Results for 'Verguts Tom'

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  1.  7
    A Colorful Walk, but is It on the Mental Number Line? Reply to Cohen Kadosh, Tzelgov, and Henik.Tom Verguts & Filip Van Opstal - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):558-563.
    Cohen Kadosh, Tzelgov, and Henik [Cohen Kadosh, R., Tzelgov, J., and Henik, A. (2008). A synesthetic walk on the number line: The size effect. Cognition, 106, 548-557] present a new paradigm to probe properties of the mental number line. They describe two experiments which they argue to be inconsistent with the exact small number model proposed by Verguts, Fias, and Stevens [Verguts, T., Fias, W., Stevens, M. (2005). A model of exact small-number representation. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12, (...)
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  2. Post-Error Slowing: An Orienting Account.Wim Notebaert, Femke Houtman, Filip Van Opstal, Wim Gevers, Wim Fias & Tom Verguts - 2009 - Cognition 111 (2):275-279.
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  3.  79
    Adaptation by Binding: A Learning Account of Cognitive Control.Tom Verguts & Wim Notebaert - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (6):252-257.
  4.  9
    Hebbian Learning of Cognitive Control: Dealing with Specific and Nonspecific Adaptation.Tom Verguts & Wim Notebaert - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):518-525.
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  5.  45
    Reward Modulates Adaptations to Conflict.Senne Braem, Tom Verguts, Chantal Roggeman & Wim Notebaert - 2012 - Cognition 125 (2):324-332.
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  6.  3
    Verbal-Spatial and Visuospatial Coding of Number–Space Interactions.Wim Gevers, Seppe Santens, Elisah Dhooge, Qi Chen, Lisa Van den Bossche, Wim Fias & Tom Verguts - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (1):180-190.
  7.  20
    Priming Reveals Differential Coding of Symbolic and Non-Symbolic Quantities.Chantal Roggeman, Tom Verguts & Wim Fias - 2007 - Cognition 105 (2):380-394.
  8.  24
    Cognitive Control Acts Locally.Wim Notebaert & Tom Verguts - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):1071-1080.
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  9.  9
    How to Trigger Elaborate Processing? A Comment on Kunde, Kiesel, and Hoffmann.Filip Van Opstal, Bert Reynvoet & Tom Verguts - 2005 - Cognition 97 (1):89-97.
  10.  18
    Setting the Stage Subliminally: Unconscious Context Effects.Filip Van Opstal, Cristian Buc Calderon, Wim Gevers & Tom Verguts - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1860-1864.
    An important approach to understand how the brain gives rise to consciousness is to probe the depth of unconscious processing, thus to define the key features that cause conscious awareness. Here, we investigate the possibility for subliminal stimuli to shape the context for unconscious processing. Context effects have generally been assumed to require consciousness. In the present experiment, unconscious context processing was investigated by looking at the impact of the context on the response activation elicited by a subliminal prime. We (...)
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  11.  39
    Unconscious Task Application.Filip Van Opstal, Wim Gevers, Magda Osman & Tom Verguts - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):999-1006.
    The nature of unconscious information processing is a heavily debated issue in cognitive science, and neuroscience. Traditionally, it has been thought that unconscious cognitive processing is restricted to knowledge that is strongly prepared by conscious processes. In three experiments, we show that the task that is performed consciously can also be applied unconsciously to items outside the current task set. We found that a same–different judgment of two target stimuli was also performed on two subliminally presented prime stimuli. This was (...)
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  12.  46
    The Size Congruity Effect: Is Bigger Always More?Seppe Santens & Tom Verguts - 2011 - Cognition 118 (1):94-110.
  13.  18
    Unconscious Semantic Categorization and Mask Interactions: An Elaborate Response to Kunde Et Al. (2005).Filip Van Opstal, Bert Reynvoet & Tom Verguts - 2005 - Cognition 97 (1):107-113.
