Results for 'Wells Earl Draughon'

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  1. What Freedom Is.Wells Earl Draughon - 2003 - Writer's Showcase.
    The crisis in the meaning of freedom -- What is freedom? -- Limiting freedom -- Freedom and justice -- Why we should accept this view of freedom -- Conditions that make us more free -- Applying the theory to the real world --Conclusion -- Appendix for professional philosophers -- Notes.
     
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  2.  7
    Scientific and Religious Metaphors: EARL R. MACCORMAC.Earl R. Maccormac - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):401-409.
    For quite some time, critics have attacked religious language on the grounds that theologians employed metaphors that were irreducible. By irreducible, they meant metaphors that could not be paraphrased in literal language. And any such language that could not be reduced to words that can be taken in a literal sense, would be devoid of cognitive meaning or truth value. Since theologians claimed that statements like ‘God is love’ cannot be reduced to a literal sense without robbing the concept of (...)
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  3. Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology.Earl Conee & Richard Feldman - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Evidentialism holds that the justified attitudes are determined entirely by the person's evidence. This book is a collection of essays, mostly jointly authored, that support and apply evidentialism.
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  4. Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology.Earl Brink Conee - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Evidentialism is a view about the conditions under which a person is epistemically justified in having a particular doxastic attitude toward a proposition. Evidentialism holds that the justified attitudes are determined entirely by the person's evidence. This is the traditional view of justification. It is now widely opposed. The essays included in this volume develop and defend the tradition. Evidentialism has many assets. In addition to providing an intuitively plausible account of epistemic justification, it helps to resolve the problem of (...)
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  5.  29
    An Integrative Theory of Prefrontal Cortex Function.Earl K. Miller & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2001 - Annual Review of Neuroscience 24 (1):167-202.
    The prefrontal cortex has long been suspected to play an important role in cognitive control, in the ability to orchestrate thought and action in accordance with internal goals. Its neural basis, however, has remained a mystery. Here, we propose that cognitive control stems from the active maintenance of patterns of activity in the prefrontal cortex that represent goals and the means to achieve them. They provide bias signals to other brain structures whose net effect is to guide the flow of (...)
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  6. Evidence.Earl Conee & Richard Feldman - 2008 - In Quentin Smith (ed.), Epistemology: New Essays. Oxford University Press.
  7. Internalism Defended.Earl Conee & Richard Feldman - 2001 - In Hilary Kornblith (ed.), American Philosophical Quarterly. Blackwell. pp. 1 - 18.
  8. Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology.Earl Conee & Richard Feldman - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):147-149.
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  9. Equal Opportunity and Newcomb’s Problem.Ian Wells - 2019 - Mind 128 (510):429-457.
    The 'Why ain'cha rich?' argument for one-boxing in Newcomb's problem allegedly vindicates evidential decision theory and undermines causal decision theory. But there is a good response to the argument on behalf of causal decision theory. I develop this response. Then I pose a new problem and use it to give a new 'Why ain'cha rich?' argument. Unlike the old argument, the new argument targets evidential decision theory. And unlike the old argument, the new argument is sound.
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  10. Riddles of Existence: A Guided Tour of Metaphysics.Earl Conee & Theodore Sider - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    This is an introduction to metaphysics for students and non-philosophers. (Philosophers: it's supposed to be the kind of book you can give to your friends and family, when they ask what you do for a living.) Contents: personal identity, fatalism, time, God, why not nothing?, free will, constitution, universals, necessity and possibility, what is metaphysics? (There is a second edition, which adds chapters on meta-metaphysics and the metaphysics of ethics.).
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  11. Phenomenal Knowledge.Earl Conee - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (2):136-150.
  12.  11
    A New Programme for Religious Language: The Transformational Generative Grammar: EARL R. MACCORMAC.Earl R. Maccormac - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (1):41-55.
