Results for 'Vinod K. Puri'

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  1.  22
    Limiting the Role of the Family in Discontinuation of Life Sustaining Treatment.Vinod K. Puri & Leonard J. Weber - 1990 - Journal of Medical Humanities 11 (2):91-98.
    In matters of discontinuation of life-sustaining treatment, traditional role of the family to speak on behalf of the incompetent patient is questionable. We explore the reasons why physicians perceive patient autonomy to be transferrable to family members. Principle of patient autonomy may not suffice when futile treatment is demanded and may serve to erode the ethical integrity of medical profession. An enhanced role for bioethics committees is proposed when physicians propose to discontinue life-sustaining treatment against the wishes of the patient (...)
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  2.  36
    Comparison of Engagement with Ethics Between an Engineering and a Business Program.Steven M. Culver, Ishwar K. Puri, Richard E. Wokutch & Vinod Lohani - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):585-597.
    Increasing university students’ engagement with ethics is becoming a prominent call to action for higher education institutions, particularly professional schools like business and engineering. This paper provides an examination of student attitudes regarding ethics and their perceptions of ethics coverage in the curriculum at one institution. A particular focus is the comparison between results in the business college, which has incorporated ethics in the curriculum and has been involved in ethics education for a longer period, with the engineering college, which (...)
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  3.  12
    Distinct Influences of Affective and Cognitive Factors on Children’s Non-Verbal and Verbal Mathematical Abilities.Sarah S. Wu, Lang Chen, Christian Battista, Ashley K. Smith Watts, Erik G. Willcutt & Vinod Menon - 2017 - Cognition 166:118-129.
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  4.  7
    Tales From the Classroom: The See-Saw.Avinash K. Puri - 1993 - In S. French & H. Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 159--169.
  5. Book Review: Vinod Pavarala and Kanchan K. Malik, Other Voices: The Struggle for Community Radio in India. New Delhi, London, Los Angeles and Singapore: Sage Publications, 2007. 319 Pp. [REVIEW]John D. H. Downing - 2009 - Discourse and Communication 3 (2):225-227.
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  6.  1
    Faith and Reason: An Alternative Gandhian Understanding.Bindu Puri - 2020 - Journal of Dharma Studies 2 (2):199-219.
    Liberal theory and practice rests upon, and constantly re-affirms, a division between the secular/rational and the religious/faithful aspects of individual life. This paper will explore the philosophical implications of an alternative Gandhian understanding of the role of faith and reason in individual life. The paper will argue that M K Gandhi thought of moral life differently from both the religious traditionalist and the liberal. The distinctiveness of Gandhi’s vision came from the manner in which he could reconcile two very different (...)
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  7.  29
    Comparative Analysis of Machine Learning Techniques in Prognosis of Type II Diabetes.Abid Sarwar & Vinod Sharma - 2014 - AI and Society 29 (1):123-129.
  8. Atypical Flexibility in Dynamic Functional Connectivity Quantifies the Severity in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Vatika Harlalka, Raju S. Bapi, P. K. Vinod & Dipanjan Roy - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
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  9. Large-Scale Brain Networks and Psychopathology: A Unifying Triple Network Model.Vinod Menon - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (10):483-506.
  10. Anatomy of Deductive Reasoning.Vinod Goel - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (10):435-441.
    Much of cognitive research on deductive reasoning has been preoccupied with advocating for or against visuospatial or linguistic/syntactic models of logical reasoning. Neuroimaging studies bear on this issue by pointing to both language-based and visuospatial systems being engaged during logical reasoning, and by raising additional issues not anticipated by these cognitive theories. Here, the literature on the neural basis of deductive reasoning from the past decade is reviewed. Although these results might seem chaotic and inconsistent, we identify several interesting patterns (...)
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  11.  67
    Explaining Modulation of Reasoning by Belief.Vinod Goel & Raymond J. Dolan - 2003 - Cognition 87 (1):B11-B22.
    Although deductive reasoning is a closed system, one's beliefs about the world can influence validity judgements. To understand the associated functional neuroanatomy of this belief-bias we studied 14 volunteers using event-related fMRI, as they performed reasoning tasks under neutral, facilitatory and inhibitory belief conditions. We found evidence for the engagement of a left temporal lobe system during belief-based reasoning and a bilateral parietal lobe system during belief-neutral reasoning. Activation of right lateral prefrontal cortex was evident when subjects inhibited a prepotent (...)
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  12.  11
    Dissociation of Mechanisms Underlying Syllogistic Reasoning.Vinod Goel, Christian Buchel, Chris Frith & Raymond J. Dolan - 2000 - NeuroImage 12 (5):504-514.