  14. Is There a Generalized Magnitude System in the Brain? Behavioral, Neuroimaging, and Computational Evidence.Filip Van Opstal & Tom Verguts - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  15.  4
    Numerical Cognition: Learning Binds Biology to Culture.Tom Verguts & Qi Chen - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (12):913-914.
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  16.  37
    Symbolic and Nonsymbolic Pathways of Number Processing.Tom Verguts & Wim Fias - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (4):539 – 554.
    Recent years have witnessed an enormous increase in behavioral and neuroimaging studies of numerical cognition. Particular interest has been devoted toward unraveling properties of the representational medium on which numbers are thought to be represented. We have argued that a correct inference concerning these properties requires distinguishing between different input modalities and different decision/output structures. To back up this claim, we have trained computational models with either symbolic or nonsymbolic input and with different task requirements, and showed that this allowed (...)
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  17.  16
    Unconscious Task Application.Filip Opstavanl, Wim Gevers, Magda Osman & Tom Verguts - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):999-1006.
    The nature of unconscious information processing is a heavily debated issue in cognitive science , and neuroscience . Traditionally, it has been thought that unconscious cognitive processing is restricted to knowledge that is strongly prepared by conscious processes . In three experiments, we show that the task that is performed consciously can also be applied unconsciously to items outside the current task set. We found that a same–different judgment of two target stimuli was also performed on two subliminally presented prime (...)
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  18. Losing the Boundary: Cognition Biases Action Well After Action Selection.Cristian Buc Calderon, Tom Verguts & Wim Gevers - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (4):737-743.
  19.  23
    Similarity and Rules United: Similarity‐ and Rule‐Based Processing in a Single Neural Network.Tom Verguts & Wim Fias - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (2):243-259.
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  20.  5
    The Graded Fate of Unattended Stimulus Representations in Visuospatial Working Memory.Muhammet I. Sahan, Edwin S. Dalmaijer, Tom Verguts, Masud Husain & Wim Fias - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  21.  19
    The Mental Number Line: Exact and Approximate.Wim Fias & Tom Verguts - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (10):447-448.
    Comments on an article by Feigenson et. al.(see record 2004-18473-007). Reviewing behavioral and neural data in children, humans and animals, Feigenson and colleagues distinguish two core systems for number representation. One system represents number in an exact way but has a fixed upper limit; the other system has no size limit but represents number only approximately. Both systems are claimed to have a phylogenetic origin and to constitute the basis for ontogenetic development. As such, each system's representational principles are reflected (...)
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  22.  5
    Abstract Representations of Number: What Interactions with Number Form Do Not Prove and Priming Effects Do.Seppe Santens, Wim Fias & Tom Verguts - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):351-352.
    We challenge the arguments of Cohen Kadosh & Walsh (CK&W) on two grounds. First, interactions between number form (e.g., notation, format, modality) and an experimental factor do not show that the notations/formats/modalities are processed separately. Second, we discuss evidence that numbers are coded abstractly, also when not required by task demands and processed unintentionally, thus challenging the authors' dual-code account.
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  23. B1–B11.Justin N. Wood, Elizabeth S. Spelke, David Barner, Jesse Snedeker, Min Wang, Charles A. Perfetti, Ying Liu, Filip van Opstal, Bert Reynvoet & Tom Verguts - 2005 - Cognition 97:339-341.
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  24.  5
    Task-Relevant Information Modulates Primary Motor Cortex Activity Before Movement Onset.Cristian B. Calderon, Filip Van Opstal, Philippe Peigneux, Tom Verguts & Wim Gevers - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  25. The Mental Number Line: Exact and Approximate The Mental Number Line: Exact and Approximate.Wim Fias & Tom Verguts - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (10):447-448.
    Comments on an article by Feigenson et. al.(see record 2004-18473-007). Reviewing behavioral and neural data in children, humans and animals, Feigenson and colleagues distinguish two core systems for number representation. One system represents number in an exact way but has a fixed upper limit; the other system has no size limit but represents number only approximately. Both systems are claimed to have a phylogenetic origin and to constitute the basis for ontogenetic development. As such, each system's representational principles are reflected (...)
