Results for 'Willard Downs'

811 found
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  1.  15
    Legal Implications in Development and Use of Expert Systems in Agriculture.Willard Downs & Kelley Ann Newton - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (1):53-58.
    Applications of Artificial Intelligence, particularly Expert Systems, are rapidly increasing. This science promises to give computer-based systems the capability of reasoning and decision making in near human-like fashion. Whether used for farm management or intelligent machine control, Expert Systems will find many agricultural applications. Much of the development and distribution of such systems will probably take place in the public sector, particularly the Cooperative Extension Service. A major nontechnical factor affecting the development and extensive use of Expert Systems is the (...)
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  2. Legal Implications in Development and Use of Expert Systems in Agriculture.Willard Downs & Kelley Ann Newton - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 2 (1):53-58.
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  3. Anthony Downs♦ 21.11. 1930.Anthony Downs - 2004 - In Gisela Riescher (ed.), Politische Theorie der Gegenwart in Einzeldarstellungen. Von Adorno Bis Young. Alfred Kröner Verlag. pp. 343--119.
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  4. Argumentation and the Social Grounds of Knowledge.Charles Arthur Willard - 1982 - University Alabama Press.
    "As a distinctive philosophy, religious humanism emphasizes man's place in an unfathomed universe, reason as an instrument for discovering the truth, free inquiry as a condition for discerning meaning and purpose, and happiness as a fundamental value. "Man's uniqueness emerges partly from homo sapiens' capacity to employ symbols effectively. For this reason, Willard's provocative book is not a celebration of controversy but a sophisticated study exploring the grounds of man's knowledge. Drawing upon phenomenologists such as Alfred Schultz, psychologists such (...)
     
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  5.  20
    Earthly Visions: Theology and the Challenges of Art [Book Review].Stephen Downs - 2013 - The Australasian Catholic Record 90 (1):117.
    Downs, Stephen Review(s) of: Earthly visions: Theology and the challenges of art, by T.J. Gorringe, (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2011), pp. 254, $55.00.
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  6. Arms and the University: Military Presence and the Civic Education of Non-Military Students.Donald Alexander Downs & Ilia Murtazashvili - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Alienation between the U.S. military and society has grown in recent decades. Such alienation is unhealthy, as it threatens both sufficient civilian control of the military and the long-standing ideal of the 'citizen soldier'. Nowhere is this issue more predominant than at many major universities, which began turning their backs on the military during the chaotic years of the Vietnam War. Arms and the University probes various dimensions of this alienation, as well as recent efforts to restore a closer relationship (...)
     
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  7. Catholics and Other Faiths Since Vatican II.Stephen Downs - 2014 - Australasian Catholic Record, The 91 (1):49.
    Downs, Stephen Many Catholics know that Vatican II advocated a more positive approach to other religions and belief systems, and called for dialogue with their adherents. But has any progress been made since then? Some will have heard of dialogue between Catholics and people of other faiths taking place. But what of the Catholic understanding of other faiths; has it changed or developed since Vatican II?
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  8. Argumentation and the Social Grounds of Knowledge.Charles Arthur Willard - 2009 - University Alabama Press.
    "As a distinctive philosophy, religious humanism emphasizes man's place in an unfathomed universe, reason as an instrument for discovering the truth, free inquiry as a condition for discerning meaning and purpose, and happiness as a fundamental value. "Man's uniqueness emerges partly from homo sapiens' capacity to employ symbols effectively. For this reason, Willard's provocative book is not a celebration of controversy but a sophisticated study exploring the grounds of man's knowledge. Drawing upon phenomenologists such as Alfred Schultz, psychologists such (...)
     
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  9.  47
    Cognitive Biases Explain Religious Belief, Paranormal Belief, and Belief in Life's Purpose.Aiyana K. Willard & Ara Norenzayan - 2013 - Cognition 129 (2):379-391.
