Du point de vue logique est le premier ouvrage philosophique de Quine et peut-être son plus important. Il rassemble des articles fondamentaux, en philosophie de la logique épistémologie, ontologie et philosophie du langage. Le lecteur pourra y découvrir l’ensemble des enjeux philosophiques de l’œuvre de Quine. Le livre contient notamment « Sur ce qu’il y a », texte-clé de la réflexion ontologique contemporaine « Deux dogmes de l’empirisme », qui a suscité un grand nombre de discussions en philosophie (...) analytique, ainsi que les premières formulations de la thèse d’indétermination de la traduction et du naturalisme de Quine. Du point de vue logique montre et met en œuvre, de façon inégalée, l’articulation du logique et du philosophique, et le passage des problématiques de l’empirisme logique à celles du naturalisme et du réalisme que l’on retrouvera dans La poursuite de la vérité. (shrink)
"Some Pow'r did us the giftie grant/ To see oursels as others can't." With that play on Burns' famous line as a preface, Willard Van OrmanQuine sets out to spin the yarn of his life so far. And it is a gift indeed to see one of the world's most famous philosophers as no one else has seen him before. To catch an intimate glimpse of his seminal and controversial theories of philosophy, logic, and language as (...) they evolved, and to hear his warm and often amusing comments on famous contemporary philosophers.From his beginnings in Akron, Ohio in the early 1900s, Quine takes us on a tour of over 100 countries over three-quarters of a century, including close observations of the Depression and two world wars. Far from a philosophical tract, it is an ebullient, folksy account of a richly varied and rounded life. When he does dip into philosophy, it is generally of the armchair sort, and laced with a gentle good humor: "There is that which one wants to do for the glory of having done it, and there is that which one wants to do for the joy of doing it. One can want to be a scientist because he wants to see himself as a Darwin or an Einstein, and one can want to be a scientist because he is curious about what makes things tick.... In normal cases the two kinds of motivation are in time brought to terms.... In me the glory motive lingered......In this book, Quine approaches the details of his life the way he has always approached them with a sharp sense of interest, adventure and fun. And he has a skill for picking a word that is just off-center enough to pull an ordinary event out of the humdrum of daily life and evoke its personal meaning. The result is a book of memories that is utterly mesmerizing.Willard Van OrmanQuine is the author of numerous books, including Word and Object, published by The MIT Press in 1960.A Bradford Book. (shrink)
Willard van OrmanQuine est considéré comme l’un des plus éminents représentants de la philosophie analytique, notamment pour son approche holiste des théories scientifiques, pour sa thèse de la naturalisation de l’épistémologie, pour ses réflexions sur l’indétermination de la traduction ou encore pour sa critique des « dogmes » de l’empirisme.Dans Les voies du paradoxe , Quine choisit de regrouper des articles rédigés sur une période de quatre décennies . En alternant des contributions majeures et justement (...) célèbres avec de brefs articles de nature biographique ou pédagogique, le philosophe de Harvard brosse un tableau complet des thèmes qui ont traversé toute son œuvre : nature et limite de la connaissance, théorie de la signification, critique du conventionnalisme, résolution des paradoxes logiques et sémantiques, détermination de l’engagement ontologique des théories, analyse des problèmes logiques soulevés par les modalités et les attitudes propositionnelles, etc. Au même titre que Du point de vue logique et Relativité de l’ontologie, Les voies du paradoxe est ainsi l’un des plus importants recueils d’articles de Quine. (shrink)
Ontological. Relativity. and. Other. Essays. W. V. QUINE This volume consists of the first of the John Dewey Lectures delivered under the auspices of Columbia University's Philosophy Department as well as other essays by the author.
In retrospecting "Two Dogmas" I find myself overshooting by twenty years. I think back to college days, 61 years agao. I majored in mathematics and was doing my honors reading in mathematical logic, a subject that had not yet penetrated the Oberlin curriculum. My new love, in the platonic sense, was Whitehead and Russell's Principia Mathematica.
W. V. Quine was one of the most influential figures of twentieth-century American analytic philosophy. Although he wrote predominantly in English, in Brazil in 1942 he gave a series of lectures on logic and its philosophy in Portuguese, subsequently published as the book O Sentido da Nova Lógica. The book has never before been fully translated into English, and this volume is the first to make its content accessible to Anglophone philosophers. Quine would go on to develop revolutionary (...) ideas about semantic holism and ontology, and this book provides a snapshot of his views on logic and language at a pivotal stage of his intellectual development. The volume also includes an essay on logic which Quine also published in Portuguese, together with an extensive historical-philosophical essay by Frederique Janssen-Lauret. The valuable and previously neglected works first translated in this volume will be essential for scholars of twentieth-century philosophy. (shrink)
As analytic philosophy is becoming increasingly aware of and interested in its own history, the study of that field is broadening to include, not just its earliest beginnings, but also the mid-twentieth century. One of the towering figures of this epoch is W.V. Quine (1908-2000), champion of naturalism in philosophy of science, pioneer of mathematical logic, trying to unite an austerely physicalist theory of the world with the truths of mathematics, psychology, and linguistics. Quine's posthumous papers, notes, and (...) drafts revealing the development of his views in the forties have recently begun to be published, as well as careful philosophical studies of, for instance, the evolution of his key doctrine that mathematical and logical truth are continuous with, not divorced from, the truths of natural science. But one central text has remained unexplored: Quine's Portuguese-language book on logic, his 'farewell for now' to the discipline as he embarked on an assignment in the Navy in WWII. Anglophone philosophers have neglected this book because they could not read it. Jointly with colleagues, I have completed the first full English translation of this book. In this accompanying paper I draw out the main philosophical contributions Quine made in the book, placing them in their historical context and relating them to Quine's overall philosophical development during the period. Besides significant developments in the evolution of Quine's views on meaning and analyticity, I argue, this book is also driven by Quine's indebtedness to Russell and Whitehead, Tarski, and Frege, and contains crucial developments in his thinking on philosophy of logic and ontology. This includes early versions of some arguments from 'On What There Is', four-dimensionalism, and virtual set theory. (shrink)
In this review, I will discuss the historical importance of “The Significance of the New Logic” by Quine. This is a translation of the original “O Sentido da Nova Lógica” in Portuguese by Carnielli, Janssen-Lauret, and Pickering. The American philosopher wrote this book in the beginning of the 1940s, before a major shift in his philosophy. Thus, I will argue that the reader must see this book as an introduction to an important period in his thinking. I will provide (...) a brief summary of the chapters, remarking on valuable features in each of them and positions Quine abandoned in his later work. (shrink)
Modern empiricism has been conditioned in large part by two dogmas. One is a belief in some fundamental cleavage between truths which are analytic, or grounded in meanings independently of matters of fact, and truth which are synthetic, or grounded in fact. The other dogma is reductionism: the belief that each meaningful statement is equivalent to some logical construct upon terms which refer to immediate experience. Both dogmas, I shall argue, are ill founded. One effect of abandoning them is, as (...) we shall see, a blurring of the supposed boundary between speculative metaphysics and natural science. Another effect is a shift toward pragmatism. (shrink)