Results for 'Visual perception'

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  1. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception.James J. Gibson - 1979 - Houghton Mifflin.
    This is a book about how we see: the environment around us (its surfaces, their layout, and their colors and textures); where we are in the environment; whether or not we are moving and, if we are, where we are going; what things are good for; how to do things (to thread a needle or drive an automobile); or why things look as they do.The basic assumption is that vision depends on the eye which is connected to the brain. The (...)
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  2. Is Vision Continuous with Cognition? The Case for Cognitive Impenetrability of Visual Perception.Zenon W. Pylyshyn - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):341-365.
    Although the study of visual perception has made more progress in the past 40 years than any other area of cognitive science, there remain major disagreements as to how closely vision is tied to general cognition. This paper sets out some of the arguments for both sides and defends the position that an important part of visual perception, which may be called early vision or just vision, is prohibited from accessing relevant expectations, knowledge and utilities - (...)
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  3.  62
    A Framework for the First‑Person Internal Sensation of Visual Perception in Mammals and a Comparable Circuitry for Olfactory Perception in Drosophila.Kunjumon Vadakkan - 2015 - Springerplus 4 (833):1-23.
    Perception is a first-person internal sensation induced within the nervous system at the time of arrival of sensory stimuli from objects in the environment. Lack of access to the first-person properties has limited viewing perception as an emergent property and it is currently being studied using third-person observed findings from various levels. One feasible approach to understand its mechanism is to build a hypothesis for the specific conditions and required circuit features of the nodal points where the mechanistic (...)
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  4.  53
    Visual Perception as a Means of Knowing.Craig French - 2012 - Dissertation, UCL
    This thesis falls into two parts, a characterizing part, and an explanatory part. In the first part, I outline some of the core aspects of our ordinary understanding of visual perception, and how we regard it as a means of knowing. What explains the fact that I know that the lemon before me is yellow is my visual perception: I know that the lemon is yellow because I can see it. Some explanations of how one knows (...)
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  5. Functional Modulation of Power-Law Distribution in Visual Perception.Masanori Shimono, Takashi Owaki, Kaoru Amano, Keichi Kitajo & Tsunehiro Takeda - 2007 - Physical Review E 75 (75):051902.
    Neuronal activities have recently been reported to exhibit power-law scaling behavior. However, it has not been demonstrated that the power-law component can play an important role in human perceptual functions. Here, we demonstrate that the power spectrum of magnetoencephalograph recordings of brain activity varies in coordination with perception of subthreshold visual stimuli. We observed that perceptual performance could be better explained by modulation of the power-law component than by modulation of the peak power in particular narrow frequency ranges. (...)
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  6.  33
    Determining the Primary Problem of Visual Perception: A Gibsonian Response to the Correlation' Objection.Philip A. Glotzbach - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (1):69-94.
    Fodor & Pylyshyn (1981) criticize J. J. Gibson's ecological account of perception for failing to address what I call the 'correlation problem' in visual perception. That is, they charge that Gibson cannot explain how perceivers learn to correlate detectable properties of the light with perceptible properties of the environment. Furthermore, they identify the correlation problem as a crucial issue for any theory of visual perception, what I call a 'primary problem'—i.e. a problem which plays a (...)
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  7. Affordances and the Body: An Intentional Analysis of Gibson's Ecological Approach to Visual Perception.Harry Heft - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (1):1–30.
    In his ecological approach to perception, james gibson introduced the concept of affordance to refer to the perceived meaning of environmental objects and events. this paper examines the relational and causal character of affordances, as well as the grounds for extending affordances beyond environmental features with transcultural meaning to include those features with culturally-specific meaning. such an extension is seen as warranted once affordances are grounded in an intentional analysis of perception. toward this end, aspects of merleau-ponty's treatment (...)
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  8. Neural Mechanisms Underlying Temporal Aspects of Conscious Visual Perception.Wei Ji Ma, Fred Hamker & Christof Koch - 2006 - In Haluk Ögmen & Bruno G. Breitmeyer (eds.), The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. MIT Press. pp. 275-294.
