Results for 'Volker Dieringer'

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  1.  51
    Was erkennt die praktische Vernunft? Zu Kants Begriff des Guten in der Kritik der praktischen Vernunft.Volker Dieringer - 2002 - Kant Studien 93 (2):137-157.
  2. Is a Jamesian Wager the only safe bet? On Jeff Jordan's new book on Pascal's Wager.Volker Dieringer - 2009 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 91 (2):237-247.
    In his new book on Pascal's Wager, Jeff Jordan argues that only the ‘Jamesian’ version of the wager argument, as he sees it presented in William James' essay The Will to Believe , constitutes a sound pragmatic argument in favour of theism, whereas Pascal's original wager argument is doomed to fail on various grounds. This article argues that Jordan's theory is untenable. The many-gods objection is used as an example: it is demonstrated that the Jamesian Wager argument too is powerless (...)
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  3. Volker Dieringer. Kant’s Solution to the Problem of Theodicy. A Reconstruction. [Kants Lösung des Theodizeeproblems. Eine Rekonstruktion.] Frommann-Holzboog, 2009. [REVIEW]Christian Hengstermann - 2010 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (1):209--214.
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  4. Axiomatizing Kripke’s Theory of Truth.Volker Halbach & Leon Horsten - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (2):677 - 712.
    We investigate axiomatizations of Kripke's theory of truth based on the Strong Kleene evaluation scheme for treating sentences lacking a truth value. Feferman's axiomatization KF formulated in classical logic is an indirect approach, because it is not sound with respect to Kripke's semantics in the straightforward sense: only the sentences that can be proved to be true in KF are valid in Kripke's partial models. Reinhardt proposed to focus just on the sentences that can be proved to be true in (...)
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  5.  34
    Axiomatic Theories of Truth.Volker Halbach - 2010 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    At the centre of the traditional discussion of truth is the question of how truth is defined. Recent research, especially with the development of deflationist accounts of truth, has tended to take truth as an undefined primitive notion governed by axioms, while the liar paradox and cognate paradoxes pose problems for certain seemingly natural axioms for truth. In this book, Volker Halbach examines the most important axiomatizations of truth, explores their properties and shows how the logical results impinge on (...)
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  6. Disquotationalism and infinite conjunctions.Volker Halbach - 1999 - Mind 108 (429):1-22.
    According to the disquotationalist theory of truth, the Tarskian equivalences, conceived as axioms, yield all there is to say about truth. Several authors have claimed that the expression of infinite conjunctions and disjunctions is the only purpose of the disquotationalist truth predicate. The way in which infinite conjunctions can be expressed by an axiomatized truth predicate is explored and it is considered whether the disquotationalist truth predicate is adequate for this purpose.
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  7.  33
    Neuroscience and Education: Blind Spots in a Strange Relationship.Volker Kraft - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (3):386-396.
    This article—mainly referring to the situation in Germany—consists of three parts. In a first section the current presence of neurosciences in the public discourse will be described in order to illuminate the background which is relevant for contemporary educational thinking. The prefix ‘neuro-’ is ubiquitous today and therefore concepts like ‘neuropedagogy’ or ‘neurodidactics’ seem to be in the mainstream of modern thinking. In the second part of the article the perspective changes from the public discourse to the disciplinary discourse; a (...)
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  8. Possible-worlds semantics for modal notions conceived as predicates.Volker Halbach, Hannes Leitgeb & Philip Welch - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (2):179-223.
    If □ is conceived as an operator, i.e., an expression that gives applied to a formula another formula, the expressive power of the language is severely restricted when compared to a language where □ is conceived as a predicate, i.e., an expression that yields a formula if it is applied to a term. This consideration favours the predicate approach. The predicate view, however, is threatened mainly by two problems: Some obvious predicate systems are inconsistent, and possible-worlds semantics for predicates of (...)
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  9.  92
    Case and Series: Medical Knowledge and Paper Technology, 1600–1900.Volker Hess & J. Andrew Mendelsohn - 2010 - History of Science 48 (3-4):3-4.
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  10.  17
    Volker H. Schmidt, Bedingte Gerechtigkeit. Soziologische Analysen und philosophische Theorien. [REVIEW]Volker H. Schmidt - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (3):305-310.
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  11.  15
    Transdisciplinary Sustainability Research in Practice: Between Imaginaries of Collective Experimentation and Entrenched Academic Value Orders.Thomas Völker, Andrea Schikowitz, Judith Igelsböck & Ulrike Felt - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (4):732-761.
