Results for 'Wayne Brekhus'

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  1.  20
    A Sociology of the Unmarked: Redirecting Our Focus.Wayne Brekhus - 1998 - Sociological Theory 16 (1):34-51.
    This article suggests that American sociology has developed a de facto tradition in the sociology of the marked that devotes greater epistemological attention to "politically salient" and "ontologically uncommon" features of social life. Although the "unmarked" comprises the vast majority of social life, the "marked" commands a disproportionate share of attention from sociologists. Since the marked already draws more attention within the general culture, social scientists contribute to re-marking and the reproduction of common-sense images of social reality. This has important (...)
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  2. Emergence, Singular Limits and Basal Explanation.Andrew Wayne - unknown
    Recent work on emergence in physics has focused on the presence of singular limit relations between basal and upper-level theories as a criterion for emergence. However, over-emphasis on the role of singular limit relations has somewhat obscured what it means to say that a property or behaviour is emergent. This paper argues that singular limits are not central to emergence and develops an alternative account of emergence in terms of the failure of basal explainability. As a consequence, emergence and reduction, (...)
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  3. Explanatory Idealizations.Andrew Wayne - unknown
    A signal development in contemporary physics is the widespread use, in explanatory contexts, of highly idealized models. This paper argues that some highly idealized models in physics have genuine explanatory power, and it extends the explanatory role for such idealizations beyond the scope of previous philosophical work. It focuses on idealizations of nonlinear oscillator systems.
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  4.  57
    Expanding the Scope of Explanatory Idealization.Andrew Wayne - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):830-841.
    Many explanations in physics rely on idealized models of physical systems. These explanations fail to satisfy the conditions of standard normative accounts of explanation. Recently, some philosophers have claimed that idealizations can be used to underwrite explanation nonetheless, but only when they are what have variously been called representational, Galilean, controllable or harmless idealizations. This paper argues that such a half-measure is untenable and that idealizations not of this sort can have explanatory capacities.
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  5.  22
    Bayesianism and Diverse Evidence.Andrew Wayne - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (1):111-121.
    A common methodological adage holds that diverse evidence better confirms a hypothesis than does the same amount of similar evidence. Proponents of Bayesian approaches to scientific reasoning such as Horwich, Howson and Urbach, and Earman claim to offer both a precise rendering of this maxim in probabilistic terms and an explanation of why the maxim should be part of the methodological canon of good science. This paper contends that these claims are mistaken and that, at best, Bayesian accounts of diverse (...)
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  6. Emergence in Physics.Andrew Wayne & Michal Arciszewski - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):846-858.
    This paper begins by tracing interest in emergence in physics to the work of condensed matter physicist Philip Anderson. It provides a selective introduction to contemporary philosophical approaches to emergence. It surveys two exciting areas of current work that give good reason to re-evaluate our views about emergence in physics. One area focuses on physical systems wherein fundamental theories appear to break down. The other area is the quantum-to-classical transition, where some have claimed that a complete explanation of the behaviors (...)
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  7.  78
    Emergence and Singular Limits.Andrew Wayne - 2012 - Synthese 184 (3):341-356.
    Recent work by Robert Batterman and Alexander Rueger has brought attention to cases in physics in which governing laws at the base level “break down” and singular limit relations obtain between base- and upper-level theories. As a result, they claim, these are cases with emergent upper-level properties. This paper contends that this inference—from singular limits to explanatory failure, novelty or irreducibility, and then to emergence—is mistaken. The van der Pol nonlinear oscillator is used to show that there can be a (...)
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  8.  21
    The Research Imperative Revisited Considerations for Advancing the Debate Surrounding Medical Research as Moral Imperative.Katherine Wayne & Kathleen Cranley Glass - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (3):373-387.
    The continuous pursuit and support of medical research on both a societal and individual level is frequently presupposed as laudable, or even obligatory. However, some critics have challenged the assumption that medical research ought to be conducted. These critics reject claims that there is a moral obligation to pursue research, and that medical research may always be justifiable given adequate safeguards and regulations. We align ourselves with critics of the research imperative to the extent that we believe that medical research (...)
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  9.  29
    A Trope-Bundle Ontology for Field Theory.Andrew Wayne - unknown
    Field theories have been central to physics over the last 150 years, and there are several theories in contemporary physics in which physical fields play key causal and explanatory roles. This paper proposes a novel field trope-bundle (FTB) ontology on which fields are composed of bundles of particularized property instances, called tropes and goes on to describe some virtues of this ontology. It begins with a critical examination of the dominant view about the ontology of fields, that fields are properties (...)
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  10.  30
    Fetishism and Ideology: A Reply to Dimoulis and Milios.Mike Wayne - 2005 - Historical Materialism 13 (3):193-218.
