Results for 'Venkat Ajjanagadde'

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  1. From simple associations to systematic reasoning: A connectionist representation of rules, variables, and dynamic binding using temporal synchrony.Lokendra Shastri & Venkat Ajjanagadde - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):417-51.
    Human agents draw a variety of inferences effortlessly, spontaneously, and with remarkable efficiency – as though these inferences were a reflexive response of their cognitive apparatus. Furthermore, these inferences are drawn with reference to a large body of background knowledge. This remarkable human ability seems paradoxical given the complexity of reasoning reported by researchers in artificial intelligence. It also poses a challenge for cognitive science and computational neuroscience: How can a system of simple and slow neuronlike elements represent a large (...)
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  2.  31
    A step toward modeling reflexive reasoning.Lokendra Shastri & Venkat Ajjanagadde - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):477-494.
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  3.  21
    Impact of MBA Education on Students’ Values: Two Longitudinal Studies.Venkat R. Krishnan - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):233-246.
    The impact of 2-year residential fulltime MBA program on students' values was studied using a longitudinal design and data collected over 7 years from a business school in India. Values were measured when students entered the program, and again when they graduated. Sample in Study 1 consisted of 229 students from three consecutive graduating classes. Rank-order or ipsative measure of values was used. Results of matched sample t-tests show that self-oriented values like a comfortable life and pleasure become more important (...)
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  4.  20
    The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Followers' Duty Orientation and Spirituality.Venkat R. Krishnan - 2008 - Journal of Human Values 14 (1):11-22.
    The relationships between transformational leadership and followers’ karma yoga, spirituality, organizational identification and normative organizational commitment were studied using a sample of 144 teachers of a prominent high school in western India. Spirituality is the goal of all existence according to the Upanishads, and karma yoga is a simple means to enhance spirituality. It was hypothesized that karma yoga enhances spirituality, transformational leadership enhances karma yoga and spirituality, and all the three in turn enhance organizational identification and normative organizational commitment. (...)
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  5.  14
    The Looking Glass for Intelligence Quotient Tests: The Interplay of Motivation, Cognitive Functioning, and Affect.Venkat Ram Reddy Ganuthula & Shuchi Sinha - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    The Intelligence Quotient (IQ) tests and the corresponding psychometric explanations dominate both the scientific and popular views about human intelligence. Though the IQ tests have been in currency for long, there exists a gap in what they are believed to measure and what they do. While the IQ tests index the quality of cognitive functioning in selected domains of mental repertoire, the applied settings often inflate their predictive value leading to an interpretive gap. The present article contends that studying the (...)
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  6.  28
    Surrogate Medical Decision Making on Behalf of a Never-Competent, Profoundly Intellectually Disabled Patient Who Is Acutely Ill.Arvind Venkat - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (1):71-78.
    With the improvements in medical care and resultant increase in life expectancy of the intellectually disabled, it will become more common for healthcare providers to be confronted by ethical dilemmas in the care of this patient population. Many of the dilemmas will focus on what is in the best interest of patients who have never been able to express their wishes with regard to medical and end-of-life care and who should be empowered to exercise surrogate medical decision-making authority on their (...)
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  7.  18
    A theory of design of complex teleological systems: Unifying the Darwinian and Boltzmannian perspectives.Venkat Venkatasubramanian - 2007 - Complexity 12 (3):14-21.
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  8.  32
    Ethical Tensions in the Pain Management of an End-Stage Cancer Patient with Evidence of Opioid Medication Diversion.Arvind Venkat & David Kim - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (2):95-101.
    At the end of life, pain management is commonly a fundamental part of the treatment plan for patients where curative measures are no longer possible. However, the increased recognition of opioid diversion for secondary gain coupled with efforts to treat patients in the home environment towards the end of life creates the potential for ethical dilemmas in the palliative care management of terminal patients in need of continuous pain management. We present the case of an end-stage patient with rectal cancer (...)
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  9.  2
    Possible Unintended Consequences of Including Equal-Priority Surrogates.Arvind Venkat & Steven Perry - 2015 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 26 (2):189-190.
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  10.  41
    Tanūnapāt: Kalos, Philos, and the Vestiges of Trace.D. Venkat Rao - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (3):287-307.
