Results for 'Violence History'

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  1. A History of Violence.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    n sixteenth-century Paris, a popular form of entertainment was cat-burning, in which a cat was hoisted in a sling on a stage and slowly lowered into a fire. According to historian Norman Davies, "[T]he spectators, including kings and According to historian Norman Davies, "[T]he spectators, including kings and queens, shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized." Today, such sadism would be unthinkable in most of the world. This change in sensibilities is just (...)
     
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  2.  11
    Violence, Teenage Pregnancy, and Life History.Lee T. Copping, Anne Campbell & Steven Muncer - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (2):137-157.
    Guided by principles of life history strategy development, this study tested the hypothesis that sexual precocity and violence are influenced by sensitivities to local environmental conditions. Two models of strategy development were compared: The first is based on indirect perception of ecological cues through family disruption and the second is based on both direct and indirect perception of ecological stressors. Results showed a moderate correlation between rates of violence and sexual precocity (r = 0.59). Although a model (...)
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  3.  54
    History and its Limits: Human, Animal, Violence.Dominick LaCapra - 2009 - Cornell University Press.
    Introduction For Freud, beyond the explanatory limits of the pleasure principle lay the repetition compulsion, the death drive, and trauma with its ...
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  4. History and the Dialectic of Violence: An Analysis of Sartre's Critique De La Raison Dialectique.Raymond Aron - 1975 - Blackwell.
  5.  27
    Language, Violence, and History.Hélène Merlin-Kajman & Roxanne Lapidus - 2003 - Substance 32 (1):35-38.
  6.  18
    A History of Violence.Shruti Kapila - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (2):437-457.
    This essay revises the common assumption that non-violence has been central to political modernity in India. The “extremist” nationalist B. G. Tilak, through a foundational philosophical reinterpretation of the Bhagavad Gita, created a modern theology of the Indian “political”. Tilak did so by directly confronting the question of the possibility of the “event” of war and the ethics of the conversion of kinsmen into enemies. Writing in the aftermath of the Swadeshi movement and from a prison cell in Rangoon, (...)
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  7.  16
    Potential History: Thinking Through Violence.Ariella Azoulay - 2013 - Critical Inquiry 39 (3):548-574.
  8. Violence: Six Sideways Reflections.Slavoj Žižek - 2008 - Picador.
    Book synopsis: Philosopher, cultural critic, and agent provocateur Slavoj Žižek constructs a fascinating new framework to look at the forces of violence in our world. Using history, philosophy, books, movies, Lacanian psychiatry, and jokes, Slavoj Žižek examines the ways we perceive and misperceive violence. Drawing from his unique cultural vision, Žižek brings new light to the Paris riots of 2005; he questions the permissiveness of violence in philanthropy; in daring terms, he reflects on the powerful image (...)
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  9.  49
    Machiavelli, Violence, and History.Adam Minter - 1992 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 2 (1):25-32.
  10.  21
    Altared Ground: Levinas, History, Violence.Brian Schroeder - 1996 - Routledge.
    One of the most pressing concerns for contemporary society is the issue of violence and the factors that promote it. In ____Altared Ground: Levinas, History and Violence__ Brian Schroeder stages an engagement between Emmanuel Levinas, one of the leading figures in 20th century Continental philosophy, and Plato, Hegel, Heidegger, Nietzsche, Merleau-Ponty, Derrida and others in the history of ideas. Not merely an exposition of Levinas' original and complex thinking, Brian Schroeder seeks to re-read the history of (...)
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  11.  17
    Status Warriors: War, Violence and Society in Homer and History.A. H. Jackson & H. van Wees - 1993 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 113:207-208.
  12. Non-Violence: A History Beyond the Myth.Domenico Losurdo - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This book embraces two centuries of the history of non-violence, reconstructing the great historical crises that this movement has faced. In this book the historical reconstruction is intertwined with the philosophical and psychological analysis of the moral dilemmas that great historical crises inevitably imply.
     
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  13. The Letter of Violence: Essays on Narrative, Ethics, and Politics.Idelber Avelar - 2004 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book traces the theory of violence from nineteenth-century symmetrical warfare through today's warfare of electronics and unbalanced numbers. Surveying such luminaries as Walter Benjamin, Frantz Fanon, Hannah Arendt, Paul Virilio, and Jacques Derrida, Avelar also offers a discussion of theories of torture and confession, the work of Roman Polanski and Borges, and a meditation on the rise of the novel in Colombia.
