Results for 'Westermann Christine'

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  1. Earlier Visual N1 Latencies in Expert Video-Game Players: A Temporal Basis of Enhanced Visuospatial Performance.Andrew James Latham, Lucy L. M. Patston, Christine Westermann, Ian J. Kirk & Lynette J. Tippett - 2013 - PLoS ONE 8 (9).
    Increasing behavioural evidence suggests that expert video game players (VGPs) show enhanced visual attention and visuospatial abilities, but what underlies these enhancements remains unclear. We administered the Poffenberger paradigm with concurrent electroencephalogram (EEG) recording to assess occipital N1 latencies and interhemispheric transfer time (IHTT) in expert VGPs. Participants comprised 15 right-handed male expert VGPs and 16 non-VGP controls matched for age, handedness, IQ and years of education. Expert VGPs began playing before age 10, had a minimum 8 years experience, and (...)
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  2. Simon-Task Reveals Balanced Visuomotor Control in Experienced Video-Game Players.Andrew James Latham, Christine Westermann, Lucy L. M. Patston, Nathan A. Ryckman & Lynette J. Tippett - 2019 - Journal of Cognitive Enhancement 3 (1):104-110.
    Both short and long-term video-game play may result in superior performance on visual and attentional tasks. To further these findings, we compared the performance of experienced male video-game players (VGPs) and non-VGPs on a Simon-task. Experienced-VGPs began playing before the age of 10, had a minimum of 8 years of experience and a minimum play time of over 20 h per week over the past 6 months. Our results reveal a significantly reduced Simon-effect in experienced-VGPs relative to non-VGPs. However, this (...)
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  3.  36
    The Care and Testing of Video-Game Players: Using Patterns of Performance to Provide Insight Into the Effects of Video-Game Experience and Expertise.Latham Andrew, Westermann Christine, Patston Lucy & Tippett Lynette - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  4. Virtue Ethics and the Problem of Indirection: A Pluralistic Value-Centred Approach: Christine Swanton.Christine Swanton - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (2):167-181.
    Many forms of virtue ethics, like certain forms of utilitarianism, suffer from the problem of indirection. In those forms, the criterion for status of a trait as a virtue is not the same as the criterion for the status of an act as right. Furthermore, if the virtues for example are meant to promote the nourishing of the agent, the virtuous agent is not standardly supposed to be motivated by concern for her own flourishing in her activity. In this paper, (...)
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  5. Eager for Fairness or for Revenge? Psychological Altruism in Economics: Christine Clavien and Rebekka A. Klein.Christine Clavien - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):267-290.
    To understand the human capacity for psychological altruism, one requires a proper understanding of how people actually think and feel. This paper addresses the possible relevance of recent findings in experimental economics and neuroeconomics to the philosophical controversy over altruism and egoism. After briefly sketching and contextualizing the controversy, we survey and discuss the results of various studies on behaviourally altruistic helping and punishing behaviour, which provide stimulating clues for the debate over psychological altruism. On closer analysis, these studies prove (...)
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  6.  8
    Stakeholder Capability Enhancement as a Path to Promote Human Dignity and Cooperative Advantage.Michelle K. Westermann-Behaylo, Harry J. Van Buren & Shawn L. Berman - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (4):529-555.
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  7.  3
    Business and Human Trafficking: A Social Connection and Political Responsibility Model.Michelle Westermann-Behaylo, Judith Schrempf-Stirling & Harry J. Van Buren - 2021 - Business and Society 60 (2):341-375.
    Human trafficking is one of the most lucrative international criminal activities and is widespread across a variety of industries. The response to human trafficking in corporate supply chains has been dominated by analyses of due diligence obligations. Existing scholarship, however, has cast doubt on the effectiveness of corporate due diligence in addressing human trafficking, because human trafficking is the outcome of macro-level social structures that are created by and consist of multiple actors, including business. The outsourcing and sub-contracting model provides (...)
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  8. The Sources of Normativity.Christine M. Korsgaard - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ethical concepts are, or purport to be, normative. They make claims on us: they command, oblige, recommend, or guide. Or at least when we invoke them, we make claims on one another; but where does their authority over us - or ours over one another - come from? Christine Korsgaard identifies four accounts of the source of normativity that have been advocated by modern moral philosophers: voluntarism, realism, reflective endorsement, and the appeal to autonomy. She traces their history, showing (...)
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  9. Creating the Kingdom of Ends.Christine M. Korsgaard - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Christine Korsgaard has become one of the leading interpreters of Kant's moral philosophy. She is identified with a small group of philosophers who are intent on producing a version of Kant's moral philosophy that is at once sensitive to its historical roots while revealing its particular relevance to contemporary problems. She rejects the traditional picture of Kant's ethics as a cold vision of the moral life which emphasises duty at the expense of love and value. Rather, Kant's work is (...)