  10. Heated Debates and Cool Analysis: Thinking Well About Financial Ethics.Christopher J. Cowton & Yvonne Downs - unknown
    Not for the first time, the banks and other financial institutions have got themselves – and the rest of us – into a mess, this time on an unprecedented financial and geographical scale. It is no surprise that opinions about causes, consequences and cures abound with ethical issues, as well as technical and economic concerns, a focus of attention. It is to be hoped that useful lessons for the future will be learned. In this chapter, however, we step back from (...)
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  11. Against Simplicity.M. B. Willard - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 167 (1):165-181.
    Sometimes metaphysicians appeal to simplicity as a reason to prefer one metaphysical theory to another, especially when a philosophical dispute has otherwise reached a state of equilibrium. In this paper, I show that given a Quinean conception of metaphysics, several initially plausible justifications for simplicity as a metaphysical criterion do not succeed. If philosophers wish to preserve simplicity as a metaphysical criterion, therefore, they must radically reconceive the project of metaphysics.
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  12.  4
    The Cultural Evolution of Prosocial Religions.Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Aiyana K. Willard, Rita A. McNamara, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-86.
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  13. Injectives in Finitely Generated Universal Horn Classes.Michael H. Albert & Ross Willard - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (3):786-792.
    Let K be a finite set of finite structures. We give a syntactic characterization of the property: every element of K is injective in ISP(K). We use this result to establish that A is injective in ISP(A) for every two-element algebra A.
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  14. How Concepts Relate the Mind to Its Objects.Dallas Willard - 1999 - Philosophia Christi 2 (2):5-20.
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  15.  3
    Use of Focus Groups in Business Ethics Research: Potential, Problems and Paths to Progress.Christopher J. Cowton & Yvonne Downs - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24:S54-S66.
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  16. Game Called on Account of Fog: Metametaphysics and Epistemic Dismissivism.M. B. Willard - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 164 (1):1-14.
    Is arguing over ontology a mistake? A recent proposal by Karen Bennett suggests that some metaphysical disputes, such as those over constitution and composition, can be dismissed on epistemic grounds. Given that both sides in a dispute try to minimize the differences between them, there are no good metaphysical grounds for choosing between them. In this paper, I expand on her epistemic dismissivism, arguing that given the Quinean conception of the task and method of metaphysics, we are warranted in believing (...)
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  17.  43
    Logic and the Objectivity of Knowledge: A Study of Husserl's Early Philosophy.Dallas Willard - 1984 - Philosophical Review 95 (4):611-614.
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  18.  17
    Self-Verifying Axiom Systems, the Incompleteness Theorem and Related Reflection Principles.Dan E. Willard - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (2):536-596.
    We will study several weak axiom systems that use the Subtraction and Division primitives (rather than Addition and Multiplication) to formally encode the theorems of Arithmetic. Provided such axiom systems do not recognize Multiplication as a total function, we will show that it is feasible for them to verify their Semantic Tableaux, Herbrand, and Cut-Free consistencies. If our axiom systems additionally do not recognize Addition as a total function, they will be capable of recognizing the consistency of their Hilbert-style deductive (...)
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  19.  98
    Book Review: 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians. [REVIEW]David J. Downs - forthcoming - Interpretation 62 (3):342-342.
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  20.  8
    How to Extend the Semantic Tableaux and Cut-Free Versions of the Second Incompleteness Theorem Almost to Robinson's Arithmetic Q.Dan E. Willard - 2002 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (1):465-496.
    Let us recall that Raphael Robinson's Arithmetic Q is an axiom system that differs from Peano Arithmetic essentially by containing no Induction axioms [13], [18]. We will generalize the semantic-tableaux version of the Second Incompleteness Theorem almost to the level of System Q. We will prove that there exists a single rather long Π 1 sentence, valid in the standard model of the Natural Numbers and denoted as V, such that if α is any finite consistent extension of Q + (...)
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  21.  13
    An Exploration of the Partial Respects in Which an Axiom System Recognizing Solely Addition as a Total Function Can Verify its Own Consistency.Dan E. Willard - 2005 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (4):1171-1209.
