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Walter Glannon [97]Walter Peter Glannon [1]
  1. Brain, Mind and Machine: What Are the Implications of Deep Brain Stimulation for Perceptions of Personal Identity, Agency and Free Will?Nir Lipsman & Walter Glannon - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (9):465-470.
    Brain implants, such as Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), which are designed to improve motor, mood and behavioural pathology, present unique challenges to our understanding of identity, agency and free will. This is because these devices can have visible effects on persons' physical and psychological properties yet are essentially undetectable when operating correctly. They can supplement and compensate for one's inherent abilities and faculties when they are compromised by neuropsychiatric disorders. Further, unlike talk therapy or pharmacological treatments, patients need not ‘do’ (...)
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  2.  41
    Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face.Walter Glannon - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is a discussion of the most timely and contentious issues in the two branches of neuroethics: the neuroscience of ethics; and the ethics of neuroscience. Drawing upon recent work in psychiatry, neurology, and neurosurgery, it develops a phenomenologically inspired theory of neuroscience to explain the brain-mind relation. The idea that the mind is shaped not just by the brain but also by the body and how the human subject interacts with the environment has significant implications for free will, (...)
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  3.  49
    Beyond Consent in Research.Emily Bell, Eric Racine, Paula Chiasson, Maya Dufourcq-Brana, Laura B. Dunn, Joseph J. Fins, Paul J. Ford, Walter Glannon, Nir Lipsman, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Debra J. H. Mathews & Mary Pat Mcandrews - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (3):361-368.
    Vulnerability is an important criterion to assess the ethical justification of the inclusion of participants in research trials. Currently, vulnerability is often understood as an attribute inherent to a participant by nature of a diagnosed condition. Accordingly, a common ethical concern relates to the participant’s decisionmaking capacity and ability to provide free and informed consent. We propose an expanded view of vulnerability that moves beyond a focus on consent and the intrinsic attributes of participants. We offer specific suggestions for how (...)
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  4. Psychopharmacological Enhancement.Walter Glannon - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (1):45-54.
    Many drugs have therapeutic off-label uses for which they were not originally designed. Some drugs designed to treat neuropsychiatric and other disorders may enhance certain normal cognitive and affective functions. Because the long-term effects of cognitive and affective enhancement are not known and may be harmful, a precautionary principle limiting its use seems warranted. As an expression of autonomy, though, competent individuals should be permitted to take cognition- and mood-enhancing agents. But they need to be aware of the risks in (...)
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  5. Our Brains Are Not Us.Walter Glannon - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (6):321-329.
    Many neuroscientists have claimed that our minds are just a function of and thus reducible to our brains. I challenge neuroreductionism by arguing that the mind emerges from and is shaped by interaction among the brain, body, and environment. The mind is not located in the brain but is distributed among these three entities. I then explore the implications of the distributed mind for neuroethics.
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  6.  12
    Diminishing and Enhancing Free Will.Walter Glannon - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (3):15-26.
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  7. Moral Responsibility and the Psychopath.Walter Glannon - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (3):158-166.
    Psychopathy involves impaired capacity for prudential and moral reasoning due to impaired capacity for empathy, remorse, and sensitivity to fear-inducing stimuli. Brain abnormalities and genetic polymorphisms associated with these traits appear to justify the claim that psychopaths cannot be morally responsible for their behavior. Yet psychopaths are capable of instrumental reasoning in achieving their goals, which suggests that they have some capacity to respond to moral reasons against performing harmful acts and refrain from performing them. The cognitive and affective impairment (...)
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  8. Free Will and the Brain: Neuroscientific, Philosophical, and Legal Perspectives.Walter Glannon (ed.) - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Neuroscientific evidence has educated us in the ways in which the brain mediates our thought and behavior and, therefore, forced us to critically examine how we conceive of free will. This volume, featuring contributions from an international and interdisciplinary group of distinguished researchers and scholars, explores how our increasing knowledge of the brain can elucidate the concept of the will and whether or to what extent it is free. It also examines how brain science can inform our normative judgments of (...)
     
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  9.  21
    Consent to Deep Brain Stimulation for Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders.Walter Glannon - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (2):104.
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  10.  58
    Intervening in the Psychopath’s Brain.Walter Glannon - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (1):43-57.
