Results for 'Viktor Burr'

526 found
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  1.  23
    A History of DelosKonig Hieron der Zweite von SyrakusA History of Greek Public FinanceA History of Greek Public Finance. Vol. IAlexander's Gate, Gog and Magog and the Inclosed NationsThe Mediterranean in the Ancient WorldNostrum Mare: Ursprung Und Geschichte der Namen des Mittelmeeres Und Seiner Teilmeere Im Altertum.R. D. B., W. A. Laidlaw, A. Shenk, Graf von Stauffenberg, A. M. Andreades, C. N. Brown, Andrew Runni Anderson, J. Holland Rose & Viktor Burr - 1933 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 53:322.
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  2. Philosophy and Contemporary Issues Edited by John R. Burr and Milton Goldinger. --.John Roy Burr & Milton Goldinger - 1972 - Macmillan.
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  3.  7
    The Mediterranean in the Ancient World. By J. Holland Rose. Pp. 184 + 1; Frontispiece. Cambridge University Press, 1933. 8s. 6d. - Nostrum Mare: Ursprung Und Geschichte der Namen des Mittelmeeres Und Seiner Teilmeere Im Altertum. By Viktor Burr. Pp. 141. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1932. 6m. [REVIEW]D. B. R. - 1933 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 53 (2):323-323.
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  4.  10
    Functional Interpretation of Aczel's Constructive Set Theory.Wolfgang Burr - 2000 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 104 (1-3):31-73.
    In the present paper we give a functional interpretation of Aczel's constructive set theories CZF − and CZF in systems T ∈ and T ∈ + of constructive set functionals of finite types. This interpretation is obtained by a translation × , a refinement of the ∧ -translation introduced by Diller and Nahm 49–66) which again is an extension of Gödel's Dialectica translation. The interpretation theorem gives characterizations of the definable set functions of CZF − and CZF in terms of (...)
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  5.  32
    Concepts and Aims of Functional Interpretations: Towards a Functional Interpretation of Constructive Set Theory.Wolfgang Burr - 2002 - Synthese 133 (1-2):257 - 274.
    The aim of this article is to give an introduction to functional interpretations of set theory given by the authorin Burr (2000a). The first part starts with some general remarks on Gödel's functional interpretation with a focus on aspects related to problems that arise in the context of set theory. The second part gives an insight in the techniques needed to perform a functional interpretation of systems of set theory. However, the first part of this article is not intended (...)
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  6. The Debate on the Ethics of AI in Health Care: A Reconstruction and Critical Review.Jessica Morley, Caio C. V. Machado, Christopher Burr, Josh Cowls, Indra Joshi, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    Healthcare systems across the globe are struggling with increasing costs and worsening outcomes. This presents those responsible for overseeing healthcare with a challenge. Increasingly, policymakers, politicians, clinical entrepreneurs and computer and data scientists argue that a key part of the solution will be ‘Artificial Intelligence’ (AI) – particularly Machine Learning (ML). This argument stems not from the belief that all healthcare needs will soon be taken care of by “robot doctors.” Instead, it is an argument that rests on the classic (...)
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  7. Digital Psychiatry: Ethical Risks and Opportunities for Public Health and Well-Being.Christopher Burr, Jessica Morley, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    Common mental health disorders are rising globally, creating a strain on public healthcare systems. This has led to a renewed interest in the role that digital technologies may have for improving mental health outcomes. One result of this interest is the development and use of artificial intelligence for assessing, diagnosing, and treating mental health issues, which we refer to as ‘digital psychiatry’. This article focuses on the increasing use of digital psychiatry outside of clinical settings, in the following sectors: education, (...)
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  8. The Ethics of Digital Well-Being: A Thematic Review.Christopher Burr, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    This article presents the first thematic review of the literature on the ethical issues concerning digital well-being. The term ‘digital well-being’ is used to refer to the impact of digital technologies on what it means to live a life that is good for a human being, and review the existing literature on the ethics of digital well-being, with the goal of mapping the current debate and identifying open questions for future research. The review identifies key issues related to four key (...)