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  10.  89
    Christine de Pizan and Biblical Wisdom: A Feminist-Theological Point of View. Bonnie A. Birk.Christine M. Reno - 2007 - Speculum 82 (3):683-685.
  11.  38
    Christine E. Sherretz 79.Christine E. Sherretz - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  12.  4
    Christine Williams.Christine Williams - 2011 - Gender and Society 25 (3):373-376.
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  13.  72
    On Delight: Thoughts for Tomorrow.Claudia Westermann - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (1):43-51.
    The article introduces the problematics of the classical two-valued logic on which Western thought is generally based, outlining that under the conditions of its logical assumptions the subject I is situated in a world that it cannot address. In this context, the article outlines a short history of cybernetics and the shift from first- to second-order cybernetics. The basic principles of Gordon Pask’s 1976 Conversation Theory are introduced. It is argued that this second-order theory grants agency to others through a (...)
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  14. Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View.Christine Swanton - 2003 - Clarendon Press.
    Christine Swanton offers a new, comprehensive theory of virtue ethics which addresses the major concerns of modern ethical theory from a character-based perspective. The book departs in significant ways from classical virtue ethics and neo-Aristotelianism, employing insights from Nietzsche and other sources, resulting in a highly distinctive and original brand of virtue ethics.
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  15. The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology.Christine M. Korsgaard - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Christine M. Korsgaard is one of today's leading moral philosophers: this volume collects ten influential papers by her on practical reason and moral psychology ...
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  16.  2
    Christine E. Bose.Christine E. Bose - 2011 - Gender and Society 25 (3):368-373.
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  17. Christine Overall, Ed. And William P. Zion, Assoc. Ed., Perspectives on AIDS: Ethical and Social Issues Reviewed By.Christine Harrison - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (2):130-132.
     
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  18.  84
    Modeling Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.Gert Westermann, Sylvain Sirois, Thomas R. Shultz & Denis Mareschal - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):227-232.
  19. Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity.Christine M. Korsgaard - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Agency and identity -- Necessitation -- Acts and actions -- Aristotle and Kant -- Agency and practical identity -- The metaphysics of normativity -- Constitutive standards -- The constitution of life -- In defense of teleology -- The paradox of self-constitution -- Formal and substantive principles of reason -- Formal versus substantive -- Testing versus weighing -- Maximizing and prudence -- Practical reason and the unity of the will -- The empiricist account of normativity -- The rationalist account of normativity (...)
     
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  20.  37
    Institutionalizing Peace Through Commerce: Engagement or Divestment in South African and Sudan.Michelle Westermann-Behaylo - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S4):417 - 434.
    Peace through Commerce literature has discussed how business can engage in more responsible behavior in order to mitigate conflict risk and promote conflict resolution. However, in many conflict situations, the question arises at what point does it become impossible for a firm to remain engaged on the ground and still function as an ethical business? This article discusses the role of divestment activist groups in changing institutional norms among MNCs operating in conflict situations. Institutional norms shift from firms conducting "business (...)
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  21. Genesis 1–11: A Commentary.Claus Westermann & John J. Scullion - 1984
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  22.  32
    Experience‐Dependent Brain Development as a Key to Understanding the Language System.Gert Westermann - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):446-458.
    An influential view of the nature of the language system is that of an evolved biological system in which a set of rules is combined with a lexicon that contains the words of the language together with a representation of their context. Alternative views, usually based on connectionist modeling, attempt to explain the structure of language on the basis of complex associative processes. Here, I put forward a third view that stresses experience-dependent structural development of the brain circuits supporting language (...)
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  23.  37
    Émotions et Valeurs.Christine Tappolet - 2000 - Presses Universitaires de France.
    Pour contrer le scepticisme au sujet de la connaissance des valeurs, la plupart soutiennent avec John Rawls qu’une croyance comme celle qu’une action est bonne est justifiée dans la mesure où elle appartient à un ensemble de croyances cohérent, ayant atteint un équilibre réfléchi. -/- Christine Tappolet s’inspire des travaux de Max Scheler et d’Alexius von Meinong pour défendre une conception opposée au cohérentisme. La connaissance des valeurs est affirmée dépendre de nos émotions, ces dernières étant conçues comme des (...)
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  24.  11
    Elaborative Encoding During REM Dreaming as Prospective Emotion Regulation.Stefan Westermann, Frieder M. Paulus, Laura Müller-Pinzler & Sören Krach - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):631-633.
