Results for 'Willi Hennig'

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  1.  23
    Phylogenetic Systematics. Willi Hennig, D. Dwight Davis, Rainer Zangerl.Norman I. Platnick & Gareth Nelson - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (3):499-502.
  2.  51
    Phylogenetic Systematics.Willi Hennig - 1966 - University of Illinois Press.
    Argues for the primacy of the phylogenetic system as the general reference system in biology. This book, first published in 1966, generated significant controversy and opened possibilities for evolutionary biology.
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  3. Phylogenetic Systematics.Willi Hennig, D. Dwight Davis & Rainer Zangerl - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (3):499-502.
     
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  4. Nicolai Hartmann and the Metaphysical Foundation of Phylogenetic Systematics.Frederic Tremblay - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (1):56-68.
    When developing phylogenetic systematics, the entomologist Willi Hennig adopted elements from Nicolai Hartmann’s ontology. In this historical essay I take on the task of documenting this adoption. I argue that in order to build a metaphysical foundation for phylogenetic systematics, Hennig adopted from Hartmann four main metaphysical theses. These are (1) that what is real is what is temporal; (2) that the criterion of individuality is to have duration; (3) that species are supra-individuals; and (4) that there (...)
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  5.  36
    Adolf Naef (1883–1949): On Foundational Concepts and Principles of Systematic Morphology. [REVIEW]Olivier Rieppel, David M. Williams & Malte C. Ebach - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (3):445-510.
    During the early twentieth century, the Swiss Zoologist Adolf Naef (1883–1949) established himself as a leader in German comparative anatomy and higher level systematics. He is generally labeled an ‘idealistic morphologist’, although he himself called his research program ‘systematic morphology’. The idealistic morphology that flourished in German biology during the first half of the twentieth century was a rather heterogeneous movement, within which Adolf Naef worked out a special theoretical system of his own. Following a biographical sketch, we present an (...)
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  6.  56
    Confusion in Cladism.Patricia A. Williams - 1992 - Synthese 91 (1-2):135 - 152.
    In Phylogenetic Systematics (1966), Willi Hennig conflates the Linnaean hierarchy with what Hennig refers to as the divisional hierarchy. In doing so, he lays the foundations of that school of biological taxonomy known as cladism on a philosophically ambiguous basis. This paper compares and contrasts the two hierarchies and demonstrates that Hennig conflates them. It shows that Hennig's followers also conflate them. Finally, it illuminates five persistent problems in cladism by suggesting that they arise from (...)
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  7.  45
    Biological Individuals and Natural Kinds.Olivier Rieppel - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (2):162-169.
    This paper takes a hierarchical approach to the question whether species are individuals or natural kinds. The thesis defended here is that species are spatiotemporally located complex wholes (individuals), that are composed of (i.e., include) causally interdependent parts, which collectively also instantiate a homeostatic property cluster (HPC) natural kind. Species may form open or closed genetic systems that are dynamic in nature, that have fuzzy boundaries due to the processual nature of speciation, that may have leaky boundaries as is manifest (...)
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  8. Are Human Races Cladistic Subspecies?Zinhle Mncube - 2015 - South African Journal of Philosophy 34 (2):163-174.
    In the article titled ‘A new perspective on the race debate’,Robin O. Andreasen argues that contrary to popular scientific belief, human races are biologically real—it is just that we are wrong about them. Andreasen calls her contemporary biological concept of race ‘the cladistic race concept’ (or CRC). Her theory uses theory from cladistics—a systematic school founded by entomologist Willi Hennig in 1950—to define human races genealogically as cladistic subspecies. In this paper I will argue that despite its promise (...)
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  9.  13
    Species Are Individuals—the German Tradition.Olivier Rieppel - 2011 - Cladistics 27 (6):629-645.
    The German tradition of considering species, and higher taxonomic entities, as individuals begins with the temporalization of natural history, thus pre-dating Darwin’s ‘Origin’ of 1859. In the tradition of German Naturphilosophie as developed by Friedrich Schelling, species came to be seen as parts of a complex whole that encompasses all (living) nature. Species were comprehended as dynamic entities that earn individuality by virtue of their irreversible passage through time. Species individuality was conceived in terms of species taxa forming a spatiotemporally (...)
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  10. Mystery of Mysteries: Darwin and the Species Problem.Marc Ereshefsky - unknown
    Darwin offered an intriguing answer to the species problem. He doubted the existence of the species category as a real category in nature, but he did not doubt the existence of those taxa called ‘‘species’’. And despite his scepticism of the species category, Darwin continued using the word ‘‘species’’. Many have said that Darwin did not understand the nature of species. Yet his answer to the species problem is both theoretically sound and practical. On the theoretical side, DarwinÕs answer is (...)
