Results for 'Vera Hoffman-Kolss'

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  1.  86
    Interventionism and Higher-Level Causation.Vera Hoffman-Kolss - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (1):49-64.
    Several authors have recently claimed that the notorious causal exclusion problem, according to which higher-level causes are threatened with causal pre-emption by lower-level causes, can be avoided if causal relevance is understood in terms of Woodward's interventionist account of causation. They argue that if causal relevance is defined in interventionist terms, there are cases where only higher-level properties, but not the lower-level properties underlying them, qualify as causes of a certain effect. In this article, I show that the line of (...)
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  2.  82
    Review of Vera Hoffmann-Kolss, The Metaphysics of Extrinsic Properties[REVIEW]Ralf M. Bader - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (10).
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  3. Understanding the Intrinsic/Extrinsic Distinction: Vera Hoffmann-Kolss: The Metaphysics of Extrinsic Properties. Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 2010, 222pp, €89.00 HB.Robert Francescotti - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):91-94.
    Understanding the intrinsic/extrinsic distinction Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9549-x Authors Robert Francescotti, Department of Philosophy, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182-6044, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  4. The Metaphysics of Extrinsic Properties.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - 2010 - Ontos-Verlag.
    This book aims to develop a philosophical theory of extrinsic properties – of properties whose instantiation by an object does not only depend on what the object itself is like, but also on features of its environment. Various accounts of the intrinsic/extrinsic distinction are analysed in detail, and it is argued that the most promising approach to defining this distinction is to consider extrinsic properties as a particular type of relational property. Moreover, it is shown that two key notions in (...)
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  5.  86
    Defining Qualitative Properties.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (5):995-1010.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a systematic account of the metaphysically important distinction between haecceitistic properties, such as being David Lewis or being acquainted with David Lewis, and qualitative properties, such as being red or being acquainted with a famous philosopher. I first argue that this distinction is hyperintensional, that is, that cointensional properties can differ in whether they are qualitative. Then I develop an analysis of the qualitative/haecceitistic distinction according to which haecceitistic properties are relational in (...)
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  6.  85
    Of Brains and Planets: On a Causal Criterion for Mind-Brain Identities.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - 2016 - Synthese 193 (4):1177-1189.
    Whether mental properties are identical with neural properties is one of the central questions of contemporary philosophy of mind. Many philosophers agree that even if mental properties are identical with neural properties, the mind-brain identity thesis cannot be established on empirical grounds, but only be vindicated by theoretical philosophical considerations. In his paper ‘When Is a Brain Like the Planet?’, Clark Glymour proposes a causal criterion for local property identifications and claims that this criterion can be used to empirically establish (...)
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  7. Interventionism and Non-Causal Dependence Relations: New Work for a Theory of Supervenience.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
    Causes must be distinct from their effects. If the temperature in a room is 15°F, this can cause water pipes to freeze. However, the temperature’s being 15°F is not a cause of the temperature’s being below the freezing point. In general, conceptual, logical, mathematical, and other non-causal dependence relations should not be misclassified as causal. In this paper, I discuss how interventionist theories of causation can meet the challenge of distinguishing between (direct or indirect) causal relations and dependence relations that (...)
     
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  8. On a Sufficient Condition for Hyperintensionality.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (260):336-354.
    Let an X/Y distinction be a distinction between kinds of properties, such as the distinctions between qualitative and non-qualitative, intrinsic and extrinsic, perfectly natural and less-than-perfectly natural or dispositional and categorical properties. An X/Y distinction is hyperintensional iff there are cointensional properties P and Q, such that P is an X-property, whereas Q is a Y-property. Many accounts of metaphysical distinctions among properties presuppose that such distinctions are non-hyperintensional. In this paper, I call this presupposition into question. I develop a (...)
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  9.  58
    Is the Intrinsic/Extrinsic Distinction Hyperintensional?Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - 2014 - In Robert M. Francescotti (ed.), Companion to Intrinsic Properties. de Gruyter. pp. 157-173.
