Results for 'Wendell Cochran'

611 found
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  1.  11
    Computers, Privacy, and Journalists: A Suggested Code of Information Practices.Wendell Cochran - 1996 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 11 (4):210 – 222.
    The rise of computer-assisted journalism coincides with increasing public concerns about individual privacy, especially in the realm of information stored in electronic databases. This article contends that journalists (a) need to be more receptive to privacy concerns, and (b) need to reassure the public they will be sensitive in dealing with private information contained in electronic databases. The author calls for creation of a Code of Information Practices that could guide journalists in making decisions about usingprivate information in electronicformat. Such (...)
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  2. Essay by Phil Cochran.P. Cochran - 1994 - Business and Society 33:95-98.
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  3. The Rejected Body: Feminist Philosophical Reflections on Disability.Susan Wendell - 1996 - Routledge.
    The Rejected Body argues that feminist theorizing has been skewed toward non-disabled experience, and that the knowledge of people with disabilities must be integrated into feminist ethics, discussions of bodily life, and criticism of the cognitive and social authority of medicine. Among the topics it addresses are who should be identified as disabled; whether disability is biomedical, social or both; what causes disability and what could 'cure' it; and whether scientific efforts to eliminate disabling physical conditions are morally justified. (...) provides a remarkable look at how cultural attitudes towards the body contribute to the stigma of disability and to widespread unwillingness to accept and provide for the body's inevitable weakness. (shrink)
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  4. The Rejected Body: Feminist Philosophical Reflections on Disability.Susan Wendell - 1996 - Routledge.
    ____The Rejected Body__ argues that feminist theorizing has been skewed toward non-disabled experience, and that the knowledge of people with disabilities must be integrated into feminist ethics, discussions of bodily life, and criticism of the cognitive and social authority of medicine. Among the topics it addresses are who should be identified as disabled; whether disability is biomedical, social or both; what causes disability and what could 'cure' it; and whether scientific efforts to eliminate disabling physical conditions are morally justified. (...) provides a remarkable look at how cultural attitudes towards the body contribute to the stigma of disability and to widespread unwillingness to accept and provide for the body's inevitable weakness. (shrink)
     
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  5. Normative Theory in International Relations: A Pragmatic Approach.Molly Cochran - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Molly Cochran offers an account of the development of normative theory in international relations over the past two decades. In particular, she analyzes the tensions between cosmopolitan and communitarian approaches to international ethics, paying attention to differences in their treatments of a concept of the person, the moral standing of states and the scope of moral arguments. The book draws connections between this debate and the tension between foundationalist and antifoundationalist thinking and offers an argument for a pragmatic approach (...)
     
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  6.  63
    Corporate Ethics Practices in the Mid-1990's: An Empirical Study of the Fortune 1000. [REVIEW]Gary R. Weaver, Linda Klebe Treviño & Philip L. Cochran - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 18 (3):283 - 294.
    This empirical study of Fortune 1000 firms assesses the degree to which those firms have adopted various practices associated with corporate ethics programs. The study examines the following aspects of formalized corporate ethics activity: ethics-oriented policy statements; formalization of management responsibilities for ethics; free-standing ethics offices; ethics and compliance telephone reporting/advice systems; top management and departmental involvement in ethics activities; usage of ethics training and other ethics awareness activities; investigatory functions; and evaluation of ethics program activities. Results show a high (...)
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  7.  2
    Impairments of Social Motor Synchrony Evident in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Paula Fitzpatrick, Jean A. Frazier, David M. Cochran, Teresa Mitchell, Caitlin Coleman & R. C. Schmidt - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  8. Unhealthy Disabled: Treating Chronic Illnesses as Disabilities.Susan Wendell - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (4):17-33.
    : Chronic illness is a major cause of disability, especially in women. Therefore, any adequate feminist understanding of disability must encompass chronic illnesses. I argue that there are important differences between healthy disabled and unhealthy disabled people that are likely to affect such issues as treatment of impairment in disability and feminist politics, accommodation of disability in activism and employment, identification of persons as disabled, disability pride, and prevention and "cure" of disabilities.
