Results for 'Vincent Br��mmer'

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  1.  2
    The Model of Love: A Study in Philosophical Theology.Vincent Brümmer - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Religious believers understand the meaning of their lives and of the world in terms of the way these are related to God. How, Vincent BrU;mmer asks, does the model of love apply to this relationship? He shows that most views on love take it to be an attitude rather than a relationship: exclusive attention (Ortega y Gasset), ecstatic union (nuptial mysticism), passionate suffering (courtly love), need-love (Plato, Augustine) and gift-love (Nygren). In discussing the issues, BrU;mmer inquires what role these (...)
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  2. Der Philosoph Martin Honecker (1888-1941): Persönlichkeit Und Geistiges Profil (Universität Freiburg I. Br. 1924-1941).Remigius Bäumer, Vincent Berning & Raimund Honecker (eds.) - 2004 - Gustav-Siewerth Akademie.
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  3.  2
    Speaking of a Personal God: An Essay in Philosophical Theology.Vincent Brümmer - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    This short work shows how systematic theology is itself a philosophical enterprise. After analyzing the nature of philosophical enquiry and its relation to systematic theology, and after explaining how theology requires that we talk about God, Vincent BrU;mmer illustrates how philosophical analysis can help in dealing with various conceptual problems involved in the fundamental Christian claim that God is a personal being with whom we may live in a personal relationship.
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  4. Translating Scientific Evidence Into the Language of the ‘Folk’: Executive Function as Capacity-Responsibility.Katrina L. Sifferd - 2013 - In Nicole A. Vincent (ed.), Legal Responsibility and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
    There are legitimate worries about gaps between scientific evidence of brain states and function (for example, as evidenced by fMRI data) and legal criteria for determining criminal culpability. In this paper I argue that behavioral evidence of capacity, motive and intent appears easier for judges and juries to use for purposes of determining criminal liability because such evidence triggers the application of commonsense psychological (CSP) concepts that guide and structure criminal responsibility. In contrast, scientific evidence of neurological processes and function (...)
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  5.  26
    Action and Agency in the Criminal Law: Vincent Chiao.Vincent Chiao - 2009 - Legal Theory 15 (1):1-23.
    This paper offers a critical reconsideration of the traditional doctrine that responsibility for a crime requires a voluntary act. I defend three general propositions: first, that orthodox Anglo-American criminal theory fails to explain adequately why criminal responsibility requires an act. Second, when it comes to the just definition of crimes, the act requirement is at best a rough generalization rather than a substantive limiting principle. Third, that the intuition underlying the so-called “act requirement” is better explained by what I call (...)
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  6.  24
    How to Talk About Religion: Vincent P. Pecora.Vincent P. Pecora - 2012 - Modern Intellectual History 9 (3):713-720.
    It is now a problem more or less universally acknowledged that religion, even in an ostensibly secular age, must be in need of good commentary. The underlying problem is: what would constitute good commentary at this point? It is not as if religion has just appeared on the horizon of the secular intellectual. Even if we restrict our purview to nonreligious, nontheological discourse, there is a long tradition of critical appraisals and histories of religious phenomena, dating from the ancient Greeks. (...)
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  7.  57
    Corporate Motives for Social Initiative: Legitimacy, Sustainability, or the Bottom Line? [REVIEW]Peggy Simcic Brønn & Deborah Vidaver-Cohen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):91 - 109.
    This article presents results of exploratory research conducted with managers from over 500 Norwegian companies to examine corporate motives for engaging in social initiatives. Three key questions were addressed. First, what do managers in this sample see as the primary reasons their companies engage in activities that benefit society? Second, do motives for such social initiative vary across the industries represented? Third, can further empirical support be provided for the theoretical classifications of social initiative motives outlined in the literature? Previous (...)
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  8.  13
    Father Vincent McNabb, OP.Vincent McNabb - 1996 - The Chesterton Review 22 (1/2):21-23.
