Results for 'Virginia Ghiara'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  26
    Reconstructing the Mixed Mechanisms of Health: The Role of Bio- and Socio-Markers.Virginia Ghiara & Federica Russo - unknown
    It is widely agreed that social factors are related to health outcomes: much research served to establish correlations between classes of social factors on the one hand and classes of disease on the other hand. However, why and how social factors are an active part in the aetiology of disease development is something that is gaining attention only recently in the health sciences and in the medical humanities. In this paper, we advance the view that, just as bio-markers help trace (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  2.  16
    The Use of Mechanistic Reasoning in Assessing Coronavirus Interventions.Jeffrey K. Aronson, Daniel Auker-Howlett, Virginia Ghiara, Michael P. Kelly & Jon Williamson - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):684-693.
    Evidence-based medicine, the dominant approach to assessing the effectiveness of clinical and public health interventions, focuses on the results of association studies. EBM+ is a development of EBM that systematically considers mechanistic studies alongside association studies. In this paper we provide several examples of the importance of mechanistic evidence to coronavirus research. Assessment of combination therapy for MERS highlights the need for systematic assessment of mechanistic evidence. That hypertension is a risk factor for severe disease in the case of SARS-CoV-2 (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  52
    Virginia Moyer, Steven M. Teutsch, and Jeffrey R. Botkin Reply.Virginia Moyer, Steven M. Teutsch & Jeffrey R. Botkin - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (1):7-8.
  4.  14
    Andachtsbücher des Mittelalters Aus Privatbesitz. Joachim M. PlotzekTime Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life.Roger S. Wieck, Lawrence R. Poos, Virginia Reinburg, John Plummer. [REVIEW]Virginia Kaufmann - 1990 - Speculum 65 (2):485-489.
  5. Book Review: Race Matters: A Book Review by Virginia Whitehouse. [REVIEW]Virginia Whitehouse - 1996 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 11 (3):191 – 192.
  6. The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, and Global.Virginia Held - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Virginia Held assesses the ethics of care as a promising alternative to the familiar moral theories that serve so inadequately to guide our lives. The ethics of care is only a few decades old, yet it is by now a distinct moral theory or normative approach to the problems we face. It is relevant to global and political matters as well as to the personal relations that can most clearly exemplify care. This book clarifies just what the ethics of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   209 citations  
  7.  8
    The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, Global.Virginia Held - 2006 - Oup Usa.
    Virginia Held assesses the ethics of care as a promising alternative to the familiar moral theories that serve so inadequately to guide our lives. The ethics of care is only a few decades old, yet it is by now a distinct moral theory or normative approach to the problems we face. It is relevant to global and political matters as well as to the personal relations that can most clearly exemplify care. This book clarifies just what the ethics of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   88 citations  
  8.  55
    Responsible Artificial Intelligence: How to Develop and Use Ai in a Responsible Way.Virginia Dignum - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    In this book, the author examines the ethical implications of Artificial Intelligence systems as they integrate and replace traditional social structures in new sociocognitive-technological environments. She discusses issues related to the integrity of researchers, technologists, and manufacturers as they design, construct, use, and manage artificially intelligent systems; formalisms for reasoning about moral decisions as part of the behavior of artificial autonomous systems such as agents and robots; and design methodologies for social agents based on societal, moral, and legal values. Throughout (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  9. Feminist Morality: Transforming Culture, Society, and Politics.Virginia Held - 1993 - University of Chicago Press.
    How is feminism changing the way women and men think, feel, and act? Virginia Held explores how feminist theory is changing contemporary views of moral choice. She proposes a comprehensive philosophy of feminist ethics, arguing persuasively for reconceptualizations of the self of relations between the self and others and of images of birth and death, nurturing and violence. Held shows how social, political, and cultural institutions have traditionally been founded upon masculine ideals of morality. She then identifies a distinct (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   119 citations  
  10. Feminist Morality: Transforming Culture, Society, and Politics.Virginia Held - 1996 - Hypatia 11 (1):155-167.
    Virginia Held's Feminist Morality defends the idea that it is possible to transform the "public" sphere by remaking it on the model of existing "private" relationships such as families. This paper challenges Held's optimism. It is argued that feminist moral inquiry can aid in transforming the public sphere only by showing just how much the allegedly "private" realms of families and personal relationships are shaped-and often misshapen-by public demands and concerns.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   73 citations  
  11.  57
    Ethics in Artificial Intelligence: Introduction to the Special Issue.Virginia Dignum - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 20 (1):1-3.
