Results for 'Veikko Salonen'

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  1.  11
    Review: Veikko Salonen, On the Principles of Reduction Theory. [REVIEW]G. H. Von Wright - 1945 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):130-131.
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  2.  11
    Salonen Veikko. Reduktioteorian Periaatteisla . Ajatus, Bd. 13 , Pp. 262–293.G. H. Von Wright - 1945 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):130-131.
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  3. Quantified Modal Logic: Non-Normal Worlds and Propositional Attitudes.Veikko Rantala - 1982 - Studia Logica 41 (1):41 - 65.
    One way to obtain a comprehensive semantics for various systems of modal logic is to use a general notion of non-normal world. In the present article, a general notion of modal system is considered together with a semantic framework provided by such a general notion of non-normal world. Methodologically, the main purpose of this paper is to provide a logical framework for the study of various modalities, notably prepositional attitudes. Some specific systems are studied together with semantics using non-normal worlds (...)
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  4.  48
    Cosmetic Neurology: Sliding Down the Slippery Slope?Veikko Launis - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):218.
    In an editorial to a recent issue of Neurology, Richard Dees expresses the same criticism in an even more rigorous epistemic tone: Veikko Launis, Ph.D., is Professor of Medical Ethics and Adjunct Professor of Ethics and Social Philosophy at the University of Turku, Finland.FootnotesThis article is part of the Neuroethics of Brainreading research project, directed by myself and funded by the Academy of Finland. I am grateful to Olli Koistinen, Pekka Louhiala, Helena Siipi, and an anonymous referee for helpful (...)
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  5.  66
    Urn Models: A New Kind of Non-Standard Model for First-Order Logic.Veikko Rantala - 1975 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (4):455 - 474.
  6.  6
    Brain Activations During Bimodal Dual Tasks Depend on the Nature and Combination of Component Tasks.Emma Salo, Teemu Rinne, Oili Salonen & Kimmo Alho - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  7.  46
    The Old and the New Logic of Metascience.Veikko Rantala - 1978 - Synthese 39 (2):233 - 247.
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  8.  25
    On the Logical Basis of the Structuralist Philosophy of Science.Veikko Rantala - 1980 - Erkenntnis 15 (3):269 - 286.
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  9. Aspects of Definability.Veikko Rantala - 1977
     
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  10.  54
    Human Gene Therapy and the Slippery Slope Argument.Veikko Launis - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):169-179.
    The article investigates the validity of two different versions of the slippery slope argument construed in relation to human gene therapy: the empirical and the conceptual argument. The empirical version holds that our accepting somatic cell therapy will eventually cause our accepting eugenic medical goals. The conceptual version holds that we are logically committed to accepting such goals once we have accepted somatic cell therapy. It is argued that neither the empirical nor the conceptual version of the argument can provide (...)
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  11.  3
    Human-Driven Design of Micro- and Nanotechnology Based Future Sensor Systems.Veikko Ikonen, Eija Kaasinen, Päivi Heikkilä & Marketta Niemelä - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (2):110-129.
    Purpose – This paper aims to present an overview of the various ethical, societal and critical issues that micro- and nanotechnology-based small, energy self-sufficient sensor systems raise in different selected application fields. An ethical approach on the development of these technologies was taken in a very large international, multitechnological European project. The authors approach and methodology are presented in the paper and, based on this review, the authors propose general principles for this kind of work. Design/methodology/approach – The authors’ approach (...)
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  12.  45
    Abductive Inference Within a Pragmatic Framework.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    This paper presents an enrichment of the Gabbay–Woods schema of Peirce’s 1903 logical form of abduction with illocutionary acts, drawing from logic for pragmatics and its resources to model justified assertions. It analyses the enriched schema and puts it into the perspective of Peirce’s logic and philosophy.
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  13.  27
    Gamma Graph Calculi for Modal Logics.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - Synthese 195 (8):3621-3650.