    This article will study a class of deduction systems that allow for a limited use of the modus ponens method of deduction. We will show that it is possible to devise axiom systems α that can recognize their consistency under a deduction system D provided that: (1) α treats multiplication as a 3-way relation (rather than as a total function), and that (2) D does not allow for the use of a modus ponens methodology above essentially the levels of Π1 (...)
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  22. Expressions and Assertions.Dallas Willard - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (8):238-247.
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  23.  13
    A Finite Basis Theorem for Residually Finite, Congruence Meet-Semidistributive Varieties.Ross Willard - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (1):187-200.
    We derive a Mal'cev condition for congruence meet-semidistributivity and then use it to prove two theorems. Theorem A: if a variety in a finite language is congruence meet-semidistributive and residually less than some finite cardinal, then it is finitely based. Theorem B: there is an algorithm which, given $m and a finite algebra in a finite language, determines whether the variety generated by the algebra is congruence meet-semidistributive and residually less than m.
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  24.  16
    Vandals or Visionaries? The Ethical Criticism of Street Art.Mary Beth Willard - 2016 - Essays in Philosophy 17 (1):95-124.
    To the person unfamiliar with the wide variety of street art, the term “street artist” conjures a young man furtively sneaking around a decaying city block at night, spray paint in hand, defacing concrete structures, ears pricked for police sirens. The possibility of the ethical criticism of street art on such a conception seems hardly worth the time. This has to be an easy question. Street art is vandalism; vandalism is causing the intentional damage or destruction of someone else’s property; (...)
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  25.  82
    Intentionality and the Substance of the Self.Dallas Willard - 2011 - Philosophia Christi 13 (1):7-20.
    For the Society of Christian Philosophers, APA San Francisco, April 4, 2007.
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  26.  1
    Authority.Charles Arthur Willard - 1990 - Informal Logic 12 (1).
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  27.  1
    A Generalization of the Second Incompleteness Theorem and Some Exceptions to It.Dan E. Willard - 2006 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 141 (3):472-496.
    This paper will introduce the notion of a naming convention and use this paradigm to both develop a new version of the Second Incompleteness Theorem and to describe when an axiom system can partially evade the Second Incompleteness Theorem.
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  28.  15
    Knowledge and Naturalism.Dallas Willard - 2000 - In William Lane Craig & James Porter Moreland (eds.), Naturalism: A Critical Analysis. Routledge. pp. 24--48.
  29.  32
    The Absurdity of Thinking in Language.Dallas Willard - 1973 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):125-132.
  30.  87
    Review: Theories of Judgment: Psychology, Logic, Phenomenology. [REVIEW]D. Willard - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):1146-1151.
  31. Shear Band Formation and Fracture Behavior of Nanocrystalline -Based Alloys.Maria Daniil, Paul R. Ohodnicki, Michael E. McHenry & Matthew A. Willard - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (12):1547-1565.
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  32.  8
    An Evaluation of Educational Outreach to Improve Evidence‐Based Prescribing in Medicaid: A Cautionary Tale.Alan J. Zillich, Ronald T. Ackermann, Timothy E. Stump, Roberta J. Ambuehl, Steven M. Downs, Ann M. Holmes, Barry Katz & Thomas S. Inui - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):854-860.
  33.  61
    Rudolf Carnap.Julian Willard - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 43 (43):103-105.
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  34.  42
    Space, Color, Sense Perception and the Epistemology of Logic.Dallas Willard - 1989 - The Monist 72 (1):117-133.
  35.  32
    Husserl on a Logic That Failed.Dallas Willard - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (1):46-64.
  36.  3
    Passive Induction and a Solution to a Paris–Wilkie Open Question.Dan E. Willard - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 146 (2):124-149.
    In 1981, Paris and Wilkie raised the open question about whether and to what extent the axiom system did satisfy the Second Incompleteness Theorem under Semantic Tableaux deduction. Our prior work showed that the semantic tableaux version of the Second Incompleteness Theorem did generalize for the most common definition of appearing in the standard textbooks.However, there was an alternate interesting definition of this axiom system in the Wilkie–Paris article in the Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 35 , pp. 261–302 (...)
