Results for 'Vittorio Magnago Lampugnani'

766 found
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  1.  2
    Urban Design as Craft: Eleven Conversations and Seven Projects 1999-2011 = Stadt Bau Als Handwerk: Elf Gespräche Und Sieben Projekte 1999-2011. [REVIEW]Vittorio Magnago Lampugnani - 2011 - Gta Verlag.
    In eleven pointed and sometimes provocative conversations, architect and professor of architecture, Vittorio Magnago Lampugnani uses a critique of contemporary urban planning to develop principles for reestablishing the discipline. In seven projects designed with these principles in mind, he shows how his vigorous reinterpretation of the field can be implemented and what a fresh start can look like. Magnago Lampugnani envisages a calm modern city that can measure itself against the historic city, while emphasizing sustainability (...)
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  2. Vittorio Stella testimone del Novecento.Vittorio Lido Chiusano - 2004 - Filosofia Oggi 27 (105):29-52.
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  3. Some Possible Problems in Vittorio Villa's Version of Relativism.Vittorio Villa - 2011 - Ideas Y Valores 60 (146).
     
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  4. Mirror Neurons and the Simulation Theory of Mind-Reading.Vittorio Gallese & Alvin I. Goldman - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (12):493-501.
    A new class of visuomotor neuron has been recently discovered in the monkey’s premotor cortex: mirror neurons. These neurons respond both when a particular action is performed by the recorded monkey and when the same action, performed by another individual, is observed. Mirror neurons appear to form a cortical system matching observation and execution of goal-related motor actions. Experimental evidence suggests that a similar matching system also exists in humans. What might be the functional role of this matching system? One (...)
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  5. The Brain's Concepts: The Role of the Sensory-Motor System in Conceptual Knowledge.Vittorio Gallese & George Lakoff - unknown
    Concepts are the elementary units of reason and linguistic meaning. They are conventional and relatively stable. As such, they must somehow be the result of neural activity in the brain. The questions are: Where? and How? A common philosophical position is that all concepts—even concepts about action and perception—are symbolic and abstract, and therefore must be implemented outside the brain’s sensory-motor system. We will argue against this position using (1) neuroscientific evidence; (2) results from neural computation; and (3) results about (...)
     
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  6. A Unifying View of the Basis of Social Cognition.Vittorio Gallese, Christian Keysers & Giacomo Rizzolatti - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):396-403.
    In this article we provide a unifying neural hypothesis on how individuals understand the actions and emotions of others. Our main claim is that the fundamental mechanism at the basis of the experiential understanding of others' actions is the activation of the mirror neuron system. A similar mechanism, but involving the activation of viscero-motor centers, underlies the experiential understanding of the emotions of others.
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  7. The 'Shared Manifold' Hypothesis: From Mirror Neurons to Empathy.Vittorio Gallese - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):33-50.
    My initial scope will be limited: starting from a neurobiological standpoint, I will analyse how actions are possibly represented and understood. The main aim of my arguments will be to show that, far from being exclusively dependent upon mentalistic/linguistic abilities, the capacity for understanding others as intentional agents is deeply grounded in the relational nature of action. Action is relational, and the relation holds both between the agent and the object target of the action , as between the agent of (...)
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  8. Embodied Simulation: From Neurons to Phenomenal Experience. [REVIEW]Vittorio Gallese - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):23-48.
    The same neural structures involved in the unconscious modeling of our acting body in space also contribute to our awareness of the lived body and of the objects that the world contains. Neuroscientific research also shows that there are neural mechanisms mediating between the multi-level personal experience we entertain of our lived body, and the implicit certainties we simultaneously hold about others. Such personal and body-related experiential knowledge enables us to understand the actions performed by others, and to directly decode (...)
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  9. What is so Special About Embodied Simulation?Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):512-519.
    Simulation theories of social cognition abound in the literature, but it is often unclear what simulation means and how it works. The discovery of mirror neurons, responding both to action execution and observation, suggested an embodied approach to mental simulation. Over the last years this approach has been hotly debated and alternative accounts have been proposed. We discuss these accounts and argue that they fail to capture the uniqueness of embodied simulation (ES). ES theory provides a unitary account of basic (...)
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  10.  27
    The "Conscious" Dorsal Stream: Embodied Simulation and its Role in Space and Action Conscious Awareness.Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 13.
    The aim of the present article is three-fold. First, it aims to show that perception requires action. This is most evident for some types of visual percept . Second, it aims to show that the distinction of the cortical visual processing into two streams is insufficient and leads to possible misunderstandings on the true nature of perceptual processes. Third, it aims to show that the dorsal stream is not only responsible for the unconscious control of action, but also for the (...)