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  11.  6
    Morphology and Phylogeny.Olivier Rieppel - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (2):217-230.
    The concept that renders morphology a tool for phylogeny reconstruction is homology. The concept of homology is rooted in pre-evolutionary idealistic morphology. The claim that the goal of idealistic morphology was the seriability of form may sound paradoxical given that this discipline proceeded within a framework of strictly delimited types. But the types only demarcate where seriability starts and where it comes to an end. Carl Gegenbaur’s was recognized as a milestone in idealistic morphology. A comparison with the second edition (...)
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  12.  66
    La proliferación de los conceptos de especie en la biología evolucionista.Roberto Torretti - 2010 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 25 (3):325-377.
    RESUMEN: La biología evolucionista no ha logrado definir un concepto de especie que satisfaga a todos sus colaboradores. El presente panorama crítico de las principales propuestas y sus respectivas dificultades apunta, por un lado, a ilustrar los procesos de formación de conceptos en las ciencias empíricas y, por otro, a socavar la visión parateológica del conocimiento y la verdad que inspiró inicialmente a la ciencia moderna y prevalece aún entre muchas personas educadas. El artículo se divide en dos partes. La (...)
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  13.  17
    Moog, Willy, Logik, Psychologie und Psychologismus.Willy Moog - 1920 - Kant-Studien 25 (1).
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  14.  6
    Flemming, Willi, Dr., die Begründung der modernen Ästhetik und Kunstwissenschaft durch Leon Battista Alberti.Willi Flemming - 1917 - Kant-Studien 21 (1-3).
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  15.  3
    An Interview with Paul Willis: Commodification, Resistance and Reproduction.Paul Willis, Marco Santoro & Roberta Sassatelli - 2009 - European Journal of Social Theory 12 (2):265-289.
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  16.  17
    Interview: Willis Hannan.Willis Harman & Marjorie Kelly - 1992 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 6 (2):28-30.
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  17.  4
    Moog, Willy, Das Verhältnis der Philosophie zu den Einzelwissenschaften.Willy Moog - 1920 - Kant-Studien 25 (1).
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  18.  6
    Splettstösser, Willi, Dr., Oberlehrer, Dozent a. d. Humboldt-Akademie zu Berlin. Der Grundgedanke in Goethes Faust.Willi Splettstösser - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  19.  5
    Applying Laozi’s Dao De Jing in Business.Alicia Hennig - 2017 - Philosophy of Management 16 (1):19-33.
    China is a country with a long-standing and rich history. This rich history is also expressed in its cultural, religious and philosophical diversity. One of China’s most prominent and influential philosophical strands is Daoism, which is still practiced today despite the political turmoil of the 20th century. It came into existence at roughly the same time as Confucianism. This paper focuses on a particular work of the Daoist canon, which at the same time is one of its most prominent ones: (...)
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  20.  97
    Mathematical Models and Reality: A Constructivist Perspective. [REVIEW]Christian Hennig - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (1):29-48.
    To explore the relation between mathematical models and reality, four different domains of reality are distinguished: observer-independent reality, personal reality, social reality and mathematical/formal reality. The concepts of personal and social reality are strongly inspired by constructivist ideas. Mathematical reality is social as well, but constructed as an autonomous system in order to make absolute agreement possible. The essential problem of mathematical modelling is that within mathematics there is agreement about ‘truth’, but the assignment of mathematics to informal reality is (...)
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  21. Die Antworten der Philosophie Heute. Hrsg. Von Willy Hochkeppel. Mit Beiträgen von Wilhelm Essler [U.A.].Willy Hochkeppel & Wilhelm Karl Essler - 1967 - Szczesny.
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  22.  7
    La Notation musicale et son influence sur la pratique de la pratique de la musique du moyen-'ge à nos jours. Willy Tapolet.Willi Apel - 1949 - Speculum 24 (2):302-302.
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  23.  11
    Constituent Functions Boris Hennig.Boris Hennig - 2013 - In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 5--259.
    Starting from the idea that functions are formally similar to actions in that they are described and explained in a similar way, so that both admit of an accordion effect, I turn to Anscombe’s insight that the point of practical reasoning is to render explicit the relation between the different descriptions of an action generated by the accordion effect. The upshot is, roughly, that an item has a function if what it does can be accounted for by functional reasoning. Put (...)
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  24.  6
    Knowledge and Development: Volume 1 Advances in Research and Theory.Willis F. Overton & Jeanette McCarthy Gallagher (eds.) - 1977 - Plenum Press.
    From an informal group of a dozen faculty and graduate students at Temple University, the Jean Piaget Society grew in seven years to 500 members who have interests in the application of genetic epistemology to their own disciplines and professions. At the outset Piaget endorsed the concept of a society which bore his name and presented a major address on equilibration at the society's first symposium in May, 1971. Had he not done so the society would no doubt have remained (...)
