Results for 'W. Gary Simpson'

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  1. Human Rights and Legal History Essays in Honour of Brian Simpson.A. W. B. Simpson, Katherine O'donovan & Gerry R. Rubin - 2000
     
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  2. The Link Between Corporate Social and Financial Performance: Evidence From the Banking Industry. [REVIEW]W. Gary Simpson & Theodor Kohers - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 35 (2):97 - 109.
    The purpose of this investigation is to extend earlier research on the relationship between corporate social and financial performance. The unique contribution of the study is the empirical analysis of a sample of companies from the banking industry and the use of Community Reinvestment Act ratings as a social performance measure. The empirical analysis solidly supports the hypothesis that the link between social and financial performance is positive.
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  3.  5
    Fraser MacDonald and Charles W.J. Withers , Geography, Technology and Instruments of Exploration. Farnham: Ashgate, 2015. Pp. 282. ISBN 978-1-4724-3425-8. £63.00. [REVIEW]Thomas Simpson - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Science 49 (3):494-496.
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  4.  51
    Kurt Gödel: Essays for His Centennial.Kurt Gödel, Solomon Feferman, Charles Parsons & Stephen G. Simpson (eds.) - 2010 - Association for Symbolic Logic.
    Machine generated contents note: Part I. General: 1. The Gödel editorial project: a synopsis Solomon Feferman; 2. Future tasks for Gödel scholars John W. Dawson, Jr., and Cheryl A. Dawson; Part II. Proof Theory: 3. Kurt Gödel and the metamathematical tradition Jeremy Avigad; 4. Only two letters: the correspondence between Herbrand and Gödel Wilfried Sieg; 5. Gödel's reformulation of Gentzen's first consistency proof for arithmetic: the no-counter-example interpretation W. W. Tait; 6. Gödel on intuition and on Hilbert's finitism W. W. (...)
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  5. The Philosophy of Trust.Paul Faulkner & Thomas W. Simpson (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
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  6. The Evolution of Human Mating: Trade-Offs and Strategic Pluralism.Steven W. Gangestad & Jeffry A. Simpson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):573-587.
    During human evolutionary history, there were “trade-offs” between expending time and energy on child-rearing and mating, so both men and women evolved conditional mating strategies guided by cues signaling the circumstances. Many short-term matings might be successful for some men; others might try to find and keep a single mate, investing their effort in rearing her offspring. Recent evidence suggests that men with features signaling genetic benefits to offspring should be preferred by women as short-term mates, but there are trade-offs (...)
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  7. What Is Trust?Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (4):550-569.
    Trust is difficult to define. Instead of doing so, I propose that the best way to understand the concept is through a genealogical account. I show how a root notion of trust arises out of some basic features of what it is for humans to live socially, in which we rely on others to act cooperatively. I explore how this concept acquires resonances of hope and threat, and how we analogically apply this in related but different contexts. The genealogical account (...)
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  8. Just War and Robots’ Killings.Thomas W. Simpson & Vincent C. Müller - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):302-22.
    May lethal autonomous weapons systems—‘killer robots ’—be used in war? The majority of writers argue against their use, and those who have argued in favour have done so on a consequentialist basis. We defend the moral permissibility of killer robots, but on the basis of the non-aggregative structure of right assumed by Just War theory. This is necessary because the most important argument against killer robots, the responsibility trilemma proposed by Rob Sparrow, makes the same assumptions. We show that the (...)
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  9. The Philosophy of Trust.Paul Faulkner & Thomas W. Simpson (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
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  10. Evaluating Google as an Epistemic Tool.Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):426-445.
    This article develops a social epistemological analysis of Web-based search engines, addressing the following questions. First, what epistemic functions do search engines perform? Second, what dimensions of assessment are appropriate for the epistemic evaluation of search engines? Third, how well do current search engines perform on these? The article explains why they fulfil the role of a surrogate expert, and proposes three ways of assessing their utility as an epistemic tool—timeliness, authority prioritisation, and objectivity. “Personalisation” is a current trend in (...)