     
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  14. Non-Violence: A History Beyond the Myth.Gregory Elliott (ed.) - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This book embraces two centuries of the history of non-violence, reconstructing the great historical crises that this movement has faced. In this book the historical reconstruction is intertwined with the philosophical and psychological analysis of the moral dilemmas that great historical crises inevitably imply.
     
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  15.  31
    Sexual Violence, Bodily Pain, and Trauma: A History.Joanna Bourke - 2012 - Theory, Culture and Society 29 (3):25-51.
    Psychological trauma is a favoured trope of modernity. It has become commonplace to assume that all ‘bad events’ – and particularly those which involve violence – have a pathological effect on the sufferer’s psyche, as well as that of the perpetrators. This essay explores the ways victims of rape and sexual assault were understood in psychiatric, psychological, forensic, and legal texts in Britain and America from the 19th to the late 20th century. It argues that, unlike most other ‘bad (...)
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  16.  24
    'A Dwelling Beyond Violence': On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Contemporary Republicans.Clifford Ando - 2010 - History of Political Thought 31 (2):183-220.
    Against the dominant trend in contemporary republicanism, which views Roman political theory as providing significant resources to contemporary emancipatory projects, this article reads the Roman legal and political theoretical tradition as revealing above all the capacity of Republican resources to be coopted in support of monarchic domination. It does so by tracing changes in doctrines of liberty, popular sovereignty, magistracy and majoritarianism from the period of the free Republic into the Principate and thence into the Justinianic codifications, as well as (...)
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  17. History and the Dialectic of Violence: An Analysis of Sartre's "Critique de la Raison Dialectique".[author unknown] - 1977 - Science and Society 41 (2):245-247.
     
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  18.  1
    A History of Violence.B. G. Tilak - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (2):437-457.
  19.  6
    Family History and Feminist HistoryHeroes of Their Own Lives: The Politics and History of Family Violence, Boston, 1880-1960Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War EraIntimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America. [REVIEW]Judith E. Smith, Linda Gordon, Elaine Tyler May, John D'Emilio & Estelle B. Freedman - 1991 - Feminist Studies 17 (2):349.
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  20.  21
    The Fundamentalist Mindset: Psychological Perspectives on Religion, Violence, and History.Charles B. Strozier, David M. Terman, James W. Jones & Katherine A. Boyd - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    This penetrating book sheds light on the psychology of fundamentalism, with a particular focus on those who become extremists and fanatics. What accounts for the violence that emerges among some fundamentalist groups? The contributors to this book identify several factors: a radical dualism, in which all aspects of life are bluntly categorized as either good or evil; a destructive inclination to interpret authoritative texts, laws, and teachings in the most literal of terms; an extreme and totalized conversion experience; paranoid (...)
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  21.  2
    Theorizing Histories of Violence.Philip Dwyer & Joy Damousi - 2017 - History and Theory 56 (4):3-6.
  22.  11
    Violence and its Histories: Meanings, Methods, Problems.Philip Dwyer - 2017 - History and Theory 56 (4):7-22.
  23.  76
    Returning (to) the Gift of Death: Violence and History in Derrida and Levinas.Jeffrey Hanson - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (1):1 - 15.
    The purpose of this paper is to establish a proper context for reading Jacques Derrida's The Gift of Death, which, I contend, can only be understood fully against the backdrop of "Violence and Metaphysics." The later work cannot be fully understood unless the reader appreciates the fact that Derrida returns to "a certain Abraham" not only in the name of Kierkegaard but also in the name of Levinas himself. The hypothesis of the reading that follows therefore would be that (...)
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  24.  34
    On the Suspension of Law and the Total Transformation of Labour: Reflections on the Philosophy of History in Walter Benjamin’s ‘Critique of Violence’.Duy Lap Nguyen - 2015 - Thesis Eleven 130 (1):96-116.