  11.  32
    Permissible Use and Interdependence: Against Principled Veganism.Katherine Wayne - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2):160-175.
    Are animals not ours to use? According to proponents of veganism such as Gary Francione, any and all use of animals by humans is exploitative and wrong. It is wrong because animals have intrinsic worth and humans' use of animals fails to respect that worth. Contra Francione, I argue that that there are conditions under which it may be morally appropriate to collect, consume, sell, or otherwise use animal products. Francione is mistaken in his belief that assigning intrinsic worth to (...)
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  12.  53
    Quantum Java: The Upwards Percolation of Quantum Indeterminacy.Bruce Glymour, Marcelo Sabatés & Andrew Wayne - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (3):271 - 283.
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  13.  26
    Book Review:Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony James T. Cushing. [REVIEW]Andrew Wayne - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):478-.
  14.  32
    Tim Maudlin,Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity: Metaphysical inTimations of Modern Physics(Aristotelian Society Series, Volume 13), Oxford UK & Cambridge USA: Blackwell, 1994, 255 + XI Pp. [REVIEW]Andrew Wayne - 1997 - Noûs 31 (4):557–568.
  15.  17
    Critical Notice of Margaret Morrison Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures.Andrew Wayne - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):117-137.
  16.  31
    Degrees of Freedom and the Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory.Andrew Wayne - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (2):165-173.
    Nick Huggett and Robert Weingard (1994) have recently proposed a novel approach to interpreting field theories in physics, one which makes central use of the fact that a field generally has an infinite number of degrees of freedom in any finite region of space it occupies. Their characterization, they argue, (i) reproduces our intuitive categorizations of fields in the classical domain and thereby (ii) provides a basis for arguing that the quantum field is a field. Furthermore, (iii) it accomplishes these (...)
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  17.  20
    Conceptual Foundations of Field Theories in Physics.Andrew Wayne - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):522.
    This discussion provides a brief commentary on each of the papers presented in the symposium on the conceptual foundations of field theories in physics. In Section 2 I suggest an alternative to Paul Teller's (1999) reading of the gauge argument that may help to solve, or dissolve, its puzzling aspects. In Section 3 I contend that Sunny Auyang's (1999) arguments against substantivalism and for "objectivism" in the context of gauge field theories face serious worries. Finally, in Section 4 I claim (...)
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  18.  6
    Development and Attenuation of Delay-Engendering Avoidance Behavior.H. Ludvigson, Caul Wayne, F. William, James H. Korn & James H. McHose - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (5):405.
  19.  10
    Utopianism and Film.Mike Wayne - 2002 - Historical Materialism 10 (4):135-154.
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  20.  6
    Review. [REVIEW]Andrew Wayne - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (4):624-627.
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  21.  7
    A Violent Peace: Robert Guédiguian's La Ville Est Tranquille.Mike Wayne - 2002 - Historical Materialism 10 (2):219-227.
  22.  2
    Correspondence.Eileen Marie Wayne - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 25 (2-3):225-225.
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  23. Discussion: Concetpual Foundations of Field Theories in Physics.Andrew Wayne - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S516-S522.
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  24.  40
    Wayne Martin on Judgment. [REVIEW]Hans Sluga - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 137 (1):109 - 119.
    Wayne Martin’s Theories of Judgment marks a significant advance in the philosophical analysis of judgment. He understands that the domain of judgment is so large that it allows only a selective treatment. We can expand Martin’s insight by acknowledging that this domain is, in fact, hypercomplex and therefore unsurveyable in Wittgenstein’s sense. Martin’s treatment of judgments can, however, be extended in a number of directions. Of particular importance is it to understand the linguistic aspect of theoretical judgments, the challenges (...)
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  25.  24
    Bayesianism and Diverse Evidence: A Reply to Andrew Wayne.Wayne C. Myrvold - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (4):661-665.
    Andrew Wayne discusses some recent attempts to account, within a Bayesian framework, for the "common methodological adage" that "diverse evidence better confirms a hypothesis than does the same amount of similar evidence". One of the approaches considered by Wayne is that suggested by Howson and Urbach and dubbed the "correlation approach" by Wayne. This approach is, indeed, incomplete, in that it neglects the role of the hypothesis under consideration in determining what diversity in a body of evidence (...)
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  26.  14
    Wayne Proudfoot's Religious Experience, Pragmatism, and the Study of Religion.Matthew C. Bagger - 2017 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 38 (1):3.
    As anyone familiar with my own work would readily infer, I have virtually boundless admiration for Wayne Proudfoot’s Religious Experience. In fact, to be honest I think Religious Experience belongs together with Jeff Stout’s The Flight from Authority and David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion as the books that have most profoundly shaped my teaching and scholarship. More than the other two works, however, Religious Experience has informed my most basic attitudes about the point and proper pursuit of the (...)
