Results for 'W. Scott Looney'

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W. Scott Looney
Syracuse University
  1.  15
    A Defense of Spoiler Voting.W. Scott Looney & Preston Werner - 2020 - Public Affairs Quarterly 34 (3):205-228.
    A familiar debate in first-past-the-post democracies is whether ideologically disenfranchised voters should cast their vote for minor party candidates. We argue that voting for minor party candidates will sometimes be the best strategic option for voters with non-mainstream ideologies. Major parties, as rational agents, will be ideologically responsive to genuine threats of defection. By voting for a minor party, voters can simultaneously punish major parties for unfairly “bargaining” with their voting bloc and also signal their ideological reasons for defecting.
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  2.  11
    Problems for Predictive Information.W. Scott Looney - 2020 - Erkenntnis:1-13.
    Predictive information is a popular and promising family of information-based theories of biological communication. It is difficult to adjudicate between predictive information-based theories and influence-based theories of biological communication because the same acts seem to count as communicative on both theories. In this paper, I argue that predictive information theories and influence-based theories give importantly different descriptions of deceptive signals in some non-evolutionarily stable communicative systems by citing a novel case observed in nature. Moreover, predictive information gives a counter-intuitive description (...)
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  3.  86
    Murdochian Moral Perception.W. Scott Clifton - 2013 - Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (3):207-220.
    There has been a recent surge of interest in the moral philosophy of Iris Murdoch. One issue that has arisen is whether her view advocates a form of moral perception. In this paper I argue that her view does indeed advocate for a form of moral perception—what I call weak moral perception. In the process of moral reasoning weak moral perception plays a preparatory role for moral judgment, which means that moral judgment isn’t simply a matter of seeing what action (...)
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  4.  78
    Emotional Engagement in Professional Ethics.W. Scott Dunbar - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):535-551.
    Recent results from two different studies show evidence of strong emotional engagement in moral dilemmas that require personal involvement or ethical problems that involve significant inter-personal issues. This empirical evidence for a connection between emotional engagement and moral or ethical choices is interesting because it is related to a fundamental survival mechanism rooted in human evolution. The results lead one to question when and how emotional engagement might occur in a professional ethical situation. However, the studies employed static dilemmas or (...)
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  5.  36
    A Notorious Example of Failed Mindreading: Dramatic Irony and the Moral and Epistemic Value of Art.W. Scott Clifton - 2016 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 50 (3):73-90.
    The act of mindreading has been recognized to have great moral and epistemic value. Unfortunately, psychological research has shown that we are naturally inaccurate at mindreading, which should worry us quite a bit. It has also been shown that when motivated to mindread well, subjects become more accurate. In this paper I argue that some kinds of artwork—specifically, those utilizing dramatic irony—can educate us as to how valuable accurate mindreading is and motivate us to try to mindread well. The primary (...)
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  6.  10
    Christopher W. Morris, Ed., Questions of Life and Death: Readings in Practical Ethics. [REVIEW]W. Scott Clifton - 2017 - Teaching Ethics 17 (1):129-131.
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  7. J. W. Scott, Syndicalism and Philosophical Realism. [REVIEW]H. J. W. Hetherington - 1919 - Hibbert Journal 18:187.
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  8.  24
    Incentive Effects and Pupillary Changes in Association Learning.Daniel Kahneman & W. Scott Peavler - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):312.
  9.  29
    ΣϒΝ ΔΕ Δϒᾲ ΕΡΧΟΜΕΝΩ … - W. Scott and A. S. Ferguson: Hermetica: The Ancient Greek and Latin Writings Which Contain Religious or Philosophical Teachings Ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus. Vol. IV: Testimonia. Pp. Xlix+576. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1936. Cloth, 30s. [REVIEW]H. J. Rose - 1936 - The Classical Review 50 (06):222-223.
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  10.  28
    Conditioning of the Rabbit Nictitating Membrane Response as a Function of Trials Per Session, ISI, and ITI.W. Ronald Salafia, W. Scott Terry & Anthony P. Daston - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (5):505-508.
  11.  13
    Interference with Spatial Alternation by Exposure to Other Mazes.W. Scott Terry - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (3):260-262.
  12.  19
    Joan W. SCOTT, La Citoyenne Paradoxale : Les Féministes Françaises Et les Droits de l'Homme, Paris, Albin Michel, 1998, 286 Pages. [REVIEW]Françoise Thébaud - 2000 - Clio 12.
