Results for 'Vincent Wiegel'

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  1.  39
    On the Compatibility of Sustainability and Economic Growth.Vincent Wiegel - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (3):247-265.
    It is generally assumed that sustainable development and economic growth are compatible objectives. Because this assumption has been left unspecified, the debate on sustainability and growth has remained vague and confusing. Attempts at specification not only involve clarification of the interrelation of the two concepts, but also, we argue, require a philosophical approach in which the concepts of sustainability and economic growth are analyzed in the context of our frame of reference. We suggest that if the notion of sustainability is (...)
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  2.  17
    Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen: Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right From Wrong. [REVIEW]Vincent Wiegel - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (4):359-361.
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  3.  3
    Gentile, Education and Mind.A. Vincent - 2014 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 20 (1-2):105-136.
    This essay explains and criticizes Gentile's attempts to connect his metaphysical theories with his ideas about education, and especially the relationship between education and nationalism. It begins with a critical examination of the distinguishing features of the view Gentile specifies in Theory of Mind as Pure Act. Vincent then considers Gentile's account of how this theory, for which mind is an act of perpetual self-creation, leads to a conception of education with an explicitly nationalist bent. His attempts to connect (...)
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  4.  15
    The Nature of Political Theory.Andrew Vincent - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    In his controversial new book, Andrew Vincent offers a comprehensive, synoptic, and comparative analysis of the major conceptions of political theory throughout the twentieth century. The book challenges established views of contemporary political theory and provides critical perspectives on the future of the subject. It will be an indispensable resource for all scholars and students of the discipline.
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  5. On the Relevance of Neuroscience to Criminal Responsibility.Nicole A. Vincent - 2010 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (1):77-98.
  6. Responsibility: Distinguishing Virtue From Capacity.Nicole A. Vincent - 2009 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):111-26.
    Garrath Williams claims that truly responsible people must possess a “capacity … to respond [appropriately] to normative demands” (2008:462). However, there are people whom we would normally praise for their responsibility despite the fact that they do not yet possess such a capacity (e.g. consistently well-behaved young children), and others who have such capacity but who are still patently irresponsible (e.g. some badly-behaved adults). Thus, I argue that to qualify for the accolade “a responsible person” one need not possess such (...)
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  7. What Do You Mean I Should Take Responsibility for My Own Ill Health?Nicole A. Vincent - 2009 - Journal of Applied Ethics and Philosophy 1 (1):39-51.
    Luck egalitarians think that considerations of responsibility can excuse departures from strict equality. However critics argue that allowing responsibility to play this role has objectionably harsh consequences. Luck egalitarians usually respond either by explaining why that harshness is not excessive, or by identifying allegedly legitimate exclusions from the default responsibility-tracking rule to tone down that harshness. And in response, critics respectively deny that this harshness is not excessive, or they argue that those exclusions would be ineffective or lacking in justification. (...)
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  8.  60
    Neuroimaging and Responsibility Assessments.Nicole A. Vincent - 2009 - Neuroethics 4 (1):35-49.
    Could neuroimaging evidence help us to assess the degree of a person’s responsibility for a crime which we know that they committed? This essay defends an affirmative answer to this question. A range of standard objections to this high-tech approach to assessing people’s responsibility is considered and then set aside, but I also bring to light and then reject a novel objection—an objection which is only encountered when functional (rather than structural) neuroimaging is used to assess people’s responsibility.
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  9.  12
    Moral Responsibility: Beyond Free Will and Determinism.Nicole Vincent, Ibo van de Poel & Jeroen van den Hoven (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
    This book'¬"s chapters deal with a range of theoretical problems discussed in classic compatibilist literature '¬ ; e.g. the relationship between ...
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  10. Legal Responsibility and Neuroscience.Nicole A. Vincent (ed.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
  11. Equality, Responsibility and Talent Slavery.Nicole A. Vincent - 2006 - Imprints 9 (2):118-39.
    Egalitarians must address two questions: i. What should there be an equality of, which concerns the currency of the ‘equalisandum’; and ii. How should this thing be allocated to achieve the so-called equal distribution? A plausible initial composite answer to these two questions is that resources should be allocated in accordance with choice, because this way the resulting distribution of the said equalisandum will ‘track responsibility’ — responsibility will be tracked in the sense that only we will be responsible for (...)