    This essay probes the aniconic and iconic elements that pervade Indian visual culture and, more specifically, the aniconic impulse that has structured, for nearly two millennia, the cultivated indifference of Indian, especially Sanskrit, reflective traditions toward the plastic arts. Over the last hundred years, inquiries have concentrated largely on the historical and formal aspects of Indian temples, idols, and images. These attempts, however, are based entirely on the conceptual-theoretical frameworks of the Western tradition. By drawing on Sanskrit reflective traditions, I (...)
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  11.  83
    The threshold moment: ethical tensions surrounding decision making on tracheostomy for patients in the intensive care unit.Arvind Venkat - 2013 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 24 (2):135-143.
    With the aging of the general population and the ability of intensivists to support patients using ventilator support, tracheostomy has become a vital tool in the medical management of critically ill patients. While much of the medical literature on tracheostomy has focused on the optimal timing of and indications for performing this procedure, little is written on the ethical tensions that can revolve around decisions by patients, surrogates, and physicians on its use. This article will elucidate the ethical dilemmas that (...)
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  12.  18
    When to Say When: Responding to a Suicide Attempt in the Acute Care Setting.Arvind Venkat & Jonathan Drori - 2014 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 4 (3):263-270.
    Attempted suicide represents a personal tragedy for the patient and their loved ones and can be a challenge for acute care physicians. Medical professionals generally view it as their obligation to aggressively treat patients who are critically ill after a suicide attempt, on the presumption that a suicidal patient lacks decision making capacity from severe psychiatric impairment. However, physicians may be confronted by deliberative patient statements, advanced directives or surrogate decision makers who urge the withholding or withdrawal of life sustaining (...)
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  13.  47
    Impact of mba education on students' values: Two longitudinal studies. [REVIEW]Venkat R. Krishnan - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):233 - 246.
    The impact of 2-year residential fulltime MBA program on students’ values was studied using a longitudinal design and data collected over 7 years from a business school in India. Values were measured when students entered the program, and again when they graduated. Sample in Study 1 consisted of 229 students from three consecutive graduating classes. Rank-order or ipsative measure of values was used. Results of matched sample t-tests show that self-oriented values like a comfortable life and pleasure become more important (...)
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  14.  57
    3D metal printing technology: the need to re-invent design practice.Thomas Duda & L. Venkat Raghavan - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (2):241-252.
    3D printing or additive manufacturing is a novel method of manufacturing parts directly from digital model using layer-by-layer material build-up approach. This tool-less manufacturing method can produce fully dense metallic parts in short time, with high precision. Features of additive manufacturing like freedom of part design, part complexity, light weighting, part consolidation, and design for function are garnering particular interests in metal additive manufacturing for aerospace, oil and gas, marine, and automobile applications. Powder bed fusion, in which each powder bed (...)
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  15.  9
    Buddhism and Contemporary Indian Thought.Tirupattur Ramaseshayyer Venkat Murti - 1956 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 10 (37):299-314.
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  16.  5
    Cultures of Memory in South Asia: Orality, Literacy and the Problem of Inheritance.D. Venkat Rao - 2014 - New Delhi: Imprint: Springer.
    Cultures of Memory in South Asia reconfigures European representations of India as a paradigmatic extension of a classical reading, which posits the relation between text and context in a determined way. It explores the South Asian cultural response to European "textual" inheritances. The main argument of this work is that the reflective and generative nodes of Indian cultural formations are located in the configurations of memory, the body and idiom (verbal and visual), where the body or the body complex becomes (...)
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  17.  43
    Karma-Yoga: The Indian Model of Moral Development.Zubin R. Mulla & Venkat R. Krishnan - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (2):339-351.
    A comprehensive model of moral development must encompass moral sensitivity, moral reasoning, moral motivation, and moral character. Western models of moral development have often failed to show validity outside the culture of their origin. We propose Karma-Yoga, the technique of intelligent action discussed in the Bhagawad Gita as an Indian model for moral development. Karma-Yoga is conceptualized as made up of three dimensions viz. duty-orientation, indifference to rewards, and equanimity. Based on survey results from 459 respondents from two large Indian (...)