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  9. Empowerment or Engagement? Digital Health Technologies for Mental Healthcare.Christopher Burr & Jessica Morley - manuscript
    We argue that while digital health technologies (e.g. artificial intelligence, smartphones, and virtual reality) present significant opportunities for improving the delivery of healthcare, key concepts that are used to evaluate and understand their impact can obscure significant ethical issues related to patient engagement and experience. Specifically, we focus on the concept of empowerment and ask whether it is adequate for addressing some significant ethical concerns that relate to digital health technologies for mental healthcare. We frame these concerns using five key (...)
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  10. Can Machines Read Our Minds?Christopher Burr & Nello Cristianini - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (3):461-494.
    We explore the question of whether machines can infer information about our psychological traits or mental states by observing samples of our behaviour gathered from our online activities. Ongoing technical advances across a range of research communities indicate that machines are now able to access this information, but the extent to which this is possible and the consequent implications have not been well explored. We begin by highlighting the urgency of asking this question, and then explore its conceptual underpinnings, in (...)
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  11. When the World Becomes 'Too Real': A Bayesian Explanation of Autistic Perception.Elizabeth Pellicano & David Burr - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (10):504-510.
  12.  32
    An Analysis of the Interaction Between Intelligent Software Agents and Human Users.Christopher Burr, Nello Cristianini & James Ladyman - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):735-774.
    Interactions between an intelligent software agent and a human user are ubiquitous in everyday situations such as access to information, entertainment, and purchases. In such interactions, the ISA mediates the user’s access to the content, or controls some other aspect of the user experience, and is not designed to be neutral about outcomes of user choices. Like human users, ISAs are driven by goals, make autonomous decisions, and can learn from experience. Using ideas from bounded rationality, we frame these interactions (...)
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  13.  22
    What Connectionist Models Learn: Learning and Representation in Connectionist Networks.Stephen José Hanson & David J. Burr - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):471-489.
  14.  27
    The Body as Laboratory: Prediction-Error Minimization, Embodiment, and Representation.Christopher Burr & Max Jones - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (4):586-600.
    In his paper, Jakob Hohwy outlines a theory of the brain as an organ for prediction-error minimization, which he claims has the potential to profoundly alter our understanding of mind and cognition. One manner in which our understanding of the mind is altered, according to PEM, stems from the neurocentric conception of the mind that falls out of the framework, which portrays the mind as “inferentially-secluded” from its environment. This in turn leads Hohwy to reject certain theses of embodied cognition. (...)
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  15.  27
    Linear Mapping of Numbers Onto Space Requires Attention.Giovanni Anobile, Guido Marco Cicchini & David C. Burr - 2012 - Cognition 122 (3):454-459.
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  16.  35
    What Connectionist Models Learn.Susan Hanson & D. Burr - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
  17.  64
    Saccades Compress Space, Time and Number.David C. Burr, John Ross, Paola Binda & M. Concetta Morrone - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (12):528-533.
  18.  14
    Embodied Decisions and the Predictive Brain.Christopher Burr - 2017 - Philosophy and Predictive Processing.
    A cognitivist account of decision-making views choice behaviour as a serial process of deliberation and commitment, which is separate from perception and action. By contrast, recent work in embodied decision-making has argued that this account is incompatible with emerging neurophysiological data. We argue that this account has significant overlap with an embodied account of predictive processing, and that both can offer mutual development for the other. However, more importantly, by demonstrating this close connection we uncover an alternative perspective on the (...)
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  19.  52
    Thinking Ethically About Genetic Inheritance: Liberal Rights, Communitarianism and the Right to Privacy for Parents of Donor Insemination Children.J. Burr & P. Reynolds - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):281-284.