     
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  9. Two Visual Systems and Two Theories of Perception: An Attempt to Reconcile the Constructivist and Ecological Approaches.Joel Norman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):73-96.
    The two contrasting theoretical approaches to visual perception, the constructivist and the ecological, are briefly presented and illustrated through their analyses of space and size perception. Earlier calls for their reconciliation and unification are reviewed. Neurophysiological, neuropsychological, and psychophysical evidence for the existence of two quite distinct visual systems, the ventral and the dorsal, is presented. These two perceptual systems differ in their functions; the ventral system's central function is that of identification, while the dorsal system (...)
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  10.  7
    Visual Perception Without Awareness: Priming Responses by Color.Thomas Schmidt - 2000 - In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. pp. 157--179.
  11.  7
    The Memory Effect of Visual Perception of Three-Dimensional Form.Hans Wallach, D. N. O'Connell & Ulric Neisser - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (5):360.
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    Explicit Neural Representations, Recursive Neural Networks and Conscious Visual Perception.Daniel A. Pollen - 2003 - Cerebral Cortex 13 (8):807-814.
  13.  5
    Rate of Information Processing in Visual Perception: Some Results and Methodological Considerations.Charles W. Eriksen & Terry Spencer - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p2):1.
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  14.  7
    The Time-Intensity Relation in Visual Perception as a Function of Observer's Task.Daniel Kahneman & Joel Norman - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):215.
  15.  8
    Selective Attention and Coding in Visual Perception.Charles S. Harris & Ralph Norman Haber - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):328.
  16.  6
    An Experimental Investigation of the Principle of Proximity in the Visual Perception of the Rat.I. Krechevsky - 1938 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (6):497.
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  17.  12
    The Influence of Past Experience in Visual Perception.K. W. Braly - 1933 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (5):613.
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  18.  6
    Stimulus Exposure Time, Brightness, and Spatial Factors as Determinants of Visual Perception.Jacques Kaswan & Stephen Young - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (2):113.
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  19.  26
    Pre- and Poststimulus Alpha Rhythms Are Related to Conscious Visual Perception: A High-Resolution EEC Study.Claudio Babiloni, Fabrizio Vecchio, Alessandro Bultrini, Gian Luca Romani & Paolo Maria Rossini - 2006 - Cerebral Cortex 16 (12):1690-1700.
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    Three Demonstrations Involving the Visual Perception of Movement.F. P. Kilpatrick & W. H. Ittelson - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (6):394.
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  21.  2
    The Time Course of Lateral Asymmetries in Visual Perception of Letters.Arnold Wilkins & Anne Stewart - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):905.
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  22.  5
    Short-Term Memory and Retroactive Interference in Visual Perception.Charles W. Eriksen & Richard A. Steffy - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (5):423.
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  23.  5
    Experiments on Sensory-Tonic Field Theory of Perception: I. Effect of Extraneous Stimulation on the Visual Perception of Verticality.Seymour Wapner, Heinz Werner & Kenneth A. Chandler - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (5):341.
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  24.  5
    A Replication of Selective Attention and Coding in Visual Perception.Ralph Norman Haber - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (4):402.
  25.  4
    Haptic and Visual Perception of Proportion.Stuart Appelle & Jacqueline J. Goodnow - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):47.
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  26.  4
    Experiments on Sensory-Tonic Field Theory of Perception. III. Effect of Body Rotation on the Visual Perception of Verticality. [REVIEW]Seymour Wapner, Heinz Werner & Ricardo B. Morant - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (5):351.
  27.  3
    Experiments on Sensory-Tonic Field Theory of Perception: II. Effect of Supported and Unsupported Tilt of the Body on the Visual Perception of Verticality.Heinz Werner, Seymour Wapner & Kenneth A. Chandler - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (5):346.
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  28.  3
    Effect of Extraneous Stimulation on the Visual Perception of Verticality: A Failure to Replicate.Robert Fried & Richard G. Lathrop - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):327.
