Results for 'Vijai Kumar'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Prof. Bimalendra Kumar.Bimalendra Kumar - unknown
    Prof. G.C. Pande in his work ‘ Studies in the Origins of Buddhism ’ speaks of the theory of relation ( paccaya) while discussing the principle of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Theory of relation ( paccaya) is a law explaining the existence of the dhammas , being related by some relations. It is further extension of the law of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Things come to existence in our day-to-day life. The law of dependent origination explains that they (...)
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. How to Debunk Moral Beliefs.Victor Kumar & Joshua May - 2019 - In Jussi Suikkanen & Antti Kauppinen (eds.), Methodology and Moral Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 25-48.
    Arguments attempting to debunk moral beliefs, by showing they are unjustified, have tended to be global, targeting all moral beliefs or a large set of them. Popular debunking arguments point to various factors purportedly influencing moral beliefs, from evolutionary pressures, to automatic and emotionally-driven processes, to framing effects. We show that these sweeping arguments face a debunker’s dilemma: either the relevant factor is not a main basis for belief or it does not render the relevant beliefs unjustified. Empirical debunking arguments (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  3. Risking and Wronging.Rahul Kumar - 2015 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (1):27-51.
  4. Who Can Be Wronged?Rahul Kumar - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):99-118.
  5. Empirical Vindication of Moral Luck.Victor Kumar - 2019 - Noûs 53 (4):987-1007.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  6. Moral Judgment as a Natural Kind.Victor Kumar - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (11):2887-2910.
    In this essay I argue that moral judgment is a natural kind by developing an empirically grounded theory of the distinctive conceptual content of moral judgments. Psychological research on the moral/conventional distinction suggests that in moral judgments right and wrong, good and bad, praiseworthiness and blameworthiness, etc. are conceptualized as serious, general, authority-independent, and objective. After laying out the theory and the empirical evidence that supports it, I address recent empirical and conceptual objections. Finally, I suggest that the theory uniquely (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  7. On the Normative Significance of Experimental Moral Psychology.Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):311-330.
    Experimental research in moral psychology can be used to generate debunking arguments in ethics. Specifically, research can indicate that we draw a moral distinction on the basis of a morally irrelevant difference. We develop this naturalistic approach by examining a recent debate between Joshua Greene and Selim Berker. We argue that Greene's research, if accurate, undermines attempts to reconcile opposing judgments about trolley cases, but that his attempt to debunk deontology fails. We then draw some general lessons about the possibility (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  8. Contractualism on Saving the Many.R. Kumar - 2001 - Analysis 61 (2):165-170.
  9.  41
    Consumer Ethical Beliefs and Personality Traits: An Exploratory Analysis. [REVIEW]Kumar C. Rallapalli, Scott J. Vitell, Frank A. Wiebe & James H. Barnes - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (7):487 - 495.
    The present study examines the relationships between consumers'' ethical beliefs and personality traits. Based on a survey of 295 undergraduate business students, the authors found that individuals with high needs for autonomy, innovation, and aggression, as well as individuals with a high propensity for taking risks tend to have less ethical beliefs concerning possible consumer actions. Individuals with a high need for social desirability and individuals with a strong problem solving coping style tend to have more ethical beliefs concerning possible (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  10. Psychopathy and Internalism.Victor Kumar - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):318-345.
    Do psychopaths make moral judgments but lack motivation? Or are psychopaths’ judgments are not genuinely moral? Both sides of this debate seem to assume either externalist or internalist criteria for the presence of moral judgment. However, if moral judgment is a natural kind, we can arrive at a theory-neutral criterion for moral judgment. A leading naturalistic criterion suggests that psychopaths have an impaired capacity for moral judgment; the capacity is neither fully present nor fully absent. Psychopaths are therefore not counterexamples (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  11.  83
    Foul Behavior.Victor Kumar - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    Disgust originated as an evolutionary adaptation for avoiding disease, but it has since infiltrated morality. Many philosophers are skeptical of moral disgust. Skeptics argue that disgust is unreliable and harmful, and that we should eliminate or minimize feelings of disgust in moral thought. However, these arguments are unsuccessful. They do not show that disgust is more problematic than other emotions implicated in morality. Moreover, empirical research suggests that disgust supports important norms and values. Disgust is frequently elicited by “reciprocity violations,” (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  12. Permissible Killing and the Irrelevance of Being Human.Rahul Kumar - 2007 - The Journal of Ethics 12 (1):57-80.