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  12.  51
    Responsibility, Dysfunction and Capacity.Nicole A. Vincent - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (3):199-204.
    The way in which we characterize the structural and functional differences between psychopath and normal brains – either as biological disorders or as mere biological differences – can influence our judgments about psychopaths’ responsibility for criminal misconduct. However, Marga Reimer (Neuroethics 1(2):14, 2008) points out that whether our characterization of these differences should be allowed to affect our judgments in this manner “is a difficult and important question that really needs to be addressed before policies regarding responsibility... can be implemented (...)
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  13. Responsibility, Compensation and Accident Law Reform.Nicole A. Vincent - 2007 - Dissertation, University of Adelaide
    This thesis considers two allegations which conservatives often level at no-fault systems — namely, that responsibility is abnegated under no-fault systems, and that no-fault systems under- and over-compensate. I argue that although each of these allegations can be satisfactorily met – the responsibility allegation rests on the mistaken assumption that to properly take responsibility for our actions we must accept liability for those losses for which we are causally responsible; and the compensation allegation rests on the mistaken assumption that tort (...)
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  14. Book Review of "Torts, Egalitarianism and Distributive Justice" by Tsachi Keren-Paz. [REVIEW]Nicole A. Vincent - 2008 - Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 33:199-204.
    In "Torts, Egalitarianism and Distributive Justice" , Tsachi Keren-Paz presents impressingly detailed analysis that bolsters the case in favour of incremental tort law reform. However, although this book's greatest strength is the depth of analysis offered, at the same time supporters of radical law reform proposals may interpret the complexity of the solution that is offered as conclusive proof that tort law can only take adequate account of egalitarian aims at an unacceptably high cost.
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  15.  49
    “The Neuroscience of Responsibility”—Workshop Report.Nicole A. Vincent, Pim Haselager & Gert-Jan Lokhorst - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (2):175-178.
    This is a report on the 3-day workshop “The Neuroscience of Responsibility” that was held in the Philosophy Department at Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands during February 11th–13th, 2010. The workshop had 25 participants from The Netherlands, Germany, Italy, UK, USA, Canada and Australia, with expertise in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry and law. Its aim was to identify current trends in neurolaw research related specifically to the topic of responsibility, and to foster international collaborative research on this topic. (...)
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  16. Compensation for Mere Exposure to Risk.Nicole A. Vincent - 2005 - Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 29:89-101.
    It could be argued that tort law is failing, and arguably an example of this failure is the recent public liability and insurance (‘PL&I’) crisis. A number of solutions have been proposed, but ultimately the chosen solution should address whatever we take to be the cause of this failure. On one account, the PL&I crisis is a result of an unwarranted expansion of the scope of tort law. Proponents of this position sometimes argue that the duty of care owed by (...)
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  17.  51
    British Society of Aesthetics.P. Vincent & Pat Statham - 1967 - British Journal of Aesthetics 7 (3):307-307.
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  18. What is at Stake in Taking Responsibility? Lessons From Third-Party Property Insurance.Nicole A. Vincent - 2001 - [Journal (Paginated)] (in Press) 20 (1):75-94.
    Third-party property insurance (TPPI) protects insured drivers who accidentally damage an expensive car from the threat of financial ruin. Perhaps more importantly though, TPPI also protects the victims whose losses might otherwise go uncompensated. Ought responsible drivers therefore take out TPPI? This paper begins by enumerating some reasons for why a rational person might believe that they have a moral obligation to take out TPPI. It will be argued that if what is at stake in taking responsibility is the ability (...)
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  19.  30
    Hyperstructures, Genome Analysis and I-Cells.Patrick Amar, Pascal Ballet, Georgia Barlovatz-Meimon, Arndt Benecke, Gilles Bernot, Yves Bouligand, Paul Bourguine, Franck Delaplace, Jean-Marc Delosme, Maurice Demarty, Itzhak Fishov, Jean Fourmentin-Guilbert, Joe Fralick, Jean-Louis Giavitto, Bernard Gleyse, Christophe Godin, Roberto Incitti, François Képès, Catherine Lange, Lois Le Sceller, Corinne Loutellier, Olivier Michel, Franck Molina, Chantal Monnier, René Natowicz, Vic Norris, Nicole Orange, Helene Pollard, Derek Raine, Camille Ripoll, Josette Rouviere-Yaniv, Milton Saier, Paul Soler, Pierre Tambourin, Michel Thellier, Philippe Tracqui, Dave Ussery, Jean-Claude Vincent, Jean-Pierre Vannier, Philippa Wiggins & Abdallah Zemirline - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4):357-373.