    We describe Peirce’s 1903 system of modal gamma graphs, its transformation rules of inference, and the interpretation of the broken-cut modal operator. We show that Peirce proposed the normality rule in his gamma system. We then show how various normal modal logics arise from Peirce’s assumptions concerning the broken-cut notation. By developing an algebraic semantics we establish the completeness of fifteen modal logics of gamma graphs. We show that, besides logical necessity and possibility, Peirce proposed an epistemic interpretation of the (...)
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  14.  58
    New Light on Peirce's Conceptions of Retroduction, Deduction, and Scientific Reasoning.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Francesco Bellucci - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):353-373.
    We examine Charles S. Peirce's mature views on the logic of science, especially as contained in his later and still mostly unpublished writings. We focus on two main issues. The first concerns Peirce's late conception of retroduction. Peirce conceived inquiry as performed in three stages, which correspond to three classes of inferences: abduction or retroduction, deduction, and induction. The question of the logical form of retroduction, of its logical justification, and of its methodology stands out as the three major threads (...)
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  15.  18
    Existential Graphs as an Instrument of Logical Analysis: Part I. Alpha.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):209-237.
    Peirce considered the principal business of logic to be the analysis of reasoning. He argued that the diagrammatic system of Existential Graphs, which he had invented in 1896, carries the logical analysis of reasoning to the furthest point possible. The present paper investigates the analytic virtues of the Alpha part of the system, which corresponds to the sentential calculus. We examine Peirce’s proposal that the relation of illation is the primitive relation of logic and defend the view that this idea (...)
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  16.  28
    Peirce’s Calculi for Classical Propositional Logic.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (3):509-540.
    This article investigates Charles Peirce’s development of logical calculi for classical propositional logic in 1880–1896. Peirce’s 1880 work on the algebra of logic resulted in a successful calculus for Boolean algebra. This calculus, denoted byPC, is here presented as a sequent calculus and not as a natural deduction system. It is shown that Peirce’s aim was to presentPCas a sequent calculus. The law of distributivity, which Peirce states in 1880, is proved using Peirce’s Rule, which is a residuation, inPC. The (...)
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  17.  26
    Let Us Investigate! Dynamic Conjecture-Making as the Formal Logic of Abduction.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (6):913-945.
    We present a dynamic approach to Peirce’s original construal of abductive logic as a logic of conjecture making, and provide a new decidable, contraction-free and cut-free proof system for the dynamic logic of abductive inferences with neighborhood semantics. Our formulation of the dynamic logic of abduction follows the philosophical and scientific track that led Peirce to his late, post-1903 characterization of abductive conclusions as investigands, namely invitations to investigate propositions conjectured at the level of pre-beliefs.
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  18. Essays on the Philosophy of Music.Veikko Rantala, Lewis Eugene Rowell & Eero Tarasti (eds.) - 1988 - Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
     
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  19.  17
    Genes and Morality: New Essays.Veikko Launis, Juhani Pietarinen & Juha Räikkä - 1999 - Rodopi.
    Most public discussion has focused on those effects of genetic research that are considered in some way unwanted or unpleasant. For example, there has been much debate concerning the risks and the ethical appropriateness of genetic screening, gene therapy, and agricultural applications based on genetic techniques. It often claimed that genetic research may cause new problems such as genetic discrimination, stigmatization, environmental risks, or mistreatment of animals.Genes and Morality: New Essays adopts a critical attitude toward genetic research, on both a (...)
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  20.  23
    Exploring the Beta Quadrant.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):941-970.
    The theory of existential graphs, which Peirce ultimately divided into four quadrants , is a rich method of analysis in the philosophy of logic. Its $$\upbeta $$ β -part boasts a diagrammatic theory of quantification, which by 1902 Peirce had used in the logical analysis of natural-language expressions such as complex donkey-type anaphora, quantificational patterns describing new mathematical concepts, and cognitive information processing. In the $$\upbeta $$ β -quadrant, he came close to inventing independence-friendly logic, the idea of which he (...)
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  21.  41
    Review. [REVIEW]Veikko Rantala - 1991 - Synthese 86 (2):297-319.
