Results for 'Volker H. Hoffmann'

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  1.  53
    Ecology-Driven Real Options: An Investment Framework for Incorporating Uncertainties in the Context of the Natural Environment.Timo Busch & Volker H. Hoffmann - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):295-310.
    The role of uncertainty within an organization’s environment features prominently in the business ethics and management literature, but how corporate investment decisions should proceed in the face of uncertainties relating to the natural environment is less discussed. From the perspective of ecological economics, the salience of ecology-induced issues challenges management to address new types of uncertainties. These pertain to constraints within the natural environment as well as to institutional action aimed at conserving the natural environment. We derive six areas of (...)
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  2.  14
    Modernity and Diversity: Reflections on the Controversy Between Modernization Theory and Multiple Modernists.Volker H. Schmidt - 2010 - Social Science Information 49 (4):511-538.
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  3.  42
    Adaptive Justice: Local Distributive Justice in Sociological Perspective. [REVIEW]Volker H. Schmidt - 1992 - Theory and Society 21 (6):789-816.
  4.  13
    Bounded Justice.Volker H. Schmidt - 1994 - Social Science Information 33 (2):305-333.
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  5.  56
    Action Does Not Resist Visual Illusions.Volker H. Franz - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (11):457-459.
  6.  3
    Bedingte Gerechtigkeit. Soziologische Analysen Und Philosophische Theorien.Volker H. Schmidt - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (3):305-310.
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  7.  12
    Priorisierung auf der Makroebene. Das Gesundheitswesen im Ensemble sozialpolitischer Leistungsbereiche.Volker H. Schmidt - 2010 - Ethik in der Medizin 22 (3):275-288.
    Der Aufsatz widmet sich dem Wohlfahrtseffekt öffentlicher Ausgaben unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Bereiche Gesundheitswesen und Bildungswesen. Ausgangspunkt ist die Feststellung des bemerkenswert geringen Ertrags hoher Aufwendungen für öffentliche Gesundheit, der insbesondere im Vergleich von Ländern mit teils deutlich variierenden Gesundheitsbudgets auffällt. Da das Gesundheitswesen aufgrund der Opportunitätskostenproblematik mit anderen Bereichen sozialpolitischer Sicherheitsgewähr um knappe öffentliche Mittel konkurriert, ist darauf zu achten, dass deren Allokation bestmöglich optimiert wird. Im deutschen Fall mit seinem ungewöhnlich hohen Anteil öffentlicher Gesundheitsausgaben legt das eine Verschiebung (...)
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  8.  19
    Transplant Medicine as Borderline Medicine.Volker H. Schmidt - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (3):319-321.
  9.  25
    Some Equity-Efficiency Trade-Offs in the Provision of Scarce Goods: The Case of Lifesaving Medical Resources.Volker H. Schmidt - 1994 - Journal of Political Philosophy 2 (1):44–66.
  10.  18
    Selection of Recipients for Donor Organs in Transplant Medicine.Volker H. Schmidt - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (1):50 – 74.
    This paper deals with a problem which has received a great deal of attention in the ethical literature, but about which very little is known empirically: the selection of recipients for organs in transplant medicine. Based on a larger study, it is shown how this problem is practically resolved in one European country, Germany. It is demonstrated that most of the criteria used to determine recipients are non-medical in nature, even though they generally tend to be rationalized in medical terms. (...)
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  11. Eight Theories of Societalization: Toward a Theoretically Sustainable Concept of Society.Volker H. Schmidt - 2020 - European Journal of Social Theory 23 (3):411-430.
    This article critically engages a recent essay Jeffrey Alexander has published on ‘societalization’, whose conceptualization it finds problematic; first, because in contrast to the impression conveyed by the essay, the term itself is anything but new, and, second, because the way Alexander employs the term is highly aporetic, while also being emblematic of much deeper problems that afflict the whole discipline. Following a reconstruction of the term’s morphology and the transmutations it underwent during its gradual incorporation into the English language, (...)
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  12. Into the Second Millennium: Modernity at the Beginning of the 21st Century.Volker H. Schmidt - 2007 - In Modernity at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 1--9.
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  13. Modernity at the Beginning of the 21st Century.Volker H. Schmidt (ed.) - 2007 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
     
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  14. One World, One Modernity.Volker H. Schmidt - 2007 - In Modernity at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 205--228.