  29.  3
    Visual Perception of the Horizontal During Prolonged Exposure to Radial Acceleration on a Centrifuge.Brant Clark & Ashton Graybiel - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (3):294.
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  30.  2
    Reinterpretation of One Form of Backward and Forward Masking in Visual Perception.Charles W. Eriksen & James F. Collins - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (4):343.
  31.  2
    Visual Perception in the White Rat.G. D. Higginson - 1926 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (4):337.
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  32.  1
    Visual Perception of Horizontal Movement.R. O. Van Waters - 1934 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (2):223.
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  33.  1
    Retinal Traces and Visual Perception of Movement.Koiti Motokawa - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (6):369.
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  34. Visual Perception Without Awareness in a Patient with Posterior Cortical Atrophy: Impaired Explicit but Not Implicit Processing of Global Information.J. Vincent Filoteo, Frances J. Friedrich, Catherine Rabbel & John L. Stricker - 2002 - Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society 8 (3):461-472.
  35. The Particularity of Visual Perception.Matthew Soteriou - 2000 - European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):173-189.
  36.  33
    Is Conscious Perception Gradual or Dichotomous? A Comparison of Report Methodologies During a Visual Task.Morten Overgaard, Julian Rote, Kim Mouridsen & Thomas Zoega Ramsoy - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):700-708.
    In a recent article, [Sergent, C. & Dehaene, S. . Is consciousness a gradual phenomenon? Evidence for an all-or-none bifurcation during the attentional blink, Psychological Science, 15, 720–729] claim to give experimental support to the thesis that there is a clear transition between conscious and unconscious perception. This idea is opposed to theoretical arguments that we should think of conscious perception as a continuum of clarity, with e.g., fringe conscious states [Mangan, B. . Sensation’s ghost—the non-sensory “fringe” of (...)
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  37. On Seeing a Material Thing in Space: The Role of Kinaesthesis in Visual Perception.John J. Drummond - 1979 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (1):19-32.
  38. Visual Perception and Blindsight: The Role of the Phenomenal Qualities.Ralph Schumacher - 1998 - Acta Analytica 20 (20):71-82.
     
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  39. Space Perception, Visual Dissonance and the Fate of Standard Representationalism.Farid Masrour - 2016 - Noûs 50 (1).
    This paper argues that a common form of representationalism has trouble accommodating empirical findings about visual space perception. Vision science tells us that the visual system systematically gives rise to different experiences of the same spatial property. This, combined with a naturalistic account of content, suggests that the same spatial property can have different veridical looks. I use this to argue that a common form of representationalism about spatial experience must be rejected. I conclude by considering alternatives (...)
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  40. Metaphysical Realism as a Pre-Condition of Visual Perception.Stephen J. Boulter - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (2):243-261.
    In this paper I present a transcendental argument based on the findings of cognitive psychology and neurophysiology which invites two conclusions: First and foremost, that a pre-condition of visual perception itself is precisely what the Aristotelian and other commonsense realists maintain, namely, the independent existence of a featured, or pre-packaged world; second, this finding, combined with other reflections, suggests that, contra McDowell and other neo-Kantians, human beings have access to things as they are in the world via non-projective (...)
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  41. Descartes on Seeing: Epistemology and Visual Perception.Celia Wolf-Devine - 1993 - Southern Illinois University.
    In this first book-length examination of the Cartesian theory of visual perception, Celia Wolf-Devine explores the many philosophical implications of Descartes’ theory, concluding that he ultimately failed to provide a completely mechanistic theory of visual perception. Wolf-Devine traces the development of Descartes’ thought about visual perception against the backdrop of the transition from Aristotelianism to the new mechanistic science—the major scientific paradigm shift taking place in the seventeenth century. She considers the philosopher’s work in (...)
     
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  42.  85
    How to Talk About Visual Perception? The Case of the Duck / Rabbit.Paweł Grabarczyk - 2014 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Philosophy of Language and Linguistics: The Legacy of Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein. De Gruyter. pp. 53-70.
