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Warren Schmaus [64]Warren Stanley Schmaus [1]Warren S. Schmaus [1]
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Warren Schmaus
Illinois Institute of Technology
  1.  1
    Rethinking Durkheim and His Tradition.Warren Schmaus - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a reassessment of the work of Emile Durkheim in the context of a French philosophical tradition that had seriously misinterpreted Kant by interpreting his theory of the categories as psychological faculties. Durkheim's sociological theory of the categories, as revealed by Warren Schmaus, is an attempt to provide an alternative way of understanding Kant. For Durkheim the categories are necessary conditions for human society. The concepts of causality, space and time underpin the moral rules and obligations that make (...)
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  2.  25
    A Reappraisal Of Comte's Three-State Law.Warren Schmaus - 1982 - History and Theory 21 (2):248-266.
    Comte's three-state law concerns the historical development of our methods of cognitive inquiry. Comte believes he can defend his three-state law either by :,rational proofs" based upon our knowledge of the human mind or upon 'historical verifications." Comte then uses the three-state law of scientific progress to argue for the existence of industrial and multistate political laws of progress. Here Comte strays from his positivism. He attributes a kind of causal efficacy to scientific progress which leads him to look for (...)
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  3.  24
    Renouvier and the Method of Hypothesis.Warren Schmaus - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (1):132-148.
    Renouvier was among the first philosophers in France to break with the nineteenth-century inductivist tradition and defend the use of hypotheses in science. Earlier in the century, the humanistically-educated eclectic spiritualist philosophers who dominated French academic life had followed Reid in proscribing the use of hypotheses. Renouvier, who was educated in the sciences, took up the Comtean positivist alternative and developed it further. He began by defending hypotheses that anticipate laws governing the phenomena, but then eventually adopted a more liberal (...)
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  4.  1
    Durkheim's Philosophy of Science and the Sociology of Knowledge: Creating an Intellectual Niche.Warren Schmaus & Warren S. Schmaus - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    This text demonstrates the link between philosophy of science and scientific practice. Durkheim's sociology is examined as more than a collection of general observations about society, since the constructed theory of the meanings and causes of social life is incorporated.
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  5.  2
    Fraud and the Norms of Science.Warren Schmaus - 1983 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 8 (4):12-22.
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  6.  44
    A Manifesto.Warren Schmaus, Ullica Segerstrale & Douglas Jesseph - 1992 - Social Epistemology 6 (3):243-265.
  7.  26
    Henri Poincaré and Charles Renouvier on Conventions; or, How Science Is Like Politics.Warren Schmaus - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (2):182-198.
  8.  51
    Kant's Reception in France: Theories of the Categories in Academic Philosophy, Psychology, and Social Science.Warren Schmaus - 2003 - Perspectives on Science 11 (1):3-34.
    : It has been said that Kant's critical philosophy made it impossible to pursue either the Cartesian rationalist or the Lockean empiricist program of providing a foundation for the sciences (e.g., Guyer 1992). This claim does not hold true for much of nineteenth century French philosophy, especially the eclectic spiritualist tradition that begins with Victor Cousin (1792-1867) and Pierre Maine de Biran (1766-1824) and continues through Paul Janet (1823-99). This tradition assimilated Kant's transcendental apperception of the unity of experience to (...)
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  9. 1. Preface Preface (Pp. I-Ii).Marcel Weber, Warren Schmaus, Heather A. Jamniczky, Gry Oftedal, Robert C. Bishop, Axel Gelfert, Mathias Frisch, Daniel Parker, Mario Castagnino & Olimpia Lombardi - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):687-698.
    The study of similarity is fundamental to biological inquiry. Many homology concepts have been formulated that function successfully to explain similarity in their native domains, but fail to provide an overarching account applicable to variably interconnected and independent areas of biological research despite the monistic standpoint from which they originate. The use of multiple, explicitly articulated homology concepts, applicable at different levels of the biological hierarchy, allows a more thorough investigation of the nature of biological similarity. Responsible epistemological pluralism as (...)
