Results for 'Vincent Menuz'

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  1. Is Human Enhancement Also a Personal Matter?Vincent Menuz, Thierry Hurlimann & Béatrice Godard - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):161-177.
    Emerging technologies are increasingly used in an attempt to “enhance the human body and/or mind” beyond the contemporary standards that characterize human beings. Yet, such standards are deeply controversial and it is not an easy task to determine whether the application of a given technology to an individual and its outcome can be defined as a human enhancement or not. Despite much debate on its potential or actual ethical and social impacts, human enhancement is not subject to any consensual definition. (...)
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  2.  25
    Action and Agency in the Criminal Law: Vincent Chiao.Vincent Chiao - 2009 - Legal Theory 15 (1):1-23.
    This paper offers a critical reconsideration of the traditional doctrine that responsibility for a crime requires a voluntary act. I defend three general propositions: first, that orthodox Anglo-American criminal theory fails to explain adequately why criminal responsibility requires an act. Second, when it comes to the just definition of crimes, the act requirement is at best a rough generalization rather than a substantive limiting principle. Third, that the intuition underlying the so-called “act requirement” is better explained by what I call (...)
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  3. Future-Human. Life.V. Menuz, J. Roduit, D. Roiz, A. Erler & N. Stepanovan (eds.) - 2017 - neohumanitas. org.
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  4. The Struggle to Constitute and Sustain Productive Orders: Vincent Ostrom's Quest to Understand Human Affairs.Stephan Kuhnert, Brian Loveman, Anas Malik, Michael D. McGinnis, Tun Myint, Vincent Ostrom, Filippo Sabetti & Jamie Thomson - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    This book identifies the criteria for successful constitutions in both theory and practice using the research and methodology of Vincent Ostrom.
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  5.  50
    Ask Not What Philosophy Can Do for Chemistry, but What Chemistry Can Do for Philosophy: Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent and Jonathan Simon: Chemistry: The Impure Science. Imperial College Press, London, 2008, Xii + 268 Pp, UK£37.00 HB.Hasok Chang, Alfred Nordmann, Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent & Jonathan Simon - 2010 - Metascience 19 (3):373-383.
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  6. Interview With Vincent Descombes.Vincent Descombes - 2012 - Praxis 3 (2):1-16.
    Vincent Descombes is a French philosopher. He has taught at the University of Montréal, Johns Hopkins University, and Emory University. Presently, he is director of studies at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, and regular visiting professor at the University of Chicago in the Department of Romance. Descombes’s main areas of research are in the philosophy of mind, philosophy of language and philosophy of literature. The following interview covers various aspects of his research in the philosophy (...)
     
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  7.  12
    Father Vincent McNabb, OP.Vincent McNabb - 1996 - The Chesterton Review 22 (1/2):21-23.
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  8.  8
    Bernadette Bensaude‐Vincent. Les vertiges de la technoscience: Façonner le monde atome par atome. 228 pp., bibl. Paris: Éditions La Découverte, 2009. €17.00. [REVIEW]Vincent K. Bontems - 2010 - Isis 101 (2):458-459.
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  9.  7
    Object Perception, Perceptual Recognition, and That-Perception Introduction: Vincent Hope.Vincent Hope - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (4):515-528.
    The philosophy of perception currently considers how perception relates to action. Some distinctions may help, distinguishing object perception from perceptual recognition, and both from that-perception. Examples are seeing a man, recognising a man, and seeing that there is a man. Perceiving an object controls self-location by its recognising an object, which depends on memory of how it looks, controls looking for it and interacting with it, or not, and that-perceiving controls saying that an object exists. Perception controls action. Milner and (...)
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  10.  22
    How to Talk About Religion: Vincent P. Pecora.Vincent P. Pecora - 2012 - Modern Intellectual History 9 (3):713-720.
    It is now a problem more or less universally acknowledged that religion, even in an ostensibly secular age, must be in need of good commentary. The underlying problem is: what would constitute good commentary at this point? It is not as if religion has just appeared on the horizon of the secular intellectual. Even if we restrict our purview to nonreligious, nontheological discourse, there is a long tradition of critical appraisals and histories of religious phenomena, dating from the ancient Greeks. (...)
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  11.  10
    Charles Sanders Peirce 1839–1914: Vincent G. Potter, SJ.Vincent G. Potter - 1985 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 19:21-41.