    Recent defenders of the cognitive significance of religious language have had to face opponents from two directions; from those who demand that religious language be capable of some form of empirical verification and from those who demand that for religious language to be meaningful it must be capable of being understood in ordinary language. Apologists who have taken the first challenge seriously have strained to show that religious statements can be verified by ‘religious experience’, or by an ‘odd discernment’ or (...)
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  13. Beyond Justice.W. E. Draughon - 1987 - Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (3):91-101.
  14.  17
    Liberty.W. E. Draughon - 1978 - Social Theory and Practice 5 (1):29-44.
  15.  7
    Mechanics of Verbal Ability.Earl Hunt - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (2):109-130.
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  16.  16
    Innovative Practice, Clinical Research, and the Ethical Advancement of Medicine.Jake Earl - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):7-18.
    Innovative practice occurs when a clinician provides something new, untested, or nonstandard to a patient in the course of clinical care, rather than as part of a research study. Commentators have noted that patients engaged in innovative practice are at significant risk of suffering harm, exploitation, or autonomy violations. By creating a pathway for harmful or nonbeneficial interventions to spread within medical practice without being subjected to rigorous scientific evaluation, innovative practice poses similar risks to the wider community of patients (...)
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  17. God, Man, and the Thinker: Philosophies of Religion /Donald A. Wells.Donald A. Wells - 1962 - Random House.
     
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    Peter Ratiu and Peter Singer Reply: Wells is Right That Rationing Health.Robert J. Wells - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  19.  50
    The Fallacy in H. G. Wells's “New Religion”.Wesley Raymond Wells - 1918 - The Monist 28 (4):604-608.
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  20. When the Sleeper Wakes. A Critical Text of the 1899 New York and London First Edition, with an Introduction and Appendices H.G. Wells[REVIEW]H. Wells & Leon Stover - 2001 - Utopian Studies 12 (1):275-276.
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    Christopher Winch and Peter Wells,Nene College, Northampton.Christopher Winch & Peter Wells - 1995 - British Journal of Educational Studies 43 (1):75-87.
  22.  4
    Utilitarianism and Co-Operation.Earl Conee - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (7):415-424.
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  23.  32
    Hedonistic Utilitarianism.Earl Conee & Torbjorn Tannsjo - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (3):428.
    This is a wide-ranging defense of a distinctive version of hedonistic act utilitarianism. It is plainly written, forthright, and stimulating. Also, it is replete with disputable assertions and arguments. I shall pursue one issue here, after sketching the project of each substantial chapter.
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  24. Replies.Earl Conee & Richard Feldman - 2011 - In Trent Dougherty (ed.), Evidentialism and its Discontents. Oxford University Press.
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  25.  45
    To Tell the Truth, the Whole Truth, May Do Patients Harm: The Problem of the Nocebo Effect for Informed Consent.Rebecca Erwin Wells & Ted J. Kaptchuk - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (3):22-29.
    The principle of informed consent obligates physicians to explain possible side effects when prescribing medications. This disclosure may itself induce adverse effects through expectancy mechanisms known as nocebo effects, contradicting the principle of nonmaleficence. Rigorous research suggests that providing patients with a detailed enumeration of every possible adverse event?especially subjective self-appraised symptoms?can actually increase side effects. Describing one version of what might happen may actually create outcomes that are different from what would have happened without this information. This essay argues (...)
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  26. Against Moral Dilemmas.Earl Conee - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (1):87-97.
    E j lemmon, B a o williams, Bas van fraassen, And ruth marcus have argued on behalf of the existence of moral dilemmas, I.E., Cases where an agent is subject to conflicting absolute moral obligations. The paper criticizes this support and contends that no moral dilemma is possible.
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  27. The Specificity of the Generality Problem.Earl Conee - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):751-762.
    In “Why the generality problem is everybody’s problem,” Michael Bishop argues that every theory of justification needs a solution to the generality problem. He contends that a solution is needed in order for any theory to be used in giving an acceptable account of the justificatory status of beliefs in certain examples. In response, first I will describe the generality problem that is specific to process reliabilism and two other sorts of problems that are essentially the same. Then I will (...)