    Psychopathy is a disorder involving personality and behavioral features associated with a high rate of violent aggression and recidivism. This paper explores potential psychopharmacological therapies to modulate dysfunctional neural pathways in psychopaths and reduce the incidence of their harmful behavior, as well as the ethical and legal implications of offering these therapies as an alternative to incarceration. It also considers whether forced psychopharmacological intervention in adults and children with psychopathic traits manifesting in violent behavior can be justified. More generally, the (...)
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  11. Neuroethics.Walter Glannon - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (1):37–52.
  12. Neurobiology, Neuroimaging, and Free Will.Walter Glannon - 2005 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):68-82.
  13.  20
    The Value and Disvalue of Consciousness.Walter Glannon - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (4):600-612.
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  14.  83
    Moral Responsibility and Personal Identity.Walter Glannon - 1998 - American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (3):231 - 249.
  15.  56
    Indentity, Prudential Concern, and Extended Lives.Walter Glannon - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (3):266–283.
  16.  25
    The Moral Insignificance of Death in Organ Donation.Walter Glannon - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (2):192-202.
  17.  34
    Donation, Death, and Harm.Walter Glannon - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):48-49.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 48-49, August 2011.
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  18.  17
    Anaesthesia, Amnesia and Harm.Walter Glannon - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):651-657.
  19.  87
    Responsibility and Priority in Liver Transplantation.Walter Glannon - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (1):23.
    In a provocative 1991 paper, Alvin Moss and Mark Siegler argued that it may be fair to give individuals with alcohol-related end-stage liver disease lower priority for a liver transplant than those who develop end-stage liver disease from other factors. Like other organs, there is a substantial gap between the available livers for transplantation and the number of people who need liver transplants. Yet, unlike those with end-stage renal disease, who can survive for some time on dialysis before receiving a (...)
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  20.  46
    Extending the Human Life Span.Walter Glannon - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (3):339 – 354.
    Research into the mechanisms of aging has suggested the possibility of extending the human life span. But there may be evolutionary biological reasons for senescence and the limits of the cell cycle that explain the infirmities of aging and the eventual demise of all human organisms. Genetic manipulation of the mechanisms of aging could over many generations alter the course of natural selection and shift the majority of deleterious mutations in humans from later to earlier stages of life. This could (...)
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  21. Genes and Future People: Philosophical Issues in Human Genetics.Walter Glannon - 2001 - Westview Press.
    Advances in genetic technology in general and medical genetics in particular will enable us to intervene in the process of human biological development which extends from zygotes and embryos to people. This will allow us to control to a great extent the identities and the length and quality of the lives of people who already exist, as well as those we bring into existence in the near and distant future. Genes and Future People explores two general philosophical questions, one metaphysical, (...)
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  22.  10
    Science Fiction and Human Enhancement: Radical Life-Extension in the Movie ‘In Time’.Johann A. R. Roduit, Tobias Eichinger & Walter Glannon - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (3):287-293.
    The ethics of human enhancement has been a hotly debated topic in the last 15 years. In this debate, some advocate examining science fiction stories to elucidate the ethical issues regarding the current phenomenon of human enhancement. Stories from science fiction seem well suited to analyze biomedical advances, providing some possible case studies. Of particular interest is the work of screenwriter Andrew Niccol, which often focuses on ethical questions raised by the use of new technologies. Examining the movie In Time, (...)
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  23. Depression as a Mind-Body Problem.Walter Glannon - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):243-254.
  24.  37
    Do Genetic Relationships Create Moral Obligations in Organ Transplantation?Walter Glannon & Lainie Friedman Ross - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (2):153-159.
    In 1999, a case was described on national television in which a woman had enlisted onto an international bone marrow registry with the altruistic desire to offer her bone marrow to some unidentified individual in need of a transplant. The potential donor then was notified that she was a compatible match with someone dying from leukemia and gladly donated her marrow, which cured the recipient of the disease. Years later, though, the recipient developed end-stage renal disease, a consequence of the (...)
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  25.  80
    Responsibility, Alcoholism, and Liver Transplantation.Walter Glannon - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (1):31 – 49.
