Results for 'Wealth adjustment'

997 found
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  1.  26
    Wealth Adjustment Using a Synergy Between Communication, Cooperation, and One-Fifth of Wealth Variables in an Artificial Society.Arash Rahman, Saeed Setayeshi & Mojtaba Shamsaei Zafarghandi - 2009 - AI and Society 24 (2):151-164.
    Wealth distribution based on classic sugarscape model leads to a population increase and the Gini coefficient decrease when cooperation and communication parameters are taken into account. In another study, this model was developed by implying a receipt of one-fifth of the assets of the population and derived utilization for poor people. The results showed a relation between mortality decrease, population increase, and Gini coefficient decrease (equality increase). In a synergic process, the wealth adjustment based on sugarscape model (...)
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  2.  30
    Wealth Adjustment Using a No-Interest Credit Network in an Artificial Society.Arash Rahman - 2012 - AI and Society 27 (4):535-541.
    This paper discusses the possibility of wealth adjustment through a credit network. The discussed credit network in this paper is a kind of loaning with no interest rate (its value is zero). It explains the influence of existence or inexistence of a cooperation originated from the credit network on wealth distribution and adjustment in an artificial society. To show how the wealth may distribute, environment agents in terms of their obtained wealth have been classified (...)
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  3.  16
    The Value of Risk Reduction: New Tools for an Old Problem.David Crainich, Louis R. Eeckhoudt & James K. Hammitt - 2015 - Theory and Decision 79 (3):403-413.
    The relationship between willingness to pay to reduce the probability of an adverse event and the degree of risk aversion is ambiguous. The ambiguity arises because paying for protection worsens the outcome in the event the adverse event occurs, which influences the expected marginal utility of wealth. Using the concept of downside risk aversion or prudence, we characterize the marginal WTP to reduce the probability of the adverse event as the product of WTP in the case of risk neutrality (...)
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  4. Evolutionary Genetics and Cultural Traits in a 'Body of Theory' Perspective.Emanuele Serrelli - 2016 - In Fabrizio Panebianco & Emanuele Serrelli (eds.), Understanding cultural traits. A multidisciplinary perspective on cultural diversity. Springer. pp. 179-199.
    The chapter explains why evolutionary genetics – a mathematical body of theory developed since the 1910s – eventually got to deal with culture: the frequency dynamics of genes like “the lactase gene” in populations cannot be correctly modeled without including social transmission. While the body of theory requires specific justifications, for example meticulous legitimations of describing culture in terms of traits, the body of theory is an immensely valuable scientific instrument, not only for its modeling power but also for the (...)
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  5. The Wealth of Nations.Adam Smith - 1976 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    This thoughtful new abridgment is enriched by the brilliant commentary which accompanies it. In it, Laurence Dickey argues that the _Wealth of Nations_ contains--and conceals--a great deal of how Smith actually thought a commercial society works. Guided by his conviction that the so-called Adam Smith Problem--the relationship between ethics and economics in Smith's thinking--is a core element in the argument of the work itself, Dickey's commentary focuses on the devices Smith uses to ground his economics in broadly ethical and social (...)
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  6. Sovereign Wealth Funds and Global Justice.Chris Armstrong - 2013 - Ethics and International Affairs 27 (4):413-428.
    Dozens of countries have established Sovereign Wealth Funds in the last decade or so, in the majority of cases employing those funds to manage the large revenues gained from selling resources such as oil and gas on a tide of rapidly rising commodity prices. These funds have raised a series of ethical questions, including just how the money contained in such funds should eventually be spent. This article engages with that question, and specifically seeks to connect debates on SWFs (...)
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  7.  84
    Shareholder Wealth Maximization and Social Welfare: A Utilitarian Critique.Thomas M. Jones & Will Felps - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (2):207-238.
    Many scholars and managers endorse the idea that the primary purpose of the firm is to make money for its owners. This shareholder wealth maximization objective is justified on the grounds that it maximizes social welfare. In this article, the first of a two-part set, we argue that, although this shareholder primacy model may have been appropriate in an earlier era, it no longer is, given our current state of economic and social affairs. To make our case, we employ (...)
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  8. Wealth and Income Inequality: An Economic and Ethical Analysis.Brian P. Simpson - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):525-538.
    I perform an economic and ethical analysis on wealth and income inequality. Economists have performed many statistical studies that reveal a number of, often contradictory, findings in connection with the distribution of wealth and income. Hence, the statistical findings leave us with no better knowledge of the effects that inequality has on economic progress. At the same time, the existing theoretical results have not provided us with a definitive answer concerning the effects of inequality on progress. By gaining (...)