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  27. Happiness and Subjective Desire Satisfaction: Wayne Davis's Theory of Happiness.Fred Feldman - manuscript
    There is a lively debate about the descriptive concept of happiness. What do we mean when we say (using the word to express this descriptive concept) that a person is “happy”? One prominent answer is subjective local desire satisfactionism. On this view, to be happy at a time is to believe, with respect to the things that you want to be true at that time, that they are true. Wayne Davis developed and defended an interesting and sophisticated version of (...)
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  28.  6
    Black Lives and Sacred Humanity: Toward an African American Religious Naturalism by Carol Wayne White.Slater Gary - 2017 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 38 (1):96-99.
    It speaks to the illogic of our public life that the slogan “All Lives Matter” has come to stand directly against “Black Lives Matter” within contemporary discourse on race. Carol Wayne White’s Black Lives and Sacred Humanity, among its other achievements, confirms the absurdity of such an opposition. White shows how historic efforts to defend and define the humanity of African Americans offer a vision in which all human lives do not simply matter but are in fact sacred within (...)
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  29.  44
    Wayne, Horwich, and Evidential Diversity.Branden Fitelson - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (4):652-660.
    Wayne (1995) critiques the Bayesian explication of the confirmational significance of evidential diversity (CSED) offered by Horwich (1982). Presently, I argue that Wayne’s reconstruction of Horwich’s account of CSED is uncharitable. As a result, Wayne’s criticisms ultimately present no real problem for Horwich. I try to provide a more faithful and charitable rendition of Horwich’s account of CSED. Unfortunately, even when Horwich’s approach is charitably reconstructed, it is still not completely satisfying.
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  30.  93
    Against the Moral Appraisal of Art: Wayne Booth and the Case of Huck Finn.Donovan Miyasaki - 2007 - Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):125-32.
    In this essay, I argue that it is sometimes inappropriate to appeal to moral criteria in artistic judgments, even when the moral content of an artwork contributes to its artistic value. I suggest that this is the case with artworks that (1) are “interrogative” in form, posing a question or problem that remains unresolved in the work, and (2) have moral dilemmas as a principal theme. Using Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as an example of morally interrogative artwork, (...)
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  31.  3
    The Schleiermacher Gambit and the Desacralization of Culture: Retrospective Remarks on Wayne Proudfoot's Religious Experience.James Wetzel - 2017 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 38 (1):20.
    When Religious Experience went into production with the University of California Press, I was still in residence as a graduate student at Columbia, where I was working with Wayne Proudfoot on issues in the philosophy of religion and philosophical theology. Although this is now more than thirty years ago, I distinctively remember having a conversation with him about whether Religious Experience should have a subtitle and, if so, what. Proudfoot’s disposition as a writer is hardly baroque, and so he (...)
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  32.  17
    Concepts and Religious Experiences: Wayne Proudfoot on the Cultural Construction of Experiences.Stephen S. Bush - 2012 - Religious Studies 48 (1):101 - 117.
    The constructivist position, that mystical experiences are determined by the experiencer's cultural context, is now more prevalent among scholars of religion than the perennialist position, which maintains that mystical experiences have a common core that is cross-culturally universal. In large part, this is due to the efforts of Wayne Proudfoot in his widely accepted book, Religious Experience.In this article, I identify some significant unresolved issues in Proudfoot's defence of constructivism. My aim is not to defend perennialism, but to specify (...)
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  33.  13
    Review: Wayne Martin on Judgment. [REVIEW]Hans Sluga - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 137 (1):109-119.
    Wayne Martin 's Theories of Judgment marks a significant advance in the philosophical analysis of judgment. He understands that the domain of judgment is so large that it allows only a selective treatment. We can expand Martin 's insight by acknowledging that this domain is, in fact, hypercomplex and therefore unsurveyable in Wittgenstein's sense. Martin 's treatment of judgments can, however, be extended in a number of directions. Of particular importance is it to understand the linguistic aspect of theoretical (...)
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  34.  3
    Interview: Wayne Silby.Wayne Silby - 1992 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 6 (6):28-30.
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  35.  6
    Interview: Wayne Silby.Wayne Silby - 1992 - Business Ethics 6 (6):28-30.
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  36.  2
    Finding Antifeminism in Rabelais; Or, a Response to Wayne Booth's Call for an Ethical Criticism.Richard M. Berrong - 1985 - Critical Inquiry 11 (4):687-696.
    In his article “Freedom of Interpretation: Bakhtin and the Challenge of Feminist Criticism” , Wayne Booth develops an argument for “ethical” literary criticism, criticism that is concerned with the ideologies inherent in works of literature and the effects these ideologies may have on the reader. Or, as he phrases it himself: “What we are talking about [is] human ideals, how they are created in art and thus implanted in readers and left uncriticized” . Booth’s starting point, his “inspiration” for (...)
