Search results for 'Willard Downs' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  15
    Willard Downs & Kelley Ann Newton (1989). Legal Implications in Development and Use of Expert Systems in Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (1):53-58.
    Applications of Artificial Intelligence, particularly Expert Systems, are rapidly increasing. This science promises to give computer-based systems the capability of reasoning and decision making in near human-like fashion. Whether used for farm management or intelligent machine control, Expert Systems will find many agricultural applications. Much of the development and distribution of such systems will probably take place in the public sector, particularly the Cooperative Extension Service. A major nontechnical factor affecting the development and extensive use of Expert Systems is the (...)
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  2. Willard Downs & Kelley Ann Newton (1989). Legal Implications in Development and Use of Expert Systems in Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural Ethics 2 (1):53-58.
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  3. Anthony Downs (2004). Anthony Downs♦ 21.11. 1930. In Gisela Riescher (ed.), Politische Theorie der Gegenwart in Einzeldarstellungen. Von Adorno Bis Young. Alfred Kröner Verlag. pp. 343--119.
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  4. Charles Arthur Willard (1982). Argumentation and the Social Grounds of Knowledge. University Alabama Press.
    "As a distinctive philosophy, religious humanism emphasizes man's place in an unfathomed universe, reason as an instrument for discovering the truth, free inquiry as a condition for discerning meaning and purpose, and happiness as a fundamental value. "Man's uniqueness emerges partly from homo sapiens' capacity to employ symbols effectively. For this reason, Willard's provocative book is not a celebration of controversy but a sophisticated study exploring the grounds of man's knowledge. Drawing upon phenomenologists such as Alfred Schultz, psychologists such (...)
     
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  5.  20
    Stephen Downs (2013). Earthly Visions: Theology and the Challenges of Art [Book Review]. The Australasian Catholic Record 90 (1):117.
    Downs, Stephen Review(s) of: Earthly visions: Theology and the challenges of art, by T.J. Gorringe, (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2011), pp. 254, $55.00.
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  6. Donald Alexander Downs & Ilia Murtazashvili (2012). Arms and the University: Military Presence and the Civic Education of Non-Military Students. Cambridge University Press.
    Alienation between the U.S. military and society has grown in recent decades. Such alienation is unhealthy, as it threatens both sufficient civilian control of the military and the long-standing ideal of the 'citizen soldier'. Nowhere is this issue more predominant than at many major universities, which began turning their backs on the military during the chaotic years of the Vietnam War. Arms and the University probes various dimensions of this alienation, as well as recent efforts to restore a closer relationship (...)
     
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  7. Stephen Downs (2014). Catholics and Other Faiths Since Vatican II. Australasian Catholic Record, The 91 (1):49.
    Downs, Stephen Many Catholics know that Vatican II advocated a more positive approach to other religions and belief systems, and called for dialogue with their adherents. But has any progress been made since then? Some will have heard of dialogue between Catholics and people of other faiths taking place. But what of the Catholic understanding of other faiths; has it changed or developed since Vatican II?
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  8. Charles Arthur Willard (2009). Argumentation and the Social Grounds of Knowledge. University Alabama Press.
    "As a distinctive philosophy, religious humanism emphasizes man's place in an unfathomed universe, reason as an instrument for discovering the truth, free inquiry as a condition for discerning meaning and purpose, and happiness as a fundamental value. "Man's uniqueness emerges partly from homo sapiens' capacity to employ symbols effectively. For this reason, Willard's provocative book is not a celebration of controversy but a sophisticated study exploring the grounds of man's knowledge. Drawing upon phenomenologists such as Alfred Schultz, psychologists such (...)
     
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  9.  46
    Aiyana K. Willard & Ara Norenzayan (2013). Cognitive Biases Explain Religious Belief, Paranormal Belief, and Belief in Life's Purpose. Cognition 129 (2):379-391.
