Results for 'Wilhelm Gaus'

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  1.  26
    Applying Evidence to Support Ethical Decisions: Is the Placebo Really Powerless?Franz Porzsolt, Nicole Scholtz-Gorton, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Anke Thim, Karin Meissner, Irmgard Roeckl-Wiedmann, Barbara Herzberger, Renatus Ziegler, Wilhelm Gaus & Ernst Pöppel - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):119-132.
    Using placebos in day-to-day practice is an ethical problem. This paper summarises the available epidemiological evidence to support this difficult decision. Based on these data we propose to differentiate between placebo and “knowledge framing”. While the use of placebo should be confined to experimental settings in clinical trials, knowledge framing — which is only conceptually different from placebo — is a desired, expected and necessary component of any doctor-patient encounter. Examples from daily practice demonstrate both, the need to investigate the (...)
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  2.  17
    Applying Evidence to Support Ethical Decisions: Is the Placebo Really Powerless? [REVIEW]Prof Dr Franz Porzsolt, Nicole Scholtz-Gorton, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Anke Thim, Karin Meissner, Irmgard Roeckl-Wiedmann, Barbara Herzberger, Renatus Ziegler, Wilhelm Gaus & Ernst Pöppel - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):119-132.
    Using placebos in day-to-day practice is an ethical problem. This paper summarises the available epidemiological evidence to support this difficult decision. Based on these data we propose to differentiate between placebo and “knowledge framing”. While the use of placebo should be confined to experimental settings in clinical trials, knowledge framing — which is only conceptually different from placebo — is a desired, expected and necessary component of any doctor-patient encounter. Examples from daily practice demonstrate both, the need to investigate the (...)
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  3.  24
    Understanding the "I Ching": The Wilhelm Lectures on the Book of Changes.Hellmut Wilhelm & Richard Wilhelm - 1995 - Princeton University Press.
    The West's foremost translator of the I Ching, Richard Wilhelm thought deeply about how contemporary readers could benefit from this ancient work and its perennially valid insights into change and chance.
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  4. What is Deontology?, Part One: Orthodox Viewsa Gerald F. Gaus.Gerald Gaus - unknown
    Current moral philosophy is often seen as essentially a debate between the two great traditions of consequentialism and deontology. Although there has been considerable work clarifying consequentialism, deontology is more often attacked or defended than analyzed. Just how we are to understand the very idea of a deontological ethic? We shall see that competing conceptions of deontology have been advanced in recent ethical thinking, leading to differences in classifying ethical theories. If we do not focus on implausible versions, the idea (...)
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  5. What is Deontology?, Part Two: Reasons to Act Gerald F. Gaus.Gerald Gaus - unknown
    Part One of this essay considered familiar ways of characterizing deontology, which focus on the notions of the good and the right. Here we will take up alternative approaches, which stress the type of reasons for actions that are generated by deontological theories. Although some of these alternative conceptualizations of deontology also employ a distinction between the good and the right, all mark the basic contrast between deontology and teleology in terms of reasons to act.
     