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  37.  1
    Wayne's World Growing Up in Cleveland, Ohio, 1941-1963.Wayne J. Urban - 1995 - Educational Studies 26 (4):301-320.
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  38. Davidson's Conceptual Argument for Rational Cognition: Wayne A. Davis.Wayne A. Davis - 1997 - Legal Theory 3 (2):205-210.
    According to Jules Coleman, Rational Choice Theory holds that human action is both intentional and rational. “The rationality of intentional action is evaluated along the two dimensions corresponding to the two elements of the belief-desire model.” On the belief-dimension, RC Theory assumes that people are “able to draw appropriate inferences from the information they possess.”.
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  39. Understanding, Knowledge, and the Meno Requirement Wayne D. Riggs.Wayne Riggs - manuscript
    Jonathan Kvanvig's book, The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding (Kvanvig, 2003), is a wonderful example of doing epistemology in a style that Kvanvig himself has termed "value−driven epistemology." On this approach, one takes questions about epistemic value to be central to theoretical concerns, including the concern to provide an adequate account of knowledge. This approach yields the demand that theories of knowledge must provide, not just an adequate account of the nature of knowledge, but also an account (...)
     
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  40. Wayne's World Growing Up in Cleveland, Ohio, 1941-1963 (Book).Wayne J. Urban - 1995 - Educational Studies 26 (4):301-320.
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  41.  96
    Book Review: Waiting for the Word: Dietrich Bonhoeffer on Speaking About God by Frits de Lange Translated by Martin N. Walton. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2000. 161 Pp. $19.00. ISBN 0-8028-4532-0.; The Wisdom and Witness of Dietrich Bonhoeffer Edited by Wayne Whitson Floyd Fortress, Minneapolis, 2000. 128 Pp. $9.00. ISBN 0-8006-3274-5. [REVIEW]Larry Rasmussen - forthcoming - Interpretation 55 (3):328-328.
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  42.  92
    Wayne A. Davis, Implicature: Intention, Convention, and Principle in the Failure of Gricean Theory.Jennifer M. Saul - 2001 - Noûs 35 (4):631-641.
  43. Wayne Waxman's Hume's Theory of Consciousness. [REVIEW]John P. Wright - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (2):344-350.
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  44.  80
    Review: Martin, Wayne, Theories of Judgment[REVIEW]R. Lanier Anderson - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 137 (1):91-108.
    Martin offers an intriguing account of nineteenth century challenges to the traditional theory of judgment as a synthesis of subject and predicate (the synthesis theory)--criticisms motivated largely by the problem posed by existential judgments, which need not have two terms at all. Such judgments led to a theory of "thetic" judgments, whose essential feature is to "posit" something, rather than to combine terms (as in synthetic judgment). I argue, however, that Kant's official definition of judgment already implicitly recognizes the importance (...)
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  45.  15
    Critical Reply to'Culpability for Epistemic Injustice: Deontic or Aretetic'by Wayne Riggs.D. A. Coady - 2012 - Social Epistemology: Review and Reply Collective 1 (5):3-6.
  46.  18
    Jennifer Caseldine-Bracht is a Ph. D. Student in the Department of Philosophy at Michigan State University. She is a Research Associate for the Institute of Human Rights at Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne[REVIEW]G. K. D. Crozier & Maya J. Goldenberg - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1).
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  47.  35
    Bayesianism and Unification: A Reply to Wayne Myrvold.Marc Lange - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):205-215.
    Myrvold (2003) has proposed an attractive Bayesian account of why theories that unify phenomena tend to derive greater epistemic support from those phenomena than do theories that fail to unify them. It is argued, however, that "unification" in Myrvold's sense is both too easy and too difficult for theories to achieve. Myrvold's account fails to capture what it is that makes unification sometimes count in a theory's favor.
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  48.  94
    Book Review : The Moral World of the First Christians, by Wayne Meeks. London, SPCK, 1987. 182pp. 6.95. [REVIEW]F. Bridger - 1989 - Studies in Christian Ethics 2 (1):118-123.
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  49.  49
    Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays, Edited by Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies, and Wayne Wu.Rocco J. Gennaro - 2014 - Mind 123 (490):623-628.
  50. Book Reviews : The Origins of Christian Morality: The First Two Centuries by Wayne A. Meeks. New Haven, Ct. And London. Yale University Press, 1994. 275pp. Hb. 22.50. New Testament Foundations for Christian Ethics by Willi Marxsen, Translated by O. C. Dean. Edinburgh, T&T Clark, 1993. 320pp. Pb. 12.50. [REVIEW]C. Rowland - 1995 - Studies in Christian Ethics 8 (1):122-128.
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