Results for 'W. Stewart Gregory'

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  1.  27
    Counterfactual Plausibility and Comparative Similarity.L. Stanley Matthew, W. Stewart Gregory & Brigard Felipe De - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S5):1216-1228.
    Counterfactual thinking involves imagining hypothetical alternatives to reality. Philosopher David Lewis argued that people estimate the subjective plausibility that a counterfactual event might have occurred by comparing an imagined possible world in which the counterfactual statement is true against the current, actual world in which the counterfactual statement is false. Accordingly, counterfactuals considered to be true in possible worlds comparatively more similar to ours are judged as more plausible than counterfactuals deemed true in possible worlds comparatively less similar. Although Lewis (...)
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  2.  36
    Emotional Intensity in Episodic Autobiographical Memory and Counterfactual Thinking.Matthew L. Stanley, Natasha Parikh, Gregory W. Stewart & Felipe De Brigard - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:283-291.
  3.  5
    Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Cutting Edge Technologies, Artificial Intelligence, Neuromodulation, Neuroethics, Pain, Interventional Psychiatry, Epilepsy, and Traumatic Brain Injury.Joshua K. Wong, Günther Deuschl, Robin Wolke, Hagai Bergman, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Sameer A. Sheth, Helen M. Bronte-Stewart, Kevin B. Wilkins, Matthew N. Petrucci, Emilia Lambert, Yasmine Kehnemouyi, Philip A. Starr, Simon Little, Juan Anso, Ro’ee Gilron, Lawrence Poree, Giridhar P. Kalamangalam, Gregory A. Worrell, Kai J. Miller, Nicholas D. Schiff, Christopher R. Butson, Jaimie M. Henderson, Jack W. Judy, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Kelly D. Foote, Peter A. Silburn, Luming Li, Genko Oyama, Hikaru Kamo, Satoko Sekimoto, Nobutaka Hattori, James J. Giordano, Diane DiEuliis, John R. Shook, Darin D. Doughtery, Alik S. Widge, Helen S. Mayberg, Jungho Cha, Kisueng Choi, Stephen Heisig, Mosadolu Obatusin, Enrico Opri, Scott B. Kaufman, Prasad Shirvalkar, Christopher J. Rozell, Sankaraleengam Alagapan, Robert S. Raike, Hemant Bokil, David Green & Michael S. Okun - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    DBS Think Tank IX was held on August 25–27, 2021 in Orlando FL with US based participants largely in person and overseas participants joining by video conferencing technology. The DBS Think Tank was founded in 2012 and provides an open platform where clinicians, engineers and researchers can freely discuss current and emerging deep brain stimulation technologies as well as the logistical and ethical issues facing the field. The consensus among the DBS Think Tank IX speakers was that DBS expanded in (...)
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  4.  27
    Frank A. J. L. James , The Correspondence of Michael Faraday: Volume 5, 1855–1860. London: Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2008. Pp. Lviii+835. ISBN 978-0-86341-823-5. £70.00 .Frank A. J. L. James , Christmas at the Royal Institution: An Anthology of Lectures by M. Faraday, J. Tyndall, R. S. Ball, S. P. Thompson, E. R. Lankester, W. H. Bragg, W. L. Bragg, R. L. Gregory, and I. Stewart. Singapore: World Scientific Books, 2007. Pp. Xxxiii+366. ISBN 981-277-109-3. £39.00. [REVIEW]Iwan Rhys Morus - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (2):308.
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  5. Responsibility for Forgetting.Samuel Murray, Elise D. Murray, Gregory Stewart, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Felipe De Brigard - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (5):1177-1201.
    In this paper, we focus on whether and to what extent we judge that people are responsible for the consequences of their forgetfulness. We ran a series of behavioral studies to measure judgments of responsibility for the consequences of forgetfulness. Our results show that we are disposed to hold others responsible for some of their forgetfulness. The level of stress that the forgetful agent is under modulates judgments of responsibility, though the level of care that the agent exhibits toward performing (...)
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  6. Maria W. Stewart, Ethnologist and Proto-Black Feminist.Jameliah Inga Shorter-Bourhanou - 2022 - Hypatia 37 (1):60-75.
    Discussions about nineteenth-century African American ethnology tend to focus only on black male thinkers. In the nineteenth century, ethnology was the study of difference among humans and often used racist science to justify discrimination against blacks. Black woman thinker Maria W. Stewart made important contributions to ethnology but remains understudied. I argue that Stewart is a black feminist ethnologist because she aligns herself with her black male interlocutors on the core points of ethnology. Yet Stewart adds a (...)