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  11.  12
    Propagation of Partial Randomness.Kojiro Higuchi, W. M. Phillip Hudelson, Stephen G. Simpson & Keita Yokoyama - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (2):742-758.
    Let f be a computable function from finite sequences of 0ʼs and 1ʼs to real numbers. We prove that strong f-randomness implies strong f-randomness relative to a PA-degree. We also prove: if X is strongly f-random and Turing reducible to Y where Y is Martin-Löf random relative to Z, then X is strongly f-random relative to Z. In addition, we prove analogous propagation results for other notions of partial randomness, including non-K-triviality and autocomplexity. We prove that f-randomness relative to a (...)
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  12. Killer Robots: Regulate, Don’T Ban.Vincent C. Müller & Thomas W. Simpson - 2014 - In University of Oxford, Blavatnik School of Government Policy Memo. Blavatnik School of Government. pp. 1-4.
    Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems are here. Technological development will see them become widespread in the near future. This is in a matter of years rather than decades. When the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons meets on 10-14th November 2014, well-considered guidance for a decision on the general policy direction for LAWS is clearly needed. While there is widespread opposition to LAWS—or ‘killer robots’, as they are popularly called—and a growing campaign advocates banning them outright, we argue the opposite. LAWS (...)
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  13. Réguler les robots-tueurs, plutôt que les interdire.Vincent C. Müller & Thomas W. Simpson - 2015 - Multitudes 58 (1):77.
    This is the short version, in French translation by Anne Querrien, of the originally jointly authored paper: Müller, Vincent C., ‘Autonomous killer robots are probably good news’, in Ezio Di Nucci and Filippo Santoni de Sio, Drones and responsibility: Legal, philosophical and socio-technical perspectives on the use of remotely controlled weapons. - - - L’article qui suit présente un nouveau système d’armes fondé sur des robots qui risque d’être prochainement utilisé. À la différence des drones qui sont manoeuvrés à distance (...)
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  14.  35
    Trust, Belief, and the Second-Personal.Thomas W. Simpson - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (3):447-459.
    Cognitivism about trust says that it requires belief that the trusted is trustworthy; non-cognitivism denies this. At stake is how to make sense of the strong but competing intuitions that trust is an attitude that is evaluable both morally and rationally. In proposing that one's respect for another's agency may ground one's trusting beliefs, second-personal accounts provide a way to endorse both intuitions. They focus attention on the way that, in normal situations, it is the person whom I trust. My (...)
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  15.  76
    Trustworthiness and Moral Character.Thomas W. Simpson - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):543-557.
    Why are people trustworthy? I argue for two theses. First, we cannot explain many socially important forms of trustworthiness solely in terms of the instrumentally rational seeking of one’s interests, in response to external sanctions or rewards. A richer psychology is required. So, second, possession of moral character is a plausible explanation of some socially important instances when people are trustworthy. I defend this conclusion against the influential account of trust as ‘encapsulated interest’, given by Russell Hardin, on which most (...)
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  16.  57
    The Impossibility of Republican Freedom.Thomas W. Simpson - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (1):27-53.
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  17.  68
    Bribery in International Business: Whose Problem is It? [REVIEW]Henry W. Lane & Donald G. Simpson - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):35 - 42.
    Bribery is a frequently discussed problem in international business. This article looks at the problem from the North American and from the developing country perspective. It describes and analyses specific cases and highlights recurring patterns of behavior.The article is based on the experiences of the authors who have been promoting business in the developing world. In addition to ethical considerations involved with bribery there are some very practical reasons for not engaging in the practice. There are also real barriers to (...)