    Over the past decades, we have witnessed calls for greater transdisciplinary engagement between scientific and societal actors to develop more robust answers to complex societal challenges. Although there seems to be agreement that these approaches might nurture innovations of a new kind, we know little regarding the research practices, their potential, and the limitations. To fill this gap, this article investigates a funding scheme in the area of transdisciplinary sustainability research. It offers a detailed analysis of the imaginaries and expectations (...)
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  12.  98
    Calculus ratiocinator versus characteristica universalis? The two traditions in logic, revisited.Volker Peckhaus - 2004 - History and Philosophy of Logic 25 (1):3-14.
    It is a commonplace that in the development of modern logic towards its actual shape at least two directions or traditions have to be distinguished. These traditions may be called, following the mo...
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  13. Reducing compositional to disquotational truth.Volker Halbach - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (4):786-798.
    Disquotational theories of truth, that is, theories of truth based on the T-sentences or similar equivalences as axioms are often thought to be deductively weak. This view is correct if the truth predicate is allowed to apply only to sentences not containing the truth predicate. By taking a slightly more liberal approach toward the paradoxes, I obtain a disquotational theory of truth that is proof theoretically as strong as compositional theories such as the Kripket probe the compositional axioms.
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  14.  17
    Knowledge and politics: the sociology of knowledge dispute.Volker Meja & Nico Stehr (eds.) - 1990 - New York: Routledge.
  15.  42
    Principles of truth.Volker Halbach & Leon Horsten (eds.) - 2002 - New York: Hänsel-Hohenhausen.
    On the one hand, the concept of truth is a major research subject in analytic philosophy. On the other hand, mathematical logicians have developed sophisticated logical theories of truth and the paradoxes. Recent developments in logical theories of the semantical paradoxes are highly relevant for philosophical research on the notion of truth. And conversely, philosophical guidance is necessary for the development of logical theories of truth and the paradoxes. From this perspective, this volume intends to reflect and promote deeper interaction (...)
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  16. Axiomatic theories of truth.Volker Halbach - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Definitional and axiomatic theories of truth -- Objects of truth -- Tarski -- Truth and set theory -- Technical preliminaries -- Comparing axiomatic theories of truth -- Disquotation -- Classical compositional truth -- Hierarchies -- Typed and type-free theories of truth -- Reasons against typing -- Axioms and rules -- Axioms for type-free truth -- Classical symmetric truth -- Kripke-Feferman -- Axiomatizing Kripke's theory in partial logic -- Grounded truth -- Alternative evaluation schemata -- Disquotation -- Classical logic -- Deflationism (...)
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  17.  23
    A System Of Complete And Consistent Truth.Volker Halbach - 1994 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 35 (3):311-327.
    To the axioms of Peano arithmetic formulated in a language with an additional unary predicate symbol T we add the rules of necessitation φ/Tφ and conecessitation T φ/φ and axioms stating that T commutes with the logical connectives and quantifiers. By a result of McGee this theory is w-inconsistent, but it can be approximated by models obtained by a kind of rule-of-revision semantics. Furthermore we prove that FS is equivalent to a system already studied by Friedman and Sheard and give (...)
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  18.  22
    Paper Technology und Wissensgeschichte.Volker Hess & J. Andrew Mendelsohn - 2013 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 21 (1):1-10.
  19.  14
    Cognitive Predictors of Precautionary Behavior During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Volker Thoma, Leonardo Weiss-Cohen, Petra Filkuková & Peter Ayton - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12:589800.
    The attempts to mitigate the unprecedented health, economic, and social disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic are largely dependent on establishing compliance to behavioral guidelines and rules that reduce the risk of infection. Here, by conducting an online survey that tested participants’ knowledge about the disease and measured demographic, attitudinal, and cognitive variables, we identify predictors of self-reported social distancing and hygiene behavior. To investigate the cognitive processes underlying health-prevention behavior in the pandemic, we co-opted the dual-process model of thinking (...)
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  20. Tarskian and Kripkean truth.Volker Halbach - 1997 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (1):69-80.
    A theory of the transfinite Tarskian hierarchy of languages is outlined and compared to a notion of partial truth by Kripke. It is shown that the hierarchy can be embedded into Kripke's minimal fixed point model. From this results on the expressive power of both approaches are obtained.
