Results for 'Vivian Berger'

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  1.  38
    Review Essay/Not so Simple Rape.Vivian Berger - 1988 - Criminal Justice Ethics 7 (1):69-81.
    Susan Estrich, Real Rape Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1987, 160 pp.
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  2.  22
    Review Essay / Defending Sexual Autonomy.Vivian Berger - 2001 - Criminal Justice Ethics 20 (1):45-52.
    Stephen J. Schulhofer, Unwanted Sex: The Culture of Intimidation and the Failure of Law Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998, xii + 284 pp.
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  3.  17
    Entretien Avec Anne-Emmanuelle BERGER.Anne-Emmanuelle Berger & Isabelle Alfandary - 2019 - Rue Descartes 1:58.
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  4.  71
    Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger (Eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics, Foreword by Harold Shapiro.Zackary Berger - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (3):211-215.
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  5.  26
    Martinus Anglicus (dictus Bilond?), Tractatus de suppositione. Einleitung und Text von Harald Berger.Harald Berger - 2007 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 12 (1):157-173.
    L. M. de Rijk supposed in 1982 that two anonymous logical tracts in the Viennese Codex 4698, fol. 18r-27v, may be the work of Martinus Anglicus to whom a tract on consequences and one on obligations are ascribed in that codex. The tract on supposition of which the Viennese codex hands down only a fragment of the beginning is contained completely in Hs I 613 of the Stadtbibliothek Mainz, fol. 20vb-21vb. This finding ensures the authorship of Martinus Anglicus and allows (...)
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  6.  19
    André Berger, de la Théorie Astronomique au Réchauffement Global Et au Développement Durable.André Berger, Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu & Claude Millier - 2012 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 20 (3):343-352.
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  7.  19
    Dictionnaire des Auteurs Grecs Et Latins de l'Antiquité Et du Moyen Age. By Buchwald, Hohlweg and PrinzTr and Rev. By Berger and Billen. Turnhout : Brepols, 1991. Pp. Xxiii + 897. Fr.B. 1840. [REVIEW]Robert Browning, W. Buchwald, A. Hohlweg, O. Prinz, J. -D. Berger & J. Billen - 1993 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 113:236-236.
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  8.  10
    Martinus Anglicus, Tractatus de Suppositione. Einleitung Und Text von Harald Berger.Harald Berger - 2007 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 12:157-173.
    L. M. de Rijk supposed in 1982 that two anonymous logical tracts in the Viennese Codex 4698, fol. 18r-27v, may be the work of Martinus Anglicus to whom a tract on consequences and one on obligations are ascribed in that codex. The tract on supposition of which the Viennese codex hands down only a fragment of the beginning is contained completely in Hs I 613 of the Stadtbibliothek Mainz, fol. 20vb-21vb. This finding ensures the authorship of Martinus Anglicus and allows (...)
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  9.  7
    Gaston Berger.Gaston Berger - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 4:418-421.
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  10.  10
    Terms and Truth, Reference Direct and Anaphoric.Alan Berger - 2002 - Bradford.
    In this book, Alan Berger further develops the new theory of reference -- as formulated by Kripke and Putnam -- applying it in novel ways to many philosophical problems concerning reference and existence. Berger argues that his notion of anaphoric background condition and anaphoric links within a linguistic community are crucial not only to a theory of reference, but to the analysis of these problems as well. The book is organized in three parts. In part I, Berger (...)
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  11.  40
    Saul Kripke.Alan Berger (ed.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction Alan Berger; Part I. Naming, Necessity, Identity, and A Priority: 1. Kripke on proper and general names Bernard Linsky; 2. Kripke on vacuous names and names in fiction Nathan Salmon; 3. Kripke on epistemic and modal possibility: two routes to the necessary a posteriori Scott Soames; 4. Possible world semantics and its philosophic foundations Robert Stalnaker; Part II. Formal Semantics, Truth, Philosophy of Math, and Philosophy of Logic: 5. Kripke models for modal logic and (...)
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  12.  18
    Total Sets and Objects in Domain Theory.Ulrich Berger - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 60 (2):91-117.
    Berger, U., Total sets and objects in domain theory, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 60 91-117. Total sets and objects generalizing total functions are introduced into the theory of effective domains of Scott and Ersov. Using these notions Kreisel's Density Theorem and the Theorem of Kreisel-Lacombe-Shoenfield are generalized. As an immediate consequence we obtain the well-known continuity of computable functions on the constructive reals as well as a domain-theoretic characterization of the Heriditarily Effective Operations.