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  11. Before and Below 'Theory of Mind': Embodied Simulation and the Neural Correlates of Social Cognition.Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1480):659-669.
  12.  12
    Per Proudhon.Arrigo Lampugnani-Nigri - 1970 - Man and World 3 (1):76-101.
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  13. „Mich beunruhigt, dass wir den Glauben an Wahrheit und Rationalität weitgehend aufgelöst haben“: Ein Gespräch mit Vittorio Hösle.Gustav Melichar & Vittorio Hösle - 2020 - Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie 3 (1):91-107.
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  14.  20
    Solving Probabilistic and Statistical Problems: A Matter of Information Structure and Question Form.Vittorio Girotto & Michel Gonzalez - 2001 - Cognition 78 (3):247-276.
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  15. Coronavirus: It Feels Like We Are Sliding Into a Period of Unrest, but Political Philosophy Offers Hope.Vittorio Bufacchi - unknown
     
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  16. All’origine dell’interazione con gli altri: Marina Savi intervista Vittorio Gallese.Marina Savi & Vittorio Gallese - 2009 - la Società Degli Individui 35:115-126.
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  17.  22
    Children’s Understanding of Posterior Probability.Vittorio Girotto & Michel Gonzalez - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):325-344.
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  18.  35
    Ist Husserls Phänomenologie Ein Transzendentaler Idealismus?Vittorio Palma - 2005 - Husserl Studies 21 (3):183-206.
  19. Torture, Terrorism and the State: A Refutation of the Ticking-Bomb Argument.Vittorio Bufacchi & Jean Maria Arrigo - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):355–373.
  20.  40
    The Bodily Self as Power for Action.Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2010 - Neuropsychologia.
    The aim of our paper is to show that there is a sense of body that is enactive in nature and that enables to capture the most primitive sense of self. We will argue that the body is primarily given to us as source or power for action, i.e., as the variety of motor potentialities that define the horizon of the world in which we live, by populating it with things at hand to which we can be directed and with (...)
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  21.  94
    The Inner Sense of Action: Agency and Motor Representations.Vittorio Gallese - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (10):23-40.
    Discusses the possibility of reconciling different articulations of intentionality from a neurobiological perspective. The author analyzes the relationship between agency and representation and how representation is intrinsically related to action control. The author also presents a new account of action, arguing against what is still commonly held as its proper definition, namely the final outcome of a cascade-like process that starts from the analysis of sensory data, incorporates the result of decision processes, and ends up with responses (actions) to externally-or (...)
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  22. Motor Ontology: The Representational Reality of Goals, Actions and Selves.Vittorio Gallese & Thomas Metzinger - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (3):365 – 388.
    The representational dynamics of the brain is a subsymbolic process, and it has to be conceived as an "agent-free" type of dynamical self-organization. However, in generating a coherent internal world-model, the brain decomposes target space in a certain way. In doing so, it defines an "ontology": to have an ontology is to interpret a world. In this paper we argue that the brain, viewed as a representational system aimed at interpreting the world, possesses an ontology too. It decomposes target space (...)
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  23.  19
    Inept Reasoners or Pragmatic Virtuosos? Relevance and the Deontic Selection Task.Vittorio Girotto, Markus Kemmelmeier, Dan Sperber & Jean-Baptiste van der Henst - 2001 - Cognition 81 (2):B69-B76.
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  24.  9
    Embodied Simulation. Its Bearing on Aesthetic Experience and the Dialogue Between Neuroscience and the Humanities.Vittorio Gallese - 2019 - Gestalt Theory 41 (2):113-127.
    Summary Embodied simulation, a basic functional mechanism of our brain, and its neural underpinnings are discussed and connected to intersubjectivity and the reception of human cultural artefacts, like visual arts and film. Embodied simulation provides a unified account of both non-verbal and verbal aspects of interpersonal relations that likely play an important role in shaping not only the self and his/her relation to others, but also shared cultural practices. Embodied simulation sheds new light on aesthetic experience and is proposed as (...)
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  25. The „Shared Manifold‟ Hypothesis: From Mirror Neurons to Empathy.Gallese Vittorio - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):33-50.
  26.  31
    Visions of the body. Embodied simulation and aesthetic experience.Vittorio Gallese - 2017 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 10 (1):41-50.
    The present contribution is mainly intended to illustrate how some recent discoveries in the field of neurosciences have revolutionized our ideas about perception, action and cognition, and how these new neuro-scientific perspectives can shed light on the human relationship to art and aesthetics, in the frame of an approach known as "experimental aesthetics". Experimental aesthetics addresses the problem of artistic images by investigating the brain-body physiological correlates of the aesthetic experience and human creativity, providing a perspective that is complementary, and (...)
