13 found
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  1. The Classical Model of Science: A Millennia-Old Model of Scientific Rationality.Willem R. de Jong & Arianna Betti - 2010 - Synthese 174 (2):185-203.
    Throughout more than two millennia philosophers adhered massively to ideal standards of scientific rationality going back ultimately to Aristotle’s Analytica posteriora . These standards got progressively shaped by and adapted to new scientific needs and tendencies. Nevertheless, a core of conditions capturing the fundamentals of what a proper science should look like remained remarkably constant all along. Call this cluster of conditions the Classical Model of Science . In this paper we will do two things. First of all, we will (...)
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  2. The Analytic-Synthetic Distinction and the Classical Model of Science: Kant, Bolzano and Frege.Willem R. de Jong - 2010 - Synthese 174 (2):237-261.
    This paper concentrates on some aspects of the history of the analytic-synthetic distinction from Kant to Bolzano and Frege. This history evinces considerable continuity but also some important discontinuities. The analytic-synthetic distinction has to be seen in the first place in relation to a science, i.e. an ordered system of cognition. Looking especially to the place and role of logic it will be argued that Kant, Bolzano and Frege each developed the analytic-synthetic distinction within the same conception of scientific rationality, (...)
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  3.  78
    Kant's Analytic Judgments and the Traditional Theory of Concepts.Willem R. de Jong - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (4):613-641.
  4.  79
    Bernard Bolzano, Analyticity and the Aristotelian Model of Science.Willem R. de Jong - 2001 - Kant-Studien 92 (3):328-349.
    Quine's well-known ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’ (1951) plays a key role in the debate about the analytic-synthetic distinction. Taking to task the ideas of Carnap in particular, Quine shows that logical positivism works with a concept of scientific rationality that is based dogmatically on, among other things, the opposition analytic-synthetic.
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  5.  41
    How Is Metaphysics as a Science Possible?Willem R. de Jong - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (2):235-274.
    Where the possibility of metaphysics as a science is concerned, Kant assigns the exact sciences the function of an exemplar; for these disciplines have long been well established on "the secure path of a science." Accordingly, in the Prolegomena Kant explicitly addresses the question "How is metaphysics possible as a science?" by way of the questions "How is pure mathematics possible?" and "How is pure natural science possible?" Moreover, all these questions arise directly out of the main transcendental question: "How (...)
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  6.  27
    Gottlob Frege and the Analytic-Synthetic Distinction Within the Framework of the Aristotelian Model of Science.Willem R. de Jong - 1996 - Kant-Studien 87 (3):290-324.
  7.  30
    How Is Metaphysics as a Science Possible?: Kant on the Distinction Between Philosophical and Mathematical Method.Willem R. de Jong - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (2):235-274.
    Where the possibility of metaphysics as a science is concerned, Kant assigns the exact sciences the function of an exemplar; for these disciplines have long been well established on "the secure path of a science." Accordingly, in the Prolegomena Kant explicitly addresses the question "How is metaphysics possible as a science?" by way of the questions "How is pure mathematics possible?" and "How is pure natural science possible?" Moreover, all these questions arise directly out of the main transcendental question: "How (...)
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  8. Introduction.Arianna Betti & Willem R. de Jong - 2010 - Synthese 174 (2):181-183.
  9.  74
    Hobbes's Logic: Language and Scientific Method.Willem R. de Jong - 1986 - History and Philosophy of Logic 7 (2):123-142.
    This paper analyses the relationship between Hobbes's theory of language and his theory of science and method. It is shown that Hobbes, at least in his Computatio sive Logica (1655), deviates in some measure from the traditional (Aristotelian) model of language. In this model speech is considered to be a fairly unproblematic expression of thought, which itself is independent of language. Basing himself on a nominalist account of universals, Hobbes states that the demonstration or assertion of universal propositions presupposes speech (...)
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  10.  91
    Kant's Theory of Geometrical Reasoning and the Analytic-Synthetic Distinction. On Hintikka's Interpretation of Kant's Philosophy of Mathematics.Willem R. de Jong - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (1):141-166.
    Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic method is connected to the so-called Aristotelian model of science and has to be interpreted in a (broad) directional sense. With the distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments the critical Kant did introduced a new way of using the terms 'analytic'-'synthetic', but one that still lies in line with their directional sense. A careful comparison of the conceptions of the critical Kant with ideas of the precritical Kant as expressed in _Ãœber die Deutlichkeit, leads (...)
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  11. The Axiomatic Method, the Order of Concepts and the Hierarchy of Sciences: An Introduction.Arianna Betti, Willem R. de Jong & Marije Martijn - 2011 - Synthese 183 (1):1-5.
  12.  13
    Een geschiedenis van het mid-denken.Willem R. de Jong - 1996 - Philosophia Reformata 61 (1):30-43.
    Een poging om de geschiedenis van een denkwijze door de eeuwen heen, in dit geval die van het schema van “het midden- en middellijkheidsdenken” , resp. het “denken in termen van ‘midden’ en ‘bemiddeling’” , kritisch in kaart te brengen valt op het eerste gezicht onder het genre Ideengeschichte of history of ideas. Zeker wanneer men ideeëngeschiedenis enerzijds enger, maar anderzijds daarbinnen weer breder opvat dan de invulling die Arthur Lovejoy daaraan gaf in zijn bekende The Great Chain of Being (...)
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  13. Formele logika. Een inleiding.Willem R. de Jong - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (4):738-739.
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