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Walter Gulick [59]Walter B. Gulick [34]Walter Brooks Gulick [1]
  1.  16
    Machine and Person: Reconstructing Harry Collins’s Categories.Walter B. Gulick - forthcoming - AI and Society.
    Are there aspects of human intelligence that artificial intelligence cannot emulate? Harry Collins uses a distinction between tacit aspects of knowing, which cannot be digitized, and explicit aspects, which can be, to formulate an answer to this question. He postulates three purported areas of the tacit and argues that only “collective tacit knowing” cannot be adequately digitized. I argue, first, that Collins’s approach rests upon problematic Cartesian assumptions—particularly his claim that animal knowing is strictly deterministic and, thus, radically different from (...)
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  2.  75
    “Polanyian Biosemiotics and the From-Via-To Dimensions of Meaning”.Walter Gulick - 2012 - Tradition and Discovery 39 (1):18-33.
    A central aim of Michael Polanyi’s philosophy is to demonstrate the many ways in which human existence is meaningful to counter the nihilistic and positivistic accounts that contributed to the world wars and totalitarian governments in the twentieth century. Yet Polanyi’s references to various sorts of meaning is suggestive rather than systematic and coherent. The objective of this essay is to show the relationship between the different aspects of meaning by viewing their emergence in cosmological perspective beginning with simple forms (...)
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  3.  21
    International Business and the Common Good: A Response to Manuel Velasquez.Walter B. Gulick - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (1):45-49.
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  4. Signals, Schemas, Subsidiaries, and Skills: Articulating the Inarticulate.Walter B. Gulick - 2006 - Tradition and Discovery 33 (3):44-62.
    This essay examines Michael Polanyi’s notion of tacit knowing and seeks to clarify and elaborate upon its claims. Tacit knowing, which is conscious although inarticulate, must be distinguished from tacit processes, which are largely unconscious. Schematization is explored as a primary tacit process that humans share with all animals. This tacit process organizes and secures, in long-term memory, information of interest provided by receptors and those learned skifls conducive to survival. Human empirical knowing integrates schematized subsidiaries info articulate explicitness through (...)
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  5.  92
    Prolegomena to a Polanyian Theory of Practice: A Critique of Stephen Turner’s Account. [REVIEW]Walter B. Gulick - 1998 - Tradition and Discovery 25 (1):6-11.
    Stephen Turner explores the social dimensions of practices, probing to see if the notion of a shared practice can be understood as a cause or mechanism whereby knowledge arises and is used. When he concludes that practices are not some mysterious collective object but are best explained as individual habits, he thereby rejects an attenuated notion of practice and replaces it with a needlessly atomistic notion in which habits carry the full burden of explanation. Turner makes use of aspects of (...)
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  6. Polanyi’s Epistemology in the Light of Neuroscience.Walter Gulick - 2009 - Tradition and Discovery 36 (2):73-82.
    In Search of Memory, Eric Kandel’s excellent account of the rise of neuroscience, in which his own research has a prominent place, is reviewed with special attention given to its relation to Michael Polanyi’s philosophy. It is found that Polanyi’s epistemological theory, although established on quite different grounds, accords well with Kandel’ s description of how the brain operates. In particular, Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowing seems to be both enriched and validated by Kandel’s account of how memory functions.
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  7. Letters About Polanyi, Koestler, and Eva Zeisel.Walter Gulick - 2003 - Tradition and Discovery 30 (2):6-10.
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  8. Multiple Paths to Ontology.Walter B. Gulick - 2012 - Tradition and Discovery 39 (2):10-15.
    In a recent article “From Epistemology to Ontology,” Tihamer Margitay argues that Polanyi fails to establish the necessary correlation he claims between the two levels involved in tacit knowing and corresponding ontological levels. I argue that Margitay correctly shows that such a correspondence does not hold in all cases, but I also point out problems in Margitay’s interpretation of Polanyi and suggest additional bases for ontological claims that go beyond Margitay’s analysis.
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  9. Response to Clayton.Walter B. Gulick - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):32-47.
    Inappropriately reductive or deterministic appropriations of science haunt Philip Clayton’s otherwise instructive appropriation of Michael Polanyi’s thought for theological and ethical reflection. The work at hand utilizes contemporary complexity theory to augment Polanyi’s notions of emergence and hierarchy and to provide a vision within which moral responsibility and theological inquiry make sense. It sets forth types and orders of emergence that bypass untenable notions of causality, reducibility, and determinism.