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  6.  1
    Why All Welfare States Are Unreasonable*: GERALD F. GAUS.Gerald F. Gaus - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):1-33.
    Liberal political theory is all too familiar with the divide between classical and welfare-state liberals. Classical liberals, as we all know, insist on the importance of small government, negative liberty, and private property. Welfare-state liberals, on the other hand, although they too stress civil rights, tend to be sympathetic to “positive liberty,” are for a much more expansive government, and are often ambivalent about private property. Although I do not go so far as to entirely deny the usefulness of this (...)
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  7. Coercion, Ownership, and the Redistributive State: Justificatory Liberalism's Classical Tilt: Gerald Gaus.Gerald Gaus - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (1):233-275.
    Justificatory liberalism is liberal in an abstract and foundational sense: it respects each as free and equal, and so insists that coercive laws must be justified to all members of the public. In this essay I consider how this fundamental liberal principle relates to disputes within the liberal tradition on “the extent of the state.” It is widely thought today that this core liberal principle of respect requires that the state regulates the distribution of resources or well-being to conform to (...)
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  8. Property, Rights, and Freedom*: GERALD F. GAUS.Gerald F. Gaus - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):209-240.
    William Perm summarized the Magna Carta thus: “First, It asserts Englishmen to be free; that's Liberty. Secondly, they that have free-holds, that's Property.” Since at least the seventeenth century, liberals have not only understood liberty and property to be fundamental, but to be somehow intimately related or interwoven. Here, however, consensus ends; liberals present an array of competing accounts of the relation between liberty and property. Many, for instance, defend an essentially instrumental view, typically seeing private property as justified because (...)
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  9.  95
    Legitimacy, Democracy and Public Justification: Rawls' Political Liberalism Versus Gaus' Justificatory Liberalism.Enzo Rossi - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (1):9-25.
    Public justification-based accounts of liberal legitimacy rely on the idea that a polity’s basic structure should, in some sense, be acceptable to its citizens. In this paper I discuss the prospects of that approach through the lens of Gerald Gaus’ critique of John Rawls’ paradigmatic account of democratic public justification. I argue that Gaus does succeed in pointing out some significant problems for Rawls’ political liberalism; yet his alternative, justificatory liberalism, is not voluntaristic enough to satisfy the desiderata (...)
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  10.  71
    A Hierarchy of Armchairs: Gerald Gaus on Political Thought Experiments.Nenad Miscevic - 2013 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 9 (1):52-63.
    The paper places the work of G. Gaus into the tradition of political thought experimenting. In particular, his strategy of modeling moral decision by the heuristic device of idealized Members of the Public is presented as an iterated thought experiment, which stands in marked contrast with more traditional devices like the veil of ignorance. The consequences are drawn, and issues of utopianism and realism briefly discussed.
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  11.  30
    But is It Sociology of Knowledge? Wilhelm Jerusalem's “Sociology of Cognition” in Context.Thomas Uebel - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):5-37.
    This paper considers the charge that—contrary to the current widespread assumption accompanying the near-universal neglect of his work—Wilhelm Jerusalem (1854–1923) cannot count as one of the founders of the sociology of (scientific) knowledge. In order to elucidate the matter, Jerusalem’s “sociology of cognition” is here reconstructed in the context of his own work in psychology and philosophy as well as in the context of the work of some predecessors and contemporaries. It is argued that while it shows clear discontinuities (...)
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  12.  36
    Wilhelm Ostwald's Energetics 3: Energetic Theory and Applications, Part II. [REVIEW]Robert J. Deltete - 2008 - Foundations of Chemistry 10 (3):187-221.
    This is the third of a series of essays on the development and reception of Wilhelm Ostwald’s energetics. The first essay described the chemical origins of Ostwald’s interest in the energy concept and his motivations for seeking a comprehensive science of energy. The second essay and the present one discuss his various attempts, beginning in 1891 and extending over almost 3 years, to develop a consistent and coherent energetic theory. A final essay will consider reactions to this work and (...)
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  13.  44
    Review of Gerald Gaus, The Order of Public Reason. [REVIEW]Matthew Lister - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Review.
  14.  11
    Human Genetics and Politics as Mutually Beneficial Resources: The Case of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics During the Third Reich.Sheila Faith Weiss - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (1):41-88.
    This essay analyzes one of Germany's former premier research institutions for biomedical research, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics (KWIA) as a test case for the way in which politics and human heredity served as resources for each other during the Third Reich. Examining the KWIA from this perspective brings us a step closer to answering the questions at the heart of most recent scholarship concerning the biomedical community under the swastika: (1) How do we (...)
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  15.  31
    Universality, Particularity, and Potentiality: The Sources of Human Divergence as Arise From Wilhelm Dilthey's Writings.Amnon Marom - 2014 - Human Studies 37 (1):1-13.