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  25.  2
    Hellenic History. By George Willis Botsford: Revised and Rewritten by Charles Alexander RobinsonJr., Pp. Xiv + 398. New York: Macmillan, 1939. [REVIEW]V. Ehrenberg, George Willis Botsford & Charles Alexander Robinson - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (2):296-297.
  26.  8
    The Divine States (Brahmaviharas) in Managerial Ethical Decision-Making in Organisations in Sri Lanka: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.Thushini S. Jayawardena-Willis, Edwina Pio & Peter McGhee - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 168 (1):151-171.
    Ethical decision-making theories in behavioural ethics management have been developed through the social sciences, psychology, social psychology, and cognitive neurosciences. These theories are either cognitive, non-cognitive or an integration of both. Other scholars have recommended redefining what ethical means through moral philosophy and theology. Buddhism is a religion, a philosophy, a psychology, an ethical system and an art of living. The divine states in Buddhism are virtues that could be developed by anyone regardless of their religion or non-religion through Buddhist (...)
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  27.  24
    Tugenden Und Absichten.Boris Hennig - 2008 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 115 (1):165-182.
    Psychological experiments show that human behavior is often determined by features of the situation rather than general and persistent character traits of the agent. Therefore, it may seem naive to suppose that someone with a virtuous character will in general act virtuously. This is at least true if a character trait is taken to be a persistent characteristic or property that reliably causes certain behavior. On the basis of the conception of agency developed by Anscombe in Intention, I will argue (...)
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  28.  24
    Motivation as Ethical Self-Formation.Matthew Clarke & Barbara Hennig - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (1):77-90.
    Motivation is a concept more frequently found in venues concerned with educational psychology than in ones concerned with educational philosophy. Under the influence of psychology, and its typically dualistic way of making sense of the world, motivation in education has tended to be viewed in dichotomous terms, for example, as intrinsic or extrinsic in character. Such psychology-derived theories of educational motivation operate within a dichotomous ontology, traceable to structuralist notions of agency versus (rather than within) structure, while exemplifying the tendency (...)
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  29. Entretiens Sur la Métaphysique = Dialogues on Metaphysics /Nicolas Malebranche ; Translation and Introduction by Willis Doney. --. --.Nicolas Malebranche & Willis Doney - 1980 - Abaris Books, 1980.
     
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  30.  24
    Words and Things: A Critical Account of Linguistic Philosophy and a Study in Ideology.Willis Doney - 1959 - Philosophical Review 71 (2):252-257.
  31.  37
    The Ethics of Downsizing: Perceptions of Rights and Responsibilities.Willie E. Hopkins & Shirley A. Hopkins - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 18 (2):145-155.
    Within the context of employee rights and management social responsibility, this paper identifies and explores three ethical dimensions of downsizing. Using ANOVA and Scheffe post-hoc statistical techniques, groups involved in the downsizing decision making process were compared with groups affected by the process on each ethical dimension. Results indicated that those affected by the process attached greater ethical significance to these dimensions than those who were involved in formulating and implementing/communicating downsizing decisions.
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  32. After Lynn White: Religious Ethics and Environmental Problems.Willis Jenkins - 2009 - Journal of Religious Ethics 37 (2):283-309.
    The fields of environmental ethics and of religion and ecology have been shaped by Lynn White Jr.'s thesis that the roots of ecological crisis lie in religious cosmology. Independent critical movements in both fields, however, now question this methodological legacy and argue for alternative ways of inquiry. For religious ethics, the twin controversies cast doubt on prevailing ways of connecting environmental problems to religious deliberations because the criticisms raise questions about what counts as an environmental problem, how religious traditions change, (...)
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  33.  76
    The Turn to Virtue in Climate Ethics.Willis Jenkins - 2016 - Environmental Ethics 38 (1):77-96.
    Ethicists regularly turn to virtue in order to negotiate features of climate change that seem to overwhelm moral agency. Appeals to virtue in climate ethics differ by how they connect individual flourishing with collective responsibilities and by how they interpret Anthropocene relations. Differences between accounts of climate virtue help critique proposals to reframe global ecological problems in terms of resilience and planetary stewardship, the intelligibility of which depends on connecting what would be good for the species with what would be (...)
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  34.  45
    Deborah G. Mayo & Aris Spanos, Eds. 2009. Error and Inference (Christian Hennig).Christian Hennig - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):245-247.
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  35.  52
    Parenting Style and the Development of Moral Reasoning.Lawrence J. Walker & Karl H. Hennig - 1999 - Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):359-374.