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  9. Interview With Vincent Descombes.Vincent Descombes - 2012 - Praxis 3 (2):1-16.
    Vincent Descombes is a French philosopher. He has taught at the University of Montréal, Johns Hopkins University, and Emory University. Presently, he is director of studies at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, and regular visiting professor at the University of Chicago in the Department of Romance. Descombes’s main areas of research are in the philosophy of mind, philosophy of language and philosophy of literature. The following interview covers various aspects of his research in the philosophy (...)
     
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  10.  8
    Justifying the evidential use of linguistic intuitions.Karen Brøcker - forthcoming - Synthese:1-23.
    Linguistic intuitive judgements are the de facto data source of choice within generative linguistics. But why we are justified in relying on intuitive judgements as evidence for grammars? In the philosophy of linguistics, this question has been hotly debated. I argue that the three most prominent views of that debate all have their problems. Devitt’s Modest Explanation accounts for the wrong kind of intuitive judgements. The Voice of Competence view and Rey’s account both lack independent evidence. I introduce and defend (...)
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  11. Future Progress in Artificial Intelligence: A Survey of Expert Opinion.Vincent C. Müller & Nick Bostrom - 2016 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 553-571.
    There is, in some quarters, concern about high–level machine intelligence and superintelligent AI coming up in a few decades, bringing with it significant risks for humanity. In other quarters, these issues are ignored or considered science fiction. We wanted to clarify what the distribution of opinions actually is, what probability the best experts currently assign to high–level machine intelligence coming up within a particular time–frame, which risks they see with that development, and how fast they see these developing. We thus (...)
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  12.  9
    Bernadette Bensaude‐Vincent. Les vertiges de la technoscience: Façonner le monde atome par atome. 228 pp., bibl. Paris: Éditions La Découverte, 2009. €17.00. [REVIEW]Vincent K. Bontems - 2010 - Isis 101 (2):458-459.
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  13. Ethics of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics.Vincent C. Müller - 2020 - In Edward Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Palo Alto, Cal.: CSLI, Stanford University. pp. 1-70.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are digital technologies that will have significant impact on the development of humanity in the near future. They have raised fundamental questions about what we should do with these systems, what the systems themselves should do, what risks they involve, and how we can control these. - After the Introduction to the field (§1), the main themes (§2) of this article are: Ethical issues that arise with AI systems as objects, i.e., tools made and used (...)
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  14.  57
    Mainstream and Formal Epistemology.Vincent F. Hendricks - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Mainstream and Formal Epistemology provides the first, easily accessible, yet erudite and original analysis of the meeting point between mainstream and formal theories of knowledge. These two strands of thinking have traditionally proceeded in isolation from one another, but in this book, Vincent F. Hendricks brings them together for a systematic comparative treatment. He demonstrates how mainstream and formal epistemology may significantly benefit from one another, paving the way for a new unifying program of 'plethoric' epistemology. His book will (...)
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  15.  2
    The Effects of Hormonal Contraceptives on the Brain: A Systematic Review of Neuroimaging Studies.Marita Kallesten Brønnick, Inger Økland, Christian Graugaard & Kolbjørn Kallesten Brønnick - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  16.  6
    Reality Lost: Markets of Attention, Misinformation and Manipulation.Vincent F. Hendricks & Mads Vestergaard - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This open access book looks at how a democracy can devolve into a post-factual state. The media is being flooded by populist narratives, fake news, conspiracy theories and make-believe. Misinformation is turning into a challenge for all of us, whether politicians, journalists, or citizens. In the age of information, attention is a prime asset and may be converted into money, power, and influence – sometimes at the cost of facts. The point is to obtain exposure on the air and in (...)
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  17.  16
    Simondon and Quantum Mechanics.Vincent Bontems & Christian De Ronde - 2019 - Philosophy Today 63 (3):611-624.
