Results for 'Welfare economics'

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  1. A Complete List of Sen's Writings is Available a T Http://Www. Economics. Harvard.Collective Choice & Social Welfare - 2009 - In Christopher W. Morris (ed.), Amartya Sen. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  2.  76
    Pure Time Preference in Intertemporal Welfare Economics.J. Paul Kelleher - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy.
    Several areas of welfare economics seek to evaluate states of affairs as a function of interpersonally comparable individual utilities. The aim is to map each state of affairs onto a vector of individual utilities, and then to produce an ordering of these vectors that can be represented by a mathematical function assigning a real number to each. When this approach is used in intertemporal contexts, a central theoretical question concerns the evaluative weight to be applied to utility coming (...)
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  3.  80
    Mark Blaug on the Normativity of Welfare Economics.D. Wade Hands - 2013 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 6:1-25.
    Abstract: This paper examines Mark Blaug's position on the normative character of Paretian welfare economics: in general, and specifically with respect to his debate with Pieter Hennipman over this question during the 1990s. The paper also clarifies some of the confusions that emerged within the context of this debate, and closes by providing some additional arguments supporting Blaug's position that he himself did not provide.
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  4.  76
    Towards Welfare Biology: Evolutionary Economics of Animal Consciousness and Suffering. [REVIEW]Yew-Kwang Ng - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (3):255-285.
    Welfare biology is the study of living things and their environment with respect to their welfare. Despite difficulties of ascertaining and measuring welfare and relevancy to normative issues, welfare biology is a positive science. Evolutionary economics and population dynamics are used to help answer basic questions in welfare biology : Which species are affective sentients capable of welfare? Do they enjoy positive or negative welfare? Can their welfare be dramatically increased? Under (...)
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  5. Preference Satisfaction and Welfare Economics.Daniel M. Hausman & Michael S. McPherson - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):1-25.
    The tenuous claims of cost-benefit analysis to guide policy so as to promote welfare turn on measuring welfare by preference satisfaction and taking willingness-to-pay to indicate preferences. Yet it is obvious that people's preferences are not always self-interested and that false beliefs may lead people to prefer what is worse for them even when people are self-interested. So welfare is not preference satisfaction, and hence it appears that cost-benefit analysis and welfare economics in general rely (...)
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  6. Hedonism and Welfare Economics.Daniel M. Hausman - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):321-344.
    This essay criticizes the proposal recently defended by a number of prominent economists that welfare economics be redirected away from the satisfaction of people's preferences and toward making people happy instead. Although information about happiness may sometimes be of use, the notion of happiness is sufficiently ambiguous and the objections to identifying welfare with happiness are sufficiently serious that welfare economists are better off using preference satisfaction as a measure of welfare. The essay also examines (...)
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  7. Hedonism and Welfare Economics: Daniel M. Hausman.Daniel M. Hausman - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):321-344.
    This essay criticizes the proposal recently defended by a number of prominent economists that welfare economics be redirected away from the satisfaction of people's preferences and toward making people happy instead. Although information about happiness may sometimes be of use, the notion of happiness is sufficiently ambiguous and the objections to identifying welfare with happiness are sufficiently serious that welfare economists are better off using preference satisfaction as a measure of welfare. The essay also examines (...)
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  8.  11
    The Welfare Economics of Population.John Broome - 1985 - Social Choice and Welfare 2:221-34.
    Intuition suggests there is no value in adding people to the population if it brings no benefits to people already living: creating people is morally neutral in itself. This paper examines the difficulties of incorporating this intuition into a coherent theory of the value of population. It takes three existing theories within welfare economics - average utilitarianism, relativist utilitarianism, and critical-level utilitarianism - and considers whether they can satisfactorily accommodate the intuition that creating people is neutral.
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  9. Preference Satisfaction and Welfare Economics: Daniel M. Hausman and Michael S. McPherson.Daniel M. Hausman - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):1-25.
    The tenuous claims of cost-benefit analysis to guide policy so as to promote welfare turn on measuring welfare by preference satisfaction and taking willingness-to-pay to indicate preferences. Yet it is obvious that people's preferences are not always self-interested and that false beliefs may lead people to prefer what is worse for them even when people are self-interested. So welfare is not preference satisfaction, and hence it appears that cost-benefit analysis and welfare economics in general rely (...)
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  10.  14
    The Behavioural Economist and the Social Planner: To Whom Should Behavioural Welfare Economics Be Addressed?Robert Sugden - 2013 - Inquiry 56 (5):519 - 538.
    ABSTRACT This paper compares two alternative answers to the question ?Who is the addressee of welfare economics?? These answers correspond with different understandings of the status of the normative conclusions of welfare economics and have different implications for how welfare economics should be adapted in the light of the findings of behavioural economics. The conventional welfarist answer is that welfare economics is addressed to a ?social planner?, whose objective is to maximize (...)
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  11.  9
    Welfare Economics and Bounded Rationality: The Case for Model-Based Approaches.Paola Manzini & Marco Mariotti - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (4):343-360.
    In this paper, we examine the problems facing a policy maker who observes inconsistent choices made by agents who are boundedly rational. We contrast a model-less and a model-based approach to welfare economics. We make the case for the model-based approach and examine its advantages as well as some problematic issues associated with it.
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  12. An Introduction to Modern Welfare Economics.Per-Olov Johansson - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first book in welfare economics to be primarily intended for undergraduates and non-specialists. Concepts such as Pareto optimality in a market economy, the compensation criterion, and the social welfare function are explored in detail. Market failures are analysed by using different ways of measuring welfare changes. The book also examines public choice, and the issues of provision of public goods, median voter equilibrium, government failures, efficient and optimal taxation, and intergenerational equity. The three (...)
     