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  18.  14
    Learning to Breathe: Five Fragments Against Racism.B. Venkat Mani - 2023 - Substance 52 (1):41-48.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Learning to BreatheFive Fragments Against RacismB. Venkat Mani (bio)For Dr. JLW, for all Black academics and students1. Air HungerI know you, Derek Chauvin. You may think that we first met on May 25, 2020, in Minneapolis. I was called George Perry Floyd. For you, I was just another Black man, a potential criminal. For me, you were not a police officer, but the knee that stands for racism. (...)
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  19.  42
    Do Karma-Yogis Make Better Leaders?Zubin R. Mulla & Venkat R. Krishnan - 2009 - Journal of Human Values 15 (2):167-183.
    This article validates James MacGregor Burns’ hypothesis that moral development is a critical qualification of transformational leaders. In India, morality is conceptualized as Karma-Yoga, a technique for performing actions such that the soul is not bound by the results of the actions. Karma-Yoga has three dimensions—duty-orientation, indifference to rewards, and equanimity—and constitutes a comprehensive model for moral development in the Indian context. We studied 205 leader–follower pairs to investigate the impact of a leader’s Karma-Yoga and a follower’s belief in Indian (...)
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  20.  51
    Transformational Leadership: Do the Leader’s Morals Matter and Do the Follower’s Morals Change?Zubin R. Mulla & Venkat R. Krishnan - 2011 - Journal of Human Values 17 (2):129-143.
    In a study of 205 leader–follower pairs, we investigated the impact of the leader’s values and empathy on followers’ perception of transformational leadership and the effect of transformational leadership on followers’ values and empathy. The moderating effect of leader–follower relationship duration on the effect of transformational leadership on followers’ values and empathy was also investigated. We found that the leader’s values were related to transformational leadership and transformational leadership was related to followers’ values. Over time, the relationship between transformational leadership (...)
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  21.  12
    An invitation to think.Mumulla Venkat Rao Naidu - 1965 - New York,: Philosophical Library.
    While Human Life Has Been Scientified, Science Has Not Humanized. In These Words The Author Of This Book Draws The Attention Of His Readers Towards The Existing Conflict Between Science And Culture.
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  22.  11
    Responding to the Refusal of Care in the Emergency Department.Jennifer Nelson, Arvind Venkat & Moira Davenport - 2014 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 4 (1):75-80.
    The emergency department (ED) serves as the primary gateway for acute care and the source of health care of last resort. Emergency physicians are commonly expected to rapidly assess and treat patients with a variety of life–threatening conditions. However, patients do refuse recommended therapy, even when the consequences are significant morbidity and even mortality. This raises the ethical dilemma of how emergency physicians and ED staff can rapidly determine whether patient refusal of treatment recommendations is based on intact decision–making capacity (...)
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  23.  25
    Integrative Live Case: A Contemporary Business Ethics Pedagogy.G. Venkat Raman, Swapnil Garg & Sneha Thapliyal - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 155 (4):1009-1032.
    Disparate attempts exist to identify the key components that make an ethics pedagogy more effective and efficient. To integrate these attempts, a review of 408 articles published in leading journals is conducted. The key foci of extant literature are categorized into three domains labeled as approach, content, and delivery, and a comprehensive framework for ethics pedagogy developed. Within each of these domains, binaries that reflect two alternatives are identified. Approach, the philosophical standpoint, can be theory-laden or real-world connected. Content, the (...)
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  24. Development of a Manufacturing Ontology for Functionally Graded Materials.Francesco Furini, Rahul Rai, Barry Smith, Georgio Colombo & Venkat Krovi - 2016 - In Francesco Furini, Rahul Rai, Barry Smith, Georgio Colombo & Venkat Krovi (eds.), Proceedings of International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE).
    The development of manufacturing technologies for new materials involves the generation of a large and continually evolving volume of information. The analysis, integration and management of such large volumes of data, typically stored in multiple independently developed databases, creates significant challenges for practitioners. There is a critical need especially for open-sharing of data pertaining to engineering design which together with effective decision support tools can enable innovation. We believe that ontology applied to engineering (OE) represents a viable strategy for the (...)
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  25.  50
    Envisioning a Transdisciplinary University.Leigh Carroll, Mohammed K. Ali, Patricia Cuff, Mark D. Huffman, Bridget B. Kelly, Sandeep P. Kishore, K. M. Venkat Narayan, Karen R. Siegel & Rajesh Vedanthan - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (S2):17-25.