    In this paper, we propose a Simondonian interpretation of quantum mechanics taking as a standpoint his “preindividual hypothesis” in order to consider the problem of contextuality. We will examine whether the epistemological obstacle produced by the notion of entity can be bypassed by specifying, according to Simondon and the Kochen-Specker Theorem, the mode of existence of quantum potentialities.
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  18.  52
    Ask Not What Philosophy Can Do for Chemistry, but What Chemistry Can Do for Philosophy: Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent and Jonathan Simon: Chemistry: The Impure Science. Imperial College Press, London, 2008, Xii + 268 Pp, UK£37.00 HB.Hasok Chang, Alfred Nordmann, Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent & Jonathan Simon - 2010 - Metascience 19 (3):373-383.
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  19.  53
    Modern French Philosophy.Vincent Descombes - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a critical introduction to modern French philosophy, commissioned from one of the liveliest contemporary practitioners and intended for an English-speaking readership. The dominant 'Anglo-Saxon' reaction to philosophical development in France has for some decades been one of suspicion, occasionally tempered by curiosity but more often hardening into dismissive rejection. But there are signs now of a more sympathetic interest and an increasing readiness to admit and explore shared concerns, even if these are still expressed in a very different (...)
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  20. The Moral Point of View: A Rational Basis of Ethics.Vincent Tomas - 1958 - Philosophical Review 69 (4):548-553.
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  21. The Struggle to Constitute and Sustain Productive Orders: Vincent Ostrom's Quest to Understand Human Affairs.Stephan Kuhnert, Brian Loveman, Anas Malik, Michael D. McGinnis, Tun Myint, Vincent Ostrom, Filippo Sabetti & Jamie Thomson (eds.) - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    This book identifies the criteria for successful constitutions in both theory and practice using the research and methodology of Vincent Ostrom.
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  22.  29
    Toward a Pragmatic Conception of Practical Identity.Vincent Colapietro - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (2):173-205.
    The author of this paper explores a central strand in the complex relationship between Peirce and Kant. He argues, against Kant, that the practical identity of the self-critical agent who undertakes a Critic of reason needs to be conceived in substantive, not purely formal, terms. Thus, insofar as there is a reflexive turn in Peirce, it is quite far from the transcendental turn taken by Immanuel Kant. The identity of the being devoted to redefining the bounds of reason is not (...)
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  23.  9
    Object Perception, Perceptual Recognition, and That-Perception Introduction: Vincent Hope.Vincent Hope - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (4):515-528.
    The philosophy of perception currently considers how perception relates to action. Some distinctions may help, distinguishing object perception from perceptual recognition, and both from that-perception. Examples are seeing a man, recognising a man, and seeing that there is a man. Perceiving an object controls self-location by its recognising an object, which depends on memory of how it looks, controls looking for it and interacting with it, or not, and that-perceiving controls saying that an object exists. Perception controls action. Milner and (...)
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  24.  10
    Charles Sanders Peirce 1839–1914: Vincent G. Potter, SJ.Vincent G. Potter - 1985 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 19:21-41.
    I am honoured and pleased to address you this evening on the life and work of an extraordinary American thinker, Charles Sanders Peirce. Although Peirce is perhaps most often remembered as the father of the philosophical movement known as pragmatism, I would like to impress upon you that he was also, and perhaps, especially, a logician, a working scientist and a mathematician. During his life time Peirce most often referred to himself, and was referred to by his colleagues, as a (...)
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  25.  52
    Imaginative Horizons: An Essay in Literary-Philosophical Anthropology.Vincent Crapanzano - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    How do people make sense of their experiences? How do they understand possibility? How do they limit possibility? These questions are central to all the human sciences. Here, Vincent Crapanzano offers a powerfully creative new way to think about human experience: the notion of imaginative horizons. For Crapanzano, imaginative horizons are the blurry boundaries that separate the here and now from what lies beyond, in time and space. These horizons, he argues, deeply influence both how we experience our lives (...)