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  9. Wealth and Virtue the Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment.Istvan Hont & Michael Ignatieff (eds.) - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    Wealth and Virtue reassesses the remarkable contribution of the Scottish Enlightenment to the formation of modern economics and to theories of capitalism. Its unique range indicates the scope of the Scottish intellectual achievement of the eighteenth century and explores the process by which the boundaries between economic thought, jurisprudence, moral philosophy and theoretical history came to be established. Dealing not only with major figures like Hume and Smith, there are also studies of lesser known thinkers like Andrew Fletcher, Gershom (...)
     
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  10. The Wealth of Ideas: A History of Economic Thought.Alessandro Roncaglia - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Wealth of Ideas, first published in 2005, traces the history of economic thought, from its prehistory to the present day. In this eloquently written, scientifically rigorous and well documented book, chapters on William Petty, Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Karl Marx, William Stanley Jevons, Carl Menger, Léon Walras, Alfred Marshall, John Maynard Keynes, Joseph Schumpeter and Piero Sraffa alternate with chapters on other important figures and on debates of the period. Economic thought is seen as developing between two opposite (...)
     
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  11.  12
    Socioemotional Wealth and Corporate Social Responsibility: A Critical Analysis.Piotr Zientara - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (1):185-199.
    This theoretical paper is offered in the spirit of advancing the debate on the socioemotional wealth construct and its impact on how family firms conceptualize and practise corporate social responsibility. The study builds on Kellermanns et al.’s :1175–1182, 2012) claim that the SEW dimensions can be positively and negatively valenced as well as makes a distinction between the selective and instrumental approach to CSR and the holistic and normative one. Drawing on these considerations, it provides a theoretical underpinning in (...)
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  12.  22
    Wealth of Nations.Adam Smith - unknown
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  13. Shareholder Wealth Maximization, Business Ethics and Social Responsibility.Geoffrey Poitras - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (2):125 - 134.
    The primary objective of this article is to develop a framework for analyzing the ethical foundations and implications of shareholder wealth maximization (SWM). Distinctions between SWM and the more widely examined construct of profit maximization are identified, the most significant being the central role played in SWM by the market mechanism for pricing the corporation''s securities. It is argued that empirical tests concerned with evaluating the ethical implications of SWM will almost surely involve a joint hypothesis. A number of (...)
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  14.  25
    Dyadic Adjustment and Parenting Stress in Internationally Adoptive Mothers and Fathers: The Mediating Role of Adult Attachment Dimensions.Silvia Salcuni, Diana Miconi, Gianmarco Altoè & Ughetta Moscardino - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  15.  45
    Wealth Creation in China and Some Lessons for Development Ethics: Corporate Responsibility and Sustainability.Georges Enderle - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (1):1 - 15.
    In the last 30 years, China has experienced an astounding economic development that calls for a differentiated understanding of this complex process of wealth creation. In the first section of this article, I present a new concept of wealth creation that goes beyond making money, maximizing profit and adding value and serves as a framework to address the article's main topic.In the second section, I investigate in what ways and to what extent this new concept might apply to (...)
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  16.  15
    Adjustment to Subtle Time Constraints and Power Law Learning in Rapid Serial Visual Presentation.Jacqueline C. Shin, Seah Chang & Yang Seok Cho - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  17.  28
    Wealth, Polygyny, and Reproductive Success.Richard Dawkins - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):190-191.
  18. Wealth, Disability, and Happiness.Dan Moller - 2011 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 39 (2):177-206.
  19.  7
    Psychosocial Adjustment to ALS: A Longitudinal Study.Tamara Matuz, Niels Birbaumer, Martin Hautzinger & Andrea Kübler - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20.  40
    Anchoring and Adjustment During Social Inferences.Diana I. Tamir & Jason P. Mitchell - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):151.
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  21.  4
    Empathy and Psychosocial Adjustment in Tibetan and Han Adolescents: A Person-Centered Approach.Chunhua Ma, Yongfeng Ma, Youpeng Wang & Xiaoyu Lan - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  22. Ethics, Wealth, and Salvation a Study in Buddhist Social Ethics.Russell F. Sizemore & Donald K. Swearer - 1990
  23.  64
    Relational Well-Being and Wealth: Māori Businesses and an Ethic of Care.Chellie Spiller, Ljiljana Erakovic, Manuka Henare & Edwina Pio - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (1):153-169.
    Care is at the heart of the Maori values system, which calls for humans to be kaitiaki, caretakers of the maun y the life-force, in each other and in nature. The relational Five Well-beings approach, based on four case studies of Maori businesses, demonstrates how business can create spiritual, cultural, social, environmental and economic well-being. A Well-beings approach entails praxis, which brings values and practice together with the purpose of consciously creating well-being and, in so doing, creates multi-dimensional wealth. (...)
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  24.  31
    A Study of the Adjustment of Ethical Recogntion and Ethical Decision-Making of Managers-to-Be Across the Taiwan Strait Before and After Receiving a Business Ethics Education.Chen-Fong Wu - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):291 - 307.