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  13.  18
    Symposium: Does Cross-Cultural Philosophy Stand in Need of a Hermeneutic Expansion?Douglas L. Berger, Hans-Georg Moeller, A. Raghuramaraju & Paul A. Roth - 2017 - Journal of World Philosophies 2 (1).
    Does cross-cultural philosophy stand in need of a hermeneutical expansion? In engaging with this question, the symposium focuses upon methodological issues salient to cross-cultural inquiry. Douglas L. Berger lays out the ground for the debate by arguing for a methodological approach, which is able to rectify the discipline’s colonial legacies and bridge the hermeneutical distance with its objects of study. From their own perspectives, Hans-Georg Moeller, Paul Roth and A. Raghuramaraju analyze whether such a processual and hermeneutically-sensitive approach can (...)
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  14.  31
    Demenageries: Thinking (of) Animals After Derrida.Anne-Emmanuelle Berger & Marta Segarra (eds.) - 2011 - Rodopi.
    Thoughtprints Anne E. Berger andMarta Segarra I admit to it in the name of autobiography and in order to confide in you the following: [...] I have a particularly animalist perception and interpretation of what I do, think, write, live, ...
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  15.  33
    Evaluation of Medication Errors Via a Computerized Physician Order Entry System in an Inpatient Renal Transplant Unit.K. Marfo, D. Garcia, S. Khalique, K. Berger & A. Lu - 2011 - Transplant Research and Risk Management 2011.
    Kwaku Marfo, Danielle Garcia, Saira Khalique, Karen Berger, Amy LuMontefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USABackground: Medication errors are a prime concern for all in healthcare. As such the use of information technologies in drug prescribing and administration has received considerable attention in recent years, with the hope of improving patient safety. Because of the complexity of drug regimens in renal transplant patients, occurrence of medication errors is inevitable even with a well adopted computerized physician order entering system. Our objective (...)
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  16.  78
    A Theory of Art.Karol Berger - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    What, if anything, has art to do with the rest of our lives, and in particular with those ethical and political issues that matter to us most? Will art created today be likely to play a role in our lives as profound as that of the best art of the past? A Theory of Art shifts the focus of aesthetics from the traditional debate of "what is art?" to the engaging question of "what is art for?" Skillfully describing the social (...)
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  17. Beyond Reason: Wagner Contra Nietzsche.Karol Berger - 2016 - University of California Press.
    _Beyond Reason_ relates Wagner’s works to the philosophical and cultural ideas of his time, centering on the four music dramas he created in the second half of his career:_ Der Ring des Nibelungen_, _Tristan und Isolde_, _Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg_, and _Parsifal_. Karol Berger seeks to penetrate the “secret” of large-scale form in Wagner’s music dramas and to answer those critics, most prominently Nietzsche, who condemned Wagner for his putative inability to weld small expressive gestures into larger wholes. Organized (...)
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  18.  6
    Language and the Ineffable: A Developmental Perspective and its Applications.Louis S. Berger - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    The prevailing conception of language is often called "the received view." Though ubiquitous, Louis S. Berger demonstrates its flaws and the difficulties it raises for other disciplines, such as philosophy and physics. In Language and the Ineffable, Berger develops an unconventional model of human development: ontogenesis. A radical and generative feature of the model is the premise that the neonate's world is holistic, boundary-less, unimaginable, and impossible to describe; in other words, ineffable. This study unsettles the foundations of (...)
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  19. Making Sense of Medicine: Bridging the Gap Between Doctor Guidelines and Patient Preferences.Zackary Berger - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    The more we know about medicine, the more we realize that many health questions have no one true answer. Realizing this, and thinking carefully about how medicine asks patients to treat their conditions, leads us to some questions. How reliable are the guidelines that might form the basis of doctors’ advice? Is it wrong, after all, to base an approach to medicine on patients’ preferences? And, given that there is often a distance between the treatment a doctor advises and what (...)
     
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  20. Money Talks: In Therapy, Society, and Life.Brenda Berger & Stephanie Newman (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    Sometimes referred to as "the last taboo," money has remained something of a secret within psychoanalysis. Ironically, while it is an ingredient in almost every encounter between analyst and patient, the analyst's personal feelings about money are rarely discussed openly or in any great depth. So what is it about money that relegates it to the background, both on the couch and off? In _Money Talks_, Brenda Berger, Stephanie Newman, and their excellent cast of contributors address this and other (...)
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  21. Psychoanalytic Theory and Clinical Relevance: What Makes a Theory Consequential for Practice?Louis S. Berger - 1985 - Routledge.