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  26. Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller (ed.) - 2016 - Springer.
    [Müller, Vincent C. (ed.), (2016), Fundamental issues of artificial intelligence (Synthese Library, 377; Berlin: Springer). 570 pp.] -- This volume offers a look at the fundamental issues of present and future AI, especially from cognitive science, computer science, neuroscience and philosophy. This work examines the conditions for artificial intelligence, how these relate to the conditions for intelligence in humans and other natural agents, as well as ethical and societal problems that artificial intelligence raises or will raise. The key issues (...)
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  27. Autonomous Killer Robots Are Probably Good News.Vincent C. Müller - 2016 - In Ezio Di Nucci & Filippo Santonio de Sio (eds.), Drones and responsibility: Legal, philosophical and socio-technical perspectives on the use of remotely controlled weapons. London: Ashgate. pp. 67-81.
    Will future lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS), or ‘killer robots’, be a threat to humanity? The European Parliament has called for a moratorium or ban of LAWS; the ‘Contracting Parties to the Geneva Convention at the United Nations’ are presently discussing such a ban, which is supported by the great majority of writers and campaigners on the issue. However, the main arguments in favour of a ban are unsound. LAWS do not support extrajudicial killings, they do not take responsibility away (...)
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  28.  10
    The Names in Harry Potter.Katrine Brøndsted & Cay Dollerup - 2004 - Perspectives 12 (1):56-72.
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  29.  53
    Reconnecting with Nature in the Age of Technology: The Heidegger and Radical Environmentalism Debate Revisited.Vincent Blok - 2014 - Environmental Philosophy 11 (2):307-332.
    The relation between Martin Heidegger and radical environmentalism has been subject of discussion for several years now. On the one hand, Heidegger is portrayed as a forerunner of the deep ecology movement, providing an alternative for the technological age we live in. On the other, commentators contend that the basic thrust of Heidegger’s thought cannot be found in such an ecological ethos. In this article, this debate is revisited in order to answer the question whether it is possible to conceive (...)
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  30.  48
    Introduction: The Phenomenological Method Today.Anthony Vincent Fernandez & Steven Crowell - 2021 - Continental Philosophy Review 54 (2):119-121.
  31.  24
    A Revealed Preference Analysis of Solutions to Simple Allocation Problems.Özgür Kıbrıs - 2012 - Theory and Decision 72 (4):509-523.
    We interpret solution rules on a class of simple allocation problems as data on the choices of a policy maker. We analyze conditions under which the policy maker’s choices are (i) rational (ii) transitive-rational, and (iii) representable; that is, they coincide with maximization of a (i) binary relation, (ii) transitive binary relation, and (iii) numerical function on the allocation space. Our main results are as follows: (i) a well-known property, contraction independence (a.k.a. IIA) is equivalent to rationality; (ii) every contraction (...)
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  32.  34
    Experimenting with Phenomenology.Shaun Gallagher & Jesper Brøsted Sørensen - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):119-134.
  33. New Developments in the Philosophy of AI.Vincent Müller - 2016 - In Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer.
    The philosophy of AI has seen some changes, in particular: 1) AI moves away from cognitive science, and 2) the long term risks of AI now appear to be a worthy concern. In this context, the classical central concerns – such as the relation of cognition and computation, embodiment, intelligence & rationality, and information – will regain urgency.
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  34.  2
    Dynamic Term-Modal Logics for First-Order Epistemic Planning.Andrés Occhipinti Liberman, Andreas Achen & Rasmus Kræmmer Rendsvig - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence 286:103305.
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  35. Toward a Pragmatic Conception of Practical Identity.Vincent Colapietro - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (2):173-205.