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  7. Conscious Matter, or, the Physical and the Psychical Universally in Causal Connection.W. Stewart Duncan - 1881
     
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  8.  19
    Striving for Optimal Relevance When Answering Questions.Raymond W. Gibbs & Gregory A. Bryant - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):345-369.
    When people are asked “Do you have the time?” they can answer in a variety of ways, such as “It is almost 3”, “Yeah, it is quarter past two”, or more precisely as in “It is now 1:43”. We present the results of four experiments that examined people’s real-life answers to questions about the time. Our hypothesis, following previous research findings, was that people strive to make their answers optimally relevant for the addressee, which in many cases allows people to (...)
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  9. Kierkegaard’s Concepts, Tome IV: Individual to Novel.S. Emmanuel, W. McDonald & J. Stewart (eds.) - 2014 - Ashgate.
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  10.  24
    Modulation of Reasoning by Emotion: Findings From the Belief-Bias Paradigm.M. Eliades, W. Mansell, A. Stewart & I. Blanchette - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning.
  11. Why Many Concepts Are Metaphorical (Cognition, Vol. 61, No. 3 (1996) 309–319).Raymond W. Gibbs Jr & Gregory L. Murphy - 1997 - Cognition 62 (1):99-108.
     
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  12. Learning Section—Editorial Policy Statement.Peter W. Hewson, James Stewart & Section Coeditors - 1994 - Science Education 78 (3):213-215.
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  13.  3
    Overload and Automation-Dependence in a Multi-UAS Simulation: Task Demand and Individual Difference Factors.Jinchao Lin, Gerald Matthews, Ryan W. Wohleber, Gregory J. Funke, Gloria L. Calhoun, Heath A. Ruff, James Szalma & Peter Chiu - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 26 (2):218-235.
  14.  25
    Health Care Ethics Committees: The Next Generation. [REVIEW]J. W. Ross, J. W. Glaser, D. Rasinski-Gregory, J. M. Gibson, C. Bayley & Giles R. Scofield - 1994 - HEC Forum 6 (3):157-162.
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  15.  65
    The Insurrectionist Challenge to Pragmatism and Maria W. Stewart's Feminist Insurrectionist Ethics. Carter - 2013 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 49 (1):54.
    Ten years ago a challenge was leveled by Leonard Harris against the American philosophical tradition known as pragmatism; one that has gone largely ignored, and not, on my estimation, because the challenge is easily addressed. “A philosophy,” Harris writes, “that offers moral intuitions, reasoning strategies, motivations, and examples of just moral actions but falls short of requiring that we have a moral duty to support or engage in slave insurrections is defective” (Harris, 192). He continues, “a philosophy that does not (...)
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  16.  17
    Anglo-Norman Dictionary, 7: T-Z.William Rothwell, Stewart Gregory, D. A. Trotter.Brian Merrilees - 1994 - Speculum 69 (4):1266-1268.
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  17. Genes, Germs, and Schizophrenia: An Evolutionary Perspective.Levi G. Ledgerwood, Paul W. Ewald & Gregory M. Cochran - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (3):317-348.
  18.  26
    Theoria Combinationis Observationum Erroribus Minimis obnoxiaeCarl Friedrich Gauss G. W. Stewart.Craig Fraser - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):660-661.
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  19.  5
    Poetic Ethics in Proverbs: Wisdom Literature and the Shaping of the Moral Self. By Anne W. Stewart. Pp. Vii, 247, Cambridge/NY, Cambridge University Press, 2016, $99.99. [REVIEW]Patrick Madigan - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (6):1026-1027.
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  20. W.E.B. Du Bois on Race and Culture Philosophy, Politics, and Poetics.Bernard W. Bell, Emily Grosholz & James B. Stewart - 1996
  21.  4
    Garrett Stewart. Cinemachines: An Essay on Media and Method. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020. 201 Pp. [REVIEW]Gregory Zinman - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 48 (1):194-196.
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  22.  9
    First Page Preview.Stephen Clark, Stephen L. Eliason, Sameer Hinduja, Justin W. Patchin & Gregory M. Zimmerman - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (1).
  23. Belief is Not the Issue: A Defence of Inference to the Best Explanation.Gregory W. Dawes - 2013 - Ratio 26 (1):62-78.
    Defences of inference to the best explanation (IBE) frequently associate IBE with scientific realism, the idea that it is reasonable to believe our best scientific theories. I argue that this linkage is unfortunate. IBE does not warrant belief, since the fact that a theory is the best available explanation does not show it to be (even probably) true. What IBE does warrant is acceptance: taking a proposition as a premise in theoretical and/or practical reasoning. We ought to accept our best (...)
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  24.  39
    Theism and Explanation.Gregory W. Dawes - 2009 - Routledge.