    The issue of genetic inheritance, and particularly the contradictory rights of donors, recipients and donor offspring as to the disclosure of donor identities, is ethically complicated. Donors, donor offspring and parents of donor offspring may appeal to individual rights for confidentiality or disclosure within legal systems based on liberal rights discourse. This paper explores the ethical issues of non-disclosure of genetic inheritance by contrasting two principle models used to articulate the problem—liberal and communitarian ethical models. It argues that whilst the (...)
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  20. The Concept of Consciousness.Alexander Hartley Burr - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (5):118-124.
  21.  19
    Fragments of Heyting Arithmetic.Wolfgang Burr - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (3):1223-1240.
    We define classes $\Phi_n$ of formulae of first-order arithmetic with the following properties: Every $\varphi \in \Phi_n$ is classically equivalent to a $\Pi_n$-formula $. $\bigcup_{n\in \omega} \Phi_n = \mathscr L_A$. $I\Pi_n$ and $i\Phi_n$ prove the same $\Pi_2$-formulae. We further generalize a result by Visser and Wehmeier, namely that prenex induction within intuitionistic arithmetic is rather weak: After closing $\Phi_n$ both under existential and universal quantification the corresponding theories i$\Theta_n$ still prove the same $\Pi_2$-formulae. In a second part we consider i$\Delta_0$ (...)
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  22. Footnote on Cua on Practical Causation.Ronald Burr - 1975 - Philosophy East and West 25 (1):11-12.
  23.  10
    A Diller-Nahm-Style Functional Interpretation of $\Hbox{\Sf KP} \Omega$.Wolfgang Burr - 2000 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 39 (8):599-604.
    The Dialectica-style functional interpretation of Kripke-Platek set theory with infinity ( $\hbox{\sf KP} \omega$ ) given in [1] uses a choice functional (which is not a definable set function of ( $hbox{\sf KP} \omega$ ). By means of a Diller-Nahm-style interpretation (cf. [4]) it is possible to eliminate the choice functional and give an interpretation by set functionals primitive recursive in $x\mapsto\omega$ . This yields the following characterization: The class of $\Sigma$ -definable set functions of $\hbox{\sf KP} \omega$ coincides with (...)
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  24.  10
    Adaptation to Number Operates on Perceived Rather Than Physical Numerosity.M. Fornaciai, G. M. Cicchini & D. C. Burr - 2016 - Cognition 151:63-67.
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  25.  8
    The Wrong Paradigm? Social Research and the Predicates of Ethical Scrutiny.J. Burr & P. Reynolds - 2010 - Research Ethics 6 (4):128-133.
  26.  24
    Number, Texture and Crowding.John Ross & David Burr - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (4):196-197.
  27. Finite Transcendence: Existential Exile and the Myth of Home.Steven A. Burr - 2014 - Lexington Books.
    Finite Transcendence: Existential Exile and the Myth of Home introduces and situates “existential exile” as an experience of the fundamental finitude of human existence and demonstrates how a particular way of responding in faith may enable one to find home in exile. Using the literary and philosophical oeuvre of Albert Camus as a model, this book demonstrates the manner in which mythic literature can both present and engage the condition of exile toward its possible transcendence.
     
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  28.  9
    A Characterization of the $\Sigma_1$ -Definable Functions of $KP\Omega + $.Wolfgang Burr & Volker Hartung - 1998 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (3):199-214.
    The subject of this paper is a characterization of the $\Sigma_1$ -definable set functions of Kripke-Platek set theory with infinity and a uniform version of axiom of choice: $KP\omega+(uniform\;AC)$ . This class of functions is shown to coincide with the collection of set functionals of type 1 primitive recursive in a given choice functional and $x\mapsto\omega$ . This goal is achieved by a Gödel Dialectica-style functional interpretation of $KP\omega+(uniform\;AC)$ and a computability proof for the involved functionals.