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  10.  83
    That “Treacherous Footnote”: Assessing Grene’s Critique of Polanyi.Walter Gulick - 2010 - Tradition and Discovery 37 (2):45-57.
    While acknowledging her appreciation of and dependence upon the philosophy of Michael Polanyi, Marjorie Grene in developing her own philosophical vision distanced herself from some aspects of Polanyi’s thought. This essay examines her critique of a) Polanyi’s incorporation of religious themes in his writing, b) the teleology present in Polanyi’s understanding of evolution, c) his alleged return to dualistic thought, and d) his confusing use of “subjectivity” in Personal Knowledge. The essay points out ways in which her remarks are sometimes (...)
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  11. Submissions for Publication.Phil Mullins, Walter Gulick & Richard Allen - 1991 - Tradition and Discovery 17 (1-2):57-57.
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  12.  74
    Virtues, Ideals, and the Convivial Community: Further Steps Toward a Polanyian Ethics.Walter B. Gulick - 2003 - Tradition and Discovery 30 (3):40-51.
    The other articles in this issue plus other recent articles on Polanyi’s ethics have helped clarify Polanyi’s distinctive contribution to ethical theory. This article seeks to integrate these insights with Polanyi’s somewhat diffuse treatment of ethics by suggesting what features would be included in a distinctively Polanyian moral point of view. Grounded in psychological satisfactions, social dynamics, and values and ideals regarded as real, Polanyian ethics incorporates features of deontological, utilitarian, and virtue ethics and would support a practice of moral (...)
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  13.  94
    Submissions for Publication.Walter Gulick & Paul Lewis - 2012 - Tradition and Discovery 39 (2):21-21.
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  14. Beyond Epistemology to Realms of Meaning.Walter B. Gulick - 1999 - Tradition and Discovery 26 (3):24-41.
    Ultimately Michael Polanyi moved from theorizing about reality in terms of three overlapping frameworks of analysis (personal knowing, evolution/ecology, and tacit knowing) to a yet more comprehensive framework of interpretation: meaning construction. An analysis of the dimensions of embodied, symbol drenched meaning construction suggests that the modernist tendency to tether reality to epistemological analysis be replaced by an exploration of three interpenetrating ontological regions: experiences of existential meaning, cultural forms of meaning, and external reality. In support of this view, I (...)
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  15.  64
    A Polanyian Metaphysics?: Milton Scarborough’s Nondualistic Philosophical Vision.Walter Gulick - 2010 - Tradition and Discovery 37 (1):39-46.
    This article offers an appreciative review of Milton Scarborough’s book, Comparative Theories of Nonduality: The Search for a Middle Way. The nondualistic metaphysics and epistemology Scarborough argues for integrating three major influences: the Buddhist notions of emptiness and nothingness, ancient Hebrewcovenantal theology, and the minority perspectives within Western philosophy of Polanyi and Merleau-Ponty. What results is a vision of a protean reality that is not captured adequately by fixed essences—especially dualistic alternatives— or by a drive toward some unreachable certainty in (...)
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  16.  63
    Exile and Social Thought: Intellectuals in Germany and Austria, 1919-1933. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 1996 - Tradition and Discovery 23 (2):44-46.
  17.  62
    A Brief Symposium on Mark Mitchell’s Michael Polanyi.Paul Lewis, Walter Gulick & Mark T. Mitchell - 2007 - Tradition and Discovery 34 (2):30-38.
    Paul Lewis and Walter Gulick summarize and evaluate Mark Micthell’s new book, Michael Polanyi: The Art of Knowing, and Mitchell responds to their comments in this symposium article.
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  18.  62
    Polanyi Studies In Hungary.Walter B. Gulick - 1993 - Tradition and Discovery 20 (2):6-8.
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  19.  46
    Susanne Langer in Focus: The Symbolic Mind. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 2010 - Tradition and Discovery 37 (3):69-71.
  20.  66
    Ron Hall's Polanyian Kierkegaardian Critique of the Modern Age.Walter Gulick - 1995 - Tradition and Discovery 22 (3):28-32.
  21.  44
    Where Good Ideas Come From: The Natural History of Innovation. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 2011 - Tradition and Discovery 38 (1):62-64.
  22.  42
    The Search for Meaning: A Short History. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 2008 - Tradition and Discovery 35 (1):50-52.
  23.  46
    Book Review All Things Shining: Reading the Western Classics to Find Meaning in a Secular World Dreyfus Hubert Kelly Sean Dorrance Free Press New York. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 2013 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 34 (1):74-78.