    This is a review essay of Jeff McMahan's recent book The Ethics of Killing : Problems at the Margins of Life. In the first part, I lay out the central features of McMahan's account of the wrongness of killing and its implications for when it is permissible to kill. In the second part of the essay, I argue that we ought not to accept McMahan's rejection of species membership as having any bearing on whether it is permissible to kill a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  13.  34
    The Empirical Identity of Moral Judgment.Victor Kumar - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (265):783-804.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  14. Honor and Moral Revolution.Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (1):147-59.
    Western philosophers have generally neglected honor as a moral phenomenon worthy of serious study. Appiah’s recent work on honor in moral revolutions is an important exception, but even he is careful to separate honor from morality, regarding it as only “an ally” of morality. In this paper we take Appiah to be right about the psychological, social, and historical role honor has played in three notable moral revolutions, but wrong about the moral nature of honor. We defend two new theses: (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  15. Quantum: Einstein, Bohr, and the Great Debate About the Nature of Reality.Manjit Kumar - 2009 - Hachette India.
    The reluctant revolutionary -- The patent slave -- The golden Dane -- The quantum atom -- When Einstein met Bohr -- The prince of duality -- Spin doctors -- The quantum magician -- A late erotic outburst -- Uncertainty in Copenhagen -- Solvay 1927 -- Einstein forgets relativity -- Quantum reality -- For whom Bell's theorem tolls -- The quantum demon.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  16.  70
    Risking Future Generations.Rahul Kumar - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):245-257.
    Many of the policy choices we face that have implications for the lives of future generations involve creating a risk that they will live lives that are significantly compromised. I argue that we can fruitfully make use of the resources of Scanlon’s contractualist account of moral reasoning to make sense of the intuitive idea that, in many cases, the objection to adopting a policy that puts the interest of future generations at risk is that doing so wrongs those who will (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  17.  32
    Moral Vindications.Victor Kumar - 2017 - Cognition 167:124-134.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  18. Defending the Moral Moderate: Contractualism and Common Sense.Rahul Kumar - 1999 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (4):275-309.
  19. ‘Knowledge’ as a Natural Kind Term.Victor Kumar - 2014 - Synthese 191 (3):439-457.
    Naturalists who conceive of knowledge as a natural kind are led to treat ‘knowledge’ as a natural kind term. ‘Knowledge,’ then, must behave semantically in the ways that seem to support a direct reference theory for other natural kind terms. A direct reference theory for ‘knowledge,’ however, appears to leave open too many possibilities about the identity of knowledge. Intuitively, states of belief count as knowledge only if they meet epistemic criteria, not merely if they bear a causal/historical relation to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  20.  43
    Using Movement and Intentions to Understand Human Activity.Jeffrey M. Zacks, Shawn Kumar, Richard A. Abrams & Ritesh Mehta - 2009 - Cognition 112 (2):201-216.
  21. Wronging Future People: A Contractualist Proposal.Rahul Kumar - 2009 - In Gosseries Axel & Meyers L. (eds.), Intergenerational Justice. Oxford University Press. pp. 251--272.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  22.  17
    Hermeneutics of Technological Culture.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (2):137-148.
  23.  13
    Ecology, Culture, and Philosophy: Metaphysical Perspectives From Basanta Kumar Mallik.Basanta Kumar Mallik, Madhuri Sondhi & Mary M. Walker (eds.) - 1988 - Abhinav Publications.
    This Collection Focuses On The New Weltanschauung Of Mallik And Makes His Philosophical Work Accessible To The General Reader By Providing Explications Of Key ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Dimensions of Buddhism and Jainism: Professor Suniti Kumar Pathak Felicitation Volume.Suniti Kumar Pathak, Ramaranjan Mukherji & Buddhadev Bhattacharya (eds.) - 2009 - Sanskrit Book Depot.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Realism, Responses and Reactions: Essays in Honour of Pranab Kumar Sen.Pranab Kumar Sen & D. P. Chattopadhyaya (eds.) - 2000 - Sole Distributor, Munshiram Manoharlal.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T. M. Scanlon.R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar & Samuel Freeman (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Reasons and Recognition brings together fourteen new papers on an array of topics from the many areas to which Scanlon has made path-breaking contributions, ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  27. Reasonable Reasons in Contractualist Moral Argument.Rahul Kumar - 2003 - Ethics 114 (1):6-37.