     
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  26.  24
    Not All Basic Number Representations Are Analog: Place Coding as a Precursor of the Natural Number System.Wim Fias & Tom Verguts - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):650-651.
    Rips et al.'s arguments for rejecting basic number representations as a precursor of the natural number system are exclusively based on analog number coding. We argue that these arguments do not apply to place coding, a type of basic number representation that is not considered by Rips et al.
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  27.  10
    Behavioral Variation: A Neglected Aspect in Selectionist Thinking.Siegfried Dewitte & Tom Verguts - 1999 - Behavior and Philosophy 27 (2):127 - 145.
    A selectionist approach to human ontogenetic development relies on three basic processes: variation, selection, and retention. The approach further implies that for adaptive behavior to emerge during development, each of these processes is required. Nevertheless, to date variation has been relatively neglected. Some studies show that behavioral variability is enhanced when the appropriate contingencies are present. Moreover, behavioral variability has been shown to facilitate the acquisition of difficult behaviors in animals (e.g., Neuringer, 1993). In the first part of the present (...)
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  28. The Unfolding Action Model of Initiation Times, Movement Times, and Movement Paths.Cristian Buc Calderon, Wim Gevers & Tom Verguts - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (5):785-805.
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  29. Numerical Proportion Representation: A Neurocomputational Account.Qi Chen & Tom Verguts - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  30.  49
    Value-Based Modulation of Effort and Reward Anticipation on the Motor System.Vassena Eliana, Cobbaert Stephanie, Andres Michael, Fias Wim & Verguts Tom - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  31.  35
    Invariant Reversible QEEG Effects of Anesthetics.E. R. John, L. S. Prichep, W. Kox, P. Valdés-Sosa, J. Bosch-Bayard, E. Aubert, M. Tom, F. diMichele & L. D. Gugino - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):165-183.
    Continuous recordings of brain electrical activity were obtained from a group of 176 patients throughout surgical procedures using general anesthesia. Artifact-free data from the 19 electrodes of the International 10/20 System were subjected to quantitative analysis of the electroencephalogram (QEEG). Induction was variously accomplished with etomidate, propofol or thiopental. Anesthesia was maintained throughout the procedures by isoflurane, desflurane or sevoflurane (N = 68), total intravenous anesthesia using propofol (N = 49), or nitrous oxide plus narcotics (N = 59). A set (...)
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  32.  12
    Dissociated Spatial-Arithmetic Associations in Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions.Liu Dixiu, Verguts Tom, Li Mengjin, Ling Zekai & Chen Qi - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  33. Invariant Reversible QEEG Effects of Anesthetics - Volume 10, Number 2 (2001), Pages 165-183.E. R. John, L. S. Prichep, W. Kox, P. Valdes-Sosa, J. Bosch-Bayard, E. Aubert, M. Tom, F. diMichele & L. D. Gugino - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):138-138.
     
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  34. Tom Regan on Kind Arguments Against Animal Rights and for Human Rights.Nathan Nobis - 2016 - In Mylan Engel Jr & Gary Comstock (eds.), The Moral Rights of Animals. Lexington Books. pp. 65-80.
    Tom Regan argues that human beings and some non-human animals have moral rights because they are “subjects of lives,” that is, roughly, conscious, sentient beings with an experiential welfare. A prominent critic, Carl Cohen, objects: he argues that only moral agents have rights and so animals, since they are not moral agents, lack rights. An objection to Cohen’s argument is that his theory of rights seems to imply that human beings who are not moral agents have no moral rights, but (...)
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  35. "We Are All Noah: Tom Regan's Olive Branch to Religious Animal Ethics".Matthew C. Halteman - 2018 - Between the Species 21 (Regan: In Memorium):151-177.