    I am honoured and pleased to address you this evening on the life and work of an extraordinary American thinker, Charles Sanders Peirce. Although Peirce is perhaps most often remembered as the father of the philosophical movement known as pragmatism, I would like to impress upon you that he was also, and perhaps, especially, a logician, a working scientist and a mathematician. During his life time Peirce most often referred to himself, and was referred to by his colleagues, as a (...)
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  12.  67
    The Nature of Political Theory.Andrew Vincent - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    In his controversial new book, Andrew Vincent offers a comprehensive, synoptic, and comparative analysis of the major conceptions of political theory throughout the twentieth century. The book challenges established views of contemporary political theory and provides critical perspectives on the future of the subject. It will be an indispensable resource for all scholars and students of the discipline.
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  13. Essays in the Philosophy of Science. Edited with an Introd. By Vincent Tomas.Charles S. Peirce & Vincent Tomas - 1957 - Liberal Arts Press.
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  14. On the Relevance of Neuroscience to Criminal Responsibility.Nicole A. Vincent - 2010 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (1):77-98.
    Various authors debate the question of whether neuroscience is relevant to criminal responsibility. However, a plethora of different techniques and technologies, each with their own abilities and drawbacks, lurks beneath the label “neuroscience”; and in criminal law responsibility is not a single, unitary and generic concept, but it is rather a syndrome of at least six different concepts. Consequently, there are at least six different responsibility questions that the criminal law asks—at least one for each responsibility concept—and, I will suggest, (...)
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  15.  34
    Cancer: A de‐Repression of a Default Survival Program Common to All Cells?Mark Vincent - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (1):72-82.
  16. Enhancing Responsibility.Nicole Vincent - 2013 - In N. Vincent (ed.), Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility. Oxford University Press. pp. 305-333.
  17.  50
    Restoring Responsibility: Promoting Justice, Therapy and Reform Through Direct Brain Interventions.Nicole A. Vincent - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):21-42.
    Direct brain intervention based mental capacity restoration techniques-for instance, psycho-active drugs-are sometimes used in criminal cases to promote the aims of justice. For instance, they might be used to restore a person's competence to stand trial in order to assess the degree of their responsibility for what they did, or to restore their competence for punishment so that we can hold them responsible for it. Some also suggest that such interventions might be used for therapy or reform in criminal legal (...)
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  18. Responsibility: Distinguishing Virtue From Capacity.Nicole A. Vincent - 2009 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):111-26.
    Garrath Williams claims that truly responsible people must possess a “capacity … to respond [appropriately] to normative demands” (2008:462). However, there are people whom we would normally praise for their responsibility despite the fact that they do not yet possess such a capacity (e.g. consistently well-behaved young children), and others who have such capacity but who are still patently irresponsible (e.g. some badly-behaved adults). Thus, I argue that to qualify for the accolade “a responsible person” one need not possess such (...)
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  19.  94
    Neuroimaging and Responsibility Assessments.Nicole A. Vincent - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (1):35-49.
    Could neuroimaging evidence help us to assess the degree of a person’s responsibility for a crime which we know that they committed? This essay defends an affirmative answer to this question. A range of standard objections to this high-tech approach to assessing people’s responsibility is considered and then set aside, but I also bring to light and then reject a novel objection—an objection which is only encountered when functional (rather than structural) neuroimaging is used to assess people’s responsibility.
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  20.  25
    Gentile, Education and Mind.A. Vincent - 2014 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 20 (1-2):105-136.
    This essay explains and criticizes Gentile's attempts to connect his metaphysical theories with his ideas about education, and especially the relationship between education and nationalism. It begins with a critical examination of the distinguishing features of the view Gentile specifies in Theory of Mind as Pure Act. Vincent then considers Gentile's account of how this theory, for which mind is an act of perpetual self-creation, leads to a conception of education with an explicitly nationalist bent. His attempts to connect (...)
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  21. What Do You Mean I Should Take Responsibility for My Own Ill Health?Nicole A. Vincent - 2009 - Journal of Applied Ethics and Philosophy 1 (1):39-51.
    Luck egalitarians think that considerations of responsibility can excuse departures from strict equality. However critics argue that allowing responsibility to play this role has objectionably harsh consequences. Luck egalitarians usually respond either by explaining why that harshness is not excessive, or by identifying allegedly legitimate exclusions from the default responsibility-tracking rule to tone down that harshness. And in response, critics respectively deny that this harshness is not excessive, or they argue that those exclusions would be ineffective or lacking in justification. (...)
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  22.  6
    When Leaders Stifle Innovation in Work Teams: The Role of Abusive Supervision.Vincent Rousseau & Caroline Aubé - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (3):651-664.