  10. M. B. Willard (2014). Against Simplicity. Philosophical Studies 167 (1):165-181.
    Sometimes metaphysicians appeal to simplicity as a reason to prefer one metaphysical theory to another, especially when a philosophical dispute has otherwise reached a state of equilibrium. In this paper, I show that given a Quinean conception of metaphysics, several initially plausible justifications for simplicity as a metaphysical criterion do not succeed. If philosophers wish to preserve simplicity as a metaphysical criterion, therefore, they must radically reconceive the project of metaphysics.
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  11. Christopher J. Cowton & Yvonne Downs, Heated Debates and Cool Analysis: Thinking Well About Financial Ethics.
    Not for the first time, the banks and other financial institutions have got themselves – and the rest of us – into a mess, this time on an unprecedented financial and geographical scale. It is no surprise that opinions about causes, consequences and cures abound with ethical issues, as well as technical and economic concerns, a focus of attention. It is to be hoped that useful lessons for the future will be learned. In this chapter, however, we step back from (...)
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  12.  4
    Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Aiyana K. Willard, Rita A. McNamara, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich (2014). The Cultural Evolution of Prosocial Religions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-86.
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  13. Michael H. Albert & Ross Willard (1987). Injectives in Finitely Generated Universal Horn Classes. Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (3):786-792.
    Let K be a finite set of finite structures. We give a syntactic characterization of the property: every element of K is injective in ISP(K). We use this result to establish that A is injective in ISP(A) for every two-element algebra A.
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  14.  1
    Christopher J. Cowton & Yvonne Downs (2015). Use of Focus Groups in Business Ethics Research: Potential, Problems and Paths to Progress. Business Ethics: A European Review 24:S54-S66.
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  15. Edmund Husserl & Dallas Willard (2003). Philosophy of Arithmetic Psychological and Logical Investigations : With Supplementary Texts From 1887-1901.
     
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  16. Dallas Willard (1999). How Concepts Relate the Mind to Its Objects. Philosophia Christi 2 (2):5-20.
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  17. M. B. Willard (2013). Game Called on Account of Fog: Metametaphysics and Epistemic Dismissivism. Philosophical Studies 164 (1):1-14.
    Is arguing over ontology a mistake? A recent proposal by Karen Bennett suggests that some metaphysical disputes, such as those over constitution and composition, can be dismissed on epistemic grounds. Given that both sides in a dispute try to minimize the differences between them, there are no good metaphysical grounds for choosing between them. In this paper, I expand on her epistemic dismissivism, arguing that given the Quinean conception of the task and method of metaphysics, we are warranted in believing (...)
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  18.  39
    Dallas Willard (1986). Logic and the Objectivity of Knowledge: A Study of Husserl's Early Philosophy. Philosophical Review 95 (4):611-614.
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  19.  15
    Mary Beth Willard (2016). Vandals or Visionaries? The Ethical Criticism of Street Art. Essays in Philosophy 17 (1):95-124.
    To the person unfamiliar with the wide variety of street art, the term “street artist” conjures a young man furtively sneaking around a decaying city block at night, spray paint in hand, defacing concrete structures, ears pricked for police sirens. The possibility of the ethical criticism of street art on such a conception seems hardly worth the time. This has to be an easy question. Street art is vandalism; vandalism is causing the intentional damage or destruction of someone else’s property; (...)
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  20.  98
    David J. Downs (forthcoming). Book Review: 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians. [REVIEW] Interpretation 62 (3):342-342.
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  21.  17
    Dan E. Willard (2001). Self-Verifying Axiom Systems, the Incompleteness Theorem and Related Reflection Principles. Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (2):536-596.
    We will study several weak axiom systems that use the Subtraction and Division primitives (rather than Addition and Multiplication) to formally encode the theorems of Arithmetic. Provided such axiom systems do not recognize Multiplication as a total function, we will show that it is feasible for them to verify their Semantic Tableaux, Herbrand, and Cut-Free consistencies. If our axiom systems additionally do not recognize Addition as a total function, they will be capable of recognizing the consistency of their Hilbert-style deductive (...)