  15.  17
    Public Health Ethics. Problems and Suggestions.Volker H. Schmidt - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (1):18-26.
    The article concerns itself with normative aspects of public health in light of recent debates. It starts out by introducing a few terminological and conceptual distinctions that set the stage for the subsequent discussion. This is followed by critical remarks on two proposals for developing an adequate public health ethics and the way that the growing health inequalities observed in much of the OECD-world are dealt with in parts of the pertinent literature. The article concludes with a cautionary note on (...)
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  16. Priority Setting at the Macro Level. Health Care in Relation to Other Fields of Social Policy.Volker H. Schmidt - 2010 - Ethik in der Medizin 22 (3):275-288.
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  17.  22
    Verteilungsgerechtigkeit in der Transplantationsmedizin: Was Kann Die Soziologie Beitragen?Distributive Justice in Transplant Medicine: What Can Sociology Contribute?Volker H. Schmidt - 1998 - Ethik in der Medizin 10 (1):5-11.
    Definition of the problem: The article discusses the ways in which sociological analyses can contribute to the problem of a just allocation of scarce donor organs.Arguments: It is argued that this contribution consists primarily in the demonstration of the ethical, rather than medical nature of the problem itself. Only if its ethical nature is acknowledged will it be possible to come to a proper understanding of the several dilemmas involved and to consider adequate means for handling them.
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  18.  21
    Is There a Dynamic Illusion Effect in the Motor System?Volker H. Franz - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):34-35.
    Glover's planning–control model is based on his finding that visual illusions exert a larger effect in early phases than in late phases of a movement. But evidence for this dynamic illusion effect is weak, because: (a) it appears difficult to replicate; (b) Glover overestimates the accuracy of his results; and (c) he seems to underestimate the illusion effect at late phases.
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  19.  28
    Volker H. Schmidt, Bedingte Gerechtigkeit. Soziologische Analysen Und Philosophische Theorien.Albert W. Musschenga - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (3):305-310.
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  20.  24
    H. Hoffmann: Sotades. Symbols of Immortality on Greek Vases. Pp. Xvi + 205, 108 Figs. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997. Cased, £70. ISBN: 0-19-815061-X. [REVIEW]K. W. Arafat - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (2):664-665.
  21.  22
    Farmers and Researchers: How Can Collaborative Advantages Be Created in Participatory Research and Technology Development? [REVIEW]Volker Hoffmann, Kirsten Probst & Anja Christinck - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (3):355-368.
    This article examines differences in the research approaches of farmers and scientists and analyzes how these differences are related to the conditions under which both groups engage in experimental work. Theoretical considerations as well as practical experiences are presented to emphasize the great potential of farmer–researcher collaboration for rural innovation. In the first part of the article, the innovative power of farmer research and experimentation is acknowledged by presenting examples such as crop and animal breeding, development of new production systems, (...)
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  22.  30
    Early Cretan Armour H. Hoffmann: Early Cretan Armorers. Pp. Xv+69; 7 Figs, 57 Plates. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, 1972. Cloth, DM.98. [REVIEW]John Boardman - 1975 - The Classical Review 25 (01):114-115.
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  23.  2
    Volker Michael Strocka – Simon Hoffmann – Gerhard Hiesel, Die Bibliothek von Nysa Am Mäander.Magdalene Söldner - 2015 - Klio 97 (1):391-397.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Klio Jahrgang: 97 Heft: 1 Seiten: 391-397.
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  24.  45
    Reflective Argumentation: A Cognitive Function of Arguing.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (4):365-397.
    Why do we formulate arguments? Usually, things such as persuading opponents, finding consensus, and justifying knowledge are listed as functions of arguments. But arguments can also be used to stimulate reflection on one’s own reasoning. Since this cognitive function of arguments should be important to improve the quality of people’s arguments and reasoning, for learning processes, for coping with “wicked problems,” and for the resolution of conflicts, it deserves to be studied in its own right. This contribution develops first steps (...)
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  25.  66
    How to Get It. Diagrammatic Reasoning as a Tool of Knowledge Development and its Pragmatic Dimension.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):285-305.