    This study examines the sources of human divergence as arise from Wilhelm Dilthey’s writings. While Dilthey assigns a central role to the human subject, he never synthesizes his major ideas on subjectivity into a unified theory of subjective uniqueness. I will show that such a theory can be derived from his writings through the combination of three ideas that appear in them. These ideas are: (1) the thesis that human understanding is possible because of psychological content that is shared (...)
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  16.  2
    Wilhelm Windelband and the Problem of Relativism.Katherina Kinzel - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (1):84-107.
    This paper analyzes the shifts in Wilhelm Windelband’s ‘critical philosophy of values’ as it developed hand in hand with his understanding of relativism. The paper has two goals. On the one hand, by analyzing the role that relativism played in his philosophical project, it seeks to contribute to a better understanding of Windelband's intellectual development in the context of historicism and Neo-Kantianism. On the other hand, by highlighting Windelband’s contribution to the understanding of relativism, it sheds light on an (...)
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  17. Wilhelm Diltheys Geschichtliche Lebensphilosophie.Dietrich Bischoff & Wilhelm Dilthey - 1935 - B. G. Teubner.
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  18.  7
    Wilhelm Müllers ‘Die Winterreise’ und die Erlösungsversprechen der Romantik.Andreas Dorschel - 1993 - The German Quarterly 66 (4):467-476.
    Wilhelm Müller's lyric cycle "Die Winterreise", superficially the depiction of the end of an unhappy erotic relationship, can be interpreted as a negation of the promises of deliverance which, during the early Romantic period, were associated with the spheres of dreams, death, nature, contemplation, and love. Even art, Müller's own medium, seems susceptible to this negation.
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  19. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's Leben.Karl Rosenkranz & Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - 1844 - Duncker Und Humblot.
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  20.  4
    Continuity and Discontinuity in Wilhelm Dilthey's Thinking.Amnon Marom - 2014 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):439-451.
    This study seeks to provide a new resolution to an old controversy regarding Wilhelm Dilthey's methodological writings, written from 1880 to 1911. This controversy concentrates on the relations of Dilthey's early psychology and his late hermeneutics. On one side of this controversy stand interpreters who claim that the appearance of the late hermeneutics marks a dramatic change in Dilthey's thought, and even creates an internal paradox in his thinking. On the other side, stand interpreters who view his thought as (...)
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  21.  1
    In What Sense Christian?: The Humane Economic Ethic of Wilhelm Röpke.Charles McDaniel - 2016 - Journal of Religious Ethics 44 (1):116-147.
    Christian social thinkers who strongly support the free-market system often have drawn connections between the social values of their faith and the ideas of Austrian economist Friedrich Hayek. Hayek's comments on religion, however, seem to predict its demise for the sake of progress, whereas his colleague Wilhelm Röpke posits “transcendent” religion and established moral traditions as essential to a humane economy. This essay contends that what Röpke described as “enmassment” has similarities to the present “financialization” of society, which involves (...)
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  22. Eine Wissenschaftliche Akademie Für China Briefe des Chinamissionars Joachim Bouvet S.J. An Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Und Jean-Paul Bignon Über Die Erforschung der Chinesischen Kultur, Sprache Und Geschichte.Jean-Paul Bignon, Joachim Bouvet, Claudia von Collani & Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - 1989
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  23.  1
    Zwischen Fürstenwillkür Und Menschheitswohl: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Als Bibliothekar.Karin Hartbecke (ed.) - 2008 - Vittorio Klostermann.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz leitete die Bibliothek der Hannoveraner Welfen vierzig Jahre lang bis zu seinem Tod 1716.
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  24. Philosophie des Rechts Nachschrift der Vorlesung von 1822/23 von Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Heyse.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Heyse & Erich Schilbach - 1999
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  25. Register Zu Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Mathematische Schriften Und der Briefwechsel Mit Mathematikern.Joseph Ehrenfried Hofmann & Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - 1977
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  26. Logik Und Logikkalkül Hrsg. Von Max Käsbauer Und Franz von Kutschera [Herrn Professor Dr. Wilhelm Britzelmayr Zum 70. Geburtstag ... Gewidmet]. [REVIEW]Max Käsbauer, Franz von Kutschera & Wilhelm Britzelmayr - 1962 - K. Alber.
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  27. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Vorträge der Aus Anlass Seines 300. Geburtstages in Hamburg Abgehaltenen Wissenschaftlichen Tagung.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - 1946 - Hansischer Gildenverlag.
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  28. Wilhelm von Humboldt on Language : On the Diversity of Human Language Construction and its Influence on the Mental Development of the Human Species.Michael Losonsky & Peter Heath (eds.) - 1999
    Wilhelm von Humboldt's classic study of human language was first published in 1836, as a general introduction to his three-volume treatise on the Kawi language of Java. It is the final statement of his lifelong study of the nature of language, exploring its universal structures and its relation to mind and culture. Empirically wide-ranging - Humboldt goes far beyond the Indo-European family of languages - it remains one of the most interesting and important attempts to draw philosophical conclusions from (...)
     