    A growing body of research reveals that abusive supervision may have negative impacts in organizations. The purpose of the present study is to expand the knowledge regarding the impacts of this dysfunctional leadership behavior by examining its relationship with innovation in work teams. Specifically, we investigate the process through which abusive supervision may undermine team innovation by taking into account the mediating role of team proactive behavior. Moreover, we propose a boundary condition of the negative effect of abusive supervision by (...)
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  23. Normative Practices of Other Animals.Sarah Vincent, Rebecca Ring & Kristin Andrews - 2018 - In Aaron Zimmerman, Karen Jones & Mark Timmons (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Moral Epistemology. New York: pp. 57-83.
    Traditionally, discussions of moral participation – and in particular moral agency – have focused on fully formed human actors. There has been some interest in the development of morality in humans, as well as interest in cultural differences when it comes to moral practices, commitments, and actions. However, until relatively recently, there has been little focus on the possibility that nonhuman animals have any role to play in morality, save being the objects of moral concern. Moreover, when nonhuman cases are (...)
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  24.  51
    Mainstream and Formal Epistemology.Vincent F. Hendricks - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Mainstream and Formal Epistemology provides the first, easily accessible, yet erudite and original analysis of the meeting point between mainstream and formal theories of knowledge. These two strands of thinking have traditionally proceeded in isolation from one another, but in this book, Vincent F. Hendricks brings them together for a systematic comparative treatment. He demonstrates how mainstream and formal epistemology may significantly benefit from one another, paving the way for a new unifying program of 'plethoric' epistemology. His book will (...)
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  25.  77
    Gender, Health, Labor, and Inequities: A Review of the Fair and Alternative Trade Literature. [REVIEW]Vincent Terstappen, Lori Hanson & Darrell McLaughlin - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (1):21-39.
    Although research into fair and alternative trade networks has increased significantly in recent years, very little synthesis of the literature has occurred thus far, especially for social considerations such as gender, health, labor, and equity. We draw on insights from critical theorists to reflect on the current state of fair and alternative trade, draw out contradictions from within the existing research, and suggest actions to help the emancipatory potential of the movement. Using a systematic scoping review methodology, this paper reviews (...)
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  26.  80
    Responsibility, Dysfunction and Capacity.Nicole A. Vincent - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (3):199-204.
    The way in which we characterize the structural and functional differences between psychopath and normal brains – either as biological disorders or as mere biological differences – can influence our judgments about psychopaths’ responsibility for criminal misconduct. However, Marga Reimer (Neuroethics 1(2):14, 2008) points out that whether our characterization of these differences should be allowed to affect our judgments in this manner “is a difficult and important question that really needs to be addressed before policies regarding responsibility... can be implemented (...)
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  27.  43
    Edmund Vincent Cowdry and the Making of Gerontology as a Multidisciplinary Scientific Field in the United States.Hyung Wook Park - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):529 - 572.
    The Canadian-American biologist Edmund Vincent Cowdry played an important role in the birth and development of the science of aging, gerontology. In particular, he contributed to the growth of gerontology as a multidisciplinary scientific field in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s. With the support of the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, he organized the first scientific conference on aging at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, where scientists from various fields gathered to discuss aging as a scientific research topic. He (...)
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  28.  49
    The Latent Structure of Dictionaries.Philippe Vincent-Lamarre, Alexandre Blondin Massé, Marcos Lopes, Mélanie Lord, Odile Marcotte & Stevan Harnad - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (3):625-659.
    How many words—and which ones—are sufficient to define all other words? When dictionaries are analyzed as directed graphs with links from defining words to defined words, they reveal a latent structure. Recursively removing all words that are reachable by definition but that do not define any further words reduces the dictionary to a Kernel of about 10% of its size. This is still not the smallest number of words that can define all the rest. About 75% of the Kernel turns (...)
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  29.  25
    Moral Responsibility: Beyond Free Will and Determinism.Nicole Vincent, Ibo van de Poel & Jeroen van den Hoven (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
    This book'¬"s chapters deal with a range of theoretical problems discussed in classic compatibilist literature '¬ ; e.g. the relationship between ...
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  30.  14
    Resistance to Cancer Chemotherapy as an Atavism?Mark Vincent - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (11):1065-1065.
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  31.  13
    Ethical Perspectives on Synthetic Biology.Bernadette Bensaude Vincent - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (4):368-375.