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  37.  49
    Scarce Medical Resources and the Right to Refuse Selection by Artificial Chance.L. Duane Willard - 1980 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (3):225-229.
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  38. Knowledge.Dallas Willard - 1995 - In Barry Smith & David Woodruff Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl (Cambridge Companions to Philosophy).
     
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  39.  52
    Mereological Essentialism Restricted.Dallas Willard - 1994 - Axiomathes 5 (1):123-144.
  40.  4
    Transition to Adulthood for Young People with Intellectual Disability: The Experiences of Their Families.H. Leonard, K. -R. Foley, T. Pikora, J. Bourke, K. Wong, L. McPherson, N. Lennox & J. Downs - unknown
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  41.  15
    Hereditary Undecidability of Some Theories of Finite Structures.Ross Willard - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (4):1254-1262.
    Using a result of Gurevich and Lewis on the word problem for finite semigroups, we give short proofs that the following theories are hereditarily undecidable: (1) finite graphs of vertex-degree at most 3; (2) finite nonvoid sets with two distinguished permutations; (3) finite-dimensional vector spaces over a finite field with two distinguished endomorphisms.
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  42.  17
    Seeing Fictions in Film: The Epistemology of Movies By GEORGE M. WILSON. [REVIEW]M. B. Willard - 2014 - Analysis 74 (4):743-745.
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  43.  39
    Degradation of Logical Form.Dallas Willard - 1997 - Axiomathes 8 (1):31-52.
    The title is meant to emphasize the immense loss of status I take logic to have undergone in recent decades, and to suggest something about its causes. The loss is most obvious in the context of higher education, where almost no post-secondary institutions now have effectual general requirements in standard formal logic, as that was easily understood thirty or more years ago. Courses in so-called 'critical thinking' are, with rare and noble exceptions, only a further illustration of the point, for (...)
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  44.  14
    Husserl's Critique of Extensionalist Logic.Dallas Willard - 1979 - Idealistic Studies 9 (2):143-164.
  45.  1
    Realism Sustained? Interpreting Husserl’s Progression Into Idealism.Dallas Willard - 2012 - Quaestiones Disputatae 3 (1):20-32.
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  46.  48
    A Realist Analysis of the Relationship Between Logic and Experience.Dallas Willard - 2003 - Topoi 22 (1):69-78.
    I undertake to explain how the well known laws of formal logic – Barbara Syllogism, modus ponens, etc. – relate to experience by developing Edmund Husserl's critique ofFormalism and Psychologism in logical theory and then briefly explaining his positive views of the laws of logic. His view rests upon his understanding of the proposition as a complex, intentional property. The laws of formal logic are, on his view (and mine), statements about the truth values of propositions as determined by their (...)
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  47.  17
    Responses to 'Pathologies of Science'.Sven Andersson, Elazar Barkan, Kenneth Caneva, Randall Collins, Stephen Downes, Henry Etzkowitz, Steve Fuller, David Gorman, Frederick Grinnell, David Hollinger, Anne Holmquest & Charles Willard - 1987 - Social Epistemology 1 (3):249-281.
  48.  32
    Concerning Husserl's View of Number.Dallas Willard - 1974 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 5 (3):97-109.
  49.  41
    Alston's Epistemology of Religious Belief and the Problem of Religious Diversity.Julian Willard - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (1):59-74.
    In this paper I examine William Alston's work on the epistemology of religious belief, focusing on the threat to the epistemic status of Christian belief presented by awareness of religious diversity. I argue that Alston appears to misunderstand the epistemic significance of the ‘practical rationality’ of the Christian mystical practice. I suggest that this error is due to a more fundamental misunderstanding, regarding the significance of practical rationality, in Alston's ‘doxastic practice’ approach to epistemology ; an error that leads to (...)
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  50.  6
    Commentary.Alan Downs - 1997 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 11 (5):5-5.
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