    For the past thirty years, the late Tom Regan bucked the trend among secular animal rights philosophers and spoke patiently and persistently to the best angels of religious ethics in a stream of publications that enjoins religious scholars, clergy, and lay people alike to rediscover the resources within their traditions for articulating and living out an animal ethics that is more consistent with their professed values of love, mercy, and justice. My aim in this article is to showcase some of (...)
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  36.  57
    Filosofia, Tom E ilusão musical em Kant. Da vivificação sonora do ânimo à recepção do Tom da razão.Nuria Sánchez Madrid - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1):47-72.
    O artigo tenciona, primeiramente, enriquecer o estudo da função que o conceito de tom desempenha na ideia kantiana de razão, ao estendê-lo à análise da música como arte dos sons que a Crítica do Juízo contém. Em segundo lugar, propõe-se determinar os motivos pelos quais a matemática se revela incapaz, devido à especificidade do método filosófico e à corporalidade da ecepção musical, respectivamente, de expressar o modo de proceder da razão e da arte dos sons. Finalmente, aponta-se para uma semelhança (...)
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  37.  26
    Tom Regan's Seafaring Dog and (Un) Equal Inherent Worth.Rem B. Edwards - 1993 - Between the Species 9 (4):231-235.
    Tom Regan's seafaring dog that is justifiably thrown out of the lifeboat built for four to save the lives of four humans has been the topic of much discussion. Critics have argued in a variety of ways that this dog nips at Regan's Achilles heel. Without reviewing previous discussions, with much of which I certainly agree, this article develops an unexplored approach to exposing the vulnerability of the position that Regan takes on sacrificing the dog to save the humans. It (...)
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  38.  27
    Thieves of Virtue: When Bioethics Stole Medicine by Tom Koch (Review).Tom L. Beauchamp - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):11-14.
    The principal thesis in this book is that bioethics emerged—in the 1960s through the 1980s—under the influence of philosophers who claimed to have universally valid principles that could steer medicine and research to the solution of ethical problems, including even those arising at the bedside of patients. Tom Koch contends that these philosophers and their allied bioethicists “stole medicine” and its traditional values, substituting a philosophical discourse generally inaccessible to the average person. Philosophers thereby refashioned medical ethics in accordance with (...)
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  39. How We Think Mādhyamikas Think: A Response To Tom Tillemans.Yasuo Deguchi, Jay L. Garfield & Graham Priest - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (3):426-435.
    In his article in this issue, " 'How do Mādhyamikas Think?' Revisited," Tom Tillemans reflects on his earlier article "How do Mādhyamikas Think?" (2009), itself a response to earlier work of ours (Deguchi et al. 2008; Garfield and Priest 2003). There is much we agree with in these non-dogmatic and open-minded essays. Still, we have some disagreements. We begin with a response to Tillemans' first thoughts, and then turn to his second thoughts.Tillemans (2009) maintains that it is wrong to attribute (...)
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  40. Epistemic Instrumentalism and Reasons for Belief: A Reply to Tom Kelly's "Epistemic Rationality as Instrumental Rationality: A Critique".Adam Leite - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):456–464.
    Tom Kelly argues that instrumentalist aeeounts of epistemie rationality fail beeause what a person has reason to believe does not depend upon the eontent of his or her goals. However, his argument fails to distinguish questions about what the evidence supports from questions about what a person ought to believe. Once these are distinguished, the instrumentalist ean avoid Kelly’s objeetions. The paperconcludes by sketehing what I take to be the most defensible version of the instrumentalist view.
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  41.  18
    Time and Truth: The Presentism-Eternalism Debate: Tom Stoneham.Tom Stoneham - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):201-218.
    There are many questions we can ask about time, but perhaps the most fundamental is whether there are metaphysically interesting differences between past, present and future events. An eternalist believes in a block universe: past, present and future events are all on an equal footing. A gradualist believes in a growing block: he agrees with the eternalist about the past and the present but not about the future. A presentist believes that what is present has a special status. My first (...)