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  9.  35
    Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence.Gregory Cochran, Jason Hardy & Henry Harpending - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (5):659-693.
    This paper elaborates the hypothesis that the unique demography and sociology of Ashkenazim in medieval Europe selected for intelligence. Ashkenazi literacy, economic specialization, and closure to inward gene flow led to a social environment in which there was high fitness payoff to intelligence, specifically verbal and mathematical intelligence but not spatial ability. As with any regime of strong directional selection on a quantitative trait, genetic variants that were otherwise fitness reducing rose in frequency. In particular we propose that the well-known (...)
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  10. The Internal Disclosure Policies of Private-Sector Employers: An Initial Look at Their Relationship to Employee Whistleblowing. [REVIEW]Tim Barnett, Daniel S. Cochran & G. Stephen Taylor - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):127 - 136.
    Whistleblowers have usually been treated as outcasts by private-sector employers. But legal, ethical, and practical considerations increasingly compel companies to encourage employees to disclose suspected illegal and/or unethical activities throughinternal communication channels. Internal disclosure policies/procedures (IDPP''s) have been recommended as one way to encourage such communication.This study examined the relationship between IDPP''s and employee whistleblowing among private-sector employers. Almost 300 human resources executives provided data concerning their organizations'' experiences.
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  11. Toward a Feminist Theory of Disability.Susan Wendell - 1989 - Hypatia 4 (2):104 - 124.
    We need a feminist theory of disability, both because 16 percent of women are disabled, and because the oppression of disabled people is closely linked to the cultural oppression of the body. Disability is not a biological given; like gender, it is socially constructed from biologically reality. Our culture idealizes the body and demands that we control it. Thus, although most people will be disabled at some time in their lives, the disabled are made "the other," who symbolize failure of (...)
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  12.  24
    Unhealthy Disabled: Treating Chronic Illnesses as Disabilities.Susan Wendell - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (4):17-33.
    Chronic illness is a major cause of disability, especially in women. Therefore, any adequate feminist understanding of disability must encompass chronic illnesses. I argue that there are important differences between healthy disabled and unhealthy disabled people that are likely to affect such issues as treatment of impairment in disability and feminist politics, accommodation of disability in activism and employment, identification of persons as disabled, disability pride, and prevention and “cure” of disabilities.
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  13.  24
    The Cambridge Companion to Dewey.Molly Cochran (ed.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Dewey was a major figure of the American cultural and intellectual landscape in the first half of the twentieth century. While not the originator of American pragmatism, he was instrumental to its articulation as a philosophy and the spread of its influence beyond philosophy to other disciplines. His prolific writings encompass metaphysics, philosophy of mind, cognitive science, psychology, moral philosophy, the philosophies of religion, art, and education, and democratic political and international theory. The contributors to this Companion examine the (...)
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  14.  2
    The Stakeholder Theory of the Firm.Steven N. Brenner & Philip Cochran - 1991 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 2:897-933.
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  15.  32
    Receptive Human Virtues: A New Reading of Jonathan Edwards's Ethics.Elizabeth Agnew Cochran - 2010 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    "An examination of the writings on virtues and ethics of eighteenth-century Puritan Jonathan Edwards"--Provided by publisher.
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  16.  63
    Oppression and Victimization; Choice and Responsibility.Susan Wendell - 1990 - Hypatia 5 (3):15 - 46.
    This essay discusses a cluster of problems for feminist theory and practice which concern responsibility and choice under conditions of oppression. I characterize four major perspectives from which situations of oppression or victimization can be seen and questions about choice and responsibility answered: The Perspective of the Oppressor; The Perspective of the Victim; The Perspective of the Responsible Actor; and The Perspective of the Observer/Philosopher. I compare their strengths and weaknesses and discuss their compatibility.
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  17.  11
    Constructing a Web Effects of Power and Social Responsiveness on Firm-Stakeholder Relationships.Stephanie A. Welcomer, Philip L. Cochran, Gordon Rands & Mark Haggerty - 2003 - Business and Society 42 (1):43-82.