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  13.  2
    Joan W. SCOTT, La Citoyenne Paradoxale : Les Féministes Françaises Et les Droits de l'Homme, Paris, Albin Michel, 1998, 286 Pages (Traduction Française de Only Paradoxes to Offer. French Feminists and the Rights of Man, Harvard University Press, 1996. [REVIEW]Françoise Thébaud - 2000 - Clio 12.
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  14. W. Scott Palmer, The Church and Modern Men. [REVIEW]G. Tyrrell - 1907 - Hibbert Journal 6:707.
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  15.  18
    Leonardo Bruni and the Poetics of Sovereignty.W. Scott Blanchard - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (5):477-491.
    Leonardo Bruni’s well-known oration, the Laudatio Florentinae urbis, has long stood at the center of discussions on the emergence of the modern republican state. Recent historiographical trends have emphasized the degree to which Bruni’s oration represents a propagandistic attempt both to portray Florence as a territorial power of Northern Italy keen to impose its sovereign authority on neighboring polities and as a republic intent on fashioning an image of itself as a popular sovereignty. It is in this second element of (...)
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  16.  12
    A Marriage of Faith and Reason: One Couple’s Journey to the Catholic Church.W. Scott Cleveland & Lindsay K. Cleveland - 2019 - In Brian Besong & Jonathan Fuqua (eds.), Faith and Reason: Philosophers Explain Their Turn to Catholicism. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. pp. 205-242.
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  17. “Humility From a Philosophical Point of View”.W. Scott Cleveland & Robert Roberts - 2017 - In Everett L. Worthington Jr, Don E. Davis & Joshua N. Hook (eds.), Handbook of Humility: Theory, Research, and Applications. New York, NY, USA:
     
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  18. The Distinctiveness of Intellectual Virtues: A Response to Roberts and Wood.W. Scott Cleveland - 2012 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 86:159-169.
    Robert Roberts and Jay Wood criticize St Thomas Aquinas’ distinction between intellectual and moral virtues. They offer three objections to this distinction. They object that intellectual virtues depend on the will in ways that undermine the distinction, that the subject of intellectual virtues is not an intellectual faculty but a whole person, and that some intellectual virtues require that the will act intellectually. They hold that each of these is sufficient to undermine the distinction. I defend Aquinas’ distinction and respond (...)
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  19.  27
    The Distinctiveness of Intellectual Virtues.W. Scott Cleveland - 2012 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 86:159-169.
    Robert Roberts and Jay Wood criticize St Thomas Aquinas’ distinction between intellectual and moral virtues. They offer three objections to this distinction. They object that intellectual virtues depend on the will in ways that undermine the distinction, that the subject of intellectual virtues is not an intellectual faculty but a whole person, and that some intellectual virtues require that the will act intellectually. They hold that each of these is sufficient to undermine the distinction. I defend Aquinas’ distinction and respond (...)
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  20.  7
    The Distinctiveness of Intellectual Virtues: A Response to Roberts and Wood.W. Scott Cleveland - 2012 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 86:159-169.
    Robert Roberts and Jay Wood criticize St Thomas Aquinas’s distinction between intellectual and moral virtues. They offer three objections to this distinction. They object that intellectual virtues depend on the will in ways that undermine the distinction, that the subject of intellectual virtues is not an intellectual faculty but a whole person, and that some intellectual virtues require that the will act intellectually. They hold that each of these is sufficient to undermine the distinction. I defend Aquinas’s distinction and respond (...)
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  21.  40
    The Emotions of Courageous Activity.W. Scott Cleveland - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (4):855-882.
    An apparent paradox concerning courageous activity is that it seems to require both fear and fearlessness – on the one hand, mastering one’s fear, and, on the other, eliminating fear. I resolve the paradox by isolating three phases of courageous activity: the initial response to the situation, the choice of courageous action, and the execution of courageous action. I argue that there is an emotion that is proper to each of these phases and that each emotion positively contributes to the (...)
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  22.  18
    The Virtual Presence of Acquired Virtues in the Christian.W. Scott Cleveland & Brandon Dahm - 2019 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 93 (1):75-100.
