, tax incentives or even financial compensation.2–4 Of the various proposed incentive mechanisms, the one that has consistently garnered the most criticism and objection in (...)
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  20.  4
    Ethics Education in Public Health: Where Are We Now and Where Are We Going?Victoria Doudenkova, Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon, Louise Ringuette, Vardit Ravitsky & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2017 - International Journal of Ethics Education 2 (2):109-124.
    Over the last decade there has been a noticeable increase in attention, on the part of public health scholars and professionals, to the important ethical challenges that arise in the context of public health policy, practice and research. This has arguably been a driver for the development of public health ethics as both a specialized field of study in bioethics and a subject for professional education. But how is PHE taught in public health programs and schools? Are current educational approaches (...)
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  21.  2
    Autonomous Choice and the Right to Know One's Genetic Origins.Vardit Ravitsky - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (2):36-37.
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  22.  8
    Social Paternalism in a Communitarian Context: Enhancing Individuals' Moral Deliberation Through a Communal “Moral Voice”.Vardit Ravitsky - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (8):20-22.
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  23.  9
    The “Three-Parent Baby”: A Case Study of How Language Frames the Ethical Debate Regarding an Emerging Technology.Vardit Ravitsky, Stanislav Birko & Raphaelle Dupras-Leduc - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):57-60.
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  24.  6
    Turning Queer Villages Into Ghost Towns: A Community Perspective on Conversion Therapies.Jason Behrmann & Vardit Ravitsky - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (1):14-16.
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  25.  9
    A Jewish Perspective on the Refusal of Life-Sustaining Therapies: Culture as Shaping Bioethical Discourse.Vardit Ravitsky - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):60-62.
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  26.  4
    ‘Serious’ Factor—a Relevant Starting Point for Further Debate: A Response.Erika Kleiderman, Vardit Ravitsky & Bartha Maria Knoppers - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):153-155.
    In this reply, we wish to defend our original position and address several of the points raised by two excellent responses. The first response questions the relevance of the notion of ‘serious’ within the context of human germline genome modification. We argue that the ‘serious’ factor is relevant and that there is a need for medical and social lenses to delineate the limits of acceptability and initial permissible applications of HGGM. In this way, ‘serious’ acts as a starting point for (...)
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  27.  11
    A Gift That Some Cannot Give: The Ethical Significance of the Ban on Gay/Bisexual Men as Blood Donors.Jason Behrmann & Vardit Ravitsky - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):46-47.
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  28.  10
    The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics.Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.) - 2009 - Springer Publishing Company.
    This book will also inform the general public, patients, and family members as they seek answers to the bioethical issues of the day.
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  29.  81
    What Does the Future Hold? Introduction.Vardit Ravitsky - 2012 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 7 (3):41-44.
  30.  10
    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (pgd) isapro.Frances R. Batzer & Vardit Ravitsky - 2009 - In Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.), The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics. Springer Publishing Company. pp. 339.
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  31.  20
    Assessing Rehabilitation Eligibility of Older Patients: An Ethical Analysis of the Impact of Bias.Josephine Najem, Priscilla Lam Wai Shun, Maude Laliberté & Vardit Ravitsky - 2018 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 28 (1):49-84.
    With the world's population aging, hospitals are facing pressure to adequately meet the needs of a growing number of frail older patients. For this population, comorbidities combined with a limited ability to face stressful situations contribute to frailty whereby a small injury or illness can lead to significant loss of function. It is widely recognized that hospitalized older patients are more vulnerable to physical or cognitive functional decline and require increased assistance in activities of daily living (Creditor 1993; Sager et (...)
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  32.  11
    Towards an Integration of PrEP Into a Safe Sex Ethics Framework for Men Who Have Sex with Men.Julien Brisson, Vardit Ravitsky & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2019 - Public Health Ethics 12 (1):54-63.