    In this single industry study, the authors examine relationships between forest products companies in Maine and their stakeholders. The research question, why do firms work with stakeholders, is examined from both instrumental and normative perspectives. Specifically, it is hypothesized that stakeholder power and corporate social responsiveness affect the degree to which firms have working relationships with stakeholders. The study found support for the impact of the firm’s perception of stakeholder power on the strength of its relationships with stakeholders. Most notably, (...)
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  18. Genes, Germs, and Schizophrenia: An Evolutionary Perspective.Levi G. Ledgerwood, Paul W. Ewald & Gregory M. Cochran - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (3):317-348.
  19. Dewey as an International Thinker.Molly Cochran - 2010 - In The Cambridge Companion to Dewey. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  20.  16
    Institutional Identity; Sacramental Potential: Catholic Healthcare at Century's End.C. E. Cochran - 1999 - Christian Bioethics 5 (1):26-43.
    Government and market forces have fundamentally transformed the religious healthcare sector. Religious healthcare organizations are struggling to define their identities and determine what it is that makes them different and what implications the differences have for the delivery of social services and for public life. In response to these questions, the defenders of traditional Catholic healthcare make a variety of responses that first defend the continued relevance of the major institutions of Catholic healthcare, especially its hospitals, and second, specify reforms (...)
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  21.  72
    Error and Patient Safety: Ethical Analysis of Cases in Occupational and Physical Therapy Practice. [REVIEW]Linda S. Scheirton, K. Mu, H. Lohman & T. M. Cochran - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):301-311.
    Compared to other health care professions such as medicine, nursing and pharmacy, few studies have been conducted to examine the nature of practice errors in occupational and physical therapy. In an ongoing study to determine root causes, typographies and impact of occupational and physical therapy error on patients, focus group interviews have been conducted across the United States. A substantial number of harmful practice errors and/or other patient safety events (deviations or accidents) have been identified. Often these events have had (...)
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  22.  64
    Consent, Conversion, and Moral Formation: Stoic Elements in Jonathan Edwards's Ethics.Elizabeth Agnew Cochran - 2011 - Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):623-650.
    The contemporary revival of virtue ethics has focused primarily on retrieving central moral commitments of Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, and the Neoplatonist traditions. Christian virtue ethicists would do well to expand this retrieval further to include the writings of the Roman Stoics. This essay argues that the ethics of Jonathan Edwards exemplifies major Stoic themes and explores three noteworthy points of intersection between Stoic ethics and Edwards's thought: a conception of virtue as consent to a benevolent providence, the identification of virtue (...)
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  23.  17
    Is There a Legacy of the U.S. Public Health Syphilis Study at Tuskegee in HIV/AIDS-Related Beliefs Among Heterosexual African Americans and Latinos?Vickie M. Mays, Courtney N. Coles & Susan D. Cochran - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (6):461-471.
    The Tuskegee Syphilis Study is often cited as a major reason for low research participation rates among racial/ethnic minorities. We use data from a random-digit-dial telephone survey of 510 African Americans and 253 Latinos drawn from low income Los Angeles neighborhoods to investigate associations between knowledge of the study and endorsement of HIV/aids conspiracy theories. Results indicate African Americans were significantly more likely than Latinos to endorse HIV/aids conspiracy theories and were more aware of the study. Nevertheless, few Americans and (...)
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  24. A (Qualified) Defense of Liberal Feminism.Susan Wendell - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (2):65 - 93.
    Liberal feminism is not committed to a number of philosophical positions for which it is frequently criticized, including abstract individualism, certain individualistic approaches to morality and society, valuing the mental/rational over the physical/emotional, and the traditional liberal way of drawing the line between the public and the private. Moreover, liberal feminism's clearest political commitments, including equality of opportunity, are important to women's liberation and not necessarily incompatible with the goals of socialist and radical feminism.
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  25.  30
    Inequality and Inequity in the Emergence of Conventions.Calvin Cochran & Cailin O’Connor - 2019 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 18 (3):264-281.
    Many societies have norms of equity – that those who make symmetric social contributions deserve symmetric rewards. Despite this, there are widespread patterns of social inequity, especially along gender and racial lines. It is often the case that members of certain social groups receive greater rewards per contribution than others. In this article, we draw on evolutionary game theory to show that the emergence of this sort of convention is far from surprising. In simple cultural evolutionary models, inequity is much (...)