    This paper argues for the contemporary significance of the ‘Critique of Violence’ by proposing a Benjaminian reading of two important analyses of the relationship between history, politics and the Rights of Man: Hegel’s account of the French Revolution and the concept of dissensus proposed by Jacques Rancière. For both Hegel and Rancière, the gap between right and reality – between the ideal of equality, for example, and the existence of concrete inequality – does not warrant a rejection of (...)
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  25.  9
    On the Suspension of Law and the Total Transformation of Labour: Reflections on the Philosophy of History in Walter Benjamin’s ‘Critique of Violence’.Duy Lap Nguyen - 2015 - Thesis Eleven 130 (1):96-116.
    This paper argues for the contemporary significance of the ‘Critique of Violence’ by proposing a Benjaminian reading of two important analyses of the relationship between history, politics and the Rights of Man: Hegel’s account of the French Revolution and the concept of dissensus proposed by Jacques Rancière. For both Hegel and Rancière, the gap between right and reality – between the ideal of equality, for example, and the existence of concrete inequality – does not warrant a rejection of (...)
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  26.  60
    Violence and Historicity: Derrida’s Early Readings of Heidegger.Michael Naas - 2015 - Research in Phenomenology 45 (2):191-213.
    _ Source: _Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 191 - 213 With the recent publication of Jacques Derrida’s seminar of 1964–65, Heidegger: The Question of Being and History, it has become abundantly clear that when the full history of Derrida’s half-century-long engagement with Heidegger is finally written a special place will have to be reserved for the question of history itself, and especially the question of history or historicity in its irreducible relationship to language and to (...). In this essay, I look at just a few key passages from “Violence and Metaphysics,” first published in 1964, and Derrida’s seminar on Heidegger from that same year in order to try to isolate what appears to be an important transitional moment in Derrida’s rethinking of the questions of language, violence, and history, in large part, it seems, thanks to, or accompanied by, Heidegger. Indeed, while Derrida’s engagement with Heidegger over the next four decades will go on to include questions of technology, the animal, species difference, sexual difference, and so on, the relationship between language, history, and violence that came to draw his attention in the early 1960s and that would be crucial to what Derrida will go on to call deconstruction will continue to haunt him, as I will suggest in conclusion, right up to his very last seminar, The Beast and the Sovereign, in 2002–2003. (shrink)
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  27.  6
    The Natural History of Violence.C. Russell & W. M. Russell - 1979 - Journal of Medical Ethics 5 (3):108-116.
    In the past, human violence was associated with food shortage, but recently it has increased even in relatively well-fed societies. The reason appears from studies of monkeys under relaxed, spacious conditions and under crowding stress. Uncrowded monkeys have unaggressive leaders, rarely quarrel, and protect females and young. Crowded monkeys (even well-fed) have brutal bosses, often quarrel, and wound and kill each other, including females and young. Crowding has similar behaviour effects on other mammals, with physiological disturbances including greater susceptibility (...)
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  28.  1
    The Concealment of Violence in the History of Fencing: Semantics, Codification, and Deterritorialization.Elise Defrasne Ait-Said - 2018 - Philosophical Journal of Conflict and Violence 2 (2).
    Depending on historical periods and individual perspectives, fencing has been defined in various ways. Indeed, fencing has been regarded as an art, and/or a science, and/or a sport, and/or a game. This paper shows that those various attempts to define fencing throughout history are strategies aiming to conceal the founding violence of fencing (although these strategies do not prevent the emergence of further forms of violence). The study demonstrates that these strategies pertain to semantics, to regulation and (...)
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  29. Violence, Non-Violence: Sartre on Fanon.Judith Butler - 2006 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 27 (1):3-24.
    What is immediately strange about Sartre’s controversial preface to Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth is its mode of address. To whom is this preface written? Sartre imagines his reader as the colonizer or the French citizen who recoils from the thought of violent acts of resistance on the part of the colonized. Minimally, his imagined reader is one who believes that his own notions of humanism and universalism suffice as norms by which to assess the war for independence in (...)
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  30.  29
    Violence, Weak Ontology, and Late-Modernity.Stephen K. White - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (6):808-816.
    This essay responds to the characterization Ted Miller offers (in his December 2008 essay in Political Theory) of the kind of nonfoundationalism I have referred to as "weak ontology," and that Gianni Vattimo frequently calls "weak thought." Miller argues that such a position embodies, first, a philosophy of history in which strong ontologies (e.g., religion) are assessed categorically as passé, and, second, are associated essentially with violence. I show that while these characterizations may be appropriate for Vattimo's thought, (...)