    New concepts may prove necessary to profit from the avalanche of sequence data on the genome, transcriptome, proteome and interactome and to relate this information to cell physiology. Here, we focus on the concept of large activity-based structures, or hyperstructures, in which a variety of types of molecules are brought together to perform a function. We review the evidence for the existence of hyperstructures responsible for the initiation of DNA replication, the sequestration of newly replicated origins of replication, cell division (...)
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  20. Philosophy, Politics, and Citizenship: The Life and Thought of the British Idealists.Andrew Vincent - 1984 - Blackwell.
  21.  12
    Privacy, Deontic Epistemic Action Logic and Software Agents.V. Wiegel, M. J. Van den Hoven & G. J. C. Lokhorst - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4):251-264.
    In this paper we present an executable approach to model interactions between agents that involve sensitive, privacy-related information. The approach is formal and based on deontic, epistemic and action logic. It is conceptually related to the Belief-Desire-Intention model of Bratman. Our approach uses the concept of sphere as developed by Waltzer to capture the notion that information is provided mostly with restrictions regarding its application. We use software agent technology to create an executable approach. Our agents hold beliefs about the (...)
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  22.  40
    The British Society of Aesthetics.Vida Carver & P. Vincent - 1964 - British Journal of Aesthetics 4 (2):135-135.
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  23.  38
    Philip Pettit, The Common Mind: An Essay on Psychology, Society, and Politics, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1993, Pp. Xiv + 365.Andrew Vincent - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):319.
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  24.  12
    Reflexions Sur l'Usage, En Biologie, de la Theorie de L'Information.Louis-Marie Vincent - 1994 - Acta Biotheoretica 42 (2-3):167-179.
    For living beings, information is as fundamental as matter or energy. In this paper we show: a) inadequacies of quantitative theories of information, b) how a qualitative analysis leads to a classification of information systems and to a modelling of intercellular communication.From a quantitative point of view, the application in biology of information theories borrowed from communication techniques proved to be disappointing. These theories ignore deliberately the significance of messages, and do not give any definition of information. They refer to (...)
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  25.  31
    Legal Responsibility Adjudication and the Normative Authority of the Mind Sciences.Nicole A. Vincent - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (3):315-331.
    In the field of ?neurolaw?, reformists claim that recent scientific discoveries from the mind sciences have serious ramifications for how legal responsibility should be adjudicated, but conservatives deny that this is so. In contrast, I criticise both of these polar opposite positions by arguing that although scientific findings can have often-weighty normative significance, they lack the normative authority with which reformists often imbue them. After explaining why conservatives and reformists are both wrong, I then offer my own moderate suggestions about (...)
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  26.  41
    Nationalism and the Open Society.Andrew Vincent - 2005 - Theoria 44 (107):36-64.
    Nationalism has had a complex relation with the discipline of political theory during the 20th century. Political theory has often been deeply uneasy with nationalism in relation to its role in the events leading up to and during the Second World War. Many theorists saw nationalism as an overly narrow and potentially irrationalist doctrine. In essence it embodied a closed vision of the world. This article focuses on one key contributor to the immediate post-war debate—Karl Popper—who retained deep misgivings about (...)
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  27.  5
    Concerning an Alleged Contradiction.R. H. Vincent - 1963 - Philosophy of Science 30 (2):189-194.
  28.  12
    Divine Immanence and Transcendence.Andrew Vincent - 1993 - Idealistic Studies 23 (2/3):161-177.
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  29.  21
    Can Groups Be Persons?Andrew W. Vincent - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (4):687-715.
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  30.  18
    Nanotechnology and Society.Bernadette Bensaude Vincent - 2009 - Techne 13 (1):69-70.
  31.  19
    Logical Foundations of Probability. By Rudolf Carnap. Second Edition, 1962. The University of Chicago Press. Pp. Xxii and 613. $10.00. [REVIEW]R. H. Vincent - 1963 - Dialogue 2 (1):97-101.