    In this provocative contribution to both psychoanalytic theory and the philosophy of science, Louis Berger grapples with the nature of "consequential" theorizing, i.e., theorizing that is relevant to what transpires in clinical practice. By examining analysis as a genre of "state process formalism" - the standard format of scientific theories - Berger demonstrates why contemporary theorizing inevitably fails to explain crucial aspects of practice. His critique, in this respect, pertains both to the formal structure of psychoanalytic explanation and (...)
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  22. Theorizing Tourism: Analyzing Iconic Destinations.Arthur Asa Berger - 2012 - Left Coast Press.
    A useful introduction to the critical study of tourism, this brief text applies semiotics and cultural theory to deal with some of our most iconic global destinations. It offers accessible analyses of 18 famous tourist locations from the Taj Mahal to Red Square, and from the Eiffel Tower to Antarctica. Written in Berger’s friendly style, it allows students to critically examine the political, cultural and economic significance these locales and understand their importance to tourism. Study questions add more pedagogical (...)
     
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  23. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge.Peter Berger & Thomas Luckmann - 1966 - Anchor Books.
    This book reformulates the sociological subdiscipline known as the sociology of knowledge. Knowledge is presented as more than ideology, including as well false consciousness, propaganda, science and art.
     
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  24. Consciousness is Not a Property of States: A Reply to Wilberg.Jacob Berger - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (6):829-842.
    According to Rosenthal's higher-order thought (HOT) theory of consciousness, one is in a conscious mental state if and only if one is aware of oneself as being in that state via a suitable HOT. Several critics have argued that the possibility of so-called targetless HOTs?that is, HOTs that represent one as being in a state that does not exist?undermines the theory. Recently, Wilberg (2010) has argued that HOT theory can offer a straightforward account of such cases: since consciousness is a (...)
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  25.  66
    Scientific Networks on Data Landscapes: Question Difficulty, Epistemic Success, and Convergence.Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, Steven Fisher, Aaron Bramson, William J. Berger, Christopher Reade, Carissa Flocken & Adam Sales - 2013 - Episteme 10 (4):441-464.
    A scientific community can be modeled as a collection of epistemic agents attempting to answer questions, in part by communicating about their hypotheses and results. We can treat the pathways of scientific communication as a network. When we do, it becomes clear that the interaction between the structure of the network and the nature of the question under investigation affects epistemic desiderata, including accuracy and speed to community consensus. Here we build on previous work, both our own and others’, in (...)
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  26.  30
    Undergraduate Student Attitudes About Hypothetical Marketing Dilemmas.Carl Malinowski & Karen A. Berger - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):525 - 535.
    This study investigated the attitudinal responses of 403 undergraduate students with respect to nine hypothetical marketing moral dilemmas. Participants varied by gender, major, and age.It was found that undergraduate women responded more ethically on the hypothetical marketing moral dilemmas, as hypothesized. Secondly, chosen major did not make a difference on cognitive, affective, or behavioral responses. Further, the overall means for each scenario were in the morally correct direction in every case. Also, all intercorrelations for each story were significant. Finally, whenever (...)
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  27. Thinking in Transition: Nishida Kitaro and Martin Heidegger.Elmar Weinmayr, tr Krummel, John W. M. & Douglas Ltr Berger - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (2):232-256.
    : Two major philosophers of the twentieth century, the German existential phenomenologist Martin Heidegger and the seminal Japanese Kyoto School philosopher Nishida Kitarō are examined here in an attempt to discern to what extent their ideas may converge. Both are viewed as expressing, each through the lens of his own tradition, a world in transition with the rise of modernity in the West and its subsequent globalization. The popularity of Heidegger's thought among Japanese philosophers, despite its own admitted limitation to (...)
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  28. Gratitude.Fred R. Berger - 1975 - Ethics 85 (4):298-309.
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  29.  34
    Multiple Facets of Compassion: The Impact of Social Dominance Orientation and Economic Systems Justification.YanYan Zhou, Rony Berger, Ting-Ting Shiue, Philip Zimbardo, James Doty, Tim Rossomando, Yotam Heineberg, Emma Seppala & Daniel Martin - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 129 (1):237-249.
    Business students appear predisposed to select disciplines consistent with pre-existing worldviews. These disciplines then further reinforce the worldviews which may not always be adaptive. For example, high levels of Social Dominance Orientation is a trait often found in business school students :691–721, 1991). SDO is a competitive and hierarchical worldview and belief-system that ascribes people to higher or lower social rankings. While research suggests that high levels of SDO may be linked to lower levels of empathy, research has not established (...)