    Aquinas’s doctrine that infused virtues accompany sanctifying grace raises many questions. We examine one: how do the infused virtues relate to the acquired virtues? More precisely, can the person with the infused virtues possess the acquired virtues? We argue for an answer consistent with and informed by Aquinas’s writings, although it goes beyond textual evidence, as any answer to this question must. There are two plausible, standard interpretations of Aquinas on this issue: the coexistence view and transformation view. After explaining (...)
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  23.  8
    Lehrer, Keith. Art, Self, and Knowledge. Oxford University Press, 2012, Xii + 212 Pp., $99.00 Cloth, $24.95 Paper. [REVIEW]W. Scott Clifton - 2013 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (2):212-215.
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  24.  29
    Preserving the Natural Order of Learning.W. Scott Clifton - 2015 - Teaching Philosophy 38 (1):1-19.
    Because learning is a biological process, pedagogical approaches should conform to the ways the brain learns. One of the findings of brain-based pedagogical research is that context matters to learning. More specifically, the order of learning must be preserved: content should be introduced in a concrete context, followed by attempts to isolate abstract elements found in the case. There are better and worse strategies to preserve this order. In this paper I discuss the research and provide what I have found (...)
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  25.  26
    Schopenhauer and Murdoch on the Ethical Value of the Loss of Self in Aesthetic Experience.W. Scott Clifton - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 51 (4):5-25.
    In this paper, I construct an ethical-aesthetic account based on the work of Arthur Schopenhauer and Iris Murdoch, centered on the claims that motive matters to morality and that, specifically, acting from compassion—understood as a combination of cognitive empathy and concern—is necessary for making moral decisions. I present empirical evidence that we are naturally inaccurate when it comes to cognitive empathy, suggesting that many of our moral decisions are made in ignorance of the interests of others. We can improve our (...)
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  26.  8
    Trusting the Author: On Narrative Tension and the Puzzle of Audience Anxiety.W. Scott Clifton - 2016 - Philosophy and Literature 40 (2):325-346.
    In the opening episode of season four of the AMC network’s television show Breaking Bad, the attentive viewer reaches a point at which it’s difficult to see how the show’s heroes, Walter White and Jesse Pinkman, will escape death. The two are chemists and manufacturers of crystal methamphetamine for drug kingpin Gus Fring. At the end of the previous season they had picked up on Fring’s plans to kill them and replace them with another chemist, Gale Boetticher, who by then (...)
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  27.  25
    The Confucian Concept of Man: The Original Formulation.W. Scott Morton - 1971 - Philosophy East and West 21 (1):69-77.
  28.  23
    Evaluating the Potential for Using Affect-Inspired Techniques to Manage Real-Time Systems.W. Scott Neal Reilly, Gerald Fry, Sean Guarino, Michael Reposa, Richard West, Ralph Costantini & Josh Johnston - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations.
    We describe a novel affect-inspired mechanism to improve the performance of computational systems operating in dynamic environments. In particular, we designed a mechanism that is based on aspects of the fear response in humans to dynamically reallocate operating system-level central processing unit (CPU) resources to processes as they are needed to deal with time-critical events. We evaluated this system in the MINIX® and Linux® operating systems and in three different testing environments (two simulated, one live). We found the affect-based system (...)
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  29.  45
    The Genesis and Justification of Feminist Standpoint Theory in Hegel and Lukács.W. Scott Cameron - 2005 - Dialogue and Universalism 15 (3-4):19-41.
    Feminist standpoint epistemology suggests that women are cognitively privileged, since gender-specific forms of oppression produce insights systematically denied to men. Yet if many forms of oppression exist, what happens when they overlap? Some reject such theories as irredeemably essentialist, triumphalist, and relativist, but I argue that their original versions in Hegel and Lukács as supplemented by Sabina Lovibond generate both the strongest arguments for standpoint theories and a way through their deepest difficulties.
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  30.  3
    A Samaritan Manuscript Of The Hebrew Pentateuch Written In A. H. 35.W. Scott Watson - 1899 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 20:173-179.
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  31. Nature and Culture.W. Scott McLean, Eldridge M. Moores & David A. Robertson - 2000 - In Robert Frodeman & Victor R. Baker (eds.), Earth Matters: The Earth Sciences, Philosophy, and the Claims of Community. Prentice-Hall. pp. 1--141.
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  32.  6
    Joan W. Scott y Eva Illouz en la agencia de publicidad. Aportaciones para el análisis de la noción de experiencia en el discurso publicitario.Felip Vidal Auladell - 2014 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 63:175.