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  21.  67
    Truth and reduction.Volker Halbach - 2000 - Erkenntnis 53 (1-2):97-126.
    The proof-theoretic results on axiomatic theories oftruth obtained by different authors in recent years are surveyed.In particular, the theories of truth are related to subsystems ofsecond-order analysis. On the basis of these results, thesuitability of axiomatic theories of truth for ontologicalreduction is evaluated.
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  22. The logic manual.Volker Halbach - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  23.  97
    The pragmatism of Hilbert's programme.Volker Peckhaus - 2003 - Synthese 137 (1-2):141 - 156.
    It is shown that David Hilbert's formalistic approach to axiomaticis accompanied by a certain pragmatism that is compatible with aphilosophical, or, so to say, external foundation of mathematics.Hilbert's foundational programme can thus be seen as areconciliation of Pragmatism and Apriorism. This interpretation iselaborated by discussing two recent positions in the philosophy ofmathematics which are or can be related to Hilbert's axiomaticalprogramme and his formalism. In a first step it is argued that thepragmatism of Hilbert's axiomatic contradicts the opinion thatHilbert style (...)
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  24.  65
    On the Costs of Nonclassical Logic.Volker Halbach & Carlo Nicolai - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (2):227-257.
    Solutions to semantic paradoxes often involve restrictions of classical logic for semantic vocabulary. In the paper we investigate the costs of these restrictions in a model case. In particular, we fix two systems of truth capturing the same conception of truth: of the system KF of Feferman formulated in classical logic, and the system PKF of Halbach and Horsten, formulated in basic De Morgan logic. The classical system is known to be much stronger than the nonclassical one. We assess the (...)
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  25.  69
    Formal Notes on the Substitutional Analysis of Logical Consequence.Volker Halbach - 2020 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 61 (2):317-339.
    Logical consequence in first-order predicate logic is defined substitutionally in set theory augmented with a primitive satisfaction predicate: an argument is defined to be logically valid if and only if there is no substitution instance with true premises and a false conclusion. Substitution instances are permitted to contain parameters. Variants of this definition of logical consequence are given: logical validity can be defined with or without identity as a logical constant, and quantifiers can be relativized in substitution instances or not. (...)
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  26.  41
    Theoretische begriffe und die prüfbarkeit Von theorien.Volker Gadenne - 1985 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 16 (1):19-24.
    Summary The non-statement view of scientific theories contains a new conception of theoreticity: A function is „T-theoretical if T must be presupposed for its calculation. On the basis of this conception some philosophers came to the conclusion that scientific theories are not empirically testable because they contain T-theoretical functions. It is claimed that the attempt to test them ends in a circularity: The test of T presupposes T itself.
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  27.  30
    Refugees welcome: Arrival gifts, reciprocity, and the integration of forced migrants.Volker M. Heins & Christine Unrau - 2018 - Journal of International Political Theory 14 (2):223-239.
    Against competing political theories of the integration of immigrants, we propose to reframe the relationship between the populations of host countries and arriving refugees in terms of a neo-Maussian theory of gift exchange. Using the example of the European refugee crisis of 2015 and the welcoming attitude of significant parts of German civil society, we argue that this particular situation should be understood as epitomizing the trend toward internal transnationalism. Increasingly, the “international” is becoming part and parcel of the “domestic” (...)
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  28. Disquotational Truth and Analyticity.Volker Halbach - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (4):1959-1973.
    The uniform reflection principle for the theory of uniform T-sentences is added to PA. The resulting system is justified on the basis of a disquotationalist theory of truth where the provability predicate is conceived as a special kind of analyticity. The system is equivalent to the system ACA of arithmetical comprehension. If the truth predicate is also allowed to occur in the sentences that are inserted in the T-sentences, yet not in the scope of negation, the system with the reflection (...)
     
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  29.  89
    Critical theory and the traps of conspiracy thinking.Volker Heins - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (7):787-801.
    Historically, blatantly untrue and defamatory conspiracy theories had disastrous consequences for those who were portrayed in them as evil-doers. At the same time, conspiratorial agreements at the expense of the common good between powerful groups in society do exist and have occasionally been uncovered. Against this background, the article describes different ways in which critical theory has looked at conspiracies. First, an attempt is made to show that Max Horkheimer's notes on `rackets' are an ambitious but flawed attempt to theorize (...)