  12.  76
    A Vindication of Political Virtue: The Political Theory of Mary Wollstonecraft.Virginia Sapiro - 1992 - University of Chicago Press.
    Nearly two hundred years ago, Mary Wollstonecraft wrote what is considered to be the first major work of feminist political theory: A Vindication of the Rights of Women . Much has been written about this work, and about Wollstonecraft as the intellectual pioneer of feminism, but the actual substance and coherence of her political thought have been virtually ignored. Virginia Sapiro here provides the first full-length treatment of Wollstonecraft's political theory. Drawing on all of Wollstonecraft's works and treating them (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  13. The Ethics of Care. Personal, Political, and Global.Virginia Held - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (2):399-399.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   198 citations  
  14. Can a Random Collection of Individuals Be Morally Responsible?Virginia Held - 1970 - Journal of Philosophy 67 (14):471-481.
  15.  24
    Null Subjects: A Problem for Parameter-Setting Models of Language Acquisition.Virginia Valian - 1990 - Cognition 35 (2):105-122.
  16.  55
    The Ethics of Care.Virginia Held - 2006 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
    In the last few decades, the ethics of care as a feminist ethic has given rise to extensive literature, and has affected moral inquiries in many areas. It offers a distinctive challenge to the dominant moral theories: Kantian moral theory, utilitarianism, and virtue ethics. This chapter outlines the distinctive features and promising possibilities of the ethics of care, and the criticisms that have been made against it. It then examines the ethics of care’s recognition of human dependency and of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   90 citations  
  17.  42
    Rights and Goods: Justifying Social Action.Virginia Held - 1984 - University of Chicago Press.
    Theories of justice, argues Virginia Held, are usually designed for a perfect, hypothetical world. They do not give us guidelines for living in an imperfect world in which the choices and decisions that we must make are seldom clear-cut. Seeking a morality based on actual experience, Held offers a method of inquiry with which to deal with the specific moral problems encountered in daily life. She argues that the division between public and private morality is misleading and shows convincingly (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  18.  14
    U-Shaped Learning and Frequency Effects in a Multi-Layered Perception: Implications for Child Language Acquisition.Kim Plunkett & Virginia Marchman - 1991 - Cognition 38 (1):43-102.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   175 citations  
  19.  18
    Beyond Gender Schemas: Improving the Advancement of Women in Academia.Virginia Valian - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (3):198-213.
  20. Feminism and Moral Theory.Virginia Held - forthcoming - Bioethics: An Introduction to the History, Methods, and Practice.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  21.  78
    Beyond Gender Schemas: Improving the Advancement of Women in Academia.Virginia Valian - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (3):198-213.
  22.  30
    Syntactic Subjects in the Early Speech of American and Italian Children.Virginia Valian - 1991 - Cognition 40 (1-2):21-81.
  23.  9
    The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Retrieval.Virginia M. Rosen & Randall W. Engle - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (3):211-227.
  24. Justice and Care: Essential Readings in Feminist Ethics.Virginia Held (ed.) - 1995 - Westview Press.
    When feminist philosophers first turned their attention to traditional ethical theory, its almost exclusive emphasis upon justice, rights, abstract rationality, and individual autonomy came under special criticism. Women’s experiences seemed to suggest the need for a focus on care, empathetic relations, and the interdependence of persons.The most influential readings of what has become an extremely lively and fruitful debate are reproduced here along with important new contributions by Alison Jaggar and Sara Ruddick. As this volume testifies, there is no agreement (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  25.  15
    Lessons Learned From Nurses’ Requests for Ethics Consultation.Virginia L. Bartlett & Stuart G. Finder - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301666087.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  26.  90
    X-Men Ethics: Using Comic Books to Teach Business Ethics.Virginia W. Gerde & R. Spencer Foster - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):245-258.