    Discussions concerning belief revision, theorydevelopment, and ``creativity'' in philosophy andAI, reveal a growing interest in Peirce'sconcept of abduction. Peirce introducedabduction in an attempt to providetheoretical dignity and clarification to thedifficult problem of knowledge generation. Hewrote that ``An Abduction is Originary inrespect to being the only kind of argumentwhich starts a new idea'' (Peirce, CP 2.26).These discussions, however, led to considerabledebates about the precise way in which Peirce'sabduction can be used to explain knowledgegeneration (cf. Magnani, 1999; Hoffmann, 1999).The crucial question (...)
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  26.  37
    Stimulating Reflection and Self-Correcting Reasoning Through Argument Mapping: Three Approaches.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2018 - Topoi 37 (1):185-199.
    A large body of research in cognitive science differentiates human reasoning into two types: fast, intuitive, and emotional “System 1” thinking, and slower, more reflective “System 2” reasoning. According to this research, human reasoning is by default fast and intuitive, but that means that it is prone to error and biases that cloud our judgments and decision making. To improve the quality of reasoning, critical thinking education should develop strategies to slow it down and to become more reflective. The goal (...)
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  27.  62
    Philosophy of and as Interdisciplinarity.Michael H. G. Hoffmann, Jan C. Schmidt & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1857-1864.
  28. Thomas Sören Hoffmann (Hg.): Hegel als Schlüsseldenker der modernen Welt. Beiträge zur Deutung der" Phänomenologie des Geistes" aus Anlaß ihres 200-Jahr-Jubiläums.Volker Rühle - 2009 - Hegel-Studien 44:185.
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  29.  5
    Consensus Building and Its Epistemic Conditions.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - forthcoming - Topoi:1-14.
    Most of the epistemological debate on disagreement tries to develop standards that describe which actions or beliefs would be rational under specific circumstances in a controversy. To build things on a firm foundation, much work starts from certain idealizations—for example the assumption that parties in a disagreement share all the evidence that is relevant and are equal with regard to their abilities and dispositions. This contribution, by contrast, focuses on a different question and takes a different route. The question is: (...)
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  30.  4
    Maryland’s Experience With the COVID-19 Surge: What Worked, What Didn’T, What Next?H. Gwon, M. Haeri, D. E. Hoffmann, A. Khan, A. Kelmenson, J. F. Kraus, C. Onyegwara, C. Paradissis, G. Povar, J. Schwartz, F. Sheikh & A. J. Tarzian - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):150-152.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 150-152.
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  31.  17
    The Elusive Notion of “Argument Quality”.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2018 - Argumentation 32 (2):213-240.
    We all seem to have a sense of what good and bad arguments are, and there is a long history—focusing on fallacies—of trying to provide objective standards that would allow a clear separation of good and bad arguments. This contribution discusses the limits of attempts to determine the quality of arguments. It begins with defining bad arguments as those that deviate from an established standard of good arguments. Since there are different conceptualizations of “argument”—as controversy, as debate, and as justification—and (...)
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  32.  27
    Facilitating Problem-Based Learning by Means of Collaborative Argument Visualization Software.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Jeremy A. Lingle - 2015 - Teaching Philosophy 38 (4):371-398.
    There is evidence that problem-based learning is an effective approach to teach team and problem-solving skills, but also to acquire content knowledge. However, there is hardly any literature about using PBL in philosophy classes. One problem is that PBL is resource intensive because a facilitator is needed for each group of students to support learning efforts and monitor group dynamics. In order to establish more PBL classes, the question is whether PBL can be provided without the need for facilitators. We (...)
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  33. Analyzing Framing Processes in Conflicts and Communication by Means of Logical Argument Mapping.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2011 - In . Peter Lang.
    The primary goal of this chapter is to present a new method—called Logical Argument Mapping —for the analysis of framing processes as they occur in any communication, but especially in conflicts. I start with a distinction between boundary setting, meaning construction, and sensemaking as three forms or aspects of framing, and argue that crucial for the resolution of frame-based controversies is our ability to deal with those “webs” of mutually supporting beliefs that determine sensemaking processes. Since any analysis of framing (...)
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  34.  36
    Changing Philosophy Through Technology: Complexity and Computer-Supported Collaborative Argument Mapping.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):167-188.