  25. How Brains Make Chaos in Order to Make Sense of the World.Christine A. Skarda & Walter J. Freeman - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (2):161-173.
  26.  37
    Lexique de Christine de PizanJoël Blanchard Michel Quereuil.Christine M. Reno - 2002 - Speculum 77 (4):1239-1241.
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  27. Marilynn Desmond, Ed., Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference.(Medieval Cultures, 14.) Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Pp. Xix, 287; 41 Black-and-White Figures and 1 Table. $57.95 (Cloth); $22.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]Christine M. Reno - 2000 - Speculum 75 (1):171-173.
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  28.  9
    A Neuroconstructivist Model of Past Tense Development and Processing.Gert Westermann & Nicolas Ruh - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):649-667.
  29. Festinger's Theory of Cognitive Dissonance: A Structuralist Theory-Net.R. Westermann - 2000 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 75:189-218.
  30.  25
    Motive-Oriented Therapeutic Relationship Building for Patients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia.Stefan Westermann, Marialuisa Cavelti, Eva Heibach & Franz Caspar - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  31.  28
    The Role of the Lament in the Theology of the Old Testament.Claus Westermann - 1974 - Interpretation 28 (1):20-38.
    The Old Testament cannot pin God down to a single soteriologe ; it can only speak of God's saving acts within a whole series of events, and that necessarily involves some kind of verbal exchange between God and man. This latter includes both the cry of man in distress and the response of praise which the saved make to God.
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  32. Emotions, Value, and Agency.Christine Tappolet - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Emotions are crucial to human agency. But what are emotions? And how do they relate to agency? The aim of this book is to spell out an account of emotions, which is grounded on analogies between emotions and sensory experiences, and to explore the implications of this account for our understanding of human agency. The central claim is that emotions consist in perceptual experiences of values, such as the fearsome, the disgusting or the admirable. A virtue of this account is (...)
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  33. The Normativity of Instrumental Reason.Christine Korsgaard - 1997 - In Garrett Cullity & Berys Gaut (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    This paper criticizes two accounts of the normativity of practical principles: the empiricist account and the rationalist or realist account. It argues against the empiricist view, focusing on the Humean texts that are usually taken to be its locus classicus. It then argues both against the dogmatic rationalist view, and for the Kantian view, through a discussion of Kant's own remarks about instrumental rationality in the second section of the Groundwork. It further argues that the instrumental principle cannot stand alone. (...)
     
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  34.  17
    The Shape of Words in the Brain.Vanja Kovic, Kim Plunkett & Gert Westermann - 2010 - Cognition 114 (1):19-28.
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  35.  77
    Christine de Pizan: A Bibliographical Guide, Supplement I.Angus J. Kennedy.Nadia Margolis & Christine Reno - 1997 - Speculum 72 (3):845-846.
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  36. Fellow Creatures: Kantian Ethics and Our Duties to Animals.Christine M. Korsgaard - unknown
    Christine M. Korsgaard is Arthur Kingsley Porter Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University. She was educated at the University of Illinois and received a Ph.D. from Harvard. She has held positions at Yale, the University of California at Santa Barbara, and the University of Chicago, and visiting positions at Berkeley and UCLA. She is a member of the American Philosophical Association and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She has published extensively on Kant, and about (...)
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  37. Skepticism About Practical Reason.Christine M. Korsgaard - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):5-25.
    Content skepticism about practical reason is doubt about the bearing of rational considerations on the activities of deliberation and choice. Motivational skepticism is doubt about the scope of reason as a motive. Some people think that motivational considerations alone provide grounds for skepticism about the project of founding ethics on practical reason. I will argue, against this view, that motivational skepticism must always be based on content skepticism. I will not address the question of whether or not content skepticism is (...)
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  38. The Phenomenal Woman: Feminist Metaphysics and the Patterns of Identity.Christine Battersby - 1998 - Routledge.
    Christine Battersby rethinks questions of embodiment, essence, sameness and difference, self and "other", patriarchy and power. Using analyses of Kant, Adorno, Irigaray, Butler, Kierkegaard and Deleuze, she challenges those who argue that a feminist metaphysics is a a contradiction in terms. This book explores place for a metaphysics of fluidity in the current debates concerning postmodernism, feminism and identity politics.
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  39. Two Distinctions in Goodness.Christine M. Korsgaard - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (2):169-195.
  40.  9
    Inherited Territories: The Glarus Alps, Knowledge Validation, and the Genealogical Organization of Nineteenth-Century Swiss Alpine Geognosy.Andrea Westermann - 2009 - Science in Context 22 (3):439-461.