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  28. Peerage.Earl Conee - 2009 - Episteme 6 (3):313-323.
    Experts take sides in standing scholarly disagreements. They rely on the epistemic reasons favorable to their side to justify their position. It is argued here that no position actually has an overall balance of undefeated reasons in its favor. Candidates for such reasons include the objective strength of the rational support for one side, the special force of details in the case for one side, and a summary impression of truth. All such factors fail to justify any position.
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  29.  46
    A Paradigm for Design, Promulgation and Enforcement of Ethical Codes.Earl A. Molander - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (8):619 - 631.
    The paper explores the promise of ethical codes as a means to control unethical behavior in business. After a review of arguments for ethical codes from outside the business system, the paper outlines the arguments for codes from inside the business system at the level of the industry, firm and individual executive.The paper then discusses the problems of code design — the dilemma between specific practices and general precepts — and offers a model for a thoroughgoing code. This is followed (...)
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  30. Contextualism Contested.Earl Conee - 2005 - In Ernest Sosa & Matthias Steup (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell. pp. 47-56.
     
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  31. Adam Smith’s Bourgeois Virtues in Competition.Thomas Wells & Johan Graafland - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2):319-350.
    Whether or not capitalism is compatible with ethics is a long standing dispute. We take up an approach to virtue ethics inspired by Adam Smith and consider how market competition influences the virtues most associated with modern commercial society. Up to a point, competition nurtures and supports such virtues as prudence, temperance, civility, industriousness and honesty. But there are also various mechanisms by which competition can have deleterious effects on the institutions and incentives necessary for sustaining even these most commercially (...)
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  32. The Truth Connection.Earl Conee - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (3):657-669.
  33.  18
    Moral Dilemmas.Earl Conee & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):460.
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  34. Applied Ethics: A Reader.Earl R. Winkler & Jerrold R. Coombs (eds.) - 1993 - Blackwell.
     
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  35. Rational Disagreement Defended.Earl Conee - 2010 - In Richard Feldman & Ted A. Warfield (eds.), Disagreement. Oxford University Press.
     
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  36. The Comforts of Home.Earl Conee - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):444–451.
    The paper argues against Timothy Williamson's anti-luminosity argument. It also offers an argument against luminosity from the possibility of defeat of introspective justification.
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  37.  16
    Asine. 2. Results of the Excavations East of the Acropolis 1970–1974. Fasc. 4. The Protogeometric Period. Part 2. An Analysis of the Settlement. Part 3. Catalogue of Pottery and Other Artefacts. By B. Wells. Stockholm: Åström. 1983. Pp. 148, Numerous Illus. . Sw. Kr. 250. Pp. 153–297, [123] Text Figs. Sw. Kr. 280. [REVIEW]J. N. Coldstream, Asine & B. Wells - 1985 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 105:235-235.
  38.  13
    Asine 2. Results of the Excavations East of the Acropolis 1970–1974. Fasc. 4. The Protogeometric Period. I. The Tombs. By B. Wells. Stockholm: Svenska Institutet I Athen. 1976. Pp. 31, 34 Text Figs. Price Not Stated. [Distributed by P. Åström.]. [REVIEW]Vincent Desborough, Asine & B. Wells - 1977 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 97:216-216.
  39. A Formulation of the Logic of Sense and Denotation. [REVIEW]Rulon Wells - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (2):133-134.
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  40. Fertility, Immigration, and the Fight Against Climate Change.Jake Earl, Colin Hickey & Travis N. Rieder - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (8):582-589.
    Several philosophers have recently argued that policies aimed at reducing human fertility are a practical and morally justifiable way to mitigate the risk of dangerous climate change. There is a powerful objection to such “population engineering” proposals: even if drastic fertility reductions are needed to prevent dangerous climate change, implementing those reductions would wreak havoc on the global economy, which would seriously undermine international antipoverty efforts. In this article, we articulate this economic objection to population engineering and show how it (...)
