Results for 'W. Gary Simpson'

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  1. The Link Between Corporate Social and Financial Performance: Evidence From the Banking Industry. [REVIEW]W. Gary Simpson & Theodor Kohers - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 35 (2):97 - 109.
    The purpose of this investigation is to extend earlier research on the relationship between corporate social and financial performance. The unique contribution of the study is the empirical analysis of a sample of companies from the banking industry and the use of Community Reinvestment Act ratings as a social performance measure. The empirical analysis solidly supports the hypothesis that the link between social and financial performance is positive.
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  2. The Ethics of Postmodernity: Current Trends in Continental Thought.Gary B. Madison & Marty Fairbarn (eds.) - 1999 - Northwestern University Press.
    In The Ethics of Postmodernity, Gary B. Madison and Marty Fairbairn have collected instructive and illuminating essays that address the dilemmas left in the wake of the postmodern attack on foundationalism. This collection is a powerful statement on the many directions a postmetaphysical ethics might take. Contributors include Barry Allen, Caroline Bayard, Robert Bernasconi, Thomas W. Busch, M.C. Dillon, Marty Fairbairn, Paul Fairfield, Morny Joy, Richard Kearney, Gary B. Madison, Joseph Margolis, Tom Rockmore, Charles E. Scott, Evan (...), and Mark Williams. (shrink)
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  3.  3
    Effects of Subthalamic Lesions on Active Avoidance Performance.W. Gary Thompson & Leslie H. Hicks - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (4):291-292.
  4. Simpson’s Paradox: A Logically Benign, Empirically Treacherous Hydra.Gary Malinas - 2001 - The Monist 84 (2):265-283.
    This article examines Simpson's paradox as applied to the theory of probabilites and percentages. The author discusses possible flaws in the paradox and compares it to the Sure Thing Principle, statistical inference, causal inference and probabilistic analyses of causation.
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  5.  6
    But, Socrates-Gary W. Gilbert Doesn't Seem to Know the Form.Gary W. Gilbert - 2009 - Philosophy Now 74:33.
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  6.  55
    Simpson's Paradox and the Wayward Researcher.Gary Malinas - 1997 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (3):343 – 359.
    Simpson's Paradox is introduced and analysed via the mishaps of a researcher who at first falls afoul of the traps Simpson-reversals can set, and then he learns to exploit those traps to advantage. (Note: An error in the treatment of the Sure Thing Principle is corrected in "Simpson's Paradox: A Logically Benign, Empirically Treacherous Hydra").
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  7.  28
    A Solution to the Tag-Assignment Problem for Neural Networks.Gary W. Strong & Bruce A. Whitehead - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):381-397.
    Purely parallel neural networks can model object recognition in brief displays – the same conditions under which illusory conjunctions have been demonstrated empirically. Correcting errors of illusory conjunction is the “tag-assignment” problem for a purely parallel processor: the problem of assigning a spatial tag to nonspatial features, feature combinations, and objects. This problem must be solved to model human object recognition over a longer time scale. Our model simulates both the parallel processes that may underlie illusory conjunctions and the serial (...)
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  8.  56
    Trust, Belief, and the Second-Personal.Thomas W. Simpson - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (3):447-459.
    Cognitivism about trust says that it requires belief that the trusted is trustworthy; non-cognitivism denies this. At stake is how to make sense of the strong but competing intuitions that trust is an attitude that is evaluable both morally and rationally. In proposing that one's respect for another's agency may ground one's trusting beliefs, second-personal accounts provide a way to endorse both intuitions. They focus attention on the way that, in normal situations, it is the person whom I trust. My (...)
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  9. The Evolution of Human Mating: Trade-Offs and Strategic Pluralism.Steven W. Gangestad & Jeffry A. Simpson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):573-587.
    During human evolutionary history, there were “trade-offs” between expending time and energy on child-rearing and mating, so both men and women evolved conditional mating strategies guided by cues signaling the circumstances. Many short-term matings might be successful for some men; others might try to find and keep a single mate, investing their effort in rearing her offspring. Recent evidence suggests that men with features signaling genetic benefits to offspring should be preferred by women as short-term mates, but there are trade-offs (...)
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  10.  38
    Good Fences Make for Good Neighbors but Bad Science: A Review of What Improves Bayesian Reasoning and Why. [REVIEW]Gary L. Brase & W. Trey Hill - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  11. The Philosophy of Trust.Paul Faulkner & Thomas W. Simpson (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
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  12.  96
    The Impossibility of Republican Freedom.Thomas W. Simpson - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (1):27-53.
  13. Just War and Robots’ Killings.Thomas W. Simpson & Vincent C. Müller - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):302-22.