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  42.  76
    Epistemic Instrumentalism and Reasons for Belief: A Reply to Tom Kelly’s “Epistemic Rationality as Instrumental Rationality: A Critique”.Adam Leite - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):456-464.
    Tom Kelly argues that instrumentalist aeeounts of epistemie rationality fail beeause what a person has reason to believe does not depend upon the eontent of his or her goals. However, his argument fails to distinguish questions about what the evidence supports from questions about what a person ought to believe. Once these are distinguished, the instrumentalist ean avoid Kelly’s objeetions. The paperconcludes by sketehing what I take to be the most defensible version of the instrumentalist view.
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  43.  85
    Multi-Dimensional Utility and the Index Number Problem: Jeremy Bentham, J. S. Mill, and Qualitative Hedonism: Tom Warke.Tom Warke - 2000 - Utilitas 12 (2):176-203.
    This article develops an unconventional perspective on the utilitarianism of Bentham and Mill in at least four areas. First, it is shown that both authors conceived of utility as irreducibly multi-dimensional, and that Bentham in particular was very much aware of the ambiguity that multi-dimensionality imposes upon optimal choice under the greatest happiness principle. Secondly, I argue that any attribution of intrinsic worth to any form of human behaviour violates the first principles of Bentham's and Mill's utilitarianism, and that this (...)
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  44.  28
    Revisiting Tom Tom: Performative Anamnesis and Autonomous Vision in Ken Jacobs’ Appropriations of Tom Tom the Piper’s Son.Edwin Carels - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (2):217-230.
    In 1969 the American avant-garde filmmaker Ken Jacobs gained wide recognition with a two-hour long interpretation of a 1905 silent short film. Ever since, the artist has kept on revisiting the same material, each time with a different technological approach. Originally hailed as a prime example of structural filmmaking, Jacobs’ more recent variations on the theme of Tom Tom the Piper’s Son beg for a broader understanding of his methods and the meanings implied. To gain a deeper insight in this (...)
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  45.  69
    The Right to Privacy and the Right to Die: TOM L. BEAUCHAMP.Tom L. Beauchamp - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (2):276-292.
    Western ethics and law have been slow to come to conclusions about the right to choose the time and manner of one's death. However, policies, practices, and legal precedents have evolved quickly in the last quarter of the twentieth century, from the forgoing of respirators to the use of Do Not Resuscitate orders, to the forgoing of all medical technologies, and now, in one U.S. state, to legalized physician-assisted suicide. The sweep of history—from the Quinlan case in New Jersey to (...)
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  46.  97
    The Inaugural Address: Kantian Modality: Tom Baldwin.Tom Baldwin - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):1–24.
    Kant's claim that modality is a 'category' provides an approach to modality to be contrasted with Lewis's reductive analysis. Lewis's position is unsatisfactory, since it depends on an inherently modal conception of a world. This suggests that modality is 'primitive'; and the Kantian position is a prima facie plausible position of this kind, which is filled out by considering the relationship between modality and inference. This provides a context for comparing the Kantian position with Wright's non-cognitivist 'conventionalism'. Wright's position is (...)
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  47.  72
    Tom Seppalainen, Review of Through the Rearview Mirror: Historical Reflections on Psychology by John Macnamara. [REVIEW]Tom Seppalainen - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):549-551.
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  48.  37
    Hume – Cyber-Hume – Enactive Hume. Interview with Tom Froese.Tom Froese, Karolina Karmaza, Przemysław Nowakowski & Witold Wachowski - 2011 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 2 (1).
  49.  14
    The Inaugural Address: Kantian Modality: Tom Baldwin.Tom Baldwin - 2002 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):1-24.
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  50.  17
    Wight, Tom 1998 - Paul Us van Tarsus: Een Kennismaking Met Zijn Tbeologie.Tom Wight - 1999 - Hts Theological Studies 55 (4).
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