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  22.  5
    Reduction and Explanation: Science Vs. Mathematics.Veikko Rantala - 1992 - In Javier Echeverria, Andoni Ibarra & Thomas Mormann (eds.), The Space of Mathematics: Philosophical, Epistemological, and Historical Explorations. De Gruyter. pp. 47-59.
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  23.  28
    Two Papers on Existential Graphs by Charles Peirce.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):881-922.
    The following two articles comprise two sets of Charles Peirce’s manuscripts, “Recent Developments of Existential Graphs and their Consequences for Logic” (MS 498, MS 499, MS 490 & S-36, 1906) and “Assurance through Reasoning” (MS 669 & MS 670, 1911), written for the National Academy of Sciences meetings in 1906 and 1911. The papers are deposited at Houghton Library, Harvard University. Only some parts of MS 470 have been published before, and in somewhat defective form. Although “Assurance” follows “Recent Developments” (...)
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  24.  27
    To Peirce Hintikka’s Thoughts.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (2):241-262.
    This paper compares Peirce’s and Hintikka’s logical philosophies and identifies a cross-section of similarities in their thoughts in the areas of action-first epistemology, pragmaticist meaning, philosophy of science, and philosophy of logic and mathematics.
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  25.  27
    Clinical Equipoise and Moral Leeway: An Epistemological Stance.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):447-456.
    Clinical equipoise has been proposed as an ethical principle relating uncertainty and moral leeway in clinical research. Although CE has traditionally been indicated as a necessary condition for a morally justified introduction of a new RCT, questions related to the interpretation of this principle remain woefully open. Recent proposals to rehabilitate CE have divided the bioethical community on its ethical merits. This paper presents a new argument that brings out the epistemological difficulties we encounter in justifying CE as a principle (...)
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  26.  49
    Existential Graphs: What a Diagrammatic Logic of Cognition Might Look Like.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):265-281.
    This paper examines the contemporary philosophical and cognitive relevance of Charles Peirce's diagrammatic logic of existential graphs (EGs), the ?moving pictures of thought?. The first part brings to the fore some hitherto unknown details about the reception of EGs in the early 1900s that took place amidst the emergence of modern conceptions of symbolic logic. In the second part, philosophical aspects of EGs and their contributions to contemporary logical theory are pointed out, including the relationship between iconic logic and images, (...)
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  27.  40
    An Axiomatic Analysis of the Nash Equilibrium Concept.Hannu Salonen - 1992 - Theory and Decision 33 (2):177-189.
  28.  12
    Ludwig Schmugge, Marriage on Trial: Late Medieval German Couples at the Papal Court, Trans. Atria A. Larson. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2012. Pp. Xx, 389; Black-and-White Figures and Tables. $69.95. ISBN: 978-081-322-0178. [REVIEW]Kirsi Salonen - 2014 - Speculum 89 (2):540-541.
  29.  24
    The Assessment of the Non-Economic Environment in European Companies.Jarmo Salonen - 1988 - World Futures 25 (1):81-89.
  30.  3
    The Evidence of Language.Armas Salonen, W. F. Albright & T. O. Lambdin - 1970 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 90 (4):525.
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  31.  14
    Kirsi Salonen and Jussi Hanska, Entering a Clerical Career at the Roman Curia, 1458–1471. Farnham, Surrey, UK, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013. Pp. 310; 6 Black-and-White Figures. $134.95. ISBN: 978-1-4094-2839-8. [REVIEW]Patrick Zutshi - 2014 - Speculum 89 (4):1196-1197.
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  32. Peirce's Pragmatic Theory of Proper Names.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (3):341-363.
    Charles Peirce's theory of proper names is intimately connected to a number of central topics in contemporary philosophy of language and logic. Several papers have appeared in the past in which Peirce's theory of names has been attested to be a precursor of the causal-historical theory of reference.2 The causal-historical theory in turn has customarily been pigeonholed as the 'new' theories of reference that have been emerging since the 1950s (Devitt 1981; Donellan 1966; Kripke 1980; Marcus 1950; Putnam 1973). Among (...)