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  22. Dallas Willard (1969). Expressions and Assertions. Journal of Philosophy 66 (8):238-247.
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  23.  12
    Ross Willard (2000). A Finite Basis Theorem for Residually Finite, Congruence Meet-Semidistributive Varieties. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (1):187-200.
    We derive a Mal'cev condition for congruence meet-semidistributivity and then use it to prove two theorems. Theorem A: if a variety in a finite language is congruence meet-semidistributive and residually less than some finite cardinal, then it is finitely based. Theorem B: there is an algorithm which, given $m and a finite algebra in a finite language, determines whether the variety generated by the algebra is congruence meet-semidistributive and residually less than m.
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  24.  8
    Dan E. Willard (2002). How to Extend the Semantic Tableaux and Cut-Free Versions of the Second Incompleteness Theorem Almost to Robinson's Arithmetic Q. Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (1):465-496.
    Let us recall that Raphael Robinson's Arithmetic Q is an axiom system that differs from Peano Arithmetic essentially by containing no Induction axioms [13], [18]. We will generalize the semantic-tableaux version of the Second Incompleteness Theorem almost to the level of System Q. We will prove that there exists a single rather long Π 1 sentence, valid in the standard model of the Natural Numbers and denoted as V, such that if α is any finite consistent extension of Q + (...)
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  25.  13
    Dan E. Willard (2005). An Exploration of the Partial Respects in Which an Axiom System Recognizing Solely Addition as a Total Function Can Verify its Own Consistency. Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (4):1171-1209.
    This article will study a class of deduction systems that allow for a limited use of the modus ponens method of deduction. We will show that it is possible to devise axiom systems α that can recognize their consistency under a deduction system D provided that: (1) α treats multiplication as a 3-way relation (rather than as a total function), and that (2) D does not allow for the use of a modus ponens methodology above essentially the levels of Π1 (...)
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  26.  78
    Dallas Willard (2011). Intentionality and the Substance of the Self. Philosophia Christi 13 (1):7-20.
    For the Society of Christian Philosophers, APA San Francisco, April 4, 2007.
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  27.  1
    Charles Arthur Willard (1990). Authority. Informal Logic 12 (1).
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  28.  1
    Dan E. Willard (2006). A Generalization of the Second Incompleteness Theorem and Some Exceptions to It. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 141 (3):472-496.
    This paper will introduce the notion of a naming convention and use this paradigm to both develop a new version of the Second Incompleteness Theorem and to describe when an axiom system can partially evade the Second Incompleteness Theorem.
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  29.  14
    Dallas Willard (2000). Knowledge and Naturalism. In William Lane Craig & James Porter Moreland (eds.), Naturalism: A Critical Analysis. Routledge. pp. 24--48.
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  30.  31
    Dallas Willard (1973). The Absurdity of Thinking in Language. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):125-132.
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  31. Maria Daniil, Paul R. Ohodnicki, Michael E. McHenry & Matthew A. Willard (2010). Shear Band Formation and Fracture Behavior of Nanocrystalline -Based Alloys. Philosophical Magazine 90 (12):1547-1565.
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  32.  87
    D. Willard (2007). Review: Theories of Judgment: Psychology, Logic, Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Mind 116 (464):1146-1151.
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  33.  8
    Alan J. Zillich, Ronald T. Ackermann, Timothy E. Stump, Roberta J. Ambuehl, Steven M. Downs, Ann M. Holmes, Barry Katz & Thomas S. Inui (2008). An Evaluation of Educational Outreach to Improve Evidence‐Based Prescribing in Medicaid: A Cautionary Tale. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):854-860.
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  34.  61
    Julian Willard (2008). Rudolf Carnap. The Philosophers' Magazine 43 (43):103-105.
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  35.  42
    Dallas Willard (1989). Space, Color, Sense Perception and the Epistemology of Logic. The Monist 72 (1):117-133.
  36.  3
    Dan E. Willard (2007). Passive Induction and a Solution to a Paris–Wilkie Open Question. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 146 (2):124-149.