    Several authors have recently claimed that the distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic properties is hyperintensional, i.e., that there are cointensional properties P and Q, such that P is intrinsic, while Q is extrinsic. In this paper, I aim to defend the classical view that whenever P and Q are cointensional properties, then P and Q are either both intrinsic or both extrinsic. I first argue that the standard characterization of the intrinsic/extrinsic distinction involves dependence claims: intrinsic properties are those properties (...)
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  10. Why Intrinsicness Should Be Defined in a Non-Reductive Way.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95:1-14.
    Defining the distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic properties has turned out to be one of the most difficult and controversial tasks in contemporary metaphysics. It is generally assumed that a definition of intrinsicness should aim to avoid as many counterexamples as possible and reduce the notion to less controversial philosophical notions. In this paper, the author argues for a new methodological approach to defining intrinsicness. Rather than trying to cover as many intuitive examples as possible, a definition of intrinsicness should (...)
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  11.  1
    Handbuch Philosophie des Geistes.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss & Nicole Rathgeb (eds.) - 2019 - J.B. Metzler.
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  12. Intrinsische und extrinsische Eigenschaften.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - 2017 - In Markus Schrenk (ed.), Handbuch Metaphysik. J.B. Metzler. pp. 103-109.
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  13. Logik.Vera Hoffmann-Kolss - 2013 - In Achim Stephan & Sven Walter (eds.), Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft. J.B. Metzler. pp. 145-151.
  14.  10
    Interpretation of the Archaic Tablet of the E. A. Hoffman Collection.George A. Barton & E. A. Hoffman - 1902 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 23:21-28.
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  15. Les Relacions de Joan Lluís Vives Amb Els Anglesos I Amb l'Angleterra [Tr. By J. Palau Vera].Foster Watson & Joan Palau Vera - 1918
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  16.  3
    Sharona Hoffman Replies.Sharona Hoffman - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (2):47-47.
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  17. Philosophie de la Nature, de Hégel. Traduite Pour la Première Fois Et Accompagnée d'Une Introd. Et d'Un Commentaire Perpétuel Par A. Véra. Paris, 1863-66. [REVIEW]Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & Augusto Véra - 1969 - Culture Et Civilisation.
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  18. Philosophie de la Religion, de Hégel. Traduite Pour la Première Fois Et Accompagnée de Plusieurs Introductions Et d'Un Commentaire Perpétuel Par A. Véra. Paris, 1876-78. [REVIEW]Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & Augusto Véra - 1969 - Culture Et Civilisation.
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  19. Jerome R Hoffman, MO, MA William R Mower, MD, PhO UCLA Emergency Medicine Center Los Angeles, CA 47/8/98144.I. Hoffman Jr & Dl Mower Wr - 1998 - Nexus 32:461-469.
     
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  20.  73
    A challenge for Super-Humeanism: the problem of immanent comparisons.Vera Matarese - 2020 - Synthese 197 (9):4001-4020.
    According to the doctrine of Super-Humeanism, the world’s mosaic consists only of permanent matter points and changing spatial relations, while all the other entities and features figuring in scientific theories are nomological parameters, whose role is merely to build the best law system. In this paper, I develop an argument against Super-Humeanism by pointing out that it is vulnerable to and does not have the resources to solve the well-known problem of immanent comparisons. Firstly, I show that it cannot endorse (...)
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  21. When Fields Are Not Degrees of Freedom.Vera Hartenstein & Mario Hubert - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 72 (1):245-275.
    We show that in the Maxwell–Lorentz theory of classical electrodynamics most initial values for fields and particles lead to an ill-defined dynamics, as they exhibit singularities or discontinuities along light-cones. This phenomenon suggests that the Maxwell equations and the Lorentz force law ought rather to be read as a system of delay differential equations, that is, differential equations that relate a function and its derivatives at different times. This mathematical reformulation, however, leads to physical and philosophical consequences for the ontological (...)
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  22. Denby on the Distinction Between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Properties.V. Hoffmann-Kolss - 2010 - Mind 119 (475):763-772.