    Many believe that it is morally wrong to give lower priority for a liver transplant to alcoholics with end-stage liver disease than to patients whose disease is not alcohol-related. Presumably, alcoholism is a disease that results from factors beyond one's control and therefore one cannot be causally or morally responsible for alcoholism or the liver failure that results from it. Moreover, giving lower priority to alcoholics unfairly singles them out for the moral vice of heavy drinking. I argue that the (...)
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  26. Neurodiversity.Walter Glannon - 2007 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 2 (2):1.
    The neurological and psychological traits that regulate our thought and behavior fall along a spectrum that extends from the normal to the pathological, from traits that enable us to perform mental and physical functions to traits that interfere with these functions. Yet many people have a constellation of both normal and pathological mental traits. Some even have traits associated with exceptional intellectual or artistic ability despite being diagnosed as having a neurological or psychiatric disorder. These cases raise medical, ethical and (...)
     
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  27. Key Concepts: Endophenotypes.Walter Glannon - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (3):277-284.
  28.  32
    Psychopathy and Responsibility.Walter Glannon - 1997 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (3):263–275.
  29.  28
    The Limitations and Potential of Neuroimaging in the Criminal Law.Walter Glannon - 2014 - The Journal of Ethics 18 (2):153-170.
    Neuroimaging showing brain abnormalities is increasingly being introduced in criminal court proceedings to argue that a defendant could not control his behavior and should not be held responsible for it. But imaging has questionable probative value because it does not directly capture brain function or a defendant’s mental states at the time of a criminal act. Advanced techniques could transform imaging from a coarse-grained measure of correlations between brain states and behavior to a fine-grained measure of causal connections between them. (...)
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  30.  4
    Altered Inheritance: CRISPR and the Ethics of Human Genome Editing Françoise Baylis Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press: 2019. 287 Pp. ISBN 9780674976719. US$24.95. [REVIEW]Walter Glannon - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (5):555-556.
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  31.  65
    Persons, Lives, and Posthumous Harms.Walter Glannon - 2001 - Journal of Social Philosophy 32 (2):127–142.
  32.  47
    Neuropsychological Aspects of Enhancing the Will.Walter Glannon - 2012 - The Monist 95 (3):378-398.
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  33.  7
    Prognosis Matters, Not Diagnosis.Walter Glannon - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (4):34-35.
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  34.  38
    Genes, Embryos, and Future People.Walter Glannon - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (3):187–211.
  35. The Case Against Conscription of Cadaveric Organs for Transplantation.Walter Glannon - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):330-336.
    In a recent set of papers, Aaron Spital has proposed conscription or routine recovery of cadaveric organs without consent as a way of ameliorating the severe shortage of organs for transplantation. Under the existing consent requirement, organs can be taken from the bodies of the deceased if they expressed a wish and intention to donate while alive. Organs may also be taken when families or other substitute decisionmakers decide on behalf of the deceased to allow organ procurement for the purpose (...)
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  36.  45
    Responsibility and the Principle of Possible Action.Walter Glannon - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy 92 (5):261-274.
  37.  61
    Temporal Asymmetry, Life, and Death.Walter Glannon - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (3):235 - 244.
  38. Neuroscience, Free Will and Responsibility.Walter Glannon - 2009 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 4:1-6.
    Some cognitive neuroscientists and psychologists claim that our conscious mental states and actions can be explained entirely in terms of unconscious mechanical processes in the brain. This suggests that our belief in free will is an illusion and that we cannot be responsible for our actions. I argue that neuroscience as such does not threaten free and responsible agency. The real threat to free will is not normal brain function but brain dysfunction that impairs or undermines our capacity for agency.
     
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  39.  51
    Deep-Brain Stimulation for Depression.Walter Glannon - 2008 - HEC Forum 20 (4):325-335.
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  40. Biomedical Ethics.Walter Glannon (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Today, advances in medicine and biotechnology occur at a rapid pace and have a profound impact on our lives. Mechanical devices can sustain an injured person's life indefinitely. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the body and brain can reveal disorders before symptoms appear. Genetic testing of embryos can predict whether people will have diseases earlier or later in life. It may even become possible to clone human beings. These and other developments raise difficult ethical questions. (...)
     
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  41.  14
    Taylor on Posthumous Organ Procurement.Walter Glannon - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):637-638.