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  10.  46
    The Empirical Character of Methodological Rules.Warren Schmaus - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):106.
    Critics of Laudan's normative naturalism have questioned whether methodological rules can be regarded as empirical hypotheses about relations between means and ends. Drawing on Laudan's defense that rules of method are contingent on assumptions about the world, I argue that even if such rules can be shown to be analytic in principle (Kaiser 1991), in practice the warrant for such rules will be empirical. Laudan's naturalism, however, acquires normative force only by construing both methods and epistemic goals as instrumental to (...)
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  11. Functionalism and the Meaning of Social Facts.Warren Schmaus - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):323.
    This paper defends a social functionalist interpretation, modeled on psychological functionalism, of the meanings of social facts. Social functionalism provides a better explanation of the possibility of interpreting other cultures than approaches that identify the meanings of social facts with either mental states or behavior. I support this claim through a functionalist reinterpretation of sociological accounts of the categories that identify them with their collective representations. Taking the category of causality as my example, I show that if we define it (...)
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  12.  9
    The Empirical Character of Methodological Rules.Warren Schmaus - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S98-S106.
    Critics of Laudan's normative naturalism have questioned whether methodological rules can be regarded as empirical hypotheses about relations between means and ends. Drawing on Laudan's defense that rules of method are contingent on assumptions about the world, I argue that even if such rules can be shown to be analytic in principle, in practice the warrant for such rules will be empirical. Laudan's naturalism, however, acquires normative force only by construing both methods and epistemic goals as instrumental to practical concerns, (...)
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  13.  57
    Science and the Social Contract in Renouvier.Warren Schmaus - 2011 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):73-100.
    Renouvier criticized Comte’s positivist philosophy of science and proposed a social contract approach for dealing with normative questions in philosophy of science as well as moral philosophy. Renouvier then questioned Kant’s distinction between practical and theoretical reason and argued that judgments concerning epistemic warrant must be freely made in the same way that moral judgments are made. What counts as scientific knowledge depends on a consensus within the scientific community that develops over time through critical inquiry in much the same (...)
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  14.  17
    Sociology and Hacking's Trousers.Warren Schmaus - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:167 - 173.
    For Hacking, the word "real", like the sexist expression "wear the trousers", takes its meaning from its negative uses. In this essay, I criticize Hacking's reasons for believing that the objects of study of the social sciences are not real. First I argue that the realism issue in the social sciences concerns not unobservable entities but systems of social classification. I then argue that Hacking's social science nominalism derives from his considering social groups in isolation from the entire social system. (...)
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  15.  19
    Reasons, Causes, and the 'Strong Programme' in the Sociology of Knowledge.Warren Schmaus - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (2):189-196.
  16.  4
    Cournot and Renouvier on Scientific Revolutions.Warren Schmaus - forthcoming - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:1-11.
    Historians of philosophy have hitherto either given scant attention to Cournot and Renouvier’s views on scientific revolution, tried to read Kuhn’s concept of scientific revolution back into their works, or did not fully appreciate the extent to which these philosophers were reflecting on the works of their predecessors as well as on developments in mathematics and the sciences. Cournot’s views on cumulative development through revolution resemble Comte’s more than Kuhn’s, and his notion of progressive theoretical simplicity through revolution recalls Whewell’s (...)
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  17. Fraud and Misrepresentation in Research: Whose Rights?Warren Schmaus - 1984 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 6 (5):10.
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  18. John Oulton Wisdom, 1908-1993.Warren Schmaus - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):147.
     
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  19. Political Philosophy of Science in Nineteenth-Century France: From Comte’s Positivism to Renouvier’s Conventionalism.Warren Schmaus - 2017 - In Marcus P. Adams, Zvi Biener, Uljana Feest & Jacqueline Anne Sullivan (eds.), Eppur Si Muove: Doing History and Philosophy of Science with Peter Machamer: A Collection of Essays in Honor of Peter Machamer. Springer.