    Technology is not only an object of philosophical reflection but also something that can change this reflection. This paper discusses the potential of computer-supported argument visualization tools for coping with the complexity of philosophical arguments. I will show, in particular, how the interactive and web-based argument mapping software “AGORA-net” can change the practice of philosophical reflection, communication, and collaboration. AGORA-net allows the graphical representation of complex argumentations in logical form and the synchronous and asynchronous collaboration on those “argument maps” on (...)
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  35.  19
    Activity and Sign. Grounding Mathematical Education.Falk Seeger, Johannes Lenard & Michael H. G. Hoffmann (eds.) - 2005 - Springer.
    This volume provides new sources of knowledge based on Michael Otte’s fundamental insight that understanding the problems of mathematics education – how to teach, how to learn, how to communicate, how to do, and how to represent ...
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  36. Learning From People, Things, and Signs.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2007 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 26 (3):185-204.
    Starting from the observation that small children can count more objects than numbers—a phenomenon that I am calling the “lifeworld dependency of cognition”—and an analysis of finger calculation, the paper shows how learning can be explained as the development of cognitive systems. Parts of those systems are not only an individual’s different forms of knowledge and cognitive abilities, but also other people, things, and signs. The paper argues that cognitive systems are first of all semiotic systems since they are dependent (...)
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  37.  21
    Philosophy of Interdisciplinarity. Workshop Report.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Jan C. Schmidt - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (1):169-175.
  38.  18
    The 1903 Classification of Triadic Sign-Relations.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2001 - Digital Encyclopedia of Charles S. Peirce.
  39.  7
    Logical Argument Mapping: A Cognitive-Change-Based Method for Building Common Ground.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2007 - Acm International Conference Proceeding Series; Vol. 280. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Pragmatic Web.
    In this paper, I situate Logical Argument Mapping within.
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  40.  4
    Diagrams as Scaffolds for Creativity.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2010 - Aaai Workshops, North America.
    Based on a typology of five basic forms of abduction, I propose a new definition of abductive insight that empha sizes in particular the inferential structure of a belief system that is able to explain a phenomenon after a new, abductive ly created component has been added to this system or the entire system has been abductively restructured. My thesis is, first, that the argumentative structure of the pursued problem solution guides abductive creativity and, second, that diagrammatic reasoning—if conceptualized according (...)
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  41. De Mixtis Graecae Linguae Dialectis.H. W. S. & Otto Hoffmann - 1888 - American Journal of Philology 9 (4):489.
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  42.  23
    Adapting the Innovation Systems Approach to Agricultural Development in Vietnam: Challenges to the Public Extension Service. [REVIEW]Rupert Friederichsen, Thai Thi Minh, Andreas Neef & Volker Hoffmann - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (4):555-568.
    Competing models of innovation informing agricultural extension, such as transfer of technology, participatory extension and technology development, and innovation systems have been proposed over the last decades. These approaches are often presented as antagonistic or even mutually exclusive. This article shows how practitioners in a rural innovation system draw on different aspects of all three models, while creating a distinct local practice and discourse. We revisit and deepen the critique of Vietnam’s “model” approach to upland rural development, voiced a decade (...)
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  43.  5
    Climate Ethics.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2011 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 25 (1):64.
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  44.  11
    Early Cretan Armorers. [REVIEW]A. M. Snodgrass & H. Hoffmann - 1973 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 93:263-264.
  45.  7
    Weltanschauung und Philosophie im Kampf der Völker Afrikas für Frieden und sozialen Fortschritt.G. Hoffmann - 1987 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 35 (6):558.
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  46. Signs in/of Communication.Wolff-Michael Roth & Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2010 - In . Sense Publishers.
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  47.  12
    Fogg Art Museum. Norbert Schimmel Collection. [REVIEW]B. A. Sparkes & H. Hoffmann - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86:286-287.
  48. Ideen, Wissen und Wahrheit nach Platon. Neuere Monographien.Mischa von Perger & Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 1997 - Philosophische Rundschau 44:113–151.
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  49.  4
    D. Hoffmann, Das spätrömische Bewegungsheer.H. Castritius - 1973 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 66 (1).
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  50. Ernst Hoffmann: Platon. Vierzehn Vorlesungen, gehalten an der Universität Heidelberg im Winter 1946/47. [REVIEW]H. Gauss - 1950 - Studia Philosophica 10:178.
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