    This paper addresses the polarisation among theoretical perspectives in moral psychology regarding the relative significance of parents and peers in children's moral development and, in particular, the short shrift given the family context by cognitive-developmental theory. We contend that parents do play a significant role in this area of their children's development. Research findings from two studies are presented which indicate that parents' interaction styles, ego functioning and level of moral reasoning used in discussion are predictive of children's subsequent moral (...)
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  36.  15
    The Problem of Knowledge.Willis Doney - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (1):108.
  37.  2
    Postmodernism and History.Willie Thompson - 2004 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Willie Thompson offers a clear, jargon-free introduction to postmodernist theory and its significant impact on the study of history. This is a hotly-debated topic, and much of the literature is both polemical and inaccessible to the novice. Thompson, however, presents key ideas in a straightforward way, making these debates relevant to students' own work.
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  38.  41
    The Cartesian Circle.Willis Doney - 1955 - Journal of the History of Ideas 16 (1/4):324.
  39.  11
    A Hundred Years of Philosophy.Willis Doney & John Passmore - 1959 - Philosophical Review 68 (2):258.
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  40.  7
    Source Book of Gestalt Psychology.Willis D. Ellis (ed.) - 1938 - Harcourt, Brace and Co.
    "First Published in 1999, Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.".
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  41.  13
    Managing New Salespeople’s Ethical Behaviors During Repetitive Failures: When Trying to Help Actually Hurts.Willy Bolander, William J. Zahn, Terry W. Loe & Melissa Clark - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (3):519-532.
    Despite acknowledgment that performance failure among new salespeople is a prevalent issue for organizations, researchers do not fully understand the consequences of repetitive periods of failure on new salespeople’s unethical selling behaviors. Further, little is known about how a sales force’s reward structure and managerial attempts to intervene following failure affect new salespeople’s behavior. Combining an experiment with longitudinal growth models, we show that repetitive periods of failure increase unethical behaviors, and interventions intended to remind the salesperson to behave in (...)
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  42.  5
    Words and Pictures in an STM Task.Willi Ternes & John C. Yuille - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):78.
  43.  37
    Categorical Perception of Speech Sounds in Illiterate Adults.Willy Serniclaes, Paulo Ventura, José Morais & Régine Kolinsky - 2005 - Cognition 98 (2):B35-B44.
  44.  55
    Constructive Dialogical Pluralism: A Context of Interreligious Relations.Willy Pfändtner - 2010 - Sophia 49 (1):65-94.
    This article presents current philosophical reflections on religious diversity and concomitant attitudes towards the interreligious situation. The motive behind this presentation is to show that in order to deal more efficiently with the phenomenon of religious plurality, there is a need for a development of the philosophy of religion, where new perspectives are opened up and explored. The very concept of religion as a belief system is put into question, since it has caused philosophical reflections on religious diversity to be (...)
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  45.  40
    The Scientific Exploration of Consciousness: Towards an Adequate Epistemology.Willis Harman - 1994 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (1):140-148.
    The statement below is an outgrowth of a retreat at Tomales Bay,California, December 3-6, 1992, at which fifteen scientists and philosophersattempted to explore the question of an appropriate epistemology for consciousness research. Contributions were made by the scholars listed below and others; the final synthesis was performed by Willis Harman. The statement is submitted to the broader scientific community, and to the concerned public, to stimulate dialogue about a long-standing question, and to foster interest in an ever-deepening scientific study of (...)
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  46. Ethical Consistency in Managerial Decisions.Willie E. Hopkins, Shirley A. Hopkins & Bryant C. Mitchell - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (1):26 – 43.
    Managers often encounter situations that require them to make decisions with ethical implications that affect the organization as well as the managers themselves. The issue we address in this study concerns whether the ethical consistency of managerial decisions is situation dependent. That is, are the decisions managers make ethically consistent when they are faced with different ethical situations? We hypothesize that managerial decisions will vary depending on the type of ethical situation they encounter. We also hypothesize that gender plays a (...)
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  47.  17
    Descartes: Philosophical Writings.Willis Doney, Elizabeth Anscombe, Peter Thomas Geach & Alexandre Koyre - 1955 - Philosophical Review 64 (4):656.
  48. The Four Causes.Boris Hennig - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (3):137-160.
    I will argue that Aristotle’s fourfold division of four causes naturally arises from a combination of two distinctions (a) between things and changes, and (b) between that which potentially is something and what it potentially is. Within this scheme, what is usually called the “efficient cause” is something that potentially is a certain natural change, and the “final cause” is, at least in a basic sense, what the efficient cause potentially is. I will further argue that the essences of things (...)
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  49.  1
    The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science.Willis W. Harman & Jane Clark (eds.) - 1994 - Ions.
  50.  5
    Eternal Truths and the Cartesian Circle: A Collection of Studies.Willis Doney (ed.) - 1987 - Garland.
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