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  30.  26
    Human Rights, Intellectual Property, and Struggles for Recognition.Volker Heins - 2008 - Human Rights Review 9 (2):213-232.
    This article examines recent controversies over the relationship between human rights and intellectual property rights (IPRs). Many activists have claimed that IPRs conflict with human rights. Others have argued that IPRs are themselves human rights. The article approaches the debate as an opportunity to clarify the nature of IPRs in relation to human rights, as well as the nature of contemporary struggles over these rights. After surveying the dual expansion of both human rights and IPRs and rejecting the view that (...)
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  31.  18
    ,Nicht ist irgendeine Behauptung die meine.Volker Beeh - 2010 - In Joachim Bromand & Guido Kreis (eds.), Was Sich Nicht Sagen Lässt: Das Nicht-Begriffliche in Wissenschaft, Kunst Und Religion. Berlin: Akademie Verlag/De Gruyter. pp. 603-622.
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  32.  6
    Politische Lageanalyse: Festschrift für Hans-Joachim Arndt zum 70. Geburtstag am 15. Januar 1993.Volker Beismann & Markus Josef Klein (eds.) - 1993 - Bruchsal: San Casciano Verlag.
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  33.  2
    Ethik in interkultureller Perspektive.Volker Küster - 2018 - In Marcus Held & Michael Roth (eds.), Was Ist Theologische Ethik?: Grundbestimmungen Und Grundvorstellungen. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 289-302.
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  34.  29
    The place of property in the politics of recognition.Volker Heins - 2009 - Constellations 16 (4):579-592.
  35.  8
    Die Funken des Freien Geistes: Neuere Aufsätze Zu Nietzsches Philosophie der Zukunft.Volker Gerhardt - 2011 - De Gruyter.
    The writings of Volker Gerhardt have had substantial influence on recent Nietzsche research. This volume collects a variety of his influential essays and makes them available to scholars and causal readers alike. The present collection takes stock of Nietzsche’s most prominent ideas. Gerhardt investigates which of these ideas still offer solutions for the problems of today. In the process, it becomes clear what sort of inspiration a future-oriented philosophizing can draw from Nietzsche.
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  36. Logik und Mathematik in der Philosophie Leonard Nelsons.Volker Peckhaus - 2011 - In . Lit Verlag. pp. 193-212.
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  37.  94
    The Substitutional Analysis of Logical Consequence.Volker Halbach - 2019 - Noûs 54 (2):431-450.
    A substitutional account of logical validity for formal first‐order languages is developed and defended against competing accounts such as the model‐theoretic definition of validity. Roughly, a substitution instance of a sentence is defined as the result of uniformly substituting nonlogical expressions in the sentence with expressions of the same grammatical category and possibly relativizing quantifiers. In particular, predicate symbols can be replaced with formulae possibly containing additional free variables. A sentence is defined to be logically true iff all its substitution (...)
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  38.  44
    Gift-giving and reciprocity in global society: Introducing Marcel Mauss in international studies.Volker M. Heins, Christine Unrau & Kristine Avram - 2018 - Journal of International Political Theory 14 (2):126-144.
    How do multiple obligations to give, to receive, and to reciprocate contribute to the evolution of international society? This question can be derived from the works of the French anthropologist and sociologist Marcel Mauss, in particular from his classic essay The Gift, published in 1925. The aim of this article is to introduce Mauss’ theory of the gift to international political theorists, to develop a general theoretical argument from his claim about the universality of gift-giving, and to lay out the (...)
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  39.  7
    Eight theories of societalization: Toward a theoretically sustainable concept of society.Volker H. Schmidt - 2020 - European Journal of Social Theory 23 (3):411-430.
    This article critically engages a recent essay Jeffrey Alexander has published on ‘societalization’, whose conceptualization it finds problematic; first, because in contrast to the impression conveyed by the essay, the term itself is anything but new (as shown in a summary of six theories of societalization which precede Alexander’s by decades, in two cases, by more than a century), and, second, because the way Alexander employs the term is highly aporetic, while also being emblematic of much deeper problems that afflict (...)
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  40.  36
    Wittgenstein's Whewell's Court Lectures: Cambridge, 1938 – 1941, from the Notes by Yorick Smythies.Volker A. Munz & Bernhard Ritter (eds.) - 2017 - Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
    Wittgenstein’s Whewell’s Court Lectures contains previously unpublished notes from lectures given by Ludwig Wittgenstein between 1938 and 1941. The volume offers new insight into the development of Wittgenstein’s thought and includes some of the finest examples of Wittgenstein’s lectures in regard to both content and reliability.