    In this timely study, Dawes defends the methodological naturalism of the sciences. Though religions offer what appear to be explanations of various facts about the world, the scientist, as scientist, will not take such proposed explanations seriously. Even if no natural explanation were available, she will assume that one exists. Is this merely a sign of atheistic prejudice, as some critics suggest? Or are there good reasons to exclude from science explanations that invoke a supernatural agent? On the one hand, (...)
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  25. Institutionism, Pluralism, and Cognitive Command.Stewart Shapiro & William W. Taschek - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (2):74.
  26.  92
    Successful Psychopaths: Are They Unethical Decision-Makers and Why?Gregory W. Stevens, Jacqueline K. Deuling & Achilles A. Armenakis - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (2):139-149.
    Successful psychopaths, defined as individuals in the general population who nevertheless possess some degree of psychopathic traits, are receiving increasing amounts of empirical attention. To date, little is known about such individuals, specifically with regard to how they respond to ethical dilemmas in business contexts. This study investigated this relationship, proposing a mediated model in which the positive relationship between psychopathy and unethical decision-making is explained through the process of moral disengagement, defined as a cognitive orientation that facilitates unethical choice. (...)
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  27.  42
    Identifying Pseudoscience: A Social Process Criterion.Gregory W. Dawes - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (3):283-298.
    Many philosophers have come to believe there is no single criterion by which one can distinguish between a science and a pseudoscience. But it need not follow that no distinction can be made: a multifactorial account of what constitutes a pseudoscience remains possible. On this view, knowledge-seeking activities fall on a spectrum, with the clearly scientific at one end and the clearly non-scientific at the other. When proponents claim a clearly non-scientific activity to be scientific, it can be described as (...)
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  28.  3
    Galileo and the Conflict Between Religion and Science.Gregory W. Dawes - 2016 - Routledge.
    For more than 30 years, historians have rejected what they call the ‘warfare thesis’ – the idea that there is an inevitable conflict between religion and science – insisting that scientists and believers can live in harmony. This book disagrees. Taking as its starting point the most famous of all such conflicts, the Galileo affair, it argues that religious and scientific communities exhibit very different attitudes to knowledge. Scripturally based religions not only claim a source of knowledge distinct from human (...)
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  29. Supererogation, Wrongdoing, and Vice: On the Autonomy of the Ethics of Virtue.Gregory W. Trianosky - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):26-40.
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  30. Studies in Greek Philosophy.Gregory Vlastos & D. W. Graham - 1995
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  31. Rightly Ordered Appetites: How to Live Morally and Live Well.Gregory W. Trianosky - 1988 - American Philosophical Quarterly 25 (1):1 - 12.
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  32.  45
    Enlarging the Conversation.Stewart W. Herman - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):5-20.
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  33. In Defense of Naturalism.Gregory W. Dawes - 2011 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (1):3-25.
    History and the modern sciences are characterized by what is sometimes called a methodological naturalism that disregards talk of divine agency. Some religious thinkers argue that this reflects a dogmatic materialism: a non-negotiable and a priori commitment to a materialist metaphysics. In response to this charge, I make a sharp distinction between procedural requirements and metaphysical commitments. The procedural requirement of history and the sciences—that proposed explanations appeal to publicly-accessible bodies of evidence—is non-negotiable, but has no metaphysical implications. The metaphysical (...)
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  34.  8
    Sarah Stewart-Kroeker, Pilgrimage as Moral and Aesthetic Formation in Augustine’s Thought.Gregory J. Kerr - 2019 - Augustinian Studies 50 (2):255-258.
  35.  21
    Ludwik Gross, Sarah Stewart, and the 1950s Discoveries of Gross Murine Leukemia Virus and Polyoma Virus.Gregory J. Morgan - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:200-209.
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  36.  58
    The Naturalism of the Sciences.Gregory W. Dawes & Tiddy Smith - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 67:22-31.
    The sciences are characterized by what is sometimes called a “methodological naturalism,” which disregards talk of divine agency. In response to those who argue that this reflects a dogmatic materialism, a number of philosophers have offered a pragmatic defense. The naturalism of the sciences, they argue, is provisional and defeasible: it is justified by the fact that unsuccessful theistic explanations have been superseded by successful natural ones. But this defense is inconsistent with the history of the sciences. The sciences have (...)
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  37. Evolution Without Species: The Case of Mosaic Bacteriophages.Gregory J. Morgan & W. Brad Pitts - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (4):745-765.
    College of Medicine, University of South Alabama Mobile, AL 36688-0002, USA wbp501{at}jaguar1.usouthal.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Recent work in viral genomics has shown that bacteriophages exhibit a high degree of mosaicism, which is most likely due to a long history of prolific horizontal gene transfer (HGT). Given these findings, we argue that each of the most plausible attempts to properly classify bacteriophages into distinct species fail. Mayr's biological species concept fails because there is (...)