    In 1981, Paris and Wilkie raised the open question about whether and to what extent the axiom system did satisfy the Second Incompleteness Theorem under Semantic Tableaux deduction. Our prior work showed that the semantic tableaux version of the Second Incompleteness Theorem did generalize for the most common definition of appearing in the standard textbooks.However, there was an alternate interesting definition of this axiom system in the Wilkie–Paris article in the Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 35 , pp. 261–302 (...)
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  37.  49
    L. Duane Willard (1980). Scarce Medical Resources and the Right to Refuse Selection by Artificial Chance. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (3):225-229.
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  38.  4
    H. Leonard, K. -R. Foley, T. Pikora, J. Bourke, K. Wong, L. McPherson, N. Lennox & J. Downs, Transition to Adulthood for Young People with Intellectual Disability: The Experiences of Their Families.
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  39.  32
    Dallas Willard (1980). Husserl on a Logic That Failed. Philosophical Review 89 (1):46-64.
  40. Dallas Willard (1995). Knowledge. In Barry Smith & David Woodruff Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl (Cambridge Companions to Philosophy).
     
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  41.  15
    Ross Willard (1994). Hereditary Undecidability of Some Theories of Finite Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (4):1254-1262.
    Using a result of Gurevich and Lewis on the word problem for finite semigroups, we give short proofs that the following theories are hereditarily undecidable: (1) finite graphs of vertex-degree at most 3; (2) finite nonvoid sets with two distinguished permutations; (3) finite-dimensional vector spaces over a finite field with two distinguished endomorphisms.
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  42.  17
    M. B. Willard (2014). Seeing Fictions in Film: The Epistemology of Movies By GEORGE M. WILSON. [REVIEW] Analysis 74 (4):743-745.
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  43.  51
    Dallas Willard (1994). Mereological Essentialism Restricted. Axiomathes 5 (1):123-144.
  44.  14
    Dallas Willard (1979). Husserl's Critique of Extensionalist Logic. Idealistic Studies 9 (2):143-164.
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  45.  39
    Dallas Willard (1997). Degradation of Logical Form. Axiomathes 8 (1):31-52.
    The title is meant to emphasize the immense loss of status I take logic to have undergone in recent decades, and to suggest something about its causes. The loss is most obvious in the context of higher education, where almost no post-secondary institutions now have effectual general requirements in standard formal logic, as that was easily understood thirty or more years ago. Courses in so-called 'critical thinking' are, with rare and noble exceptions, only a further illustration of the point, for (...)
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  46.  48
    Dallas Willard (2003). A Realist Analysis of the Relationship Between Logic and Experience. Topoi 22 (1):69-78.
    I undertake to explain how the well known laws of formal logic – Barbara Syllogism, modus ponens, etc. – relate to experience by developing Edmund Husserl's critique ofFormalism and Psychologism in logical theory and then briefly explaining his positive views of the laws of logic. His view rests upon his understanding of the proposition as a complex, intentional property. The laws of formal logic are, on his view (and mine), statements about the truth values of propositions as determined by their (...)
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  47.  31
    Dallas Willard (1974). Concerning Husserl's View of Number. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 5 (3):97-109.
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  48.  1
    Dallas Willard (1995). I. Analysis of Knowing as Central to Husserl's Work. In Barry Smith & David Woodruff Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. Cambridge University Press. pp. 138.
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  49.  3
    Charles Arthur Willard (1992). Field Theory: A Cartesian Meditation. In William L. Benoit, Dale Hample & Pamela J. Benoit (eds.), Readings in Argumentation. Foris Publications. pp. 437.
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  50.  14
    Sven Andersson, Elazar Barkan, Kenneth Caneva, Randall Collins, Stephen Downes, Henry Etzkowitz, Steve Fuller, David Gorman, Frederick Grinnell, David Hollinger, Anne Holmquest & Charles Willard (1987). Responses to 'Pathologies of Science'. Social Epistemology 1 (3):249-281.
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