    The ethics of safe sex in the gay community has, for many years, been focused on debates surrounding the responsibility regarding the use of condoms to prevent HIV transmission, once the only tool available. With the development of Truvada as a pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV, for the first time in the history of the HIV/AIDS epidemic there is the potential to significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission during sex without the use of condoms. The introduction of PrEP necessitates a (...)
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  33.  24
    Cultural and Personal Considerations in Informed Consent for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation.Ya'arit Bokek-Cohen & Vardit Ravitsky - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):55-57.
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  34.  6
    Toward Broader Genetic Contextualism: Genetic Testing Enters the Age of Evidence-Based Medicine.Vardit Ravitsky, Julie Richer & Anne-Marie Laberge - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):77-79.
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  35.  22
    Academic Performance Enhancers and the Goals of a University Education.Alexandre Erler & Vardit Ravitsky - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):24-26.
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  36.  11
    Biopolitical Barriers to a Potterian Bioethics: The (Potentially) Missed Opportunity of Epigenetics.Charles Dupras, Bryn Williams-Jones & Vardit Ravitsky - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (9):15-17.
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  37.  7
    Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Decision Making Regarding Noninvasive Prenatal Testing: A Comparative Study of Lebanon and Quebec.Hazar Haidar, Meredith Vanstone, Anne-Marie Laberge, Gilles Bibeau, Labib Ghulmiyyah & Vardit Ravitsky - 2018 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 9 (2):99-111.
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  38.  8
    Adolescent Oncofertility Discussions: Recommendations From a Systematic Literature Review.Dorit Barlevy, Bernice S. Elger, Tenzin Wangmo & Vardit Ravitsky - 2017 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 8 (2):106-115.
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  39.  23
    A Field Guide to Good Decisions: Values in Action, by Mark D. Bennett and Joan McIver Gibson.Vardit Ravitsky - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (1):114-117.
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  40.  12
    Public Health and Advanced Maternal Age: An Imperfect but Justified Marriage. Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Sleepwalking Into Infertility: The Need for a Public Health Approach Toward Advanced Maternal Age”.Marie-Eve Lemoine & Vardit Ravitsky - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):1-5.
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  41.  14
    Queer Liberation, Not Elimination: Why Selecting Against Intersex is Not “Straight” Forward.Jason Behrmann & Vardit Ravitsky - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):39 - 41.
  42.  5
    Donor Conception and Lack of Access to Genetic Heritage.Vardit Ravitsky - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):45-46.
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  43.  6
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Disclosing Individual Genetic Results to Research Participants”: Defining Clinical Utility And Revisiting the Role of Relationships.Vardit Ravitsky & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):W10-W12.
    Investigators and institutional review boards should integrate plans about the appropriate disclosure of individual genetic results when designing research studies. The ethical principles of beneficence, respect, reciprocity, and justice provide justification for routinely offering certain results to research participants. We propose a result-evaluation approach that assesses the expected information and the context of the study in order to decide whether results should be offered. According to this approach, the analytic validity and the clinical utility of a specific result determine whether (...)
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  44.  2
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Vardit Ravitsky - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (1):114-117.
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  45. Implementation Challenges for an Ethical Introduction of Noninvasive Prenatal Testing: A Qualitative Study of Healthcare Professionals’ Views From Lebanon and Quebec.Vardit Ravitsky, Labib Ghulmiyyah, Gilles Bibeau, Anne-Marie Laberge, Meredith Vanstone & Hazar Haidar - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundThe clinical introduction of non-invasive prenatal testing for fetal aneuploidies is currently transforming the landscape of prenatal screening in many countries. Since it is noninvasive, safe and allows the early detection of abnormalities, NIPT expanded rapidly and the test is currently commercially available in most of the world. As NIPT is being introduced globally, its clinical implementation should consider various challenges, including the role of the surrounding social and cultural contexts. We conducted a qualitative study with healthcare professionals in Lebanon (...)
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  46. The Author Replies.Vardit Ravitsky - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (4):6-6.
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