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  30.  74
    Mental States, Conscious and Nonconscious.Jacob Berger - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (6):392-401.
    I discuss here the nature of nonconscious mental states and the ways in which they may differ from their conscious counterparts. I first survey reasons to think that mental states can and often do occur without being conscious. Then, insofar as the nature of nonconscious mentality depends on how we understand the nature of consciousness, I review some of the major theories of consciousness and explore what restrictions they may place on the kinds of states that can occur nonconsciously. I (...)
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  31.  76
    Rethinking Guidelines for the Use of Palliative Sedation.Jeffrey T. Berger - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (3):32-38.
  32.  70
    The Sensory Content of Perceptual Experience.Jacob Berger - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (4):446-468.
    According to a traditional view, perceptual experiences are composites of distinct sensory and cognitive components. This dual-component theory has many benefits; in particular, it purports to offer a way forward in the debate over what kinds of properties perceptual experiences represent. On this kind of view, the issue reduces to the questions of what the sensory and cognitive components respectively represent. Here, I focus on the former topic. I propose a theory of the contents of the sensory aspects of perceptual (...)
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  33. Virtue, Situationism, and the Cognitive Value of Art.Jacob Berger & Mark Alfano - 2016 - The Monist 99 (2):144-158.
    Virtue-based moral cognitivism holds that at least some of the value of some art consists in conveying knowledge about the nature of virtue and vice. We explore here a challenge to this view, which extends the so-called situationist challenge to virtue ethics. Evidence from social psychology indicates that individuals’ behavior is often susceptible to trivial and normatively irrelevant situational influences. This evidence not only challenges approaches to ethics that emphasize the role of virtue but also undermines versions of moral cognitivism, (...)
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  34.  23
    Biotechnology and the New Right: Neoconservatism's Red Menace.Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):7 – 13.
    Although the neoconservative movement has come to dominate American conservatism, this movement has its origins in the old Marxist Left. Communists in their younger days, as the founders of neoconservatism, inverted Marxist doctrine by arguing that moral values and not economic forces were the primary movers of history. Yet the neoconservative critique of biotechnology still borrows heavily from Karl Marx and owes more to the German philosopher Martin Heidegger than to the Scottish philosopher and political economist Adam Smith. Loath to (...)
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  35.  54
    Is Best Interests a Relevant Decision Making Standard for Enrolling Non-Capacitated Subjects Into Clinical Research?Jeffrey T. Berger - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):45-49.
    The ‘best interests’ decision making standard is used in clinical care to make necessary health decisions for non-capacitated individuals for whom neither explicit nor inferred wishes are known. It has been also widely acknowledged as a basis for enrolling some non-capacitated adults into clinical research such as emergency, critical care, and dementia research. However, the best interests standard requires that choices provide the highest net benefit of available options, and clinical research rarely meets this criterion. In the context of modern (...)
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  36. A Rumor of Angels.Peter L. Berger - 1970 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 1 (1):55-58.
     
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  37. Happiness, Justice and Freedom: The Moral & Political Philosophy of John Stuart Mill.Fred R. Berger - 1986 - Noûs 20 (1):81-83.
  38. Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects of Brain-Implants Using Nano-Scale Materials and Techniques.Francois Berger, Sjef Gevers, Ludwig Siep & Klaus-Michael Weltring - 2008 - NanoEthics 2 (3):241-249.
    Nanotechnology is an important platform technology which will add new features like improved biocompatibility, smaller size, and more sophisticated electronics to neuro-implants improving their therapeutic potential. Especially in view of possible advantages for patients, research and development of nanotechnologically improved neuro implants is a moral obligation. However, the development of brain implants by itself touches many ethical, social and legal issues, which also apply in a specific way to devices enabled or improved by nanotechnology. For researchers developing nanotechnology such issues (...)
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  39.  38
    Kant's Aesthetic Theory: The Beautiful and Agreeable.David Berger - 2009 - Continuum.
    The twofold conception of taste -- The beautiful and the agreeable -- Sensations and interests -- Some varieties of normativity.
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  40.  36
    Brouwer's Fan Theorem and Unique Existence in Constructive Analysis.Josef Berger & Hajime Ishihara - 2005 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (4):360-364.