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  31.  71
    Sartre: The Violence of History.Jean-François Gaudeaux - 2006 - Sartre Studies International 12 (1):50-58.
    There is a sort of natural closeness between Sartre and violence. Many have claimed that Sartre was fascinated by violence. Authors as diverse as Michel-Antoine Burnier and Mohamed Harbi have criticised the violence in Sartre, and even Bernard-Henri Lévy sees in Sartre's preface to Fanon's Les Damnés de la Terre a 'Sartre possédé'. Unlike these authors, we claim that Sartre was in no way fascinated by violence. In his eyes, violence was an historical fact that (...)
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  32.  23
    The Syntax of Violence. Between Hegel and Marx.Vittorio Morfino - 2009 - Historical Materialism 17 (3):81-100.
    The Marxian Thesis about the role of violence in History, as it is enunciated in The Capital, is investigated through an analysis of the Hegelian character of its syntax, and the way Engels develops it; a non-teleological interpretation of the thesis is then defended, one that understands that violence presents a plurality of forms, a pervasive character and a heavy materiality.Trata-se de investigar a tese marxiana acerca do papel da violência na história, tal como enunciada em O (...)
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  33.  8
    Allan Megill on History and Its Limits: Human, Animal, Violence. By Dominick LaCapra. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2009. Pp. Ix, 230. [REVIEW]Allan Megill - 2013 - History and Theory 52 (1):110-129.
    In this collection of critical essays, Dominick LaCapra, with characteristic verve, takes on a variety of authors who have addressed issues relating to intellectual history, history generally, violence, trauma, and the relation between the human and the animal. LaCapra offers two types of criticism—of historians for ignoring or misappropriating theory, and of theorists for engaging in “theoreticism,” a theorizing that rides roughshod over historical specificity and context. The present essay focuses on LaCapra’s discussion of the theoreticism of (...)
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  34. Love, Hatred and Violence in the Sacred Palace: The Story and History of the Amorian Dynasty.Katerina Nikolaou & Irene Chrestou - 2008 - Byzantion 78:87-102.
    In the attempt to understand and interpret behavioral patterns, collectively and individually, the example of the Amorion Dynasty is being used. Studying the texts on this topic by the chronographers of later periods, reveals a string of events that historians attributed to personal motives and attempted to interpret as the result o f the abovementioned feelings. This interpretation of the historical events, which did not consider the governmental, social and economic circumstances that allowed the range of human emotions to find (...)
     
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  35. Graduating Political Crisis and Violence in the Discourse of History: The Role of Spanish Suffixes.Claudio Pinuer, Claudia Castro & Teresa Oteíza - 2021 - Discourse Studies 23 (3):296-323.
    This article offers an analysis of the Spanish derivative morphology potential for graduating attitudinal meanings regarding the expression of political crisis and of contested meanings of human rights violations in the discourse of recent Chilean History. This study is framed in the typological principles of Systemic Functional Linguistics and in the appraisal system, particularly in the sub-system of graduation. The analysis demonstrates on one hand the productive role of the suffixes -ada and -azo when graduating attitudinal meanings regarding the (...)
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  36.  2
    Early Modern Religious Violence and the Dark Side of Church History.John Coffey - 2017 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 34 (2):101-114.
    How should Christians interact with historical violence in their own tradition? Faced with a barrage of arguments from the ‘New Atheists’ that this killing invalidates biblical truth claims, Christians might be tempted to ignore or excuse these darker episodes. This article argues that they should be willing to confess the failings of the past, place the violent acts in a careful reading of their historical context and re-examine these acts in light of scripture.
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  37.  15
    Returning the Gift of Death: Violence and History in Derrida and Levinas.Jeffrey Hanson - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (1):1-15.
    The purpose of this paper is to establish a proper context for reading Jacques Derrida’s The Gift of Death, which, I contend, can only be understood fully against the backdrop of “Violence and Metaphysics.” The later work cannot be fully understood unless the reader appreciates the fact that Derrida returns to “a certain Abraham” not only in the name of Kierkegaard but also in the name of Levinas himself. The hypothesis of the reading that follows therefore would be that (...)