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  18.  44
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 3: Issues of Utility and Alternative Approaches in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]Phillips James, Frances Allen, A. Cerullo Michael, Chardavoyne John, S. Decker Hannah, B. First Michael, Ghaemi Nassir, Greenberg Gary, C. Hinderliter Andrew, A. Kinghorn Warren, G. LoBello Steven, B. Martin Elliott, L. Mishara Aaron, Paris Joel, M. Pierre Joseph, W. Pies Ronald, A. Pincus Harold, Porter Douglas, Pouncey Claire, A. Schwartz Michael, Szasz Thomas, C. Wakefield Jerome, G. Waterman, Whooley Owen & Zachar Peter - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:9-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  19.  33
    E-Trust and Reputation.Thomas W. Simpson - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (1):29-38.
    Trust online can be a hazardous affair; many are trustworthy, but some people use the anonymity of the web to behave very badly indeed. So how can we improve the quality of evidence for trustworthiness provided online? I focus on one of the devices we use to secure others’ trustworthiness: tracking past conduct through online reputation systems. Yet existing reputation systems face problems. I analyse these, and in the light of this develop some principles for system design, towards overcoming these (...)
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  20. Testimony, Trust, and Authority, by Benjamin McMyler. * Knowledge on Trust, by Paul Faulkner.T. W. Simpson - 2013 - Mind 122 (485):305-311.
  21.  31
    Testimony and Sincerity.Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Ratio 25 (1):79-92.
    Is there a justified presumption that a speaker is testifying sincerely? Anti-reductionism about testimony claims that there is, absent reasons to the contrary. Yet why believe this, given the actuality and prevalence of lies and deception? I examine one argument that may be appropriated to meet this challenge, David Lewis's claim that truthfulness is a convention. I argue that it fails, and that the supposition that there is a presumption of sincerity remains unsupported. The failure of Lewis's argument is instructive, (...)
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  22.  48
    Robots, Trust and War.Thomas W. Simpson - 2011 - Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):325-337.
    Putting robots on the battlefield is clearly appealing for policymakers. Why risk human lives, when robots could take our place, and do the dirty work of killing and dying for us? Against this, I argue that robots will be unable to win the kind of wars that we are increasingly drawn into. Modern warfare tends towards asymmetric conflict. Asymmetric warfare cannot be won without gaining the trust of the civilian population; this is ‘the hearts and minds’, in the hackneyed phrase (...)
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  23.  7
    On Popular Music.T. W. Adorno & George Simpson - 1941 - Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung 9 (1):17-48.
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  24. Legal Theory and Legal History Essays on the Common Law.A. W. B. Simpson - 1987
     
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  25.  37
    Illustrating Maurice Baring's Books.W. G. Simpson - 1999 - The Chesterton Review 25 (4):551-557.
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  26.  26
    Obscenity and the Law.A. W. B. Simpson - 1982 - Law and Philosophy 1 (2):239 - 254.
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  27.  21
    Happiness.Robert W. Simpson - 1975 - American Philosophical Quarterly 12 (2):169 - 176.
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  28.  22
    Collecting Baring.W. G. Simpson - 1999 - The Chesterton Review 25 (4):493-503.
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  29.  25
    Good and Bad.Robert W. Simpson - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):101 - 117.
  30.  7
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Harvey Kantor, Robert Lowe, Lynda Stone, Douglas J. Simpson, Samuel Totten, Michael W. Apple, Richard D. Hansgen, Jean Schmittau & Aghajan Mohammadi - 1992 - Educational Studies 23 (4):482-538.
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  31.  13
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Ronald E. Benson, Herold S. Stern, Richard T. Ryan, Cheryl G. Kasson, Douglas J. Simpson, David Slive, Joe L. Green, Todd Holder, Deno G. Thevaos, Karilee Watson, Cynthia Porter Gehrie, W. Ross Palmer, C. H. Edson, Linda Fystrom & Robert S. Griffin - 1980 - Educational Studies 11 (1):91-115.
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  32. Oxford Essays in Jurisprudence, Second Series.A. W. B. Simpson (ed.) - 1973 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    These essays deal with central and controversial issues in jurisprudence. This volume emphasizes legal theory, and the collection will be of interest to students of and others involved with political philosophy as well as law students and philosophers.