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  13. Welfare Economics and the Welfare State in Historical Perspective.Karen Knight - manuscript
    Although the economic thought of Marshall and Pigou was united by ethical positions broadly considered utilitarian, differences in their intellectual milieu led to degrees of difference between their respective philosophical visions. This change in milieu includes the influence of the little understood period of transition from the early idealist period in Great Britain, which provided the context to Marshall’s intellectual formation, and the late British Idealist period, which provided the context to Pigou’s intellectual formation. During this latter period, the pervading (...)
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  14.  10
    Preference Purification and the Inner Rational Agent: A Critique of the Conventional Wisdom of Behavioural Welfare Economics.Gerardo Infante, Guilhem Lecouteux & Robert Sugden - 2016 - Journal of Economic Methodology 23 (1):1-25.
    Neoclassical economics assumes that individuals have stable and context-independent preferences, and uses preference satisfaction as a normative criterion. By calling this assumption into question, behavioural findings cause fundamental problems for normative economics. A common response to these problems is to treat deviations from conventional rational choice theory as mistakes, and to try to reconstruct the preferences that individuals would have acted on, had they reasoned correctly. We argue that this preference purification approach implicitly uses a dualistic model of (...)
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  15.  12
    Formalism in Austrian‐School Welfare Economics: Another Pretense of Knowledge?David L. Prychitko - 1993 - Critical Review 7 (4):567-592.
    Contemporary Austrian?school economists reject neoclassical welfare theory for being founded on the benchmark of a perfectly competitive general equilibrium, and instead favor a formal theory deemed consistent with the notions of radical subjectivism and disequilibrium analysis. Roy Cordato advances a bold free?market benchmark by which to formally assess social welfare, economic efficiency, and externalities issues. Like all formalist, a priori theory, however, Cordato's reformulation cannot meet its own standards, being theoretically and empirically flawed, and perhaps ideologically suspect.
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  16.  5
    Hausman and McPherson on Welfare Economics and Preference Satisfaction Theories of Welfare: A Critical Note.Alexander F. Sarch - 2015 - Economics and Philosophy 31 (1):141-159.
  17.  23
    Population Issues in Social Choice Theory, Welfare Economics, and Ethics, by Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert, and David Donaldson. Cambridge University Press, 2005, VIII+369 Pages. [REVIEW]Ashley Piggins - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (2):256-260.
  18. Welfare Economics and Giving for Development.A. B. Atkinson - 2008 - In Kaushik Basu & Ravi Kanbur (eds.), Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement and Volume Ii: Society, Institutions, and Development. Oxford University Press.
  19. Conceptions of Individual Rights and Freedom in Welfare Economics : A Re-Examination.Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu - 2009 - In Reiko Gotoh & Paul Dumouchel (eds.), Against Injustice: The New Economics of Amartya Sen. Cambridge University Press.
  20. Population Issues in Social Choice Theory, Welfare Economics, and Ethics.Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert & David J. Donaldson - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents an exploration of the idea of the common or social good, extended so that alternatives with different populations can be ranked. The approach is, in the main, welfarist, basing rankings on the well-being, broadly conceived, of those who are alive. The axiomatic method is employed, and topics investigated include: the measurement of individual well-being, social attitudes toward inequality of well-being, the main classes of population principles, principles that provide incomplete rankings, principles that rank uncertain alternatives, best choices (...)
     
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  21.  12
    Personal Utilities and Public Judgements: Or What's Wrong With Welfare Economics.Amartya K. Sen - 1979 - Economic Journal 89 (355):537-558.
  22. Distributive Justice, Welfare Economics, and the Theory of Fairness.Hal R. Varian - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (3):223-247.
  23.  22
    The Impossibility of the Paretian Liberal and its Relevance to Welfare Economics.Tuovi Allén - 1988 - Theory and Decision 24 (1):57-76.
  24.  20
    Manipulation-Proofness: A Concept for Widening the Scope of Arrowian Welfare Economics, Both Practically and Intellectually.Peter Brand - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (4):325-358.
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  25. Sugden, Robert, "The Political Economy of Public Choice: An Introduction to Welfare Economics". [REVIEW]Russell Hardin - 1982 - Ethics 93:632.
     