    Synthetic biologists are extremely concerned with responsible research and innovation. This paper critically assesses their culture of responsibility. Their notion of responsibility has been so far focused on the identification of risks, and in their prudential attitude synthetic biologists consider that the major risks can be prevented with technological solutions. Therefore they are globally opposed to public interference or political regulations and tend to self-regulate by bringing a few social scientists or ethicists on board. This article emphasizes that ethics lies (...)
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  32.  39
    Blame, Desert and Compatibilist Capacity: A Diachronic Account of Moderateness in Regards to Reasons-Responsiveness.Nicole A. Vincent - 2013 - Philosophical Explorations 16 (2):1-17.
    This paper argues that John Fischer and Mark Ravizza's compatibilist theory of moral responsibility cannot justify reactive attitudes like blame and desert-based practices like retributive punishment. The problem with their account, I argue, is that their analysis of moderateness in regards to reasons-responsiveness has the wrong normative features. However, I propose an alternative account of what it means for a mechanism to be moderately reasons-responsive which addresses this deficiency. In a nut shell, while Fischer and Ravizza test for moderate reasons-responsiveness (...)
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  33. Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility.A. N. Vincent (ed.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press,.
  34. Patriotism and Human Rights: An Argument for Unpatriotic Patriotism.Andrew Vincent - 2009 - Journal of Ethics 13 (4):347-364.
    This paper centres on the question as to whether human rights can be reconciled with patriotism. It lays out the more conventional arguments which perceive them as incommensurable concepts. A central aspect of this incommensurability relates to the close historical tie between patriotism and the state. One further dimension of this argument is then articulated, namely, the contention that patriotism is an explicitly political concept. The implicit antagonism between, on the one hand, the state, politics and patriotism, and, on the (...)
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  35.  49
    Imaginative Horizons: An Essay in Literary-Philosophical Anthropology.Vincent Crapanzano - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    How do people make sense of their experiences? How do they understand possibility? How do they limit possibility? These questions are central to all the human sciences. Here, Vincent Crapanzano offers a powerfully creative new way to think about human experience: the notion of imaginative horizons. For Crapanzano, imaginative horizons are the blurry boundaries that separate the here and now from what lies beyond, in time and space. These horizons, he argues, deeply influence both how we experience our lives (...)
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  36.  10
    Metaphors in Nanomedicine: The Case of Targeted Drug Delivery.Bernadette Bensaude Vincent & Sacha Loeve - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (1):1-17.
    The promises of nanotechnology have been framed by a variety of metaphors, that not only channel the attention of the public, orient the questions asked by researchers, and convey epistemic choices closely linked to ethical preferences. In particular, the image of the ‘therapeutic missile’ commonly used to present targeted drug delivery devices emphasizes precision, control, surveillance and efficiency. Such values are highly praised in the current context of crisis of pharmaceutical innovation where military metaphors foster a general mobilization of resources (...)
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  37.  27
    Toward a Pragmatic Conception of Practical Identity.Vincent Colapietro - 2006 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (2):173-205.
    The author of this paper explores a central strand in the complex relationship between Peirce and Kant. He argues, against Kant, that the practical identity of the self-critical agent who undertakes a Critic of reason needs to be conceived in substantive, not purely formal, terms. Thus, insofar as there is a reflexive turn in Peirce, it is quite far from the transcendental turn taken by Immanuel Kant. The identity of the being devoted to redefining the bounds of reason is not (...)
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  38.  63
    Legal Responsibility Adjudication and the Normative Authority of the Mind Sciences.Nicole A. Vincent - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (3):315-331.
    In the field of ?neurolaw?, reformists claim that recent scientific discoveries from the mind sciences have serious ramifications for how legal responsibility should be adjudicated, but conservatives deny that this is so. In contrast, I criticise both of these polar opposite positions by arguing that although scientific findings can have often-weighty normative significance, they lack the normative authority with which reformists often imbue them. After explaining why conservatives and reformists are both wrong, I then offer my own moderate suggestions about (...)
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  39.  17
    Daxue : The Great Learning for Universities Today.Vincent Shen - 2018 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 17 (1):13-27.
    The so-called daxue zhi dao 大學之道, though a Confucian way of self-cultivation, can inspire contemporary universities through a process of creative interpretation. Having examined the ethos of modern university in its four historical stages, I come up with its last stage of reaching out in the era of globalization and dialogue among civilizations, in which we have to rethink the idea of university from the fuller development of human reason. This can be achieved only through increasingly reaching out toward many (...)
