Results for 'Veikko Pelto-Piri'

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  1.  19
    Staffs’ perceptions of the ethical landscape in psychiatric inpatient care: A qualitative content analysis of ethical diaries.Veikko Pelto-Piri, Karin Engström & Ingemar Engström - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (1):45-52.
    This study presents a qualitative description of situations at work that staff members perceive as giving rise to ethical issues. All staff members working with patients across seven wards were given the opportunity to freely describe ethical considerations in an ethical diary over the course of one week. One hundred and five staff members kept a diary. The diaries were analysed with qualitative content analysis where four dominant themes emerged: good care, order and clarity, loyalty, and inadequacy. These results contain (...)
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  2.  73
    Paternalism, autonomy and reciprocity: ethical perspectives in encounters with patients in psychiatric in-patient care.Veikko Pelto-Piri, Karin Engström & Ingemar Engström - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):49.
    BackgroundPsychiatric staff members have the power to decide the options that frame encounters with patients. Intentional as well as unintentional framing can have a crucial impact on patients’ opportunities to be heard and participate in the process. We identified three dominant ethical perspectives in the normative medical ethics literature concerning how doctors and other staff members should frame interactions in relation to patients; paternalism, autonomy and reciprocity. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse statements describing real work (...)
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  3.  49
    Cosmetic Neurology: Sliding Down the Slippery Slope?Veikko Launis - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):218.
    In an editorial to a recent issue of Neurology, Richard Dees expresses the same criticism in an even more rigorous epistemic tone: Veikko Launis, Ph.D., is Professor of Medical Ethics and Adjunct Professor of Ethics and Social Philosophy at the University of Turku, Finland.FootnotesThis article is part of the Neuroethics of Brainreading research project, directed by myself and funded by the Academy of Finland. I am grateful to Olli Koistinen, Pekka Louhiala, Helena Siipi, and an anonymous referee for helpful (...)
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  4. On the Theory of Definability in First-Order Logic.Veikko Rantala - 1973
  5.  33
    Solidarity, Genetic Discrimination, and Insurance: A Defense of Weak Genetic Exceptionalism.Veikko Launis - 2003 - Social Theory and Practice 29 (1):87-111.
  6.  58
    Human gene therapy and the slippery slope argument.Veikko Launis - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):169-179.
    The article investigates the validity of two different versions of the slippery slope argument construed in relation to human gene therapy: the empirical and the conceptual argument. The empirical version holds that our accepting somatic cell therapy will eventually cause our accepting eugenic medical goals. The conceptual version holds that we are logically committed to accepting such goals once we have accepted somatic cell therapy. It is argued that neither the empirical nor the conceptual version of the argument can provide (...)
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  7.  6
    Human-driven design of micro- and nanotechnology based future sensor systems.Veikko Ikonen, Eija Kaasinen, Päivi Heikkilä & Marketta Niemelä - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (2):110-129.
    Purpose – This paper aims to present an overview of the various ethical, societal and critical issues that micro- and nanotechnology-based small, energy self-sufficient sensor systems raise in different selected application fields. An ethical approach on the development of these technologies was taken in a very large international, multitechnological European project. The authors approach and methodology are presented in the paper and, based on this review, the authors propose general principles for this kind of work. Design/methodology/approach – The authors’ approach (...)
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  8.  11
    Salonen Veikko. Reduktioteorian periaatteisla . Ajatus, Bd. 13 , pp. 262–293.G. H. Von Wright - 1945 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):130-131.
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  9.  12
    Review: Veikko Salonen, On the Principles of Reduction Theory. [REVIEW]G. H. Von Wright - 1945 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):130-131.
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  10.  18
    Genes and Morality: New Essays.Veikko Launis, Juhani Pietarinen & Juha Räikkä - 1999 - Rodopi.
    Most public discussion has focused on those effects of genetic research that are considered in some way unwanted or unpleasant. For example, there has been much debate concerning the risks and the ethical appropriateness of genetic screening, gene therapy, and agricultural applications based on genetic techniques. It often claimed that genetic research may cause new problems such as genetic discrimination, stigmatization, environmental risks, or mistreatment of animals. Genes and Morality: New Essays adopts a critical attitude toward genetic research, on both (...)
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  11.  88
    Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen, Signs of Logic: Peircean Themes on the Philosophy of Language, Games, and Communication. [REVIEW]Robert W. Burch - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (4):577-581.
  12. Quantified modal logic: Non-normal worlds and propositional attitudes.Veikko Rantala - 1982 - Studia Logica 41 (1):41 - 65.
    One way to obtain a comprehensive semantics for various systems of modal logic is to use a general notion of non-normal world. In the present article, a general notion of modal system is considered together with a semantic framework provided by such a general notion of non-normal world. Methodologically, the main purpose of this paper is to provide a logical framework for the study of various modalities, notably prepositional attitudes. Some specific systems are studied together with semantics using non-normal worlds (...)
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  13.  17
    Facts and the choice of logical foundations.Veikko Rantala - 1984 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 25 (4):347-353.
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  14.  46
    The old and the new logic of metascience.Veikko Rantala - 1978 - Synthese 39 (2):233 - 247.
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  15.  69
    Urn models: A new kind of non-standard model for first-order logic.Veikko Rantala - 1975 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (4):455 - 474.
  16.  25
    On the logical basis of the structuralist philosophy of science.Veikko Rantala - 1980 - Erkenntnis 15 (3):269 - 286.
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  17.  57
    Veikko Väänänen: Introduction au latin vulgaire. Troisième édition revue et augmentée. Pp. xxi + 273. Paris: Klincksieck, 1981. Paper. [REVIEW]J. N. Adams - 1982 - The Classical Review 32 (02):287-.
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  18. Acta Philosophica Fennica.Tuomo Aho Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen (ed.) - 2006
     