    A key question for cognitive theories of reasoning is whether logical reasoning is inherently a sentential linguistic process or a process requiring spatial manipulation and search. We addressed this question in an event-related fMRI study of syllogistic reasoning, using sentences with and without semantic content. Our findings indicate involvement of two dissociable networks in deductive reasoning. During content-based reasoning a left hemisphere temporal system was recruited. By contrast, a formally identical reasoning task, which lacked semantic content, activated a parietal system. (...)
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  13.  12
    Functional Neuroanatomy of Three-Term Relational Reasoning.Vinod Goel & Raymond J. Dolan - 2001 - Neuropsychologia 39 (9):901-909.
    In a recent study we demonstrated that reasoning with categorical syllogisms engages two dissociable mechanisms. Reasoning involving concrete sentences engaged a left hemisphere linguistic system while formally identical arguments, involving abstract sentences, recruited a parietal spatial network. The involvement of a parietal visuo–spatial system in abstract syllogism reasoning raised the question whether argument forms involving explicit spatial relations are sufficient to engage the parietal system? We addressed this question in an event-related fMRI study of three-term relational reasoning, using sentences with (...)
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  14. Large-Scale Brain Networks in Cognition: Emerging Methods and Principles.Steven L. Bressler & Vinod Menon - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (6):277-290.
  15.  63
    Developmental Pathways to Functional Brain Networks: Emerging Principles.Vinod Menon - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (12):627-640.
  16.  53
    Notationality and the Information Processing Mind.Vinod Goel - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (2):129-166.
    Cognitive science uses the notion of computational information processing to explain cognitive information processing. Some philosophers have argued that anything can be described as doing computational information processing; if so, it is a vacuous notion for explanatory purposes.An attempt is made to explicate the notions of cognitive information processing and computational information processing and to specify the relationship between them. It is demonstrated that the resulting notion of computational information processing can only be realized in a restrictive class of dynamical (...)
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  17.  5
    Reciprocal Neural Response Within Lateral and Ventral Medial Prefrontal Cortex During Hot and Cold Reasoning.Vinod Goel & Raymond J. Dolan - 2003 - NeuroImage 20 (4):2314-2321.
    Logic is widely considered the basis of rationality. Logical choices, however, are often influenced by emotional responses, sometimes to our detriment, sometimes to our advantage. To understand the neural basis of emotionally neutral and emotionally salient reasoning we studied 19 volunteers using event-related fMRI, as they made logical judgments about arguments that varied in emotional saliency. Despite identical logical form and content categories across “hot” and “cold” reasoning conditions, lateral and ventral medial prefrontal cortex showed reciprocal response patterns as a (...)
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  18.  13
    Dissociating the Roles of Right Ventral Lateral and Dorsal Lateral Prefrontal Cortex in Generation and Maintenance of Hypotheses in Set-Shift Problems.Vinod Goel & Oshin Vartanian - 2005 - Cerebral Cortex 15 (8):1170-1177.
    Although patient data have traditionally implicated the left prefrontal cortex in hypothesis generation, recent lesion data implicate right PFC in hypothesis generation tasks that involve set shifts. To test the involvement of the right prefrontal cortex in a hypothesis generation task involving set shifts, we scanned 13 normal subjects with fMRI as they completed Match Problems and a baseline task. In Match Problems subjects determined the number of possible solutions for each trial. Successful solutions are indicative of set shifts. In (...)
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  19.  37
    Cognitive Neuroscience of Deductive Reasoning.Vinod Goel - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 475--492.
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  20.  9
    Neuroanatomical Correlates of Human Reasoning.Vinod Goel, Brian Gold, Shitij Kapur & Sylvain Houle - 1998 - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 10 (3):293-302.
    One of the important questions cognitive theories of reasoning must address is whether logical reasoning is inherently sentential or spatial. A sentential model would exploit nonspatial properties of representations whereas a spatial model would exploit spatial properties of representations. In general terms, the linguistic hypothesis predicts that the language processing regions underwrite human reasoning processes, and the spatial hypothesis suggests that the neural structures for perception and motor control contribute the basic representational building blocks used for high-level logical and linguistic (...)
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  21.  16
    Negative Emotions Can Attenuate the Influence of Beliefs on Logical Reasoning.Vinod Goel & Oshin Vartanian - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):121-131.
  22.  31
    The Structure of Design Problem Spaces.Vinod Goel & Peter Pirolli - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (3):395-429.
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  23.  8
    Role of the Right Prefrontal Cortex in Ill-Structured Planning.Vinod Goel & Jordan Grafman - 2000 - Cognitive Neuropsychology 17 (5):415-436.