    : The author of this paper explores a central strand in the complex relationship between Peirce and Kant. He argues, against Kant (especially as reconstructed by Christine Korsgaard), that the practical identity of the self-critical agent who undertakes a Critic of reason (as Peirce insisted upon translating this expression) needs to be conceived in substantive, not purely formal, terms. Thus, insofar as there is a reflexive turn in Peirce, it is quite far from the transcendental turn taken by Immanuel Kant. (...)
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  36. Addressing Higher-Order Misrepresentation with Quotational Thought.Vincent Picciuto - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (3-4):109-136.
    In this paper it is argued that existing ‘self-representational’ theories of phenomenal consciousness do not adequately address the problem of higher-order misrepresentation. Drawing a page from the phenomenal concepts literature, a novel self-representational account is introduced that does. This is the quotational theory of phenomenal consciousness, according to which the higher-order component of a conscious state is constituted by the quotational component of a quotational phenomenal concept. According to the quotational theory of consciousness, phenomenal concepts help to account for the (...)
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  37. What is Morphological Computation? On How the Body Contributes to Cognition and Control.Vincent C. Müller & Matej Hoffmann - 2017 - Artificial Life 23 (1):1-24.
    The contribution of the body to cognition and control in natural and artificial agents is increasingly described as “off-loading computation from the brain to the body”, where the body is said to perform “morphological computation”. Our investigation of four characteristic cases of morphological computation in animals and robots shows that the ‘off-loading’ perspective is misleading. Actually, the contribution of body morphology to cognition and control is rarely computational, in any useful sense of the word. We thus distinguish (1) morphology that (...)
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  38.  20
    Gut Health in the Era of the Human Gut Microbiota: From Metaphor to Biovalue.Vincent Baty, Bruno Mougin, Catherine Dekeuwer & Gérard Carret - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (4):579-597.
    The human intestinal ecosystem, previously called the gut microflora is now known as the Human Gut Microbiota. Microbiome research has emphasized the potential role of this ecosystem in human homeostasis, offering unexpected opportunities in therapeutics, far beyond digestive diseases. It has also highlighted ethical, social and commercial concerns related to the gut microbiota. As diet factors are accepted to be the major regulator of the gut microbiota, the modulation of its composition, either by antibiotics or by food intake, should be (...)
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  39.  22
    Peirce's Approach to the Self: A Semiotic Perspective on Human Subjectivity.Vincent M. Colapietro - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    Based on a careful study of his unpublished manuscripts as well as his published work, this book explores Peirce's general theory of signs and the way in which Peirce himself used this theory to understand subjectivity.
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  40.  78
    Gender, Health, Labor, and Inequities: A Review of the Fair and Alternative Trade Literature. [REVIEW]Vincent Terstappen, Lori Hanson & Darrell McLaughlin - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (1):21-39.
    Although research into fair and alternative trade networks has increased significantly in recent years, very little synthesis of the literature has occurred thus far, especially for social considerations such as gender, health, labor, and equity. We draw on insights from critical theorists to reflect on the current state of fair and alternative trade, draw out contradictions from within the existing research, and suggest actions to help the emancipatory potential of the movement. Using a systematic scoping review methodology, this paper reviews (...)
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  41.  42
    The Structure of Multiplicatives.Vincent Danos & Laurent Regnier - 1989 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 28 (3):181-203.
    Investigating Girard's new propositionnal calculus which aims at a large scale study of computation, we stumble quickly on that question: What is a multiplicative connective? We give here a detailed answer together with our motivations and expectations.
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  42.  44
    Edmund Vincent Cowdry and the Making of Gerontology as a Multidisciplinary Scientific Field in the United States.Hyung Wook Park - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):529 - 572.
    The Canadian-American biologist Edmund Vincent Cowdry played an important role in the birth and development of the science of aging, gerontology. In particular, he contributed to the growth of gerontology as a multidisciplinary scientific field in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s. With the support of the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, he organized the first scientific conference on aging at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, where scientists from various fields gathered to discuss aging as a scientific research topic. He (...)