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  40.  52
    Modern French Philosophy.Vincent Descombes - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a critical introduction to modern French philosophy, commissioned from one of the liveliest contemporary practitioners and intended for an English-speaking readership. The dominant 'Anglo-Saxon' reaction to philosophical development in France has for some decades been one of suspicion, occasionally tempered by curiosity but more often hardening into dismissive rejection. But there are signs now of a more sympathetic interest and an increasing readiness to admit and explore shared concerns, even if these are still expressed in a very different (...)
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  41. Responsibility, Compensation and Accident Law Reform.Nicole A. Vincent - 2007 - Dissertation, University of Adelaide
    This thesis considers two allegations which conservatives often level at no-fault systems — namely, that responsibility is abnegated under no-fault systems, and that no-fault systems under- and over-compensate. I argue that although each of these allegations can be satisfactorily met – the responsibility allegation rests on the mistaken assumption that to properly take responsibility for our actions we must accept liability for those losses for which we are causally responsible; and the compensation allegation rests on the mistaken assumption that tort (...)
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  42.  15
    When Talking Makes You Feel Like a Group: The Emergence of Group-Based Emotions.Vincent Yzerbyt, Toon Kuppens & Bernard Mathieu - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (1):33-50.
  43.  30
    Magnetic Stimulation Studies of Visual Cognition.Vincent Walsh & Alan Cowey - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):103-110.
  44.  12
    Family Presence During Resuscitation: Extending Ethical Norms From Paediatrics to Adults.Christine Vincent & Zohar Lederman - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):676-678.
    Many families of patients hold the view that it is their right to be present during a loved one's resuscitation, while the majority of patients also express the comfort and support they would feel by having them there. Currently, family presence is more commonly accepted in paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation than adult CPR. Even though many guidelines are in favour of this practice and recognise potential benefits, healthcare professionals are hesitant to support adult family presence to the extent that paediatric family (...)
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  45. The Politics of Human Rights.Andrew Vincent - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The Politics of Human Rights provides an engaging and systematic introductory overview of the nature and development of human rights.
     
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  46.  7
    Current Controversies and Irresolvable Disagreement: The Case of Vincent Lambert and the Role of ‘Dissensus’.Dominic Wilkinson & Julian Savulescu - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):631-635.
    Controversial cases in medical ethics are, by their very nature, divisive. There are disagreements that revolve around questions of fact or of value. Ethical debate may help in resolving those disagreements. However, sometimes in such cases, there are opposing reasonable views arising from deep-seated differences in ethical values. It is unclear that agreement and consensus will ever be possible. In this paper, we discuss the recent controversial case of Vincent Lambert, a French man, diagnosed with a vegetative state, for (...)
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  47. Modular Architectures and Informational Encapsulation: A Dilemma.Dustin Stokes & Vincent Bergeron - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (3):315-38.
    Amongst philosophers and cognitive scientists, modularity remains a popular choice for an architecture of the human mind, primarily because of the supposed explanatory value of this approach. Modular architectures can vary both with respect to the strength of the notion of modularity and the scope of the modularity of mind. We propose a dilemma for modular architectures, no matter how these architectures vary along these two dimensions. First, if a modular architecture commits to the informational encapsulation of modules, as it (...)
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  48.  14
    Ni Droite Ni Gauche: L'Ideologie Fasciste En France.K. Steven Vincent & Zeev Sternhell - 1986 - Substance 15 (1):86.
  49.  56
    A Compatibilist Theory of Legal Responsibility.Nicole A. Vincent - 2015 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 9 (3):477-498.
    Philosophical compatibilism reconciles moral responsibility with determinism, and some neurolaw scholars think that it can also reconcile legal views about responsibility with scientific findings about the neurophysiological basis of human action. Although I too am a compatibilist, this paper argues that philosophical compatibilism cannot be transplanted “as-is” from philosophy into law. Rather, before compatibilism can be re-deployed, it must first be modified to take account of differences between legal and moral responsibility, and between a scientific and a deterministic world view, (...)
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  50.  50
    How Does Concurrency Extend the Paradigm of Computation?Vincent Schächter - 1999 - The Monist 82 (1):37-57.
    Invariance of the class of algorithms expressible with respect to changes in computational formalism have provided extremely stable foundations for the Church-Turing thesis, according to which a number of—equivalent—computational mechanisms each fully capture the intuitive notion of algorithm. Thanks to the stability and elegance of the Church-Turing thesis, the notion of computation defined by these mechanisms is etched in stone as the theoretical essence of computation. In particular, this notion has been extensively used as an abstract tool to model natural (...)
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