    A modern form of narrative, comic books are used to communicate, discuss, and critique issues in business ethics and social issues in management. A description of comic books as a legitimate medium is followed by a discussion of the pedagogical uses of comic books and assessment techniques. The strengths of the pedagogy include crossing cultural barriers, understanding the complexity of individual decision-making and organizational influences, and the universality of dilemmas and values. We provide an initial source for educators on the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  27.  16
    Resistance to Extinction as a Function of the Distribution of Extinction Trials.Virginia Fairfax Sheffeld - 1950 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):305.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  28.  7
    Reconceptualizing Individual Differences in Self-Enhancement Bias: An Interpersonal Approach.Virginia S. Y. Kwan, Oliver P. John, David A. Kenny, Michael H. Bond & Richard W. Robins - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):94-110.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  29. Feminist Transformations of Moral Theory.Virginia Held - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:321-344.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  30. How Terrorism is Wrong: Morality and Political Violence.Virginia Held - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    How Terrorism is Wrong collects essays by Virginia Held that examine terrorism and other forms of political violence. Held assesses popular attitudes that glorify some kinds of violence and vilify others, and discusses the kinds of moral evaluation appropriate for terrorism, war, violent political change, or repression. This collection suggests ways of improving how we understand and deal with violence.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  31.  3
    Virginia Woolf the Frames of Art and Life.C. Ruth Miller - 1988 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    An attempt to illuminate Virginia Woolf's aesthetic by providing an original thoery regarding her use of the random frames provided by life. Her novels are shown to use windows, thresholds, mirrors and, less directly, rooms to frame scenes which chart the border between life and art.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  4
    The "Supersitition" Experiment: A Reexamination of its Implications for the Principles of Adaptive Behavior.J. E. Staddon & Virginia L. Simmelhag - 1971 - Psychological Review 78 (1):3-43.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   306 citations  
  33.  32
    A Place for All at the Global Health Table: A Case Study About Creating an Interprofessional Global Health Project: Teaching Health Law.Virginia Rowthorn - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):907-914.
    Many ideas grow better when transplanted into another mind than the one where they sprang up.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  34.  6
    Do Newborns Have the Ability to Imitate?Virginia Slaughter - 2021 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (5):377-387.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  35.  41
    From Rote Learning to System Building: Acquiring Verb Morphology in Children and Connectionist Nets.Kim Plunkett & Virginia Marchman - 1993 - Cognition 48 (1):21-69.
  36.  18
    From Action to Spoken and Signed Language Through Gesture.Virginia Volterra, Olga Capirci, Pasquale Rinaldi & Laura Sparaci - 2018 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 19 (1-2):216-238.
    We review major developmental evidence on the continuity from action to gesture to word and sign in human children, highlighting the important role of caregivers in the development of multimodal communication. In particular, the basic issues considered here and contributing to the current debate on the origins and development of the language-ready brain are: links between early actions, gestures and words and similarities in representational strategies; importance of multimodal communication and the interplay between gestures and spoken words; interconnections between early (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  37.  23
    Informed Consent as an Ethical Requirement in Clinical Trials: An Old, but Still Unresolved Issue. An Observational Study to Evaluate Patient's Informed Consent Comprehension.Virginia Sanchini, Michele Reni, Giliola Calori, Elisabetta Riva & Massimo Reichlin - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):269-275.
    We explored the comprehension of the informed consent in 77 cancer patients previously enrolled in randomised phase II or phase III clinical trials, between March and July 2011, at the San Raffaele Scientific Institute in Milano. We asked participants to complete an ad hoc questionnaire and analysed their answers. Sixty-two per cent of the patients understood the purpose and nature of the trial they were participating in; 44% understood the study procedures and 40% correctly listed at least one of the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  38. Virginia Woolf and Our Knowledge of the External World.Jaakko Hintikka - 1979 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 38 (1):5-14.
    The longstanding critical refrain that Virginia Woolf's fiction represents a turn "inward" to the vagaries of the inner life has more recently been countered with an "outward" approach emphasizing Woolf's interest in the material world, its everyday objects and their social and political significance. Yet one of the most curious and pervasive features of Woolf's oeuvre is that characters are so frequently wrong in their perceptions. This essay consolidates the inward and outward approaches by tracing the trope of misperception (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  39.  3
    A Room of One’s Own and Three Guineas.Virginia Woolf - 2001 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In A Room of One's Own and Three Guineas, Virginia Woolf considers with energy and wit the implications of the historical exclusion of women from education and from economic independence. In A Room of One's Own, she examines the work of past women writers, and looks ahead to a time when women's creativity will not be hampered by poverty, or by oppression. In Three Guineas, however, Woolf argues that women's historical exclusion offers them the chance to form a political (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  40. Non-Contractual Society: A Feminist View.Virginia Held - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (sup1):111-137.