    In defending what he calls ‘full-blooded Epicureanism’, James Stacey Taylor argues that the dead cannot be harmed or wronged.1 This has implications for a range of bioethical issues pertaining to death, including posthumous organ procurement. Taylor claims that respecting the autonomy of persons requires that their desires regarding the treatment of their postmortem bodies be given due consideration while these persons are alive. It is not obvious what this means in practical terms, though Taylor says that respect for autonomy requires (...)
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  42.  42
    Response to “Intrafamilial Organ Donation Is Often an Altruistic Act” by Aaron Spital and “Donor Benefit Is the Key to Justified Living Organ Donation,” by Aaron Spital : Motivation, Risk, and Benefit in Living Organ Donation: A Reply to Aaron Spital. [REVIEW]Walter Glannon & Lainie Friedman Ross - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):191-194.
    In a recent article in this journal, we argued that living organ donation from a parent to a child should be described as a beneficent rather than an altruistic act. Emotional relationships can generate an obligation of beneficence to help those with whom we have these relationships. This may involve an obligation for a parent to donate an organ to a child, even though it entails some risk to the parent. The parent's donation is not altruistic because altruistic acts are (...)
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  43.  20
    Moral Enhancement as a Collective Action Problem.Walter Glannon - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83:59-85.
    In light of the magnitude of interpersonal harm and the risk of greater harm in the future, Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu have argued for pharmacological enhancement of moral behaviour. I discuss moral bioenhancement as a set of collective action problems. Psychotropic drugs or other forms of neuromodulation designed to enhance moral sensitivity would have to produce the same or similar effects in the brains of a majority of people. Also, a significant number of healthy subjects would have to participate (...)
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  44.  86
    The Psychology and Physiology of Depression.Walter Glannon - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):265-269.
  45.  74
    Neurostimulation and the Minimally Conscious State.Walter Glannon - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (6):337–345.
    Neurostimulation to restore cognitive and physical functions is an innovative and promising technique for treating patients with severe brain injury that has resulted in a minimally conscious state (MCS). The technique may involve electrical stimulation of the central thalamus, which has extensive projections to the cerebral cortex. Yet it is unclear whether an improvement in neurological functions would result in a net benefit for these patients. Quality-of-life measurements would be necessary to determine whether any benefit of neurostimulation outweighed any harm (...)
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  46.  41
    Psychopathy and Responsibility: Empirical Data and Normative Judgments.Walter Glannon - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (1):13-15.
    Psychopathy is one of the most frequently cited disorders in discussions of moral and criminal responsibility. Many philosophers and psychologists have argued that psychopaths’ impaired capacity for empathy, diminished responses to fear-inducing stimuli, and failure to conform to social norms indicate that they are not responsible for their actions. In “Philosophers on psychopaths: A cautionary tale in interdisciplinarity,” Jarkko Jalava and Stephanie Griffiths cite psychological data from case studies, the moral/conventional distinction task, fear conditioning and facial affect recognition experiments in (...)
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  47.  90
    Obsessions, Compulsions, and Free Will.Walter Glannon - 2012 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (4):333-337.
    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and other psychiatric disorders can interfere with a person’s capacity to control the nature of his mental states and how they issue in his decisions and actions. Insofar as this sort of control is identified with free will, and psychiatric disorders can impair this control, these disorders can impair free will. The will can be compromised by dysregulated neural networks that disable the mental mechanisms necessary to regulate thought, motivation, and action. Neural and mental dys-function result in (...)
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  48.  48
    Equality, Priority, and Numbers.Walter Glannon - 1995 - Social Theory and Practice 21 (3):427-455.
  49. Special Theme for This Issue: "Neurodiversity".Walter Glannon - 2007 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 2:1-2.
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  50.  51
    Enhancing Evolution: The Ethical Case for Making Better People, by John Harris. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007. 242 Pp. $28.95. [REVIEW]Walter Glannon - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (4):473-476.
    Readers are invited to contact Greg S. Loeben in writing at Midwestern University, Glendale Campus, Bioethics Program, 19555 N. 59th Ave., Glendale, AZ 85308 regarding books they would like to see reviewed or books they are interested in reviewing.
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