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  26.  24
    "Economics as Applied Ethics: Value Judgements in Welfare Economics," by Wilfred Beckerman.John Kay - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (4):778-781.
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  27.  4
    Liberalism, Welfare Economics, and Freedom.Daniel M. Hausman - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (2):172-197.
  28.  4
    Beyond Welfare Economics: Some Methodological Issues.Giuseppe Munda - 2016 - Journal of Economic Methodology 23 (2):185-202.
    When one wishes to formulate, evaluate and implement public policies, the existence of a plurality of social actors, with interest in the policy being assessed, generates a conflictual situation. How such a conflict should be dealt with? This paper defends the thesis articulated in the following points: Different metrics are linked to different objectives and values. To use only one measurement unit for incorporating a plurality of dimensions, objectives and values, implies reductionism necessarily. Point can be proven as a matter (...)
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  29.  31
    Welfare Economics and Positive Neoclassical Economics.Lansana Keita - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (3):335-351.
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  30.  17
    Economics and Welfare:Theories of Welfare Economics. Hla Myint.Frank H. Knight - 1951 - Ethics 61 (3):219-.
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  31.  4
    "Scholasticism and Welfare Economics," by Stephen Theodore Worland.George P. Klubertanz - 1971 - Modern Schoolman 48 (2):208-208.
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  32.  16
    An Interview with Paul Samuelson: Welfare Economics, €Œold†and €Œnewâ€, and Social Choice Theory.Kotaro Suzumura - manuscript
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  33.  10
    Quality Control, Welfare Economics, and Professor Baier.Gordon Welty - 1967 - Journal of Value Inquiry 1 (2):139-148.
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  34.  13
    What is Welfare Economics?Joseph Cropsey - 1954 - Ethics 65 (2):116-125.
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  35.  5
    Scholasticism and Welfare Economics.Joseph A. Giacalone - 1970 - New Scholasticism 44 (2):312-314.
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  36.  4
    Adult-Equivalence Scales, Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being, and Applied Welfare Economics.Charles Blackorby & David Donaldson - 1991 - In Jon Elster & John E. Roemer (eds.), Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being. Cambridge University Press. pp. 164.
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  37.  1
    Liberalism, Welfare Economics, and Freedom*: DANIEL M. HAUSMAN.Daniel M. Hausman - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (2):172-197.
    With the collapse of the centrally controlled economies and the authoritarian governments of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet republics, political leaders are, with appreciable public support, espousing “liberal” economic and political transformations—the reinstitution of markets, the securing of civil and political rights, and the establishment of representative governments. But those supporting reform have many aims, and the liberalism to which they look for political guidance is not an unambiguous doctrine.
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  38.  3
    The Uses of Utilitarianism: Social Justice, Welfare Economics and British Socialism, 1931-48.B. Jackson - 2004 - History of Political Thought 25 (3):508-535.
  39.  10
    What is Welfare Economics?Benjamin Ward - 1955 - Ethics 66 (3):209-213.
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  40.  2
    On Joseph Cropsey’s “What Is Welfare Economics?”.Eric Schliesser - 2015 - Ethics 125 (3):847-850,.
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  41.  2
    Book Review:Social Economy and the Price System: An Essay in Welfare Economics. Raymond T. Bye. [REVIEW]H. G. Lewis - 1951 - Ethics 61 (4):325-.
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  42. Social Economy and the Price System: An Essay in Welfare Economics. By H. G. Lewis. [REVIEW]Raymond T. Bye - 1950 - Ethics 61:325.
     
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  43. Social Economy and the Price System: An Essay in Welfare Economics.T. Bye Raymond - 1951 - Ethics 61 (4):325-326.
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  44. Welfare Economics and the Economics of Socialism: Towards a Commonsense Critique.Maurice Dobb - 1969 - Cambridge University Press.
     
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  45. Welfare Economics and the Economics of Socialism: Towards a Commonsense Critique.Maurice Dobb - 1975 - Cambridge University Press.
     
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  46. Democracy and Welfare Economics.van den Doel - 1979 - Cambridge University Press.
     
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  47. Welfare Economics and the Individual.Gary Miller - 1992 - In Norman E. Bowie & R. Edward Freeman (eds.), Ethics and Agency Theory: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. pp. 117.
     
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  48. Theories of Welfare Economics.Myint Hla - 1951 - Ethics 61 (3):219-224.
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  49. LITTLE, I. M. D. -A Critique of Welfare Economics[REVIEW]A. F. Peters - 1951 - Mind 60:558.
     
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  50.  50
    F. Bailey Norwood and Jayson L. Lusk: Compassion by the Pound: The Economics of Farm Animal Welfare[REVIEW]Paul B. Thompson - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):517-521.
    F. Bailey Norwood and Jayson L. Lusk: Compassion by the Pound: The Economics of Farm Animal Welfare Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s10806-012-9377-z Authors Paul B. Thompson, WK Kellogg Professor of Agricultural, Food and Community Ethics, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 503 South Kedzie Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824-1032, USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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