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  27.  30
    Truth, Lies and Tweets: A Consensus Theory of Post-Truth.Vittorio Bufacchi - 2021 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 47 (3):347-361.
    This article rejects the received view that Post-Truth is a new, unprecedented political phenomenon. By showing that Truth and Post-Truth share the same genesis, this article will submit the idea of a Consensus Theory of Post-Truth. Part 1 looks at the difference between Post-Truth, lies and bullshit. Part 2 suggests reasons behind the current preoccupation with Post-Truth. Part 3 focuses on Habermas’s influential consensus theory of truth to suggest that truth and Post-Truth have more in common than is generally assumed. (...)
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  28.  30
    Embodied Simulation: Beyond the Expression/Experience Dualism of Emotions.Vittorio Gallese & Fausto Caruana - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (6):397-398.
  29.  17
    Navigation Strategies as Revealed by Error Patterns on the Magic Carpet Test in Children with Cerebral Palsy.Vittorio Belmonti, Alain Berthoz, Giovanni Cioni, Simona Fiori & Andrea Guzzetta - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  30.  30
    Basic Understanding of Posterior Probability.Vittorio Girotto & Stefania Pighin - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  31.  63
    How the Body in Action Shapes the Self.Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (7-8):117-143.
    In the present paper we address the issue of the role of the body in shaping our basic self-awareness. It is generally taken for granted that basic bodily self-awareness has primarily to do with proprioception. Here we challenge this assumption by arguing from both a phenomenological and a neurophysiological point of view that our body is primarily given to us as a manifold of action possibilities that cannot be reduced to any form of proprioceptive awareness. By discussing the notion of (...)
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  32.  1
    Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Among Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Outbreak and Relationships With Expressive Flexibility and Context Sensitivity.Vittorio Lenzo, Maria C. Quattropani, Alberto Sardella, Gabriella Martino & George A. Bonanno - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study aimed at investigating depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among healthcare workers and examine the role of expressive flexibility and context sensitivity as key components of resilience in understanding reported symptoms. We hypothesized a significant and different contribution of resilience components in explaining depression, anxiety, and stress. A total sample of 218 Italian healthcare workers participated in this study through an online survey during the lockdown, consequently to the COVID-19. The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 was used to measure depression, (...)
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  33.  12
    Young Children Do Not Succeed in Choice Tasks That Imply Evaluating Chances.Vittorio Girotto, Laura Fontanari, Michel Gonzalez, Giorgio Vallortigara & Agnès Blaye - 2016 - Cognition 152:32-39.
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  34.  14
    The Effect of Premise Order in Conditional Reasoning: A Test of the Mental Model Theory.Vittorio Girotto, Alberto Mazzocco & Alessandra Tasso - 1997 - Cognition 63 (1):1-28.
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  35.  20
    On the Emergence of Syntactic Structures: Quantifying and Modeling Duality of Patterning.Vittorio Loreto, Pietro Gravino, Vito D. P. Servedio & Francesca Tria - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):469-480.
    The complex organization of syntax in hierarchical structures is one of the core design features of human language. Duality of patterning refers, for instance, to the organization of the meaningful elements in a language at two distinct levels: a combinatorial level, where meaningless forms are combined into meaningful forms; and a compositional level, where meaningful forms are composed into larger lexical units. The question remains wide open regarding how such structures could have emerged. The aim of this paper is to (...)
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  36. Colonialism, Injustice, and Arbitrariness.Vittorio Bufacchi - 2017 - Journal of Social Philosophy 48 (2):197-211.
    The current debate on why colonialism is wrong overlooks what is arguably the most discernible aspect of this particular historical injustice: its exreme violence. Through a critical analysis of the recent contributions by Lea Ypi, Margaret Moore and Laura Valentini, this article argues that the violence inflicted on the victims and survivors of colonialism reveals far more about the nature of this historical injustice than generally assumed. It is the arbitrary nature of the power relations between colonizers and the colonized (...)
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  37.  47
    The Two Sides of Mimesis: Girards Mimetic Theory, Embodied Simulation and Social Identification.Vittorio Gallese - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (4):21-44.
    Crucial in Girard's Mimetic Theory is the notion of mimetic desire, viewed as appropriative mimicry, the main source of aggressiveness and violence characterizing our species. The intrinsic value of the objects of our desire is not as relevant as the fact that the very same objects are the targets of others' desire. One could in principle object against such apparently negative and one-sided view of mankind, in general, and of mimesis, in particular. However, such argument would misrepresent Girard's thought. Girard (...)
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  38.  13
    Conditionals and Probability.Vittorio Girotto & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2010 - In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 103--115.