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  29.  13
    Vision and Audition Do Not Share Attentional Resources in Sustained Tasks.Roberto Arrighi, Roy Lunardi & David Burr - 2011 - Frontiers in Psychology 2.
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  30.  6
    A Diller-Nahm-Style Functional Interpretation of [Mathematical Formula].Wolfgang Burr - 2000 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 8.
  31.  6
    Lifespan Aging and Belief Reasoning: Influences of Executive Function and Social Cue Decoding.Louise H. Phillips, Rebecca Bull, Roy Allen, Pauline Insch, Kirsty Burr & Will Ogg - 2011 - Cognition 120 (2):236-247.
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  32.  57
    The Knowing Visual Self.John Ross & David Burr - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (10):363-364.
  33.  8
    The Complexity of Morality: Being a ‘Good Child’ in Vietnam?Rachel Burr - 2014 - Journal of Moral Education 43 (2):156-168.
    In this article I examine what it means to be a good child in Vietnam. Throughout the country ancestral worship is widely practiced. This traditionally places emphasis on the need for a boy child to continue the practice of worship into the next generation. Because of this, while the high value placed on the boy child has been tempered by the influence of communist rule and modernity, the eldest boy still often holds preferential status. Under such circumstances the good child (...)
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  34.  22
    Response to Brock: Noise and Autism.Elizabeth Pellicano & David Burr - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (12):574-575.
  35.  5
    Effects of Extradimensional Training on Stimulus Generalization.David R. Thomas, Frederick Freeman, John G. Svinicki, D. E. Scott Burr & Joseph Lyons - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p2):1.
  36. A Characterization of the Σ 1 -Definable Functions of KPω +.Wolfgang Burr & Volker Hartung - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (4):532-533.
  37.  3
    Dislocations and Cracks in Zink.B. J. Burr & N. Thompson - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (82):1773-1778.
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  38.  27
    Scotus and Transubstantiation.David Burr - 1972 - Mediaeval Studies 34 (1):336-360.
  39.  6
    Temporal Coding of Visual Space.Michele Rucci, Ehud Ahissar & David Burr - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (10):883-895.
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  40.  24
    Unifying the Mind: Cognitive Representations as Graphical Models. [REVIEW]Christopher Burr - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (5):789-791.
    Book review of Danks (2014) Unifying the Mind: Cognitive Representations as Graphical Models.
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  41.  21
    Disegni dei tempi: Il "Liber figurarum" e la teologia figurativa di Gioacchino da Fiore. Marco Rainini.David Burr - 2007 - Speculum 82 (4):1027-1028.
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  42.  3
    Serial Effects Are Optimal.Guido Marco Cicchini & David C. Burr - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  43.  4
    Twinning and Fracture in Zinc Single Crystals.D. J. Burr & N. Thompson - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (116):229-244.
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  44.  15
    Apocalypse in Rome: Cola Di Rienzo and the Politics of the New Age. Ronald G. Musto.David Burr - 2005 - Speculum 80 (1):286-288.
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  45.  15
    Peter of John Olivi on the Bible: Principia Quinque in Sacram Scripturam; Postilla in Isaiam Et in I Ad Corinthios.Peter of John Olivi David Flood O. F. M. Gedeon Gál. [REVIEW]David Burr - 1999 - Speculum 74 (1):228-230.
  46.  39
    Functional Realism and History.John Burr - 1966 - World Futures 4 (3):89-91.
  47.  10
    Evidence for a Number Sense.David C. Burr - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  48.  14
    A History of Franciscan Education Bert Roest.David Burr - 2002 - Speculum 77 (2):628-629.
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  49.  21
    Tolerance, Intolerance, and Prejudice.Samuel Engle Burr - 1952 - Educational Theory 2 (2):116-120.
  50.  13
    Il tempo dell'Apocalisse: Vita di Gioacchino da Fiore. Gian Luca Potestà.David Burr - 2005 - Speculum 80 (4):1353-1354.
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