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  33.  27
    From Mitchell to Carus: Fourteen Years of Logical Graphs in the Making.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2016 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 52 (4):539.
    It is well-known that by 1882, Peirce, influenced by Cayley’s, Clifford’s and Sylvester’s works on algebraic invariants and by the chemical analogy, had already achieved something like a diagrammatic treatment of quantificational logic of relatives. The details of that discovery and its implications to some wider issues in logical theory merit further investigation, however. This paper provides a reconstruction of the genesis of Peirce’s logical graphs from the early 1880s until 1896, covering the period of time during which he already (...)
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  34.  11
    On the Logical Philosophy of Assertive Graphs.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 29 (4):375-397.
    The logic of assertive graphs is a modification of Peirce’s logic of existential graphs, which is intuitionistic and which takes assertions as its explicit object of study. In this paper we extend AGs into a classical graphical logic of assertions whose internal logic is classical. The characteristic feature is that both AGs and ClAG retain deep-inference rules of transformation. Unlike classical EGs, both AGs and ClAG can do so without explicitly introducing polarities of areas in their language. We then compare (...)
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  35.  19
    The Science to Save Us From Philosophy of Science.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (2):149-166.
    Are knowledge and belief pivotal in science, as contemporary epistemology and philosophy of science nearly universally take them to be? I defend the view that scientists are not primarily concerned with knowing and that the methods of arriving at scientific hypotheses, models and scenarios do not commit us having stable beliefs about them. Instead, what drives scientific discovery is ignorance that scientists can cleverly exploit. Not an absence or negation of knowledge, ignorance concerns fundamental uncertainty, and is brought out by (...)
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  36.  15
    Fundamental Uncertainty and Values.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1027-1037.
    This paper explores the intertwining of uncertainty and values. We consider an important but underexplored field of fundamental uncertainty and values in decision-making. Some proposed methodologies to deal with fundamental uncertainty have included potential surprise theory, scenario planning and hypothetical retrospection. We focus on the principle of uncertainty transduction in hypothetical retrospection as an illustrative case of how values interact with fundamental uncertainty. We show that while uncertainty transduction appears intuitive in decision contexts it nevertheless fails in important ranges of (...)
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  37.  14
    Explanatory Translation. Beyond the Kuhnian Model of Conceptual Change.Veikko Rantala - 2002 - Kluwer/Springer.
    A systematic attempt to understand cognitive characteristics of translation by bringing its logical, pragmatic, and hermeneutic features together and examining a number of scientific, logical (philosophical and formal),and philosophical applications. The notion of translation investigated here is called explanatory since it is not a translation in the standard, meaning-saving sense but aims to provide an explanation for the meaning change in exact terms.
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  38.  16
    Proof Analysis of Peirce’s Alpha System of Graphs.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (3):625-647.
    Charles Peirce’s alpha system \ is reformulated into a deep inference system where the rules are given in terms of deep graphical structures and each rule has its symmetrical rule in the system. The proof analysis of \ is given in terms of two embedding theorems: the system \ and Brünnler’s deep inference system for classical propositional logic can be embedded into each other; and the system \ and Gentzen sequent calculus \ can be embedded into each other.
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  39.  12
    Assertion and Denial: A Contribution From Logical Notations.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Francesco Bellucci - 2017 - Journal of Applied Logic 25:1-22.
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  40. Compositionality, Relevance, and Peirce’s Logic of Existential Graphs.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (4):513-540.
    Charles S. Peirce’s pragmatist theory of logic teaches us to take the context of utterances as an indispensable logical notion without which there is no meaning. This is not a spat against compositionality per se , since it is possible to posit extra arguments to the meaning function that composes complex meaning. However, that method would be inappropriate for a realistic notion of the meaning of assertions. To accomplish a realistic notion of meaning (as opposed e.g. to algebraic meaning), Sperber (...)
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  41. Possible Worlds.Veikko Rantala - 2003 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 80 (1):179-199.