  39.  31
    The Acting Subject: Toward the Neural Basis of Social Cognition.Vittorio Gallese - 2000 - In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. pp. 325--333.
  40.  9
    Conceivability, Counterfactual Thinking and Philosophical Exceptionality of Modal Knowledge.Vittorio Morato - 2019 - Topoi 38 (4):821-833.
    According to Williamson, our knowledge of metaphysical necessities and possibilities is just a “special case” of our knowledge of counterfactual conditionals. This subsumption of modal under counterfactual thinking mainly serves a methodological role: to sign the end of “philosophical exceptionalism” in modal epistemology, namely the view that our knowledge of metaphysical modalities is obtained by means of a special, dedicated, possibly a priori, capacity. In this paper, I show that a counterfactual approach to modal epistemology is structurally similar to more (...)
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  41. Motion, Emotion and Empathy in Esthetic Experience.David Freedberg & Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (5):197-203.
  42.  21
    Althusser lecteur de Gramsci.Vittorio Morfino - 2015 - Actuel Marx 57 (1):62.
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  43.  71
    Spinoza: An Ontology of Relation?Vittorio Morfino - 2006 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 27 (1):103-127.
    For more than a century after its appearance on the modern philosophical scene, Spinoza’s philosophy was considered surprising and even scandalous for its assertion of the oneness or singularity of substance. From Bayle’s early Dictionary article to Hegel’s Lectures on the History of Philosophy, the core of Spinoza’s philosophy was said to be its unprecedented gesture of making God the sole res that could be thought through the concept of substance. Substance, according to definition 3 of part I of the (...)
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  44.  5
    Conceivability, Counterfactual Thinking and Philosophical Exceptionality of Modal Knowledge.Vittorio Morato - 2019 - Topoi 38 (4):821-833.
    According to Williamson, our knowledge of metaphysical necessities and possibilities is just a “special case” of our knowledge of counterfactual conditionals. This subsumption of modal under counterfactual thinking mainly serves a methodological role: to sign the end of “philosophical exceptionalism” in modal epistemology, namely the view that our knowledge of metaphysical modalities is obtained by means of a special, dedicated, possibly a priori, capacity. In this paper, I show that a counterfactual approach to modal epistemology is structurally similar to more (...)
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  45. The Emergence of a Shared Action Ontology: Building Blocks for a Theory.Thomas Metzinger & Vittorio Gallese - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):549-571.
    To have an ontology is to interpret a world. In this paper we argue that the brain, viewed as a representational system aimed at interpreting our world, possesses an ontology too. It creates primitives and makes existence assumptions. It decomposes target space in a way that exhibits a certain invariance, which in turn is functionally significant. We will investigate which are the functional regularities guiding this decomposition process, by answering to the following questions: What are the explicit and implicit assumptions (...)
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  46.  29
    Neuroscience and Phenomenology.Vittorio Gallese - 2011 - Phenomenology and Mind 1:34-47.
  47.  44
    Cognitive Continuity in Primate Social Cognition.Vittorio Gallese & Maria Alessandra Umiltà - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):25-30.
  48.  23
    On Étienne Balibar’s ‘Philosophies of the Transindividual’.Vittorio Morfino - 2018 - Australasian Philosophical Review 2 (1):84-93.
    The article considers some explicit or implicit and yet fundamental references to Althusser in Balibar’s text about transindividuality. Of particular significance is the attempt to think of an articulation of ideology and the unconscious which brings into play the three authors Balibar evokes—Spinoza, Marx, and Freud—so as to reactivate them beyond Simondon’s own theory of transindividuality.
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  49.  19
    Victims, Their Stories, and Our Rights.Vittorio Bufacchi - 2018 - Metaphilosophy 49 (1-2):3-12.
    Diana Meyers argues that breaking the silence of victims and attending to their stories are necessary steps towards realizing human rights. Yet using highly personal victims' stories to promote human rights raises significant moral concerns, hence Meyers suggests that before victims' stories can be accessed and used, it is morally imperative that requirements of informed consent and non-retraumatization are secured. This article argues that while Meyers' proviso is important, and necessary, it may not be sufficient. First, one potential problem with (...)
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  50.  23
    The Syntax of Violence. Between Hegel and Marx.Vittorio Morfino - 2009 - Historical Materialism 17 (3):81-100.
    The Marxian Thesis about the role of violence in History, as it is enunciated in The Capital, is investigated through an analysis of the Hegelian character of its syntax, and the way Engels develops it; a non-teleological interpretation of the thesis is then defended, one that understands that violence presents a plurality of forms, a pervasive character and a heavy materiality.Trata-se de investigar a tese marxiana acerca do papel da violência na história, tal como enunciada em O Capital, analisando sua (...)
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