    We tested an architect with a lesion to the right prefrontal cortex in a real-world architectural design/planning task that required him to develop a new design for our lab space and compared his performance to an age- and education-matched architect. The patient understood the task and even observed that “this is a very simple problem.” His sophisticated architectural knowledge base was still intact and he used it quite skilfully during the problem structuring phase. However, the patient's problem-solving behaviour differed from (...)
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  24.  13
    A Computational Model of Frontal Lobe Dysfunction: Working Memory and the Tower of Hanoi Task.Vinod Goela, David Pullara & Jordan Grafman - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (2):287-313.
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  25.  8
    Indeterminacy Tolerance as a Basis of Hemispheric Asymmetry Within Prefrontal Cortex.Vinod Goel - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  26.  8
    Reason and Less.Vinod Goel - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  27.  33
    The Self and the Other: Liberalism and Gandhi.Bindu Puri - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (4):673-698.
    This paper makes an attempt to philosophically re-construct what I have termed as a fundamental paradox at the heart of deontological liberalism. It is argued that liberalism attempts to create the possibilities of rational consensus and of bringing people together socially and politically by developing methodologies which overcome the divisive nature of essentially parochial substantive conceptions of the good. Such methodologies relying on the supposed universally valid dictates of reason and notions of procedural rationality proceed by disengaging men from the (...)
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  28.  54
    Kant and the Turn to Romanticism.Vinod Lakshmipathy - 2009 - Kritike 3 (2):90-102.
    It frequently happens in philosophy that a philosopher, in trying to resolve a long-standing dispute between two opposing schools of thought, comes up with a schema that not only resolves the targeted dispute, but in addition necessarily imposes a residual set of regulations and norms, to which it had to subscribe in its attempt to solve the dispute, given its own presuppositions and points of departure. This residual set of norms is then viewed by the subsequent generation of thinkers, who (...)
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  29.  4
    La estructura de los espacios del problema en el diseño.Vinod Goel & Peter Pirolli - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (3):395-429.
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  30.  25
    Creating Satisfied Employees Through Workplace Spirituality: A Study of the Private Insurance Sector in Punjab.Manu Gupta, Vinod Kumar & Mandeep Singh - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (1):79-88.
    Spirituality in the workplace is gaining recognition and value among researchers, academicians, and business professionals. The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of spirituality in the workplace on job satisfaction by measuring four dimensions of spirituality in the workplace: meaningful work, sense of community, organizational values, and compassion. The impact of each dimension on job satisfaction is hypothesized. A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 100 payroll employees in private insurance companies in Punjab. A correlation (...)
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  31.  5
    Updating Statistical Measures of Causal Strength.Hrishikesh Vinod - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (1):3-20.
    We address Northcott’s criticism of Pearson’s correlation coefficient ‘r’ in measuring causal strength by replacing Pearson’s linear regressions by nonparametric nonlinear kernel regressions. Although new proof shows that Suppes’ intuitive causality condition is neither necessary nor sufficient, we resurrect Suppes’ probabilistic causality theory by using nonlinear tools. We use asymmetric generalized partial correlation coefficients from Vinod [2014] as our third criterion in addition to two more criteria. We aggregate the three criteria into one unanimity index, UI in [-100; 100], (...)
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  32.  8
    Smolensky's Proper Treatment of Connectionism: Having It Both Ways.Vinod Goel - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):400-401.
  33.  71
    Left-Over Spaces: The Cinema of the Dardenne Brothers.Benoît Dillet & Tara Puri - 2013 - Film-Philosophy 17 (1):367-382.
    The object of this study is the presence and the operation of space in the films of the Dardenne brothers. In this paper, we will examine three films - Rosetta , The Child and The Silence of Lorna - and present the argument that they depict an original account of the contemporary European city as a totality (in this case an eastern Belgian steel town). The construction of the characters, their relationships, and the moral implications of their actions are usually (...)
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  34.  1
    Beyond Onto-Theology and Metaphysics: The Cases of Heidegger and Nietzsche.Vinod Acharya - 2020 - Nietzsche Studien Gesamtregister Bände 1-20 49 (1):329-345.
    Two recent works will be considered that discuss Heidegger and Nietzsche in the context of the problem of overcoming metaphysics and the onto-theological tradition. A common criticism will be that these works in their attempt to retrieve a conception of religion, politics or faith beyond onto-theology and metaphysics tend to justify or idealize particular historically and culturally conditioned perspectives, which are not immune from further philosophical critique. Simon Oliai’s approach to countering the burgeoning fundamentalisms in our global age is ultimately (...)
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  35. Sketches of Thought.Vinod Goel - 1995
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  36. Of People's Science Movement.Vinod Raina - 1993 - In Yash Pal, Ashok Jain & Subodh Mahanti (eds.), Science in Society: Some Perspectives. Gyan Pub. House in Collaboration with National Institute of Science, Technology, and Development Studies. pp. 122.