    In this paper, I raise an objection to the criterion of the intrinsic/extrinsic distinction proposed by David Denby in his article ‘The Distinction between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Properties’ (2006). I show that the extrinsic property of being either red and lonely or green cannot adequately be accounted for by Denby’s criterion and argue that this difficulty points to a general problem inherent to Denby’s account.
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  23. Carnap's Noncognitivism About Ontology.Vera Flocke - 2020 - Noûs 54 (3):527-548.
    Do numbers exist? Carnap (1956 [1950]) famously argues that this question can be understood in an “internal” and in an “external” sense, and calls “external” questions “non-cognitive”. Carnap also says that external questions are raised “only by philosophers” (p. 207), which means that, in his view, philosophers raise ”non-cognitive” questions. However, it is not clear how the internal/external distinction and Carnap’s related views about philosophy should be understood. This paper provides a new interpretation. I draw attention to Carnap’s distinction between (...)
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  24.  19
    The Buddhist Empiricism Thesis: FRANK J. HOFFMAN.Frank J. Hoffman - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (2):151-158.
    In what follows I argue for two interrelated theses: that early Buddhism is not a form of empiricism, and that consequently there is no basis for an early Buddhist apologetic which contrasts an empirical early Buddhism with either a metaphysical Hinduism on the one hand, or with a baseless Christianity on the other.
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  25.  52
    Loop Quantum Gravity: A New Threat to Humeanism? Part I: The Problem of Spacetime.Vera Matarese - 2019 - Foundations of Physics 49 (3):232-259.
    In this paper, I discuss whether the results of loop quantum gravity constitute a fatal blow to Humeanism. There is at least a prima facie reason for believing so: while Humeanism regards spatiotemporal relations as fundamental, LQG describes the fundamental layer of our reality in terms of spin networks, which are not in spacetime. However, the question should be tackled more carefully. After explaining the importance of the debate on the tenability of Humeanism in light of LQG, and having presented (...)
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  26. Ontological Expressivism.Vera Flocke - 2021 - In J. T. M. Miller (ed.), The Language of Ontology. Oxford, UK:
    Ontological expressivism is the view that ontological existence claims express non-cognitive mental states. I develop a version of ontological expressivism that is modeled after Gibbard’s (2003) norm-expressivism. I argue that, when speakers assess whether, say, composite objects exist, they rely on assumptions with regard to what is required for composition to occur. These assumptions guide their assessment, similar to how norms may guide the assessment of normative propositions. Against this backdrop, I argue that “some objects have parts”, uttered in the (...)
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  27.  62
    Data From Eye-Tracking Corpora as Evidence for Theories of Syntactic Processing Complexity.Vera Demberg & Frank Keller - 2008 - Cognition 109 (2):193-210.
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  28. Gene Editing, the Mystic Threat to Human Dignity.Vera Lúcia Raposo - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (2):249-257.
    Many arguments have been made against gene editing. This paper addresses the commonly invoked argument that gene editing violates human dignity and is ultimately a subversion of human nature. There are several drawbacks to this argument. Above all, the concept of what human dignity means is unclear. It is not possible to condemn a practice that violates human dignity if we do not know exactly what is being violated. The argument’s entire reasoning is thus undermined. Analyses of the arguments involved (...)
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  29.  18
    Buddhist Belief ‘In’: F. J. HOFFMAN.F. J. Hoffman - 1985 - Religious Studies 21 (3):381-387.
    Recent articles in Religious Studies have underscored the questions of whether Buddhism presents any empirical doctrines, and whether, if it does, such doctrines are false or vacuous. In what follows I want to sketch an interpretation of Buddhism according to which it does not offer doctrines which are empirically false, on the one hand, or trivially true on the other. In doing so I take my cue from an earlier, and by now classic, paper by H. H. Price. For the (...)
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  30.  23
    Lost in ‘Culturation’: Medical Informed Consent in China.Vera Lúcia Raposo - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (1):17-30.