    Rarely have I encountered a book like All Things Shining. It bravely engages issues that are truly significant for our time, yet flaws run through it like faults in the California landscape. The book has spawned contentious critique unusual for a work by contemporary philosophers. Before I offer my own critical analysis, it is fitting first to appreciate what Dreyfus and Kelly attempt to achieve.The foremost contemporary problems the authors combat are what they term "the burden of choice" and a (...)
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  24.  40
    Tacit Knowing, Truthful Knowing: The Life and Thought of Michael Polanyi. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 1999 - Tradition and Discovery 26 (1):29-30.
  25.  44
    Book Review Realism in Religion: A Pragmatist’s Perspective Neville Robert Cummings SUNY Press Albany. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 2013 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 34 (1):70-74.
    Although the title Realism in Religion suggests that this collection of essays might be narrowly focused, this work is an ideal entry to Robert Neville's wide-ranging thought as a whole. All but two of the essays were written as lectures, and consequently, Neville states, "the necessity of writing so as to be understood on first reading makes this book more accessible than my more numbingly nuanced monographs" (xiii). Most of the essays date from the past decade, although two were published (...)
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  26.  34
    Religious Naturalism: A Framework of Interpretation and a Christian Version.Walter B. Gulick - 2013 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 34 (2):154-174.
    Religious naturalism takes very seriously the meanings inherent in both a scientific understanding of the world and a religious orientation to life well lived. It rejects—as implausible and incompatible with science— the supernaturalism that has dominated Western religious traditions. But can one or more of the varieties of religious naturalism satisfy the fundamental religious needs or yearnings for meaning that have typically been responded to within supernaturalistic worldviews? A challenge facing all types of religious naturalism, if any are to take (...)
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  27.  34
    Polanyi and Langer.Walter B. Gulick - 2009 - Tradition and Discovery 36 (1):21-37.
    This article is intended to advance a comprehensive understanding of knowing and meaning that is sensitive to biological and psychological evidence as well as to ethical and religious concerns. It proceeds by integrating Michael Polanyi’s theories of the evolutionary emergence of centered beings, tacit knowing, and the from-[via]-to structure of consciousness with a revised version of Susanne Langer’s theory of symbolization. The revision stresses the importance of signals in all human and other animal attunement to reality and argues for dividing (...)
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  28.  60
    A Brief Brief for Philosopher Kings and Queens.Walter B. Gulick - 2005 - Studies in Practical Philosophy 5 (1):151-157.
    In what manner can philosophy best face world problems? I argue that philosophy's most important contribution to problem solving is not analysis and clarification but synoptic in nature. Relying upon the power of reflection and the scope of imagination as linked to a patient attempt to understand many disciplines, the philosopher ideally seeks to comprehend problems in their many-dimensioned complexity. The disciplines of ecology, evolution, and ethics are especially fruitful in guiding the philosopher seeking to assess the relative worth of (...)
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  29.  46
    Obituary for Gabriella Ujlaki.Richard Gelwick & Walter Gulick - 1994 - Tradition and Discovery 21 (2):6-7.
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  30.  39
    The Absent Body.Walter Gulick - 1991 - Tradition and Discovery 18 (2):43-45.
  31.  31
    Reconsidering Michael Polanyi’s Philosophy. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 2003 - Tradition and Discovery 30 (2):43-47.
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  32.  44
    Submissions for Publication.Phil Mullins, John Puddefoot & Walter Gulick - 1993 - Tradition and Discovery 20 (2):46-46.
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  33.  30
    Knowing the Mystery of Life Within: Selected Writings of Isaac Penington in Their Historical and Theological Context. [REVIEW]Walter Gulick - 2006 - Tradition and Discovery 33 (3):63-64.
  34.  8
    Toward a Comprehensive Interpretation of Aesthetics.Walter B. Gulick - 2020 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 41 (2-3):151-174.
    What is the nature and scope of aesthetic sensibility and thought? Answers to this question have varied greatly over the centuries. In recent decades, however, there have been few attempts to describe the nature and scope of aesthetics within the ambiance of a far-reaching context that takes account of contemporary developments in relevant disciplines. My intention in this essay is to sketch out the contours of such a comprehensive theory.Toward that end I will first offer a brief impressionistic account of (...)
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  35.  34
    Relating Polanyi’s Tacit Dimension to Social Epistemology: Three Recent Interpretations.Walter Gulick - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (3):297-325.