  28. Nation-States as Empires, Empires as Nation-States: Two Principles, One Practice? [REVIEW]Krishan Kumar - 2010 - Theory and Society 39 (2):119-143.
  29.  33
    Kant and the Harmony of the Faculties: A Non-Cognitive Interpretation.Apaar Kumar - 2018 - Kantian Review 23 (1):1-26.
  30. The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections.Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2003 - In A. Günter, R. Kruse & B. Neumann (eds.), KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence. Berlin: Springer. pp. 135-148.
    The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology are among the most widely used terminology resources in the biomedical domain. However, when we evaluate them in the light of simple principles for wellconstructed ontologies we find a number of characteristic inadequacies. Employing the theory of granular partitions, a new approach to the understanding of ontologies and of the relationships ontologies bear to instances in reality, we provide an application of this theory in relation to an example drawn from the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  31. Oncology Ontology in the NCI Thesaurus.Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence in Medicine:213-220.
    The National Cancer Institute’s Thesaurus (NCIT) has been created with the goal of providing a controlled vocabulary which can be used by specialists in the various sub-domains of oncology. It is intended to be used for purposes of annotation in ways designed to ensure the integration of data and information deriving from these various sub-domains, and thus to support more powerful cross-domain inferences. In order to evaluate its suitability for this purpose, we examined the NCIT’s treatment of the kinds of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  32. In Support of Anti-Intellectualism.Victor Kumar - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (1):135-54.
    Intellectualist theories attempt to assimilate know how to propositional knowledge and, in so doing, fail to properly explain the close relation know how bears to action. I develop here an anti-intellectualist theory that is warranted, I argue, because it best accounts for the difference between know how and mere “armchair knowledge.” Know how is a mental state characterized by a certain world-to-mind direction of fit (though it is non-motivational) and attendant functional role. It is essential of know how, but not (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  33.  65
    Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy.Jeff Weintraub & Krishan Kumar (eds.) - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    These essays, by widely respected scholars in fields ranging from social and political theory to historical sociology and cultural studies, illuminate the significance of the public/private distinction for an increasingly wide range of ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  34.  24
    Culture of Sedimentation in the Human–Technology Interaction.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2016 - AI and Society 31 (2):233-242.
  35. How Many of Us Are There?Hannah Tierney, Chris Howard, Victor Kumar, Trevor Kvaran & Shaun Nichols - 2014 - In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Continuum Press.
  36.  42
    Postphenomenological Investigations of Technological Experience.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (2):199-205.
  37. Contractualist Proposal.Rahul Kumar - 2009 - In Gosseries Axel & Meyers L. (eds.), Intergenerational Justice. Oxford University Press. pp. 251.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  38.  30
    The End of South African Sanctions, Institutional Ownership, and the Stock Price Performance of Boycotted Firms Evidence on the Impact of Social/Ethical Investing.Raman Kumar, William B. Lamb & Richard E. Wokutch - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (2):133-165.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  39.  52
    A Review of the Types of Scientific Misconduct in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW]Malhar N. Kumar - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):211-228.
    Biomedical research has increased in magnitude over the last two decades. Increasing number of researchers has led to increase in competition for scarce resources. Researchers have often tried to take the shortest route to success which may involve performing fraudulent research. Science suffers from unethical research as much time, effort and cost is involved in exposing fraud and setting the standards right. It is better for all students of science to be aware of the methods used in fraudulent research so (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  40.  26
    Review of the Ethics and Etiquettes of Time Management of Manuscript Peer Review. [REVIEW]Malhar N. Kumar - 2014 - Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (4):333-346.
    With the ever expanding array of professional journals, pressures on the peer review process have increased considerably. Unless editors and publishers recognize the need for improving the efficiency of the process, the future of traditional peer review may be at risk. This is a review of the studies that have followed up the suggestions made by Ingelfinger in 1974 for improvement of manuscript peer review. Implementation of changes has been slow, despite the abundance of literature that suggests the necessary improvements. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  41.  3
    Fostering Ethical Biomedical and Health Research in India During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Nandini K. Kumar & Vasantha Muthuswamy - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-10.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has brought unprecedented, major challenges to the ethical conduct of research including challenges for the rapid and robust ethical review of biomedical research. The Indian...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  49
    Ethics and Aesthetics of Technologies.Arun Kumar Tripathi - 2010 - AI and Society 25 (1):5-9.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  43. Towards a Proteomics Meta-Classification.Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2004 - In IEEE Fourth Symposium on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering, Taichung, Taiwan. IEEE Press. pp. 419–427.