    May lethal autonomous weapons systems—‘killer robots ’—be used in war? The majority of writers argue against their use, and those who have argued in favour have done so on a consequentialist basis. We defend the moral permissibility of killer robots, but on the basis of the non-aggregative structure of right assumed by Just War theory. This is necessary because the most important argument against killer robots, the responsibility trilemma proposed by Rob Sparrow, makes the same assumptions. We show that the (...)
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  14.  76
    Risk Management Principles for Nanotechnology.Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2008 - NanoEthics 2 (1):43-60.
    Risk management of nanotechnology is challenged by the enormous uncertainties about the risks, benefits, properties, and future direction of nanotechnology applications. Because of these uncertainties, traditional risk management principles such as acceptable risk, cost–benefit analysis, and feasibility are unworkable, as is the newest risk management principle, the precautionary principle. Yet, simply waiting for these uncertainties to be resolved before undertaking risk management efforts would not be prudent, in part because of the growing public concerns about nanotechnology driven by risk perception (...)
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  15.  9
    Functional Architecture of Visual Emotion Recognition Ability: A Latent Variable Approach.Gary J. Lewis, Carmen E. Lefevre & Andrew W. Young - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (5):589-602.
  16. What Is Trust?Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (4):550-569.
    Trust is difficult to define. Instead of doing so, I propose that the best way to understand the concept is through a genealogical account. I show how a root notion of trust arises out of some basic features of what it is for humans to live socially, in which we rely on others to act cooperatively. I explore how this concept acquires resonances of hope and threat, and how we analogically apply this in related but different contexts. The genealogical account (...)
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  17.  12
    Different Regions of Space or Different Spaces Altogether: What Are the Dorsal/Ventral Systems Processing?Gary W. Strong - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):556-557.
  18.  23
    Julian the Apostate Julian the Apostate. By W. Douglas Simpson. Pp. Xi + 127. Aberdeen: Milne and Hutchison, 1930. 7s. 6d. [REVIEW]Norman H. Baynes - 1931 - The Classical Review 45 (04):148-149.
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  19.  5
    Partnering With Patients to Bridge Gaps in Consent for Acute Care Research.Neal W. Dickert, Amanda Michelle Bernard, JoAnne M. Brabson, Rodney J. Hunter, Regina McLemore, Andrea R. Mitchell, Stephen Palmer, Barbara Reed, Michele Riedford, Raymond T. Simpson, Candace D. Speight, Tracie Steadman & Rebecca D. Pentz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):7-17.
    Clinical trials for acute conditions such as myocardial infarction and stroke pose challenges related to informed consent due to time limitations, stress, and severe illness. Consent processes shou...
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  20. Evaluating Google as an Epistemic Tool.Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):426-445.
    This article develops a social epistemological analysis of Web-based search engines, addressing the following questions. First, what epistemic functions do search engines perform? Second, what dimensions of assessment are appropriate for the epistemic evaluation of search engines? Third, how well do current search engines perform on these? The article explains why they fulfil the role of a surrogate expert, and proposes three ways of assessing their utility as an epistemic tool—timeliness, authority prioritisation, and objectivity. “Personalisation” is a current trend in (...)
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  21.  14
    Neurochemical Correlates of Stress and Depression: Depletion or Disorganization?Gary W. Kraemer - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):110-110.
  22.  41
    A Psychobiological Theory of Attachment.Gary W. Kraemer - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):493-511.
  23.  8
    Effects of Instructions to Form Common and Bizarre Mental Images on Retention.Gary W. Nappe & Keith A. Wollen - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):6.
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  24.  40
    The God-Shaped Void in the Post-Theistic World: H. Tristram Engelhardt's Quest in After God.Gary W. Jenkins - 2017 - Christian Bioethics 23 (2):183-199.
    Professor Engelhardt’s After God sets out in fine detail a “j’accuse” of the Western project from the medieval Scholastic doctors, through the Enlightenment, to Kant and Hegel, and finally to its telos in postmodernity, which in fact was the logical outcome of what Professor Engelhardt sees as the abuse of reason, for reason could never endure the demands made of it. I propose that Professor Engelhardt is correct in his description of our present epoch, though partially but critically misguided in (...)
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  25.  26
    Logical Empiricism in North America.Gary L. Hardcastle & Alan W. Richardson (eds.) - 2003 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    "An essential overview of an important intellectual movement, Logical Empiricism in North America offers the first significant, sustained, and multidisciplinary attempt to understand the intellectual, cultural, and political dimensions of ...
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  26.  17
    What Does the History of Technology Regulation Teach Us About Nano Oversight?Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):724-731.