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  26.  29
    War-Pacifism.David Carroll Cochran - 1996 - Social Theory and Practice 22 (2):161-180.
  27.  86
    Relationships Between Quantum Physics and Biology.Andrew A. Cochran - 1971 - Foundations of Physics 1 (3):235-250.
    The known facts of quantum physics and biology strongly suggest the following hypotheses: atoms and the fundamental particles have a rudimentary degree of consciousness, volition, or self-activity; the basic features of quantum mechanics are a result of this fact; the quantum mechanical wave properties of matter are actually the conscious properties of matter; and living organisms are a direct result of these properties of matter. These hypotheses are tested by using them to make detailed predictions of new facts, and then (...)
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  28. ÔIllegal Corporate Behavior and the Question of Moral Agency: An Empirical ExaminationÕ.P. L. Cochran & D. Nigh - forthcoming - Empirical Studies of Business Ethics and Values, V.(Jai Press, Greenwich, Ct).
  29.  9
    Bricolage and the Purity of Traditions: Engaging the Stoics for Contemporary Christian Ethics.Elizabeth Agnew Cochran - 2012 - Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (4):720-729.
    ABSTRACTThis essay is a response to C. Kavin Rowe's critique of my 2011 argument that certain dimensions of Roman Stoic ethics are at work in Jonathan Edwards's moral thought. Rowe raises questions about the act of selectively retrieving ideas from a philosophical tradition to support constructive work in another tradition. I argue for the importance of acknowledging how Christian thought has been shaped by what Jeffrey Stout describes as moral bricolage, the selective retrieval of ideas from various traditions, and I (...)
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  30.  31
    A (Qualified) Defense of Liberal Feminism.Susan Wendell - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (2):65-93.
    Liberal feminism is not committed to a number of philosophical positions for which it is frequently criticized, including abstract individualism, certain individualistic approaches to morality and society, valuing the mental/rational over the physical/emotional, and the traditional liberal way of drawing the line between the public and the private.Moreover, liberal feminism's clearest political commitments, including equality of opportunity, are important to women's liberation and not necessarily incompatible with the goals of socialist and radical feminism.
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  31.  6
    Lattice Dynamics of Alkali Halides.W. Cochran - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (45):1082-1086.
  32.  23
    Yves R. Simon and "the Common Good": A Note on the Concept.Clarke E. Cochran - 1978 - Ethics 88 (3):229-239.
  33.  16
    Relationship Between Theory of Mind, Emotion Recognition, and Social Synchrony in Adolescents With and Without Autism.Paula Fitzpatrick, Jean A. Frazier, David Cochran, Teresa Mitchell, Caitlin Coleman & R. C. Schmidt - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  34.  18
    Infectious Causation of Disease: An Evolutionary Perspective.Gregory M. Cochran, Paul W. Ewald & Kyle D. Cochran - 2000 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (3):406-448.
  35.  8
    Creaturely Virtues in Jonathan Edwards.Elizabeth Agnew Cochran - 2007 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 27 (2):73-95.
    JONATHAN EDWARDS NAMES HIS CHRISTOLOGICAL ACCOUNT OF THE VIRtue of humility as an "excellency proper to creatures" rather than of God's divine nature, which differentiates it from "true virtue" or benevolence. He presents the incarnate Christ as the moral archetype for humility. This has two implications for contemporary ethics. First, it suggests that we would have needed God's revelation in Christ to understand and pursue the virtues, even if the Fall had not occurred. Second, it indicates that there is a (...)
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  36.  35
    Toward a Catholic Understanding of American Multiculturalism.David Carroll Cochran - 2006 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 3 (1):7-16.
  37.  2
    Crisis Management in the Multinational Firm.Douglas Nigh & Philip L. Cochran - 1991 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 2:427-454.