    that can serve as a foundation for more refined ontologies in the field of proteomics. Standard data sources classify proteins in terms of just one or two specific aspects. Thus SCOP (Structural Classification of Proteins) is described as classifying proteins on the basis of structural features; SWISSPROT annotates proteins on the basis of their structure and of parameters like post-translational modifications. Such data sources are connected to each other by pairwise term-to-term mappings. However, there are obstacles which stand in the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  44. Moral Reasoning on the Ground.Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar - 2012 - Ethics 122 (2):273-312.
    We present a unified empirical and philosophical account of moral consistency reasoning, a distinctive form of moral reasoning that exposes inconsistencies among moral judgments about concrete cases. Judgments opposed in belief or in emotion and motivation are inconsistent when the cases are similar in morally relevant respects. Moral consistency reasoning, we argue, regularly shapes moral thought and feeling by coordinating two systems described in dual process models of moral cognition. Our empirical explanation of moral change fills a gap in the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  45.  35
    Aspects of the Western Utopian Tradition.Krishan Kumar - 2003 - History of the Human Sciences 16 (1):63-77.
    The western utopia has both classical and Judaeo-Christian roots. From the Greeks came the form of the ideal city, based on reason, from Jews and Christians the idea of deliverance through a messiah and the culmination of history in the millennium. The Greek conception placed utopia in an ideal space, the Christian conception in an ideal time. The modern utopia, dating from Thomas More's Utopia (1516), drew upon both these traditions but added something distinctive of its own. Following More, the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  46.  21
    Marketers' Norms and Personal Values: An Empirical Study of Marketing Professionals. [REVIEW]Kumar C. Rallapalli, Scott J. Vitell & Sheryl Szeinbach - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 24 (1):65 - 75.
    This study explores the relationships among marketers' deontological norms and their personal values. Based on the review of theoretical works in the area of marketing, hypotheses concerning the relationships among marketers' norms and their personal values were developed and tested. Data were collected from 249 marketing professionals. Results from canonical correlation analysis generally indicate that marketers' norms can be partly explained by personal values. Marketers' pricing and distribution norms, information and contract norms, and norms pertaining to marketers' honesty and integrity (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  47.  13
    Influence of Family Structure on Child Health: Evidence From India.Abhishek Kumar & Faujdar Ram - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 45 (5):577-599.
    SummaryThis paper examines the association between family structure and child health in India using the third round of the National Family Health Survey, conducted during 2005–06. Two important child health indicators – underweight and full immunization – are used as dependent variables. Descriptive and multivariate statistics are deployed to establish the relationship between family structure and child health. The results of the descriptive statistics show that children who belong to a non-nuclear family have better nutritional status and higher immunization coverage (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  48.  48
    Information, Meaning, and Error in Biology.Lucy A. K. Kumar - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (1):1-11.
    Whether “information” exists in biology, and in what sense, has been a topic of much recent discussion. I explore Shannon, Dretskean, and teleosemantic theories, and analyze whether or not they are able to give a successful naturalistic account of information—specifically accounts of meaning and error—in biological systems. I argue that the Shannon and Dretskean theories are unable to account for either, but that the teleosemantic theory is able to account for meaning. However, I argue that it is unable to account (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49.  56
    Guidelines for Value Based Management in Kautilya's Arthashastra.N. Siva Kumar & U. S. Rao - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):415 - 423.
    The paper develops value based management guidelines from the famous Indian treatise on management, Kautilya's Arthashastra. Guidelines are given for individual components of a total framework in detail, which include guidelines for organizational philosophy, value based leadership, internal corporate culture, accomplishment of corporate purpose and feedback from stakeholders.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  50.  92
    Biomedical Informatics and Granularity.Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2004 - Comparative and Functional Genomics 5 (6-7):501-508.
    An explicit formal-ontological representation of entities existing at multiple levels of granularity is an urgent requirement for biomedical information processing. We discuss some fundamental principles which can form a basis for such a representation. We also comment on some of the implicit treatments of granularity in currently available ontologies and terminologies (GO, FMA, SNOMED CT).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000