    Finland is internationally known as one of the leading centers of twentieth century analytic philosophy. This volume offers for the first time an overall survey of the Finnish analytic school. The rise of this trend is illustrated by original articles of Edward Westermarck, Eino Kaila, Georg Henrik von Wright, and Jaakko Hintikka. Contributions of Finnish philosophers are then systematically discussed in the fields of logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, history of philosophy, ethics and social philosophy. Metaphilosophical reflections on (...)
     
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  42.  58
    Peirce’s Contributions to Possible-Worlds Semantics.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (3):345 - 369.
    A century ago, Charles S. Peirce proposed a logical approach to modalities that came close to possible-worlds semantics. This paper investigates his views on modalities through his diagrammatic logic of Existential Graphs (EGs). The contribution of the gamma part of EGs to the study of modalities is examined. Some ramifications of Peirce’s remarks are presented and placed into a contemporary perspective. An appendix is included that provides a transcription with commentary of Peirce’s unpublished manuscript on modality from 1901.
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  43.  45
    New Foundations for Metascience.David Pearce & Veikko Rantala - 1983 - Synthese 56 (1):1 - 26.
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  44.  77
    Grice in the Wake of Peirce.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (2):295-316.
    I argue that many of the pragmatic notions that are commonly attributed to 1-1. P. Grice, or are reported to be inspired by his work on pragmatics, such as assertion, conventional implicature, cooperation, common ground, common knowledge, presuppositions and conversational strategies, have their origins in C. S. Peirce's theory of signs and his pragmatic logic and philosophy. Both Grice and Peirce rooted their theories in normative rationality, anti-psychologism and the relevance of assertions. With respect to the post-Gricean era of pragmatics, (...)
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  45.  65
    Paternalism, Autonomy and Reciprocity: Ethical Perspectives in Encounters with Patients in Psychiatric in-Patient Care.Veikko Pelto-Piri, Karin Engström & Ingemar Engström - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):49.
    BackgroundPsychiatric staff members have the power to decide the options that frame encounters with patients. Intentional as well as unintentional framing can have a crucial impact on patients’ opportunities to be heard and participate in the process. We identified three dominant ethical perspectives in the normative medical ethics literature concerning how doctors and other staff members should frame interactions in relation to patients; paternalism, autonomy and reciprocity. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse statements describing real work (...)
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  46.  13
    Signs Systematically Studied: Invitation to Peirce’s Theory.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Sign Systems Studies 43 (4):372-398.
    This introductory presentation reviews noteworthy topics and concepts in Peirce’s interrelated kingdoms of the theory of signs, their classification, categories, logic and semeiotic.
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  47.  32
    Solidarity, Genetic Discrimination, and Insurance: A Defense of Weak Genetic Exceptionalism.Veikko Launis - 2003 - Social Theory and Practice 29 (1):87-111.
  48.  16
    Peirce’s Contributions to Possible-Worlds Semantics.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (3):345-369.
    A century ago, Charles S. Peirce proposed a logical approach to modalities that came close to possible-worlds semantics. This paper investigates his views on modalities through his diagrammatic logic of Existential Graphs. The contribution of the GAMMA part of EGs to the study of modalities is examined. Some ramifications of Peirce's remarks are presented and placed into a contemporary perspective. An appendix is included that provides a transcription with commentary of Peirce's unpublished manuscript on modality from 1901.
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  49.  21
    Cultivating Habits of Reason: Peirce and the Logica Utens Versus Logica Docens Distinction.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2005 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 22 (4):357 - 372.
  50.  51
    Games as Formal Tools Versus Games as Explanations in Logic and Science.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2003 - Foundations of Science 8 (4):317-364.
    This paper addresses the theoretical notion of a game as it arisesacross scientific inquiries, exploring its uses as a technical andformal asset in logic and science versus an explanatory mechanism. Whilegames comprise a widely used method in a broad intellectual realm(including, but not limited to, philosophy, logic, mathematics,cognitive science, artificial intelligence, computation, linguistics,physics, economics), each discipline advocates its own methodology and aunified understanding is lacking. In the first part of this paper, anumber of game theories in formal studies are critically (...)
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