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  29. Kulturwissenschaften Festgabe Für Wilhelm Perpeet Zum 65. Geburtstag.Wilhelm Perpeet, Heinrich Lützeler, Gerhard Pfafferott & Eckart Strohmaier - 1980
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  30. Denken Im Schatten des Nihilismus Festschrift F. Wilhelm Weischedel Z. 70. Geburtstag Am 11. Apr. 1975.Alexander Schwan & Wilhelm Weischedel - 1975
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  31.  19
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: Critical Assessments.R. S. Woolhouse (ed.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) was one of the seventeenth century's most important thinkers. A philosopher, mathematician and scientist, his work is comparable in scope and importance only to that of Newton and Descartes. His work dominated German philosophy until Kant, and was revived in the early part of this century when his important work on logic was re-discovered. This four volume set contains 97 of the most important essays ever written about Leibniz's work. The selection has been made to (...)
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  32.  4
    Historical Understanding in the Thought of Wilhelm Dilthey.Theodore Plantinga - 1980 - Philosophical Review 91 (4):630-632.
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  33. The Philosophy of Wilhelm Dilthey.H. A. Hodges - 1952 - Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press.
     
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  34. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Vader van Die Moderne Universiteit.H. J. De Vleeschauwer - 1967 - [S.N.].
     
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  35. Ego Und Alterego Wilhelm Bolin Und Friedrich Jodl Im Kampf Um Die Aufklärung : Festschrift Für Juha Manninen.Georg Gimpl & Juha Manninen - 1996
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  36. Unter Uns Gesagt Friedrich Jodls Briefe an Wilhelm Bolin.Friedrich Jodl, Georg Gimpl & Juha Manninen - 1990
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  37. The Problem of Relativism and the Possibility of Metaphysics a Constructive Development of Certain Ideas in R.G. Collingwood, Wilhelm Dilthey and Paul Tillich.Gordon D. Kaufman - 1997 - Umi Dissertation Services.
     
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  38. History, Method, and Theology a Dialectical Comparison of Wilhelm Dilthey's Critique of Historical Reason and Bernard Lonergan's Meta-Methodology.Matthew L. Lamb - 1978
     
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  39. Wilhelm Wundts Stellung Zur Erkenntnistheorie Kants.Willi Nef - 1914 - Philosophical Review 23 (1):99-99.
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  40. Wissenschaft Und Weltgestaltung Internationales Symposion Zum 350. Geburtstag von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Vom 9. Bis 11. April 1996 in Leipzig. [REVIEW]Kurt Nowak, Hans Poser & Sèachsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig - 1999
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  41. Understanding as the Basis for Historical Inquiry in the Later Philosophy of Wilhelm Dilthey.Theodore Plantinga & Ont Toronto - 1975 - [S.N.].
     
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  42. The Liberty of the Individual a Comparison of the Views of Wilhelm von Humbolt, John Stuart Mill and Thomas Hill Green.J. M. Roberts - 1967
     
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  43. Dialektisches Denken in der Philosophie von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.Anna Simonovits - 1968 - Akádemiai Kiadó.
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  44. Wilhelm Dilthey's Philosophy of Historical Understanding a Critical Analysis.Howard N. Tuttle - 1969 - Brill.
     
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  45. J.J. Wilhelm Heinse Und Die Ästhetik Zur Zeit der Deutschen Aufklärung Eine Problemgeschichtliche Studie.Emil Utitz - 1906 - Niemeyer.
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  46. Die Philosophischen Schriften von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz & C. I. Gerhardt - 1875 - Weidmann.
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  47. Wilhelm Ostwald's Energetics 2: Energetic Theory and Applications, Part I. [REVIEW]R. J. Deltete - 2007 - Foundations of Chemistry 9 (3):265-316.
    This is the second of a series of essays on the development and reception of Wilhelm Ostwald’s energetics. The first essay described the chemical origins of Ostwald’s interest in the energy concept and his motivations for seeking a comprehensive science of energy. The present essay and the next discuss his various attempts, beginning in 1891 and extending over almost 3 years, to develop a consistent and coherent energetic theory. A final essay will consider reactions to this work and Ostwald’s (...)
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  48.  20
    Sources of Wilhelm Johannsen's Genotype Theory.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):457-493.
    This paper describes the historical background and early formation of Wilhelm Johannsen's distinction between genotype and phenotype. It is argued that contrary to a widely accepted interpretation his concepts referred primarily to properties of individual organisms and not to statistical averages. Johannsen's concept of genotype was derived from the idea of species in the tradition of biological systematics from Linnaeus to de Vries: An individual belonged to a group - species, subspecies, elementary species - by representing a certain underlying (...)
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  49.  1
    Sources of Wilhelm Johannsen’s Genotype Theory.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):457-493.
    This paper describes the historical background and early formation of Wilhelm Johannsen's distinction between genotype and phenotype. It is argued that contrary to a widely accepted interpretation his concepts referred primarily to properties of individual organisms and not to statistical averages. Johannsen's concept of genotype was derived from the idea of species in the tradition of biological systematics from Linnaeus to de Vries: An individual belonged to a group - species, subspecies, elementary species - by representing a certain underlying (...)
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  50. Review of Gerald Gaus's The Order of Public Reason: A Theory of Freedom and Morality in a Diverse and Bounded World. [REVIEW]Jussi Suikkanen - 2014 - Economics and Philosophy 30 (1):103-116.
    This is a book review of Gerald Gaus's book The Order of Public Reason: A Theory of Freedom and Morality in a Diverse and Bounded World.
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