  32.  8
    Mr. Bradley and God.Andrew Vincent - 2000 - Bradley Studies 6 (1):104-124.
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  33.  5
    The Challenge of Humanism.Sister Mary Vincent - 1934 - New Scholasticism 8 (2):161-163.
  34.  14
    Development and Self-Identity: Hegel's Concept of Education.A. W. Vincent & Michael George - 1982 - Educational Theory 32 (3-4):131-141.
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  35.  13
    Visual Humour (J.R.) Clarke Looking at Laughter. Humor, Power, and Transgression in Roman Visual Culture, 100 B.C.–A.D. 250. Pp. Xii + 322, Ills, Colour Pls. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2007. Cased, US$32.95. ISBN: 978-0-520-23733-. [REVIEW]Heather Vincent - 2009 - The Classical Review 59 (01):257-.
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  36.  12
    The Popper-Carnap Controversy. By Alex C. Michalos. The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 1971. Pp. X and 124. Guilders 22.50. [REVIEW]R. H. Vincent - 1973 - Dialogue 12 (2):365-370.
  37.  14
    Looking to the Internet for Models of Governance.Charles Vincent & Jean Camp - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (3):161-173.
    If code is law then standards bodies are governments. This flawed but powerful metaphor suggests the need to examine more closely those standards bodies that are defining standards for the Internet. In this paper we examine the International Telecommunications Union, the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standards Association, the Internet Engineering Task Force, and the World Wide Web Consortium. We compare the organizations on the basis of participation, transparency, authority, openness, security and interoperability. We conclude that the IETF and (...)
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  38.  5
    The Problem of the Unexamined Individual.R. H. Vincent - 1964 - Mind 73 (292):550-556.
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  39.  5
    Statistical and Inductive Probabilities. By Hugues Leblanc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall Inc., 1962. Pp. Xii, 148. Trade Edition $6.65; Text Edition $5.00. [REVIEW]R. H. Vincent - 1964 - Dialogue 2 (4):475-480.
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  40.  3
    On My Cognitive Sensibility.R. H. Vincent - 1963 - Philosophical Studies 14 (5):77 - 79.
  41.  3
    Corroboration and Probability.R. H. Vincent - 1963 - Dialogue 2 (2):194-205.
  42.  9
    The Pilgrimage of Life. By Samuel C. Chew. Yale University Press, 1961, Pp. Xxv, 524, 155 Prints, Notes and Index. $15.00. [REVIEW]C. J. Vincent - 1963 - Dialogue 2 (1):112-113.
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  43.  8
    Goodman and Relevant Conditions.R. H. Vincent - 1961 - Philosophical Studies 12 (1-2):28 - 29.
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  44.  7
    What is at Stake in Taking Responsibility?Nicole Vincent - 2001 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 20 (1):75-94.
  45.  9
    The Paradox of Ideal Evidence.R. H. Vincent - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (4):497-503.
  46.  7
    Improving Coordination of Legal-Based Efforts Across Jurisdictions and Sectors for Obesity Prevention and Control.Aviva Must, Gary Bennett, Christina Economos, Elizabeth Goodman, Joe Schilling, Lisa Quintiliani, Sara Rosenbaum, Jeff Vincent & Marice Ashe - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 37 (s1):90-98.
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  47.  2
    A Note on Some Quantitative Theories of Confirmation.R. H. Vincent - 1961 - Philosophical Studies 12 (6):91 - 92.
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  48.  6
    Selective Confirmation and the Ravens.R. H. Vincent - 1975 - Dialogue 14 (1):3-49.
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  49.  6
    Patriotism.A. Vincent - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):455-456.
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  50.  6
    Theory of Data Transferal.Louis-Marie Vincent - 1993 - Acta Biotheoretica 41 (1-2):139-145.
    A new approach to information is proposed with the intention of providing a conceptual tool adapted to biology, including a semantic value.Information involves a material support as well as a significance, adapted to the cognitive domain of the receiver and/or the transmitter. A message does not carry any information, only data. The receiver makes an identification by a procedure of recognition of the forms, which activate previously learned significance. This treatment leads to a new significance (or new knowledge).
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