12 found
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  1.  22
    Instance-based learning: Integrating sampling and repeated decisions from experience.Cleotilde Gonzalez & Varun Dutt - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (4):523-551.
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  2.  33
    A Cognitive Model of Dynamic Cooperation With Varied Interdependency Information.Cleotilde Gonzalez, Noam Ben-Asher, Jolie M. Martin & Varun Dutt - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (3):457-495.
    We analyze the dynamics of repeated interaction of two players in the Prisoner's Dilemma under various levels of interdependency information and propose an instance-based learning cognitive model to explain how cooperation emerges over time. Six hypotheses are tested regarding how a player accounts for an opponent's outcomes: the selfish hypothesis suggests ignoring information about the opponent and utilizing only the player's own outcomes; the extreme fairness hypothesis weighs the player's own and the opponent's outcomes equally; the moderate fairness hypothesis weighs (...)
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  3.  15
    Refuting data aggregation arguments and how the instance-based learning model stands criticism: A reply to Hills and Hertwig (2012).Cleotilde Gonzalez & Varun Dutt - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):893-898.
  4. The Description–Experience Gap in Risky and Ambiguous Gambles.Varun Dutt, Horacio Arlo-Costa, Jeffrey Helzner & Cleotilde Gonzalez - 2014 - Journal of Behavioral Decision Making 27 (4):316-327.
  5.  8
    Experience in a Climate Microworld: Influence of Surface and Structure Learning, Problem Difficulty, and Decision Aids in Reducing Stock-Flow Misconceptions.Medha Kumar & Varun Dutt - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  6.  13
    Cyber Security: Effects of Penalizing Defenders in Cyber-Security Games via Experimentation and Computational Modeling.Zahid Maqbool, Palvi Aggarwal, V. S. Chandrasekhar Pammi & Varun Dutt - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  7.  34
    Influence of an Intermediate Option on the Description-Experience Gap and Information Search.Neha Sharma, Shoubhik Debnath & Varun Dutt - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  8.  23
    Corrigendum: Influence of Landmarks on Wayfinding and Brain Connectivity in Immersive Virtual Reality Environment.Greeshma Sharma, Yash Kaushal, Sushil Chandra, Vijander Singh, Alok P. Mittal & Varun Dutt - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  9.  15
    Understanding Human Decision Making in an Interactive Landslide Simulator Tool via Reinforcement Learning.Pratik Chaturvedi & Varun Dutt - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Prior research has used an Interactive Landslide Simulator tool to investigate human decision making against landslide risks. It has been found that repeated feedback in the ILS tool about damages due to landslides causes an improvement in human decisions against landslide risks. However, little is known on how theories of learning from feedback would account for human decisions in the ILS tool. The primary goal of this paper is to account for human decisions in the ILS tool via computational models (...)
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  10.  13
    Influence of Network Size on Adversarial Decisions in a Deception Game Involving Honeypots.Harsh Katakwar, Palvi Aggarwal, Zahid Maqbool & Varun Dutt - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  11.  32
    Collective Risk Social Dilemma: Role of information availability in achieving cooperation against climate change.Medha Kumar & Varun Dutt - 2019 - Journal of Dynamic Decision Making 5 (1):2-2.
    Behaviour change via monetary investments is a way to fighting climate change. Prior research has investigated the role of climate-change investments using a Collective-Risk-Social-Dilemma game, where players have to collectively reach a target by contributing to a climate fund; failing which they lose their investments with a probability. However, little is known on how variability in the availability of information about players’ investments influences investment decisions in CRSD. In an experiment involving CRSD, 480 participants were randomly assigned to different conditions (...)
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  12.  15
    Life and Death Decisions and COVID‐19: Investigating and Modeling the Effect of Framing, Experience, and Context on Preference Reversals in the Asian Disease Problem.Shashank Uttrani, Neha Sharma & Varun Dutt - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (4):800-824.
    Prior research in judgment and decision making (JDM) has investigated the effect of problem framing on human preferences. Furthermore, research in JDM documented the absence of such reversal of preferences when making decisions from experience. However, little is known about the effect of context on preferences under the combined influence of problem framing and problem format. Also, little is known about how cognitive models would account for human choices in different problem frames and types (general/specific) in the experience format. One (...)
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