  41. Development of Preferences for the Human Body Shape in Infancy.Virginia Slaughter, Michelle Heron & Susan Sim - 2002 - Cognition 85 (3):71-81.
    Two studies investigated the development of infants' visual preferences for the human body shape. In Study 1, infants of 12,15 and 18 months were tested in a standard preferential looking experiment, in which they were shown paired line drawings of typical and scrambled bodies. Results indicated that the 18-month-olds had a reliable preference for the scrambled body shapes over typical body shapes, while the younger infants did not show differential responding. In Study 2, 12- and 18-month-olds were tested with the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  42.  15
    Black Nurse in White Space? Rethinking the in/Visibility of Race Within the Australian Nursing Workplace.Virginia Mapedzahama, Trudy Rudge, Sandra West & Amelie Perron - 2012 - Nursing Inquiry 19 (2):153-164.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  43.  16
    A Trust‐Based Pact in Research Biobanks. From Theory to Practice.Virginia Sanchini, Giuseppina Bonizzi, Davide Disalvatore, Massimo Monturano, Salvatore Pece, Giuseppe Viale, Pier Paolo Di Fiore & Giovanni Boniolo - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (4):260-271.
    Traditional Informed Consent is becoming increasingly inadequate, especially in the context of research biobanks. How much information is needed by patients for their consent to be truly informed? How does the quality of the information they receive match up to the quality of the information they ought to receive? How can information be conveyed fairly about future, non-predictable lines of research? To circumvent these difficulties, some scholars have proposed that current consent guidelines should be reassessed, with trust being used as (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  44.  30
    To Cheat or Not to Cheat?: The Role of Personality in Academic and Business Ethics.Virginia K. Bratton & Connie Strittmatter - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (6):427-444.
    Past research (Lawson, 2004; Nonis & Swift, 2001) has revealed a correlation between academic and business ethics. Using a sample survey, this study extends this inquiry by examining the role of dispositional variables (neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness) and academic honesty on business ethics perceptions. Results indicate that (1) neuroticism and conscientiousness were positively related to more ethical perceptions in a work context, and (2) academic honesty partially mediated the relationship between conscientiousness and business ethics. Implications to business practitioners and educators (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  45. The Meshing of Care and Justice.Virginia Held - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (2):128 - 132.
    This essay attempts to work out how justice and care and their related concerns fit together. I suggest that as a basic moral value, care should be the wider moral framework into which justice should be fitted.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  46.  15
    Applied Mysticism: A Drug‐Enabled Visionary Experience Against Moral Blindness.Virginia Ballesteros - 2019 - Zygon 54 (3):731-755.
  47.  4
    Science, Bioethics, and the Public Interest: ▪On the Need for Transparency▪.Virginia A. Sharpe - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (3):23-26.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  48. Three Guineas: A Broadview Encore Edition.Virginia Woolf - 2012 - Broadview Press.
    In Three Guineas, first published in June, 1938 Virginia Woolf set about answering three questions. How should war be prevented? Why does the government not support education for women? Why are women prevented from engaging in professional work? Many at the time saw the matter of how best to prevent war as entirely unconnected with “women’s issues”; Woolf linked together the answers, and connected them too with discussions of such matters as social class, in what has come to be (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49.  73
    Yes, Virginia, There Really Are Paraconsistent Logics.Bryson Brown - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (5):489-500.
    B. H. Slater has argued that there cannot be any truly paraconsistent logics, because it's always more plausible to suppose whatever "negation" symbol is used in the language is not a real negation, than to accept the paraconsistent reading. In this paper I neither endorse nor dispute Slater's argument concerning negation; instead, my aim is to show that as an argument against paraconsistency, it misses (some of) the target. A important class of paraconsistent logics - the preservationist logics - are (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  50.  2
    Witchcraft, Demonology, and Confession in Early Modern France.Virginia Krause - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Denounced by neighbors and scrutinized by demonologists, the early modern French witch also confessed, self-identified as a witch and as the author of horrific deeds. What led her to this point? Despair, solitude, perhaps even physical pain, but most decisively, demonology's two-pronged prosecutorial and truth-seeking confessional apparatus. This book examines the systematic and well-oiled machinery that served to extract, interpret, and disseminate witches' confessions in early modern France. For the demonologist, confession was the only way to find out the truth (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000