    This study conducted an empirical survey of 126 Business Ethics students in business and management departments within two universities across the Taiwan Strait to evaluate the impact on these managers-to-be of receiving an education in Business Ethics. The results show that, after receiving that Business Ethics education, students in both universities demonstrated significant improvements in the ethical weighting of their individual values, their recognition of ethical issues and their performance as ethical decision-makers. However, in respect of ethical decision-making, the behavior (...)
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  25.  66
    Trustworthiness, Governance, and Wealth Creation.Cam Caldwell & Mark H. Hansen - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (2):173 - 188.
    Although trustworthiness has been described as a source of competitive advantage, its value extends to organizational governance and wealth creation. We identify the importance of the commitment—compliance continuum in the decision to trust and note that trustworthiness is a subjective perception viewed through each person's mediating lens. That lens and each person's interpretation of the social contract impact one's commitment to cooperate. We suggest five propositions that integrate trustworthiness, governance, and wealth creation.
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  26. Inheritance of Wealth: Justice, Equality, and the Right to Bequeath.Daniel Halliday - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Daniel Halliday examines the morality of the right to bequeath or transfer wealth, and argues that inheritance is unjust to the extent that it enhances the intergenerational replication of inequality, concentrating opportunities in certain groups. He presents an egalitarian case for imposition of a significant inheritance tax.
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  27.  79
    On Adam Smith's "Wealth of Nations": A Philosophical Companion.Samuel Fleischacker - 2004 - Princeton University Press.
    Adam Smith was a philosopher before he ever wrote about economics, yet until now there has never been a philosophical commentary on the Wealth of Nations . Samuel Fleischacker suggests that Smith's vastly influential treatise on economics can be better understood if placed in the light of his epistemology, philosophy of science, and moral theory. He lays out the relevance of these aspects of Smith's thought to specific themes in the Wealth of Nations , arguing, among other things, (...)
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  28.  9
    Pathways Into Psychosocial Adjustment in Children: Modeling the Effects of Trait Emotional Intelligence, Social-Emotional Problems, and Gender.Jose A. Piqueras, Ornela Mateu-Martínez, Javier Cejudo & Juan-Carlos Pérez-González - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  29. Is Wealth Redistribution a Rights Violation?Michael Huemer - manuscript
    I argue that taxation for redistributive purposes is a property rights violation, responding to arguments (due to Nagel, Murphy, Sunstein, and Holmes) claiming that individuals lack ownership of their pretax incomes.
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  30.  28
    Averaging Rules and Adjustment Processes in Bayesian Inference.Lola L. Lopes - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (6):509-512.
  31.  16
    Private Employers and Risk Adjustment: An Overview.Jacob Glazer & Thomas G. McGuire - 2001 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 38 (3):260-269.
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  32.  19
    Agricultural Structure and Economic Adjustment.E. Wesley & F. Peterson - 1986 - Agriculture and Human Values 3 (4):6-15.
    There has been much discussion of changing agricultural structure in the United States. In this paper, the author reviews some of the factors contributing to structural change in the United States and describes the policies adopted by the European Community with respect to agricultural structure. The European experience with structural policies suggests that this approach is not very promising for the United States where no specific structural policies exist. The argument developed in this paper is that structural changes in agriculture (...)
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  33. Moonlighting is Mainstream: Paradigm Adjustment Required.Shelley D. Copley - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (7):578-588.
    Moonlighting – the performance of more than one function by a single protein – is becoming recognized as a common phenomenon with important implications for systems biology and human health. The different functions of a moonlighting protein may use different regions of the protein structure, or alternative structures that occur due to post-translational modifications and/or differences in binding partners. Often the different functions of moonlighting proteins are used at different times or in different places. The existence of moonlighting functions complicates (...)
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  34.  19
    Wealth and Poverty in the New Testament and Its World.Bruce J. Malina - 1987 - Interpretation 41 (4):354-367.
    Because terms like “wealth” and “poverty” derive their meaning from the normative cultural values within which they occur, any application of New Testament texts which fails to take cultural differences seriously can only misrepresent those texts.
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  35.  10
    A Delicate Adjustment: Wallace and Bates on the Amazon and “The Problem of the Origin of Species”.John van Wyhe - 2014 - Journal of the History of Biology 47 (4):627-659.
    For over a century it has been believed that Alfred Russel Wallace and Henry Walter Bates set out for the Amazon in 1848 with the aim of “solving the problem of the origin of species”. Yet this enticing story is based on only one sentence. Bates claimed in the preface to his 1863 book that Wallace stated this was the aim of their expedition in an 1847 letter. Bates gave a quotation from the letter. But Wallace himself never endorsed or (...)