    Although Chinese law imposes informed consent for medical treatments, the Chinese understanding of this requirement is very different from the European one, mostly due to the influence of Confucianism. Chinese doctors and relatives are primarily interested in protecting the patient, even from the truth; thus, patients are commonly uninformed of their medical conditions, often at the family’s request. The family plays an important role in health care decisions, even substituting their decisions for the patient’s. Accordingly, instead of personal informed consent, (...)
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  31.  36
    On Being Mindful of ‘God’: Reply to Kai Nielsen: Robert Hoffman.Robert Hoffman - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (3):289-290.
  32. How to Engineer a Concept.Vera Flocke - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (10):3069-3083.
    One dimension of cognitive success concerns getting it right: having many true beliefs and no false ones. Another dimension of cognitive success concerns using the right concepts. For example, using a concept of a person that systematically excludes people of certain demographics from its extension is a sort of cognitive deficiency. This view, if correct, tasks inquirers with critically examining the concepts they are using and perhaps replacing those concepts with new and better ones. This task is often referred to (...)
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  33. Can You Recognize Delirium?B. S. N. Jo Hoffman & Cen Ccrn - forthcoming - Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
  34.  29
    Hoffman on Kripke's Wittgenstein.George Rudebusch - 1986 - Philosophical Research Archives 12:177-182.
    Paul Hoffman (in “Kripke on Private Language”, Philosophical Studies 47, 1985, 23-28) argues that Kripke’s Wittgenstein fails in his solution to his own sceptical paradox. I argue that Hoffman fails to see the importance for Kripke’s Wittgenstein of the distinction between agreement in fact and judged agreement. Hoffman is right that no solution to the sceptical paradox can be based on agreement in fact, but the solution of Kripke’s Wittgenstein depends upon judged agreement. An interpretation is given: (...)
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  35.  14
    Collective Responsibility: Five Decades of Debate in Theoretical and Applied Ethics.Larry May & Stacey Hoffman (eds.) - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    This anthology presents recent philosophical analyses of the moral, political, and legal responsibility of groups and their members. Motivated by reflection on such events as the Holocaust, the exploding Ford Pintos, the May Lai massacre, and apartheid in South Africa, the essays consider two questions - what collective efforts could have prevented these large-scale social harms? and is some group to blame and, if so, how is blame to be apportioned? The essays in the first half consider the concept of (...)
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  36.  14
    The Philosophical Writings of Descartes.John Carriero, Paul Hoffman, John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff & Dugald Murdoch - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (1):93.
  37.  8
    How Metacontrol Biases and Adaptivity Impact Performance in Cognitive Search Tasks.Vera N. Mekern, Zsuzsika Sjoerds & Bernhard Hommel - 2019 - Cognition 182:251-259.
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  38. Vera Zasulich’s Critique of Neo-Populism.Constanza Bosch Alessio & Daniel Gaido - 2015 - Historical Materialism 23 (4):93-125.
    Vera Zasulich’s shooting of Trepov, a governor of St Petersburg who had ordered the flogging of a political prisoner, in January 1878, catapulted her to international fame as a revolutionary heroine, a reputation that she put to good use by becoming one of the five ‘founding parents’ of Russian Marxism that created the ‘Group for the Emancipation of Labour’ in 1883. But her act of self-sacrifice also triggered, to her dismay, the institutionalisation of individual terrorist tactics in the Russian (...)
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  39.  36
    The Neglected Ethical and Spiritual Motivations in the Workplace.Manuel Guillén, Ignacio Ferrero & W. Michael Hoffman - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (4):803-816.
    Understanding what motivates employees is essential to the success of organizational objectives. Therefore, properly capturing and explaining the full range of such motivations are important. However, the classical and most popular theories describing employee motives have neglected, if not omitted entirely, the importance of the ethical and spiritual dimensions of motivation. This has led to a model of a person as self-interested, amoral, and non-spiritual. In this paper, we attempt to expose this omission and offer a more complete taxonomy of (...)
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  40. Vice is Nice But Incest is Best: The Problem of a Moral Taboo.Vera Bergelson - 2013 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (1):43-59.