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  38.  33
    Noninductive Evidence: Recent Work on Wittgenstein's "Criteria".W. Gregory Lycan - 1971 - American Philosophical Quarterly 8 (2):109 - 125.
  39.  18
    A New Science of Religion.Gregory W. Dawes & James Maclaurin (eds.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    This volume examines the diversity of new scientific theories of religion, by outlining the logical and causal relationships between these enterprises.
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  40.  24
    Using the Earthly City.Gregory W. Lee - 2016 - Augustinian Studies 47 (1):41-63.
    Augustine’s political theology is characterized by two apparently contradictory impulses: his harsh moral critique of non-Christian political communities, and his approbation of Christian participation in these communities. I argue that Augustine’s ecclesiology illuminates the coherence of his thought on these matters. Augustine’s assertion against the Donatists that Christians do not contract guilt from ecclesial fellowship with sinners reflects his larger vision of the relation between the earthly and heavenly cities. Association with sinners is no more avoidable in the civic sphere (...)
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  41. Rule-Utilitarianism and the Slippery Slope.Gregory W. Trianosky - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (8):414-424.
    It is sometimes said that permitting, say, voluntary euthanasia would erode the motivations and inhibitions supporting other, legitimate prohibitions on killing to the point where widespread disregard for the moral law would result. this paper discusses the relevance of such "slippery slope" arguments for the rule-utilitarian who claims that we can assess moral rules by asking whether their acceptance would maximize utility. first it is argued that any normative theory of this type cannot recognize slope arguments as legitimate considerations in (...)
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  42. Parts and Wholes: The Human Microbiome, Ecological Ontology, and the Challenges of Community.Gregory W. Schneider & Russell Winslow - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (2):208-223.
    Starting in June 2012, a series of articles in the journal Nature and in the online journals of the Public Library of Science made public the first results of a massive, international collaborative scientific endeavor known as the “Human Microbiome Project” . This project, which is attempting to categorize the vast number of microbiological species and organisms that live in and on the “healthy” human body, raises important questions about what it means to be a whole individual organism, especially if (...)
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  43. What is Wrong with Intelligent Design?Gregory W. Dawes - 2007 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 61 (2):69 - 81.
    While a great deal of abuse has been directed at intelligent design theory (ID), its starting point is a fact about biological organisms that cries out for explanation, namely "specified complexity" (SC). Advocates of ID deploy three kind of argument from specified complexity to the existence of a designer: an eliminative argument, an inductive argument, and an inference to the best explanation. Only the first of these merits the abuse directed at it; the other two arguments are worthy of respect. (...)
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  44.  46
    Neural Correlates of Suspiciousness and Interactions with Anxiety During Emotional and Neutral Word Processing.Joscelyn E. Fisher, Gregory A. Miller, Sarah M. Sass, Rebecca Levin Silton, J. Christopher Edgar, Jennifer L. Stewart, Jing Zhou & Wendy Heller - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  45. On the Obligation to Be Virtuous: Shaftesbury and the Question, Why Be Moral?Gregory W. Trianosky - 1978 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (3):289-300.
  46.  27
    Enhanced Peripheral Visual Processing in Congenitally Deaf Humans is Supported by Multiple Brain Regions, Including Primary Auditory Cortex.Gregory D. Scott, Christina M. Karns, Mark W. Dow, Courtney Stevens & Helen J. Neville - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  47.  9
    Supererogation, Wrongdoing, and Vice: On the Autonomy of the Ethics of Virtue.Gregory W. Trianosky - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):26-40.
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  48. Studies in Greek Philosophy.Gregory Vlastos & D. W. Graham - 1996 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 50 (4):665-665.
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  49.  31
    On "Intentionality" and the Psychological.W. Gregory Lycan - 1969 - American Philosophical Quarterly 6 (4):305-311.
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  50.  35
    Enacted Others: Specifying Goffman's Phenomenological Omissions and Sociological Accomplishments.Gregory W. H. Smith - 2005 - Human Studies 28 (4):397-415.
    Erving Goffman's distinctive contribution to an understanding of others was grounded in his information control and ritual models of the interaction process. This contribution centered on the forms of the interaction order rather than self-other relations as traditionally conceived in phenomenology. Goffman came to phenomenology as a sympathetic but critical outsider who sought resources for the sociological mining of the interaction order. His engagement with phenomenological thinkers (principally Gustav Ichheiser, Jean-Paul Sartre and Alfred Schutz) has to be understood in these (...)
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