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  36.  4
    Students’ Psychological Adjustment in Normative School Transitions From Kindergarten to High School: Investigating the Role of Teacher-Student Relationship Quality.Claudio Longobardi, Michele Settanni, Laura Elvira Prino, Matteo Angelo Fabris & Davide Marengo - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  37.  7
    Wealth Effects of Rare Earth Prices and China’s Rare Earth Elements Policy.Maximilian A. Müller, Denis Schweizer & Volker Seiler - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (4):627-648.
    Rare earth elements have become increasingly important because of their relative scarcity and worldwide increasing demand, as well as China’s quasi-monopoly of this market. REEs are virtually not substitutable, and they are essential for a variety of high-tech products and modern key technologies. This has raised serious concerns that China will misuse its dominant position to set export quotas in order to maximize its own profits at the expense of other rare earth user industries. In fact, export restrictions on REEs (...)
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  38. Wealth and Life: Essays on the Intellectual History of Political Economy in Britain, 1848–1914.Donald Winch - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Donald Winch completes the intellectual history of political economy begun in Riches and Poverty. A major theme addressed in both volumes is the 'bitter argument between economists and human beings' provoked by Britain's industrial revolution. Winch takes the argument from Mill's contributions to the 'condition-of-England' debate in 1848 through to the work on economic wellbeing of Alfred Marshall. The writings of major figures of the period are examined in a sequence of interlinked essays that ends with consideration of the twentieth-century (...)
     
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  39.  87
    A Rich Concept of Wealth Creation Beyond Profit Maximization and Adding Value.Georges Enderle - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S3):281-295.
    The purpose of this article is to take a fresh look at the concept of wealth creation that is urgently needed, given the huge gap between the global importance of wealth creation and the attention paid to it. It is argued that its notion we encounter is often very simple (as in "making money") or extremely vague (as in "adding value"). In the first section "Need for a fresh look at the creation of wealth", the need for (...)
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  40.  9
    Finding Wealth in Waste: Irreplicability Re‐Examined.Bart Penders & A. Cecile J. W. Janssens - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (12):1800173.
    Irreplicability is framed as crisis, blamed on sloppy science motivated by perverse stimuli in research. Structural changes to the organization of science, targeting sloppy science (e.g., open data, pre‐registration), are proposed to prevent irreplicability. While there is an unquestionable link between sloppy science and failures to replicate/reproduce scientific studies, they are currently conflated. This position can be understood as a result of the erosion of the role of theory in science. The history, sociology, and philosophy of science reveal alternative explanations (...)
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  41.  20
    Acculturation and School Adjustment of Immigrant Youth in Six European Countries: Findings From the Programme for International Student Assessment.Maja K. Schachner, Jia He, Boris Heizmann & Fons J. R. Van de Vijver - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  42.  4
    The Impact of Expatriates’ Cross-Cultural Adjustment on Work Stress and Job Involvement in the High-Tech Industry.Min Chen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  43.  5
    Wealth-Based Inequality in Child Immunization in India: A Decomposition Approach.Avijit Debnath & Nairita Bhattacharjee - 2018 - Journal of Biosocial Science 50 (3):312-325.
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  44. Welfare and Wealth, Poverty and Justice in Today’s World.Jan Narveson - 2004 - The Journal of Ethics 8 (4):305-348.
    This article argues that there is no sound basis for thinking that we have a general and strong duty to rectify disparities of wealth around the world, apart from the special case where some become wealthy by theft or fraud. The nearest thing we have to a rational morality for all has to be built on the interests of all, and they include substantial freedoms, but not substantial entitlements to others' assistance. It is also pointed out that the situation (...)
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  45.  12
    Formal Risk Adjustment by Private Employers.Randall P. Ellis - 2001 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 38 (3):299-309.
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  46.  68
    The Principle of Responsive Adjustment in Corporate Moral Responsibility: The Crash on Mount Erebus.Peter A. French - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (2):101-111.
    The tragic crash of Air New Zealand's flight TE-901 into Mt. Erebus in Antarctica provides a fascinating case for the exploration of the notion of corporate moral responsibility. A principle of accountability that has Aristotelian roots and is significantly different from the usual strict intentional action principles is examined and defined. That principle maintains that a person can be held morally accountable for previous non-intentional behavior that has harmful effects if the person does not take corrective measures to adjust his (...)
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  47.  22
    Wealth, Intelligence, Politics and Global Fertility Differentials.Gerhard Meisenberg - 2009 - Journal of Biosocial Science 41 (4):519-535.
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  48.  9
    Corrigendum: Social Daydreaming and Adjustment: An Experience-Sampling Study of Socio-Emotional Adaptation During a Life Transition.Giulia L. Poerio, Peter Totterdell, Lisa-Marie Emerson & Eleanor Miles - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  49. Wealth of Self and Wealth of Nations: Self-Axis of the Great Ascent.Philip McShane - 1975 - Exposition Press.
  50.  60
    An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.Adam Smith - unknown
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