    Recent controversy over whether the Vienna Circle can provide a model for today’s political turn in the philosophy of science indicates the need to clarify just what is meant by the term political philosophy of science. This paper finds fourteen different meanings of the term, including both descriptive and normative usages, having to do with the roles of political values in the sciences, the political consequences and significance of the sciences and scientific modes of thought, and political processes within the (...)
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  20. Theories of ExplanationJoseph C. Pitt.Warren Schmaus - 1989 - Isis 80 (2):356-356.
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  21.  54
    Book Reviews : Helen E. Longino, Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1990. Pp. Xii, 262, $35.00 (Cloth), $13.95 (Paper. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (4):562-566.
  22.  13
    From Positivism to Conventionalism: Comte, Renouvier, and Poincaré.Warren Schmaus - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 80:102-109.
    Considered in its historical context, conventionalism is quite different from the way in which it has been caricatured in more recent philosophy of science, that is, as a conservative philosophy that allows the preservation of theories through arbitrary ad hoc stratagems. It is instead a liberal outgrowth of Comtean positivism, which broke with the Reidian interpretation of the Newtonian tradition in France and defended a role for hypotheses in the sciences. It also has roots in the social contract political philosophy (...)
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  23.  22
    Review: Rescuing Auguste Comte From the Philosophy of History. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 2008 - History and Theory 47 (2):291-301.
  24.  43
    In Defense of Historical Laws.Warren Schmaus - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (1):146-150.
  25.  16
    A New Way of Thinking About Social Location in Science.Warren Schmaus - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (10):1127-1137.
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  26.  5
    "Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry", by Helen E. Longino. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (4):562.
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  27.  26
    Durkheim, Jamesian Pragmatism and the Normativity of Truth.Warren Schmaus - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (5):1-16.
    In his lectures on pragmatism presented in the academic year 1913—14 at the Sorbonne, Durkheim argued that James’s pragmatist theory of truth, due to its emphasis on individual satisfaction, was unable to account for the obligatory, necessary and impersonal character of truth. But for Durkheim to make this charge is only to raise the question whether he himself could account for the morally obligatory or normative character of truth. Although rejecting individualism may be necessary for explaining the existence of norms, (...)
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  28.  33
    Philosophy Fettered? A Review of Science Unfettered: A Philosophical Study in Sociohistorical Ontology by J. E. McGuire and Barbara Tuchanska.Warren Schmaus - 2002 - Social Epistemology 16 (4):383 – 390.
  29.  38
    Evolutionary and Neuroscience Approaches to the Study of Cognition.Warren Schmaus - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):675-686.
    There is a lack of connection between the cognitive neuroscience and evolutionary approaches to the study of the mind, in philosophy as well as the sciences. For instance, although Millikan may display a thorough understanding of evolutionary theory in her arguments for the adaptive value of substance concepts, she gives scant attention to what could be the neural substrates of these concepts. Neuroscience research calls into question her assumption that substance concepts play a role in practical skills and suggests that (...)
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  30.  32
    The Critical Mass in Collective Action: A Micro-Social Theory, Marwell Gerald and Oliver Pamela. Cambridge University Press, 1993, Xii + 206 Pages and On Social Facts, Gilbert Margaret. Princeton University Press, 1989, X + 521 Pages. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (1):203.
  31.  24
    The Concept of Analysis in Comte’s Philosophy of Mathematics.Warren Schmaus - 1982 - Philosophy Research Archives 8:205-222.
    This paper traces August Comte’s attempts to get clear about the concept of mathematical analysis at various stages in his intellectual development. Comte was especially concerned with distinguishing a method of analysis for the resolution of complex prolems from analysis in the sense of a method of drawing inferences. Geometrical analysis serves as his model for the former. In his attempt to get clear about this notion, he discovers an historical succession of different methods all of which may be labeled (...)