    As policy makers struggle to develop regulatory oversight models for nanotechnologies, there are important lessons that can be drawn from previous attempts to govern other emerging technologies. Five such lessons are the following: public confidence and trust in a technology and its regulatory oversight is probably the most important factor for the commercial success of a technology; regulation should avoid discriminating against particular technologies unless there is a scientifically based rationale for the disparate treatment; regulatory systems need to be flexible (...)
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  27.  13
    What Does the History of Technology Regulation Teach Us About Nano Oversight?Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):724-731.
    Nanotechnology is the latest in a growing list of emerging technologies that includes nuclear technologies, genetics, reproductive biology, biotechnology, information technology, robotics, communication technologies, surveillance technologies, synthetic biology, and neuroscience. As was the case for many of the technologies that came before, a key question facing nanotechnology is what type of regulatory oversight is appropriate for this emerging technology. As two of us wrote several years ago, the question facing nanotechnology is not whether it will be regulated, but when and (...)
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  28.  9
    Adding Up to Good Bayesian Reasoning: Problem Format Manipulations and Individual Skill Differences.Gary L. Brase & W. Trey Hill - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (4):577-591.
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  29.  22
    The Principle of Relevant Similarity.Gary W. Levvis - 1991 - Journal of Value Inquiry 25 (1):81-87.
  30.  34
    Freedom and Trust: A Rejoinder to Lovett and Pettit.Thomas W. Simpson - 2019 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 47 (4):412-424.
  31.  25
    Substance: Its Nature and Existence.Dean W. Zimmerman, Joshua Hoffman & Gary S. Rosenkrantz - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):118.
    This book addresses two basic questions: What is the proper philosophical analysis of the concept of substance? and What kinds of compound substances are there? The second question is mainly addressed by asking what relations among objects are necessary and sufficient for their coming to compose a larger whole. The first 72 pages of the book contain a short history of attempts to answer the first question, and a brief presentation of the analysis the authors defend at length in their (...)
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  32.  22
    Propagation of Partial Randomness.Kojiro Higuchi, W. M. Phillip Hudelson, Stephen G. Simpson & Keita Yokoyama - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (2):742-758.
    Let f be a computable function from finite sequences of 0ʼs and 1ʼs to real numbers. We prove that strong f-randomness implies strong f-randomness relative to a PA-degree. We also prove: if X is strongly f-random and Turing reducible to Y where Y is Martin-Löf random relative to Z, then X is strongly f-random relative to Z. In addition, we prove analogous propagation results for other notions of partial randomness, including non-K-triviality and autocomplexity. We prove that f-randomness relative to a (...)
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  33. Who Speaks for Plato?: Studies in Platonic Anonymity.Hayden W. Ausland, Eugenio Benitez, Ruby Blondell, Lloyd P. Gerson, Francisco J. Gonzalez, J. J. Mulhern, Debra Nails, Erik Ostenfeld, Gerald A. Press, Gary Alan Scott, P. Christopher Smith, Harold Tarrant, Holger Thesleff, Joanne Waugh, William A. Welton & Elinor J. M. West - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this international and interdisciplinary collection of critical essays, distinguished contributors examine a crucial premise of traditional readings of Plato's dialogues: that Plato's own doctrines and arguments can be read off the statements made in the dialogues by Socrates and other leading characters. The authors argue in general and with reference to specific dialogues, that no character should be taken to be Plato's mouthpiece. This is essential reading for students and scholars of Plato.
     
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  34.  11
    A Cognitive-Social Learning Model of Social-Skill Training.Gary W. Ladd & Jacquelyn Mize - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (2):127-157.
  35.  53
    On Popular Music.T. W. Adorno & George Simpson - 1941 - Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung 9 (1):17-48.
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  36.  8
    Abortion in New Zealand.W. A. P. Facer, D. W. Simpson & B. D. Murphy - 1973 - Journal of Biosocial Science 5 (2):151-158.
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  37.  21
    Visualization and Interpretation of Geologic Data in 3D Virtual Reality.Gary L. Kinsland & Christoph W. Borst - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (3):SX13-SX20.
    We have developed an argument and evidence from our experiences for the utility of 3D virtual reality systems in the interpretation of 3D geologic data. Interpretation of 3D data by geoscientists is performed in “the mind.” Visualization of 3D data in 3DVR environments is an efficient method of getting the data into the mind. Descriptions of visualization and interpretation of several different geologic data sets in 3DVR environments illustrate the advantages of 3DVR. Despite the advantages of visualization in 3DVR, several (...)
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  38.  9
    Separability of Reference Frame Distinctions From Motor and Visual Images.Gary W. Strong - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):224-225.