     
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  37. Influence of Family Socio-Emotional Wealth on Strategic Decision Making in Indian Family Firms.Vinod Thakur & Sabyasachi Sinha - 2020 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 13 (2):153.
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  38.  4
    Negotiating Values in Modern India: A Theoretical Exploration.Renu Vinod - 2016 - Journal of Human Values 22 (1):57-66.
    This article explores the influence of modernity in India, within the larger framework of state-led modernity and its impact on identity and locality. The discourse on modernity has retained the common thread of transience and reflexivity as two constitutive features, both of which are taken up to explain the uncertain and provisional influence of modernity on the Indian society and identity, and the radical engagement of social movements with modernity. The article studies the complex functioning of modernity in India by (...)
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  39.  9
    Differential Impact of Beliefs on Valence and Arousal.Antoinette Nicolle & Vinod Goel - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (2):263-272.
  40.  37
    Reconceptualizing Functional Brain Connectivity in Autism From a Developmental Perspective.Lucina Q. Uddin, Kaustubh Supekar & Vinod Menon - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  41.  2
    Bindu Puri: The Tagore–Gandhi Debate on Matters of Truth and Untruth: Springer, 2015, ISBN 978-81-322-2115-9, Pp. 181+XXXV, Price: EUR 83.29, USD 99.00; DOI 10.1007/978-81-322-2116-6. [REVIEW]Kumkum Bhattacharya - 2015 - Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research 32 (3):431-438.
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  42. Conceptualizing Gender-Sexuality-State-Nation: An Introduction.H. J. Kim-Puri - 2005 - Gender and Society 19 (2):137-159.
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  43.  26
    Spousal Agreement on Preferred Waiting Time to Next Birth in Sub-Saharan Africa.Tesfayi Gebreselassie & Vinod Mishra - 2011 - Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (4):385-400.
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  44.  11
    Smarter Than We Think When Our Brains Detect That We Are Biased.Wim De Neys, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2008 - Psychological Science 19 (5):483-489.
    Human reasoning is often biased by stereotypical intuitions. The nature of such bias is not clear. Some authors claim that people are mere heuristic thinkers and are not aware that cued stereotypes might be inappropriate. Other authors claim that people always detect the conflict between their stereotypical thinking and normative reasoning, but simply fail to inhibit stereotypical thinking. Hence, it is unclear whether heuristic bias should be attributed to a lack of conflict detection or a failure of inhibition. We introduce (...)
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  45.  6
    Buddhism in Central Asia.Jan Nattier & B. N. Puri - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (3):542.
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  46.  9
    Dissociable Neural Systems Underwrite Logical Reasoning in the Context of Induced Emotions with Positive and Negative Valence.Kathleen W. Smith, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  47.  41
    Nobility and Decadence: The Vulnerabilities of Nietzsche’s Strong Type.Vinod Acharya - 2012 - PhaenEx 7 (1):130-161.
    This paper argues that for Nietzsche it is only when the strong type decays on its own terms that it is possible for a weak type to come into dominance by inverting the values of the strong. It sets right a latent inconsistency in Deleuze’s work, Nietzsche and Philosophy , which traces back the origin of decadence to the subterranean struggle between reactive forces. I show that Deleuze’s reading runs contrary to his own contention that for Nietzsche the negative is (...)
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  48.  91
    Nietzsche and The Birth of Tragedy by Paul Raimond Daniels.Vinod Acharya - 2017 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 48 (2):294-300.
    Paul Raimond Daniels’s Nietzsche and The Birth of Tragedy is an engaging, instructive, and clearly written study of Nietzsche’s first book. It is a particularly fine achievement given the difficulties, in terms of both style and content, that Nietzsche’s text presents to the reader. Daniels’s aim is to present BT as an ideal introduction to Nietzsche’s philosophy, and, in light of its problematizing of the relation between art and truth, to argue that BT is crucial for evaluating the aims, successes, (...)
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  49.  48
    Science, Culture, and Philosophy: The Relation Between Human, All Too Human and Nietzsche's Early Thought.Vinod Acharya - 2015 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 7 (1):18-28.
    The goal of this article is to trace the transformations in Nietzsche's early thinking that led to the ideas published in Human, All Too Human, the first book of his mature philosophy. In contrast to his early works, in which he sides with art and philosophy in criticizing the scientific culture of his time, Nietzsche, in Human, All Too Human, hails the methodology of science as a way to overcome the metaphysical delusions of philosophy, art, and religion. However, in disagreement (...)
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  50. Presence: The Key to Mental Excellence.Vinod D. Deshmukh - 1990 - S.V. Deshmukh (3600 Rustic Lane, Jacksonville 32217).
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