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  32.  14
    Claude Blanckaert. La Nature de la Société: Organicisme Et Sciences Sociales au XIXe Siècle. 158 Pp., Bibl., Index. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2004. €14. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 2006 - Isis 97 (3):563-564.
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  33.  23
    Review of C. Mantzavinos, Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice[REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
  34.  12
    Not Your Doktorvater’s Logical Positivism.Warren Schmaus - 2008 - Metascience 17 (3):489-493.
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  35. Taylor Ic Francis. London and Washington. Dc 0269-172bc1992) 6: 1-#.Sonia Ryang, Warren Schmaus, Steven I. Miller, Carl Matheson, Harold Brown, Govindan Parayil, Steven Yearley & Stephen Turner - 1992 - Social Epistemology 6:102.
     
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  36. "Social Epistemology", by Steve Fuller. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 1991 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (1):121.
  37.  17
    Social Science, Epistemology, and the Problem of Relativism: Reply to Meja and Stehr.Warren Schmaus - 1988 - Social Epistemology 2 (3):273 – 274.
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  38.  8
    Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation, and Reality in the Natural and Social Sciences. Richard W. Miller.Warren Schmaus - 1988 - Isis 79 (3):492-493.
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  39.  9
    Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation, and Reality in the Natural and Social Sciences by Richard W. Miller. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 1988 - Isis 79:492-493.
  40.  7
    Historical Laws and the History and Philosophy of Science.Warren Schmaus - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 3:647-651.
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  41.  15
    Two Concepts of Social Situatedness in Science.Warren Schmaus - unknown
    Although standpoint theorists tend to characterize a scientist’s social situation in terms of her position in a hierarchy of power within the larger society, her social situation could also be characterized in terms of the degree to which she is integrated into the scientific community. The latter concept of social location may prove helpful in explaining a scientist’s potential for contributing to the growth of knowledge. It may also provide an independent measure of marginalization that makes it possible to ascertain (...)
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  42.  15
    Changing Conceptions of the Philosophy of Science.Cassandra L. Pinnick & Warren Schmaus - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2):127 – 131.
    (2001). Changing conceptions of the philosophy of science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 127-131. doi: 10.1080/02698590120058997.
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  43.  6
    Rescuing Auguste Comte From the Philosophy of History.Warren Schmaus - 2008 - History and Theory 47 (2):291-301.
  44.  6
    The Concept of Analysis in Comte’s Philosophy of Mathematics.Warren Schmaus - 1982 - Philosophy Research Archives 8:205-222.
    This paper traces August Comte’s attempts to get clear about the concept of mathematical analysis at various stages in his intellectual development. Comte was especially concerned with distinguishing a method of analysis for the resolution of complex prolems from analysis in the sense of a method of drawing inferences. Geometrical analysis serves as his model for the former. In his attempt to get clear about this notion, he discovers an historical succession of different methods all of which may be labeled (...)
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  45.  6
    Cristina Chimisso. Writing the History of the Mind: Philosophy and Science in France, 1900 to 1960s. Ix + 209 Pp., Table, Bibl., Index. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008. £55. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):667-668.
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  46.  7
    The Value of Values.Warren Schmaus - 2005 - Metascience 14 (2):265-268.
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  47.  6
    Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science by Pierre Duhem; Roger Ariew; Peter Barker. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 1997 - Isis 88:524-525.
  48.  6
    La Nature de la Société: Organicisme Et Sciences Sociales au XIXe Siècle. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 2006 - Isis 97:563-564.
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  49.  10
    Review of Lawrence E. Cahoone, Cultural Revolutions: Reason Versus Culture in Philosophy, Politics, and Jihad[REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (8).
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  50.  5
    Modern Science and Human Values by William W. Lowrance. [REVIEW]Warren Schmaus - 1986 - Isis 77:127-128.
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1 — 50 / 62