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  19.  14
    On Explainable AI and Abductive Inference.Kyrylo Medianovskyi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (2):35.
    Modern explainable AI methods remain far from providing human-like answers to ‘why’ questions, let alone those that satisfactorily agree with human-level understanding. Instead, the results that such methods provide boil down to sets of causal attributions. Currently, the choice of accepted attributions rests largely, if not solely, on the explainee’s understanding of the quality of explanations. The paper argues that such decisions may be transferred from a human to an XAI agent, provided that its machine-learning algorithms perform genuinely abductive inferences. (...)
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  20.  5
    Veikko Väänänen: Introduction au latin vulgaire. Troisième édition revue et augmentée. Pp. xxi + 273. Paris: Klincksieck, 1981. Paper. [REVIEW]J. N. Adams - 1982 - The Classical Review 32 (2):287-287.
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  21.  4
    Aspects of Definability.Veikko Rantala - 1977
  22.  41
    Review. [REVIEW]Veikko Rantala - 1991 - Synthese 86 (2):297-319.
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  23.  34
    Opposition and Acceptance of GM-food and GM-medicine.Helena Siipi & Veikko Launis - 2009 - Open Ethics Journal 3 (3):97-103.
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  24.  59
    Knowledge Representation: Two Kinds Of Emergence.Veikko Rantala - 2001 - Synthese 129 (2):195-209.
    Two different but closely related issues in current cognitive science will be considered in this essay. One is the controversial and extensively discussed question of how connectionist and symbolic representations of knowledge are related to each other. The other concerns the notion of connectionist learning and its relevance for the understanding of the distinction between propositional and nonpropositional knowledge. More specifically, I shall give an overview of a result in Rantala and Vadén establishing a limiting case correspondence between symbolic and (...)
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  25.  80
    The worlds of fiction and the worlds of science: A comparative study.Veikko Rantala & Liselotte Wiesenthal - 1989 - Synthese 78 (1):53 - 86.
  26.  35
    A Review of Research in Mathematical Education: Part A, Research on Learning and TeachingA Review of Research in Mathematical Education: Part B, Research on the Social Context of Mathematics EducationA Review of Research in Mathematical Education: Part C, Curriculum Development and Curriculum Research. [REVIEW]John K. Backhouse, Susan E. B. Pirie, A. W. Bell, J. Costello, D. E. Kuchemann, A. J. Bishop, Marilyn Nickson & A. G. Howson - 1984 - British Journal of Educational Studies 32 (3):280.
  27.  27
    On the Diagrammatic Representation of Existential Statements with Venn Diagrams.Amirouche Moktefi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (4):361-374.
    It is of common use in modern Venn diagrams to mark a compartment with a cross to express its non-emptiness. Modern scholars seem to derive this convention from Charles S. Peirce, with the assumption that it was unknown to John Venn. This paper demonstrates that Venn actually introduced several methods to represent existentials but felt uneasy with them. The resistance to formalize existentials was not limited to diagrammatic systems, as George Boole and his followers also failed to provide a satisfactory (...)
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  28.  38
    Peirce’s calculi for classical propositional logic.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (3):509-540.
    This article investigates Charles Peirce’s development of logical calculi for classical propositional logic in 1880–1896. Peirce’s 1880 work on the algebra of logic resulted in a successful calculus for Boolean algebra. This calculus, denoted byPC, is here presented as a sequent calculus and not as a natural deduction system. It is shown that Peirce’s aim was to presentPCas a sequent calculus. The law of distributivity, which Peirce states in 1880, is proved using Peirce’s Rule, which is a residuation, inPC. The (...)
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  29.  33
    Gamma graph calculi for modal logics.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - Synthese 195 (8):3621-3650.
    We describe Peirce’s 1903 system of modal gamma graphs, its transformation rules of inference, and the interpretation of the broken-cut modal operator. We show that Peirce proposed the normality rule in his gamma system. We then show how various normal modal logics arise from Peirce’s assumptions concerning the broken-cut notation. By developing an algebraic semantics we establish the completeness of fifteen modal logics of gamma graphs. We show that, besides logical necessity and possibility, Peirce proposed an epistemic interpretation of the (...)
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  30.  19
    The Literary Work and Intentionality.Veikko Rantala - 1992 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 5 (8).
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  31.  9
    Metaphor and Conceptual Change.Veikko Rantala - 1996 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 31 (1):181-190.
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  32. Peirce’s Logic.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Charles Sanders Peirce: Logic Charles Sanders Peirce was an accomplished scientist, philosopher, and mathematician, who considered himself primarily a logician. His contributions to the development of modern logic at the turn of the 20th century were colossal, original and influential. Formal, or deductive, logic was just one of the branches in which he exercized … Continue reading Peirce’s Logic →.
     