  39.  71
    Bribery in International Business: Whose Problem is It? [REVIEW]Henry W. Lane & Donald G. Simpson - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):35 - 42.
    Bribery is a frequently discussed problem in international business. This article looks at the problem from the North American and from the developing country perspective. It describes and analyses specific cases and highlights recurring patterns of behavior.The article is based on the experiences of the authors who have been promoting business in the developing world. In addition to ethical considerations involved with bribery there are some very practical reasons for not engaging in the practice. There are also real barriers to (...)
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  40.  60
    Robots, Trust and War.Thomas W. Simpson - 2011 - Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):325-337.
    Putting robots on the battlefield is clearly appealing for policymakers. Why risk human lives, when robots could take our place, and do the dirty work of killing and dying for us? Against this, I argue that robots will be unable to win the kind of wars that we are increasingly drawn into. Modern warfare tends towards asymmetric conflict. Asymmetric warfare cannot be won without gaining the trust of the civilian population; this is ‘the hearts and minds’, in the hackneyed phrase (...)
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  41.  48
    E-Trust and Reputation.Thomas W. Simpson - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (1):29-38.
    Trust online can be a hazardous affair; many are trustworthy, but some people use the anonymity of the web to behave very badly indeed. So how can we improve the quality of evidence for trustworthiness provided online? I focus on one of the devices we use to secure others’ trustworthiness: tracking past conduct through online reputation systems. Yet existing reputation systems face problems. I analyse these, and in the light of this develop some principles for system design, towards overcoming these (...)
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  42.  16
    The So-Called (and Actual!) Realism of the Tractatus.Gary W. Lewis - 1998 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 54:45-70.
    David Pears's contention that the Tractatus is to be understood as advancing a form of metaphysical realism is defended against McGuinness's view that Tractatus 1-2.063 is to be treated just as introducing a metaphysical myth that may be employed to bring into prominence salient features of propositions. Starting with a discussion of the involved difficulties, e.g., determining whether Wittgenstein does in fact provide an argument for the existence of simple objects what this object is and what role the existence of (...)
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  43.  91
    Trustworthiness and Moral Character.Thomas W. Simpson - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):543-557.
    Why are people trustworthy? I argue for two theses. First, we cannot explain many socially important forms of trustworthiness solely in terms of the instrumentally rational seeking of one’s interests, in response to external sanctions or rewards. A richer psychology is required. So, second, possession of moral character is a plausible explanation of some socially important instances when people are trustworthy. I defend this conclusion against the influential account of trust as ‘encapsulated interest’, given by Russell Hardin, on which most (...)
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  44.  45
    Testimony and Sincerity.Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Ratio 25 (1):79-92.
    Is there a justified presumption that a speaker is testifying sincerely? Anti-reductionism about testimony claims that there is, absent reasons to the contrary. Yet why believe this, given the actuality and prevalence of lies and deception? I examine one argument that may be appropriated to meet this challenge, David Lewis's claim that truthfulness is a convention. I argue that it fails, and that the supposition that there is a presumption of sincerity remains unsupported. The failure of Lewis's argument is instructive, (...)
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  45.  49
    Agenda Power in the Japanese House of Representatives.Gary W. Cox, Mikitaka Masuyama & Mathew D. McCubbins - 2000 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 1 (1):1-21.
    In this paper we provide evidence from Japan that bears on a general theory of agenda power in legislatures. By agenda power we mean the power to determine: (a) which bills are considered in the plenary session of the legislature and (b) restrictions on debate and amendment to these bills, when they are considered. While a substantial amount of work has focused on the second category of agenda power, including studies of special rules in the US House (e.g., Sinclair forthcoming), (...)
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  46.  16
    African Philosophy and the Relativities of Rationality: In Response to Carole Pearce.Gary W. Trompf - 1994 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 24 (2):206-212.
  47.  10
    The Ancient World. Vol. I, Empires and City-States of the Ancient Orient and Greece Before 334 B.C.; Vol. II, The World Empires: Alexander and the Romans After 334 B.C. By J. W. Swain. Pp. Xx + 578; Xiv + 658. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1950. $8. [REVIEW]R. H. Simpson & J. W. Swain - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:167-168.
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  48.  23
    Phase Logic is Biologically Relevant Logic.Gary W. Strong - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):472-473.
  49.  16
    Chaperoning Prions: The Cellular Machinery for Propagating an Infectious Protein?Gary W. Jones & Mick F. Tuite - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (8):823-832.
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  50.  24
    Happiness.Robert W. Simpson - 1975 - American Philosophical Quarterly 12 (2):169 - 176.
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