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  43. Future Progress in Artificial Intelligence: A Poll Among Experts.Vincent C. Müller & Nick Bostrom - 2014 - AI Matters 1 (1):9-11.
    [This is the short version of: Müller, Vincent C. and Bostrom, Nick (forthcoming 2016), ‘Future progress in artificial intelligence: A survey of expert opinion’, in Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence (Synthese Library 377; Berlin: Springer).] - - - In some quarters, there is intense concern about high–level machine intelligence and superintelligent AI coming up in a few dec- ades, bringing with it significant risks for human- ity; in other quarters, these issues are ignored or (...)
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  44.  25
    The Individual In Hegelian Thought.Andrew Vincent - 1982 - Idealistic Studies 12 (2):156-168.
    This paper is concerned with the conception of the individual in Hegelian thought. The discussion will focus on some of the textual uses that Hegel and some Hegelians make of the term individual. The ultimate aim of the paper, however, is to focus on the concrete individual and to argue that there are two fundamentally important yet distinct uses to which Hegel and some Hegelians put the term. These two uses are not compatible, dialectically or otherwise. The plan of this (...)
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  45. Risks of Artificial General Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller (ed.) - 2014 - Taylor & Francis (JETAI).
    Special Issue “Risks of artificial general intelligence”, Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 26/3 (2014), ed. Vincent C. Müller. http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/teta20/26/3# - Risks of general artificial intelligence, Vincent C. Müller, pages 297-301 - Autonomous technology and the greater human good - Steve Omohundro - pages 303-315 - - - The errors, insights and lessons of famous AI predictions – and what they mean for the future - Stuart Armstrong, Kaj Sotala & Seán S. Ó hÉigeartaigh - pages 317-342 (...)
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  46.  76
    After Kohlberg: Virtue Ethics and the Recovery of the Moral Self.Vincent A. Punzo - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (1):7 – 23.
    A resurgence of interest in virtue ethics has engendered new insight into the fundamental link between selfhood and morality. In contradistinction to the currently ascendant justice-reasoning research paradigm, it appears that a virtue ethics approach to moral psychology provides a theoretical framework which is amenable to the empirical investigation of the nature and formation of the moral self. Six primary features of virtue ethics are delineated with a unifying emphasis throughout on the inextricable link between virtue and moral selfhood. Questions (...)
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  47. C. S. Peirce's Rhetorical Turn.Vincent Colapietro - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (1):16-52.
    : While the work of such expositors as Max H. Fisch, James J. Liszka, Lucia Santaella, Anne Friedman, and Mats Bergman has helped bring into sharp focus why Peirce took the third branch of semiotic (speculative rhetoric) to be "the highest and most living branch of logic," more needs to be done to show the extent to which the least developed branch of his theory of signs is, at once, its potentially most fruitful and important. The author of this paper (...)
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  48.  44
    Chemistry in the French Tradition of Philosophy of Science: Duhem, Meyerson, Metzger and Bachelard.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):627-649.
    At first glance twentieth-century philosophy of science seems virtually to ignore chemistry. However this paper argues that a focus on chemistry helped shape the French philosophical reflections about the aims and foundations of scientific methods. Despite patent philosophical disagreements between Duhem, Meyerson, Metzger and Bachelard it is possible to identify the continuity of a tradition that is rooted in their common interest for chemistry. Two distinctive features of the French tradition originated in the attention to what was going on in (...)
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  49.  16
    Socratic Method and Critical Philosophy.Vincent Tomas - 1950 - Philosophical Review 59 (3):400.
  50. New Waves in Epistemology.Vincent Hendricks (ed.) - 2008 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book provides a valuable look at the work of up and coming epistemologists. The topics covered range from the central issues of mainstream epistemology to the more formal issues in epistemic logic and confirmation theory. This book should be read by anyone interested in seeing where epistemology is currently focused and where it is heading. - Stewart Cohen , Arizona State University..
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