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  38. 'Nagging' Questions: Feminist Ethics in Everyday Life.Anita L. Allen, Sandra Lee Bartky, John Christman, Judith Wagner DeCew, Edward Johnson, Lenore Kuo, Mary Briody Mahowald, Kathryn Pauly Morgan, Melinda Roberts, Debra Satz, Susan Sherwin, Anita Superson, Mary Anne Warren & Susan Wendell - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this anthology of new and classic articles, fifteen noted feminist philosophers explore contemporary ethical issues that uniquely affect the lives of women. These issues in applied ethics include autonomy, responsibility, sexual harassment, women in the military, new technologies for reproduction, surrogate motherhood, pornography, abortion, nonfeminist women and others. Whether generated by old social standards or intensified by recent technology, these dilemmas all pose persistent, 'nagging,' questions that cry out for answers.
     
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  39.  13
    The Culture of Technology: An Alternative View of the Industrial Revolution in the United States.Thomas C. Cochran - 1995 - Science in Context 8 (2):325-339.
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  40.  19
    Five Tracts of Ḥasan Al-Bannāʾ (1906-1949): A Selection From the Majmūʿat Rasāʾil Al-Imām Al-Shahīd Ḥasan BannāʾFive Tracts of Hasan Al-Banna (1906-1949): A Selection From the Majmuat Rasail Al-Imam Al-Shahid Hasan Banna. [REVIEW]Umar Abd-Allāh, Charles Wendell & Umar Abd-Allah - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (3):564.
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  41.  21
    The Moral Significance of Religious Affections: A Reformed Perspective on Emotions and Moral Formation.Elizabeth Cochran - 2015 - Studies in Christian Ethics 28 (2):150-162.
    Drawing on the work of Jonathan Edwards, this essay explores two dimensions of Reformed thought central to considering the emotions’ moral significance. First, Reformed theology’s singular understanding of virtue and holiness as love to God and neighbor gives rise to a distinctive account of the emotions’ place in the moral life. Certain emotions are to be embraced insofar as they have the capacity to be sanctified and thereby made compatible with growth in love to God. Second, Reformed theology historically links (...)
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  42.  40
    Theimago Deiand Human Perfection: The Significance of Christology for Gregory of Nyssa's Understanding of the Human Person.Elizabeth Agnew Cochran - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (3):402-415.
  43.  2
    Trust and World View in Shared Decision Making with Indigenous Patients: A Realist Synthesis.Gary Groot, Tamara Waldron, Leonzo Barreno, David Cochran & Tracey Carr - 2020 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 26 (2):503-514.
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  44.  15
    The Inner Revolution. Essays on the Social Sciences in History.Sidney Ratner & Thomas C. Cochran - 1967 - History and Theory 6 (2):293.
  45.  14
    Social Justice in IslamThe Policy of TomorrowFrom Here We StartMuhammad 'AbduhOur Beginning in Wisdom.Franz Rosenthal, Sayed Kotb, John B. Hardie, Mirrit Boutros Ghali, Isma'il R. el Faruqi, Khâlid M. Khâlid, Osman Amin, Charles Wendell, Muhammad al-Ghazzâli, Khalid M. Khalid & Muhammad al-Ghazzali - 1954 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 74 (2):100.
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  46.  16
    Massimiliano David, Eternal Ravenna: From the Etruscans to the Venetians., Trans., Christina Cawthra and Jo-Ann Titmarsh. Turnhout: Brepols, 2013. Pp. 287. €95. ISBN: 978-2-503-54941-5. [REVIEW]Daniel C. Cochran - 2015 - Speculum 90 (2):533-535.
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  47.  35
    Review Essay: Beyond Poststructuralism: The Speculations of Theory and the Experience of Literature. Harris, V. Wendell & Ed - 1997 - Philosophy and Literature 21 (2).
  48.  1
    The Institutionalization of Business Ethics.Philip L. Cochran & Thomas G. Comstock - 1999 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 10:83-93.
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  49.  1
    Greenwashing: How Responsible Are Socially Responsible Firms?Jon Entine, Craig Fleisher, William Martello, William Sodeman & Philip Cochran - 1996 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 7:535-537.
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  50.  29
    No Longer Patient: Feminist Ethics and Health Care Susan Sherwin Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992, Xi + 286 Pp., US$39.95. [REVIEW]Susan Wendell - 1994 - Dialogue 33 (4):783-.
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