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  38.  2
    Boko Haram: The History of an African Jihadist Movement By Alexander ThurstonSearching for Boko Haram: A History of Violence in Central Africa By Scott MacEachern.Oliver Coates - 2020 - Journal of Islamic Studies 31 (2):280-283.
    Boko Haram: The History of an African Jihadist Movement By ThurstonAlexander, viii + 333 pp. Price HB £24.00. EAN 978–0691172248.
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  39.  9
    Violence, Cruelty, Power: Reflections on Heteronomy.John Rundell - 2012 - Cosmos and History 8 (2):3-20.
    There is an opening in Castoriadis’ work for a notion of cruelty, and it emerges in the way in which he develops his idea of heteronomy, as a human world that is blinded or deflected away from human self-creation. This essay is an attempt to locate cruelty constitutively or ontologically in a post-metaphysical register, as an act of creativity that can be given form as a very particular act of singularity, that is, without regard for the other. Acts of human (...)
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  40.  92
    Testimonial Smothering and Domestic Violence Disclosure in Clinical Contexts.Jack Warman - forthcoming - Episteme:1-18.
    Domestic violence and abuse are at last coming to be recognised as serious global public health problems. Nevertheless, many women with personal histories of DVA decline to disclose them to healthcare practitioners. In the health sciences, recent empirical work has identified many factors that impede DVA disclosure, known as barriers to disclosure. Drawing on recent work in social epistemology on testimonial silencing, we might wonder why so many people withhold their testimony and whether there is some kind of epistemic (...)
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  41.  5
    Altared Ground: Levinas, History, and Violence, by Brian Schroeder.William Large - 2000 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 31 (2):206-207.
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  42.  9
    The Great Leveler: Violence and the History of Inequality From the Stone Age to the Twenty-First Century.Jeremiah Alberg - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-2.
    Towards the end of this masterful work, Walter Scheidel writes, “Be careful what you wish for.” This sentence captured my feeling throughout most of my reading of the book. I confess that before re...
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  43.  17
    Berber Bevernage. History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence: Time and Justice (London: Routledge, 2012), Xii+ 250 Pp.£ 80.00 Cloth. Mark Bevir. The Making of British Socialism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011), Xiii+ 350 Pp. $39.50/£ 24.95 Cloth. Isa Blumi. Foundations of Modernity: Human Agency and the Imperial State (London. [REVIEW]Arianne Baggerman, Rudolf Dekker & Michael Mascuch - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (6):863-865.
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  44.  26
    Inscriptions of Violence: Societal and Medical Neglect of Child Abuse – Impact on Life and Health. [REVIEW]Anna Luise Kirkengen - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):99-110.
    ObjectiveA sickness history from General Practice will be unfolded with regard to its implicit lived meanings. This experiential matrix will be analyzed with regard to its medico-theoretical aspects.MethodThe analysis is grounded in a phenomenology of the body. The patient Katherine Kaplan lends a particular portrait to the dynamics that are enacted in the interface between socially silenced domestic violence and the theoretical assumptions of human health as these inform the clinical practice of health care.ResultsBy applying an understanding of (...)
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  45. «A Small Violence to History»: Reflecting on the Past in Fielding's Drama Eurydice Hissed.Julia M. Wright - 1993 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 23 (1):63-79.
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  46.  16
    What Can the History of Religion Say About the Problem of Religion and Violence?Tatsuo Murakami - unknown
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  47. Losurdo, Domenico. Non-Violence: A History Beyond the Myth.Verbena Giambastiani - 2017 - Philosophical Journal of Conflict and Violence 1 (2).
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  48.  23
    Vision, Revelation, Violence: Technology and Expanded Perception Within Photographic History.Tom Slevin - 2018 - Philosophy of Photography 9 (1):53-70.
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  49.  4
    Nature and the Irruptive Violence of History.Julian Bourg - 2016 - History and Theory 55 (4):93-111.
  50. Traumatic Origins: History, Genealogy, and Violence in Heidegger and Nietzsche.Eric S. Nelson - 2012 - In Alfred Denker Babette Babich (ed.), Heidegger and Nietzsche. Rodopi. pp. 379-390.
     
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