    In Remarks on the philosophy of psychology Wittgenstein uses ambiguous illusions to investigate the problematic relation of perception and interpretation. I use this problem as a starting point for developing a conceptual framework capable of expressing problems associated with visual perception in a precise manner. I do this by discerning between subjective and objective meaning of the term “to see” and by specifying the beliefs which are to be ascribed to the observer when we assert that she (...)
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  43.  32
    The Praxiology of Perception: Visual Orientations and Practical Action.Jeff Coulter - 1990 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 251 (September):251-272.
    A range of arguments are presented to demonstrate that (1) human visual orientations are conceptually constituted (concept?bound); (2) the concept?boundedness of visual orientations does not require a cognitivist account according to which a mental process of ?inference? or of ?interpretation? must be postulated to accompany a purely ?optical? registration of ?wavelengths of light?, ?photons?, or contentless ?information'; (3) concept?bound visual orientations are not all instances of ?seeing as?, contrary to some currently prominent cognitivist accounts; (4) the dispute (...)
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  44.  52
    How to (and How Not to) Think About Top-Down Influences on Visual Perception.Christoph Teufel & Bence Nanay - forthcoming - Consciousness and Cognition.
    The question of whether cognition can influence perception has a long history in neuroscience and philosophy. Here, we outline a novel approach to this issue, arguing that it should be viewed within the framework of top-down information-processing. This approach leads to a reversal of the standard explanatory order of the cognitive penetration debate: we suggest studying top-down processing at various levels without preconceptions of perception or cognition. Once a clear picture has emerged about which processes have influences on (...)
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  45.  5
    Pictures, Preparations, and Living Processes: The Production of Immediate Visual Perception (Anschauung) in Late-19th-Century Physiology. [REVIEW]Henning Schmidgen - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):477 - 513.
    This paper addresses the visual culture of late-19th-century experimental physiology. Taking the case of Johann Nepomuk Czermak (1828-1873) as a key example, it argues that images played a crucial role in acquiring experimental physiological skills. Czermak, Emil Du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896) and other late-19th-century physiologists sought to present the achievements and perspective of their discipline by way of "immediate visual perception (unmittelbare Anschauung)." However, the images they produced and presented for this purpose were strongly mediated. By means of (...)
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  46.  44
    Beyond the Body Schema: Visual, Prosthetic, and Technological Contributions to Bodily Perception and Awareness.Nicholas P. Holmes & Charles Spence - 2006 - In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press. pp. 15-64.
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  47.  15
    Visual Consciousness: Dissociating the Neural Correlates of Perceptual Transitions From Sustained Perception with fMRI.J. Eriksson, A. Larsson, K. Alstrom & Lars Nyberg - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):61-72.
    To investigate the possible dichotomy between the neurophysiological bases of perceptual transitions versus sustaining a particular percept over time, an fMRI study was conducted with subjects viewing fragmented pictures. Unlike most other perceptually unstable stimuli, fragmented pictures give rise to only one perceptual transition and a continuous period of sustained perception. Earlier research is inconclusive on the subject of which anatomical regions should be attributed to what temporal aspect of perception, and the aim of the present study was (...)
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  48.  68
    Varieties of Cognitive Penetration in Visual Perception.Petra Vetter & Albert Newen - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 27:62-75.
  49. Embedded Seeing-As: Multi-Stable Visual Perception Without Interpretation.Nicoletta Orlandi - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):1-19.
    Standard models of visual perception hold that vision is an inferential or interpretative process. Such models are said to be superior to competing, non-inferential views in explanatory power. In particular, they are said to be capable of explaining a number of otherwise mysterious, visual phenomena such as multi-stable perception. Multi-stable perception paradigmatically occurs in the presence of ambiguous figures, single images that can give rise to two or more distinct percepts. Different interpretations are said to (...)
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  50.  8
    Studies in Space Orientation. III. Perception of the Upright in the Absence of a Visual Field.H. A. Witkin & S. E. Asch - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (5):603.
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