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  26.  30
    Impact of Gunas and Karma Yoga on Transformational Leadership.Smriti Agarwalla, Bhargavi Seshadri & Venkat R. Krishnan - 2015 - Journal of Human Values 21 (1):11-22.
    This study examined whether transformational leadership would be affected by the predominance of a particular guna in a leader and his or her belief in Karma Yoga. An experiment was conducted using a sample of 110 marketing executives working in a financial services firm in eastern India. A 2 × 2 + 1 factorial design was used to manipulate the three gunas and Karma Yoga. Sattva and rajas were crossed with Karma Yoga to produce four cells, with tamas being the (...)
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  27.  13
    The Gunas Personality Framework: Validating a Contemporary Scale.Surabhi Sachar, Zubin R. Mulla & Venkat R. Krishnan - 2023 - Journal of Human Values 29 (3):244-260.
    Gunas personality framework is an inclusive and comprehensive personality framework. Every human being is composed of three gunas or fundamental elements —sattva (intelligence-stuff), rajas (energy-stuff), and tamas (mass-stuff). Some of the prior measures of gunas do not fully capture the content of this variable, and some are not suitable for contemporary use. We conceptualize gunas in terms of an individual’s attitude towards social issues and have developed a new measure of gunas. We have demonstrated the concurrent and predictive validity of (...)
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  28.  7
    A Preliminary Report: The Hippocampus and Surrounding Temporal Cortex of Patients With Schizophrenia Have Impaired Blood-Brain Barrier.Eric L. Goldwaser, Randel L. Swanson, Edgardo J. Arroyo, Venkat Venkataraman, Mary C. Kosciuk, Robert G. Nagele, L. Elliot Hong & Nimish K. Acharya - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Though hippocampal volume reduction is a pathological hallmark of schizophrenia, the molecular pathway responsible for this degeneration remains unknown. Recent reports have suggested the potential role of impaired blood-brain barrier function in schizophrenia pathogenesis. However, direct evidence demonstrating an impaired BBB function is missing. In this preliminary study, we used immunohistochemistry and serum immunoglobulin G antibodies to investigate the state of BBB function in formalin-fixed postmortem samples from the hippocampus and surrounding temporal cortex of patients with schizophrenia and controls without (...)
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  29.  33
    Qualitative Analysis of Healthcare Professionals’ Viewpoints on the Role of Ethics Committees and Hospitals in the Resolution of Clinical Ethical Dilemmas.Brian S. Marcus, Gary Shank, Jestin N. Carlson & Arvind Venkat - 2015 - HEC Forum 27 (1):11-34.
    Ethics consultation is a commonly applied mechanism to address clinical ethical dilemmas. However, there is little information on the viewpoints of health care providers towards the relevance of ethics committees and appropriate application of ethics consultation in clinical practice. We sought to use qualitative methodology to evaluate free-text responses to a case-based survey to identify thematically the views of health care professionals towards the role of ethics committees in resolving clinical ethical dilemmas. Using an iterative and reflexive model we identified (...)
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  30.  31
    Comparison of viewpoints of health care professionals with or without involvement with formal ethics processes on the role of ethics committees and hospitals in the resolution of clinical ethical dilemmas.Brian S. Marcus, Jestin Carlson, Gajanan G. Hegde, Jennifer Shang & Arvind Venkat - 2015 - Clinical Ethics 10 (1-2):22-33.
    ObjectiveOur objective was to evaluate whether those individuals with previous involvement with formal clinical ethics processes differ in their attitudes towards the resolution of prototypical clinical ethics cases than general health care professionals. We hypothesized that those individuals with previous participation in ethics consultation would have significantly different attitudes on the appropriate role of ethics committees in the assessment and resolution of clinical ethical dilemmas than those who have not.MethodsWe conducted a case-based survey of health care professionals at six US (...)
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  31.  30
    Evaluation of Viewpoints of Health Care Professionals on the Role of Ethics Committees and Hospitals in the Resolution of Clinical Ethical Dilemmas Based on Practice Environment.Brian S. Marcus, Jestin N. Carlson, Gajanan G. Hegde, Jennifer Shang & Arvind Venkat - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (1):35-52.