    Incest is a crime in most societies. In the United States, incest is punishable in almost every state with sentences going as far as 20 and 30 years in prison, and even a life sentence. Yet the reasons traditionally proffered in justification of criminalization of incest—respecting religion and universal tradition; avoiding genetic abnormalities; protecting the family unit; preventing sexual abuse and sexual imposition; and precluding immorality—at a close examination, reveal their under- and over-inclusiveness, inconsistency or outright inadequacy. It appears that (...)
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  41.  42
    Contested Remembrance: The Hiroshima Exhibit Controversy.Vera L. Zolberg - 1998 - Theory and Society 27 (4):565-590.
  42. Hoffman’s “Proof” of the Possibility of Spectrum Inversion.Alex Byrne & David Hilbert - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):48-50.
    Philosophers have devoted a great deal of discussion to the question of whether an inverted spectrum thought experiment refutes functionalism. (For a review of the inverted spectrum and its many philosophical applications, see Byrne, 2004.) If Ho?man is correct the matter can be swiftly and conclusively settled, without appeal to any empirical data about color vision (or anything else). Assuming only that color experiences and functional relations can be mathematically represented, a simple mathematical result.
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  43.  1
    Hoffman V. Monsanto: Courts, Class Actions, and Perceptions of the Problem of GM Drift.Heather McLeod-Kilmurray - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (3):188-201.
    Hoffman v. Monsanto raises questions about the civil litigation system. Are courts appropriate institutions, and are class actions the appropriate procedure, for resolving disputes about genetically modified organisms? After addressing the institutional question, this article focuses on procedure. Although class actions are designed to empower group litigation, environmental class actions are rarely permitted. This is partly because their claims for private law actions seeking monetary compensation cause courts to focus on individual aspects of the problem, and the collective harm (...)
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  44.  35
    Misinformation and Memory: The Creation of New Memories.Elizabeth F. Loftus & Hunter G. Hoffman - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (1):100-104.
  45.  12
    Institutional-Political Scenarios for Anthropocene Society.P. Devereaux Jennings & Andrew J. Hoffman - 2021 - Business and Society 60 (1):57-94.
    Natural scientists have proposed that humankind has entered a new geologic epoch. Termed the “Anthropocene,” this new reality revolves around the central role of human activity in multiple Earth ecosystems. That challenge requires a rethinking of social science explanations of organization and environment relationships. In this article, we discuss the need to politicize institutional theory as a means understanding “Anthropocene Society,” and in turn what that resultant society means for the Anthropocene in the natural environment. We modify the constitutive elements (...)
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  46. Pain and the Placebo: What We Have Learned.Ginger A. Hoffman, Anne Harrington & Howard L. Fields - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):248-265.
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  47. On Being Buddha: The Classical Doctrine of Buddhahood. [REVIEW]Frank J. Hoffman - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):135-137.
     
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  48.  48
    Hoffman on Petitionary Prayer.Eleonore Stump - 1985 - Faith and Philosophy 2 (1):30-37.
  49.  13
    Ideals of Independence.Vera Fischer & Diana Carolina Montoya - 2019 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 58 (5-6):767-785.
    We study two ideals which are naturally associated to independent families. The first of them, denoted \, is characterized by a diagonalization property which allows along a cofinal sequence of stages along a finite support iteration to adjoin a maximal independent family. The second ideal, denoted \\), originates in Shelah’s proof of \ in Shelah, 433–443, 1992). We show that for every independent family \, \\subseteq \mathcal {J}_\mathcal {A}\) and define a class of maximal independent families, to which we refer (...)
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  50.  19
    Cognitive Underpinnings of Moral Reasoning in Adolescence: The Contribution of Executive Functions.E. Vera-Estay, J. J. Dooley & M. H. Beauchamp - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (1):17-33.
    Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by intense changes, which impact the interaction between individuals and their environments. Moral reasoning is an important skill during adolescence because it guides social decisions between right and wrong. Identifying the cognitive underpinnings of MR is essential to understanding the development of this function. The aim of this study was to explore predictors of MR in typically developing adolescents and the specific contribution of higher order cognitive processing using an innovative visual MR assessment tool (...)
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