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  41. Tarski hierarchies.Volker Halbach - 1995 - Erkenntnis 43 (3):339 - 367.
    The general notions of object- and metalanguage are discussed and as a special case of this relation an arbitrary first order language with an infinite model is expanded by a predicate symbol T0 which is interpreted as truth predicate for . Then the expanded language is again augmented by a new truth predicate T1 for the whole language plus T0. This process is iterated into the transfinite to obtain the Tarskian hierarchy of languages. It is shown that there are natural (...)
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  42.  76
    Conservative theories of classical truth.Volker Halbach - 1999 - Studia Logica 62 (3):353-370.
    Some axiomatic theories of truth and related subsystems of second-order arithmetic are surveyed and shown to be conservative over their respective base theory. In particular, it is shown by purely finitistically means that the theory PA ÷ "there is a satisfaction class" and the theory FS of [2] are conservative over PA.
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  43.  18
    Axiomatische Wahrheitstheorien.Volker Halbach - 1999 - Studia Logica 63 (1):138-140.
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  44.  12
    Beyond Friend and Foe: The Politics of Critical Theory.Volker Heins - 2011 - Brill.
    The book provides a thematic account of the changing political thought of critical theorists from Adorno to Habermas and Honneth. Its purpose is to establish the relevance of this tradition for contemporary political theory and philosophy.
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  45.  28
    Hans‐Walter Schmuhl, Volker Roelcke (Hrsgg.),­ „Heroische Therapien“. Die deutsche Psychiatrie im internationalen Vergleich, 1918–1945, Göttingen: Wallstein 2013. [REVIEW]Volker Hess - 2015 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 38 (2):193-195.
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  46.  17
    Lose Less Instead of Win More: The Failure of Decoupling and Perspectives for Competition in a Degrowth Economy.Volker Mauerhofer - 2013 - Environmental Values 22 (1):43-57.
    This paper aims to provide a comprehensive explanation for the likely failure in the decoupling of economic growth from environmental degradation, and also intends to offer perspectives on the new role of competition in a steady state or a degrowth economy. The analysis is based on five different scenarios, and uses the European Union as an example. It is concluded that we must prepare ourselves for a potential incompatibility between sustainability and economic growth. In this respect one can say that (...)
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  47.  14
    Pro and Contra Hilbert: Zermelo’s Set Theories.Volker Peckhaus - 2005 - Philosophia Scientiae:199-215.
    Les recherches de Zermelo sur la théorie des ensembles et les fon­dements des mathématiques se divisent en deux périodes : de 1901 à 1910 et de 1927 à 1935. Elles s’effectuent en même temps que les deux projets de recherche sur les fondements des mathématiques de David Hilbert et de ses collaborateurs à Göttingen ; durant la première période, Hilbert élaborait son premier programme d’axiomatisation, auquel Zermelo souscrivait totalement. La seconde période correspond au développement du programme formaliste de Hilbert que (...)
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  48.  20
    Case studies towards the establishment of a social history of logic.Volker Peckhaus - 1986 - History and Philosophy of Logic 7 (2):185-186.
    The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)is supporting a research project entitled ?Case studies towards the establishment of a social history of logic? with a grant, initially for two years. The project is being carried out by a team of five members under the direction of Professor Christian Thiel in the Institut für Philosophie and the Interdisziplinäres Institut für Wissenschaftstheorie und Wissenschaftsgeschichte (IIWW) of the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg.
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  49.  63
    Self-Reference in Arithmetic II.Volker Halbach & Albert Visser - 2014 - Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (4):692-712.
    In this sequel toSelf-reference in arithmetic Iwe continue our discussion of the question: What does it mean for a sentence of arithmetic to ascribe to itself a property? We investigate how the properties of the supposedly self-referential sentences depend on the chosen coding, the formulae expressing the properties and the way a fixed point for the expressing formulae are obtained. In this second part we look at some further examples. In particular, we study sentences apparently expressing their Rosser-provability, their own${\rm{\Sigma (...)
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  50.  15
    Review of Claude Lefort: The Political Forms of Modern Society: Bureaucracy, Democracy, Totalitarianism[REVIEW]Volker Gransow - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):845-846.
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