    Many existence propositions in constructive analysis are implied by the lesser limited principle of omniscience LLPO; sometimes one can even show equivalence. It was discovered recently that some existence propositions are equivalent to Bouwer's fan theorem FAN if one additionally assumes that there exists at most one object with the desired property. We are providing a list of conditions being equivalent to FAN, such as a unique version of weak König's lemma. This illuminates the relation between FAN and LLPO. Furthermore, (...)
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  41.  35
    Responsible Leadership for Multinational Enterprises in Bottom of Pyramid Countries: The Knowledge of Local Managers. [REVIEW]Ron Berger, Chong Ju Choi & Jai Boem Kim - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (4):553-561.
    The gulf between multinational enterprises’ focus on high income countries and the reality of 80% of the world living in developing, bottom of pyramid (Hahn, J Bus Ethics 84:313–324, 2009 ) economies could magnify the anti-globalisation movement and political backlashes in the twenty-first century. The global financial crisis of 2008 and 2009 has increased such social tensions throughout the world and creates greater challenges for, responsible leadership. In this conceptual article, the authors analyse the value and identity of local managers, (...)
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  42.  90
    Acquiring Emptiness: Interpreting Nāgārjuna's Mmk 24:18.Douglas L. Berger - 2010 - Philosophy East and West 60 (1):pp. 40-64.
    A pivotal focus of exegesis of Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārïkā (MMK) for the past half century has been the attempt to decipher the text's philosophy of language, and determine how this best aids us in characterizing Madhyamaka thought as a whole. In this vein, MMK 24:18 has been judged of particular weight insofar as it purportedly insists that the concepts pratītyasamutpāda (conditioned co-arising) and śūnyatā (emptiness), both indispensable to Buddhist praxis, are themselves only "nominal" or "conventional," that is, they are merely labels (...)
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  43. Theory and Formalization: Some Reflections on Experience.Joseph Berger - 2000 - Sociological Theory 18 (3):482-489.
    I describe in this paper some of my efforts in developing formal theories of social processes. These include work on models of occupational mobility, on models to describe the emergence of expectations out of performance evaluations, and on the graph theory formulation of the Status Characteristics theory. Not all models have been equally significant in developing theory. However, the graph theory formulation has played a central role in the growth of the Expectation States program. It has been involved in the (...)
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  44. Marriage and the Construction of Reality: An Exercise in the Microsociology of Knowledge.P. Berger & H. Kellner - 1964 - Diogenes 12 (46):1-24.
  45.  65
    Reification and the Sociological Critique of Consciousness.Peter Berger & Stanley Pullberg - 1965 - History and Theory 4 (2):196-211.
    Society is a dialectical process: men produce society, which in turn produces them. Certain Marxist categories are especially useful for the sociology of knowledge, dealing with the relation between consciousness and society. Social structure is nothing but the result of human enterprise. Alienation-rupture between producer and product-leads to a false consciousness in neglecting the productive process. Reification, historically recurrent though not anthropologically necessary, while bestowing ontological status on social roles and institutions only sees society as producing men. Certain social conditions (...)
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  46.  4
    Did I Read or Did I Name? Diminished Awareness of Processes Yielding Identical ‘Outputs’.Tanaz Molapour, Christopher C. Berger & Ezequiel Morsella - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1776-1780.
  47. The Heretical Imperative: Contemporary Possibilities of Religious Affirmation.Peter L. Berger & Thomas Luckmann - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (1):109-120.
  48. Understanding Science: Why Causes Are Not Enough.Ruth Berger - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):306-332.
    This paper is an empirical critique of causal accounts of scientific explanation. Drawing on explanations which rely on nonlinear dynamical modeling, I argue that the requirement of causal relevance is both too strong and too weak to be constitutive of scientific explanation. In addition, causal accounts obscure how the process of mathematical modeling produces explanatory information. I advance three arguments for the inadequacy of causal accounts. First, I argue that explanatorily relevant information is not always information about causes, even in (...)
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  49.  24
    Understanding Communication to Repair Difficult Patient–Doctor Relationships From Within.Zackary Berger - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (5):15-16.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 5, Page 15-16, May 2012.
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  50.  11
    Refined Program Extraction From Classical Proofs.Ulrich Berger, Wilfried Buchholz & Helmut Schwichtenberg - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 114 (1-3):3-25.
    The paper presents a refined method of extracting reasonable and sometimes unexpected programs from classical proofs of formulas of the form ∀x∃yB . We also generalize previously known results, since B no longer needs to be quantifier-free, but only has to belong to a strictly larger class of so-called “goal formulas”. Furthermore we allow unproven lemmas D in the proof of ∀x∃yB , where D is a so-called “definite” formula.
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