    ArgumentThe article examines the organizational patterns of nineteenth-century Swiss Alpine geology. It argues that early and middle nineteenth-century Swiss geognosy was shaped in genealogical terms and that the patterns of genealogical reasoning and practice worked as a vehicle of transmission toward the generalization of locally gained empirical knowledge. The case study is provided by the Zurich geologist Albert Heim, who, in the early 1870s, blended intellectual and patrilineal genealogies that connected two generations of fathers and sons: Hans Conrad and Arnold (...)
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  41.  51
    Why Have Children?: The Ethical Debate.Christine Overall - 2012 - MIT Press.
    In contemporary Western society, people are more often called upon to justify the choice not to have children than they are to supply reasons for having them. In this book, Christine Overall maintains that the burden of proof should be reversed: that the choice to have children calls for more careful justification and reasoning than the choice not to. Arguing that the choice to have children is not just a prudential or pragmatic decision but one with ethical repercussions, Overall (...)
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  42.  27
    Business and Peace: Sketching the Terrain.Jennifer Oetzel, Michelle Westermann-Behaylo, Charles Koerber, Timothy L. Fort & Jorge Rivera - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S4):351-373.
    Our goals in this article are to summarize the existing literature on the role business can play in creating sustainable peace and to discuss important avenues for extending this research. As part of our discussion, we review the ethical arguments and related research made to date, including the rationale and motivation for businesses to engage in conflict resolution and peace building, and discuss how scholars are extending research in this area. We also focus on specific ways companies can actively engage (...)
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  43. Fellow Creatures: Our Obligations to the Other Animals.Christine M. Korsgaard - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Christine M. Korsgaard presents a compelling new view of our moral relationships to the other animals. She offers challenging answers to such questions as: Are people superior to animals, and does it matter morally if we are? Is it all right for us to eat animals, experiment on them, make them work for us, and keep them as pets?
     
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  44. Managers' Personal Values as Drivers of Corporate Social Responsibility.Christine A. Hemingway & Patrick W. Maclagan - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (1):33-44.
    In this theoretical paper, motives for CSR are considered. An underlying assumption is that the commercial imperative is not the sole driver of CSR decision-making in private sector companies, but that the formal adoption and implementation of CSR by corporations could be associated with the changing personal values of individual managers. These values may find expression through the opportunity to exercise discretion, which may arise in various ways. It is suggested that in so far as CSR initiatives represent individuals' values, (...)
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  45.  51
    Le Livre de la Cité des Dames. Christine de Pizan, Eric Hicks, Thérèse Moreau.Christine M. Reno - 1989 - Speculum 64 (3):690-691.
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  46.  73
    "The Epistle of the Prison of Human Life" with "An Epistle to the Queen of France" and "Lament on the Evils of the Civil War". Christine de Pizan, Josette A. Wisman.Christine Reno - 1987 - Speculum 62 (1):121-123.
  47.  46
    Descriptio Picturae: Die Literarische Funktion der Beschreibung von Kunstwerken in der Lateinischen Großdichtung des 12. Jahrhunderts.Christine Ratkowitsch.Christine Smith - 1994 - Speculum 69 (2):555-557.
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  48.  20
    Models of Atypical Development Must Also Be Models of Normal Development.Gert Westermann & Denis Mareschal - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):771-772.
    Connectionist models aiming to reveal the mechanisms of atypical development must in their undamaged form constitute plausible models of normal development and follow a developmental trajectory that matches empirical data. Constructivist models that adapt their structure to the learning task satisfy this demand. They are therefore more informative in the study of atypical development than the static models employed by Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith (T&K-S).
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  49. Emotions, Perceptions, and Emotional Illusions.Christine Tappolet - 2012 - In Calabi Clotilde (ed.), Perceptual Illusions. Philosophical and Psychological Essays, Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 207-24.
    Emotions often misfire. We sometimes fear innocuous things, such as spiders or mice, and we do so even if we firmly believe that they are innocuous. This is true of all of us, and not only of phobics, who can be considered to suffer from extreme manifestations of a common tendency. We also feel too little or even sometimes no fear at all with respect to very fearsome things, and we do so even if we believe that they are fearsome. (...)
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  50. Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth-Century Moral Philosophy.Christine M. Korsgaard - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Research 28 (Supplement):99-122.
    In this paper I trace the development of one of the central debates of late twentieth-century moral philosophy—the debate between realism and what Rawls called “constructivism.” Realism, I argue, is a reactive position that arises in response to almost every attempt to give a substantive explanation of morality. It results from the realist’s belief that such explanations inevitably reduce moral phenomena to natural phenomena. I trace this belief, and the essence of realism, to a view about the nature of concepts—that (...)
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