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  33.  34
    Let Us Investigate! Dynamic Conjecture-Making as the Formal Logic of Abduction.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (6):913-945.
    We present a dynamic approach to Peirce’s original construal of abductive logic as a logic of conjecture making, and provide a new decidable, contraction-free and cut-free proof system for the dynamic logic of abductive inferences with neighborhood semantics. Our formulation of the dynamic logic of abduction follows the philosophical and scientific track that led Peirce to his late, post-1903 characterization of abductive conclusions as investigands, namely invitations to investigate propositions conjectured at the level of pre-beliefs.
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  34.  4
    Essays on the Philosophy of Music.Veikko Rantala, Lewis Eugene Rowell & Eero Tarasti (eds.) - 1988 - Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
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  35.  18
    Explanatory Translation: Beyond the Kuhnian Model of Conceptual Change.Veikko Rantala - 2002 - Dordrecht, Boston and London: Kluwer/Springer.
    A systematic attempt to understand cognitive characteristics of translation by bringing its logical, pragmatic, and hermeneutic features together and examining a number of scientific, logical (philosophical and formal),and philosophical applications. The notion of translation investigated here is called explanatory since it is not a translation in the standard, meaning-saving sense but aims to provide an explanation for the meaning change in exact terms.
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  36.  18
    Proof Analysis of Peirce’s Alpha System of Graphs.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (3):625-647.
    Charles Peirce’s alpha system \ is reformulated into a deep inference system where the rules are given in terms of deep graphical structures and each rule has its symmetrical rule in the system. The proof analysis of \ is given in terms of two embedding theorems: the system \ and Brünnler’s deep inference system for classical propositional logic can be embedded into each other; and the system \ and Gentzen sequent calculus \ can be embedded into each other.
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  37.  6
    Reduction and explanation: Science vs. Mathematics.Veikko Rantala - 1992 - In Javier Echeverria, Andoni Ibarra & Thomas Mormann (eds.), The Space of Mathematics: Philosophical, Epistemological, and Historical Explorations. De Gruyter. pp. 47-59.
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  38. Review of Veikko Rantala, Lewis Rowell, Eero Tarasti : Essays on the philosophy of music. [REVIEW]Stephen Davies - 1989 - Theoria 55 (2):137.
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  39. Aesthetic Tension: Cognitive Aspects of Interpretation.Veikko Rantala - 2011 - Peter Lang.
    This is an interdisciplinary study of what is cognitively going on when we interpret, respresent, or evaluate cultural entities, works of art included. In addition, the role of interpretation in experience and in cultural objects is elucidated from a cognitive point of view. The book relies on theories of action, perception, possible worlds, modalities, intentionality. cognition, and brain research, and it contains anumber of case studies. The book ptovides some new insights into some much-discussed problems related to interpretation.
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  40. Johdatus modaalilogiikkaan.Veikko Rantala & Ari Virtanen - 2004 - Gaudeamus.
    The book studies philosophical and mathematical-logical problems of modal notions. Its starting points are possible worlds semantics and Kripke models, and it also concentrates on proof-theoretic methods.
     