    Recent books by Harry Collins, Neil Gascoigne and Tim Thornton, and Stephen Turner examine the nature of tacit knowledge and the role it plays in society. Their interpretations are outlined and placed in juxtaposition with the extremely broad understanding of tacit factors in knowing set forth by the originator of the term, Michael Polanyi. I argue that the naturalized version advocated by Turner can best develop the richness of Polanyi’s insights, and I sketch out what some of the aspects of (...)
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  36. The Creativity of Intellect: From Ontology to Meaning. The Transmutation of the Sensible and Intelligible Worlds in Kant's Critical Work.Walter B. Gulick - 1994 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 17 (2):99-108.
  37. My Lengthy Involvement with Polanyi’s Thought.Phil Mullins & Walter Gulick - 2022 - Tradition and Discovery 48 (2):36-45.
    In this interview, Phil Mullins asks Walter Gulick about what originally attracted him to Polanyi’s thought. What aspects has he felt might be improved and/or further developed? What is the ongoing import of Polanyi’s accomplishments, and where does the Polanyi Society go from here?
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  38. A Conversation on J. Wentzel van Huyssteen's Gifford Lectures.Leslie A. Muray, Kevin Sharpe Leslie van Gelder, Wesley J. Wildman, Nancy R. Howell, Karl E. Peters, Walter B. Gulick & J. van Huyssteen - 2007 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 28 (3):299-432.
  39.  27
    On Structured Societies and Morphogenetic Fields: A Response to Joseph Bracken.Walter B. Gulick - 2004 - Tradition and Discovery 31 (2):31-36.
    Joseph Bracken proposes to modify Whitehead’s tendency to see the comprehensive entities of everyday life as but aggregations of actual occasions. While there are resources in Polanyi’s notion of an emergent cosmos to counter Whitehead’s atomism and reductionism, Bracken’s use of Polanyi’s theory of a morphogenetic field as a corrective is argued to be only partially successful. Bracken must explain how morphogenetic fields evolve and arise. This step would require replacing Whiteheadian reductionism with a principle of ontological parity that honors (...)
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  40.  8
    Gareth Dale, Karl Polanyi: A Life on the Left.Walter Gulick - 2021 - Tradition and Discovery 47 (1):27-31.
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  41.  26
    Polanyi and Some Philosophical Neighbors: Introduction to This Issue.Walter B. Gulick - 2009 - Tradition and Discovery 36 (1):6-7.
    This brief essay introduces five articles that explore the relationship between the philosophy of Michael Polanyi and several other philosophers and that suggest ways that Polanyi’s post-critical thought might be enriched by their philosophical insights.
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  42.  37
    The Tacit Victory and the Unfinished Agenda.David W. Rutledge, Walter B. Gulick, John V. Apczynski, Doug Adams & J. Stines - 1991 - Tradition and Discovery 18 (1):5-17.
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  43.  25
    Polanyi’s Scholarly Influence: A Review Article.Walter B. Gulick - 2004 - Tradition and Discovery 31 (1):11-23.
    This essay critically discusses books not previously reviewed in Tradition and Discovery yet making significant use of Michael Polanyi’s thought. These works suggest Polanyi’s thought continues to play an importanf, if limited, role in contemporary scholarship.
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  44.  32
    Introduction to This Issue on Biology and Polanyian Ethics.Walter B. Gulick - 2003 - Tradition and Discovery 30 (3):5-5.
  45.  28
    The View From the Center of the Universe.Walter Gulick - 2006 - Tradition and Discovery 33 (2):66-68.
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  46.  26
    Submissions for Publication.Phil Mullins & Walter Gulick - 1995 - Tradition and Discovery 22 (1):39-39.
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  47.  38
    Multiple Democracies in Theory and History.Walter Gulick - 2009 - Tradition and Discovery 36 (2):83-85.
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  48.  25
    Alone in the World?Walter Gulick - 2006 - Tradition and Discovery 33 (1):36-37.
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  49.  25
    Homage to Richard Gelwick, 1931-2014.Walter Gulick & Phil Mullins - 2014 - Tradition and Discovery 41 (1):5-9.
    This essay celebrates the life and achievements of Richard Gelwick, the man perhaps most responsible for not only recognizing the importance of the thought of Michael Polanyi, but also for communicating its significance and giving it institutional continuity.
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  50.  21
    Submissions for Publication.Phil Mullins & Walter Gulick - 1994 - Tradition and Discovery 21 (3):31-31.
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