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  41. Disjunctivism and Anti-Skepticism.Earl Conee - 2007 - Philosophical Issues 17 (1):16–36.
  42. What's Wrong with Computer-Generated Images of Perfection in Advertising?Earl W. Spurgin - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (3):257 - 268.
    Advertisers often use computers to create fantastic images. Generally, these are perfectly harmless images that are used for comic or dramatic effect. Sometimes, however, they are problematic human images that I call computer-generated images of perfection. Advertisers create these images by using computer technology to remove unwanted traits from models or to generate entire human bodies. They are images that portray ideal human beauty, bodies, or looks. In this paper, I argue that the use of such images is unethical. I (...)
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  43.  55
    Markets with Some Limits.Mark Wells - 2017 - Journal of Value Inquiry 51 (4):611-618.
    In several works, Jason Brennan and Peter Martin Jaworski defend the following thesis: If it is permissible to have, use, or exchange something for free, then it is permissible to have, use, or exchange that thing for money. In this paper, I argue that No Limits is false. Moreover, the reasons why it is false reflect many of the complaints made against markets. The paper will proceed as follows: In §1, I summarize Brennan and Jaworski’s position to clarify exactly what (...)
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  44.  50
    An Emotional-Freedom Defense of Schadenfreude.Earl Spurgin - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (4):767-784.
    Schadenfreude is the emotion we experience when we obtain pleasure from others’ misfortunes. Typically, we are not proud of it and admit experiencing it only sheepishly or apologetically. Philosophers typically view it, and the disposition to experience it, as moral failings. Two recent defenders of Schadenfreude, however, argue that it is morally permissible because it stems from judgments about the just deserts of those who suffer misfortunes. I also defend Schadenfreude, but on different grounds that overcome two deficiencies of those (...)
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    Evident, but Rationally Unacceptable.Earl Conee - 1987 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65 (3):316 – 326.
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  46.  34
    Determinants of Ethical Behavior: A Study of Autosalespeople. [REVIEW]Earl D. Honeycutt, Myron Glassman, Michael T. Zugelder & Kiran Karande - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):69 - 79.
    This study proposes a model that explains the ethical behavior of automobile salespeople in terms of their ethical perception, legal perception, method of compensation (commission-based or salary-based), age, and education. The model is estimated by using five scenarios that involve ethical issues commonly found in the automobile industry and responses from 184 automobile salespeople in a mid-Atlantic metropolitan area. The findings suggest that ethical perception is the most important determinant of ethical behavior. Also, method of compensation is a major determinant (...)
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  47.  25
    Looking for Answers in All the Wrong Places.Earl W. Spurgin - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):293-313.
    In recent years, many business ethicists have raised problems with the “ethics pays” credo. Despite these problems, many continue to hold it. I argue that support for the credo leads business ethicists away from a potentially fruitful approach found in Hume’s moral philosophy. I begin by demonstrating that attempts to support the credo fail because proponents are trying to provide an answer to the “Why be moral?” question that is based on rational self-interest. Then, I show that Hume’s sentiments-based moral (...)
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  48.  23
    Relations of Storage and Retrieval Strategies as Short-Term Memory Processes.Earl C. Butterfield & John M. Belmont - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):319.
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    Business Ethics and Job-Related Constructs: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Automotive Salespeople.Earl D. Honeycutt, Judy A. Siguaw & Tammy G. Hunt - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (3):235 - 248.
    Although a number of articles have addressed ethical perceptions and behaviors, few studies have examined ethics across cultures. This research focuses on measuring the job satisfaction, customer orientation, ethics, and ethical training of automotive salespersons in the U.S. and Taiwan. The relationships of these variables to salesperson performance were also investigated. Ethics training was found to be negatively related to perceived levels of ethicalness and performance. High performance U.S. salespeople reported high ethical behavior, while the opposite was true in Taiwan. (...)
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  50. Heeding Misleading Evidence.Earl Conee - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (2):99-120.
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