    We sought to evaluate whether health care professionals’ viewpoints differed on the role of ethics committees and hospitals in the resolution of clinical ethical dilemmas based on practice location. We conducted a survey study from December 21, 2013 to March 15, 2014 of health care professionals at six hospitals. The survey consisted of eight clinical ethics cases followed by statements on whether there was a role for the ethics committee or hospital in their resolution, what that role might be and (...)
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  32. Time phases, pointers, rules and embedding.John A. Barnden - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):451-452.
    This paper is a commentary on the target article by Lokendra Shastri & Venkat Ajjanagadde [S&A]: “From simple associations to systematic reasoning: A connectionist representation of rules, variables and dynamic bindings using temporal synchrony” in same issue of the journal, pp.417–451. -/- It puts S&A's temporal-synchrony binding method in a broader context, comments on notions of pointing and other ways of associating information - in both computers and connectionist systems - and mentions types of reasoning that are a (...)
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  33.  2
    Response to Perry and Venkat.Autumn Fiester - 2015 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 26 (2):190-191.
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  34.  8
    Bharat Jayram Venkat. At the Limits of Cure. 304 pp., bibl., index. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2021. $27.95 (paper); ISBN 9781478014720. Cloth available. [REVIEW]Koyna Tomar - 2022 - Isis 113 (3):677-678.
  35. Abelson, RP 64 Adams, MJ 94-5 Adler, JE 310n Ajjanagadde, V. 138, 139, 152-6 Ajzen, I. 310n.R. D. Alexander, M. J. Almeida, Anderson Jr, L. Aqvist, R. Audi, R. Axelrod, B. J. Baars, A. Baddeley, G. A. Barnard & B. Barnes - 1993 - In K. I. Manktelow & D. E. Over (eds.), Rationality: Psychological and Philosophical Perspectives. Routledge.
  36.  25
    Parallel reasoning in structured connectionist networks: Signatures versus temporal synchrony.Trent E. Lange & Michael G. Dyer - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):328-331.
    Shastri & Ajjanagadde argue convincingly that both structured connectionist networks and parallel dynamic inferencing are necessary for reflexive reasoning - a kind of inferencing and reasoning that occurs rapidly, spontaneously, and without conscious effort, and which seems necessary for everyday tasks such as natural language understanding. As S&A describe, reflexive reasoning requires a solution to thedynamic binding problem, that is, how to encode systematic and abstract knowledge and instantiate it in specific situations to draw appropriate inferences. Although symbolic artificial (...)
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  37.  21
    A hybrid architecture for text comprehension: Elaborative inferences and attentional focus.Jesus Ezquerro Martínez & Mauricio Iza Miqueleiz - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (2):247-279.
    O'Brien et al. reported that readers generated elaborative inferences only when a text contained characteristics that made it easy to predict the specific inference that a reader would draw, and virtually eliminated the possibility of the inference being discon-firmed. Garrod et al., however, offered two qualifications to these conclusions. First, the two text characteristics manipulated may have produced different types of elaborative inferencing: a biasing context results in a passive form of elaborative inferencing, involving setting up a context of interpretation, (...)
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  38.  10
    A hybrid architecture for text comprehension.Jesús Ezquerro & Mauricio Iza Miqueleiz - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (2):247-279.
    O'Brien et al. reported that readers generated elaborative inferences only when a text contained characteristics that made it easy to predict the specific inference that a reader would draw, and virtually eliminated the possibility of the inference being discon-firmed. Garrod et al., however, offered two qualifications to these conclusions. First, the two text characteristics manipulated may have produced different types of elaborative inferencing: a biasing context results in a passive form of elaborative inferencing, involving setting up a context of interpretation, (...)
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  39.  4
    Knowledge Representation, Reflexive Reasoning and Discourse Processing.Jesus Ezquerro & Mauricio Iza - 1996 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 11 (2):125-145.
    Classical approaches such as frames, scripts,... have been unable to deal with the kind of inferences necessary in natural language processing situations such as text comprehension. Shastri & Ajjanagadde (1993), proposed a local connectionist model for the sort of reasoning requiring such a fast inference. The problem with this system is that it controls only the adequacy of argument- fillers, leaving untouched the activation control issue, namely, why we perform certain inferences, and not others, in a given situation. The (...)
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