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  41.  58
    Abductive inference within a pragmatic framework.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    This paper presents an enrichment of the Gabbay–Woods schema of Peirce’s 1903 logical form of abduction with illocutionary acts, drawing from logic for pragmatics and its resources to model justified assertions. It analyses the enriched schema and puts it into the perspective of Peirce’s logic and philosophy.
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  42. Why Images Cannot be Arguments, But Moving Ones Might.Marc Champagne & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Argumentation 34 (2):207-236.
    Some have suggested that images can be arguments. Images can certainly bolster the acceptability of individual premises. We worry, though, that the static nature of images prevents them from ever playing a genuinely argumentative role. To show this, we call attention to a dilemma. The conclusion of a visual argument will either be explicit or implicit. If a visual argument includes its conclusion, then that conclusion must be demarcated from the premise or otherwise the argument will beg the question. If (...)
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  43.  37
    Abstraction and Generalization in the Logic of Science: Cases from Nineteenth-Century Scientific Practice.Claudia Cristalli & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (1):93-121.
    Abstraction and generalization are two processes of reasoning that have a special role in the construction of scientific theories and models. They have been important parts of the scientific method ever since the nineteenth century. A philosophical and historical analysis of scientific practices shows how abstraction and generalization found their way into the theory of the logic of science of the nineteenth-century philosopher Charles S. Peirce. Our case studies include the scientific practices of Francis Galton and John Herschel, who introduced (...)
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  44.  22
    Existential graphs as an instrument of logical analysis: Part I. alpha.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):209-237.
    Peirce considered the principal business of logic to be the analysis of reasoning. He argued that the diagrammatic system of Existential Graphs, which he had invented in 1896, carries the logical analysis of reasoning to the furthest point possible. The present paper investigates the analytic virtues of the Alpha part of the system, which corresponds to the sentential calculus. We examine Peirce’s proposal that the relation of illation is the primitive relation of logic and defend the view that this idea (...)
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  45. The work of art, identity and interpretation.Veikko Rantala - 1991 - Semiotica 87 (3-4):271-292.
     
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  46.  7
    Translation and Scientific Change.Veikko Rantala - 1995 - In William E. Herfel, Wladyslaw Krajewski, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Ryszard Wojcicki (eds.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi. pp. 249--268.
  47. Possible worlds.Veikko Rantala - 2003 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 80 (1):179-199.
    Finland is internationally known as one of the leading centers of twentieth century analytic philosophy. This volume offers for the first time an overall survey of the Finnish analytic school. The rise of this trend is illustrated by original articles of Edward Westermarck, Eino Kaila, Georg Henrik von Wright, and Jaakko Hintikka. Contributions of Finnish philosophers are then systematically discussed in the fields of logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, history of philosophy, ethics and social philosophy. Metaphilosophical reflections on (...)
     
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  48. Learning and Epistemic Logic.Veikko Rantala - 2006 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 78:139.
     
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  49.  25
    Fundamental Uncertainty and Values.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1027-1037.
    This paper explores the intertwining of uncertainty and values. We consider an important but underexplored field of fundamental uncertainty and values in decision-making. Some proposed methodologies to deal with fundamental uncertainty have included potential surprise theory, scenario planning and hypothetical retrospection. We focus on the principle of uncertainty transduction in hypothetical retrospection as an illustrative case of how values interact with fundamental uncertainty. We show that while uncertainty transduction appears intuitive in decision contexts it nevertheless fails in important ranges of (...)
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  50.  47
    Significs and the Origins of Analytic Philosophy.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (3):467-490.
    In this article I bring to light a group of scientific and philosophical ideas and intellectual currents from the early era of the significs movement, contemporaneous with the origins of early analytic philosophy. Significs was a strong candidate for the science of language, meaning, and communication during the new century. Its heyday coincided with the forums of the Vienna Circle, yet its intellectual and cultural climate persisted until fading in the turmoil of the mid-century's analytic thought.
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