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  33.  63
    Joan W. Scott y Debra Keates,(Eds.): Schools of Thought. Twenty-Five Years of Interpretive Social Science. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2001. [REVIEW]Marc Llambrich - 2004 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 4:195-196.
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  34.  21
    W. Scott Jessee, Robert the Burgundian and the Counts of Anjou, Ca. 1025–1098. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2000. Pp. Xii, 206; 2 Black-and-White Figures and 1 Map. $54.95.Kimberly A. LoPrete - 2004 - Speculum 79 (3):776-777.
  35.  38
    Toward a Science of Consciousness: The First Tucson Discussions and Debates.Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
    Toward a Science of Consciousnessmarks the first major gathering -- a landmark event -- devoted entirely to unlocking the mysteries of consciousness.
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  36.  10
    In Defense of Descriptive Behaviorism, or Theories of Learning Still Aren't Necessary.W. Scott Wood - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):82-83.
  37. Two Reviews of B. F. Skinner's "The Shaping of a Behaviorist" No. 2. [REVIEW]W. Scott Wood - 1981 - Behavior and Philosophy 9 (1):99.
     
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  38. The Shaping of a Behaviorist< Contrib-Group>< Contrib>< Name Index= &Quo.W. Scott Wood - 1981 - Behaviorism 9 (1):99-103.
  39.  43
    Petrarch and the Genealogy of Asceticism.W. Scott Blanchard - 2001 - Journal of the History of Ideas 62 (3):401-423.
  40.  10
    Joan W. Scott, Théorie critique de l'histoire. Identités, expériences, politiques.Michelle Zancarini-Fournel - 2011 - Clio 34:282-283.
  41.  2
    Joan W. Scott, Théorie critique de l’histoire. Identités, expériences, politiques.Michelle Zancarini-Fournel - 2010 - Clio 32:281-283.
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  42.  30
    Towards a Science of Consciousness.S. R. Hameroff, A. W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
    Toward a Science of Consciousness marks the first major gathering—a landmark event—devoted entirely to unlocking the mysteries of consciousness.
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  43.  38
    Toward a Science of Consciousness 1996.Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.) - 1998 - MIT Press.
    Quantum aspects of brain activity and the role of consciousness. Proceedings of the National ... Casti, JL 1996. Confronting science's logical limits. ...
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  44.  15
    Oscillation Phase Locking and Late ERP Components of Intracranial Hippocampal Recordings Correlate to Patient Performance in a Working Memory Task.Jonathan K. Kleen, Markus E. Testorf, David W. Roberts, Rod C. Scott, Barbara J. Jobst, Gregory L. Holmes & Pierre-Pascal Lenck-Santini - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  45.  36
    Toward a Science of Consciousness II: The Second Tucson Discussions and Debates.Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.) - 1998 - MIT Press.
    This volume presents a selection of invited papers from the second conference, held in April 1996.
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  46.  53
    Reframing Consent for Clinical Research: A Function-Based Approach.Scott Y. H. Kim, David Wendler, Kevin P. Weinfurt, Robert Silbergleit, Rebecca D. Pentz, Franklin G. Miller, Bernard Lo, Steven Joffe, Christine Grady, Sara F. Goldkind, Nir Eyal & Neal W. Dickert - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12):3-11.
    Although informed consent is important in clinical research, questions persist regarding when it is necessary, what it requires, and how it should be obtained. The standard view in research ethics is that the function of informed consent is to respect individual autonomy. However, consent processes are multidimensional and serve other ethical functions as well. These functions deserve particular attention when barriers to consent exist. We argue that consent serves seven ethically important and conceptually distinct functions. The first four functions pertain (...)
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  47. Toward a Science of Consciousness II: The 1996 Tucson Discussions and Debates.S. Ameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.) - 1998 - MIT Press.
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  48. Toward a Science of Consciousness.S. Hamreoff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
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  49.  13
    Evaluating the Potential for Using Affect-Inspired Techniques to Manage Real-Time Systems.W. Scott Neal Reilly, Gerald Fry, Sean Guarino, Michael Reposa, Richard West, Ralph Costantini & Josh Johnston - 2013 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 5 (2):165-178.
  50. An Interview with Joan W Scott.Kristina Nottbohm & Helma Lutz - 2017 - European Journal of Women's Studies 24 (3):281-285.
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