     
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  33.  9
    The Literature of Ancient Egypt.Mordechai Gilula, William Kelly Simpson, R. O. Faulkner, E. F. Wente & W. K. Simpson - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):102.
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  34.  4
    The Strain-Rate Sensitivity of the Plastic Properties of Α-Iron at High Temperatures.R. W. Evans & L. A. Simpson - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 19 (160):809-819.
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  35.  16
    Regina V Archer and Muller : The Leading Case That Never Was.A. W. B. Simpson - 1982 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 2 (2):181-196.
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  36.  4
    Abortion in New Zealand.W. A. P. Facer, D. W. Simpson & B. D. Murphy - 1973 - Journal of Biosocial Science 5 (2):151.
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  37.  10
    Simultaneous Practice, Number, and Locus of Identical Items in Acquisition of Two Serial Lists.Douglas L. Nelson, William E. Simpson & W. J. Brogden - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (5):714.
  38.  10
    Did Marine A Do Wrong? On Biggar’s Lethal Intentions.Thomas W. Simpson - 2015 - Studies in Christian Ethics 28 (3):287-291.
    On patrol in Afghanistan, Sgt Blackman—referred to as ‘Marine A’ at the subsequent trial—pulled a wounded Taliban fighter out of view and shot him at close range. He was subsequently convicted for murder. I argue that, given premises endorsed in In Defence of War, Nigel Biggar is committed to the justifiability of that battlefield killing.
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  39.  7
    The Present State and the Future of the Earth Sciences in South Africa.E. S. W. Simpson - 1978 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 43 (3):259-260.
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  40.  23
    Trade-Offs, the Allocation of Reproductive Effort, and the Evolutionary Psychology of Human Mating.Steven W. Gangestad & Jeffry A. Simpson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):624-636.
    This response reinforces several major themes in our target article: (a) the importance of sex-specific, within-sex variation in mating tactics; (b) the relevance of optimality thinking to understanding that variation; (c) the significance of special design for reconstructing evolutionary history; (d) the replicated findings that women's mating preferences vary across their menstrual cycle in ways revealing special design; and (e) the importance of applying market phenomena to understand the complex dynamics of mating. We also elaborate on three points: (1) Men (...)
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  41.  6
    The Ancient Near East: A History.A. K. Grayson, D. B. Redford, William W. Hallo & William Kelly Simpson - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (4):575.
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  42.  10
    The Concept of the Categorical Imperative.R. W. Simpson & T. C. Williams - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 20 (78):90.
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  43.  16
    Cardinal Giordano Orsini (+1438) as a Prince of the Church and a Patron of the Arts. A Contemporary Panegyric and Two Descriptions of the Lost Frescoes in Monte Giordano.W. A. Simpson - 1966 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 29:135-159.
  44.  7
    Short Notices.D. J. Foskett, K. C. Mukherjee, George Grieve, A. C. F. Beales, W. H. Burston, Gordon R. Cross, C. M. Fleming, Ann Dryland, John Lambert, C. W. Simpson & Brian Holmes - 1969 - British Journal of Educational Studies 17 (1):99-107.
  45.  5
    Advanced Methods for the Evaluation of a Hybrid-Type Unconventional Play: The Bakken Petroleum System.Iain Pirie, Jack Horkowitz, Gary Simpson & John Hohman - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (2):SF93-SF111.
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  46.  5
    The Quartz Horizontal Intensity Magnetometer.K. W. Simpson & A. M. van Wyk - 1939 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 27 (3):223-224.
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  47.  8
    Oxford Essays in Jurisprudence, 2nd Series.A. D. Woozley & A. W. B. Simpson - 1974 - Philosophical Quarterly 24 (94):90.
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  48.  7
    Legal Education and Legal History.A. W. B. Simpson - 1991 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 11 (1):106-113.
  49.  7
    Contract: The Twitching Corpse1.A. W. B. Simpson - 1981 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 1 (2):265-277.
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  50.  7
    The Ancient World.R. H. Simpson & J. W. Swain - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:167.
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